"In the name of life." People's Artist of the RSFSR N. Ya. But
True on the scarlet banner!
Washed that banner
There are many tears.
By the lights of that truth
Thunders of the Executioners
For baby blood
And for the blood of mothers!
M. Jalil. Barbarism
True on the scarlet banner!
Washed that banner
There are many tears.
By the lights of that truth
Thunders of the Executioners
For baby blood
And for the blood of mothers!
M. Jalil. Barbarism
Instead of joining
This year, the victory of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War marks 75 years.
The vast majority of countries and peoples of the world was drawn into the whirlpool of that terrible war, the allies of the anti-Hitler coalition were doing a common thing, but each had its own war.
No wonder there is such a stable expression that has often been used very recently: the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people.
What was this war for the peoples of the USSR? Or put the question more precisely: what was fascism for us and what is fascism for us?
Over these seventy five years история and the views on this war were overgrown with myths and legends. Public opinion fluctuates after the social and economic situation in the country.
Even the assessment of victory, the sacrifice in the name of it, is directly proportional to the internal situation in the country. Incredible and scientifically unconfirmed data on the number of deaths in the Second World War are connected with this, and they are growing every decade.
And modern cinema circulates the images and types of our contemporaries, dressed in the uniform and clothing of those years, and not the people of those harsh days.
Victory in World War II was the cornerstone on which the entire policy of our country was built in the postwar years. And it was not an empty slogan or PR campaign.
For the first time in the history of Russia, a security system has developed, de jure after Yalta, de facto after the capture of Berlin by the Red Army, which pushed our borders far to the west of Europe from our main lands. The victory seriously protected the territory of the country from invasion, which was more than once or twice in the history of Russia, when the war began directly from under the border Smolensk.
The Soviet people, at the cost of incredible efforts, restored cities and villages, and indeed the entire national economy, under the conditions of new military pressure from the former ally and the new leader of Western civilization - the United States.
All this was achieved under the leadership of the Bolshevik party - the party of the working people, which was real at that historical moment, which was the real leading force of the society of this period and was not afraid to acknowledge managerial mistakes that are natural for the development of mankind along an unknown path. This is not an agitation (“well, when I got to this paragraph, I stopped reading”), it is a scientific and historical fact.
Lyon Feuchtwanger wrote:
“The Soviet Union is fraught with many unresolved problems. But what Goethe said about the human being can be quite applicable to the state body: “A significant phenomenon always captivates us; knowing its merits, we ignore what seems to us doubtful in him. "
Soviet diplomacy, its head A.A. Gromyko, consistently and systematically built their position on the foundation laid during the victory of the Soviet Union, repeatedly pointing to the former allies the sacrifices made by our country, and achieving permanent diplomatic successes, rather than tweeting on Twitter.
These were the results of this victory.
But what was fascism that was defeated by the Soviet Union, and what does it remain for the descendants of the victors?
What was it for my grandmother, a Cossack, when she fell under the bombing during the evacuation from the Kuban and could not run from the cart to the forest, because her daughter’s legs were taken away and they hugged and prayed under the diving planes of the German fascists? For my grandfather, a communist underground worker, who was shot in the Simferopol Gestapo, for another grandfather, a reconnaissance tanker and a communist who was missing near Kharkov? For my housemates, participants in that war, who, alas, are no longer with us?
What was fascism for and for all of us, living and dead?
Russian civilization: why?
In order to go forward, let us return a little back to the history of our Motherland.
Russia evolved as a typical European state, which it remains to this day, but ...
But, firstly, the Eastern Slavs, like other Slavic peoples, entered the historical path of development much later than, for example, the Germanic tribes. It happens, someone older, someone younger.
Secondly, this path began in more difficult climatic and geographical conditions than other European nations.
Germanic peoples, for example, occupied territories significantly more climatically favorable, in addition mastered by Roman civilization (many modern autobahns in Germany are laid along Roman paved roads). Western countries were formed as a symbiosis of the Latinized population and alien barbarians at a time when the Eastern Slavs created their state in dense forests.
The most important factor in the formation of another European civilization of the Russian people was the borrowing of religion from the Orthodox Roman Empire - Byzantium. Byzantium, the direct heiress of Rome, and the first European civilization of the Early Middle Ages.
The Tatar-Mongol yoke inflicted enormous economic damage on Russian lands for several centuries, but, being external to Russian states on the territory of Eastern Europe, it did not change the European way of development of the country.
Russia was able to get rid of the external control of the Horde, but in a clash with the border countries of Western civilization, the military-technical “backwardness” became apparent, primarily due to the staged backwardness: when Western countries embarked on the path of bourgeois development, feudal relations formed in Russia.
The ingenious Russian Tsar Peter I partially offset the military-technical lag, having carried out the first modernization in Russia. She gave the country an acceleration of a hundred years, ending with a brilliant victory of Russia and the Russian army over the genius-villain Napoleon, and part-time the first "European integrator" of the new capitalist era.
But at the same time the XVIII century, the century of Russian modernization, in the management of the army and industry was a period of development of classical feudalism in Russia. Having such a social structure, the country faced an industrial revolution.
The industrial revolution radically changed the economic status of countries. Germany, consisting of weak, conflicting principalities, turned into a single and powerful economic power.
The same thing happened with the agricultural country, living until then due to the rampant exploitation of the rich resources of North America - the United States. It has become a powerful industrial country.
The last Romanovs, beginning with Nicholas I, unlike their great ancestors, overslept, or rather, "fought" with the revolutions, not noticing industrial revolutions behind them. Like many inept managers, they drove all the problems inward, postponing their solution until later, and in favorable conditions did not carry out the necessary social and economic modernization. As a result, there was a paradoxical situation: in Russia there were many industries (as they say today, “point growth”), many of which occupied a leading position in the world, but the country bypassed the first and second industrial revolution.
And these problems had to be solved by the new modernizers - the Bolsheviks, in extremely tight and constrained historical conditions, and in the face of a much more serious external threat, which, perhaps, has not existed since the time of Charles XII, who sought to turn Russia into a colony.
Tomorrow Was the War
As a result of these historical miscalculations of the last Romanovs on the eve of World War I, Russia was socially a feudal bureaucratic country, and economically a semi-colony of France and Germany.
In a number of articles on VO, we highlighted this situation with scientific argumentation. Let us dwell on the main points.
The First World War was the result of a crisis in the development of Western capitalism, the struggle for markets and raw materials between the capitalist countries of the first and second echelons.
Despite the fact that its armed forces made a significant contribution to the victory of the countries of the first echelon, Russia was the subject and prize of this war. According to the results of the war, the dependence of economically weakened Russia with unresolved social problems would only increase from the victorious countries, be it Germany or France.
Russia did not have independent goals in this war. Being formally autocratic (sovereign), the country was subordinate to external capital, and the goal of capturing the straits reanimated during the war was difficult to achieve even under the conditions of Russia's victory in the Entente. By the way, this idea was especially fostered and defended by Western supporters in Russia, such as P. N. Milyukov (Milyukov-Bosphorus).
It is important that the “whites” quickly perceived the same tendency of Russia's dependence on various external forces, having already begun to “openly trade” the country.
And subsequently a number of leaders of the “white” movement came to Russia in a Nazi wagon train. Thus, once again confirming that the “white” movement was, in fact, a comprador movement that fought for personal privileges and at the expense of the majority of the people, no matter what “Russian folk” and angelic togas they wore.
Another thing is the Second World War (or the Great Patriotic War for our people).
In fact, her reasons were the same. The First World War did not resolve the key contradictions between the capitalist countries, but only postponed their new battle. For the ruling classes, the only way out of the Great Depression was war.
The problem was aggravated by the fact that the working class of these countries, the population of the colonies, no longer wanted to put up with rampant exploitation, which exacerbated the crisis. Moreover, against this background, there was a country with scarce financial and material resources, where the idea of building wealth, not for individual groups, but for the whole people, began to be realized.
World War II and Fascism
The existence of a country that openly challenged Western civilization and its foundations, the inability to solve economic and social problems within the framework of the current model, created a movement that looks similar to social (socialist), but sharply opposed to it - socialism for the elite, or Nazism, or fascism .
Those who, behind the outer shell of parades, rallies, sporting events, special aesthetics, etc., draw direct parallels between the USSR and the fascist countries, consciously or unconsciously pour water on the fascist mill. This is my opinion, but our grandfathers who defeated fascism would say the same.
Not only is this position offensive to the memory of our ancestors, but it is pseudoscientific by definition: socialism (communism) is a social system where the popular ownership of the means of production is the key. Fascism is not a system, but a system of managing society under capitalism, like democracy - one of the forms of management under capitalism. It is not for nothing that even the most presamous democracies constantly have fascist elements of government, let alone the countries of peripheral capitalism.
Historically, fascism in several European countries was temporarily able to smooth out flashy social contradictions at the expense of ethnic groups, brutal suppression of dissent, and then through war and exploitation of the occupied territories.
Therefore, the Italian fascists quickly switched to the path of aggression against countries that were indirectly related to them. And in the program book of the National Socialist Workers Party of Germany it was clearly indicated that the future of the German nation is connected with the colonization and development of spaces in the direction of Eastern Europe. Where exactly was our Motherland.
Thus, for the western camp, the problems of development and exit and the crisis could be solved only at the expense of civilization, which defied the domination of the West.
Therefore, the war in the West, which is a general historical fact, was "strange" and even at first almost knightly, therefore Ford's factories in France, Skoda in Czechoslovakia forged the Nazi victory sword, participating in competitions to overfulfill the plan. From here grow the so-called legs. Swedish socialism: the country worked for the fascist camp and survived in a seriously ruined European economy. This is honestly written by Ingvar Kamprad, the founder of IKEA, whose grandmother was a German:
"And my childish reaction was very predictable: how great it is that Uncle Hitler did so much for his grandmother's relatives, as well as for children and young people."
This is by no means a reproach, it is a statement of fact. The fact that he perspicuously discerned in the nineteenth century. N. Ya. Danilevsky. Europe is a Western civilization, and the struggle between its countries was, is and will be, but there will never be such an intensity in this struggle as with an alien civilization, whether it be the Indians of America or the Slavs of Eastern Europe:
"Therefore, Europe sees in Russia and Slavs not only an alien, but also a hostile beginning ... Proud and justly proud of its merits, Europe is difficult - not to say impossible - to bear this."
I repeat, it is necessary to clearly understand and distinguish between the slogan that has gotten its teeth on edge, “the West is to blame for everything”, which our politicians deftly use to justify their incompetence and historical realities.
Hitler believed in the early 30s, and this was confirmed by the facts (the return of the Ruhr and the seizure of Czechoslovakia, the Anschluss of Austria) that the division of spheres of influence occurred: Germany has the right to independently control Europe, and England controls its colonial empire.
The British ruling elite assumed that the German campaign to the East would secure the colonies of England and satisfy the appetites of German capital at the expense of the USSR, while destroying the civilizational and class opponents, but was by no means ready to give the whole of Europe to the Germans.
The Soviet Union represented itself as a colossus with feet of clay, directly in the style of fascist propaganda, with camps mixed with collective farms, a slaughtered illiterate population, with the Red Army commanders completely destroyed. “To a person of the German spirit who will never become an intellectual”, dealing with this did not present any difficulties.
But the USSR, by the start of the Great Patriotic War, by incredible efforts came out on the second place in the world in economic power. A semi-colonial country has become a powerful independent industrial power. Although the birthmarks of inept management of the previous period left a significant imprint on the structure of society.
The USSR was a state where the creation of a new system was not the work of individual fanatics, but the creative work of the masses, those who defended their labor during the most difficult war in the history of Russian civilization. Factory happy people called TsPKO them. Gorky Herbert Wells, the same can be said about much in the USSR.
What the fascists and their supporters could not understand in their savagery and narrowness, neither then nor now.
The invasion of Germany with satellites and allies on the territory of our country made this war not just a war for the Fatherland, but also the main test for a new system, a war between two civilizations.
For most European countries, except, possibly, the Serbs captured by Germany, this was not the issue, as we wrote above: the occupation regime intensified as the Germans and their allies failed on the eastern front, but were not as hard-bloody as on the territory of the USSR. That bitterness, the unthinkable number of victims of this war among the civilian population is explained only by its civilizational character.
The soldiers of "Uncle Hitler" enthusiastically destroyed the Soviet civilian population.
Therefore, any attempt to somehow justify, albeit indirectly, all those who worked for the occupation regime, and even more so fought alongside them, be it the local administration, the police, the White Guards or the Vlasovites, is an excuse for fascism.
So what is fascism for us today?
Any attempt to interpret history not from the point of view of the victorious Soviet people, but from a different point of view, is most often fascism.
Any attempt to whitewash fascism or Nazism, to find a spoonful of honey in their barrel of shit is fascism.
The desire, with the help of diplomatic maneuvers to not tease the geese and our partners, to hush up and not point out the key role in this war of the Communists, Komsomol members, and the Generalissimo of the Victory IV Stalin, cannot be justified by any current political expediency.
This is what leads to the destruction of the memory of our ancestors, the destruction of their monuments, monuments to the great commander-liberators throughout liberated Europe. Our diplomats are not capable of ideologically opposing anything, they also admit that "leaders who destroyed their people burn in hell twice as bright as those who destroyed a stranger."
There are no options, just as there were no options for the soldiers of the Brest Fortress or Adzhimushkaysky quarries, as well as for Prince Svyatoslav, Evpatiy Kolovrat, Ivan Susanin, Agafon Nikitin, for
“The shame is not known to the dead. If we run, shame will be on us. ”
It is precisely because of this that the descendants of Western "civilizers" allow themselves to write today about the "raping" Red Army. The army, which was probably the first in the history of mankind, waged this war most nobly against the civilian population, especially those countries whose men sowed fear and destruction on the territory of the USSR.
That is why more and more often the USSR, along with Nazi Germany, is accused at the beginning of World War II in Europe, pointing to the notorious Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, or, more precisely, the Non-aggression Treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union of August 23, 1939.
And these statements sound to the victim state, which has been the only consistent opponent of fascism since its inception in Europe. The state, which was defined in the program book of the Nazis as an enemy and the object for the destruction of number one.
The country, aggression against which the “mistress of the seas” and the leader of the capitalist world constantly pushed the Nazis, while defending themselves, signed a non-aggression pact, and, in fact, a postponement pact, became the country guilty of unleashing the Second World War. External compliance with this treaty is issued almost as the transition of the Soviet Union to the fascist camp, although, for example, the USSR was ready to sign a similar treaty with the Kingdom of Yugoslavia on the eve of the German invasion, which, obviously, would stop the German aggression against this country.
This, of course, is the version of those who wanted to direct German aggression immediately to the East, and as a result received the capture of Paris, and today it gives a fascist soul.
It should be clearly remembered that the Soviet Union did not need a war in Europe at all, the country went to a new pace in building the material base for the development of society and people, in contrast to Western countries, especially the fascist bloc, for which war was a matter of survival.
The USSR objectively and consistently fought for peace in Europe, trying to save Czechoslovakia in the face of German aggression and prevent the German army and economy from strengthening due to its resources. The Union understood that England and France, which had given Czechoslovakia to the mercy of Germany, simply contributed to the strengthening of the German army, which, in their opinion, should move to the East.
And today, the Soviet Union in the style of fascist agitation is accused of starting the world massacre.
Yes, the USSR did not pretend to be a dove of peace and did not intend to drag chestnuts out of the fire for England and France, but clearly defended real national interests, therefore, on the eve of the war, it returned illegally torn historical territories and significantly protected Leningrad, which played an important role during the blockade, and destroyed the army of a small but unreasonably aggressive neighbor who would in any case become Hitler's ally. But one does not cancel the other: the USSR was a country that did not need war. And today's accusations of the Soviet Union in starting a world war are, in fact, fascist.
Contrasting the objective reality of that time with the ideology of the kingdom of crooked mirrors, replacing scientific analysis with semi-scientific unartistic conjectures, out of malice or stupidity, this is fascism today.
What would a soldier of the Great Patriotic War say?
Today, seventy-five years after our Victory, one gets the impression that one hundred thousand intellectuals, who were mentioned by SS SS group leader Mueller from “Seventeen Moments of Spring”, came out of hibernation and began to whitewash fascism by discrediting the history of our country, especially its heroic period. And sometimes gracefully correct in the right direction.
Skillfully trying to share the victory in the bloodiest war of Russian history and the Soviet system.
And this is not only about the communist past of our country. Again, as in the 30s of the twentieth century, the question is again raised about the inferiority of our people and their state as a mistake of history - and even in our country itself.
And now even the ruling party in the State Duma is trying to remove the hammer and sickle from the Banner of Victory.
The meaning of the symbols of Victory is being emasculated, the holiday of November 7 has been canceled, without which this victory could not have happened, just as we had no victory in World War I. It was the Revolution that gave our grandfathers what they, for the most part, peasants and workers, fought and died.
When the enemy was near Moscow, on November 7, 1941, no matter what, a parade was held in honor of this Revolution and it was to the Mausoleum of the founder of the state of workers, without which there would not be this victory, Soviet soldiers and officers threw Nazi banners and standards.
The historical continuity in the development of the Russian state, and subsequently in alliance with other fraternal peoples of our country, which, as it seemed then, was forever united by Great Russia, is obvious and undeniable.
Understanding of problems, managerial deadlocks, ways out of them and, most importantly, victories is the most important factor for understanding our history, the key to avoiding mistakes of the past in the present and future.
A. A. Zinoviev, one of the few intellectuals who realized their wild anti-Soviet fallacy, said: they aimed at communism, but ended up in Russia.
Today, fascism (as I have heard from Victory soldiers more than once) is the denigrating of their ideals, of what they fought for.
Not a “debriefing”, not a historical and managerial analysis of problems and victories, but an unfounded lie about millions of dispossessed, total and violent collectivization as a factor in the defeat of agriculture, about the execution of all the best commanders of the Red Army, about treacherous enkavedeshniki, about the dictatorship of the Bolshevik fanatics. All this has already been said and written, and the main propagandist of the Nazis J. Goebbels did it.
He believed this unbridled lie himself, made him believe the soldiers sent to conquer farms with farm laborers on the fat lands of Ukraine and paid for it.
This Goebbels propaganda is repeated today from all crossroads, and is portrayed in films and series.
Then the invaders, warmed up by a wild propaganda lie, faced a staunch, competent, trained by the Soviet authorities soldier who had something to lose.
Everyone was a soldier: Volodya Dubinin, a schoolboy, Oleg Kosheva, a Komsomol member, Musa Jalil, a poet, Alexander Matrosov, a soldier, Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, and Vera Voloshina.
And the German soldiers, and not only from the SS, “simply obeyed the order”, a criminal order. The soldier should not think, but follow orders, such as those given by the "great" commander, and part-time bloody executioner, field marshal Erich von Manstein to destroy communists, prisoners and civilians. How fascist it sounds!
The words uttered annually on May 9 in a minute of silence about a soldier who lost relatives in the Stalinist camps turn a Soviet soldier into a slave from modern Hollywood films about Rome and gladiators, or into an abnormal one who fought for insane power and transplanted with for no reason his family and friends.
This phrase from the text about the minute of silence “successfully” continues the conventional expression of the times of perestroika that if the Germans had won, today everyone would have been drinking Bavarian beer and eating Nuremberg sausages. For this, German beer and sausages February 23, 1992 in Moscow, riot police pounded veterans of the Great Patriotic War.
Today’s followers of Goebbels’s propaganda went much further than him: what is the difference between the call to remove the “mummy” from the Mausoleum and the destroyed Lenin’s monuments throughout Ukraine? Nothing. What are the similarities? And there, and here it is just fascism.
And the “Maidan” generation is not genetic Russophobia, it’s the same Russians and Ukrainians who just watched our TV, wherever the movie is, the “Moscow Saga”, the “movie” about the evil enkavedeshniks, the “fines”, the defensive squads, about the zoo and the bastards. They listened to stories about the bloodthirsty Bolsheviks, who completely destroyed the entire gene pool, the terrible collectivization reinforced by the "famine", and the USSR as a branch of hell on planet Earth.
Against this background, Stepan Bandera became a knight in white armor. And why is he worse than Krasnov, Shkuro, Sultan-Girey or Ter-Harutyunyan?
This is fascism today.
For the victorious people, the heirs of the Great Victory, there was no and cannot be compromise on this issue, just as our grandfathers did not have compromises with the fascists.