Military Review

US missile defense system in Europe: “anti-Iranian shield” is aimed at Russia

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US missile defense system in Europe: “anti-Iranian shield” is aimed at Russia

US missile defense system Aegis Ashore in Devesela


The U.S. missile defense system in Europe is represented by four American ULE destroyers of the Arleigh Burke type, deployed at the Rota’s Spanish naval base, equipped with a modified Aegis system and Standard SM-3 Block IA missile defense systems, deployed in Turkey with the AN / TPY-2 US radar and two bases ABM Aegis Ashore, deployed in Poland and Romania. The choice of precisely these countries for the deployment of missile defense ground bases is due to the fact that both Poland and Romania are located in important strategic directions, and it is easy to control the Russian northwest and Black Sea region from their territory, respectively.

ABM ground systems in Romania and Poland


The U.S. Aegis Ashore missile defense system, designed for 24 Mk41 launchers for Standard SM-3 Block IB interceptor missiles, was deployed at Devecelu's military base in Romania, where it took up combat duty in May 2016. The complex is based on a shipborne integrated system modified for solving missile defense weapons Aegis. In fact, it is a land-based similarity to the superstructure of the Ticonderoga URO cruiser with the Aegis system and Launch Modular Enclosure (Mk41) universal vertical launchers in the land-based stationary version.

Three years later, in the spring of 2019, the complex was closed for modernization, during which the United States deployed a high-altitude atmospheric intercept missile system (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, THAAD) in Romania. In August of the same year, the Aegis Ashore complex was put on alert after the modernization, the details of which were not disclosed. However, earlier some military experts expressed the view that the modernization of the complex was carried out taking into account the US exit from the INF Treaty. At the same time, the US said that "the missile defense system has not received any offensive capabilities." Most likely, the SM-3 Block IB missiles were replaced with a new version of the SM-3 Block IIA.


Launch Modular Enclosure Launch Modular Enclosure Aegis Ashore Complex in Devesela

The basic elements of the missile defense system in Devessela are modular, fully assembled and tested in the United States, and then transported to Romania in containers, where they are quickly mounted. The software of the ground-based system for the purpose of saving is almost completely identical to the ship versions, except for the removal of the control functions that are not necessary for the coastal system. The calculation of the facility consists of three shifts of 11 people each, carrying round-the-clock combat duty. Objects are guarded by units of the US Army, as well as by Romanian military personnel stationed at a military base.

A similar complex with 24 Mk41 launchers is being built on Polish territory in Redzikovo, 150 km from Gdansk. Putting the complex into operation and putting on combat duty is planned for 2020, most likely closer to its end. An agreement between Poland and the USA on the deployment of an American missile defense system in the country was signed in 2008 and entered into force in 2011. It was originally planned to equip the base with long-range missiles controlled by radar in the Czech Republic. Then the plans were revised, and Poland will receive only medium-range missiles SM-3. Initially, the launch of the missile defense base was planned for 2018, but was later postponed to 2020 due to "lack of resources and labor." Initially, Standard SM-3 Block IB anti-missiles should be deployed in Redzikovo, but in 2019 it was decided to deploy SM-3 Block IIA missiles on the basis of more advanced missiles. The rest of the complex is almost completely similar to the Romanian one, except that it will be housed in a more massive reinforced concrete building.


US missile defense system Aegis Ashore in Redsikovo


Goal - Russia


With the commissioning of the missile defense system in Redzikovo, the second phase of the European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPA), announced by Barack Obama on September 17, 2009, will be completed - the deployment of the ground component of the US and NATO missile defense systems in Europe. The United States initially stated that the system was being deployed to defend against “Iranian missiles,” but from the very beginning it was clear that the main goal was Russia. Such a ... strange "anti-Iranian shield."

Aegis systems Mk41 universal launchers installed on both bases can launch not only SM-3 missiles, but also Tomahawk cruise missiles. Although the United States deny the ability of these installations to launch cruise missiles, it was from this installation in August last year that the Americans conducted test launches of medium and short range missiles.

Today, the United States argues that there are no cruise missiles aimed at Russia either in Romania or in Poland, but we can’t verify it in any way, and these “gentlemen” are not worth the word. No one will guarantee that under the guise of a missile defense the same cruise missiles will not be delivered to objects, since even the launcher does not need to be changed to launch them.

Of course, we cannot prevent the construction of US missile defense facilities in Romania and Poland, but it wouldn’t hurt us to target our own missile systems. And, probably, they are already aimed, it is not for nothing that Russian President Vladimir Putin warned that since shock complexes could be placed in missile defense installations, Russia will take retaliatory actions to neutralize them.
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  1. iouris
    iouris 15 May 2020 11: 29 New
    +5
    This was known to everyone from the very beginning.
    1. Civil
      Civil 15 May 2020 14: 25 New
      +1
      It has long been clear why.
  2. knn54
    knn54 15 May 2020 11: 29 New
    +2
    Mark 41 Vertical Launching System — US STANDARDIZED SHIP American Vertical Launch Installation for Guided Missiles. It is used on ships of the US Navy and Co. to launch the Standard rockets SM-2, SM-3 and SM-6, ASROC, Sea Sparrow, ESSM .... And Axes!
    1. Kalmar
      Kalmar 15 May 2020 11: 53 New
      +4
      Quote: knn54
      . And "Axes."!

      They write that:
      The US Aegis Ashore missile defense system, designed for 24 Mk41 launchers for Standard SM-3 Block IB interceptor missiles, was deployed at the Deveselu military base in Romania

      24 Axes is somehow sour, of course, especially since we have a fairly serious air defense system in the western direction. So far, it looks more like a vassal mark on the faces of Poland and Romania, well, and the subject of political bargaining, of course.

      Conveniently, in response, we can deliver mobile cruise missile systems (the Murikans said that Iskander-K hits much further than 500 km): depending on the current political agenda, they can be removed or deployed at any time.
      1. neri73-r
        neri73-r 15 May 2020 15: 08 New
        0
        Quote: Kalmar
        24 "Axes" - somehow sour, of course,

        And if there are 24 nuclear warheads?
        1. Kalmar
          Kalmar 15 May 2020 15: 55 New
          0
          Quote: neri73-r
          And if there are 24 nuclear warheads?

          Even in nuclear equipment, the "axes" have to somehow get through the air defense. And in general, are any stationary complexes really needed in these conditions, if you can just drive the Arleigh Burke into the Black and Baltic Seas and shoot from them?
        2. Hermit21
          Hermit21 16 May 2020 07: 50 New
          0
          Tomahawks lost their nuclear status in 2011. The range of the version with a conventional warhead is 1600 kilometers
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 15 May 2020 11: 31 New
    +3
    There is no peace in this world ... when will it be ???
    1. sabakina
      sabakina 15 May 2020 12: 47 New
      +1
      Quote: rocket757
      There is no peace in this world ... when will it be ???

      Victor, stop mocking me! Since 1973 we have been repeating to the world, but what's the point?
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 15 May 2020 13: 06 New
        +1
        Vyacheslav soldier
        What is this WORLD, a game ... it’s just that some people played too much! And the presence of not a small force and the absence of a healthy head carries danger to the whole world!
        1. Carnifexx
          Carnifexx 15 May 2020 14: 25 New
          +1
          I agree, but here some comrades generally offered Iran to transfer ICBMs with nuclear weapons — I did not know that Kim Jong-un knew Russian and was in high school.
          1. Lelek
            Lelek 15 May 2020 14: 50 New
            +1
            Quote: Carnifexx
            I agree, but here some comrades generally offered Iran to transfer ICBMs with nuclear weapons

            hi
            Well, Iran itself is on the verge of creating nuclear weapons and ICBMs and the screams of goat-bearded Sam on this subject now (after the US withdraws from the agreement) - an empty phrase. The Yankees themselves have done evil and now slurp a full spoon.
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 15 May 2020 17: 52 New
              +3
              Stripes have reached the state of absolute evil, without any restrictions. They can be kept at a distance only by a large, and better vigorous, club.
              1. Carnifexx
                Carnifexx 15 May 2020 20: 46 New
                -1
                Stripes have reached the state of absolute evil, without any restrictions.
                Why do you consider them an absolute evil?

                They can be kept at a distance only by a large, and better vigorous, club.
                It doesn’t work that way.
                1. rocket757
                  rocket757 15 May 2020 21: 01 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Carnifexx
                  Why do you consider them an absolute evil?

                  Give an example where they brought good.
                  Quote: Carnifexx
                  It doesn’t work that way.

                  What is the difference, how it works / does not work, the result on the whole face ... guess what?
                  1. Carnifexx
                    Carnifexx 15 May 2020 21: 51 New
                    +1
                    Give an example where they brought good.
                    Ohhh, what exotic criteria you have chosen. Curious, does it follow from him that Australia is an absolute evil? The United States participated in the pacification of the Reich, defended Korea from the aggressor (the DPRK does not hide the fact that the aggressor, if anything, they’re kind of good), provided humanitarian assistance, including in Russia in the 20th, so offhand.

                    What is the difference, how it works / does not work, the result on the whole face ... guess what?
                    In the world of 195 countries, at least 100 of them were not invaded by the USA, but they do not have nuclear weapons, many do not really have a club ... no. So yes, it doesn’t work as you described.
                    1. rocket757
                      rocket757 15 May 2020 22: 17 New
                      0
                      Quote: Carnifexx
                      so offhand.

                      Do you want Schaub I piled onto the other side of the scales, so offhand? Which side will outweigh?
                      By the way, from the examples you cited, only the first and second world ones can be recognized that this was not an attack on someone, but specifically, protection from the aggressor. And Kuwait is forgotten. Everything else is pure intervention, an attack on sovereign states, albeit in a state of civil confrontation.
                      Take a textbook of world history and study the mat part.
                      Quote: Carnifexx
                      In the world of 195 countries, at least 100 of them are not invaded by the United States,

                      Are you serious? This is your argument, argument .... strange as that.
                      1. Carnifexx
                        Carnifexx 15 May 2020 23: 28 New
                        0
                        Do you want Schaub I piled onto the other side of the scales, so offhand? Which side will outweigh?
                        Forward.

                        By the way, from the examples you cited, only the first and second world ones can be recognized that this was not an attack on someone, but specifically, protection from the aggressor. And Kuwait is forgotten.
                        Already not bad.

                        Everything else is pure intervention, an attack on sovereign states, albeit in a state of civil confrontation.
                        Take a textbook of world history and study the mat part.
                        In other words, Korea does not count. Why do you consider the example of Korea exposing the US negatively?

                        Are you serious? This is your argument, argument .... strange as that.
                        I still have not seen the reason why
                        They can be kept at a distance only by a large, and better vigorous, club.
                        In my opinion, there is no need to make special efforts to keep them at a distance, because many people manage not to quarrel with them at all and to be successful peaceful countries.
            2. Carnifexx
              Carnifexx 15 May 2020 20: 44 New
              +1
              I remember Donald was "well done." Subsequent events with Iran are suggestive. It looks like the Iranian regime is holding on largely thanks to the diplomatic (and not so much) efforts of the United States. Iran is also normal, they, as you remember, I believe, politely warned about the strike.
  4. Boris Afinogenov
    Boris Afinogenov 15 May 2020 11: 33 New
    +3
    And then all sorts of liberals, Russophobes say that "no one is going to attack your Russia. You need ..."
    One gets the impression that the "West" did not ruin the USSR either, and that there are no wars and conflicts in the world. And most importantly, if everything is calm now, then it has been and will always be so.
    And the NATO bases around Russia are normal. And in the Crimea, such a thing would do nothing wrong.

    Alas, people do not want to see anything further than their kitchen. Even elementary to understand how the world works.
    1. Carnifexx
      Carnifexx 15 May 2020 14: 23 New
      +2
      One gets the impression that the "West" did not destroy the USSR either, and that there are no wars and conflicts in the world.
      And how did the "West" destroy the USSR?
  5. Peter Tverdokhlebov
    Peter Tverdokhlebov 15 May 2020 11: 34 New
    -1
    On the SM-3 missiles, infrared homing heads are installed, which KSP missile defense can be used to overcome such a missile defense?
    1. sabakina
      sabakina 15 May 2020 12: 51 New
      0
      Are you talking about our missile defense system or theirs? recourse
    2. Kalmar
      Kalmar 15 May 2020 12: 53 New
      0
      Quote: Pyotr Tverdokhlebov
      which PCB missile defense can be used to overcome such missile defense?

      Iskander))
  6. prior
    prior 15 May 2020 11: 35 New
    0
    If American missile defense bases in Europe are designed against Iranian missiles, then these missiles must be given to Iran.
    The balance should be.
    1. alone
      alone 15 May 2020 11: 42 New
      +3
      Quote: prior
      If American missile defense bases in Europe are designed against Iranian missiles, then these missiles must be given to Iran.

      Iran already has them .. Suggest giving Iranians Poplars? And is it profitable for you?
      1. prior
        prior 15 May 2020 12: 01 New
        -4
        Well, Turkey's S-400s are beneficial, why won't Poplars be beneficial to Iran?
        The more America has enemies and the stronger they are, the more profitable it is for me.
        1. alone
          alone 15 May 2020 12: 12 New
          +6
          Quote: prior
          Well, Turkey's S-400s are beneficial, why won't Poplars be beneficial to Iran?
          The more America has enemies and the stronger they are, the more profitable it is for me.

          They are Russian friends today. But this does not mean that it will always be so.
          1. prior
            prior 15 May 2020 12: 15 New
            -1
            Not the fact that Iran is a friend of Russia. It is important that he is an enemy of the United States and Israel.
            1. alone
              alone 15 May 2020 12: 20 New
              +1
              Quote: prior
              It is important that he is an enemy of the United States and Israel.

              And so ... What is then trifling .. Pass them a nuclear weapon))) ... The US enemy was ready to buy a hundred Boeings in order to modernize its civil aviation ... And the Europeans have as much .. Where is the logic?
              All these tales about enmity .. Where there are interests, enmity moves in a completely different direction ..
              1. prior
                prior 15 May 2020 12: 31 New
                +1
                And, for example, in Russia do you propose flying around the world on what? Superjets?
                What is Iran's fault that no one else on the air transportation market can offer anything more worthwhile than Boeing and Airbass?
                In this world, everything is so, China and America, for example, trade and conduct trade wars simultaneously. And do not forget to build up weapons.
                1. alone
                  alone 15 May 2020 12: 39 New
                  +3
                  Quote: prior
                  And, for example, in Russia do you propose flying around the world on what?

                  And you don’t think that if Russia has nothing to fly around the world except Boeing, then this is primarily the fault of Russia itself .. What prevents the creation of a normal civilian airliner of its own production?
                  Quote: prior
                  What is Iran’s fault

                  Iran’s guilt before that it’s impossible to trumpet everything that they are going to wipe Israel from the face of the Earth together with its citizens .. Do you catch what this reminds?
                  Hitler also carried such nonsense in relation to the peoples of Eastern Europe and the USSR ..
                  With such statements and actions, the United States gave occasion to lock them to the fullest .. This is direct evidence of what happens when religious obscurantists are involved in government affairs ...
                  1. prior
                    prior 15 May 2020 12: 47 New
                    0
                    I agree. It is necessary to blow the whole world about freedom and democracy and drop atomic bombs on Japan, on Vietnam defoliants, on stupid Gaddafi and Saddam peaceful bombs, on Russia sanctions.
                    Is this not obscurantism?
                    And about Israel .... Everyone deserves it.
                    1. alone
                      alone 15 May 2020 12: 55 New
                      +2
                      Quote: prior
                      And about Israel .... Everyone deserves it

                      So that I did not notice the actions of the Iranian army against the army of Israel .. One word ..
                      Quote: prior
                      on stupid Gaddafi and Saddam peaceful bombs

                      That's it .. Stupid
      2. sabakina
        sabakina 15 May 2020 12: 54 New
        +1
        Quote: lonely
        Iran already has them .. Suggest giving Iranians Poplars? And is it profitable for you?
        I will not say for the Iranians, but Eun was pleased. wink
        1. alone
          alone 15 May 2020 12: 59 New
          +2
          Quote: sabakina
          I will not say for the Iranians, but Eun was pleased.

          That's right .. By the way, North Korea also helped Iran in developing rockets ..
  7. Ros 56
    Ros 56 15 May 2020 11: 51 New
    +1
    You just need to notify the leadership of the Poles and dummies that in the event of an attack on Russia, only ash will remain in their place. Let them scratch their turnips, stop playing toys with them.
    1. Pete mitchell
      Pete mitchell 15 May 2020 12: 29 New
      +3
      Article 4-, choice of the place of printing - 2. Such articles should be published once a week in the Polish and Romanian press, to enlighten the heads ...
  8. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 15 May 2020 12: 18 New
    0
    But it’s also impossible for us to ship the ship’s CPC in the Crimea and Kaliningrad with 100 cells each. After all, there you can also charge Onyx ... say it from the ships.
    1. dzvero
      dzvero 15 May 2020 12: 56 New
      +2
      Already possible. The INF Treaty ... of that ... The main advantage of deployment in mines is an increase in combat stability at the first strike, which is especially important for the Kaliningrad region. There is no benefit for Crimea so far.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 15 May 2020 14: 50 New
        +3
        An interesting article was about posting Caliber systems on railway systems.
  9. Andrey Krasnoyarsky
    Andrey Krasnoyarsky 15 May 2020 12: 44 New
    +2
    Those who believe that the NATO missile defense system in Europe is directed against Iran have never seen a globe or a geographic map in their life and believe that Iran is somewhere on the border with Europe.
    1. Carnifexx
      Carnifexx 15 May 2020 14: 14 New
      +2
      The fact is that the ICBM trajectory will be through Europe. When the United States deployed a missile defense system in Europe, it’s constantly hysterical that they want to shoot down all our missiles and hit us themselves. Eh Mercator, Mercator ... look at the globe - the shortest way for Russian missiles to the United States is through the north pole, at worst Scandinavia.
      1. Andrey Krasnoyarsky
        Andrey Krasnoyarsky 15 May 2020 16: 03 New
        0
        It's not about Russian, but about Iranian ICBMs. They fly to Europe either through Russia or through Turkey. It is possible through Armenia. In any case, this is a conflict not only with Europe, but also with the listed countries.
        1. Carnifexx
          Carnifexx 15 May 2020 20: 57 New
          +1
          You confused me. I thought you laughed at those who think that the US is deploying missile defense in Europe against Iran. Although I myself put it not ... not elegantly.
          The Iranian ICBM route to the USA lies through Europe. Russian way to the USA through the North Pole. It’s kind of strange to blame the United States for acting against the interests of the Russian Federation, for deploying a missile defense system in Europe ... unless, of course, Russia is not such a peaceful country and threatens Europe, but it’s not so wink
          1. Andrey Krasnoyarsky
            Andrey Krasnoyarsky 16 May 2020 12: 45 New
            +1
            The NATO command assures that Iranian missiles threaten Europe, and therefore missile defense should be put there. As for the United States, it’s even harder for Iran to hit America than Europe. The essence of my comment is that Iran, with all its desire, will not be able to strike at any NATO country, except perhaps Turkey. But does he need it?
            1. Carnifexx
              Carnifexx 16 May 2020 15: 04 New
              0
              On the one hand, Iran really looks like a bunch of fanatics, on the other hand, the "exchange of pleasantries" with the United States at the beginning of the year shows that a common language has been found (the current state of affairs suits everyone). So yes, Iran doesn't need it. But Iran is not the most stable state, and this means that weapons may end up in the hands of a more radical leadership, and here it is simply better to overdo it than to miss it. Such is the rationalization of the deployment of this missile defense system. Russia can also use Iran in the foreseeable future - the sale of the S-400 to the Saudis, if they do not disintegrate, of course.
  10. cniza
    cniza 15 May 2020 13: 06 New
    +2
    but it wouldn’t hurt to aim our own missile systems at these objects.


    Have you not aimed yet?
  11. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 15 May 2020 13: 52 New
    +2
    Better Perevigil than Nedoto watch.
    It’s still fortunate that they don’t read IN, otherwise, with a fright they would have built another 20 of them. lol
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 15 May 2020 14: 40 New
      +1
      Read and deliver. Everyone hopes to sit behind a puddle and get rid of Europe, as always.
  12. Carnifexx
    Carnifexx 15 May 2020 14: 11 New
    -1
    Of course, we cannot prevent the construction of US missile defense facilities in Romania and Poland, but it wouldn’t hurt us to target our own missile systems. And, probably, they are already aimed, it is not for nothing that Russian President Vladimir Putin warned that since shock complexes could be placed in missile defense installations, Russia will take retaliatory actions to neutralize them.
    The Russian Federation has Iskander and Tochka in the region, the United States is deploying an anti-missile defense against Iran (just look at the map - this missile defense is really from potential Iranian missiles, they are not useless against the Russian nuclear weapons, but not everything is knocked down FAR), and you breed a tantrum ... strange . Although yes, for an arms race you can follow your advice.
  13. NordUral
    NordUral 15 May 2020 14: 38 New
    0
    America was discovered once again. The more such complexes they have near us, the more real is the preventive strike from our side. They themselves are pushing for this.
    1. Carnifexx
      Carnifexx 15 May 2020 20: 58 New
      0
      Why do you think so?
      1. NordUral
        NordUral 15 May 2020 22: 00 New
        +3
        Because I doubt our ability to repel their sudden massive attack. Therefore, a preemptive strike will be needed when it becomes clear that attacks cannot be avoided.
        1. Carnifexx
          Carnifexx 15 May 2020 23: 22 New
          0
          In what conditions can they attack?
          1. NordUral
            NordUral 15 May 2020 23: 41 New
            +2
            And when the roof goes completely.
            1. martin-159
              martin-159 17 May 2020 06: 11 New
              +1
              Our leaders?
              1. NordUral
                NordUral 17 May 2020 16: 33 New
                0
                Do we have leaders? I think the Western ones, who are they there. "Nash", hmm ..., only harm us, they will not rush to the Westerners without understanding that otherwise they will be too damned.
  14. Old26
    Old26 15 May 2020 15: 10 New
    +5
    Quote: prior
    Well, Turkey's S-400s are beneficial, why won't Poplars be beneficial to Iran?
    The more America has enemies and the stronger they are, the more profitable it is for me.

    Sure. Well, if there is another change of president in Iran now, an even bigger hawk will come than Ahmadinijad was in his time, who will decide that from his point of view Russia is his geopolitical enemy. And where then will these "Topol" be turned? You can't live solely on the principle "the enemy of my enemy is my friend." Sometimes the enemy of my enemy can turn out to be an even greater enemy for you ...
    And for Iran, by and large
    "We are unfaithful - it means enemies
    So Allah and the Prophet instruct ... "(c)

    Quote: Ros 56
    You just need to notify the leadership of the Poles and dummies that in the event of an attack on Russia, only ash will remain in their place. Let them scratch their turnips, stop playing toys with them.

    What kind of attack can they make? There are no nuclear "axes" at all now. To strike a blow with 48 "axes" on a country with nuclear weapons is not just a madman. But they can technically intercept certain types of Iranian missiles.
  15. +5
    +5 15 May 2020 16: 41 New
    0
    What is the danger of Russia from several dozen of the Kyrgyz Republic? From hundreds and Syria, it didn’t crash a bit ... 3 barracks were destroyed, 80+ missiles were shot down. Yes, and Toporov, as in these installations, can be crammed into one Tika or Burke and put them in the Sea of ​​Marmara for example ....

    Well, headless limitrophs are not by hearsay worthy of a pair of Iskanedrov with special warheads flying to them during the threatened period ....
  16. Operator
    Operator 15 May 2020 19: 05 New
    +2
    The author is the correct name "US missile base" (not "US missile defense base").
  17. sen
    sen 16 May 2020 05: 31 New
    0
    Poland will play out. In case of conflict there will be a big hole instead.