A shot from the movie "Communist" (1957). I would like to see every builder of a new society like this. But really, most of them were completely different. And they didn’t strain, and they didn’t carry around their pocket, and they loved to drink (and not only drink). In a word, they were the most ordinary people, and not at all knights without fear and reproach
“Soviet Russia, formed on the ruins of the Russian Empire, began to build a completely new kind of state. And for such a grand transformation, the country needed competent, ideological, convinced people. And where could they be taken? From which country could experts be invited? The answer is obvious - there is no such country and there are no such specialists. That is, the country, its leadership had to work with the "material" that was. And what was the essence of this “material”, it can be seen from the newspaper articles that you helpfully provided. ”
History and documents. Interest in documents of our past on “VO” is permanent, although sometimes it seems that materials on this topic are read by their commentators through glasses with curved glasses. They read anything in them, and see the bad, even where it had never happened. But the most interesting is the arguments of some of them. Say, we were not lucky with the people who had to become the builder of socialism. Although the people, after all, our revolutionaries especially did not ask. They drove everyone together and then for some reason they were surprised that the different beech-books there “made their way and fall apart.” Imagine that someone from their corns was right and well fed, and someone from their bedsores is poor and hungry? And then the order - "dispossess%". And How? The most that is called "that" to settle scores. After all, most of all people do not like what? The same thing: the intellectual superiority of another person. They can put up with physical strength: “God gave!”, With beauty. But in the sense of intelligence ... well, no, like this: I am mediocrity, but he is a smart guy? “He put on his glasses, and even with a hat!” “But Mikola, take a look, the vow gave vodka not to drink and look at it - it plows!” No, with the people at the same time ... Oooo, warrior! ”
And then you can’t do anything. Such human “material” went to the builders of socialism, and they could not redo it. Failed? Yes, and this is best said by personal files stored in the funds of party archives and, in particular, in the funds of the Penza OFOPO GAPO. In one of the previous materials, we examined the personal affairs of the communists of 1938. But 25 years have passed, and ... before us is a new bundle of affairs. True, this time the names of the defendants will be changed, since 70 years have not passed since that time. But here, as always, there is a link to the source and the pages of the case will even be indicated: “Minutes of meetings of the CPSU OK from January 14 to March 18, 1963. Fund 5893. Op. 1. Unit hr 1". Cases will be shown a little, but they are all very revealing ...
The difficulty with local, and not only local, archives is that their materials are not digitized. They are kept in the old fashioned way and the file cabinet on them is still the same ... pre-revolutionary. Therefore, a huge number of people who own computers cannot use this information. And there is neither money, nor equipment to transfer all this mass of papers into a "number"!
Well, we start with ... biology. Yes, yes, with her, to show that no heroism, education, dedication and other positive qualities of the “builder of communism” were stronger than what? The call of nature!
So, we read.
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#8. Listened to:
Case Sh ... on Kh. Kh., Born in 1924, member of the CPSU since December 1944, party ticket No. 03765114. Russian, employee, higher education.
In the Soviet Army he served from 1942 to 1948 as a cadet, commander tank, deputy battery commander ... From 1950 to 1962 he worked in the police department. Awarded with medals ...
During the period of bringing to party responsibility, he worked as the deputy director for cultural and educational work of the construction school No. 1 of the city of Penza, and is currently being detained by court decision.
Excluded from the ranks of the CPSU for moral degradation, expressed in the occupation of sodomy. On April 25, 1963, a regional court sentenced him to 3 years and 6 months in prison. The decision of the lower party organization OK CPSU approved.
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But the indicated comrade probably knew about the article for “non-traditional orientation” and for the fact that he would be immediately chased out of the party if he got caught. He knew, he could not but know. But the "call of nature" was stronger. Such are the people, and there were many of them whether we like it or not (p. Of the indicated document 187.12).
Read on. There is also a "call", but a slightly different plan. Loud call ... mamons!
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# 7 They listened: the case of Mo ... howl MM, born in 1912, member of the CPSU since 1952, party ticket No. 02456400. Russian, office worker, incomplete secondary education. During the period of bringing to party responsibility, she worked as a senior accountant in the association of preschool institutions of the Penza branch of the Kuibyshev Railway. Currently in custody.
The essence of the matter: May ... in complicity with the manager of the nursery No. 18, the accountant ... and the manager of the nursery ... systematically since 1962, they have been engaged in theft of material values belonging to the nursery.
On April 12, 1962, 20 meters of jacquard material was obtained for the nursery, which the abovementioned persons appropriated and divided. Also stole carpets, flannel, tablecloths, bedspreads: 5 tablecloths, 50 meters flannel, 5 meters tapestry. The kitchen equipment worth 84 rubles was stolen, and the person involved took 15 plates, a meat grinder, a pot and spices for spice.
In total, 547 rubles were appropriated, and 100 r.
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First, the thief was severely reprimanded with entering into the account card. But since she was prosecuted and imprisoned, she was expelled from the party (p. 4.10).
Let’s see one more “thieves’s case”, in which E ... s E.E., born in 1927, was a Russian, a worker, a lower education, who worked at the Kuznetsk shoe factory. March 13, 1963 the bureau of the Kuznetsk KR CPSU expelled him from the ranks of the CPSU for the theft of 17 sheets of steel from the factory. He worked as an forwarder and ... abused the position in self-serving whole. In life, he behaved inappropriately, abused alcohol, was repeatedly discussed by a team of workers and at a party bureau, but he didn’t draw any conclusions and continued to slide downhill! The driver Ka ... in offered him iron, he gave him 50 rubles, and he took him home to E ... ov, where the police found him. For all this, he was unanimously expelled from the ranks of the CPSU, and the regional committee approved this decision (p. Of this document 6.7).
So, it is obvious that they stole something, and, of course, with the volumes of the fact that today the same FSB officers are stealing from us, it is not comparable. But the principle is important. A drop wears away a stone - it has been said for a long time and very accurately. First we take to the party ... a worker without education, then it turns out that he is stealing and getting drunk. A woman steals from children! What morality do you need to have in order to do this? But she went for the sake of several pots. What is this talking about? About the extreme poverty of our then “homo sovieticus”, in the eyes of which even a couple of pots and a free meat grinder - “and even bread!” And there were many. And someone came across, and someone did not, while others got off with a reprimand and went to steal "the little things." Humanly, this is all understandable, but it is impossible to imagine that people with such morality would raise worthy children who would then not glance at what lies badly. And such morality was expressed in a very revealing phrase: no matter how much you steal from the state, you cannot return the stolen from you!
However, the most interesting personal matter we have to read now.
The essence of the matter is as follows: EU A.U., party ticket No. 1258966 (canceled), Russian, peasant, secondary education, studied at the Higher Communist Agricultural School, but was arrested on July 22, 1933 by the Special Conference under the OGPU collegium and convicted under articles 58-2 and 58-11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, sentenced to be shot - with the replacement of imprisonment in the camp for 10 years. The indictment referred to the fact that he "is hostile to the CPSU (b) and the state system existing in the USSR, and in 1933 joined the counter-revolutionary organization" People’s Communist Party ", which aimed to overthrow the Soviet regime and establish a petty-bourgeois republic .
After serving a sentence in the Sevpechlager of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he was released on October 8, 1945, and in 1947 he arrived in Penza, where he began to work as a mechanic in a mechanical laundry. February 4, 1950 was again arrested as a previous convict. By a special meeting at the Ministry of State Security of the USSR he was sent to a settlement in the Kustanai region of Kazakhstan for membership in an anti-Soviet organization without determining the period where he stayed until 1954.
Both he and other Soviet citizens convicted in this case after 1953 began to make requests for rehabilitation as incorrectly convicted. An investigation was carried out, which established that “None of the above counterrevolutionary organizations existed and the case in this part was falsified by former OGPU workers from the Middle-Volga region.”
As a result, the case of November 4, 1933 was canceled by the Presidium of the Supreme Court of the RSFSR on July 26, 1961, and the case of July 1, 1950 was canceled by a decision of March 7, 1963.
That is, as you see, they dealt with the “affairs” for a long time, thoroughly, and for each of the cases separately, and not so that “in bulk”, as some now believe. Thus, E ... s was completely rehabilitated.
And here comes an interesting paragraph:
"However, E ... s, being a member of the CPSU and a student of the Higher Communist Agricultural School, allowed instability and hesitation in understanding the correctness of the line of our party, repeatedly expressed all kinds of anti-Soviet fabrications, was indifferent to his party affiliation and compliance with the statutory requirements."
Question: how did all this become known? In fact, there are no indications!
In the same 1933, he handed over to a friend a blank form of an account card and helped illegally get a party ticket, and the RK VKP (b) issuing it did not check the form of the card. He then stole several more forms and handed them to his friends.
"Thus, using his official position, he made it possible for people to enter the party without being accepted by their party organization."
He was a member of the E ... s party for 5 years, 30 outside the party, is characterized positively by his work.
And what would you think? The person was denied the restoration to the party after all these ordeals, which, in fact, had broken his life, since he "showed instability and hesitation in understanding the correctness of the CPSU line ... committed the theft and forgery of party documents." Therefore, his request was rejected as unfounded (p. Of the said document 177-180: 2,3,4,5).
Yes, but then he spent 10 years in the camp! Not at a resort in Gagra, but worked at a camp, and then still lived at a settlement in Kazakhstan, where there is also “not a fountain”. And the party of 1933 and 1963 - these were two big differences, so how many people then hesitated ... Should there be moral compensation, not to mention material compensation? Well, it’s clear that there wasn’t even any material speech at that time. But moral? No - they didn’t give a person even that! And are there still people who say that we had a society of "social justice"? But it is known that “injustice, illuminated by the name of the law, dishonors this law itself!”
And now the most "amusing". Gave read these materials to one student of Moscow University named after Yu. S. Witte. She read and says: “Is he crazy? Climb into the party after what this power did to him! .. "-" Well, he really wanted to ... "-" Some kind of nonsense! Everything that happened is absolutely unreal, like a bad dream. A society of some kind of crazy! ”
Such a judgment. But the future belongs to the young, and you can only pray to God that they have the wit with such crazy society to never get involved again ...