Military Review

French head nuclear submarine Suffren type Barracuda went on trial

33
French head nuclear submarine Suffren type Barracuda went on trial

The French head multi-purpose nuclear submarine Suffren ("Suffren") of the new Barracuda project began factory sea trials. On April 27, 2020, the submarine first sailed from the arsenal of the French shipbuilding association Naval Group in Cherbourg.


The Suffren submarine left the shipyard in Cherbourg on April 27 and already on April 28 made the first test dive outside the shipyard. The first static submarine dive took place at the Naval Group shipyard in February of this year. At the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, tests of weapons systems are planned off the coast of Toulon.

Earlier it was reported that the submarine was supposed to go to factory sea trials in early March, but the exit was delayed due to quarantine introduced at the enterprise due to the coronavirus pandemic. According to the plans of the shipyard, the transfer of the submarine was supposed to take place this year, but at present the deadline is not discussed. Currently, the shipyard in Cherbourg at various stages of construction are four more submarines of this project.

The submarine, dubbed Suffren - in honor of the French admiral Suffren de Saint-Tropez - was built over 10 years. It was laid in December 2007, launched on July 12, 2019.

Submarines of this series are to replace in the French Navy obsolete Rubis-type submarines built between 1976 and 1993 a year.

The submarine's displacement is about 5300 T, the length is 99 m, the service life of a nuclear reactor reaches 10 years. Submarines will be armed with Scalp Naval and Exocet cruise missiles, as well as heavy Black Shark torpedoes.
Photos used:
DGA
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  1. Lord of the Sith
    Lord of the Sith April 29 2020 17: 05 New
    +3
    Multi-purpose. They will be spinning back and forth, spying on our submarines.
  2. KVU-NSVD
    KVU-NSVD April 29 2020 17: 06 New
    +4

    Displacement of the submarine - about 5300 tons, length - 99 m,
    Relatively small for a nuclear submarine. A lot of stuffed
    Submarines will be armed with Scalp Naval and Exocet cruise missiles, as well as Black Shark heavy torpedoes
    1. Sky strike fighter
      Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 17: 16 New
      -5
      How much is Varshavyanka's displacement of 636.3? 4000 tons with kopecks. Does Suffren get the displacement classmate NPL Varshavyanka and NPL Soryu? 1000 tons more in displacement. Varshavyanka has the Caliber of the Caliber, the Caliber of the Caliber, and the torpedoes too.
      1. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa April 29 2020 17: 40 New
        14
        Poking around in the sources is lazy. Therefore, I’ll just repeat what I wrote about the first building earlier.
        Barracuda is 2 times more Rubies in displacement, but 2,5 times less than our Ash ... Half the size of Virgins. A sort of "little inch" from the kingdom of Neptune. But nevertheless, it carries 20 units of weapons, including Scalpa, heavy TO (coupled BIUS with their heavy t-doy F-21 Artemis, now you can refuse English products!). We looked at the Germans and stuck a MICA-IR underwater missile system, developed on the basis of the RVV SD with a 2-mode IR seeker. The start is underwater, in a capsule, but the radius is up to 20 km and in height up to 8, it seems ... So, the Germans can only wipe themselves off with their MANPADS. We also worked on underwater controllability at large moves. The X-shaped aft plumage with rudders prevents the stern from sagging during circulation. They also borrowed this from the Norgen. We worked on the noise ... But it was not impressed - 45-50 dB is more than that of the 885M on GEDs ... Yes, they also borrowed from the Yankees the idea of ​​a capsule (Sea Wolfe) for combat swimmers. But only 12 people fit. The scope is not the same ... Amy 36 shoved!
        Interestingly, out of 60 crew members, only 4 quartermasters (contractors) are the remaining officers and non-commissioned officers (midshipmen), which implies a high professional level of training for submarine crews.
        They have one interesting detail - tech. solution for improving nuclear power plants. They combined the nuclear power plants and the PUF into one energy block ... And 10 years, this is the term for the reloading of fuel elements.
        Here is a short summary of what I managed to find about the "baby with shark teeth".
        1. tlauicol
          tlauicol April 29 2020 18: 28 New
          -1
          Interesting. Do you have data on the noise of Ruby?
        2. Subtext
          Subtext April 30 2020 11: 40 New
          0
          They have one interesting detail - tech. solution for improving nuclear power plants. They combined NPPs and PPU into one energy block ...

          In OK-650, this interesting detail was implemented in the 70s, ... KerGUUshniki can reveal the topic
    2. Sky strike fighter
      Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 17: 34 New
      0
      More about the Suffren class Barracuda.
      TTH:
      Displacement, t: - surface 4750 - 4765 - underwater 5300
      Length, m 99,4
      Width, m 8,8
      Height, m ​​15,7
      Draft, m 7,3
      The main power plant: • 1 K15 nuclear reactor with a capacity of 150 MW, • two turbo-reducers with a capacity of 20 MW, • 2 electric motors and one water-jet propulsion;
      Speed, knots: - underwater 25 - 28 - above water 14
      Working immersion depth, m up to 400
      Autonomy, days 50
      Crew 60 (12 officers)
      Warranty period, years 10
      Armament: 4 x 533 mm torpedo tubes Ammunition of torpedoes F21 Artemis (Black Shark) and anti-ship missiles Exocet SM39 Block2 - 20 12 × cruise missiles MDCN SCALP Naval.

      https://raigap.livejournal.com/367364.html
      1. KVU-NSVD
        KVU-NSVD April 29 2020 17: 41 New
        +2
        here’s yourself and figure out the difference with the arsenal of Warsaw
        1. Sky strike fighter
          Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 17: 46 New
          -2
          Well, perhaps Suffren has 12 KR against 4 (?) KR at Varshavyanka. And about 20 RCC / torpedoes.
          The performance characteristics, weapons

          DPL project 06363 - twin-hull, single-shaft and single-rotor.

          Designed to destroy surface ships and vessels, enemy submarines, patrol, patrol, reconnaissance, and protection of communications in the "near" sea zone.

          the length of the submarine is 73,8 m; width - 9,9 m; draft - 6,2 m;
          surface displacement - 2 thousand 350 tons, underwater - 3 thousand 100 tons;
          maximum immersion depth - up to 300 m;
          surface speed - 17 knots, underwater - up to 20 knots;
          the main power plant is a diesel-electric one (the main rowing electric motor with a capacity of about 5 thousand 500 hp and two 30DG diesel generators with a power of 1 thousand 500 kilowatts each);
          autonomy of swimming - 45 days;
          crew - 52 people.
          The boats of this type under construction for the Russian Navy have been modernized compared to the 636 / 636M: they received modern missile and torpedo armament, radio electronics and hydroacoustics systems. The boats are armed with six torpedo tubes of 533 mm caliber, the ammunition load includes 18 torpedoes or 24 mines, cruise missiles of the "Caliber-PL" complex. The use of noise-absorbing elements ensures high stealth of the boat.

          https://tass.ru/info/2087897
          1. Podvodnik
            Podvodnik April 29 2020 18: 45 New
            +6
            Well, maybe Suffren has 12 KR against 4 (?) KR at Varshavyanka


            So there are only 4 devices. If you load all of them with missiles, there will be no torpedoes for self-defense from the "enemy" plane. An air defense complex was also placed, but it also fires in a capsule from a torpedo tube. For all Wishlist "pipes" are not enough. That is another headache for the crew: With what ammunition in the TA to go to sea? It takes time to recharge.
            Well there are 12 KR. How fast can they be shot? Four in a salvo? That is, all devices are busy. And if torpedoes are needed? And as usual all of a sudden?
            1. Sky strike fighter
              Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 18: 59 New
              +3
              If you have to launch a missile launcher from another TA from Libya, they will prepare for it in advance. In the Kyrgyz Republic, you need to load the flight mission for certain goals that were previously explored. download only after preparation for predetermined goals.
              1. Podvodnik
                Podvodnik April 29 2020 20: 57 New
                +3
                .In the Kyrgyz Republic, it is necessary to load the flight mission for certain previously explored goals


                If the goals are predetermined, then all the data is in the shooting complex. It is not difficult to enter a flight mission directly into a rocket; it takes little time. Here is another problem:
                If, for example, there are two torpedoes and two anti-ship missiles in the devices, but there is a need to fire a CD on the coast (an order was received), it is necessary to change the TA load. To do this, unload the available ammunition into the compartment on the rack, load the necessary products into the TA. If there are only two places on the automated racks for each device, and everything else is "suspended" or in the "cellar", then it will be possible to quickly shoot only four RCs. The rest will have to be loaded onto an automated rack using hoists or something similar. The problem will be in the long manual overload of the next four CDs on the car rack. Those. "logistics". This is only from my own experience and observation. Unfortunately, I do not know the actual design of the French. I think that hardly all products have the ability to quickly arbitrary automatic loading and unloading.
      2. Charik
        Charik April 30 2020 17: 37 New
        0
        That is, if you load 12 missiles, then there will remain 8 torpedoes, so 636-4 missiles are standard and 14 torpedoes (and there, looking at the assignment).
        1. Sky strike fighter
          Sky strike fighter April 30 2020 18: 18 New
          0
          The boats 636.3 are armed with six torpedo tubes of 533 mm caliber, the ammunition load includes 18 torpedoes or 24 mines, cruise missiles of the Caliber-PL complex. I don't know the exact ratio.
          1. Charik
            Charik April 30 2020 18: 33 New
            0
            And as yesterday you confused Elk with Ohio, I uploaded photos for comparison, and the comments disappeared somewhere.
    3. TermNachTer
      TermNachTer April 29 2020 17: 49 New
      0
      Small displacement is not only +, but also -. Repair, modernization, installation of new weapons, equipment - where to poke? HAS antenna dimensions?
      1. Sky strike fighter
        Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 18: 12 New
        +1
        Do the French really need much? They do not drown aircraft carriers. They are allied with the United States, part of NATO. We need the MAPL 949A Antei to fight US surface ships and aircraft carriers, as well as the MAPL 971 hunters on the American Ohio and Elk / Virginia. KR is on Barracuda plus Exocet with torpedoes. their military-political situation is the most.
        1. TermNachTer
          TermNachTer April 29 2020 18: 32 New
          0
          Exocet is generally "tears". It is high time for it to be scrapped, and it is being put on a new nuclear submarine. Why do the French need an aircraft carrier if they don't need much?
          1. Sky strike fighter
            Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 18: 41 New
            +1
            I meant a lot of the functions that their MAPLs do not have to fulfill in terms of confronting the US Navy. The aircraft carrier fits well with the colonial expeditionary traditions of France. They have interests in the Arab world, in Africa too. Expeditions within the framework of NATO. Moreover, France is in the military Politically, if not the second, then precisely the third Western country after the United States and Great Britain. For them it is a necessary attribute emphasizing their status.
            1. TermNachTer
              TermNachTer April 29 2020 19: 28 New
              0
              Status is somehow not so hot. It costs more in repairs than in the sea. Yes, and expensive.
              1. Sky strike fighter
                Sky strike fighter April 29 2020 19: 30 New
                0
                Well, nevertheless. There wasn’t much work, so they relaxed.
                1. TermNachTer
                  TermNachTer 1 May 2020 10: 20 New
                  0
                  Honestly, I still do not understand why they need an aircraft carrier, like the British? For a long time there have been no their empires, and for a long time they are powers of the second magnitude.
                  1. Sky strike fighter
                    Sky strike fighter 1 May 2020 10: 30 New
                    0
                    They don’t think so. With this approach, you can then ask why we need our only aircraft carrier.
                    1. TermNachTer
                      TermNachTer 1 May 2020 13: 26 New
                      0
                      Well, Russia, like it or not, is a world leader and it has interests that must be protected.
          2. Charik
            Charik April 30 2020 17: 32 New
            0
            --SCALP Naval is created by the MBDA under the MdCN program (French Missile de Croisière Naval) for the French Navy, without the participation of other partners, as a modification of the sea-based (surface and underwater) SCALP EG cruise missile with a range of about 1000 km
            1. Sky strike fighter
              Sky strike fighter April 30 2020 20: 06 New
              0
              This is not a replacement for Exocet's SCR. SCALP Naval is a missile launcher for hitting the ground, not the ships.
              1. Charik
                Charik April 30 2020 20: 20 New
                0
                I did not say that it was RCC
                1. TermNachTer
                  TermNachTer 1 May 2020 10: 22 New
                  0
                  And opka what - it is only being created. That's when she goes into the series, then we’ll say what she’s worth. In the meantime, the French have a rocket created 50 years ago.
                  1. Charik
                    Charik 1 May 2020 10: 27 New
                    0
                    This head is on trials and two are already under construction
                    1. TermNachTer
                      TermNachTer 1 May 2020 10: 29 New
                      0
                      I'm not talking about the boat. but about the rocket. To equip a new boat with a rocket 50 years ago, does it make any sense? It would be better if the old boats were re-equipped with new missiles.
                      1. Charik
                        Charik 1 May 2020 10: 43 New
                        0
                        MM-40 for coastal defense and surface ships. The only version of a rocket with a turbojet engine. It has an increased launch range (on the modification of block III up to 180 km). Adopted in 2008. Vozbmut and cram into the nuclear submarines, we have the Caliber everywhere stuffed.
                      2. TermNachTer
                        TermNachTer 1 May 2020 13: 27 New
                        0
                        With modern air defense systems, subsonic anti-ship missiles are a dangerous illusion. It seems to be there, only there is no sense from her.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • nks
    nks April 29 2020 17: 43 New
    +3
    The service life of a nuclear reactor reaches 10 years.

    Who writes such heresy? 10 years is a cycle between fuel overloads. The torpedo, by the way, is the F21 Artemis, but it is really a derivative of the Black Shark torpedo joint with the Italians