Military Review

Eastern horns of the Third Reich. Joseph Goebbels vs Bolsheviks

43
Eastern horns of the Third Reich. Joseph Goebbels vs Bolsheviks

A typical example of a Goebbels flyer. Source: dearkitty1.wordpress.com


The mythical city of Vineta


In the Third Reich, the Ministry of Propaganda and Education, which, as you know, was headed by Joseph Goebbels, initially consisted of five departments: the press, radio, active propaganda, film, theater and education. Subsequently, with the growth of territories, the ministry expanded to 15 departments (by 1940), and in 1942 one more was added to them. Goebbels tried in his department to concentrate full control over the thoughts and emotions of burghers and enslaved peoples. In particular, four departments were responsible for various media, including foreign ones, five controlled all types of art, and two departments (propaganda and special tasks) worked to promote the ideas of anti-Semitism and Aryan superiority. And that’s not all. History Hitler’s propaganda service is eventful and especially instructive in light of what is happening in the world. We will choose its most interesting sector - work on the Eastern Front.


Ardent Nazi Eberhart Taubert. Source: dearkitty1.wordpress.com

The most important event directly related to the Soviet Union was the organization in the Goebbels ministry in early 1941 of the Vineta department. In the best traditions of Hitler's mysticism, the department received a name in honor of the mythical city, allegedly located several centuries ago at the mouth of the Oder. The fate of the townspeople turned out to be unenviable - for numerous sins they swallowed the Baltic Sea. The head of the new service was Eberhart Taubert, who became famous for the authorship of the script for the film "The Eternal Jew" and the idea of ​​forcing Jews to wear a yellow six-pointed star. Taubert, of course, who had the most direct relation to the punitive essence of Nazism, did not suffer any punishment in the post-war period. Moreover, he participated in attempts to revive Nazism in Germany, and also advised many state structures. The rich experience of aggressive propaganda policy turned out to be in demand by both third world countries and the special services of developed states.


Source: dearkitty1.wordpress.com

Vineta was divided into so-called editorial offices: Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Estonian, Azerbaijani and Georgian. The tasks of the units included the translation, preparation and publication of various materials in the languages ​​of these peoples. A few months before the start of the war, appropriate brochures, leaflets, posters and other propaganda waste paper were prepared, which were equipped with the advanced units of the Wehrmacht. A feature of Vineta was not just work in the occupied territory, but the presence of specialists directly at the front, along with units of the regular army. By the way, the first time the announcers aired on the Eastern Front at 10 a.m. on June 22. The infamous leaflet “Beat the Jew-Political Officer, erysipelas asks for a brick!” they also came up with Vineta and managed to print 160 million copies by the beginning of the war.

Help from collaborators


Now about the "specialists" of the Vineta department. Naturally, the Germans could not fully conduct such widespread propaganda in eight languages ​​(at least) and attracted numerous white emigrants and famous cultural figures for this. Served the Third Reich in this dirty business, in particular, the artist Viktor Ostroumov, the performer of the main parts of the world opera classics Ivan Zhadan, the Moscow Art Theater actor Sergei Sverchkov and many other Soviet artists who were in German captivity. Approximately the same principle recruited employees of other national editions of the Vineta department.


The screenwriter for Eternal Jew was the chef Vineta Taubert. Source: filmpro.ru

When it became clear that the lightning war on the Eastern Front was turning into a battle of attrition, Vineta's resources were expanded. By April 1943, the department was divided into four groups. The first broadcast three radio stations “The Old Lenin Guard”, the Russian nationalist “For Russia” and “separatist”, which aired in 18 languages. The broadcasting of these radio stations was always accompanied by completely believable information about the allegedly existing anti-communist underground in the USSR, as well as about the nationalist revolution, which was about to begin. An important operation of Vineta was the expertly forged anti-Soviet appeal of Yakov Stalin to his father, which was broadcast immediately from 35 points on the Eastern Front. In fact, Jacob did not say anything like that - his speech was simply glued in the desired sequence from a previously made recording of his voice.


Vsevolod Blumenthal-Tamarin. Source: ru.wikipedia.org

From Berlin, Vsevolod Blumenthal-Tamarin himself, often one of the most odious collaborators, often broadcast on the radio. This actor, who fell into occupation in Istra, agreed to cooperate with the Nazis, moved to the German capital, and from February 1942 he regularly persuaded Soviet citizens on the air to stop senseless resistance. The traitor's unconditional talent was the ability to imitate the voice of Joseph Stalin very accurately, which the Germans actively used in their propaganda. On May 10, 1945 he was found hanged in German Münsingen - according to one version, this was the result of the work of Soviet intelligence.


Source: ru.wikipedia.org

The second group of the updated Vineta was engaged in printing activities (leaflets, brochures), as well as censorship of everything that was distributed in the occupied territory. The third group translated the propaganda texts from German into the languages ​​of the target audience. And finally, the fourth group was designed to enhance the mood and misinformation of prisoners of war and eastern workers.

Wehrmacht officers against


When German troops on the Eastern Front began to retreat and lost their strategic initiative, it was impossible to limit themselves only to external propaganda activities in the department. It was also necessary to process their own army.

On December 22, 1943, Hitler ordered the organization of a specific institute of officers "for the implementation of the national socialist leadership." We can say that this Nationalsozialistischer Führungsoffizier, or NSFO, was largely tracing paper from the Institute of Red Army Commissars. The main tool was conversations and mass gatherings, which raised the already pretty weakened fighting spirit of the German soldier, as well as fostered hatred of the Red Army. Naturally, an important place in the work of the NSFO was the continuation of the ardent anti-Semitic policy of the Third Reich. They operated with such cliches as “loyalty to the Führer”, “obedience to his orders” and “victory in the end will be ours”. Toward the end of the war, as mentioned in the Military History Journal, in the Wehrmacht the officer’s ability to conduct ideological work with his subordinates was equated with his military tactical skills:

“An officer who does not know how to carry out political education and political leadership of his part is just as inconsistent with his appointment as an officer who does not know how to carry out tactical training and tactical leadership.”

Growing shortage weapons, technology and ammunition, the German command planned to level the fanaticality of its soldiers. Heinz Guderian, the chief of the Wehrmacht general headquarters, echoed the adherents of Nazi propaganda, asserting in an order of September 4, 1944:

"Every true warrior knows that relatives, women and children will be terrified if Jewish terror spread to Germany."

Goebbels scared the burghers that "the German people will be biologically completely destroyed."


One of the Nationalsozialistischer Führungsoffizier brochures. Source: de.wikipedia.org

What else did Germans intimidate with the civilian population of Germany and the occupied territories? The Russian State Military Archive stores a document called "Advocacy on Soviet methods of atrocities and terror." Goebbels signed it on April 24, 1944. Major General Hasso von Wedel, chief of the Wehrmacht’s High Command, received a copy of this order, in particular, and accepted it as a direct guide to action.


Source: snewsland.com

The peculiarity of the document is that Goebbels demanded its execution not only in the eastern territories, but throughout Europe. It was necessary to raise the entire population of the Old World in hatred of the Red Army. For this, a set of 14 horror stories was developed that would inevitably wait for every European citizen with the advent of the Red Army:

1. The extermination of the population and terror against it. Here atrocities against women, children, priests and the sick are especially effective.

2. Expulsion of the population to forced labor.

3. Forced population ousting for use at the front, where it, unarmed and untrained, serves as cannon fodder.

4. Movement of the population to remote areas of the Soviet Union.

5. When seizing settlements: the opening of prisons and robberies.

6. The destruction of churches, the desecration of shrines.

7. The destruction of cultural institutions. Arrests, expulsions and executions of leading cultural figures.

8. The imposition of Jews as local commanders. Atrocities carried out by Jews, denunciations of the population by Jews and the NKVD.

9. Transfer of local government to asocial elements, former prisoners.

10. Confiscation of food supplies and hunger among the population.

11. The introduction of the collective farm system.

12. Bringing salaries and prices to Soviet standards and reducing the living standard of workers to the Soviet level.

13. The introduction of the Stakhanov movement and the diaphoretic system in enterprises.

14. The closure of small shops and the destruction of craft industries.

No matter how unpleasant it was to admit, Goebbels propaganda was effective both at the beginning of the war and before its end. In the first months of the war, it certainly had an impact on the intensity of surrender of the surrounded Red Army soldiers, and just before the end Goebbels managed to inspire terror to the German population before the advancing Soviet army.
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy April 22 2020 06: 04 New
    -3
    Goebbels scared the burghers that "the German people will be biologically completely destroyed."
    Yes, the Germans were destroyed psychologically. Stalin did not allow them to be sterilized, as the Britons demanded.
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent April 22 2020 07: 47 New
      12
      A source : Krokodil magazine publishing house. (click to view)

      1. Basil50
        Basil50 April 22 2020 09: 49 New
        +3
        Thanks * to the insurgent *, it’s very funny, because they knew how. Where did it all go?
        In fact, * Goebels propaganda * was originally put on American money and by American specialists. Goebels simply managed to push all this to the level of the state. Today we can see the effect of such propaganda in Ukraine.
        By the way, American propaganda is based on screaming and screaming, in the complete absence of logic or elementary knowledge. The main thing is crowing louder, and there * though not dawn *. In the morning they crow about one thing, at lunch about another, and in the evening you can crow about something else. The main thing is loud. Sperts from Poland, the Baltic states and from the outskirts are very indicative. We studied with the Americans according to the same manuals that at one time and hebels.
        Everything is very clear.
        1. Malyuta
          Malyuta April 22 2020 10: 48 New
          +5
          Quote: Vasily50
          In fact, * Goebels propaganda * was originally put on American money and by American specialists. Goebels simply managed to push all this to the level of the state. Today we can see the effect of such propaganda in Ukraine.

          You turned everything the other way around, Dr. Goebbels is the founder of anti-Soviet propaganda in the form that we now have, his postulates after the Second World War were adopted by the Americans and were used to the fullest during the Cold War. In recent years, the Soviet Union, and after its collapse especially, Goebbelshtimina mimic and developed in the post-Soviet space and primarily in the Russian Federation.
          agree that it’s very convenient to rob people under the guise of false patriotism.
          1. Alexga
            Alexga April 22 2020 14: 23 New
            +6
            Dr. Goebbels is the founder of anti-Soviet propaganda in the form that we now have, his postulates after the Second World War were adopted by the Americans and were used to the fullest during the Cold War.

            A couple of years ago I read the last Goebbels diaries. It was a serious enemy. No matter how comical they showed him. Katyn is still alive, and this is his work. And some of their current ones still repent
            1. Malyuta
              Malyuta April 22 2020 18: 44 New
              +7
              Quote: AlexGa
              A couple of years ago I read the last Goebbels diaries. It was a serious enemy. No matter how comical they showed him. Katyn is still alive, and this is his work. And some of their current ones still repent

              I agree, serious and ideological. As a shapiro, they would not have bought it.
          2. kalibr
            kalibr April 22 2020 18: 27 New
            +8
            Quote: Malyuta
            His postulates after the Second World War were adopted by the Americans and were used to the fullest during the Cold War.

            Have you heard anything about Krill’s office? "After the Second World War" ... no need to write if you do not know. Everything was invented and done at the beginning of the First World War, and it was Goebbels who took their postulates, and not they took it: “It is in the activities of this Committee that the emergence of the interconnection of information confrontation is visible. The task of the Committee was precisely to mobilize public opinion within the country to support both the participation of America in the war and V.'s peacekeeping efforts. Wilson, as public opinion split in two immediately after the declaration of war. The Krill Committee began its work without any tried-and-tested media techniques at hand. I had to constantly improvise. Since at that time there were no nationwide radio and television networks to quickly disseminate critical information, the committee formed mobile volunteer groups that spanned nearly 3000 counties throughout America. Receiving telegrams, these volunteers, like birds, flew to schools, churches, clubs and other places of concentration to briefly (in 4 minutes) report the latest news, for which they were called the “Four Minutemen”. At the end of the war, there were already about 400 thousand such volunteers; they simultaneously made 400 thousand four-minute messages among the most diverse sections of the population. At the same time, Krill and his assistant Karl Billor attracted professionals to the work, creating another extensive network of channels of informational influence both on the enemy and on American citizens. Thus, the basic principles of information warfare were created - the protection of one’s information environment from the influence of the enemy and the information impact on the troops and population of the opposing side. The committee was divided into news sections, foreign-language newspapers and other printed materials, films, military exhibitions, fair expositions, relations with industrialists, advertising and caricatures. All this was skillfully used to rally the nation and advocacy against the enemy. Krill’s first test was the day that many in Washington watched with trepidation — July 5, 1917 — the day that all men of military age in the United States should come to register for military service. A month before the recount day, Krill created his most promising child: the Four-Minute Guys (World Cup). The idea was given to him by one guy from Chicago, Donald Rierson, who told him that he had beaten up some of his patriotic friends to make speeches in movie theaters. Krill decided to give this concept a national dimension, gave the volunteers their patriotic name and appointed Rierson their director. Soon, local NIRs appeared in cinemas across the country and assured them that they were speaking on behalf of the Public Information Committee. Krill supplied the Four-Minute Guys with the texts of 4-minute speeches, but encouraged them, where it is possible to insert something from oneself. Their first topic was “General service through selective military appeal.” From May 12 to May 21, 75 thousand speakers inspired moviegoers with the idea that the registration day should be a festival of honor for future recruits. The country responded with great understanding. On June 5, 10 million people were ascribed without a hint of protest. Seattle, WA, gave a public banquet to his conscripts before they were sent to Camp Lewis. In hundreds of tiny towns, Civil War veterans came to escort new soldiers to the train station.
            Igor Panarin Media, propaganda and information wars
            Source: https://propagandahistory.ru/books/Igor-Panarin_SMI--propaganda-i-informatsionnye-voyny/25
            1. Malyuta
              Malyuta April 22 2020 18: 47 New
              +7
              Quote: kalibr
              kalibr (Vyacheslav)

              Thank you! hi I read it with great interest.
              1. kalibr
                kalibr April 22 2020 19: 20 New
                +5
                I am always happy to help within my competencies!
                1. Lexus
                  Lexus April 23 2020 00: 48 New
                  0
                  Vyacheslav Olegovich, welcome! Thanks for the articles and insightful comments. Including here. Do not pay attention to the minuses - their authors cannot connect a couple of words without a cheat sheet and the help of the hall of "noble maidens". Especially when they climb with their squeals into your favorite historical topics. Demon with them, as well as with Goebbels. Now it is relevant to talk about today's "mouthpieces", for example this one. In a lie, it jumped Yozyu long ago.

                  And personal. Rummaged through the Internet, reading about revolvers. But here's the catch - there is very little information about revolving loading boosters. Yes, the designs and principles of action are described, but there is absolutely no information about who invented it and when (except for clips for revolvers for wafer pistol cartridges). I would very much like to see coverage of this topic. And at the same time, you can refresh it in an interesting way, but what is there, breathe new life into ammunition and loading systems, in general. Not only shooters, but globally. Rifles, bullets, wicks, Forsyth's "cakes", bolts, clips, magazines, bombs, shrapnel, hand grenades, mines, land mines and more. Your knowledge and entertaining facts from the many visited museums will come in handy. We, your grateful readers, guarantee a fruitful and exciting discussion. good
        2. nikvic46
          nikvic46 4 July 2020 06: 43 New
          0
          Dmitry. That's right. In a society where everything is built on strength, everything should be loud. Health.
  2. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U April 22 2020 07: 08 New
    +5
    and just before the end, Goebbels managed to inspire terror to the German population before the advancing Soviet army.
    Well, still, everything that the German Nazis and their hangers-on did on the territory of the USSR was generally known to the German population, they were afraid of fair retribution.
  3. kalibr
    kalibr April 22 2020 07: 14 New
    10
    Interesting article. I read it with pleasure. But a number of additions should be made. And then our Geb looks like a genius of propaganda. In fact, there were a lot of punctures. For example, Geb decided to undermine the unity of the British nation and began to throw a flyer in England depicting members of the royal seven riding ponies in Hyde Park. "You are killed by bombs, they are having fun", etc. But he only caused anger, because he did not understand that it was customary in England to love the king and queen and that their life had not changed, on the contrary, inspired the belief that everything was fine. Now, if they had stopped skating ... But Geb did not know this. But I learned that his leaflets raise patriotism. And he began to print the same in Germany. With portraits of the leaders of the Reich in everyday life. He himself drinks tea with the children. Goering in a hunting suit at his castle, etc. And Himmler, who knew everything through his agents, had to "shorten" him. And why? But because the Germans saw in their "bosses" the servants of the people. And then they saw that the servants lived better than the masters and were indignant. But he ended up in a special pit with workers from the USSR. It was written that the Komsomol girls are all whores, without faith, the workers are stupid ... In a word, be glad that we are Aryans. And medical examinations revealed that 98% of girls are virgins, that Komsomol members wear crosses, ask them to go to church, take them, observe fasts and church holidays. And the workers did not ... began to repair expensive machines that engineers could not repair, and most importantly, they started mass rationalization of production! It is clear that they just wanted to make their work easier. But it began to generate income and considerable! And the Germans started talking about all this aloud. And not ordinary hard workers, but bauers and plant owners. They began to demand Russian workers and promise them benefits! And again Himmler had to intervene and shut Goebbels up his stupid mouth. It was the same with his advertising against the Americans ... But the commentary comes out very long and therefore - that's enough. In general ... he was not really a "propaganda genius". On the contrary, even ...
    1. kalibr
      kalibr April 22 2020 14: 27 New
      +6
      I am surprised at four minuses. You would, ignoramus, thank you to say that you are enlightened, and
      you sculpt minus. It's ridiculous!
      1. Trilobite Master
        Trilobite Master April 22 2020 17: 53 New
        +5
        My respect, Vyacheslav Olegovich.
        Quote: kalibr
        I'm surprised at four minuses

        Still? laughing
        You are minuscated not for comment, but for your work in general. These are ideological opponents who contribute to the ideological struggle in this way, since they cannot do anything else.
        In general, your comment is very interesting. You have spent so much effort debunking and criticizing Soviet propaganda, and here is such a voluminous commentary on German. I think you immersed someone for a while in a state of cognitive dissonance (the best way out of which is to put a minus smile ), but I read and enjoyed ... smile
        1. kalibr
          kalibr April 22 2020 18: 05 New
          +8
          I, Mikhail, in some book, which I don't remember, describes in detail all this in relation to the Germans, and the Americans, and to us, yes. Everyone made mistakes, only ours cost us the most. Americans, for example, also sometimes did not differ in intelligence. They threw leaflets on Germany, which depicted Liberty's transports and said that Germany could not be defeated, because the Americans were launching new vehicles every day to transport troops. The leaflet did not talk about the sectional assembly technology and the Germans only laughed at it, because their common sense told them that it was impossible to build such a large ship in one day. But again, the Germans burst out with them when they released a poster with Roosevelt, who sends his soldiers to the slaughter. And the reason is this, psychology - if an American voted for his president, he will approve of any of his actions, even ... "bad" ones. But Goebbels considered all Americans to be vulgar individualists, and as a result, this leaflet did not work!
          1. Trilobite Master
            Trilobite Master April 22 2020 19: 22 New
            +2
            At work, I had to clean up garbage heaps associated with the so-called. "black PR" in relation to organizations. Basically, the identification and localization of the sources of such PR, but there were tasks, including to minimize damage to the company's reputation. The experience was completely new for me at first, but now I have some basic concepts about the principles of information warfare.
            And one of the first lessons I learned in this area is that before preparing any events, you need to carefully select, study and understand the audience you are going to influence. Moreover, the most difficult, probably, is to correctly single out, identify the defining signs and outline its circle as accurately as possible.
            One and the same informational events cannot equally affect different people from different social strata with different interests. Everyone needs something different. And if you have clearly defined the goal, then it is much easier to pick up a "key" for it.
            But such blunders as you described ... I can’t even believe it. Really the management of propaganda did not give intelligence tasks to identify such moments? Amazing ...
            1. kalibr
              kalibr April 22 2020 21: 27 New
              +4
              Quote: Trilobite Master
              And one of the first lessons I learned in this area is that before preparing any events, you need to carefully select, study and understand the audience you are going to influence. Moreover, the most difficult, probably, is to correctly single out, identify the defining signs and outline its circle as accurately as possible.
              One and the same informational events cannot equally affect different people from different social strata with different interests. Everyone needs something different. And if you have clearly defined the goal, then it is much easier to pick up a "key" for it.

              You have just described the answer word for word ... what the answer should have been ... of a student in the exam in the discipline "Organization of PR events" I have been reading this course since 1995 and wrote a book on it "PR design and PR promotion" (Infra-Engineering). In 2006, she won first place among textbooks at a competition in Sochi. Well, not the very first in general, but among the nominations. So it makes sense to find and read it ...
              And you described everything so clearly that you deserve 5 100%. Nice to read this. But back to the essence of your question. Was the intelligence service not given assignments? I could write in detail who was sent and where and why, but ... for a long time. In short: it was sent to France, England, and the USA. And an answer was brought from France, which made Hitler extremely happy. But he didn’t like answers from England and the USA. And he simply dismissed them as Stalin did from Sorge. And it cost him dearly. Although he was warned back in the 39th that it was impossible to fight with England and the United States. And in the USSR ... they didn't even send it. The Fuhrer said "A colossus with feet of clay!" and they saluted everything. Leaders often do not listen to us. Apparently, I need to write another article on information wars ... Otherwise, there are many new people on the site, and my material is scattered.
              By the way, do not let this passage be taken as an epigraph? And how to sign you write me ...
              1. Trilobite Master
                Trilobite Master April 23 2020 00: 23 New
                +1
                Quote: kalibr
                Could write in detail who and where and why they sent, but ... for a long time.

                Yes, the topic is not for one comment ... But it’s interesting and, most importantly, undefended, unlike the same Sorge, where thousands of copies are broken, including here on the site.
                Of course, I have not read specialized literature on PR - I don’t need it for work, and the topic itself does not interest me, everything that I have stated is conclusions from practice. The more pleasant it is to get "excellent" on the "exam", thank you. smile hi
                Any of my replicas on this site is at your complete disposal, you can even not ask permission. If you plan to use it for publications on VO, it is probably better to sign it with a nickname, so it will be more understandable to the people. If somewhere else - at your discretion, I don't care. I don’t really like to replicate my surname, although I don’t hide it especially. I just don’t mention it without need. smile
                1. kalibr
                  kalibr April 23 2020 06: 15 New
                  +3
                  Thank! For VO, the nickname is certainly clearer
          2. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave April 22 2020 19: 37 New
            +6
            I will join Michael. Your surname has become a notable demotivator for individuals diagnosed with CNS foam. Even if you write about cockroaches, all this alone will be "Soviet cockroaches", and the chalk "Mashenka", in your hands, will turn into weapons of mass destruction, destroying the symbiont of the Soviet man.
  4. Amateur
    Amateur April 22 2020 08: 58 New
    +2
    I was interested in this poster. Trotsky was expelled from the USSR in 1929. Goebbels became Reichspaganda minister in 1933. He did not know that Trotsky was in Mexico at that time and that he had no relation to the USSR at the moment. Rather, instead of Lev Davydovich, Joseph Vissarionovich could be depicted. A search at dearkitty1.wordpress.com yielded nothing.
    Dear Mr. E. Fedorov, could clarify where he took this photograph of the poster and why he tied it to Goebbels.
    1. Evgeny Fedorov
      April 22 2020 09: 20 New
      +4
      https://dearkitty1.wordpress.com/2019/07/08/anti-semitic-anti-communism/
      I agree, it has no direct relation to Goebbels - the exact name "Peace and freedom in the Council of Deputies. Trotsky. Poster of the Kharkov OSVAG, 1919". But the most direct thing to anti-Semitism. Obviously, Vineta was used in work with white emigrants and subversive propaganda on the territory of the USSR.
      1. Amateur
        Amateur April 22 2020 10: 09 New
        -2
        I agree, direct relations to Goebbels has - the exact name "Peace and Freedom in the Council of Deputies. Trotsky. Poster of the Kharkov OSVAG, 1919".

        Goebbels and his henchmen abundantly. Why ascribe to someone else. This is already similar to his methods of propaganda.
      2. Catfish
        Catfish April 22 2020 10: 17 New
        +5
        Good afternoon, Eugene. hi
        The fact that the poster was White émigré and had nothing to do with Goebbels, at least from the characteristic font and manner of image. In addition, there, together with the sailors, are depicted the Chinese, who, along with the "brothers", became famous for their participation in massacres and murders of unarmed people. The Germans simply could not know such details. Well, I just liked the poster, looking at it inevitably you understand why Stalin sent Mercader to break Leibo's head with an ice pick. laughing
      3. Amateur
        Amateur April 22 2020 15: 31 New
        0
        Apparently, Vineta was used in work with white emigrants and subversive propaganda in the USSR.

        To frighten the citizens of the USSR with a poster with Trotsky? Citizens who could be “shot down” under Article 58 just for the word “Trotskyist”? It's funny.
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich April 22 2020 09: 41 New
    -9
    Developed for this set of 14 horror storiesthat would inevitably wait for every European citizen with the advent of the Red Army:

    1. The extermination of the population and terror against it. Here atrocities against women, children, priests and the sick are especially effective.

    2. Expulsion of the population to forced labor.

    No matter how unpleasant it was to admit, Goebbels propaganda was effective and at the beginning of the war, and before her finale. In the first months of the war, it certainly had its effect on the intensity of surrender of surrounded Red Army soldiers

    sorry. the author did not cite Goebbes horror stories for Soviet citizens
    A typical example of a Goebbels flyer. Source: dearkitty1.wordpress.com


    wrong Goebbels this poster did not create
  6. Peter is not the first
    Peter is not the first April 22 2020 10: 39 New
    -1
    Goebels propaganda is an example of psychological and scientific propaganda, the mass propaganda of which is now used all over the world, including ours. Only goals, performers and victims are changing. And the need for propaganda is not rejected by anyone, it is an essential need for any association of people.
  7. FIR FIR
    FIR FIR April 22 2020 10: 40 New
    -1
    Any propaganda works fine if it is confirmed by real victories.
    Already in 1942, Goebbels squeals few people touched. It is worth reading the letters of German soldiers and officers from the eastern front and letters from Germany.
    1. Sniper Amateur
      Sniper Amateur April 24 2020 23: 55 New
      -1
      And nevertheless - even at the end of February - beginning of March 1945, about half of the "Reichsdeutsche" of the conscious age still believed that the Reich would either win the war. or end it with a compromise peace on acceptable terms ...
      For some Berliners, the hope for a "turning point" was alive even on April 29, 1945 (!!!!)
  8. AK1972
    AK1972 April 22 2020 12: 52 New
    0
    The "Eternal Jew" on the second poster looks very much like a photograph of Taubert, a prominent nose and close-set eyes. Is this by any chance a self-portrait or an auto-charm of the screenwriter?
    1. AK1972
      AK1972 April 22 2020 12: 54 New
      +1
      Yeah, that is, the word zh.id can be written in the article, but only a Jew in the commentary?
      1. kalibr
        kalibr April 22 2020 14: 25 New
        +3
        Quote: AK1972
        Yeah, that is, the word zh.id can be written in the article, but only a Jew in the commentary?

        Yes, Alexey, because in the article this word is used as a rule in its historical sense, and in the comments in an abusive language!
        1. AK1972
          AK1972 April 22 2020 16: 47 New
          0
          In the commentary, I wrote "Eternal Zh.id" and specially quoted it as a quote, so there can be no talk of any abusive meaning, but in general it is clear that the autocorrection program does not think about the context. By the way, I have nothing against the Jews.
  9. evgen1221
    evgen1221 April 22 2020 13: 20 New
    -3
    It seems that Goebbels manuals and books have every official of our ministry of culture and any figure of politics and culture.
    1. kalibr
      kalibr April 22 2020 14: 23 New
      +5
      It is sad that again everyone is blaming Goebbels. Nobody knows that the book by Edward Burnays "Crystallizing the Public" was published in the USA in 1923, the book by Arthur Ponsoynbee in England - "Lies in War" in 1928. "Lies are a recognized and highly useful weapon in war. Therefore, every country widely uses it in order to deceive its people, tilt neutral countries in its favor and deceive the enemy ..." And it was Goebbels's handbook. ”You can't write such serious articles and comment on them all without knowing it.
      1. evgen1221
        evgen1221 April 22 2020 15: 08 New
        0
        Well, strictly scientific, the Reich is an advanced project and the ideas of the Anglo-Saxons at that time. For the most part, these are their ideas embedded in the heads of Adik and Co.
      2. cost
        cost April 22 2020 15: 14 New
        +4
        Vyacheslav, struck by your erudition hi
        I have not heard anything about the book by Edward Burnays "Crystallizing the Public", but I got acquainted with the book of the British diplomat Lord Ponsoynbee in the VPVPKU
        The basic principles of Arthur Ponsoynby’s military propaganda in his book Lies During the War:
        1) We do not want war.
        The main thing is to convince people that the “bad guys” hate “us” and have already begun (or are ready to start)
        the first.
        2) The war is waged only through the fault of the enemy.
        These are “others”, “they” started the war, or dream of starting it any day. "We" are forced to defend themselves.
        3) The leader of the warring country is a real devil.
        It’s not necessary to make all the people hate, ”wrote Ponsonby. - It is necessary to personify the image of the enemy, to show your population that the head, the leader of the “others” is a mentally ill, crazy, corrupt person.
        4) We fight for a just cause, not for our interests.
        It should be kept silent that in every war economic goals are primarily pursued, emphasizing only humanitarian reasons.
        5) The enemy deliberately commits atrocities, we are just by accident.
        It is necessary as quickly as possible to disseminate information about the atrocities committed by the enemy, explaining that such actions are peculiar to him.
        6) The enemy uses forbidden weapons.
        7) Our losses are negligible, the losses of the enemy are huge.
        During the war, losses in manpower and equipment are called not actual, but guided by their own benefit.
        8) Culture, art and intellectuals support our cause.
        9) Our mission is sacred.
        10) Anyone who doubts our propaganda is a traitor.
        1. kalibr
          kalibr April 22 2020 15: 56 New
          +3
          Dmitry! I just do this in theory and practice since 1995, how many books I wrote and articles. Burneys and Sam Black's books were my handbooks, as was Arthur Ponsoynby's. I always thought that before you judge something, you need to have a certain foundation for this.
        2. kalibr
          kalibr April 22 2020 15: 58 New
          +2
          Quote: Rich
          The main thing is to convince people that the “bad guys” hate “us” and have already begun (or are ready to start)
          the first.

          Just like we do now, right?
          1. cost
            cost April 22 2020 16: 16 New
            +4
            Just like we do now, right?

            In the same way, the cadets and the teacher told us in the 80s.
            Our "partners" have not changed at all during this time, and they are not going to change at all, therefore it is stupid and dangerous to build any illusions on this score
            PS. Thanks for the tip. Burneys and Sam Black will definitely find and download
  10. stroybat ZABVO
    stroybat ZABVO April 22 2020 16: 27 New
    +2
    At 7 hi
    "Vineta" ...... yeah, really. As you name a ship, the sea will swallow it. For sins.
  11. LeonidL
    LeonidL April 23 2020 05: 40 New
    0
    The greatest horror of the German population was inspired by that knowledge about the terror and genocide being committed on the territory of the USSR with civilians and prisoners of war, all Germans knew everything about concentration camps, and about burned down cities and villages, destruction and terror. Everything reached the peaceful good German burghers in full scale through letters, parcels, photos and even newsreels. Since the end of 1942 and the beginning of 43, a ban is imposed on soldiers in photographs with those hanged, newsreels are being edited, letters are fully censored, even the order on "commissars, communists and ..." About Jews is formally canceled. Photo and film archives begin to be cleaned and especially incriminating ones are destroyed. While the Wehrmacht was advancing this knowledge about the atrocities in Russia, no respectable burghers did not care how their sons and husbands were destroying subhumans there, freeing up living space and sending parcels to their Frau. But when the war came close to the borders then ... this knowledge was very quickly rethought and revenge, revenge began to seem inevitable. That is why Goebbels' propaganda fell so easily on sophisticated German souls. Then we remembered the biblical "An eye for an eye and I will repay". Therefore, they understood that it was not worth expecting anything particularly good either from the Russians with the Ukrainians and Belarusians, or from the Jews, and indeed from anyone in general. They measured by themselves, therefore they expected from the victorious Red Army firing ditches, gallows, extermination camps, burned cities and villages ... The same would have been expected from the allies, if they had managed on their land ... but it did not happen. Therefore, they ran to them. But they did not expect Stalin to say: "Comrade Erinburg is wrong!" and will introduce draconian youth laws for looting and violence. He was saved by the "evil byaka" Comrade Stalin.
  12. iouris
    iouris April 24 2020 14: 01 New
    0
    For the "theoreticians" and "practitioners" of the "modern" "information war" the conclusion should be made: even effective propaganda did not ensure victory even for the Nazi Reich - only a massive army capable of occupying and holding territories. Who has such an army? .... Right. Thanks.