Missing. The fate of the fighters 134 gap

Missing. The fate of the fighters 134 gap



Continuing the study of the fighting for the city of Chisinau in 1941, the death of the battery of the 134th howitzer artillery regiment on the streets of the city, captured by romanian photographerstrying to understand the reasons abandonment of the cityreading bit by bit the collected information on military Chisinau, I discover unknown events and facts with which I consider it my duty to share with readers of Military Review.

Please help me find my son


A photo of a Romanian reporter and a mother’s request for a missing son connects the event on July 16, 1941 in Chisinau street.


So it is described in the Soviet memoirs:

The 9th battery was marching along the city streets and suddenly came under fire tanks the enemy. The gunners did not even have time to deploy guns for firing at tanks and were forced to use only rifles, machine guns and grenades. The battery commander, senior lieutenant Khalamendyk, hiding behind the houses, organizes a circular defense, and the battery fights in the environment for several hours.

So this event is described by Romanian historians of World War II:

On July 16, the 1st Panzer Division launched an attack on Chisinau at 3:30, approaching the city of s. West and north east. The first group entered the city at 8:30, surprising the Soviet troops in Chisinau. Near the Metropolitan Company 3 Care e Lupta, under the command of Captain Viktor Gabrinsky, eliminated the cavalry squadron and the heavy artillery battery.

A week before these events. To understand the situation on the front of Moldova in the early days of the war (opposing the German-Romanian plan for the onset of Operation Munich), it should be noted that units of the Red Army showed quite serious resistance, went on the offensive, as evidenced by the documents of the 95th Rifle Division, into which included 134 hap.


The same offensive was noted from the “other side of the barricade”:

The division commander managed to stop the retreating forces and reorganize the line of defense. In addition to the heavy casualties (as of July 15, the division had 177 killed, 2295 missing and 309 wounded), all equipment of the 63rd artillery regiment and two batteries of the 55th heavy artillery division were lost.

The worthy results of the first weeks of the war were reflected in the gratitude of the commander of the Southern Front, Army General I. Tyulenev.

Not one step back


No, this is not about the well-known order of the People's Commissariat of Defense No. 227 of 1942, where "alarmists and cowards should be exterminated on the spot."

It was an order. Major General Pastrevich, commander of the 95th Infantry Division. There were no such orders before this date.


This did not help, and the retreat began. From the memoirs of a participant in the battles of Colonel Sakharov:

July 12, the division commander gives the order to go on the defensive at a profitable line. Soon a new order arrives: to move east from line to line.

The division received from the headquarters of the corps a plan for organizing the withdrawal of troops beyond the Dniester River. For me, like for many others, it simply did not fit in my head that I would have to retreat further to the east.

But the retreat began, and on a very wide front.

Early in the morning of July 15, the division headquarters arrives in Chisinau and is located in the area of ​​the Botanical Garden. By this time, instead of General Pastrevich, who had gone to the disposal of the Military Council of the 9th Army, Colonel M.S. Sokolov, the chief of staff, took command of the 95th division, and I began to act as chief of staff of the division.

The memoirist could not give a stamped fact of why the division commander left the command, but open archives fill the gap.


It would seem that this threatened with execution: they would bare the front on their own, but Pastrevich was not shot for the unauthorized retreat. After the academy, he ended the war as a division commander.

How much this offensive was justified and thoughtful, and how much the front commander did not inform the Headquarters of the retreat, later Stalin I.V. will say in a conversation with S. Budyonny:

Komfronta Tyulenev proved insolvent. He does not know how to advance, but he also does not know how to withdraw troops. He lost two armies in a way that even regiments do not lose.

For unsuccessful operations Tyulenev was not repressed, but sent to the Urals District.

Mention of the situation preceding the capture of the capital of the MSSR is necessary, because confusion, loss of communication with the units, lack of interaction and assessment of the situation among the commanders of units and formations could not but affect the Red Army and unit commanders.

Irretrievable losses


Personnel decisions and the severity of orders did not help much, and by July 15, Chisinau was the immediate task of the Romanian-German divisions, and at that time 132 gap batteries and infantry units were retreating through the city, obeying the order to occupy new lines of defense beyond the Dniester, in Tiraspol UR.

Romanian Relations on the Execution of Operation Munich:
At 11:30 the advance of the second group was stopped by Soviet troops on the Ryshkanu hill, which were later knocked out of position by the 2nd battalion with the support of all available heavy artillery. Red Army Retreat Road to Tigin (Bender) was blocked.


Here, Romanian historians are not quite right, because the units broke through with battle and left the city until evening:
We reached Chisinau, and there the battalion commander Major Vrutsky led the regiment in the center, sitting on a white horse. Although we put up military guard, but the fighters, realizing that around the Germans were afraid to leave, were huddled to the main column.

The Germans let us into the center, and then opened heavy fire from the houses, from all sides. Major instantly flew off his horse and threw him. Leaving the wounded and killed, they began (as best they could) to leave the city. Coming out of Chisinau, they gathered again in a convoy - fifty people, the rest lay down on its streets. The major also appeared.

To break away from the pursuit (German tanks followed us), we could only because someone had guessed to send us tanks that drove them away. They went to the old border along the Dniester, completely surrendering to Bessarabia. They thought that there, in the old fortifications, we would stop them. But the Germans again broke through the defenses on the right and went behind us, and again we began to withdraw. "

(From the memoirs of the lieutenant of the 90th regiment of the 95th rifle division A. Pulyaev.)

Episodes of sudden clashes on July 16, 1941 are described in the memoirs of the chief of staff of the 95th division of Sakharov’s peninsula:
Gunners and foot soldiers together go east. The 7th battery is also fighting bravely. Turning right on the street, she opens fire direct fire at tanks and infantry of the enemy. At the most difficult moment, the 7nd battery of the 2th howitzer regiment comes to the rescue of the 134th battery. The commander of the fire platoon, senior sergeant I. B. Yermoshin, deploying guns, shoots direct fire at an enemy motorized convoy. By evening, a battery of three guns arrived in the city. Colonel Serebrov places them at the intersection of streets for firing in three directions. Somewhere nearby German tanks rumbled. And indeed, after a few minutes one tank appears from behind the turn and immediately opens machine-gun fire. Serebrov commands the guns: “Fire on the tanks!”


The reflection of memoirs is confirmed in photographs of Romanian officers made in Chisinau center the next day:




The details of the photographs show how fierce one of the fights was.

According to the lists of irretrievable losses, 6 Red Army men died that day, not buried - “left on the battlefield”.


18 were missing in the city and on its outskirts, 1 was shot. (order of the commander "Not a step back").

Missing


Everything is formally determined with the heroically dead fighters, families received a funeral, and new figures replenished the statistics of huge casualties of the Great Patriotic War.

But what happened to the missing? The war went on for less than a month, everything has changed, the situation, values, life. Everything has changed to "before" and "after." Yesterday's peaceful people were hardly aware of the seriousness of the situation and understood what was happening. Many commanders, military personnel at this stage were not always able to give an account of their actions and orders, stepping over the edge of peacetime exercises and real military operations. This is not a topic for speculative conclusions and issuing a “verdict” to the soldiers of that time from today. This is a given that must be understood when studying those events.

What happened to the fighters? Deserted, taken prisoner, behind their retreats, died or abandoned, shot during capture?

Everything could be.

In Chisinau, a raid was organized in the morning of July 17, accompanied by a check of documents, general searches, beatings of residents and robbery. According to the Romanian authorities, the raid resulted in a pogrom that lasted 8-10 days. In revenge for the losses suffered in the night battle, 160 men captured in the central quarters of the city, soldiers of the 72nd Wehrmacht Infantry Division shot in the courtyard of the Italian Consulate.

(ON RM. F. 680, Op. 1 LL 10,11 Unirea. 1941 23 iulie.)

In the list of missing people in the battles for the city there were three fighters, a resident of Chisinau, and it was suggested that they could get out after the battle with their comrades, “leave the yards”, hide from the raid and avoid capture. In war, miracles happen that go against the dry statistics of combat reports.

In order to establish more fully the outcome of the events of that battle, to try to clarify the fate of the missing fighters, possible databases were used (including the Immortal hut, well, you never know, maybe they were repressed as traitors, but no).

The search was successful.

Unfortunately, the request of the mother of Lieutenant Okoryachenko Mikhail Mikhailovich, published at the beginning of the article, could not be found other than the official one.

Of the missing fighters of the destroyed battery, 134 gap managed to find these people:

Tkachev Alexander Vasilievich. 24.05.1915 Place of birth - Moldavian SSR, Chisinau. Captive Date 17.07.1941/2/XNUMX. The place of capture is Chisinau, camp XNUMX Khomorod.
Bushkov Ivan Ivanovich. 03.07.1921/139565/XNUMX. Place of birth - Kirov region The place of capture - Chisinau, Camp Stalag X B. Camp number XNUMX.
Loshkan Porfiry Lavrentievich. 1912. Place of birth - Moldavian SSR, Rybnitsky district. Captive in two days 18.07.41/7/XNUMX. Camp: XNUMX Balti.
Petrovsky Leon Ivanovich. B. 1909 Kirovograd region. He remained in the occupied territory, drafted in 1944, died in battle in 1944.


Met Victory:

Yuzenko Ivan Prokofievich. 1920. Place of birth - Ukrainian SSR, Vinnitsa region, was captured and released in 1944. Last place of service: 235 arm. app. cn
Tsaran Philip Nikiforovich. B. 1912 Place of birth - Moldavian SSR, Rybnitsky district. He remained in the occupied territory, again drafted in 44, was awarded the medal "For Courage" for the battles in Austria.
Reshetnyuk Ivan Siliverstovich. B. 1920 Place of birth - Ukrainian SSR, Vinnitsa region Scout. Captured after three weeks on 06.08.1941/22.11.1944/28.05.1945, the camp of Bolgrad. Released XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX. He fought. XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX - Order of the Red Star.
Savenko Joseph Semenovich. 1909. Place of birth - Ukrainian SSR, Kirovograd region, no information about the capture, in 1942 he was in active units, wounded. In 1944 he was awarded the medal "For Courage".


That's it.

The idea that a lot of material has been written with seemingly unnecessary details and third-party descriptions, and all in order to lay out the discovered names and names of the soldiers who took the fight in Chisinau, listed in the reports as missing, do not let me go.

Perhaps this is right, arguing before the reader, to share with him the opportunity to understand the causes and consequences of just one small episode and attempts to find out the fate of missing people.

Just one episode for two dozen soldiers of the same regiment on a vast territory from the Black to the White Sea, just one day of the war. How many such forgotten or unknown episodes were in the war, where people were killed, breaking destinies and betraying oblivion? Hundreds and hundreds of thousands ...

One unknown event was less, and the list of lost in stories after 70 years, someone reads the names of the fighters again. It was worth looking for.

Epilogue


The path of the artillerymen of the 134th regiment, air strikes, deserters, retreats under fire, direct guidance of 152 mm howitzers on the enemy infantry, the defeat of two batteries near Chisinau was difficult. The list of losses traces all the way through Moldova, and then the defense of Odessa, the evacuation and heroic defense of Sevastopol.


On the 16th kilometer of Simferopol highway, a howitzer stands on a monument - a nominal monument to the soldiers of the 134th howitzer artillery regiment.

Ahead - Victory, woven from thousands of episodes and paid for by millions of lives.

Forum materials used oldchisinau.com and search databases: https://pamyat-naroda.ru https://obd-memorial.ru http://podvignaroda.ru.
Author:
Photos used:
http://oldchisinau.com
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  1. Alexander Suvorov 8 May 2020 10: 19 New
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    +33
    Yes, it was hard for us to start a war. My grandfather began it on 22.06.1941/122/19 at four in the morning in Belarus, commander of a battery of XNUMX mm A guns. As I remember now, he told how they jumped out of the windows of the second floor of the barracks in the same pants. As they retreated, as if not possible, for lack of transport, to evacuate the guns removed sights and locks from them. Moreover, he spoke even with some kind of humor about the worst time, did not escalate the atmosphere, but rather tried to somehow defuse it. And then there was everything. The artillery of the reserve of the Supreme High Command was thrown into the most dangerous areas. There was a battle for Moscow, then upgrading courses, then Stalingrad, forcing the Seversky Donets (where he was wounded for the first time), Kursk Duga, operation Bagration, the liberation of Poland (where for the second time forcing the Oder it was wounded) and finally Berlin.
    Here is a photo with his autograph at the back: As a keepsake to all relatives from Korney from mean and worthless Germany 9.4.45.
    Eternal memory to them and eternal glory to the Victors!
    1. aakvit 8 May 2020 12: 59 New
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      +20
      And my grandfather died on 22.06.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX near Bialystok. Also an artillery officer ...
      Eternal memory and eternal glory to them, our grandfathers who died and conquered!
      1. Alexander Suvorov 8 May 2020 13: 36 New
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        aakvit (Andrey)
        And my grandfather died on 22.06.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX near Bialystok.

        Everlasting memory!
        ETERNAL MEMORY TO ALL !!! To those who died on the first day of the war, to everyone who defended their homeland with honor, to all who died in boilers, broke through from encirclements, fought in partisans, forged Victory in the rear, stood at machine tools in 20-30 degrees of frost, malnourished, starving, tortured to death camps burnt alive in Khatyn and thousands of other cities and towns, ALL AND DEAD AND LIVING !!!

        Look at my fighters
        The whole world remembers them in the face
        Here the battalion froze in the ranks
        I recognize old friends again
        Though they are not twenty five
        The hard way they had to go
        These are those who rose in hostility as one
        Those who took Berlin

        There is no such family in Russia
        Wherever your hero was remembered ...
      2. Olgovich 8 May 2020 15: 54 New
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        Quote: aakvit
        And my grandfather died on 22.06.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX near Bialystok.

        My just from chisinau , about the fight in which the article, and volunteered for the front in June 1941.

        He had a surprisingly happy and rare fate, having passed Odessa. Rostov. Caucasus he came back to Chisinau and Set him free!
        where he was demobilized due to injury and remained to restore it.

        Auto RU-many thanks and appreciation hi for the article and for the work done to clarify the fate of our soldiers, who took the battle in the streets of my native Chisinau.

        a group of young Chisinau residents aged 15-18 who lived on my street in the center of Chisinau organized an underground group in August 1941. They did little, because of inexperience they quickly got caught and were brutally killed by the invaders.
        Every May 9, we begin laying flowers at their mass grave, where neighbors and relatives come.
        1. Alexander Suvorov 8 May 2020 17: 43 New
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          Olgovich (Andrey)
          Every May 9, we begin laying flowers at their mass grave, where neighbors and relatives come.
          Excuse me, what does the bulkhrust and the inveterate Soviet-hater olgovich have to do with the Victory of the USSR?
          What right do you have, despising the memory of your ancestors, who fought under the red flag that you hate, to remember and cling to OUR Victory? Do not stain our Memory with your dirty bunny hands!
          Yours were on Hitler's side, so there is no need to cling to our Victory here.
          1. Olgovich 8 May 2020 22: 28 New
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            -4
            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            Sorry, and what relation does the bulcochrust and the inveterate Soviet-hater olgovich have to the Victory of the USSR?

            1. I do not forgive. for-
            "How do you submit a petition to the king, ?!" (WITH) lol

            2. Macedonian, this does not understand ....request

            Napoleons need to be treated for a long time yes
            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            What right do you have despised the memory of your ancestors who fought under the red flag that you hate, to remember and cling to OUR Victory?
            you-whoTo yell, demand, ask, judge, decide, indicate and so forth? belay lol

            yes just -none for this, do not forget about it, "despised ... ancestors." belay lol laughing Russian is not native, right?

            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            Do not stain our Memory with your dirty bunny hands!
            Yours were on Hitler's side, so do not stick here our Victory.

            Hysteria and click home at home in front of his wife, and not in a public place, the protector of Memory and Victory lol . Who gave you the right to speak on behalf of all,but? belay fool lol

            see paragraph 2 and come back lol "suvorov" lol to your colleagues :. yes
            You don’t have to do anything, ”the brother-in-law explained,“ you just have to shout to everyone and everyone in the ears: “I am Napoleon!"Or"I am Emil Zola!". Or Mohammed, if you want!

            “Can I be the Viceroy of India?” Asked Berlag gullibly.

            - You can, you can! So the Viceroy of India?

            Shurin ran to the pay phone to call the carriage, and the new Viceroy of India took off his sweatshirt, tore apart his madapolam shirt and, just in case, poured a bottle of the best 1st-class copy iron-gallus ink on his head. Then he lay on his stomach on the floor and, having waited, began to shout:

            - I'm no more than viceroy of india! Where are my faithful naibs, maharajas, my abreks, my kunaki, my elephants?

            lol laughing
            1. Alexander Suvorov 8 May 2020 22: 33 New
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              Olgovich (Andrey)
              "How do you submit a petition to the king, ?!" (C) lol
              Do not flatter yourself, come closer ... laughing Although no, stay away, otherwise it stinks.
              Hysteria and click home at home in front of the wife, and not in a public place, the stalker of Memory and Victory lol. Who gave you the right to speak on behalf of everyone, eh?
              Hrustobulki in no way have anything to do with OUR VICTORY! VICTORY OF THE SOVIET people over fascist Germany, so close your mouth opening, you are in no way related to OUR VICTORY!
              1. Olgovich 8 May 2020 22: 40 New
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                Quote: Alexander Suvorov
                Do not flatter yourself, come closer ... Although no, stay away, or it stinks.
                Bravo! good

                Quote: Alexander Suvorov
                Hrustobulki in no way have anything to do with OUR VICTORY! VICTORY OF THE SOVIET people over Nazi Germany, so close his mouth opening, you are in no way related to OUR VICTORY!

                Shooter? yes lol

                You are on a DECENT website, on the eve of the Holiday, and HOW do you behave?

                a disgrace .... negative

                Go to rest ... yes
              2. Alexander Greene 8 May 2020 23: 04 New
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                +2
                Quote: Alexander Suvorov
                Hrustobulki in no way have anything to do with OUR VICTORY! VICTORY OF THE SOVIET people over fascist Germany,

                His grandfather must have really fought, but I think that if he knew. what grandson he would grow up, he would have strangled him in the cradle.
      3. Cyril G ... 9 May 2020 21: 51 New
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        My grandfathers both died. Grandma refused to talk about the war at all. "You do not need this granddaughter" C.

        Eternal memory to those who died for their homeland!
  2. Pane Kohanku 8 May 2020 10: 44 New
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    One unknown event was less, and someone reads the list of names of soldiers lost in history after 70 years. It was worth looking for.

    You said it right. soldier About the work that you have done is simply aerobatics. Bravo!
    In the city of Kingisepp, Leningrad Region, a 122-mm howitzer of the 1910/30 model stands on a pedestal. The tablet says that the old howitzer participated in the battles there in 1941. That's just why they are painted in such a color ... what
  3. irontom 8 May 2020 14: 11 New
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    I will be brief - Thank you.
  4. vladcub 8 May 2020 17: 13 New
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    "Komfronta Tyulenev was not wealthy," but how many such "Tyulenevs" were among the commanders from the army to the company.
    The commander of the 35th corps hopes that 95 sd takes the appointed line, and the commander occupies the other line.
    Naturally, in such conditions there will be big losses
  5. vladcub 8 May 2020 17: 33 New
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    “Tyulenev was not repressed for unsuccessful operations, but sent to the Ural Military District” how could it be, after all, “faithful Leninist” Khrushchev said that Stalin and Beria were shot in two packs. Probably, they had run out of ammunition? Or maybe “healthy party forces "fantasized?
  6. Vadyoryushnik 11 May 2020 19: 35 New
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    A lot and painstaking work was done when writing this material - respect to the author! Thanks to such people, many gaps in History are filled with reliable facts ... Thanks for the article! I read it with great interest! Yours faithfully!
  7. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 12 May 2020 21: 47 New
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    The article is super! Thank! I read it with great interest. I read the list of guys, yes, different fates, it is a pity, but without their death there would not be a Great Victory! By the way, our uncle went missing in October 1941 near Moscow in the division of the people's militia, and only recently we learned about him - he died. And so was "missing ...
    Eternal glory to all the soldiers and officers of the Red Army! Happy Victory Day !!!
  8. Dmitry V. 18 May 2020 11: 18 New
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    Thank you, one hundred reveal the fate of the fighters.
    Unknown tragedies of war.

    My grandfather was appointed autorota political instructor - went missing in the Baltic states in July 1941.
    I can not find his tracks in the archives.

    They didn’t take political officers - they shot on the spot ...