Military Review

S-400: why are Russian air defense systems for Iraq and what hinders the conclusion of a deal

18

The Iraqi authorities are considering the possibility of acquiring S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems from Russia. This was announced immediately by a number of Russian and foreign media. However, the deal has not yet been concluded.


The desire of the Iraqi leadership to acquire modern air defense systems is associated with the need to improve the country's air defense system. At one time, Iraq was one of the main buyers of Soviet weapons: the late Saddam Hussein took care to equip his army with the most effective weapons and he didn’t skimp on military expenses.

The overthrow of Saddam Hussein as a result of the US-Iraq war for many years turned Iraq into a country controlled by the United States. However, now the Iraqi leadership is increasingly striving to designate the sovereignty of its country. One of the best evidence of this will be the diversification of arms supply channels, as stated by the representative of the Iraqi Parliament’s Committee on Security and Defense Badr al-Ziyadi.

According to the Iraqi politician, the country cannot focus solely on the development of relations with the West, it needs to cooperate with the “eastern camp”, by which Ziyadi, apparently, understands both Russia and China. However, the very need to acquire the S-400 air defense system raises questions. Indeed, now an impressive contingent of American troops is deployed in Iraq.

A few days ago, the whole world spread information: the United States began to transfer Patriot air defense systems to Iraq. The Americans are going to place them at the Ain al-Assad military base in Anbar province. The head of the Central Command of the US Armed Forces, General Kenneth Mackenzie, bluntly stated that the Patriot would be deployed to Iraq with the aim of intercepting Iranian missiles if they could be launched at US military facilities or oil fields in the Persian Gulf. But in Iraq they say that the Americans were not given permission to deploy the air defense systems on their territory. Thus, Baghdad does not really trust the American air defense systems in Baghdad, hence the idea of ​​acquiring the S-400 air defense system.

Russian anti-aircraft missile systems attract Iraqis not only for their technical characteristics. The Iraqi military noted that the S-400 air defense regiment is actually a self-sufficient unit and is capable of independently performing tasks to protect the country's airspace.

Probably, the acquisition of S-400 by its neighbor Turkey served as an example for Iraq. Baghdad, as you know, has far from the best relations with Ankara. It is possible that it is against the Turkish aviation Iraqi leadership and expects to use the S-400. After all, Iraq, like any other country, needs to be prepared to defend its borders. Moreover, Turkish aviation often violates the air borders of Iraq, striking at targets of Kurdish armed forces.

Who today, besides Turkey, threatens the borders of Iraq?



The IG (banned in Russia) and other radical aviation groups, against which the S-400 could be used, do not. Relations with Syria are quite neutral. But if we talk about Turkey, it is here that we need our own air defense systems. After all, the Americans are unlikely to defend Iraqi territories from their NATO ally, and Turkey, as already noted, has repeatedly violated and continues to violate the territorial integrity of Iraq, including by invading its airspace.

By the way, the American side was already worried about the possible purchase of the S-400. US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Middle East Affairs Joey Hood did not fail to warn the Iraqi leadership about the possible consequences of acquiring anti-aircraft missile systems from Russia. The fact that the United States, as well as Israel, are trying to force Baghdad to abandon the idea of ​​buying the S-400, was also mentioned by Ziyadi, who we quoted above.

But the US position, according to the Iraqi politician, will not become an obstacle for Iraq to develop military-technical cooperation with Russia, China and other countries. Moreover, if, in accordance with the plan of Donald Trump, the American troops nevertheless leave Iraq, then the country will lose even the little benefit that it received from the American military presence. After all, US troops on Iraqi territory served as a kind of guarantee against aggression by neighbors.

However, talking about a real contract for the purchase of S-400 is still premature. Baghdad has too much pro-American lobby, and the Iraqi authorities, unlike Recep Erdogan, do not feel so confident as to go against Washington.

Finally, one should not forget that Iraq, unlike Turkey, is a much less stable country and American troops are on its territory. It is possible that the S-400 air defense missile system will fall into the hands of both Americans - for their own purposes, and terrorists - in this case, the consequences can be very unpredictable. Therefore, it is not a fact that Russia, despite its obvious financial gain, will agree with Iraq if the latter declares its readiness to sign the contract.
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 7 May 2020 10: 25 New
    -1
    Yes, I want to, but my mother doesn’t order it. The news is not about anything. Everyone wants a S-400. request
    1. Victor_B
      Victor_B 7 May 2020 10: 35 New
      0
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      Everyone wants a S-400.

      Want is not harmful!
      It’s interesting for me - when and from whom will the Americans get full access to the S-400?
      Well, about the degree of castration, we also do not know.
      Erdogan will die and the course will change again friendship with the Americans.
      About the S-300, here the Israelis regularly train in Greece.
      1. Doccor18
        Doccor18 7 May 2020 10: 46 New
        +3
        It looks like export systems
        not quite the same as in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Must be
        they are more "stripped down" in terms of capabilities.
  2. Radikal
    Radikal 7 May 2020 10: 27 New
    +3
    Finally, do not forget that Iraq, unlike Turkey, is a much less stable country and American troops are on its territory
    Strange logic - Turkey, unlike Iraq, is a member of NATO, and on its territory there are also American military bases .... sad
  3. lisiy prapor
    lisiy prapor 7 May 2020 10: 40 New
    -4
    The conclusion of the deal is hindered by the accounts of "our ilita" in US banks and real estate in the continent of North America.
  4. Sergei 777
    Sergei 777 7 May 2020 10: 42 New
    +1
    Wangyu: in about 5 years after delivery to Iraq, part of the complex will be in the United States at the training ground. And the US Air Force will work out counteractions to it. Well, or all the same only in Iraq.
    1. strelokmira
      strelokmira 7 May 2020 15: 50 New
      +2
      Wangyu: 5 years after delivery to Iraq, part of the complex will be in the USA at the training ground

      Why do they need Iraqi in 5 years, if they already have Turkish at the landfills?
  5. knn54
    knn54 7 May 2020 10: 47 New
    +1
    At the beginning of the year, Igor Korotchenko, member of the Public Council at the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. stated:
    "Iraq is a partner of Russia in the field of military-technical cooperation, and the Russian Federation can supply the necessary funds to ensure the country's sovereignty and reliable protection of the airspace, including the supply of S-400 missiles and other components of the air defense complex, such as Buk-M3, Tor -M2 "and so on".
    There is political instability in the country. The availability of money is also in doubt.
    But Iran should think, an interesting scheme is looming.
    And why don't the Americans want to sell the Patriot to Iraq?
    1. alone
      alone 7 May 2020 12: 03 New
      +3
      Quote: knn54
      And why don't the Americans want to sell the Patriot to Iraq?

      You yourself answered your own question ... Political instability is the main reason.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 7 May 2020 12: 36 New
        +1
        Turkey is stable. But the Patriots don't want to sell them either.
        1. alone
          alone 7 May 2020 12: 56 New
          +1
          Quote: Spade
          Turkey is stable. But the Patriots don't want to sell them either.

          Everything is clear with Turkey .. There Erdogan and his policy towards Europe and the USA .. And still the Turks want to establish production of Patrites at home .. And this is not weather-resistant the USA
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov 7 May 2020 13: 11 New
            +1
            Quote: lonely
            There Erdogan and his policy towards Europe and the USA.

            2012 year.
            It was then that Turkey announced that it urgently needed a Patriot-type air defense system
            1. alone
              alone 7 May 2020 13: 18 New
              +2
              Quote: Spade
              2012 year.
              It was then that Turkey announced that it urgently needed a Patriot-type air defense system

              That's right .. But before that Erdogan had already quarreled with Israel, Europe .. By the way, in order to somehow settle this problem in Turkey, the Patriots of Germany and the Netherlands were deployed .. And then the disagreements began to grow and the peak of aggravation was the failed coup .. The Germans with the Dutch "politely "asked to leave.
    2. CSKA
      CSKA 8 May 2020 11: 31 New
      +1
      Quote: knn54
      There is political instability in the country. The availability of money is also in doubt.

      They have the money, enough for one maximum two regiments.
      Quote: knn54
      But Iran should think, an interesting scheme is looming.
      And why don't the Americans want to sell the Patriot to Iraq?

      It seems to me that they just don’t want to sell because the Shiites in power have very good relations with Iran.
  6. Roman1970_1
    Roman1970_1 7 May 2020 12: 45 New
    +2
    The fact that the United States, as well as Israel, are trying to force Baghdad to abandon the idea of ​​buying the S-400, was also mentioned by Ziyadi, who we quoted above.

    And why is Israel affttor vtulit here. How can Israel influence Iraq?
    No relationship, no relationship.
  7. Ros 56
    Ros 56 7 May 2020 12: 55 New
    +1
    Yes, it’s clear why not to get striped and their company.
  8. Iris
    Iris 7 May 2020 14: 49 New
    0
    The most semantic part of the article is its last paragraph. Iraq is a country entirely consisting of zones of interests of heterogeneous armed clans, the state integrity of which exists only on the map. Their main and most difficult task is to consolidate society in order to at least begin to restore the economy in a shaky world. They have nothing to pay for modern weapons. And even if you put it on "lease", which has become fashionable recently, then there are no guarantees that with the next sudden change of power this weapon will not fall into the hands of "figures" far from the state interests. Of course, the S-400 is not an RPG, you can't launch your right finger, but the very possibility of a modern system getting to third parties can have extremely undesirable consequences.
  9. Tuzik
    Tuzik 7 May 2020 15: 29 New
    0
    so Iraq seems to be under the occupation of minke whales, they need air defense at all unnecessarily