Military Review

The main threat. Russia in the new National Security Strategy of Poland

35

On May 12, Polish President Andrzej Duda signed an updated National Security Strategy. A multi-page document describes the current situation, threats and challenges, as well as the basic methods of ensuring national security. A prominent place in the new Strategy is Russia. This time, our country is considered one of the main threats to Polish security.


Neo-Imperial March


The most interesting references to Russia and its policies are contained in the chapter of the Strategy entitled “Security Environment” (“Security Environment” in the English version). Noting the changes in the strategic situation and the complication of the military-political situation in the international arena, the authors of the Strategy proceed to expose the main threat.

The greatest threat to Poland’s security is called the Russian "neo-imperial policy pursued by military force." The “aggression” against Georgia and Ukraine, as well as the “annexation” of Crimea violated the basic principles of international law and undermined the foundations of European security.

Russia is actively developing its offensive potential in the western strategic direction. In the Kaliningrad region and in the Baltic, zones of restriction and prohibition of access and maneuver are created and expanded (A2 / AD). Exercises are being conducted, the scenario of which involves the deployment of large groups, a war with NATO members and even the use of nuclear weapons.


Modern Russian air defense systems are one of the foundations of A2 / AD systems. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru

They also see a threat in Russia’s use of the “hybrid war” methods, which could provoke a full-fledged conflict. A full range of non-military means is used that can destabilize the structures of foreign countries and even create disagreements between the allies. The authors of the Strategy suggest that Russia will continue to undermine the international order, wanting to restore its spheres of influence.

Russian politics also affects global issues. The Polish Strategy marks a growing strategic rivalry between major powers. The confrontation between the United States, Russia and China affects the entire international political system.

Energy threat


It is noted that the energy sector is critical to Poland’s security. However, there are problems directly related to Russia. A significant part of Central Europe and the Balkan region receives gas and oil mainly from Russian suppliers. New international projects, such as Nord Stream-2, can strengthen the dependence of European states on Russian raw materials.


Russian Tanks in training, another cause for concern. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru

All this creates new risks. Russia can use energy supplies as an additional tool for pressure on foreign countries. This must be taken into account when planning - and take action in advance.

At the same time, the authors of the Strategy acknowledge that the state of the Polish energy infrastructure leaves much to be desired. Further development of electric networks, gas industry facilities, etc. is necessary. The existing increase in the capacity of oil and gas storage facilities is considered insufficient. With all this, Polish energy should remain competitive and meet the requirements of the European Union.

Safety Precautions


The National Security Strategy includes four “pillars” (Pillar) - these chapters describe the specific measures and methods necessary to address current challenges. It is curious that in all four chapters Russia is directly mentioned only twice, while other sections and paragraphs are devoted to other countries or other problems. Compared to previous chapters, all this looks very interesting.

The Pillar II chapter is dedicated to Poland’s place in the international security system. Its first section contains the goals and objectives of Polish politics within the framework of NATO and the European Union. Paragraph 1.8 of this section describes the strategy for Russia.


Far aviation The Russian Aerospace Forces are one of the main threats to NATO. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru

It is proposed to use the "double policy" implemented in the framework of NATO in relations with our country. This implies strengthening the defense in order to deter possible aggression - while maintaining readiness for a mutually beneficial dialogue.

The last direct mention of Russia is in Pillar 4 - Social and Economic Development. Environment Protection ”(“ Social and economic projects, environmental protection ”). Section 4, “energy security” includes clause 4.4 on cooperation with the Russian side.

This item offers a fairly tough measure. All diplomatic, legal and administrative efforts are required to stop the construction of new pipelines, etc. infrastructure facilities. This requirement is due to the fact that such construction projects increase Central Europe’s dependence on Russian raw materials - and this becomes an instrument of pressure.

The rest of the measures described in the four chapters affect issues of domestic politics and the economy or relations with third countries. All of them are aimed at solving urgent and expected problems of various kinds that impede the further development of Poland as an independent country and a participant in various organizations.


Polish tankers at Strong Europe Tank Challenge 18. Photo by Wikimedia Commons

In recent years


The previous version of the National Security Strategy was adopted in 2014, shortly after the well-known events. In that document, Russia and its policies were not called the main threat, but pointed to possible risks. In particular, Poland’s security was directly linked to the relations between Russia and the United States. Risk factors included events around the Crimea and Ukraine.

Over the years, the political situation in the region has changed, and Poland has revised its Defense Strategy. In the context of relations with Russia, the wording has changed in the direction of tightening. Official intentions to continue fruitful cooperation within the EU and NATO, including against "Russian aggression" they remained in their previous form or intensified.

In general, the new Strategy speaks for itself. Poland is now openly talking about the perception of Russia as the main threat. The course towards improving relations between countries can be taken only if there are certain benefits for themselves - and not necessarily for the Russian side.

Obvious reasons


It is well known that over the past few decades, official Warsaw has preferred to move away from Moscow and make friends with Washington. Many tactics and decisions of the Polish leadership are determined precisely by these features of international relations. The next result of such a policy was the new National Security Strategy.


Polish paratroopers at a joint NATO exercise. US Department of Defense Photos

In recent years, Poland’s main foreign ally, represented by the United States, has been very tough on Russia. Warsaw agrees with him, incl. by changing key documents in the field of state security.

Campaigning on the threats from Russia helps to improve relations with foreign partners in NATO and the EU, often receiving certain benefits from this. In addition, such topics work well at the local level among their own Polish voters.

It should be noted that the “Russian threat” is beneficial not only from a political point of view. It turns out to be a convenient reason for increasing the military budget, which is very pleasing to the Ministry of Defense and related structures. Salaries are increasing, spending on purchases is growing, etc. This clearly shows both corporate and personal interest.


Polish machine gunner. Wikimedia Commons Photos

This situation is also in the hands of suppliers of military products, including American. Over the past few years, Warsaw and Washington have agreed to sell anti-aircraft systems, combat aircraft, troop control equipment, etc. totaling billions of dollars. The appearance of such orders was made possible due to a number of factors, and one of the main ones is the notorious Russian threat. Local manufacturers of weapons and equipment do not stand aside.

Favorable rate


At present, the Polish authorities are interested in cooperation with the United States, other NATO countries and the EU - for political, economic, military and other reasons. Interaction with Russia is not a priority, since it does not promise the same benefits. At the same time, friendship with some large countries virtually eliminates good relations with others. Such features of foreign policy can even be enshrined in the National Security Strategy.

The new Polish position with regard to our country is not a surprise. The processes leading to such consequences have been observed for several years, and the new Strategy is quite expected. Moreover, the Polish document is hardly worth considering as dangerous for the two countries, although it does not bear any benefit.

In general, Russia is interested in mutually beneficial cooperation with Poland, as well as with other NATO or EU countries. However, at present, such potential partners prefer to be friends with the United States, since it is trite profitable. Perhaps in the future the situation will change, and foreign countries will like to cooperate with Russia more. But so far the situation is different - and our country is becoming the "main threat" for Poland.
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 15 May 2020 05: 23 New
    +7
    ("Poland in the International Security System")
    Immediately in the host language, the document was cooked up by the Poles, what devotion and care!
    1. Tatyana
      Tatyana 15 May 2020 06: 25 New
      +4
      A very good analytical political review article about Poland!
      Nothing superfluous - everything in the topic itself!
    2. Cyril G ...
      Cyril G ... 15 May 2020 07: 58 New
      +2
      Lick the Master a holy cause!
      1. Akuzenka
        Akuzenka 15 May 2020 10: 53 New
        0
        Yes, the Polish "cannon fodder" told the owner that he had such a personal dislike for Russia that he could not eat. Let your muscles shake and swear at Russia.
    3. Civil
      Civil 15 May 2020 09: 30 New
      -4
      The ring of enemies is shrinking, not even an hour the Pole will move to holy places, in Nizhnevartovsk and Yamal. We rally around the EP party and the government in front of the Polish threat.
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U 15 May 2020 09: 36 New
        +2
        Quote: Civil
        The ring of enemies is compressed, it’s not even an hour. The Pole will move to holy places.

        Calm down, citizen! While the Poles themselves are afraid of us!
  2. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 15 May 2020 05: 29 New
    +5
    It is necessary to limit economic relations to a minimum and issue an appeal calling not to visit Poland as a potentially dangerous country, officially.
    1. Valery Valery
      Valery Valery 15 May 2020 06: 27 New
      +2
      Quote: Pessimist22
      It is necessary to limit economic relations to a minimum and issue an appeal calling not to visit Poland as a potentially dangerous country, officially.

      Support!
      But it is necessary to build up relations, including economic ones, with other countries and, first of all, with the FRG (and here SP-2 will help us). And with Poland to act as "cut off", as with a pimple on the body of the EU.
      1. To be or not to be
        To be or not to be 15 May 2020 08: 32 New
        +2
        1. Poland is the main problem for the whole of Europe.
        2. The United States delivered to Poland to confront Russia and, first of all, with strong EU countries. They equip Poland with modern means of struggle and even involve Polish aircraft crews in exercises on the use of tactical nuclear weapons in the European theater of war ...
        3. Poland is the main problem and headache primarily for Germany.
        4. Russia does not threaten Europe. It is Europe that moves to the borders of the Russian Federation and threatens it. It was made a threat to Europe by the propagandistic mass media of disinformation of the United States and the countries subcontracting to it. Russia is forced to keep the powder dry. It is not profitable for Russia to strained with Europe, this is a confirmation of the construction of northern and southern gas streams to Europe that carry heat to the homes of Europeans. It is not for nothing that the United States has become so enraged to the point of threats in "fair economic competition" wink
        1. depressant
          depressant 15 May 2020 10: 50 New
          +2
          On March 2, 2020, answering a question from journalist Andrei Vandenko, Putin said: "We are not going to fight with anyone. We are going to create conditions so that no one would think to fight with us ... So that it would never occur to anyone." Putin stressed that Russia adheres to the concept of reasonable sufficiency of weapons, for which we are in 7th place.
          But there are two points.
          The first of these is gas. It is also a weapon, the Poles believe. Turn off Russia Europe gas, the Polish economy will suffer without direct invasion from our country. And who forbids them to think so?
          Second moment. The EU’s desire to get out of US control, which is indirectly facilitated by the successful (I think it will take place sooner or later) completed project, again, SP-2. Bone in the throat of the USA. Poland is a Trojan horse of Americans in the European Union, their satellite. And not one on our borders.
          And then such a thing as the sufficiency of the Russian economy to repel any aggression comes to mind, which Putin did not mention among the conditions that need to be created. The weapon is good. Weapons and a strong economy are more convincing.
          Our territory is always a temptation not only for its exploitation by outsiders, but also for direct invasion. Taking into account our weak economy, even all Balts' eyes flare up and drool drops. They are waiting for "Fas!" And the screams that we are the aggressors are a moral justification for our own fear and greedy saliva.
  3. Dmitry from Voronezh
    Dmitry from Voronezh 15 May 2020 05: 30 New
    -4
    What do we care about the Polish national security strategy? Let them write what they want there. They are not going to declare war on us, but you can write anything. After all, they need to be afraid of someone. So the military department can get better financing, what will be appropriated to officials. We need good relations between the countries, because we have nothing to share with the Poles. Again, they are still Slavs. Relatives, though not close. But, alas, the NATO country cannot be friendly to us by definition. So nothing good can be expected from them in the coming years. Even if they jerked away from Russophobia, Big Brother does not sleep and holds tight the threads of financial and military control.
    1. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 15 May 2020 06: 27 New
      +3
      the war may not be declared, but because of them it will be necessary to strengthen the grouping in that direction. which is actually happening now. and this is extra costs at least. which is not good.
      1. Basil50
        Basil50 15 May 2020 07: 23 New
        +3
        Poles openly write about their interests. It seems that the basis of Polish statehood is to find someone to sell, working out money to shit neighbors and then be sure to declare * a buyer * in the sale of Polish interests.
        In Poland, there is even a kind of pride - they take money for shitting neighbors and always shitting. Do not * throw * the customer - keep * the word *.
        Well, how else to interpret the history of Poland? After all, this has happened more than once.
        Pattern - however.
  4. Grandfather
    Grandfather 15 May 2020 05: 33 New
    0
    our country is becoming the "main threat" for Poland.
    and for whom not? Tribals, all of Europe, and even overseas ... everyone considers us an "axis of evil". We have a lot less friends .. that is, no .. at all.
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 15 May 2020 06: 15 New
      -4
      I already wrote:
      The state should ALWAYS have an enemy. And, preferably, one that you can touch with your hands, because all sorts of "world terrorism" sound unconvincing.
      The government should scare someone, write off billions for something ...
      And our leadership simply pours water on this mill with two buckets! What does it not do, what would we consider enemies of n1!
      1. Cyril G ...
        Cyril G ... 15 May 2020 08: 01 New
        +1
        And what was it supposed to continue politics in the spirit of Kozyrev and Co.?
        In my opinion, even the Soviet ancient stamp about NATO’s aggressive bloc, in the light of the ongoing roll to the east, is more than relevant.
  5. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 15 May 2020 05: 34 New
    -2
    However, at present, such potential partners prefer to be friends with the United States, since it is trite profitable.
    This is the key phrase that explains everything. Why be friends with us if it is more profitable with the USA? Before accusing, it is necessary to change the conditions so that it would be more profitable to "be friends" with us.
    1. zwlad
      zwlad 16 May 2020 21: 15 New
      0
      With such "friends" enemies are not necessary. And what kind of friends are these times friendship only for the sake of profit.
      So, travel companions, but we need such travel companions who, with the first skucher ...
      Russia has only two friends, the army and the navy, and they need to be developed. And all sorts of Poland there let them yapping.
      If the EU doesn’t fall apart in 20 years, then there will be no such state as Poland on the map, and there will even be no one to yap. They are East Germans.
  6. apro
    apro 15 May 2020 05: 54 New
    -1
    As a man in an old joke, I'm afraid of you ....
    Poland monetizes the image of the enemy of Russia ... and there is nothing more for it to offer civilized countries.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 15 May 2020 06: 27 New
      -2
      Quote: apro
      Poland monetizes the image of the enemy of Russia
      That's just nobody even gives them a discount on weapons, so-so monetization. )))
      1. apro
        apro 15 May 2020 06: 28 New
        0
        Quote: Vladimir_2U
        But no one even gives them a discount on weapons,

        And how much money did you buy in Poland?
        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 15 May 2020 06: 42 New
          -1
          Only as a member of the EU, it has nothing to do with the "Russian threat".
        2. Cyril G ...
          Cyril G ... 15 May 2020 08: 05 New
          +1
          They made an eastern EU showcase from Poland, according to rumors this year the completion of subsidies to the Polish budget. Maybe of course the owner of Poland will crush the Franco-Germans forcing to pay for his beloved wife, but we'll see ...
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U 15 May 2020 08: 57 New
            0
            I looked at a funny dok.serial about Polish scrap metal workers, there it was mentioned about the end of subsidies, it became sharply unprofitable to disassemble a car.
  7. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 15 May 2020 07: 15 New
    0
    Our country is considered one of the main threats to Polish security.
    They fixed on paper what they have been talking about for the last 20 years (before they even thought about it, but did not vote), therefore it is not surprising. But declaring Russia the main threat is the signing of the death sentence for Poland itself in the event of an armed conflict. And no Americans can save.
  8. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 15 May 2020 07: 18 New
    0
    The Poles always have two enemies - Germany and the Russian Federation .... Germany surrendered financially. Now the common enemy of the Russian Federation. The main thing is that the EU does not start playing the Third or Fourth Reich or that the next revolution does not start in the Russian Federation.
  9. Ros 56
    Ros 56 15 May 2020 08: 08 New
    +2
    I’m always wondering why the Poles are so stupid, because for so many years they have been battling with Russians and have not made any conclusions? Or are masochists by nature?
    1. awdrgy
      awdrgy 15 May 2020 10: 48 New
      0
      So I thought about it
  10. awdrgy
    awdrgy 15 May 2020 10: 54 New
    0
    Or maybe Poland wants to enter the USA? Who knows? So we believe that there is a dream of a state from sea to sea. Perhaps this is a mistake and this misunderstanding of politics
  11. iouris
    iouris 15 May 2020 11: 33 New
    0
    Poland is a bargaining chip in the geopolitics of "partners". At the same time, the Polish "elite" are dreaming about greatness, so Poland has no "national" security.
    1. Ros 56
      Ros 56 15 May 2020 11: 38 New
      0
      The most interesting thing is that it will never be with such a policy.
  12. tatra
    tatra 15 May 2020 13: 20 New
    0
    Ha, poor Russian enemies of the communists. On the one hand, for the sake of profit in their anti-Sovietism, they rush to defend the White Poles with their "breasts", staged a "Ecumenical Lament" for the executed Poles in Katyn, protect the White Poles who unleashed the Soviet-Polish war with the aim of seizing Russian territories by them during the Civil War in Russia They expose for Stalin's crime that he returned the Russian lands seized by the White Poles to our country, and on the other hand, the White Poles, protected by them, unleashed an information war against the Russian enemies of the Communists.
  13. major147
    major147 16 May 2020 14: 56 New
    +2
    The “aggression” against Georgia and Ukraine, as well as the “annexation” of Crimea violated the basic principles of international law and undermined the foundations of European security.

    And NATO's aggression against Yugoslavia and its division directly "strengthened" European security!

    It is noted that the energy sector is critical to Poland’s security. However, there are problems directly related to Russia. A significant part of Central Europe and the Balkan region receives gas and oil mainly from Russian suppliers.

    Buy those from American suppliers!

    New international projects, such as Nord Stream-2, can strengthen the dependence of European states on Russian raw materials.

    Those. Russian gas going to Europe through Ukraine reduces "dependence of European states on Russian raw materials"?
  14. zwlad
    zwlad 16 May 2020 20: 58 New
    0
    Being afraid means doing everything right!
    Well, if Europe does not need our gas. I propose to conspire with the Americans, sell gas to them, they are in Europe, profit in half
  15. ZaharoFF
    ZaharoFF 19 May 2020 09: 00 New
    0
    Moreover, the Polish document is hardly worth considering as dangerous for the two countries, although it does not bear any benefit.

    How sophisticated the author gave an assessment of this useless and stupid "document", concocted to please the owners, and, moreover, it is quite likely, including by the depth of stupidity, was drawn up by the owners themselves.