Military Review

Against rockets and satellites. What is known about the A-235 Nudol system

40

Currently, Moscow and the central economic region of Russia are protected from a nuclear missile attack by a likely enemy in the form of the A-135 Amur missile defense system. In order to maintain the required defense capability, this system is being modernized. Some details of such works are spoken openly.


Plans for the near future


Since the beginning of this year, officials and the media have several times reported on various activities in the context of the development of the existing missile defense system. First of all, we are again talking about the modernization of the deployed system through the introduction of new components.

On January 22, Krasnaya Zvezda published an interview with the commander of the 1st Air Defense Forces of the Air Defense Forces, Major General Sergei Grabchuk. Talking about the prospects of missile defense, he recalled the deep modernization of the system without stopping combat duty. A transition to a modern elemental base is underway. New electronic computing tools with high performance are being mastered.

The development of promising missile defense continues successfully. Due to their appearance, in the near future it will be possible to increase the characteristics of missile defense as a whole and expand its combat capabilities.


However, the subject of missile defense development was not disclosed in more detail. The special importance of such projects makes it necessary to maintain secrecy and does not allow to disclose even the most general data of a technical nature.

According to foreign data


On April 15, Russian missile and anti-space defense projects again led to high-profile statements. The US Space Command issued a special statement on the latest actions of Russia. The reason for this performance was the next test of the Russian anti-satellite weapons.

The statement noted that the Space Command recorded the testing of anti-satellite missiles on April 15. In this regard, they recalled the readiness of the United States to deter any aggression against them or their allies. Also in the statement of the Space Command they recalled “suspicious” spacecraft from the Russian group. In February, they maneuvered near an American satellite, which threatened its operability.

The official statement by the Space Command culminated in Russia's accusations of limiting the US space potential while creating its own anti-satellite weapons. The authors also recalled the importance of space programs, the fight against the current pandemic, etc.


It is curious that the next report on the tests of the Russian PRO-PKO system is again coming from foreign sources. News this kind has regularly appeared since 2014, and so far only the Pentagon and foreign media publish them. The Russian Ministry of Defense also regularly reports on tests of various missile defense components, but the topic of space defense has not yet been disclosed.

Ways of modernization


According to well-known data, the result of the current modernization of the A-135 Amur missile defense system will be the appearance of the promising A-235 Nudol missile system with wider capabilities and other characteristics. Apparently, the preservation of the main part of the infrastructure and components of the A-135 is provided for when they are updated and supplemented with other products.

The main components of the system, such as Don-2N radar for detection and tracking, command posts, fixed firing systems, etc. must go through modernization with the transition to a modern elemental base and with some improvement in performance. Some change in transport, energy and other infrastructure is possible due to a change in available components and the introduction of new ones.

The Nudol system should preserve Amur’s existing capabilities to combat ballistic targets, such as missile warheads of a potential enemy. In order to develop the combat capabilities of the missile defense system, the modernized PRS-1M short-range interceptor missile has been developed and is being tested, designed to replace the existing PRS-1. It is known that several test launches were successful.

Against satellites


From 2014-15 Foreign sources regularly report on the testing of a promising interceptor missile designed to combat targets in low Earth orbits. The latest news of this kind appeared just the other day - and again criticism and aggressive rhetoric followed.


In foreign sources, the new missile is called PL-19. The actual designation used by the Russian military is still unknown. The standard mobile launcher, according to some reports, is designated as P-222.

According to foreign data, since 2014, eight test launches took place - the latter took place a few days ago. Part of the launches was successful. The first tests were carried out using a ground launcher; since 2018, the standard self-propelled P-222 combat vehicle was used.

Russian officials have not yet confirmed the development of weapons to combat orbital targets, but they do not refute the existence of such projects. In addition, the news and statements of recent months do not contradict each other. Perhaps in the future, the Russian Ministry of Defense will nevertheless disclose the basic data on a promising project.

Extended capabilities


From the available data it follows that the work on deep modernization of Amur and its restructuring into Nudol continues and is gradually approaching successful completion. In the coming years, the A-235 system will be able to take up combat duty, improving the protection of the capital region from an expanded range of potential threats.

Against rockets and satellites. What is known about the A-235 Nudol system

The A-235 system should maintain and improve its predecessor's ability to monitor the situation and identify potentially dangerous objects. In addition, it is necessary to ensure the ability to intercept ballistic targets using improved missile defense. While it comes to the modernization of one of the existing missiles, but in the future, the appearance of completely new products.

In the conditions of the modern conflict, the space grouping, equipped with devices for various purposes, is of particular importance. In addition, there is a risk of promising military orbital platforms. Such factors stimulate the development of anti-space tools to enhance the "traditional" missile defense. Judging by the news from foreign military structures and the media, similar work is already underway in our country and in some other states.

Thus, on the basis of the existing A-135 Amur missile defense system, a promising A-235 Nudol missile and anti-space defense system is already being created. By preserving the best features of the predecessor and obtaining fundamentally new components, a promising system will be able to more effectively solve the defense tasks of a critical area.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Bmpd.livejournal.com
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  1. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin April 22 2020 06: 05 New
    +6
    It is curious that the next report on the tests of the Russian PRO-PKO system is again coming from foreign sources. News of this kind has been appearing regularly since 2014, and so far only the Pentagon and foreign media publish it. The Russian Ministry of Defense also regularly reports on tests of various missile defense components, however, the topic of space defense has not yet been revealed.

    Who needs to know. And the curious will wait
    1. military_cat
      military_cat April 22 2020 08: 00 New
      -10
      Such factors stimulate the development of anti-space tools to enhance the "traditional" missile defense. Judging by the news from foreign military structures and the media, similar work is already underway in our country and in some other states.
      In other states, satellites from orbits were already beaten during trials (China, USA, India). And when in Russia? I expected that the recent test will already be on a real satellite, but it will again go somewhere to the test site.
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin April 22 2020 08: 11 New
        0
        Quote: military_cat
        And when in Russia? I expected that the recent test will already be on a real satellite, but it will again go somewhere to the test site.

        Most likely, not everything is ready yet. Bring to mind.
        Part of the launches was successful

        Probably when all starts are successful

        It seems that not only will they shoot down missiles
        Also in the statement of the Space Command they recalled “suspicious” spacecraft from the Russian group. In February, they maneuvered near an American satellite, which threatened its operability.

        Here another pleases
        The US Space Command issued a special statement on the latest actions of Russia. The reason for such a speech was the next test of the Russian anti-satellite weapons.

        The official statement by the Space Command culminated in Russia's accusations of limiting the US space potential while creating its own anti-satellite weapons.

        According to foreign data, since 2014, eight test launches took place - the latter took place a few days ago. .

        Fussed
        1. military_cat
          military_cat April 22 2020 08: 18 New
          -3
          Quote: Lipchanin
          It seems that not only will they shoot down missiles

          This is a very long circuit. While the interceptor satellite, revolving around the Earth, synchronizes its orbit with the target satellite, it is itself an excellent target for an anti-satellite missile. Such a scheme was the norm in the last century, when no one had anti-satellite missiles. And now the USA, China and India already have them.
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin April 22 2020 08: 22 New
            +2
            Quote: military_cat
            This is a very long circuit.

            But I’m not saying that they’ll only shoot down satellites
            he himself is an excellent target for an anti-satellite missile.

            If you get it. The satellite will be able to shoot in high orbits where missiles do not reach
            And now the USA, China and India already have them.

            Well, let yourself stand
            They will bring ours to mind, and we will put it.
            Hurry here is absolutely not needed
          2. venik
            venik April 22 2020 11: 24 New
            -1
            Quote: military_cat
            This is a very long circuit. While the interceptor satellite, revolving around the Earth, synchronizes its orbit with the target satellite,

            =======
            And what is the PRINCIPAL difference between the orbiting satellite interceptor and the interceptor missile - only in the fact that the orbital interceptor is ALREADY in space, and the rocket still needs to be put into orbit. Otherwise, everything acts in a similar way!
            -------
            Quote: military_cat
            he himself is an excellent target for an anti-satellite missile

            =======
            And you try to bring down the orbiting satellite interceptor, which itself began to actively maneuver!
            And if you shoot down in advance (preemptive strike), then how to distinguish enemy reconnaissance satellites from interceptor satellites? This is a troublesome business! He (the traveler "is not written on his forehead" that he is an "interceptor" ...
            -------------
            Quote: military_cat
            Such a scheme was the norm in the last century, when no one had anti-satellite missiles. And now the USA, China and India already have them.

            =======
            Those. Are you saying that the Chinese shot down an old meteorological satellite, which was hanging in orbit for 1000 km, with an "interceptor missile" ??? Don't tell my horseshoes! They also launched an interceptor satellite into orbit!
            It is possible to shoot down satellites with an "interceptor missile only in LOW orbits!"
            1. military_cat
              military_cat April 22 2020 12: 08 New
              +1
              Quote: venik
              And you try to bring down the orbiting satellite interceptor, which itself began to actively maneuver!
              Orbital maneuvers are not drifting at the kartodrome, they are short impulses at the most advantageous points and long flight periods in already new orbits. Otherwise, no fuel is enough.

              Quote: venik
              And if you shoot down in advance (preemptive strike), then how to distinguish enemy reconnaissance satellites from interceptor satellites? This is a troublesome business! He (the traveler "is not written on his forehead" that he is an "interceptor" ...

              When it comes down to business, no one will figure out if the satellite is approaching a real interception, or just ask. Let’s say one target can be disabled in this way. Then everything will go astray at the slightest creep.

              Those. Are you saying that the Chinese shot down an old meteorological satellite, which was hanging in orbit for 1000 km, with an "interceptor missile" ???
              That is exactly what I want to say. No one denies this, and in my opinion, denying this is silly.
              1. venik
                venik April 22 2020 13: 38 New
                -1
                Quote: military_cat
                Orbital maneuvers are not drifting at the kartodrome, they are short impulses at the most advantageous points and long flight periods in already new orbits. Otherwise, no fuel is enough.

                ======
                Who would argue, but I won’t! good Here are just to "shoot down" an object that suddenly ("for no reason, no reason") began to actively maneuver in orbit, (and exactly Americans and "figured out" our satellites, "inspectors") - a task that is at least ONE ORDER (but rather not TWO ORDERS) more difficult than "fucking" an object flying in a constant orbit! So, the hunt for satellites-interceptors, which ALREADY began to actively maneuver - "dead number"! There is only one thing left: TO BEAT on everyone who IS CLOSING! And this - "BLACK"! You can run into it! Well, not all countries will" confidentially "report the parameters of the orbits of their military satellites ..... And in space and civil and military facilities (including" garbage ") - not hundreds - thousands!
                -----------
                Quote: military_cat
                That is exactly what I want to say. No one denies this, and in my opinion, denying this is silly.

                ========
                drinks Only an artificial Earth satellite can shoot down an artificial Earth satellite (it does not matter if it is in orbit for a long time or "entered space" for a few minutes! good
      2. neri73-r
        neri73-r April 22 2020 09: 55 New
        0
        Quote: military_cat
        In other states, satellites from orbits were already beaten during trials (China, USA, India). And when in Russia? I expected that the recent test will already be on a real satellite, but it will again go somewhere to the test site.

        We shot him down, if I am not mistaken, the first in 1967! We have nowhere to rush.
        1. military_cat
          military_cat April 22 2020 12: 09 New
          -2
          Shot down not with an anti-missile / anti-satellite missile strike, that's what we're talking about. I know about the IS program.
          1. neri73-r
            neri73-r April 22 2020 12: 16 New
            -1
            They didn’t bring down an anti-missile / anti-satellite missile strike, this is what we are talking about.


            I even made a mistake in the date!
            On 4 on March 1961, an event took place that the vast majority of scientists and specialists sincerely considered absolutely impossible. On this day, the world's first experimental B-1000 rocket in the stratosphere destroyed a ballistic missile warhead approaching the target.
      3. venik
        venik April 22 2020 11: 06 New
        +2
        Quote: military_cat
        In other states, satellites from orbits were already beaten during trials (China, USA, India). And when in Russia?

        ========
        Dear cat! First case combat defeat of a space object occurred in August 1970 - a Soviet interceptor satellite successfully hit a space object! And back in 1979, after a series of successful tests, an orbital anti-satellite group was deployed in the USSR!
        Then a moratorium on tests of the SAR came into force, due to the danger of contamination of the orbit with a huge amount of debris that threatens any spacecraft.
        PS Today, in order to test the effectiveness of the PSO, it is not at all necessary to destroy the satellites, producing piles of "space debris" (it is already dangerous to fly in near-earth orbits - it has become dangerous to fly) - it is enough to bring the interceptor or the warhead to the fusing distance Warhead, with the help of telemetry means, make sure that the object is in the zone of "guaranteed destruction" - then the conditional "detonation" and the withdrawal of the interceptor from orbit .... The satellite flies on: everyone is happy!
        The Chinese and Indians rushed satellites to "loudly slam the door" to declare themselves louder (for which they all "ran into" in unison), and the states shot down their own satellite (like with a reactor), which left orbit and according to calculations could collapse Canada and the United States.
        Well, then why do we need this?
        1. Mimoprohodil
          Mimoprohodil April 22 2020 16: 11 New
          -1
          Quote: venik
          an orbital anti-satellite group was deployed in the USSR!
          Is this the way fighter satellites storage somewhere in warehouses called?
          1. venik
            venik April 22 2020 16: 36 New
            0
            Quote: Mimoprohodil
            Is this the way fighter satellites storage somewhere in warehouses called?

            =======
            Far from it! This is the name of the REALLY existed (before "Gorbachev's perestroika") satellite constellation!
            1. Mimoprohodil
              Mimoprohodil April 23 2020 10: 12 New
              0
              Quote: venik
              This is the name of the REALLY existed (before "Gorbachev's perestroika") satellite constellation!
              No, at one o'clock the X was supposed to be launched by rockets. It was not a space grouping that was in service, but an anti-space defense complex (including, among other things, rocket launchers and a launch pad for their launch)
      4. Passing
        Passing 27 June 2020 18: 35 New
        0
        Quote: military_cat
        In other states, satellites from orbits were already beaten during trials (China, USA, India). And when in Russia?

        Ok, it’s been the eleventh year since our Americans shot down a satellite!
  2. kjhg
    kjhg April 22 2020 06: 21 New
    +7
    Surprisingly, from the article did not learn about any news, no specifics. And, I’m not sure whether such news will appear at all and whether it is necessary to give such information to the public. About the fact that Cupid is being modernized, that missiles are being tested, we have known for over a dozen years. Well, the fact that similar work is being carried out in other countries is also a well-known fact. In general, I did not understand why this article was written. It seems that today is not even a day of celebrating missile defense?
    1. AUL
      AUL April 22 2020 07: 06 New
      +4
      A lot of letters and no information.
      1. Lexus
        Lexus April 23 2020 00: 10 New
        +1
        And satellites, as usual, suffer only on paper and in reports.
  3. G. Georgiev
    G. Georgiev April 22 2020 07: 03 New
    +1
    So nothing is known. What was this article without a number?
  4. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev April 22 2020 08: 14 New
    -2
    Unlike the United States, which loves to shout about their achievements, ours just work.
  5. Hwostatij
    Hwostatij April 22 2020 08: 44 New
    -2
    What the heresy about mobile launchers? Something I did not hear that we were withdrawing from the 1972 ABM Treaty, unlike our partners.
    1. Peter is not the first
      Peter is not the first April 22 2020 09: 11 New
      0
      Yes, such a statement did not occur, but only two parties participated in this ABM treaty, and one of them, according to the clauses of the treaty, withdrew from it after 6 months reporting it, which means the treaty itself became null and void. So Russia formally, without leaving it, may not comply with it since it has been canceled.
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 April 22 2020 08: 46 New
    -2
    All this is difficult, expensive, and even how many products are needed, even objective discussion will not work.
    I must say, if necessary, IT IS NECESSARY TO DO .... but, as it is, there is no certainty of that.
    However, this is already a "giraffe", decides. He's big, he knows better.
  7. vvvjak
    vvvjak April 22 2020 08: 59 New
    +1
    And that there were no real photos of "Nudol" for the article.

    why insert "left" pictures.
    1. bars1
      bars1 April 22 2020 10: 16 New
      +2
      vvvjak, in your photo a rocket for the PRS-1M mine installation, more overall. The old one, in general, is now modernized. The main feature of Nudol is the presence of SPU. And the rockets there are different - new.
      1. vvvjak
        vvvjak April 22 2020 11: 31 New
        0
        Quote: bars1
        The main feature of Nudol is the presence of SPU.

        At the rumor level. It is believed that the SPU of Nudol is C 500, the likely image of which is attached to the article.
  8. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. April 22 2020 10: 32 New
    +1
    By preserving the best features of the predecessor and obtaining fundamentally new components, a promising system will be able to more effectively solve the defense tasks of a critical area.

    The big question is how effective are missile defense systems.
    For example, R-36M (SS-18 Satan) in addition to light targets, to overcome missile defense, quasi-heavy false targets were used.
    MX LGM-118A in addition to light targets, carried 10 heavy false targets, which reduced the probability of hitting the target by 50%. + interference generator.
    The interception of maneuvering blocks of the glider type is from the area of ​​the distant future.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 22 2020 16: 38 New
      0
      There are no false targets or warhead maneuvers on American ICBMs.
      They only believe in accuracy. And, it seems, they do not really believe in Nudol.
      It is impossible to verify this "belief". And, God forbid, never have to. drinks
      1. Dmitry V.
        Dmitry V. April 23 2020 15: 31 New
        0
        Quote: voyaka uh
        They only believe in accuracy.


        Well, they have not a bad accuracy of 120 m KVO.
        However, ours also fall into the "column" on the Kura :))

        The big question is who has the CWO less: them with ANN and ours with astro correction :).
        One thing is for sure - astro is many times cheaper.
    2. Bald rat
      Bald rat April 22 2020 18: 03 New
      0
      Low efficiency there. Then I read that about 3 missiles per 1 BB so that with a guarantee to get.
  9. Operator
    Operator April 22 2020 14: 16 New
    +1
    Mine anti-missile A-235 and mobile universal (anti-aircraft / anti-missile / anti-satellite) S-500 "Nudol" are two different things.
    1. Sky strike fighter
      Sky strike fighter April 22 2020 15: 26 New
      0
      A-235 is also in the mobile version.
  10. Arslan Ali
    Arslan Ali April 22 2020 16: 56 New
    0
    I have a question: What kind of missile defense system of the USSR or anti-missile system was called Galosha in NATO? Thank you in advance.
  11. Arslan Ali
    Arslan Ali April 22 2020 16: 59 New
    0
    "Galosha" was a mobile system and took part in parades.
  12. Arslan Ali
    Arslan Ali April 22 2020 17: 04 New
    0
    I have a question: What kind of missile defense system of the USSR or antimissile was called "Galosha" in NATO? She was mobile and took part in parades.
  13. Old26
    Old26 April 22 2020 20: 09 New
    +4
    Quote: Arslan Ali
    I have a question: What kind of missile defense system of the USSR or anti-missile system was called Galosha in NATO? Thank you in advance.

    The GALOSH anti-missile system is the anti-missile system of the short-range interception of the A-35 and A-35M missile defense systems. In our country, it was designated A-350ZH and A-350R (or UR-96 / 96M, or 5V61 / 5V61R). In the west, they walked under the index ABM-1a ABM-1b

    Quote: Arslan Ali
    "Galosha" was a mobile system and took part in parades.

    It has always been a stationary system. And at the parades there were mine ICBMs, which were by no means mobile
  14. Maks winter
    Maks winter April 23 2020 16: 42 New
    0
    ... improving the defense of the metropolitan region from an extended range of potential threats ...
    And the rest of Russia ... Rather, this city would not have remained on the world map ...
    1. military_cat
      military_cat April 24 2020 17: 18 New
      -2
      Missile defense in Zamkadye is much worse than in missile defense. It's true. But one must keep in mind that no one is interested in Zamkadye even as a target for a nuclear ICBM. Zamkad residents are engaged in agriculture, gathering and do not pose any economic or military threat. Therefore, dropping bombs or ICBMs on them is a pointless expenditure of ammunition. So, it was quite fair for them to establish worse missile defense systems than in the Capital, where you have to be on the cutting edge of geopolitical confrontation.