Soviet Kazakhstan: from cattle breeding to astronautics


Last in stories The Soviet Union launched the spacecraft on October 2, 1991 from the territory of the Kazakh SSR. The country has survived the last months, and that launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome became the final point in the history of Soviet cosmonautics. But then nobody knew this yet.


Toktar Aubakirov, a hero of the Soviet Union, a participant in the very last Soviet space mission, says that all the work of the cosmonauts of the USSR was aimed at ensuring that a great country was technologically unattainable, remained powerful and powerful.

The flight of the Soyuz in 1991 was part of the large Soviet Kazakhstan-Cosmos program, which envisaged the development of cosmonautics in the Kazakh SSR. The work was then carried out under the personal control of Nursultan Nazarbayev.

In the movie “Empire is the other way around. Kazakhstan ”on the YouTube channel History Lab tells about how the development of the Kazakh SSR took place, what history Kazakhstan had before.

The film recalls that initially, Kazakh autonomy was part of the RSFSR and was transformed into the Soviet republic only in 1936.

From the movie:

When Kazakhstan became a union republic, its budget was zero. The entire budget was formed by the Union. The same with the frames. There came engineers, teachers, specialists in irrigation, canal engineering.

About how Soviet Kazakhstan was, what projects in this territory were implemented - in the film:

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  1. Asad 4 May 2020 05: 27 New
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    Recent news from Kazakhstan does not add optimism!
    1. Uncle lee 4 May 2020 05: 35 New
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      Quote: ASAD
      do not add optimism!

      And the development of Cosmonautics together with USA? This is a breakthrough ... in the Middle Ages!
      1. Basil50 4 May 2020 06: 30 New
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        The fact that in Kazakhstan they begin to lie about their history says that the Kazakhs took the path of China and the outskirts. Already there are historical * works * about the antiquity and nobility of the Kazakhs.
        Not even a hundred years have passed, as in the Soviet Union they came up with a name for the steppe Kyrgyz. It is worth recalling the Cossacks by whom the Soviet authorities began to create the Cossack Territory and what these same Cossacks did, brutalized from permissiveness. Why did they suddenly * forget * about the Cossacks of the Orenburg region, the Seven Rivers, and others. Why did the Cossacks suddenly become so brutal and who served .....................
        It is worth KNOWING the history of EVERYTHING, without exemptions and defaults.
        1. sasha pv 4 May 2020 12: 21 New
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          A new story has appeared in Kazakhstan since the collapse of the USSR. I graduated from school in 1992 and took an exam on the history of Kazakhstan. I learned a lot of new things right during the exam. Kazakh historian hissed in impotent rage) And how many Russians were crippled and killed in the 90s.
        2. AllBiBek 6 May 2020 20: 27 New
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          Well, there are enough tribes with a complicated and turbulent history, I hope you won’t deny this?

          I don’t know anyone who is confidently guided in their tribal relations within at least a couple of zhuzes. The maximum is within one.

          There you can really go crazy.
  2. nikvic46 4 May 2020 06: 06 New
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    I was only in Soviet Kazakhstan. Even if we unite, it will not be an alliance equivalent to the previous alliance.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Zorro21 4 May 2020 07: 00 New
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      Now Kazakhstan is simply a private property of the Nazarbayev clan, which, in order to preserve its power, formally created laws that make the Nazarbayev family “untouchable” even for criticism. By the way, the Military Review website itself once again fell into the category of blocked resources in Kazakhstan. And so that he would not be heavily criticized abroad, Nazarbayev banally bribed Kazakhstan’s resources with the largest and most influential corporations in the USA, Europe and China, and Russia simply allows it to use the cosmodrome and polygons in Saryshagan.
      1. Barmaleyka 4 May 2020 07: 29 New
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        Quote: Zorro21
        Now Kazakhstan is just a private property of the Nazarbayev clan

        judging by the events of yesterday, there begins a movement to remove the "family"
        1. Zorro21 4 May 2020 12: 11 New
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          Quote: Barmaleyka
          judging by the day before yesterday

          It is simply ridiculous to have a speaker of parliament after she “won” in the UK a court in which her property was arrested under the law against money laundering ie "income of unknown origin." This is not in any country in the world. Although it’s a trifle for Kazakhstan’s realities, especially after giving James Giffen bribes in the amount of 84 million dollars to the President of the country personally and keeping the “national welfare” state fund in US banks. In any case, only 10 people are now the owners of 70% of Kazakhstan’s national wealth. And there are no strangers not personally connected with Nazarbayev among them.
          1. Barmaleyka 4 May 2020 12: 15 New
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            Quote: Zorro21
            This is not in any country in the world.

            Well, the head of state was the people in the RK who were accused of taking bribes, in the RK there are a lot of interesting things
    3. Graduate student 4 May 2020 13: 14 New
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      Quote: nikvic46
      if we unite, it will not be an alliance equivalent to the previous alliance.

      Too much has happened in the last 30 years. As long as neo-feudal lords are in power, they will not have a full-fledged union. For a full-fledged union, it is necessary to educate a new generation of citizens based not on hatred for each other, but on respect.
      1. Well, you brought up 70 years, and what is the result? Stepping over the socio-economic systems, spreading the red flags ... (under the shadow of lies) ... As soon as the tinsel under the name "Soviet power" ordered to make ends - this is where the real gut got out. Feudal party. "Abdullah, why do you need so many wives?"
  3. Barmaleyka 4 May 2020 07: 06 New
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    nationalism flourishes in Kazakhstan worse than in Ukraine, monuments to Hitler’s accomplice are quietly put up there and we are silent about how many screams there were when Russian channels were removed from Ukraine’s air, in Kazakhstan they did it ten years earlier and no one even dawned on it
  4. Barmaleyka 4 May 2020 07: 31 New
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    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c0A9Kdj_mPo&lc=Ugxg4GkXFv0_dZdKmWl4AaABAg.97rj0MXE8Mj98A9saWF01K
    the most interesting are comments
    1. Stas157 4 May 2020 08: 56 New
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      Quote: Barmaleyka
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c0A9Kdj_mPo&lc=Ugxg4GkXFv0_dZdKmWl4AaABAg.97rj0MXE8Mj98A9saWF01K
      the most interesting are comments

      I'm shocked by the comments! Really worth reading. After all, a flurry ... but there are no good ones. Absolutely not! I used to relate to the Kazakhs better.
      1. Barmaleyka 4 May 2020 09: 11 New
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        in the Russian Federation about Kazakhstan, a false impression was formed as an island of stability and harmony, in fact it is not so
        for 30 years, the Nazik acted on the principle of divide and conquer, with one hand he threw a bone to local nationalists in the form of speeches condemning Russian colonialism with the other made it clear to the Russians in Kazakhstan that he was the only one who cares and protects from those nationalists whom he himself nurtured
        in addition, we must not forget that in the 80s KazSSR was the first republic in which an ethnic conflict arose
        1. Stas157 4 May 2020 09: 16 New
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          Quote: Barmaleyka
          in the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan has a false impression as an island of stability and harmony

          Well it is! At first glance - a prosperous oil country, the closest ally of Russia, and the Kazakhs a little bit - harness themselves, as near Moscow in the 41st ...
          The reality is slightly different.
          1. Barmaleyka 4 May 2020 09: 18 New
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            Quote: Stas157
            and the Kazakhs a little that harnessed - as near Moscow in the 41st ... The reality is somewhat different.

            another “magnificent” myth, by the way, Kazakhs are very fond of writing on forums how they saved Moscow for Russians, forgetting that the overwhelming majority of “Kazakh” divisions were the Russian population of the republic, if I remember correctly something about 90%
            1. Serwid 5 May 2020 15: 08 New
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              Quote: Barmaleyka
              another “magnificent” myth, by the way, Kazakhs are very fond of writing on forums how they saved Moscow for Russians, forgetting that the overwhelming majority of “Kazakh” divisions were the Russian population of the republic, if I remember correctly something about 90%

              In our school, in the classes of some Germans, there were more than Kazakhs. G. Atbasar, Tselinograd region 1977-87
              1. Barmaleyka 5 May 2020 16: 07 New
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                in reality, even in 91 the Kazakhs were not a state-forming nation, but in the 89s it was ~ 20%
            2. mat-vey 5 May 2020 16: 48 New
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              Quote: Barmaleyka
              By the way, Kazakhs are very fond of writing on the forums how they saved Moscow for Russians

              They even privatized Panfilov ..
    2. Plantagenet 4 May 2020 18: 31 New
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      “The secretaries of all three urban areas of Alma-Ata came to him with an ultimatum. They complained about the constant shortage of goods and demanded the removal of the head of the city trade department Tursun Baybusynova.
      Kharazov invited him and very politely suggested:
      “I see that you cannot succeed in this position.” Come on, we will pick you another job.
      Baybusynov looked at Kharazov in surprise:
      - And I thought you called me to celebrate my successes and invite me to a higher job.
      Valery Innokentievich was amazed, but did not give a look:
      “So you can't do it here either.” What kind of increase can we talk about? Come on, we will find you another place. Maybe it will be easier for you there.

      Baibusynov somehow indulgently looked at the secretary of the city committee and philosophically remarked:
      “You Russians are water, and we Kazakhs are stones.” You, like water, will disappear, and we will remain. You, for example, will surely disappear soon. And you will hear about me.
      He got up and left. ”


      Leonid Mlechin "Iron Shurik"
  5. Kapellan23 4 May 2020 15: 51 New
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    More than half of present-day Central Asia has been developed and settled by Russians; these were Russian provinces. A particularly striking example is Kazakhstan, which exists almost entirely on Russian South Siberian lands, in which Kazakhs almost did not live in the Kazakh steppes, but Russians (the capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, the old Russian city of Akmolinsk with 100% of the Russian population, now there are about 15% of Russians and continues to decline).

    Before the revolution:


    The result of Soviet national policy:
  6. DDT
    DDT 15 May 2020 17: 08 New
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    I do not want to offend the youngest, but honestly, as were the herders, they remained. And for information, the Kazakh woman is not necessarily like cattle! She loves a little animal when affectionate! Therefore, I authoritatively declare: do not flog the Kazakhs! good