Military Review

Russian fleet knives

Russian fleet knives
Multipurpose knife NVU. Photo

In service and supply of various units and parts of the naval fleet Russia consists of a number of knives for various purposes. Knives of various types can be used by combat swimmers, crews of ships or military personnel of coastal units. Depending on the challenges, such products help to engage in hand-to-hand combat or perform various tasks. Consider the most interesting examples of naval knives.

Universal diving knife

One of the main users of various knives in the Navy is the diving unit. In the past, various options for working knives were developed specifically for them, including with the possibility of use as weapons. At the end of the seventies another example of this kind was the "Universal Diving Knife" NVU. Despite the appearance of new products, NVU still remains in operation.

НВУ has a total length of 320 mm with a blade length of 164 mm. The blade is made of stainless steel or non-magnetic metal (modification NVU-AM). One and a half sharpening is used, forming a pointed combat end for delivering piercing strikes. Most of the butt is occupied by the serrator (absent on NVU-AM). The plastic mounted handle has a spindle shape with annular protrusions for ease of retention. A cross is provided to protect the hand. A handle has been embedded in the handle for use as a hammer.

The universal knife is equipped with plastic sheaths with a retaining rubber ring. The scabbard has a two-point mount to the diver's equipment.

NVU product quickly enough became a common working tool among divers. With its help, it was possible to cut or saw various materials, as well as to apply stabbing or crushing blows. For the same reasons, the knife was appreciated by combat swimmers.

Diving knife from KAMPO

Further development of the concept of a multi-purpose working knife can be considered a “diving knife” developed by KAMPO JSC, which was accepted for supply several years ago. This product is designed to carry out a variety of work and has enhanced functionality. It is also possible to use HB for self-defense.

Modern knife HB. Photo KAMPO /

In terms of dimensions, HB is similar to NVU, but differs in the size and proportions of the blade. The blade made of steel 100X13M or 95X18 has a characteristic shortened tip with one and a half sharpening. A long serreytor sharpening is provided for the butt. The side surface of the knife carries a ruler for quick measurement of objects. The blade connects to the rider's plastic handle, made at the same time with the cross. A block with a hole for a safety cable has been installed as a pommel - it is proposed to use it as a hammer.

The sheath for KAMPO NV is similar to the product for NVU, but have a different shape and are made of different plastic. At the same time, a two-point suspension to the diver’s equipment and a loop holding the knife handle are preserved.

Universal marine knife

For carrying out rigging and other work in the fleet, the so-called boatswain knives - in the past they were two-tool items with a blade for cutting objects and piles for working with ropes and cables. Now a new version of such a product, “Universal Marine Knife” from KAMPO, has been developed and is being prepared for production.

Adopted by NMU. Photo KAMPO /

NMU is folding and includes three items. Long and short blades of various configurations are fastened on one side of the handle. The short blade is equipped with a stripper for cutting the cable. At the top is a folding pile for working with ropes. In terms of functions and tasks, NMU is similar to old boatswain knives, but differs in modern design and improved ergonomics.

A few days ago, the Ministry of Defense announced the implementation of measures to adopt the NMU into the arsenal of the Navy. By the end of the year, the product will be accepted and put into series.

Compound Moray

As a universal tool for combat and for work, combat swimmers used NVU knives. Subsequently, several specialized designs appeared with characteristic features. One of these products was the Murena combat knife, developed by SARO by order of the Navy in order to equip anti-sabotage forces and equipment units (PDSS).

Moray eel knife with an established hacksaw blade. Photo

The tactical and technical task for the future "Murena" was particularly difficult. The customer required to provide both cutting soft objects and sawing hard. A knife with equal efficiency had to cope with ropes, algae, nets and metal up to 15 mm thick. Such a combination of characteristics in one blade turned out to be impossible, as a result of which an unusual design was proposed.

The Mureny blade is made of steel 65X13 and has a point with a bevel and one and a half sharpening. There is a long notch in the butt. On its surface there is a serrator with a large tooth, as well as a longitudinal groove. An additional hacksaw blade for cutting metal objects is installed in the groove. The handle is made in the form of a pair of linings on the shank. The spider is part of the blade strip. The knife is equipped with plastic sheaths with a textile loop securing the handle.

According to well-known data, Murena reached the series and was limitedly supplied to the relevant units of the Navy. The real effectiveness of the main design solutions was not reported. At the same time, the composite design of the multifunctional blade caused controversy among cold steel lovers.

The Needle and its sheath

According to well-known data, the PDSS also has the Igla combat knife developed by the Melita-K enterprise. The knife and its sheath are a complete complex designed to solve all the basic tasks of cutting or chopping various materials.

The Needle and its sheath. Photo "Melita-K" /

Actually, the Igla knife is a 319 mm product with a 173 mm stainless steel blade; different grades are used. A pointed war end with one and a half sharpening is provided. The butt is equipped with a serrator and a 10-cm ruler. Near the crosspiece there is a recess for breaking the wire. The handle is a plastic horseman with a metal top.

The sheath is made in the form of a plastic cover with metal parts mounted on it. The sheath has a folding awl, nippers with relatively long handles, a combined hacksaw for wood and metal, and a screwdriver. The sheath with the tool is placed in a textile cover for suspension to equipment.

Needle tools close-up. Photo "Melita-K" /

The Needle product demonstrates an integrated approach to the design of combat knives. The main required functions are implemented within the knife itself. Other features that are not available for a simple blade are provided with a sheath of a special design.

From the past to the future

The development of combat and working knives for the Navy has been going on for more than a dozen years and has led to the emergence of a number of different models. At different times, universal and specialized models were offered and put into service for divers and combat swimmers, as well as for crews of ships and fighters of coastal units. Some samples were used only in some circles, while others were more widely used.

As a result, in the XNUMXth century, naval knives have come a long way from the simplest designs made of old materials to complex multi-object and multifunctional devices with the broadest possibilities, made of modern alloys and plastics. The last steps in this direction can be observed right now in fresh the news... At the same time, it can be assumed that even more advanced designs will appear in the future. Thanks to this, the fleet will not be left without knives - the most important tools that remain invisible against the background of ships.
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 5 May 2020 06: 17 New
    Thanks. Much more interesting and informative than the previous, hastily tailored article, based on the "new diving knife".
  2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 May 2020 06: 19 New
    Damn, damn it, damn it! Dear Cyril - a little and superficial, why .......
    The reader at VO “desires a lot and deeply”, as he is savvy, spoiled and an advanced user on many topics !!!
    Alas, you are in your works, well, you can’t call it a “voice in Europe” otherwise. Why, because you know how and can give the "highlight" !!! I have been reading you for a long time and know your potential. For God's sake, do not be offended by criticism, just listen!
    Well, what prevented you from issuing a series of articles "Melee weapons of the Russian Sea Wolves" !!! Towards the end of the work, both the conclusions and the arguments themselves developed and would not have had the stamping-slogan character! And the forum member went to the site of your articles in a jamb, as he would go all the way to an interesting topic from and to! And you still threw a couple of materials about the state of “cold steel at foreign seamen” and again the grateful reader soaked up your work, bringing the attendance rating and, accordingly, the money to the site!
    Sorry again for the harshness, with deep respect for your work !!!
    Well, the truth is Cyril, the second month in a row, I read you and crawl to third-party resources "catch up" on the topic!
    1. Ros 56
      Ros 56 5 May 2020 07: 08 New
      To get acquainted with the topic is quite enough, and if you want to collect material for a dissertation, then go to the library and study, study and study. lol negative hi
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 5 May 2020 09: 52 New
        Salute of the Orenburg region!
        Yes, I'm so spoiled !!! If you get a "twist" it is better in a "cupcake" with "milk and foams"! I will provide myself a fireplace and a sofa !!!
        Regards, Kote!
    2. Aag
      Aag 5 May 2020 20: 46 New
      By joining the author of the above comment on all points (to a greater or lesser extent) hi
      The author of the article success in development, popularization of the topic!
    3. Mister X
      Mister X 6 May 2020 21: 33 New
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      For God's sake, do not be offended by criticism, just listen!

      hi I doubt that he has time to read comments on his articles.
      I have long ceased to contact him with questions / suggestions.
      I’ve been at VO since 2012, and I don’t remember a single reaction from him sad
  3. Free wind
    Free wind 5 May 2020 06: 41 New
    Knife NVU, made quite clumsily, well, in the photo it may have become so from an old age, there is no hole for attaching a safety cord, for divers it should be important. Well, the seriator is used to facilitate cutting, well, in a pinch, not a couple of mm file. The diving knife, made of course of better quality, but for what it is needed, only cut something, this shape of the knife is not for me. NMU, when using the pile, you’ll rather break the knife, again such sharpening is not for me, it’s more likely to belong to the caste, I would prefer a different warehouse in the feed .. Murena, everything is fine here, the only question is how the hacksaw blade is fixed, especially when folded condition. With a needle, they’ve made something wise, sharpening the blade, torment the blade sharpening. It takes about 3 days to deal with the sheath. Well, for all knives, the rider handles and type-set ones, the junction of the blade and the handle is very weak, stick the knife and loosen a little, you can cut the tool. The article is interesting, thanks to the author.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 6 May 2020 19: 04 New
      Quote: Free Wind
      rider handles and typesetting, the connection between the blade and the handle is very weak

      And what about what?
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 6 May 2020 19: 30 New
        The shape of the blade with the dial is almost the same as that of the riders.
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 6 May 2020 19: 38 New
          Quote: Free Wind
          Blade shape with folding handle

          Any. Irrelevant.
          1. Free wind
            Free wind 6 May 2020 19: 55 New
            Well, the transition from blade to shank is weakened, that of a rider is that of a typesetter.
            1. Mordvin 3
              Mordvin 3 6 May 2020 20: 03 New
              Quote: Free Wind
              Well, the transition from blade to shank is weakened, that of a rider is that of a typesetter.

              Typesetting, as a rule, has a through installation, and it will be stronger than the horseman.
              1. Free wind
                Free wind 6 May 2020 20: 28 New
                The answer is below.
            2. Free wind
              Free wind 6 May 2020 20: 26 New
              On the boron handle, I think it is more reliable than the horseman, the compound knife made time out of birch bark. There was no one to tell by trial and error, I was about 22. I could use the forge, there was a pneumatic hammer, an anvil and emery, and of course the horn was natural. Of course, I did not know metals, only with valves. Once I ran into the exhaust ZILovsky, it banged nobly. I didn’t even try to do the hilt, the drills were in short supply. I tried to wind the sticks of burning plastic, the handle is strong, it will do for homework. Then he began to do with overhead handles, duralumin, most of all. Moreover, he liked to mark knives. the commando did not work, but the gates in the garage were all exhausted. My knife was stolen from the cab, and something I stopped this pampering.
  4. Tugarin
    Tugarin 5 May 2020 11: 00 New
    And how much do these products cost?
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 5 May 2020 14: 35 New
      Well, Moray about 10.000 rubles, well, no less for sure. Expensive, well them.
  5. sibiryouk
    sibiryouk 5 May 2020 14: 02 New
    An NVU knife in the 60-70s of the XXth century was sold in hunting stores on a hunting ticket; my dad still has it with my dad! Quite heavy and sharpening (I remember it well) was so-so, only to chop chips.
  6. Old26
    Old26 5 May 2020 16: 36 New
    Quote: Free Wind
    Knife NVU, made quite clumsily, well, in the photo it may have become so from an old age, there is no hole for attaching a safety cord, for divers it should be important.

    Dear Alexander! You have read the article inattentively. It says about the knife
    A block with a hole for a safety cable has been installed as a pommel - it is proposed to use it as a hammer.

    Quote: Free Wind
    The diving knife, made of course of better quality, but for what it is needed, only cut something, this shape of the knife is not for me.

    You probably don't like a somewhat unusual blade - a modified tanto. I have already had a folding man with a "tanto" blade for 20 years already - no complaints. Although the blade has already worn out enough.

    Quote: Free Wind
    Well, Moray about 10.000 rubles, well, no less for sure. Expensive, well them.

    In the "Nozhikov" store, the cost is as follows. "Murena" costs 10999, and HB - 12999. The cheapest - "diver" - 6999
    1. Aag
      Aag 6 May 2020 17: 58 New
      Something topic did not go ... It is a pity. I was hoping for an interesting discussion. Apparently, now all the strategists: nuclear weapons are considered to be the country (s) they rule.
      "But there is no hammer in the house" laughing
      Taking advantage of the lull, I allow myself to state a few points ... IMHO.
      In the topic of knives, it is probably not worth considering the topic raised by the author of the article.
      Rather, even for sure, this is a tool. Very specific. Firstly, the knife is an indispensable part of equipment when diving under water. Even when underwater fishing (the so-called software for underwater hunting is now legally called).
      Some commentators complain about the "rudeness" of the execution of the products under discussion. Well, so army bayonet knives do not differ in elegance either. Specificity, however ...
      And, let's not forget that under water work, in the vast majority of cases, in gloves, mittens of different thicknesses and elasticities.
      1. Aag
        Aag 6 May 2020 18: 32 New
        In such conditions (limited visibility, tactility), the shape of the handle becomes of great importance. It should not have absolute axial symmetry. To feel, with one grip, you could orient the position of the knife in the hand.
        According to the "sharpness" of the blade ... Well, you won't sharpen pencils or cut silk ribbons under water. Dig something, knock a little; the main thing is to cut the ends (ropes), etc ...
        There is another aspect of the use of knives by divers, light divers. The risk of damage to the wetsuit. A knife with razor sharpening may be excessive during work, but fatally dangerous for the user.
        Of particular importance, in connection with this, is the knife fastening system. Where and how to fix the spores do not subside. Apparently, it depends on the conditions and task. General requirement: reliability of fixation, ease of removal, preferably with one (preferably with any hand). And, many forget, - the return of the knife into place.
        1. Aag
          Aag 6 May 2020 18: 52 New
          The likelihood of damage to yourself)))) (wetsuit).
          By the weight of the underwater knives. More precisely, by weight. It matters when you need to knock a little. In other cases, I think we should consider buoyancy. Again, this is a dilemma, is salinity (not talking about water temperature). Preferences, apparently, should be the following: when working on the surface, -positive; at the bottom, -negative. Again, there are nuances (currents, the nature of the soil).
          Sorry if I tired of anyone ...
          I just wanted to say that the topic is vast, interesting, and most importantly, it allows me to verify the validity of some conclusions, unlike the theses on global politics.))) hi
    2. Passing
      Passing 1 July 2020 16: 55 New
      Tell me what is the advantage of this form of the tanto blade over the usual pointed form? What is easier to sharpen, is it understandable, but in functional terms? Here's how potato eyes to pick out?
  7. Old26
    Old26 6 May 2020 18: 34 New
    Quote: AAG
    Something topic did not go ... It is a pity. I hoped for an interesting discussion.

    Alexander! It is difficult to conduct an interesting discussion if this knife was not in the hands. In addition, folding NMU is too specific. Only he (like the old version of such a knife) who used it can say about him.
    Personally, I just do not need this skunk knife. I’ll hardly knit or untie the knots when I’ll use the pile, too. In principle, like a diving knife of type HB with a "tanto" blade. For this there are other knives that can be used (and do). So the topic is interesting, but only as an informational option.
  8. ruivit1988
    ruivit1988 2 August 2020 05: 07 New
    In my opinion, civilian underwater knives are now much more successful than military diving knives. Take the same knives from the Sargan office, they are much better in grip and cut the line's ropes in the blink of an eye. Well, underwater seconds can take away or save lives. Judging by the photo, I would not have taken one knife for spearfishing or diving, since judging by their appearance, they have completely disadvantages. In general, there are warehouses there why they are, how to work with them in thick gloves or mittens is beyond the mind! All blades are straight, not concave, too, a fat minus will not cut ropes with nets so effectively. No, these knives, frankly speaking, are not very good.