Military Review

Than "light javelins" FGM-172 SRAW did not suit the US Marine Corps

24

To reduce the dependence of the infantry on anti-tank units, the United States at one time found a pretty good way out - armed parts of the Marine Corps FGM-172 SRAW, which are also called "light javelins."


The FGM-172 SRAW Predator is a disposable anti-tank missile system. However, it is more often called a large-caliber grenade launcher, although in the classification of NATO countries only weapon reusable, and all other samples are classified as "rocket launchers."

The need for arming linear infantry units with such weapons in the American army was thought back to the distant 1980s. After all, the American armed forces then felt a lack of heavy weapons for the infantry squads, with which the infantrymen could independently solve the tasks of defeating the enemy’s armored vehicles.

As a result, in 2002, the Marine Corps acquired “light javelins” manufactured by Lockheed Martin Corporation. So the large-caliber grenade launchers were nicknamed for good reason, because, in fact, they are a lightweight modification of the FGM-148 Javelin with some nuances. The FGM-172 SRAW is a disposable grenade launcher and uses 140 mm caliber ammunition. The effective firing range is 400 meters - not so bad for such a weapon.

Hiding in buildings and structures, an infantryman armed with an FGM-172 SRAW can safely track a target and launch a missile. This makes ATGMs of this type a very effective weapon during military operations in urban conditions.

Pros of "light javelins"


The undoubted advantage of the "light javelin" is the inertial control system. The shooter may not pay attention to related factors in the form of air temperature or wind level. Thanks to the autopilot of the rocket, it is held on the aiming line, and during the flight the autopilot fulfills the lead angle to the meeting point with the target. In fact, the American infantryman is holding a high-precision weapon in his hands, which allows him to fire a shot, hit a target, and further solve other combat tasks.

In the head part of the rocket are a head fuse, a programmable detonator and a warhead made with a funnel forming a shock core. The warhead is undermined by a signal from a head fuse or with a slowdown. If the detonation is carried out immediately, then the charge forms a shock core, breaking through the defense of the target.

Than "light javelins" FGM-172 SRAW did not suit the US Marine Corps

The hole in diameter is wider than the body of the rocket, with some of the explosives striking targets behind cover by fragments of the body. If we talk about deceleration, then the charge is activated after the penetration of the rocket into weak shelters, for example - into trenches and other earthworks.

The FGM-172 SRAW has obvious cons


It is because of them that this weapon did not suit the American marines.

First of all, this is a solid mass of weapons - 9 kg. In addition, because of the inertial missile control system, it was necessary to reduce the mass of the warhead, which weighs 2 kg 300 g, which experts consider to be insufficient for ammunition of this caliber.

Another drawback, though not of a technical, but of an economic nature, is the high cost of a one-time ATGM. This circumstance has become one of the main obstacles to equipping most of the linear units of the American infantry with such weapons. After all, at first it was assumed that almost every infantryman would be armed with a “light javelin”. It turned out to be expensive, and even pointless after the reduction in connection with the collapse of the "eastern block" of the huge tank fleet, which the Soviet army possessed.

As a result, the U.S. Marine Corps was armed with a modest amount of FGM-172 SRAW. It is about 1000 units. Indeed, at the company level, the Marine Corps prefer the heavier FGM-148 Javelin.

Most of the “light javelins” may have been upgraded to FGM-172B, designed to destroy light armored vehicles (armored vehicles, armored reconnaissance vehicles) and enemy ground fortifications, but this weapon, apparently, was expended during numerous and lengthy American campaigns Army in the Near and Middle East.

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24 comments
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  1. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 4 May 2020 11: 02 New
    -1
    the missiles have already acquired elements of artificial intelligence ... then it’s the turn of shells ... and bullets ... and we can’t hide from them anywhere and not get away ...
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 4 May 2020 11: 22 New
      +3
      The FGM-172 SRAW has obvious cons

      It is because of them that this weapon did not suit the American marines.

      First of all, this is a solid mass of weapons - 9 kg.


      Yes, too much, as for one time, and not only for the marines, but also for the ordinary infantryman.

      In addition, due to the inertial missile control system, it was necessary to reduce the mass of the warhead, which weighs 2 kg 300 g, which experts consider to be insufficient for ammunition of this caliber.


      After all, such an amount of explosives is not small. I suppose that the Fagot ATGM, with 9M111-9M111M-9M113 +/- missiles, has the same

      Another drawback, though not technical, but economic in nature, is the high cost of a one-time ATGM.


      You can’t do anything here request , times expensive even for press holders ...
      1. Morgan
        Morgan 4 May 2020 16: 22 New
        +3
        The relative concept is expensive, in any case it is cheaper than a destroyed tank or armored personnel carrier
    2. gabonskijfront
      gabonskijfront 4 May 2020 11: 40 New
      0
      So they will fight without leaving the sofa, so that in case of danger under the sofa gentlemen, everyone under the sofa.
      1. Insurgent
        Insurgent 4 May 2020 11: 56 New
        +1
        Quote: gabonskijfront
        And they will fight without leaving the sofa

        You are wrong in this.
        The US Army is well equipped, patriotically motivated, and highly mobile.

    3. Svetlana
      Svetlana 4 May 2020 12: 44 New
      0
      Quote: Pvi1206
      the missiles have already acquired elements of artificial intelligence ... then it’s the turn of shells ... and bullets ... and we can’t hide from them anywhere and not get away ...

      For every poison there is an antidote. Hide yourself.
  2. Range
    Range 4 May 2020 11: 05 New
    0
    The eternal struggle of defense and attack.
  3. BLADFROST
    BLADFROST 4 May 2020 11: 15 New
    -1
    Well a typical American video. What is there, it was necessary to launch the rocket back at all, and the tank to explode in front.
  4. svp67
    svp67 4 May 2020 11: 31 New
    0
    Than "light javelins" FGM-172 SRAW did not suit the US Marine Corps
    Than? Than? WEIGHT ...
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 4 May 2020 11: 45 New
      +3
      There was a detailed article by Sergey Linnik on this topic in 2018.

      https://topwar.ru/142166-protivotankovye-sredstva-amerikanskoy-pehoty-chast-5.html
  5. knn54
    knn54 4 May 2020 11: 36 New
    0
    In bad weather conditions, operational difficulties are still present.
  6. Lopatov
    Lopatov 4 May 2020 12: 16 New
    +3
    after the reduction in connection with the collapse of the "eastern block" of a huge tank fleet, which the Soviet army possessed.

    Key phrase.
    The missile under-missile is sharpened to defeat the tank from above on the span.
    They were simply not needed by the Americans.
  7. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 4 May 2020 12: 37 New
    +6
    An analogue of the "American" is the "English-Swedish" NLAW ... This "prodigy" is in service with England, Sweden, Finland ...
  8. Thrifty
    Thrifty 4 May 2020 13: 10 New
    +1
    In fact, 140 mm is a serious caliber, especially when attacking from above. Another thing is that it came out expensive, and the weight of 9 kg is still a flower. ..they would have 15kg bandura dragged along. ...
  9. dvina71
    dvina71 4 May 2020 13: 15 New
    +1
    If this is the answer to this ..

    That..weak ..
  10. Carnifexx
    Carnifexx 4 May 2020 13: 39 New
    0
    Americans could not in SPIKE, it happens.
  11. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 4 May 2020 15: 48 New
    0
    Apparently a very smart contraption turned out to be. Weight 9kg - this is not a reason at all, it's funny to listen. Another thing is that the rocket hits the tank itself, and from above. But on the battlefield there are a ton of different other targets that would also be harmless to hit, starting from pillboxes. And you can’t pick this concrete bunker with this thing, as I understand it. Too narrowly specialized. By the way, the article does not give any intelligible answers. Apparently, the author was ordered an analysis, he himself is not able to think, he threw this nonsense to the resource, now he will collect comments and present to the authorities what a good analyst he is ...
    1. your1970
      your1970 7 May 2020 09: 19 New
      +2
      Quote: Mikhail3
      hit starting from bunkers. And you can’t pick this concrete bunker with this thing, as I understand it.
      and how to do in pre-grenade launchers with pillboxes? As an option, they simply bypassed ... who prevents you from doing now as well? Or hit with artillery and aircraft?
      And at the same time, at the present time, the presence of bunkers on the way of the KMP is a wild miscalculation of command ... Well, now there are no Maginot and Mannerheim lines, no .... bunkers and tunnels are, but there are no bunkers ..
      The only option is if the ILC goes across the border of North and South Korea .... forehead ...
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 7 May 2020 09: 27 New
        0
        Awesome! I never would have guessed that the bunker can be circumvented! What lived, then in vain ... True, the builders of bunkers, suddenly, often have a military education, and, in general, fantasy, combat experience! And for some reason it turns out that their positions cannot be circumvented! And you need to have a weapon in order to crack these positions. A weapon is generally such a thing that they do to fight. And do not go around)) To go around the legs is enough ...
        1. your1970
          your1970 7 May 2020 09: 40 New
          +2
          Please provide examples lines Bunkers - which NOT was to get around .... if you can ....
          just for God's sake, don’t drag into the bunkers the device for the firing points of buildings and structures. This is not the bunkers- this is a little different ..

          Much you heard in 21 century about linear defense with bunkers ?? !! tunnels, yes, bunkers, as many as you like, but with defense lines, strain
          There are no WWII wars now.
  12. awdrgy
    awdrgy 4 May 2020 21: 06 New
    0
    In this hr on the shoulder And how will he run with her?
    1. Normal ok
      Normal ok 5 May 2020 05: 54 New
      -1
      Have you run with wings (optical rangefinder)?
  13. Normal ok
    Normal ok 5 May 2020 05: 53 New
    -1
    Another mechanical pervode.
    1. awdrgy
      awdrgy 6 May 2020 23: 10 New
      0
      Nope I had enough RPK)