Military Review

Iran successfully modernizes old Soviet tanks

49

One of the most popular tanksused during numerous wars in the Middle East, is considered the T-72Z (Type 72Z), manufactured in Iran. Despite the similar name, he has nothing to do with the Russian T-72. It’s just that Iranian specialists are improving the Soviet T-54 and T-55 tanks, purchased several decades ago from the Soviet Union, and successfully selling them to other countries.


It is reported by the American publication National Interest.

The Iranians replaced the engine of the tank with a capacity of 500 horsepower with a 780-horsepower engine manufactured in Ukraine. In addition, instead of a 100-mm D-10 gun, they installed a 105 mm caliber gun, which is suitable for ammunition manufactured in NATO countries. Also, the combat vehicle was equipped with dynamic armor and an installation for launching smoke grenades.

The tank turned out to be fast, powerful and maneuverable, thanks to a powerful engine in combination with a relatively small mass. Due to its good characteristics and low cost, the combat vehicle was widely used in various armies and armed formations of the Middle East and Africa. For example, Iraqi militias who fought against the militants of the Islamic State, which was banned in Russia, actively used such armored vehicles. It is also known that Sudan acquired the T-72Z batch in the 2000s.
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  1. Jack O'Neill
    Jack O'Neill 15 May 2020 15: 39 New
    +7
    Iran actually has no choice. no one sells tanks to them, so they have to retire. However, Turkey uses the deeply modernized M60, and much more money than Iran, and even NATO.
    Say what you like, but pensioners are still in demand (after all, there are still 65, so it's too early to retire).
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Krasnoyarsk
      Krasnoyarsk 15 May 2020 16: 11 New
      11
      Quote: Jack O'Neill
      Iran actually has no choice. nobody sells tanks to them,

      Have you read the article inattentively?
      = Iranian specialists simply improve the Soviet T-54 and T-55 tanks, purchased several decades ago from the Soviet Union, and successfully sell them to other countries. =
      They sell them! And we could trade similar, withdrawn from our armament. But we would rather offer the SU-57, T-14, S-500, than, having a little bit of a shaman, offer the T-54, T-55, ...
      1. Altona
        Altona 15 May 2020 16: 46 New
        +6
        Quote: Krasnoyarsk
        than, having a little prank, offer T-54, T-55, ...

        ----------------------------
        Here I completely agree with you. As soon as the old T-55 was no longer modernized, it looks like there is still a backlog in its modernization. A very "long-playing" tank in the Middle East theater of operations.
        1. alone
          alone 15 May 2020 16: 51 New
          +2
          Quote: Altona
          A very "long-playing" tank in the Middle East theater of operations.

          And not only in BV ... In Africa it is very popular ..
        2. Klingon
          Klingon 15 May 2020 17: 13 New
          +1
          Vietnam is also very successfully modernizing old Soviet military equipment, and they are doing it competently - there was an article not so long ago about Vietnamese-modernized Shilka - they did a great job, and the radar is new and computerized, the LMS and 4 MANPADS in a container hi
        3. Maki Avellevich
          Maki Avellevich 15 May 2020 21: 02 New
          0
          Quote: Altona
          Here I completely agree with you. As soon as the old T-55 was no longer modernized, it looks like there is still a backlog in its modernization. A very "long-playing" tank in the Middle East theater of operations.

          not so long ago, it was possible to see IS-3 in the BV. T-55 is still fresh in comparison.
          1. Vitaly gusin
            Vitaly gusin 15 May 2020 21: 23 New
            0
            Quote: Maki Avellievich
            not so long ago, it was possible to see IS-3 in the BV.

            And today in the tank museum in Latrun can be seen.
      2. orionvitt
        orionvitt 15 May 2020 18: 50 New
        +2
        Quote: Krasnoyarsk
        having a little prank, offer T-54, T-55, ...

        T-54 and T-55, from storage bases, have long been sold (transferred) to friendly regimes back in Soviet times. If anything old remains, then maybe the T-62, and I doubt it, they were also sold en masse to the same Syria and Iraq. On the basis of the T-55, in Russia there are only engineering vehicles, but they are still in operation.
    3. V.I.P.
      V.I.P. 15 May 2020 20: 28 New
      -1
      Here is the Iranian Karrar. Like the T-90 base of the T-72 ...



      Why do they need a T-90?
  2. Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 15 May 2020 15: 40 New
    +2
    And on the left in the photo, who? Is Zelensky's double?
    1. Jack O'Neill
      Jack O'Neill 15 May 2020 15: 42 New
      +3
      And on the left in the photo, who? Is Zelensky's double?

      You read inattentively:
      The Iranians replaced the engine of the tank with a capacity of 500 horsepower with a 780-horsepower engine manufactured in Ukraine.

      Zelensky himself delivered and helped to install. President of all trades, so to speak. Just like the bald of the Brothers.
      1. Vladimir61
        Vladimir61 15 May 2020 16: 37 New
        +4
        Quote: Jack O'Neill
        You read inattentively:

        I read everything carefully! At VO, the majority are smart and smart participants in order to draw the right conclusions from the ironic commentary.
    2. Ros 56
      Ros 56 15 May 2020 16: 05 New
      0
      Or maybe he came to gain experience, he is not a sucker. lol
    3. Altona
      Altona 15 May 2020 16: 43 New
      +3
      Quote: Vladimir61
      And on the left in the photo, who? Is Zelensky's double?

      --------------------------------------
      Given that Zelensky and the character in the photo on the left belong to the Semitic group of nationalities, this is not surprising.
    4. Sky strike fighter
      Sky strike fighter 15 May 2020 16: 50 New
      0
      Quote: Vladimir61
      And on the left in the photo, who? Is Zelensky's double?

      A distant relative from the Middle East most likely. wink
      1. Vitaly gusin
        Vitaly gusin 15 May 2020 18: 29 New
        +3
        Quote: Sky Strike fighter
        A distant relative from the Middle East is likely

        They themselves did not think, but were in the top ten.
        He tells them what the Israelis did in the distant 60-72 years of the last century.
        After the 1967 war, almost four hundred T-54 T-55 became trophies of Israelis
        Some of them were put into service, and some served as a kind of donors of spare parts. In total, the troops got about one and a half hundred of these machines, which received the designation TI-67 "Tiran".
        They installed new means of communication, American machine guns. Later, the standard 100-mm cannon was replaced with a 105-mm cannon, similar to those that were then on tanks manufactured in the USA and Great Britain.

        IDF Tiran / Ti-67 series tank production line in the 70s: in the foreground are the original T-54/55 hulls awaiting processing, in the background and to the left, restored hulls and ready to install towers.
        In the October 1973 war. According to various sources, no more than a dozen of these vehicles were lost in those battles. At the same time, heavy armored personnel carriers "Akhzarit" were created on the basis of T-54 and T-55.
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. Doccor18
    Doccor18 15 May 2020 15: 48 New
    +3
    “Russia occupies a leading position in the world among the exporting countries of main battle tanks. From 2006 to 2016, the Russian Federation sold 1491 new tanks to foreign customers for $ 4,73 billion, leaving the United States and Germany.
    At the same time, the Russian leadership, apparently, is not going to abandon the increase in export volumes, according to the forecasts of the World Arms Trade Analysis Center (CAMTO). "
    Russia has been and remains the number 1 tank power.
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 15 May 2020 15: 58 New
    0
    In a bearded man, over the left shoulder, exactly, the hole in the tank is through, which was poured there, usually they rot from the bottom. In the back tank in the filler neck, a bottle from under the soda sticks out, achlamons. Under this engine and box with on-board need to be changed.
  6. svp67
    svp67 15 May 2020 15: 59 New
    +4
    The Iranians replaced the engine of the tank with a capacity of 500 horsepower with a 780-horsepower engine manufactured in Ukraine.
    ????? The Iranians are installing a B-46, but it was not manufactured in Ukraine, but it was available in a certain quantity from the time of the USSR, and this is what Ukraine most likely supplied to Iran ...
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 15 May 2020 16: 04 New
      +5
      Also noticed? This is not the first time the long-suffering line of B engines is attributed to neighbors. Maybe I missed something and on Malaya Arnautskaya did start to do it?)
      1. svp67
        svp67 15 May 2020 16: 08 New
        +4
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        Maybe I missed something and on Malaya Arnautskaya did start to do it?)

        No, there simply were two BTRZs to repair the T-72, and that meant a sufficient number of engines and spare parts for them
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 15 May 2020 17: 01 New
          +2
          Well, Lviv and Kiev T 72 were engaged. But, do you really think that the stocks were such that export could begin? Well, and anyway, it's not production.
          1. svp67
            svp67 15 May 2020 18: 02 New
            +2
            Quote: Leader of the Redskins
            Well, and in any case, this is not production.

            Of course not ... this is a major overhaul and there were and are corresponding workshops with equipment for this
            1. eburg1234
              eburg1234 15 May 2020 18: 31 New
              0
              The B-46 is not the most sophisticated engine. The Iranians, in theory, received a license for the T-72S in the 90s (although, apparently, they did not receive everything necessary for production, they were only able to assemble the car kits until their supplies were discontinued at the direction of the United States). Now they are remotorizing their old Chieftains on the B-46 (or B-84?). I think that the Iranians themselves are capitalizing on the B-series, and they get new ones where possible. And not the fact that this is Ukraine.
              There are also doubts that the T-54/55 put 780-strong B-46. In the USSR they didn’t do that, because the capabilities of the chassis did not correspond to such power. KVM the author whistles a little).
              1. svp67
                svp67 15 May 2020 18: 38 New
                +2
                Quote: eburg1234
                In the USSR, they didn’t do this, because the capabilities of the chassis did not correspond to such power

                They did, on the tanks of the T-55M-1, T-55MV-1, T-62M-1 and T-62MV-1 series, the V-46-5M engines were installed, although they were deformed to a power of 690 liters. with
                1. eburg1234
                  eburg1234 15 May 2020 18: 47 New
                  0
                  The B-46-5M has a power of 690 hp. Deformed).
                  1. svp67
                    svp67 15 May 2020 18: 48 New
                    +3
                    Quote: eburg1234
                    It has a power of 690 hp. Deformed).

                    But this is B-46, and de-force has a beneficial effect on increasing the resource. And they drove these tanks, especially with the letters "B" very quickly and "ate less fuel"
                    1. eburg1234
                      eburg1234 15 May 2020 19: 02 New
                      +1
                      In the text of 780 hp, its Ukrainian production is also indicated.
                      In general, the text, frankly, does not cause much confidence.
                      1. svp67
                        svp67 15 May 2020 19: 04 New
                        +2
                        Quote: eburg1234
                        In the text, 780 hp indicated and Ukrainian origin.

                        The latter is clearly wrong, but the first, it is quite possible, for this it was necessary either to upgrade the "guitar" or the gearbox. The first is easier, faster, cheaper
                      2. eburg1234
                        eburg1234 15 May 2020 19: 06 New
                        0
                        And then another chassis upgrade. Everything is possible, but it makes no sense (very little).
  • Ros 56
    Ros 56 15 May 2020 16: 04 New
    +2
    They do it right, cars are reliable and will cost less.
    1. Altona
      Altona 15 May 2020 16: 47 New
      0
      Quote: Ros 56
      They do it right, cars are reliable and will cost less.

      ----------------------------
      If technology still copes with its mission, then why not?
  • alone
    alone 15 May 2020 16: 26 New
    +2
    Iran’s tank fleet is very diverse .. There are many types of tanks. Both Soviet, and English, and American, Chinese copies of the same t-54 \ 55 and their Zulfukara (a mixture of Soviet and American tanks.)
    The main bet is on those 480 T-72s and on your Zulfikar in the amount of about 250-300 .. Zulfikar has one significant problem .. Its chassis is borrowed from the M60 .. which are American ..
    That is, an additional purchase is not possible due to sanctions ..
    And the fact that they sell t-54 \ 55, modernizing them, so they found an option to replenish and update the tank fleet ..
    Otherwise, they would not be sold .. Most likely they will be replaced either by the t-72, or by its Chinese version ..
    There is no money for the t-90 ..
    1. eburg1234
      eburg1234 15 May 2020 18: 34 New
      +1
      While T-90 (and other offensive weapons) Iran cannot purchase due to UN sanctions, Russia itself will not sell. Sanctions end in the fall, and then it will become clear whether they have money and for what ...
      1. alone
        alone 15 May 2020 18: 35 New
        0
        Quote: eburg1234
        While T-90 (and other offensive weapons) Iran cannot purchase due to UN sanctions, Russia itself will not sell. Sanctions end in the fall, and then it will become clear whether they have money and for what ...

        Do you think the sanctions will be canceled?
        1. eburg1234
          eburg1234 15 May 2020 18: 42 New
          0
          It seems like their term will simply end, that is, they will be canceled automatically or they must be taken again. Russia and China have already stated that they will not accept new sanctions. The USA is screaming, most likely they will take sanctions to those who dare to supply something).
          1. alone
            alone 15 May 2020 19: 06 New
            0
            Quote: eburg1234
            The USA is screaming, most likely they will take sanctions to those who dare to supply something).

            That's it ... Well, I wrote that they’ll buy from Russia or China .. And it’s really not very important with their finances ..
  • knn54
    knn54 15 May 2020 16: 32 New
    +1
    It is also necessary to organize the production of ammunition and spare parts for such a "variety".
    And is there really little in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation of deeply modernized equipment?
  • otstoy
    otstoy 15 May 2020 16: 45 New
    +1
    T-55 is the best tank for modern regional warfare. And without any fancy upgrades, such as replacing the gun and engine.
    1. andreykolesov123
      andreykolesov123 16 May 2020 09: 13 New
      0
      Quote: otstoy
      T-55 is the best tank for modern regional warfare. And without any fancy upgrades, such as replacing the gun and engine.

      That's right, it is not for nothing that the Israelis still use it in the form of Ahzarite.
  • V.I.P.
    V.I.P. 15 May 2020 18: 11 New
    0
    And where is the photo of this tank ?? It is interesting to see what kind of dynamic protection and how it is installed .....
    1. V.I.P.
      V.I.P. 15 May 2020 19: 21 New
      +4
      I found what they got
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 15 May 2020 21: 07 New
        +1
        Quote: V.I.P.
        I found what they got

        Yes, a deep modernization has turned out. they decided to leave the original machine gun for now.
        1. volodimer
          volodimer 16 May 2020 06: 53 New
          +1
          Why change the verified? DShK is still relevant, this is AK among large-caliber machine guns.
          1. Maki Avellevich
            Maki Avellevich 16 May 2020 10: 17 New
            -1
            Quote: volodimer
            Why change the verified? DShK is still relevant, this is AK among large-caliber machine guns.

            Tested it is good but the trunk is probably shot for sale.
            And if a new one, Iranian and not Soviet-made, then I would probably not take it.
            1. volodimer
              volodimer 16 May 2020 10: 34 New
              0
              If these are Iranians for export, then at least Chinese ... For me, I certainly only for ours, as well as with AK ...
              Not so long ago (a few years) there was a report on how our ships Somali waters patrolled, in it the marines trained from the side of the BPC on the shields, shot precisely from the DShK. It surprised me a little, I thought that they had a Cord well, maybe the NSV for a long time.
              1. Maki Avellevich
                Maki Avellevich 16 May 2020 12: 28 New
                0
                Quote: volodimer
                Not so long ago (a few years) there was a report on how our ships Somali waters patrolled, in it the marines trained from the side of the BPC on the shields, shot precisely from the DShK. It surprised me a little, I thought that they had a Cord well, maybe the NSV for a long time.

                I suspect that the Somalis are still unaware of the meaning of the barrel cut and / or methods for checking it.
                therefore, for them, the barrel from which the bullet flies is a good barrel.
                1. volodimer
                  volodimer 16 May 2020 14: 55 New
                  0
                  "I suspect the Somalis are still unaware of the meaning of barrel cutting and / or how to check it.
                  therefore for them the barrel from which the bullet takes off is a good barrel. "

                  In that situation, the main thing for Somalis was not to get under our DShK, and the trunks there were clearly correct, and these pirates had little chance. repeat
                  DShK were at our marines as standard weapons. That's actually what surprised me.
  • 75 Sergey
    75 Sergey 15 May 2020 21: 48 New
    -1
    80 mares and "fast and agile" ?! Some kind of crap, but L7 and a new fire control system?
    In general, the article is not about anything, even there is no normal photo
  • andreykolesov123
    andreykolesov123 16 May 2020 09: 12 New
    +1
    Oh, the Iranian Tiran was born.