Military Review

Russian seaports: problems with competitiveness

61

Among the many paradoxes that one encounters when comparing the potential of our country and the realities of its current economic development, there is one such thing: with the longest coastline in the world, Russia, alas, is not at all a port power No. 1. Why is this happening, is it possible to change position and what is needed for this?


We have to admit: having at the moment in our own register of 67 seaports alone, our country is in many ways lagging behind not only states in which their development is a centuries-old tradition and the basis of prosperity, but also from many “young and early” competitors who began to develop their own port infrastructure not so long ago. The competitiveness of our seaports is a problem.

Perhaps the standard here can be considered the ports of Southeast Asia and, above all, China. For some decade, Southeast Asian countries not only made a real breakthrough, but also pushed the previously recognized leaders to the lower positions of the corresponding ratings.

In 2012, for example, in the field of container transportation, the world famous Rotterdam was in 6th place, losing to Shanghai, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Busan. Still - after all, the same Shanghai port since 2000 has increased its cargo turnover by almost 7 times! There is something to learn from the Chinese comrades who, in a couple of decades, almost from scratch, created a number of ports of such a level that they own 8 out of 10 positions in the list of the largest "sea gates" of the world! The whole point here was in the global and long-term strategy adopted at the end of the last century at the state level and rigorously implemented.

This is not to say that things are so bad with us in this matter. However, this year the implementation of the federal target program "Development of the transport system of Russia", designed for 2010-2020, should be completed. Let's be honest: it has not yet brought any qualitative breakthrough. Last year, in one of his interviews, the general director of FSUE “Rosmorport” Andrei Lavrishchev said that the country “has a task to turn its ports into modern harbors”. From this alone, it can be concluded that at the present stage of their development, so far, alas, they cannot.

The work is underway. For example, within the framework of the Comprehensive Plan for the Modernization and Expansion of the Main Infrastructure, by 2025, the production capacity of Russian ports for cargo transshipment should increase to more than 1,3 billion tons. However, it should be remembered that the modern "sea gate", which "all flags" will really strive for, is far from the number of berths and the carrying capacity of cranes. The port itself does not mean much without the accompanying infrastructure — suitable high-capacity automobile and railway highways, relevant logistics hubs, complexes and terminals for cargo handling and storage.



No less important is the issue of safety of navigation in the harbors themselves and when approaching them. Modern merchant ships are growing in size and draft, requiring port owners to make substantial investments in the appropriate modernization of both their water area and access channels to it. Dredging, arranging and creating appropriate berths and hydraulic structures is not cheap. Our country has every chance of extracting huge profits from its own geographical position, but you need to spend money on this.

What causes some concern is the focus of Russian ports on transshipment of, above all, domestic raw materials exports, the main place in which, as before, is occupied by energy carriers. In 2018, the volume of foreign trade of our country increased by more than a quarter, respectively, increased cargo turnover of the harbors, their profits and the ability to invest in improvement and modernization. However, we should not forget that the positive dynamics of that period was due primarily to rising energy prices on world markets. Today, the reverse process is evident - the price of oil tends to almost zero. When the situation normalizes, it's hard to say. Without a doubt, this situation will not contribute to the development of domestic ports. So, the issue of port diversification, their focus on increasing the percentage of transshipment of goods not related to oil and gas, is important.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that great prospects for this sector of the Russian transport industry lie in the areas of further development of the Northern Sea Route, the development of its infrastructure and the creation of transport corridors and logistics chains that can create real competition. The “flags” of all trading powers may well become frequent and welcome guests in the ports of Russia - if only they really will be ports that meet the increasing requirements and demands of the “mariners”.
Author:
Photos used:
Murmansk Commercial Sea Port, Wikipedia / Port of Murmansk
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  1. knn54
    knn54 5 May 2020 09: 43 New
    12
    "In all countries, railways are used for movement, and in our country, moreover, for theft."
    M.E Saltykov-Shchedrin.
    In this case, about the investment.
  2. gabonskijfront
    gabonskijfront 5 May 2020 09: 53 New
    19
    Well, my Kaliningrad will never become a trading port, Lithuanians use tariffs to drag all traffic to Klaipeda. With the union, we specialized in fishing, fished around the world, the Kaliningrad trawl fleet had bases in Valparaiso, Santa Cruz, Halifax, and whales were beaten near Antarctica. When whalers returned all the whores of the Soviet Union flocked to the city. A real sailor is a fisherman, on CPME for half a year without calls, you watch a fish watch, and a merchant is a pleasure fleet.
    1. lucul
      lucul 5 May 2020 10: 24 New
      +4
      Well, my Kaliningrad will never become a trading port, Lithuanians tariffs drag all traffic to Klaipeda.

      If my memory serves me, then ALL US and EU maritime trade goes with us ONLY through Baltic seaports. And all these ports take the inevitable bribe for their use. The turnover is decent, and this bribe is enough for Lithuania / Latvia / Estonia to maintain pants.
      Moreover, the West is far from being fools, and when concluding contracts, a prerequisite is unloading in the Baltic ports.
      This should be avoided in any way, and if possible redirect freight flows to the growing ports (Ust-Luga, etc.).
      1. Victorio
        Victorio 5 May 2020 12: 41 New
        +3
        Quote: lucul
        and this bribe is quite enough for Lithuania / Latvia / Estonia to maintain the pants.

        ===
        these volumes are long gone. https://www.rubaltic.ru/article/ekonomika-i-biznes/17092019-posledniy-rossiyskiy-tranzit-ukhodit-pribaltike-pora-pristraivat-bezrabotnykh/
    2. Kisa
      Kisa 6 May 2020 03: 13 New
      +2
      handsome keep five. there was always trash between fishermen and traders)))
      about the article we go to Vanino - are there three border guards in the artel? Yes, the mouse hanged. let's take a look ... they took away a bag of lavrushka ...
      and who is stopping you from border charges pilotage anchoring ... make it adequate - 3 thousand like in Nigeria Lagos ... my mother works for me in the trading port instead of 4 dockers shifts (10 years ago) I left one on call. the trading port has died. fishing port. container berth. oil port breathes a little ... this is a find. and yes I’m talking with Kaliningdad, the whole fishing industry has died
    3. GTYCBJYTH2021
      GTYCBJYTH2021 7 May 2020 11: 20 New
      +3
      Fisherman twice sailor !!!! And you need to catch the fish, and not drown ..... P.-Kamchatka Ocean Fishing Base (BOR) 1986-1992 ......
  3. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 5 May 2020 09: 55 New
    +3
    Ports are an important part of ensuring the independent development of the country's economy from the political intrigues of neighbors and partners ... they certainly need to be developed ... like the entire transport structure ...
    1. 210ox
      210ox 5 May 2020 14: 56 New
      +4
      I would add is an indicator of the level of economy and industry. Sample Southeast Asian countries
  4. ZaharoFF
    ZaharoFF 5 May 2020 10: 01 New
    0
    In conclusion, it is worth noting that great prospects for this sector of the Russian transport sector lie in the areas of further development of the Northern Sea Route, the development of its infrastructure and the creation of transport corridors and logistics chains that can create real competition

    This is precisely why "the world's longest coastline". Without the Northern Sea Route and its development, there will be no sea power. And 67 seaports in the register is a completely different problem and has, at present, a very distant relationship to the development of the port economy. hi
    1. Avior
      Avior 5 May 2020 11: 22 New
      +6
      The Northern Sea Route needs commercial cargo transportation, and not just the Northern delivery.
      1. ZaharoFF
        ZaharoFF 5 May 2020 11: 49 New
        +2
        Right. We need infrastructure, without which neither Northern delivery, nor commercial freight transportation is possible. Nothing without infrastructure is impossible, and this, quite rightly, is indicated at the end of the article by the author.
        1. Avior
          Avior 5 May 2020 11: 52 New
          +3
          Commercial transportation is impossible without commercial cargo in the first place.
          No infrastructure can replace them.
          The most well-arranged port without cargo will be unprofitable
          1. ZaharoFF
            ZaharoFF 5 May 2020 11: 54 New
            -3
            Well, the sky is blue, over. Snow is white, warm in summer and cold in winter. You can still continue.
        2. Nyrobsky
          Nyrobsky 5 May 2020 12: 28 New
          +4
          At the beginning of this year, at the government level, two projects were approved for the construction of two branches of the railway through the Komi territory to Arkhangelsk "Belkomur" (White Sea, Komi, Ural) from Solikamsk through Syktyvkar - Mikun - Vendinga station - Arkhangelsk and the second section on Naryan-Mar from the city of Sosnogorsk - Ust-Tsilma-Naryan-Mar, for the development of port infrastructure as part of the development of the Northern Sea Route. So little by little, but things are moving in this direction.
          1. ZaharoFF
            ZaharoFF 5 May 2020 12: 33 New
            +2
            Let's hope that everything works out
          2. Marine engineer
            Marine engineer 5 May 2020 15: 16 New
            +3
            Promptly. And 25 years not past the moment of the appearance of the Belkomur project. Our ministers quickly think.
            1. Nyrobsky
              Nyrobsky 5 May 2020 16: 24 New
              +4
              Quote: Marine engineer
              Promptly. And 25 years not past the moment of the appearance of the Belkomur project. Our ministers quickly think.

              It is what it is. But apparently it so happened that now they and "the cock pecked and thunder struck" tk. all and sundry began to look to the North, even those who did not really need it 25 years ago.
  5. VicktorVR
    VicktorVR 5 May 2020 10: 13 New
    +5
    at the longest coastline in the world

    And if you look at the map, then where is most of this sea coast? "Very far away" to put it mildly.
    And the same China with its coast is much more favorable for ports and trade.
    Another thing is that it is necessary to develop the existing one. And the fact that Asia does not carry its goods on Russian Railways is generally a shame.

    But it’s necessary to work, responsibility to bear. They do not know how to steal on development, alright even steal on stagnation, and not on degradation, as in the neighbors.
  6. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 5 May 2020 10: 15 New
    11
    Perhaps for the author it will be a discovery, but the cargo turnover of the ports, if they are not transit, depends on the economy of the country. Let's compare the economies of China, the European Union and ...., but does it make sense?
    1. ccsr
      ccsr 5 May 2020 13: 07 New
      +2
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      Perhaps for the author it will be a discovery, but the cargo turnover of the ports, if they are not transit, depends on the economy of the country. Let's compare the economies of China, the European Union and ...., but does it make sense?

      Indeed, before ringing the bells, one must look at the calendar. When Russia reaches the level of the Chinese economy by at least a third or a quarter, then it will be possible to seriously compare the cargo turnover of our ports with those of China or Europe. Even if we make the coolest ports in the world, it is not a fact that through them the cargo turnover will sharply increase. So far, we now have one prospect for international shipping - this is the Northern Sea Route, and the number of our ports in our economy is not at all an indicator for serious Western investments in this area. So, as it was said in one famous toast - "Let's drink to ensure that our capabilities coincide with our desires."
  7. rocket757
    rocket757 5 May 2020 10: 27 New
    0
    All that needs to be developed comprehensively, harmoniously !!! in close connection with the development of the entire economy of the country!
  8. Snail N9
    Snail N9 5 May 2020 10: 32 New
    12
    I spoke with the sailors, they unanimously say that the main problem of Russian ports is the huge fiscal burden, very high port dues and expensive berth rent. A call to a Russian port is several times more expensive than to a port, for example, in Norway. Not to mention the rushed onto the ship, when entering, various checking authorities, which are joined by the slow and cumbersome work of the port authorities - "cleaning" the ship sometimes takes several days, in contrast to several hours "in the west." I don't know how true this is, I am writing from words.
    1. Aag
      Aag 8 May 2020 14: 29 New
      +1
      I heard the same thing from my friends.
  9. dgonni
    dgonni 5 May 2020 10: 45 New
    +2
    What kind of export, imports and ports, and such a need for them! No wonder. So while raw materials will be the basis of trade, nothing will change. Well, Russia does not release exported competitive products in such quantities and volumes that there would be a need for a sharp increase in the size of ports and with port infrastructure.
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 5 May 2020 11: 16 New
      +3
      Well, for example, he himself saw how ships loaded with containers with different goods and equipment come to us, even cement is transported from Turkey, but only scrap metal is loaded from us, sulfur, apatite, wheat, wood, and oil, everything, that is, only raw materials . It’s even amazing where so many empty containers go then — let them go back empty.
  10. Doccor18
    Doccor18 5 May 2020 10: 48 New
    +4
    Ports, Railways and
    autobahns are not a stall.
    They won’t pay off in five years. Transport infrastructure
    can develop only when
    long-term strategy and assistance
    state. The state as an investor should attract
    domestic and foreign companies with ease of service, low
    tariffs and iron order.
    Yes - it is expensive, unprofitable, and at first, perhaps unprofitable.
    But there is no other way. Not one
    private company will not invest billions
    dollars of investment in the port if
    no confidence in 100% work
    20-30 years in advance. Who now
    can such guarantees give?
  11. Maks1995
    Maks1995 5 May 2020 10: 59 New
    +2
    Absolutely right. Port load depends on 1) the convenience of ports for logistics 2) the economy and logistics of the country.
    And with this we have some garbage ... GDP is growing a little, but the real economy is almost there, even officially ...
    1. Edward Vashchenko
      Edward Vashchenko 5 May 2020 11: 43 New
      +4
      That's right!
      Everyone who writes about an integrated approach to the development of ports, ports themselves do not exist. Of course, at the World Cup, for example, the Russian Federation has Crimean ports, but they are completely blocked by sanctions, so there is a huge load on Novorossiysk.
      But in general, you can talk about ports only in the context of economic development, and by the way, GDP does not grow anywhere, but constantly falls, especially if you do not compare variable data, such as 1999 to 2019, but absolute data: the share of the RF GDP in world GDP, here quite sad: 16-19% in the USSR in 1990 (according to various estimates) and about 1,7% in the Russian Federation in 2019, this year it will fall extremely seriously, exactly closer to 1%.
    2. CSKA
      CSKA 5 May 2020 15: 29 New
      0
      Quote: Max1995
      And with this we have some garbage ... GDP is growing a little, but the real economy is almost there, even officially ...

      Are you sure you know the meaning of the term "real economy"? Probably not if you write such nonsense.
      1. Maks1995
        Maks1995 5 May 2020 23: 37 New
        +2
        No matter how you rephrase it, don’t name it, and even Putin almost every year on TV is surprised that industry is marking time ....
        1. CSKA
          CSKA 6 May 2020 12: 25 New
          +1
          Quote: Max1995
          No matter how you rephrase it, don’t name it, and even Putin almost every year on TV is surprised that industry is marking time ....

          When did he say that? I am even sure that he would not use the word "marking time" given that our country ranks 1st in Europe and 6th in the world in terms of industrial production.
          1. Maks1995
            Maks1995 6 May 2020 13: 17 New
            +1
            Not literally, but, every year he regrets with different words ....
            And it's good that we hold on. Because there is oil, aluminum, titanium, grain and so on, and the Germans have 7x in the list, there is no oil .....
            1. CSKA
              CSKA 12 May 2020 17: 52 New
              +1
              Quote: Max1995
              Not literally, but, every year he regrets with different words ....
              And it's good that we hold on. Because there is oil, aluminum, titanium, grain and so on, and the Germans have 7x in the list, there is no oil .....

              Actually, the 5th Germans and industrial production is not only the extraction of resources.
              1. Maks1995
                Maks1995 12 May 2020 19: 01 New
                0
                And why then "Our country takes 1st place in Europe and 6th in the world" ???
                Has it changed since May 6?
                1. CSKA
                  CSKA 13 May 2020 11: 21 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Max1995
                  And why then "Our country takes 1st place in Europe and 6th in the world" ???
                  Has it changed since May 6?

                  1st place in Europe in terms of industrial production growth, and 6th place in the world in terms of GDP (PPP).
  12. APASUS
    APASUS 5 May 2020 11: 07 New
    -3
    Then the author did not disclose another factor. Remember how we began to build ports in the Baltic? Just after Putin’s speech, that he knows who is being paid to slow down this construction.
    I think nothing has changed. Because, in principle, the mechanism is quite simple, everything is regulated through tariffs
  13. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 5 May 2020 11: 18 New
    +5
    Since ancient times, roads, sea and river ports have been considered the arteries of the country's trade, hence its welfare.
    Transit transshipment of goods, or raw materials dispatch of cargoes allows ports to earn money, respectively, earn the industry associated with the port.
    The author did not pay attention to ports of local importance (port points) associated with coastal transport.
    Line Vladivostok-Petropavlovk-Kamchatsky, refers to those.
    Since the 90s, many ports previously involved in local transportation have been excluded from the ports registry. However, during Soviet times, they played an important role in providing regions for the delivery of goods and passengers along with small aircraft. Some navigation points are year-round.
    At present, if I am not mistaken, FSUE "Rosmorport" is going into the privatization procedure. The quay walls assigned to Rosmorport on the basis of the right of construction should be transferred to the management of the Federal Property Management Agency.
    There are situations when "unprofitable" port points are bought by an investor who is ready to develop infrastructure. It turns out that the local branch of FSUE "Rosmorport" has leased the quay wall to a local individual entrepreneur for 49 years (consider it as property). Earlier, in Soviet times, this port built a quay wall using the money earned, then the port was reorganized into a federal state unitary enterprise, privatized, and sold to an investor. The investor is trying to invest in the development of infrastructure.
    What is port infrastructure?
    Consists of three parts:
    1. Frontal, includes a mooring wall and crane devices.
    2. The middle part, that is, an open storage area for sorting goods and their temporary storage.
    3. The rear part is a covered warehouse for long-term storage and auto - railway tracks.
    It turns out that the berth is leased from IPshnik, which breaks the prices for the mooring and parking of the vessel.

    In addition, the quay walls used for the mooring of Rvbolovets vessels (previously there were ports and captains of fishing ports) are assigned to FSUE "National RybOesursy". This is another problem too.

    In general, as a result, there are investors (Russian) who are ready to invest in the development and modernization, but there are also some problems.
  14. prior
    prior 5 May 2020 11: 50 New
    +3
    The development of the economy in the conditions of Russian gangster-oligarchic capitalism with external control ?!
    The author has a very optimistic sense of humor ...
    1. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. 5 May 2020 15: 58 New
      0
      Is external management sanctions?
  15. Victorio
    Victorio 5 May 2020 12: 32 New
    +1
    Minimally need goods. we produce more goods; we receive more goods. but they will go through the port, it will depend on the port itself, how and how much it offers to overload / store, on the convenience and availability of access transport routes to it. and only then it is up to buyers and sellers to decide whether it is beneficial / convenient for them to use the services of the port and sea transport to deliver their goods / cargo.
  16. Rostislav
    Rostislav 5 May 2020 12: 59 New
    +2
    There are few ports in the country. To increase the flow of goods, it is also necessary that there be goods, which can be sent through this port. And with this, difficulties are observed.
    As for "the world's longest sea border", most of it is the Northern Sea Route and the port facilities there have their own specifics.
    1. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 5 May 2020 13: 19 New
      +4
      Quote: Rostislav
      There are few ports in the country. To increase the flow of goods, it is also necessary that there be goods, which can be sent through this port. And with this, difficulties are observed.
      As for "the world's longest sea border", most of it is the Northern Sea Route and the port facilities there have their own specifics.

      Believe me, there are few ports. All ports have a long history, laid on the basis of natural places of shelters (estuaries, bays and bays). If the port works somehow, it does not mean that it is not needed.
      There are many examples. In Russia there are settlements (average population from 2-5 thousand people) communication with which is possible only by air or sea. Well, also, they import fuel and products along the winter road.
      In addition, in the vicinity of such a settlement there are fish factories or a mining enterprise, and certainly a diesel power station.
      It’s better not to see how loading / unloading is taking place at the raid: with overloading on self-propelled ram scouts of the 80s, with fuel spills and deaths.
      By the way, the cabaret transportation market in such areas is in demand and has prospects.
  17. BREAKTHROUGH READY
    BREAKTHROUGH READY 5 May 2020 13: 03 New
    +2
    Chinese ports serve local exporters of goods and have risen due to this. And why the hell do Russia need competitive ports, for what!? So that was? -So it will not argue.
    1. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. 5 May 2020 13: 31 New
      +3
      Do not forget about transit. Freight traffic from Southeast Asia to Europe and vice versa is where you can and should earn money.
      1. BREAKTHROUGH READY
        BREAKTHROUGH READY 5 May 2020 13: 44 New
        +1
        What transit are you talking about? Railroads lose a lot in terms of shipping costs for maritime transport; the Northern Sea Route is uncompetitive. Existing port capacities are more than enough to provide for the domestic consumer.
        1. AU Ivanov.
          AU Ivanov. 5 May 2020 14: 06 New
          +1
          Railway wins in terms of delivery speed. Even now, at least 12 pairs of container routes run along the Trans-Siberian route in the East-West direction. Mostly transit.
          1. Lynx2000
            Lynx2000 5 May 2020 14: 50 New
            +4
            Quote: AU Ivanov.
            Railway wins in terms of delivery speed. Even now, at least 12 pairs of container routes run along the Trans-Siberian route in the East-West direction. Mostly transit.

            According to the cost of transport costs, the cheapest are (in increasing cost):
            1. Sea / river transport;
            2. Railway transportation;
            3. Auto-mobile;
            4. Air transportation.
            Every summer, from July on the Far East there is a shortage of refrigerated containers (the 20-foot most liquid and 40-foot owned by FESCO, SASCO, and even MAERSK) for shipment from the Far East ports, as well as the sequence of deliveries of these containers with fish products to railway trains to Moscow ?
            Agents have to pay separately for the reservation of refrigerated containers, as well as for the installation and control of connecting refrigerated containers to railway trains.
            In the prices of 2012-2014, the cost of delivery is 1 kg. fresh-frozen fish in a 20-foot refrigerated container with a load of 18 tons from the port of Petropavlovk-Kamchatsky to the Moscow railway station was 14 rubles per kg without additional charges for reservation and urgency.
            And also there is the problem of unloading fresh-frozen fish, if it is in the hold of a transport-refrigerator. Refrigerators in Vladivostok, Nakhodka and Big Stone are clogged or as if clogged. The vessel is on the roadstead, the demurrage is dripping, the owner of the cargo is running, it solves the unloading problem, and after 8 days the vessel should get under the load of frozen fish in Kamchatka.
            1. AU Ivanov.
              AU Ivanov. 5 May 2020 14: 54 New
              +1
              I do not know that in these containers, refs among them are extremely rare. Mostly ordinary 20 feet.
              1. Lynx2000
                Lynx2000 5 May 2020 15: 03 New
                +4
                Quote: AU Ivanov.
                I do not know that in these containers, refs among them are extremely rare. Mostly ordinary 20 feet.

                You do not know... ;-)
                I wrote.
                The traffic problem is very serious, not only in terms of conventional freight traffic. What if the war !!!
                Example, in May 2018, he brought an ordinary N3 Hamster from Seattle, home, to his wife in Altai Territory. To deliver in the grid by train, I was told 40 thousand rubles and a period of 2 months to Novosibirsk !!!
                Agreed to deliver the van with a butterfly 2 times cheaper and faster ...
                1. Nemchinov Vl
                  Nemchinov Vl 5 May 2020 21: 33 New
                  0
                  Quote: Lynx2000
                  The traffic problem is very serious, not only in terms of conventional freight traffic.
                  I beg your pardon, I am somewhat off topic, but if I tracked the dialogue correctly (?), could you "as a consumer" give the clearest assessment on the Northern Sea Route ?! Is it really that promising (if we are talking not only about the sale of tanker oil and LNG) ?! ...
                  and the second thing that interests is
                  Quote: Lynx2000
                  What if the war !!!
                  what do you think the Navy will accompany the convoys of ships ?! patrol icebreakers ?! ... Well, here I’m trying not to address you, so don’t be offended, plz. I mean the speed of building frigates ...
                  1. Lynx2000
                    Lynx2000 7 May 2020 01: 25 New
                    0
                    Quote: Nemchinov Vl

                    I beg your pardon, I am somewhat off topic, but if I tracked the dialogue correctly (?), could you "as a consumer" give the clearest assessment on the Northern Sea Route ?! Is it really that promising (if we are talking not only about the sale of tanker oil and LNG) ?! ...
                    and the second thing that interests

                    If the Northern Sea Route becomes year-round or seasonal navigation starts from May to October, then this will allow delivering goods from the north-eastern part of the Pacific to the European part of Russia in three to four weeks. Sea freight is cheaper.
                    By railway, the delivery time from Vladivostok to Moscow can be more than a month. Moreover, the waiting time most of the time falls not on the transportation itself, but on the waiting line for loading onto the train.
                    My opinion, such a path is promising, but it is necessary to develop infrastructure (as port points wrote), and these are fuel and lubricant depots, berths and anchorage in shelter places, control rooms for navigation, weather stations, sea rescue tugboats, icebreakers, etc.
                    On top of that, it seems like FSUE Atomflot is being reorganized ...
                    As for assessing its prospects, the Chinese have already given such an assessment, having invested in the modernization of the Arkhangelsk deep-sea seaport, which will be considered the base of the Northern Sea Route.
                    For the eastern coast of Kamchatka and north to Chukotka, we are neither hot nor cold from this path. It is profitable to develop coastal shipping in this region.

                    Quote: Nemchinov Vl

                    what do you think the Navy will accompany the convoys of ships ?! patrol icebreakers ?! ... Well, here I’m trying not to address you, so don’t be offended, plz. I mean the speed of building frigates ...

                    What for?! Thank God not the time of the convoys PQ-17.
                    To accompany - Atomflot icebreakers.
                    In the northern part of the Berengov Sea, ice-class border guards, patrol aircraft of border guards and Pacific Fleet patrol.
            2. Victorio
              Victorio 6 May 2020 08: 06 New
              0
              Quote: Lynx2000
              The vessel is in the roadstead, the demurrage is dripping, the owner of the cargo runs, solves the problem of unloading, and after 8 days my ship should get under the load of frozen fish in Kamchatka.

              ===
              How much it costs? days of the week? Lithuanians built a refrigerated warehouse in Ventspils (probably 5 thousand), it’s been around for 8-9 years, it hasn’t worked for a single day. next to the juice terminal, similarly, it stood even longer, now it overloads some batches of vegetable oils occasionally. such things here.
              1. Lynx2000
                Lynx2000 7 May 2020 01: 59 New
                0
                Quote: Victorio

                ===
                How much it costs? days of the week?

                From 80 thousand rubles a day.
        2. Victorio
          Victorio 6 May 2020 07: 51 New
          0
          Quote: BREAKTHROUGH READY
          What transit are you talking about? Railroads lose a lot in terms of shipping costs for maritime transport; the Northern Sea Route is uncompetitive. Available port capacity more than enough to provide domestic consumer.

          ===
          plus a good organization of the production process, and updated port equipment is also an option, probably. Yes, and cheaper.
  18. magadan72
    magadan72 5 May 2020 17: 56 New
    +1
    In order for ports and infrastructure to develop, goods are needed .... For goods to appear, the economy needs to be developed, or just the economy. And with this we have a tight .... And transit ... For transit, we need the general logistics of Russian Railways, ports, and this is generally bad.
  19. Scharnhorst
    Scharnhorst 5 May 2020 20: 04 New
    +1
    Patience burst out: it's time for articles on VO to enter "+" and "-" as for comments. You expect the topic to be disclosed from the title, but you get a chirp of typewritten characters without an opinion and disclosure of the topic. At least one real figure for the country's ports in the article could be given ?! For example - the Sevastopol port or Ust Luga? ...
  20. Pomor northerner
    Pomor northerner 5 May 2020 22: 56 New
    +1
    The largest ports are those ports through which raw materials export, be it grain, coal, fertilizers, ore, oil and oil products. Where do we have an increase in container traffic or general cargo? All ports under Rosmorport - there is no competition and development of ports. Ships of foreign companies also take out all products.
  21. Tests
    Tests 5 May 2020 23: 12 New
    +2
    Nyrobsky (Dmitry), respected, Belkomur in the Arkhangelsk region has already begun to build twice. The last time, even the rails were laid on the embankment, either 1,5 km, or as much as 2 km. True, they were soon handed over for scrap. To Arkhangelsk to drive cargo from the Urals and Komi, and so what? According to the project of the deep-water region of the port of Arkhangelsk north of the Mudyug island, the horse did not roll. There is fog with Naryan-Mar. Gas and oil producers want to make an ice-free port in Indiga of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, but so far they are only looking for a designer. We will see ...
  22. Tests
    Tests 5 May 2020 23: 21 New
    +1
    Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst), dear, about my place of birth, please read here: http://www.morvesti.ru/exclusive/81529/.
    And a little clarification about the "port of Onega": in addition to Onega itself (products of the Onega LDK and oil products), there are Belomorsk (timber, metals, cabotage) and Solovki (cabotage).
    1. Victorio
      Victorio 6 May 2020 07: 54 New
      0
      Quote: Tests
      Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst), dear, about my place of birth, please read here: http://www.morvesti.ru/exclusive/81529/.
      And a little clarification about the "port of Onega": in addition to Onega itself (products of the Onega LDK and oil products), there are Belomorsk (timber, metals, cabotage) and Solovki (cabotage).

      ===
      we had several places in the distribution in the 87th in the White Sea-Onego Shipping Company, there were no interested persons, but I was thinking then)
  23. 7,62h54
    7,62h54 11 May 2020 08: 27 New
    -2
    China is ahead in container shipping, as he produces a lot of things with added value; he has something to sell. The Russian government needs only pipes and tankers for the sale of oil and gas. Coal, wood will be taken out by piece of iron. Gold, diamonds - through the air.