Gaps and windows in the anti-missile umbrella of the country. Aerospace defense troops at the present stage

On operational duty in a missile attack warning center



By the end of the twentieth century, Russia had an A-135 strategic missile defense system and anti-aircraft missile systems of various modifications, which have certain capabilities for implementing anti-missile defense. The decision to create a unified aerospace defense system (WKO) in Russia adopted in the 1993 year and formalized by a presidential decree was unrealized. Moreover, in the 1997 year, the Air Defense Forces of the country, which were the prototype of the East Kazakhstani Army, were disbanded, which significantly complicated the creation of the country's aerospace defense system in the future. The transfer of rocket and space defense troops from the Strategic Missile Forces to the created Space Forces did not correct this situation either in the 2001 year.

Only after the US withdrawal from June 2002 from the ABM Treaty did the military-political leadership of Russia realize the need to return to the issue of creating an EKR system in the country. 5 April 2006, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved the "Concept of Aerospace Defense of the Russian Federation until 2016 and Beyond." This document defined the purpose, directions and priorities for the creation of the country's AO system. However, as often happens in Russia, the period from the adoption of a conceptual decision to the implementation of specific steps for its implementation took a long time. By and large, until the spring of 2010, the issues of creating the country's aerospace defense system did not find a real embodiment in the plans of military construction.

TURNING BEDROOM

Only after 19 on April 2010 was approved by the President of Russia "The concept of construction and development of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020 of the year" began to fulfill the task of creating the aerospace defense system of the country of the Ministry of Defense. Within the framework of the formation of a new image of the Russian Armed Forces, the creation of the country's aerospace defense system was determined as one of the main military construction activities. However, it seems that the practical implementation of this decision was delayed. This can explain the interference of the president, who, speaking in the Kremlin at the end of November 2010, with the next Message to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, tasked the Ministry of Defense of combining the existing air defense and missile defense systems, rocket warning and space control under the auspices of the strategic command being created IN TO. But even after these presidential directives, the Ministry of Defense did not stop the discussion regarding the appearance of the future EKR system. The Main Command of the Air Force and the command of the Space Forces "each pulled a blanket" towards themselves. The Academy of Military Sciences and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation did not stay aside.

March 26 The General Report and Elective Meeting of the Academy of Military Sciences was held with the participation of the leaders of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and other central military authorities. At this meeting, along with summing up the work of the Academy for 2011 – 2005, topical issues of military construction at the present stage were considered. Speaking with the report, the President of the Academy, General of the Army Makhmut Gareyev, spoke of the need to create the country's aerospace defense in the following way: “With the modern nature of the armed struggle, the center of gravity and the main efforts are transferred to aerospace. The leading nations of the world make a major stake in winning air and space supremacy by conducting massive aerospace operations at the very beginning of the war, striking strategic and vital targets throughout the depths of the country. This requires solving the tasks of aerospace defense by the combined efforts of all branches of the Armed Forces and the centralization of control on the scale of the Armed Forces under the leadership of the Supreme Command and the General Staff of the Armed Forces, and not the re-establishment of a separate type of Armed Forces. ”

In turn, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, General of the Army Nikolai Makarov, in his speech to the participants of this meeting outlined the conceptual approaches of the Russian General Staff to the creation of the country's aerospace defense system. He said: “We have a concept for creating an aerospace defense up to 2020. It describes what, when and how to do it. In this most important issue for the country and the state, we have no right to make a mistake. Therefore, some positions of the concept are now being revised. The governing body of the aerospace defense is formed under the General Staff, and it will also be managed by the General Staff. It should be understood that the Space Forces is only one element in the aerospace defense system, which should be multi-layered in altitude and range, and integrate the forces and means already available. Now there are very few of them. We are counting on the output of products by the military-industrial complex, which will start literally from next year. ”

Thus, it can be stated that at that time the developments of the Academy of Military Sciences and the General Staff regarding the basic principles of building the aerospace defense of the country completely coincided. It seemed that the matter remains only in order to formalize these developments with an appropriate presidential decree, and after that it would be possible to proceed to the creation of a country's EKR system. However, the situation began to develop in a completely different scenario. Unexpectedly, for the Russian expert community and for reasons unknown to him, the General Staff suddenly abandoned those approaches to the formation of the governing body of the East Kazakhstan region, which in March 2011 were made public by Army General Makarov. And, as a result of this, at a meeting of the collegium of the Ministry of Defense held in April 2011, a decision was made to create an EKR Army on the basis of the Space Forces.

NEW KIND OF TROOPS

The decision adopted by the Ministry of Defense Collegium, in many respects fateful for the cause of military construction, was promptly implemented by the relevant presidential decree of Dmitry Medvedev, issued in May 2011. This was done in spite of the generally accepted logic of military construction in Russia - first, the issue of creating the country's aerospace defense system was to be considered at a meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation with the adoption of an appropriate decision, and only then this decision is formalized by presidential decree. After all, the creation of the EKR system is not a purely departmental affair of the Ministry of Defense, but a national task. And accordingly, the approach to solving this problem should be adequate to its significance and complexity. But, unfortunately, this did not happen.

8 November 2011 of the year Dmitry Medvedev, who was in the presidency, issued a decree appointing the senior staff of the EKR Army. As expected, Lieutenant-General Oleg Ostapenko was appointed commander of the Armed Forces armies with his release from the post of commander of the disbanded Space Forces.

The structure of the 1 formed in December 2011 of the new branch of the Armed Forces - the Airborne Forces armies itself includes the command of the Airborne Forces, as well as the space command and the command of the air defense and missile defense.

Gaps and windows in the anti-missile umbrella of the country. Aerospace defense troops at the present stage
Inside the multifunctional radar "Don-2N" in the Sofrin near Moscow


According to available information, the EKR Troops included:
- 1-th State Testing Cosmodrome "Plesetsk" (ZATO Mirny, Arkhangelsk Region) with 45-th separate scientific test station (Kura test site in Kamchatka);
- The main test space center named after GS Titova (ZATO Krasnoznamensk, Moscow Region);
- The main center of the missile attack warning (Solnechnogorsk, Moscow region);
- Main Space Intelligence Center (Noginsk-9, Moscow Region);
- The 9 Division of the Missile Defense (Sofrino-1, Moscow Region);
- three air defense brigades (transferred from the disbanded Operational and Strategic Command of the East Kazakhstani Army, which was part of the Air Force);
- parts of security, security, special forces and rear;
- Military Space Academy named after A.F. Mozhaisky "(St. Petersburg) with branches;
- Military space cadet corps (St. Petersburg).

According to the modern views of the Russian military science, aerospace defense as a complex of nationwide and military measures, operations and combat operations of troops (forces and assets) is organized and carried out in order to warn about the enemy’s aerospace attack, repelling and defending objects of the country, groups of Armed forces and population from air and space attacks. In this case, the means of aerospace attack (SVKN) is commonly understood as the combination of aerodynamic, aeroballistic, ballistic and spacecraft operating from the ground (sea), from the airspace, from space and through space.

To accomplish the tasks arising from the above aerospace defense goals, the EKR Troops created now have a missile attack warning system (SPRN), an outer space monitoring system (SSS), an A-135 strategic missile defense system and anti-aircraft missile systems in service. air defense brigades.

What are these forces and means, and what tasks are they capable of solving?

ROCKET ATTACK PREVENTION SYSTEM

The Russian anti-ship missile defense system, as well as the analogous American SPTRIU system, consists of two interconnected echelons: space and ground. The main purpose of the space train is to detect the launch of ballistic missiles, and the ground train - on receiving information from the space train (or independently) provide continuous support for the launched ballistic missiles and warheads separated from them with the definition of their trajectory, but also the area of ​​the fall with an accuracy of tens of kilometers.

The space train consists of an orbital grouping of specialized spacecraft, on the platform of which are mounted sensors capable of detecting the launch of ballistic missiles, and equipment that records the information coming from the sensors and relays it to ground control points via space communications channels. These spacecraft are placed in highly elliptical and geostationary orbits so that they can constantly monitor all of the missile-prone areas (POD) on the surface of the Earth, both on land and in the oceans. However, the space flight of the Russian missile warning system does not have such capabilities today. Its orbital grouping in its existing composition (three spacecraft, one of them in a highly elliptical orbit and two in a geostationary orbit) exercises only limited POP control with significant time intervals.

In order to increase the capabilities of the spacecraft SPRN and increase the reliability and efficiency of the combat control system of the strategic nuclear forces of Russia, it was decided to create a Unified Space Detection and Combat Control System (CEN). It will consist of new generation spacecraft and upgraded command posts. According to Russian specialists, after adopting the CEN, the Russian missile warning system will be able to detect not only launches of ICBMs and SLBMs, but also of any other ballistic missiles, no matter where they are launched from. The dates for the creation of CEN are not published. It is possible that this system will be able to perform its tasks no later than 2020 of the year, since by this time, as Army General Makarov has stated, the creation of a full-fledged VKO system in the country will be completed.

The ground-level echelon of the Russian SPRN currently consists of seven separate radio-technical units (ortu) with over-the-horizon radar stations such as Dnepr, Daryal, Volga and Voronezh. The detection range of ballistic targets by these radars ranges from 4 to 6 thousand km.

On the territory of the Russian Federation, four ortus are located: in Olenegorsk of the Murmansk region, in the Pechora of the Komi Republic, in the villages of Mishelevka of the Irkutsk region and Lehtusi of the Leningrad region. The first and third of them are equipped with a rather outdated Dnepr-M radar, the second with a more modern Daryal radar, and the fourth with a new Voronezh-M radar. Three more ortus are located in Kazakhstan (Gulshad settlement), Azerbaijan (Gabala settlement) and Belarus (Gantsevichi settlement). The first of these is equipped with the Dnepr-M radar, the second with the Daryal radar, and the third with the fairly modern Volga radar. These ortus are served by Russian military experts, but Russian property is only ort in Belarus, and rents two other Russian defense ministries from Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, paying for this monetary compensation in the amount established by intergovernmental agreements. It is known that the term of the agreement for the lease of ortum in Gabala ends in 2012, but the issue of the prolongation of this agreement has not been resolved. The Azerbaijani side exposes lease terms unacceptable for Russia. Therefore, most likely the Russian side at the end of 2012 of the year will refuse to rent a halt in Gabala.

Until recently, two orths with the Dnepr radar in Ukraine (in the cities of Mukachevo and Sevastopol) were included in the ground-level echelon of the Russian anti-aircraft missile system. These ortus were served by Ukrainian civilian personnel, and the Ministry of Defense of Russia, in accordance with an intergovernmental agreement, paid for the information they supplied. Due to the large depreciation of the equipment of the Ukrainian ortu (no funds were invested in their modernization) and, as a result, the decrease in the quality of the information they supplied Russia in February 2008 terminated the agreement with Ukraine. At the same time, a decision was made to erect a new Voronezh-DM radar near the town of Armavir in the Krasnodar Territory to close the resulting gap in the radar field of the Russian missile early warning system due to the exclusion of Ukrainian radar stations from it. Today, the construction of this radar is almost complete, it is in trial operation, the expected duration of its deployment on combat duty is the second half of 2012 of the year. By the way, according to its capabilities, this radar is able to compensate for the exclusion of the radar station in Gabala from the ground-level echelon of the Russian anti-ship missile system.

At present, this echelon provides POD control with a discontinuity of a continuous radar field in the northeast direction. Increasing its capabilities is provided by building new radars of the Voronezh type around the perimeter of the borders of the Russian Federation, with a refusal from the prospect of leasing foreign vehicles. Work is already underway on the construction of the Voronezh-M radar in the Irkutsk region.

At the end of November 2011 of the year in the Kaliningrad region was put into trial operation (put on pilot combat duty) radar "Voronezh-DM". It will take about another year to put this radar on alert. As for the radar being built in the Irkutsk region, then in May 2012, its first phase was put into trial operation. As expected, this radar will begin to function in full force in 2013, and then the existing “gap” in the radar field in the northeast direction will be eliminated.

SPACE CONTROL SYSTEM

The Russian SSS currently has two information and measurement instruments. One of them, equipped with the Krona radio-optical complex, is located in the village of Zelenchukskaya of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, and the other, equipped with the Okno optical-electronic complex, is located in Tajikistan, near the town of Nurek. Moreover, according to the agreement concluded between Russia and Tajikistan, the ort with the “Window” complex is the property of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

In addition, for the detection and tracking of space objects, the Motent spacecraft control complex in the Moscow region and the astronomical observatories of the Russian Academy of Sciences are used.

The facilities of the Russian SSSU control space objects in the following zones:

- for low- and high-orbital objects - by altitudes from 120 to 3500 km, by the inclinations of their orbits - from 30 to 150 degrees relative to the earth's axis;

- for objects located in geostationary orbits, - by altitudes from 35 to 40 thousand km, with standing points in longitude from 35 to 105 degrees east longitude.

It should be recognized that the technical capabilities of the current Russian SSS for the control of space objects are limited. It does not observe outer space in the altitude range of more than 3500 km and less than 35 thousand km. In order to eliminate this and other “gaps” in the Russian SSS, spokesman Colonel Alexei Zolotukhin, the spokesman for the press service and information department of the RF Ministry of Defense for the Aerospace Defense Forces, said, “work has begun on creating new optical, radio and radar specialized means of control of outer space. " It is possible that the deadlines for the completion of these and other works and the adoption of new space control devices will not go beyond the framework of 2020.

MOSCOW anti-missile defense

It is appropriate to note here that the Russian SPRN and SSS, like the similar American systems, are interconnected and form a single reconnaissance-information field of control of aerospace space. In addition, radar facilities of the A-135 missile defense system, in which the detection range of ballistic targets is 6 thousand km, are involved in the formation of this field. Thus, a synergistic effect is achieved, which provides a more efficient solution of the tasks assigned to each of the above systems separately.

The Russian A-135 PRO system is deployed around Moscow in an area bounded by a radius of 150 km. It includes the following structural elements:
- a command and measurement center of missile defense equipped with a command-computing complex based on high-speed computers;
- two sector radar "Danube-3U" and "Danube-3M" (the latter is presumably in the recovery stage), which provide detection of attacking ballistic targets and issue preliminary target designation to the command and measurement point PRO;
- multifunctional radar "Don-2H", which, using preliminary target designation, provides capture, tracking of ballistic targets and targeting antimissiles on them;
- Mine launching positions of the short-range intercept 53Т6 ("Gazelle") and long-range intercept 51Т6 ("Gorgon").

All these structural elements are integrated into a single whole by the data transmission and communication system.

The combat operation of the ABM A-135 system, after it is activated by combat crew, is carried out in a fully automated mode, without any intervention by the attendants. This is due to the exceptionally high transience of the processes occurring when a rocket attack is repelled.

Today, the capabilities of the A-135 missile defense system to repel a rocket attack are modest. The 51Т6 anti-missiles have been decommissioned, and the 53Т6 interceptor missile service life is outside the service life (these missiles are located in mine launchers without special combat units that are stockpiled). According to expert estimates, after the A-135 missile defense system is fully operational, it can destroy, at best, several dozen warheads attacking the defended area.

Antenna-feeder device radar "Voronezh-DM"


After the US’s withdrawal from the ABM Treaty, the military-political leadership of Russia made a decision on the profound modernization of all the structural elements of the A-135 ABM system, but this decision is being implemented very slowly: the time lag is five or more years behind the planned deadlines. At the same time, it should be noted that even after all the modernization work has been completed in full, the A-135 missile defense system will not acquire the appearance of a strategic missile defense system in the country, it will remain a zonal anti-missile system, albeit with enhanced combat capabilities.

Air defense of the central industrial district

The three air defense brigades that cover the Central Industrial Region transferred from the Air Force have a total of 12 anti-aircraft missile regiments (32 Division), armed with the overwhelming majority of the C-300 mobile anti-aircraft missile system (ZRS). Only two anti-aircraft missile regiments of the two-divisional personnel are armed with a mobile new-generation C-400.

The S-300PS, S-300PM, S-300PMU (Favorit) and S-400 (Triumph) air defense systems are designed to protect critical political, administrative, economic and military installations from attacks aviation, cruise and aeroballistic missiles such as "Tomahok", ALKM, SREM, ASALM and ballistic missiles of short, short and medium range. These air defense systems provide an autonomous solution to the problem of warning about air raids and the destruction of aerodynamic targets at ranges up to 200–250 km and altitudes from 10 m to 27 km, and ballistic targets - at ranges up to 40-60 km and altitudes from 2 to 27 km .

The outdated C-300PS, adopted for service in 1982 and whose supplies to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation were discontinued in 1994, must be replaced, and the C-300М, adopted by 1993, will be upgraded under the Favorit program to level C-300PMU.

The State Weapons Program of the Russian Federation for 2007 – 2015 years (GVV-2015) planned the purchase of 18 C-400 divisional missile systems. However, in 2007 – 2010, the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern supplied the Russian Air Force with only four divisional C-400 SAM sets, despite the fact that there are no shipments of this anti-aircraft missile system abroad. Obviously, the state procurement program for the C-2007 ground-to-ground missile system adopted in 400 was failed. Such a negative trend did not change even after the approval of the new State Armaments Program of the Russian Federation at 2011 – 2020 (GW-2020). According to the plan, in the 2011, the Russian Air Force was to receive two regimental sets of C-400 air defense systems, but this did not happen. As stated by the First Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Alexander Sukhorukov, “the delivery times for these weapons are shifted by 2012 year due to the late conclusion of contracts”.

The HPV-2020 in the part concerning the delivery of C-400 troops to the ground-to-ground missiles, the development of advanced anti-aircraft missile systems and their adoption into service, is much more stressful than the HPV-2015. So, up to 2015 of the year it is envisaged to put in the troops nine S-400 regimental sets of air defense systems, bringing the long-range anti-aircraft guided missile (Zour) 40H6 to standard. In 2013, the development work on the Vityaz project launched in 2007 was to be completed by conducting state tests (so as to adopt this anti-aircraft missile system for the armament not later than 2014). In 2015, the development of the new-generation C-2011 anti-aircraft missile system begun in 500 should be completed.

To carry out such a large-scale program, it will be necessary not only to establish proper order with the conclusion of contracts for the development and supply of armaments and to provide them with rhythmic and complete financing, but also to solve the extremely difficult task of modernizing and increasing the production capacities of defense industry enterprises. In particular, as Alexander Sukhorukov said, “two new plants are to be built for the production of C-400 systems, which will be in demand in the future, including the production of C-500 systems”. However, the confusion that arose in 2011 in Russia with the state defense order (GOZ) and condemned it to non-compliance with the main nomenclature of armaments, as well as the serious problems that have arisen with the 2012 GOZ of the year, raise great doubt in the implementation of the outlined plans for the LG-2020.

It will take tremendous efforts from the government of the Russian Federation to take extraordinary measures in order to correct the current negative situation with the development and production of high-tech and high-tech weapons. Otherwise, it may happen that the Armed Forces armies will be created, and the tasks assigned to them due to the lack of the necessary weapon systems cannot be fulfilled.

Along with the problem associated with equipping the Armed Forces of the East Kazakhstan region with modern weapons, it will be necessary to resolve another equally important and complex problem, due to the need to create a single combat information and control system for the East Kazakhstan region and integrate into the single reconnaissance and information field control of aerospace of all the various dissimilar means observation and targeting.

Currently, the information and control system, which is inherited by the EKR Troops from the abolished Space Forces, is not associated with a similar Air Force system, in the outline of which nine VKO brigades and fighter aviation are assigned to perform air defense tasks. There is no clarity with regard to military air defense / missile defense, subordinate to the command of military districts. Its information management system is now completely autonomous. To combine the capabilities of these systems to solve a single task - the defense of the country, the groups of the Armed Forces and the population from air and space attacks - it will be necessary to solve a very complex technical problem.

The same order of complexity will need to be overcome when solving the task of pairing reconnaissance and information assets of the space command and the air and missile defense command created by the EKR Troops, since now these means do not form a single field of control of aerospace. Such a situation rules out the possibility of using percussion means to intercept ballistic targets using external sources of target designation, as is the case in the US global missile defense system, which significantly reduces the combat capabilities of the EKO system created in Russia.

UP TO A NEW AIR OF ECO - A DISTANCE OF HUGE SIZE

In order for the country's aerospace defense system to acquire the look conceived in the Russian Ministry of Defense, it will be necessary to invest huge financial and human resources. But will these investments be justified?

As rightly noted by Alexei Arbatov, head of the Center for International Security at the Institute for World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, “massive non-nuclear air-missile strikes against Russia are an extremely unlikely scenario. In his favor, besides the mechanical transferring to Russia of the experience of the recent local wars in the Balkans, in Iraq and in Afghanistan, there are no arguments. And no VKO will protect Russia from American nuclear strikes (just as no missile defense will protect America from Russian nuclear missiles). weapons). But then Russia will have neither money nor technical capabilities to repel real threats and challenges in the foreseeable decades. ”

Common sense dictates that priorities should be identified in the field of aerospace defense, on which the main efforts of the state should be focused. Russia possesses and will possess quite creditworthy nuclear deterrence, which serves as an “insurance policy” against direct military threats on a large scale. Hence, the task of the first stage is to provide anti-aircraft and antimissile cover for the Russian strategic nuclear forces.

The task of the second stage is to improve and build up air defense and antimissile defense groups of the Armed Forces, which are designed to act on possible theater of operations. That is, it is necessary to develop military air defense / missile defense, since Russia's participation in local military conflicts, such as 2008’s “five-day war in the Caucasus” of the year, cannot be ruled out.

And third, with the availability of the remaining resources, efforts should be directed to the anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense of other major state facilities, such as administrative-political centers, large industrial enterprises and vital infrastructure.

To strive for the creation of a continuous anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense of the entire territory of Russia is irrational, and it is unlikely that such an aerospace defense can ever be created. The proposed ranking in solving problems at reasonable costs of resources in Russia in the foreseeable future will create an aerospace defense system that, together with the potential of nuclear deterrence, will be able to fulfill its main purpose - to prevent large-scale aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies and to provide reliable cover for the armed forces on TVD
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  1. esaul 29 July 2012 06: 53 New
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    +20
    There is no doubt about the professionalism of the author of the article and his concern for the state of the Russian missile defense shield, but somehow this article reminds me of the materials that flowed during the election campaign and carried a certain political charge, especially when you consider that these are words from retirement mouth.
    In any case, the author - respect for the fact that the problem is identified and requires a solution. I think that the author could convey his words more specifically - to the command of the East Kazakhstan region and the President, which would probably be more effective, and not to demonstrate his particular concern in the media.
    1. Alexander Romanov 29 July 2012 07: 13 New
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      Quote: esaul
      targeted - command of East Kazakhstan region and the President, which would probably be more effective

      Hi Valera, do you think you’ll reach the president or East Kazakhstan region? Rather, at the concierge level, unsubscribing to carefully study your proposal. And I’m sure that Putin himself doesn’t look at the Military Review website; maybe he is sitting right now reading this article.
      1. esaul 29 July 2012 07: 16 New
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        +11
        Sasha, welcome. It seems to me that everything "comes"! Not for nothing that the forum has repeatedly sounded the words of members of the forum - "It seems to me that the government is reading our forum!" wink
        1. Alexander Romanov 29 July 2012 07: 25 New
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          +10
          Quote: esaul
          It seems to me that the government is reading our forum! "

          Well, yes, yes, but Vadim Smirnov, the site administrator’s nickname, is Dimka Medvedev himself laughing
          1. esaul 29 July 2012 07: 27 New
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            +5
            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            Well, yes, yes, but Vadim Smirnov, the site administrator’s nickname, is Dimka Medvedev himself

            Sanya, such an option would not be very bad. There is an opportunity to express everything bluntly - both good and not so ... laughing
            1. Kaa
              Kaa 29 July 2012 08: 00 New
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              +5
              Quote: esaul
              There is an opportunity to express everything bluntly

              Ha, but in Ukraine, the last "pre-election" campaign of one comrade went under the slogan "I will smell skin", and what? Hear, maybe they will hear, but they will do it “on the contrary”.
              1. esaul 29 July 2012 08: 25 New
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                +3
                Quote: Kaa
                "I will smell skin"

                Greetings, colleague! And Yanukovych did say almost the same thing ... I feel it ... But he doesn’t know anyone.
                1. Kaa
                  Kaa 29 July 2012 08: 47 New
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                  +1

                  esaulGood morning! So these are the words from his billboards, so I don’t know who and what sang to him.
          2. VAF
            VAF 29 July 2012 09: 39 New
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            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            and behind the nickname of the site administrator Vadim Smirnov, Dimka Medvedev himself is sitting


            Sanya, +! The thought of being stunned drinks At least not D.A.M. and one of his deputies to report the situation!
            1. Dr. No
              Dr. No 29 July 2012 13: 09 New
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              +1
              The main thing is that DAM (or its deputy) should not sit under the nicknames of Russophobes and forum trolls ...
        2. VAF
          VAF 29 July 2012 09: 37 New
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          +3
          Quote: esaul
          It seems to me that everything "comes"! Not for nothing that the forum has repeatedly sounded the words of members of the forum - "It seems to me that the government is reading our forum!


          Oh Valery, wishful thinking !!! +!

          If he had read and listened at least a little, then his METLA for liberation from all the rubbish and trash everywhere from MO to ...... would work like an automatic machine and the containers would not be enough for transportation and transportation .... fellow

        3. Shulz-1955
          Shulz-1955 29 July 2012 18: 06 New
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          Well, at least they were designated as something for our peace of mind smile
      2. Delink 29 July 2012 07: 55 New
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        Good morning everyone!
        Say, he doesn’t sit and read, but they’re definitely looking at him. Since all that we discuss those thoughts that they express, they slip through with some delay. For which we rejoice.
        1. esaul 29 July 2012 08: 26 New
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          +5
          Quote: Delink
          Since all that we discuss those thoughts that they express, they slip through with some delay. For which we rejoice.

          "... And he said it was good ..." yes
        2. sergo0000 29 July 2012 08: 47 New
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          Delink,
          And good to you! smile
          Yes, God bless your ears, I also hope that not only fashion magazines are browsing in the MO! winked
    2. 1tankist 29 July 2012 08: 26 New
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      +7
      Quote: esaul
      to the author - respect for the fact that the problem is identified and requires a solution.


      "Want peace - get ready for war." The problem is indicated. It follows from the text of the article that not only the author sees problems at the present stage of development of aerospace defense. It is not in vain that new “separate radio engineering units (ORTUs) with over-the-horizon radar stations such as the Dnieper, Daryal, Volga and Voronezh are being developed and put into operation.” I am sure that the technical thought of our engineers does not end there. There will be other technical solutions. Currently, the dependence of the aerospace defense forces of the country on stations remaining outside Russia due to the collapse of the USSR is being reduced. In addition, no one has canceled the factor of nuclear deterrence forces, which are developing in the direction of guaranteed overcoming the existing and future missile defense forces.
      In general, the problems are clear. The development of the country's aerospace defense and nuclear deterrence forces are taking their course, without strain and hysteria. Thanks to the author for a detailed analysis and for faithful service in the interests of the motherland. It can be seen that the author is an excellent analyst, he not only sees the problem, but also offers ways to solve it. His article has nothing to do with the policy of "foreign agents".
      Once again, I want to thank the author Viktor Ivanovich Esin, retired colonel general, candidate of military sciences, professor of the Academy of Military Sciences of the Russian Federation for serving the homeland.
    3. VAF
      VAF 29 July 2012 09: 33 New
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      +7
      Quote: esaul
      There is no doubt about the professionalism of the author of the article and his concern for the state of the Russian missile defense shield.


      Valery, welcome! I completely agree +! good

      But a lot is not entirely clear, and even somehow cuts the rumor-type ... you should not expect a blow with the use of OSB, only local conflicts ... well, etc.

      It is clear that A. Arbatov is not a dogma, but still ????

      And the problem, if you think about it, is huge and is currently being solved, honestly and frankly, practically in no way ... that is. we don’t see anything, and there’s nothing to shoot and shoot !!!

      I agree in one thing that at this stage the only deterrent is XIAN !!!

      And about ORTU, so generally ... there are no words, does the author really think that in the first place they will be destroyed with the use of OSB, and then that .... sit and watch ... "will it grow somewhere MUSHROOM "in our territory. that it would be possible to "answer" or will it be too late ???

      General article plus an undoubted one. as it is very sobering and hospitable sentiment !!!
      Best regards
      1. viktor_ui 29 July 2012 17: 39 New
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        Sergey - hello drinks Given the articles already available on this site on the issue of cash missile defense RUSSIA (it sounds like) ... shitty thing, however, if there is no tokens in power in the secret of the Jedi with laser pointers ... 3 episodic observation satellites (kuram on laughter), Moscow’s missile defense system is capable of knocking down a few dozen strike blocks and no more (more or less real numbers, and not like in the previous article, where there was a jabbering about a couple of thousand targets hit) ... a long-range missile for the S-400 not ready and plan on 2015 based on the article ...
        I have an offer for our supreme command - we don’t need all these high-tech costly pieces, and we REALLY CAN blackmail our FRIENDS with the prospect of blowing up all our nuclear charges right at the places of their storage, in mines, at piers, etc. . Now zh_opa is already naked almost in the whole country, and this, oddly enough, inspires some hope (oranzhevizhnost — you know where you are)
        1. esaul 29 July 2012 19: 22 New
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          Quote: vaf
          ...those. we don’t see anything, and there’s nothing to shoot and shoot !!!

          Quote: viktor_ui
          Given the articles already available on this site on the issue of cash PRO ROSSI (it sounds like that) ... shitty thing

          Guys, salute! I am a supporter of the fact that if there isn’t anything in the coffin that can “painfully hit the dark”, then with a very serious face it must be said - “... Look out ...!” (As Vitsin shouted in the "Caucasian Captive", flying out the window). It acts, as the "world practice" shows. And if we mock that - "Everything is shitty and we ourselves are not local", then we will get the Libyan scenario and we will spread like the Baltic states under NATO!
          1. viktor_ui 30 July 2012 01: 05 New
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            Valera - hello drinks Yes, it’s not a fuss about the style of what is missing, but simply summing up the results of the air defense system for a certain period of time, especially since there is nothing to compare with a purely personal belfry and the aim is not to crush to dust, what we have left , but there is a great desire to spur and push all this crooked management away from the defense, which has already snapped ... even crack, but so far there is more imitation of violent activity. 2012, and we were half blind and deaf and the military budget stolen for several years in a row - how much longer will this TREND be relevant ??? Our Moscow Region and its associated state structures resemble the famous fable "Swan Cancer Pike" with the corresponding exhaust in the tip.
            Good luck.
  2. Magadan 29 July 2012 07: 20 New
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    Air defense is the main thing both in our defense and in world geopolitics. Air defense systems are exactly what we are seriously ahead of the NATO military-industrial complex. It is in the production of air defense that the local Fifth Column, which has entrenched among Russian bureaucrats, will be hit. What we see on the example of S-400. The state of affairs at Antei should be displayed in all the main reports of the Government to the citizens of the Russian Federation.
    1. 755962
      755962 29 July 2012 13: 24 New
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      I expected more from the article. Although someone would have spoken about the marine component of the missile defense system. About tracking vessels .. Why they so stubbornly do not want to raise this topic. Yeah .. again everything rests on the headstock!! But when we had the IFF .. recourse .... "Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin" was sold at a price of $ 170 per ton. It was a shame to sell scientific pride in scrap metal, so the name of the vessel was covered with paint, leaving only the letters "Agar". To date, only one vessel remains from the entire IFF - the Cosmonaut Viktor Patsayev, it stands in the port of Kaliningrad, at the pier of the Museum of the World Ocean. Sometimes it is involved in work on the ISS - conducts periodic communication sessions. But it doesn’t go to sea, it is "on a leash".Today, in many countries of the world there are ships built to track space. Some of the USA and France, China is constantly expanding its space fleet: our eastern neighbors already have 5 specialized vessels.

      The SBX (Sea-Based X-Band radar) radar is similar in its parameters to the XBR (X-Band radar) radar deployed at the Kwajalein training ground. Currently, the SBX radar is installed on a floating platform with a displacement of 50 thousand tons. Photo: US DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

      Meanwhile, this one developed in the early 1990s. in the United States, the radar station originally had a different name - Have Star. In 1995, it was deployed at the US Air Force Vandenberg Air Force Base (California), where it was used to test elements of the national missile defense system. Subsequently, the station was dismantled and sent to Norway, where it was re-mounted and commissioned already under the name of the Globus II radar.

      But who cares, look at the US missile defense group.


      Anyway, here is an article that is very interesting. Authors: Vyacheslav Belkin
      Colonel, Head of Department of the Federal State Institution "2 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russia"
      Andrey Vasilievich Shushkov
      lieutenant colonel, head of the laboratory of the Federal State Institution "2 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russia"

      http://badnews.org.ru/news/pro_ssha_reshenie_v_inoj_ploskosti/2010-10-20-4107
      1. Teploteh - nick
        Teploteh - nick 29 July 2012 20: 12 New
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        Quote: 755962
        look at the US missile defense group.

        If their missile defense could still be able to shoot down our ICBMs and their blocks, then Yes, it would be used to look at, and so - yes to ......!
        As Putin said - for Yars - there is no such thing as an enemy missile defense.
        You can definitely believe him, for all 120%. yes
        1. Sablezub
          Sablezub 1 August 2012 09: 14 New
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          good morning ... there are so few "yars" for Russia so far ... and it’s too early to consider them as a serious threat to the US ... reading this article I came to this unexpected conclusion, given the state of the Russian missile defense system and the deplorable state of the missile fleet for a retaliatory strike, the following conclusion suggests itself: Russia has a deterrence weapon, which temporarily (and maybe always) shifted the main function of the deterrence factor, which until then was in the competence of the nuclear arsenal ... but this is only a conclusion from the course of this articles ... although God knows him ...
      2. Toga
        Toga April 8 2014 13: 25 New
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        Please do not confuse! The ships of the so-called "Marine Space Fleet", or rather - the ships of the Space Research Service of the marine expeditionary department, had nothing to do with air defense.

        Just as 35 ships of the measuring complex ships (TOGE-4, TOGE-5) did not have ships for air defense and missile defense. There was only one thing: the Toghe ships partially, by 5 percent, were equipped with air defense troops.
  3. RUSmen 29 July 2012 07: 40 New
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    If everything is so bad (under the article) that then the amers haven’t eaten us yet ??? Waiting for an answer from the author.
    1. Vasily79
      Vasily79 29 July 2012 08: 00 New
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      Do not wait, read who the author is and understand
    2. Russ -
      Russ - 29 July 2012 11: 34 New
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      Quote: RUSmen
      If everything is so bad (under the article),

      Article - minus, minus.
      In addition to radar, there are satellite systems for detecting missile attacks. In particular, the Oko space system - which is fully operational and on alert 24 hours a day.
      And on the radar - this is a visual map. Something I do not see gaps here.
      I will explain one more point. Radar - is used mainly only for pointing missile defense systems. Finally confirms the fact of a missile strike. It monitors the rocket’s flight when it has already flown half way to us.
      Detection of the START-up - is made from satellites, the Eye system - 5 or 6 satellites with an altitude of 40.000 km - can detect even a flash of a match or a bonfire in the infrared ranges. And the fact that a rocket took off against us - it becomes known - immediately after its launch! The system itself recognizes that it was the ballistic missile that took off, it sees where it flew. The system on the machine gives a signal of an attack. It is reported to the president that the troops of the Strategic Missile Forces, missile defense, and air defense are brought into combat hostility. A decision is made to retaliate.
      So radars are needed - but they are not a panacea. Without satellites - we would have learned of an attack on us - too late. And they would not have time to really do anything.
      1. Dr. No
        Dr. No 30 July 2012 12: 49 New
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        In general, everything is correct, +. It is called SPRN. I’ll just add that it is not in full force and there are no 5-6 devices, there are fewer at the moment, although about a dozen are provided for. Match and bonfire, of course
        , will not see, but the torch from the start will fix, you can still look at forest fires. In general, the system is striking - in fact, a very high level of both technological and efficiency.
    3. Teploteh - nick
      Teploteh - nick 29 July 2012 20: 57 New
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      Quote: RUSmen
      If everything is so bad (under the article) that then the amers haven’t eaten us yet ???

      That's it. Without a second of delay, they would gobble up and not choke.
      Already in what - and in rocket science and missile defense and air defense systems - the USSR, Russia has always been, is and will be ahead of the rest !!!
      Because it happened - that we are always on the defensive! And all sorts of ****** they want to eat us.
      Stop minus, eh! I guess who I stepped on the blisters - but at least it seemed! And then that day already, someone stubbornly keeps me from gaining a rating. Only rises - immediately minus 200-500. Some of the marshals - there are speculations. Not ashamed - but - adults, but behave like children! At least who rocked and for what!
      If this is you Vaf - then well, you’re grudging ********. Look - I'm still that splinter in the buttocks. Stop your dark affairs.
      If someone else - so explain - that to whom I did wrong in this life, or in the past. wassat It seems like I'm only trying to do good! laughing
      Eh vi. crying Lord in heaven will judge you.
      The main thing that Putin is with us is to take out, and everything else-so, nonsense! drinks
      Wow! 20 seconds have passed - already 2 minuses! Promptly Banshee moderator works!
  4. procop843
    procop843 29 July 2012 07: 47 New
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    Satan's Vigil
    1. Vasily79
      Vasily79 29 July 2012 08: 03 New
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      Not you and your fellow red ped .... ki laughing
    2. 1tankist 29 July 2012 08: 56 New
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      Quote: procop843
      Satan's Vigil


      "Foreign agents" and adversaries crying . They will interfere with us in every way.

      As a thinking person and defender of my Fatherland in peacetime, I must:
      - Inspect your armor and weapons, and put them in order (sharpen, clean, patch the gaps).
      - Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the enemy. Analyze your strengths and weaknesses at the present stage.
      - To analyze the possible development of weapons and strategic thought of the enemy. Take countermeasures.
      - To make new armor and new weapons, taking into account existing realities, etc. etc.

      The author, as a thinking person, completed his analysis as follows:
      Common sense dictates that priority tasks should be identified in the field of aerospace defense, on the solution of which the main efforts of the state should be concentrated. Russia possesses and will possess completely creditworthy nuclear deterrence, which serves as an “insurance policy” against large-scale direct military threats.. Hence the task of the first stage ...
      The task of the second stage ...
      And thirdly ...
      The proposed ranking in solving problems will allow, at an acceptable cost of resources, to create an aerospace defense system in Russia in the foreseeable future, which, together with the potential for nuclear deterrence, will be able to fulfill its main mission - to prevent large-scale aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies and provide reliable cover for the armed forces TVD.


      So foreign agents have grown late laughing And we, the citizens of our homeland, will do our job and, if necessary, will kick the adversary with his star-striped ass. As the saying goes, "Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword." yes
  5. Vasily79
    Vasily79 29 July 2012 07: 52 New
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    I was glad that at least some general vision of the aerospace defense appeared among the Most Highs, but upset as always a tear in the structure of the Ministry of Defense. It can be seen that the furniture maker did not learn how to assemble furniture, but was thrown out of the selmag as usual with an increase. And to gather departmental structural leaders together, it’s not a demagogue who needs a pancake, but a man whom they feared and respected.
  6. Zomanus 29 July 2012 09: 51 New
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    Yes, if with "shootings" we have more or less, then with "peers" it’s really bad. These are military reconnaissance and target designation satellites, and AWACS aircraft and electronic warfare equipment. Amer on old planes cling to the container with the latest lotions and do not steam. And here we have ... If I understood correctly, you can come to us from the side of Chita, go to the west to calmly bomb. And we don’t even understand where it came from ... Well, of course, the question is about the actions of personnel of tracking stations when an attack is detected. Will they open fire on preparedness or wait for the greatest destruction?
  7. jagdpanzer 29 July 2012 10: 17 New
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    We have many problems, however, in this area it’s clear without an article, after the collapse of the USSR, much went to waste, unfortunately, 3 satellites are few ... and in general, what kind of numbers are such magic 2020? before this time no one will touch us or what? maybe it’s all right now to start doing something, and as 2020 will always come, and things are still there .. in my opinion, given the current situation in the world, we need to close up all the gaps and holes in the shortest possible time, probably the potential enemy knows all our holes and takes them into account . It's time to act and not to tell what will happen in 2020!
  8. mar.tira
    mar.tira 29 July 2012 12: 11 New
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    But the forces of the East Kazakhstan region are divided into several military branches. This is also a defense in depth that is complex in several layers. Some warn, others learn as much as possible about the characteristics, quantity, and coordinates of the target, while others are already working directly to counter the goals themselves. strike. And how can one work on a problem with such thoughts as a quote: As Aleksey Arbatov, head of the International Security Center of the IMEMO RAS, rightly noted, “massive non-nuclear aircraft-missile attacks on Russia are an extremely unlikely scenario. In his favor, apart from the mechanical transfer to Russia of the experience of recent local wars in the Balkans, Iraq and Afghanistan, there are no arguments. And no aerospace defense can protect Russia from American nuclear strikes (just as no missile defense America will cover America from Russian nuclear missile weapons). But then Russia will have neither money nor technical capabilities to reflect real threats and challenges for the foreseeable decades. ”The Pentagon isn’t fools either. They are closely monitoring the situation with the development of our East Kazakhstan defense forces and the strategic nuclear forces. How would it not be that against the American infantry we would have to exhibit "Topol-M", or "Mace." Because, as long as smart heads from the academy decide where most importantly, we will have nothing left!
  9. volcano 29 July 2012 12: 18 New
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    All greetings Colleagues.
    Thank you for the article.
    Weighted Approach. Weighted assessment of the situation.

    The only thing that perhaps I do not agree with Arbatov.
    I systematically promote the idea that it is with non-nuclear weapons that they will try to fight us.
    Our mentality will not allow us in the case of non-nuclear aggression to use nuclear weapons first. I will never believe it.
    And the enemy does not need Russia in the form of a large radioactive desert, but quite clean.
    Otherwise, why start all this. conversations of all kinds of "specialists" about the fact that they want to destroy Russia as a country that really has the possibility of confronting the United States, of course, carry a grain of thought, but no one canceled our richest ALL RESOURCES territories.
    Therefore, protection against a nuclear strike must be developed and put into operation, but you should not forget about the need to repulse a strike with non-nuclear weapons.
    And here, as I understand it, the horse did not roll.
    And the recent statement that we can repel up to 1,5 thousand missiles (despite the fact that the amers plan, judging by the teachings, to strike 10 thousand missiles first) looks mildly pale.
    The stated figures speak for themselves. We cannot repulse a large-scale missile strike without nuclear weapons.
    Need to work and work again
    1. Concept1 29 July 2012 13: 14 New
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      volkan I totally agree with you. Now there is a full understanding that even a local use of nuclear weapons will lead to a global catastrophe! In essence, this is suicide for all of humanity! And therefore, the term “strategic non-nuclear deterrence” is very relevant.
  10. sxn278619
    sxn278619 29 July 2012 13: 25 New
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    about the OKO system from Wikipedia.
    Space Tier SPRN

    In accordance with the draft missile attack warning system, in addition to over-the-horizon and over-the-horizon radars, a space echelon was also to be included in it. It allowed to significantly expand its capabilities due to the ability to detect ballistic missiles almost immediately after launch.

    The main developer of the space echelon of the warning system was the Central Research Institute “Comet", and the Design Bureau named after Lavochkina.

    By 1979, the space system for the early detection of ICBM launches from four US-K spacecraft (SC) (the Eye system) was deployed in highly elliptical orbits. To receive, process information and control spacecraft systems in Serpukhov-15 (70 km from Moscow) was built control center SPRN. After conducting flight design tests, the first-generation US-K system was adopted in 1982. It was intended to monitor the continental missile-hazardous areas of the United States. To reduce the exposure to the background radiation of the Earth, reflections of sunlight from clouds and glare, the satellites observed not vertically downward, but at an angle. For this, the apogee of a highly elliptical orbit was located above the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. An additional advantage of this configuration was the ability to monitor the US-based ICBM-based areas on both daily circuits, while maintaining direct radio communication with the command post near Moscow or with the Far East. This configuration provided the conditions for observation of approximately 6 hours per day for one satellite. To ensure round-the-clock surveillance, it was necessary to have at least four spacecraft in orbit at a time. In fact, in order to ensure the reliability and reliability of observations, nine satellites were to be included in the constellation. This made it possible to have the necessary reserve in case of premature failure of satellites. In addition, the observation was carried out simultaneously by two or three spacecraft, which reduced the probability of issuing a false signal from the illumination of the recording equipment with direct or reflected sunlight from the clouds. This configuration of 9 satellites was first created in 1987.

    In addition, since 1984, a single US-KS spacecraft (the Oko-S system) has been deployed in geostationary orbit. It was the same base satellite, somewhat modified to operate in geostationary orbit.

    These satellites were placed at a standing point at 24 ° west longitude, providing surveillance of the central part of the United States on the edge of the visible disk of the Earth. Satellites in geostationary orbit have a significant advantage - they do not change their position relative to the Earth and can provide constant support to the constellation of satellites in highly elliptical orbits.

    The increase in the number of missile-hazardous areas required the detection of BR launches not only from the continental United States, but also from the rest of the globe. In this regard, CRI "Comet" began to develop a second-generation system for detecting BR launches from continents, seas and oceans, which was a logical continuation of the "Eye" system. Its distinctive feature, in addition to placing the satellite in a geostationary orbit, was the use of vertical observation of the launch of rockets against the background of the earth's surface. Such a solution allows not only to record the fact of missile launch, but also to determine the azimuth of their flight.

    The deployment of the US-KMO system began in February 1991 with the launch of the first second-generation spacecraft. In 1996, the US-KMO (Oko-1) system with the spacecraft in geostationary orbit was adopted.
  11. Zomanus 29 July 2012 15: 35 New
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    Well, where was the option considered that amers could declare war without nuclear weapons against the Russian Federation. And the type of the Russian Federation will also be forced to fight non-nuclear weapons. Then we will be done in two months. Unfortunately, the current level of weapons will allow us to die heroically. But do not win. This is the case in a nuclear-free war. Dissuade me if you can. I live in the Far East and see how they can try to fight here.
    1. Juga
      Juga 29 July 2012 16: 23 New
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      Reading official documents is always useful ...

      "Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation", Approved by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, February 5, 2010.
      Chapter Three, paragraph 22:
      As part of the implementation of strategic deterrence measures of a forceful nature, the Russian Federation provides for the use of precision weapons.

      The Russian Federation reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to the use of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction against her and (or) her allies, as well as in case of aggression against the Russian Federation using conventional weaponswhen the very existence of the state is threatened.

      The decision on the use of nuclear weapons is made by the President of the Russian Federation.



      Stsylko:
      http://президент.рф/ref_notes/461

      What is happening - it seemed to us that you indicated the action of geldings to us only a threat to the existence of Russia, and we fucked up, according to the docs we are in our own right.
      PS The request to everyone not to start the topic "is there enough eggs" for this, there is a separate conversation ...

    2. viktor_ui 29 July 2012 17: 47 New
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      Zomanus - machine gun and cannon division rearm the heart ??? And what about equestrian aviation ??? Or dozens of tanks with minimal air cover were planted and calmed down on the sim ... drinks
  12. sxn278619
    sxn278619 29 July 2012 16: 19 New
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    From the military doctrine of Russia.
    The Russian Federation reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to the use of nuclear and other types of weapons of mass destruction against it and (or) its allies, and also in the case of aggression against the Russian Federation using conventional weapons, when the very existence of the state is threatened.

    The decision on the use of nuclear weapons is made by the President of the Russian Federation.
  13. Juga
    Juga 29 July 2012 16: 22 New
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    Zomanus,
    Reading official documents is always useful ...

    "Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation", Approved by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, February 5, 2010.
    Chapter Three, paragraph 22:
    As part of the implementation of strategic deterrence measures of a forceful nature, the Russian Federation provides for the use of precision weapons.

    The Russian Federation reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to the use of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction against her and (or) her allies, as well as in case of aggression against the Russian Federation using conventional weaponswhen the very existence of the state is threatened.

    The decision on the use of nuclear weapons is made by the President of the Russian Federation.


    Stsylko:
    http://президент.рф/ref_notes/461

    What is happening - it seemed to us that you indicated the action of geldings to us only a threat to the existence of Russia, and we fucked up, according to the docs we are in our own right.
    PS The request to everyone not to start the topic "is there enough eggs" for this, there is a separate conversation ...
  14. procop843
    procop843 29 July 2012 16: 53 New
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    Quote: 1tankist
    "Foreign agents" and adversaries are awakening. They will interfere with us in every possible way. As a thinking person and defender of his Fatherland in peacetime, I must: - Inspect my armor and weapons and put them in order (to sharpen, clean, patch gaps). - Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the enemy. To analyze their strengths and weaknesses at the present stage. - To analyze the possible development of weapons and strategic thought of the enemy. Take countermeasures. - Make new armor and new weapons, taking into account existing realities, etc. etc. The author, as a thinking person, completed his analysis as follows: Common sense dictates that priority tasks should be identified in the field of aerospace defense, on the solution of which the main efforts of the state should be concentrated. Russia possesses and will possess completely creditworthy nuclear deterrence, which serves as an “insurance policy” against large-scale direct military threats .... Hence the task of the first stage ... The task of the second stage ... And thirdly ... The proposed ranking in the solution tasks at an acceptable cost of resources will create in Russia in the foreseeable future a system of aerospace defense, which, together with the potential for nuclear deterrence, will be able to fulfill its main mission - to prevent large-scale aggression against Russia Iisko Federation and its allies, and provide reliable protection groups Armed Forces TVD.Vot zabzdeli and foreign agents We citizens of their homeland will do their job and, if necessary, Nader adversary his Stars and Stripes behind. As the saying goes, "Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword."

    I had in mind the R-36M in NATO termonology SS-18 Mod.1,2,3 Satan (Russian "Satan").
  15. bremest
    bremest 29 July 2012 17: 42 New
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    It is important to take into account the recent experience of provocation against Belaya Rusi, when at low altitude they flew across the border in a light-engine aircraft and mockingly threw teddy bears. The second time, NATO is conducting a special operation, wanting to show us that no matter how much we strengthen air defense and aerospace defense, we will always have gaps. But there is no other way out how to close the gaps .... It would be nice to build an analog of HARP and conduct research on the ionosphere and some other phenomena, look at lightning and learn how to throw .....
    1. 11Goor11
      11Goor11 30 July 2012 03: 12 New
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      It has long been commissioned, back in 1981.
      The multifunctional radio complex Sura is designed to study the ionosphere and is located near the city of Vasilsursk, Nizhny Novgorod Region, 150 km from Nizhny Novgorod. It is managed by the Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Radiophysics.

      http://sura.nirfi.sci-nnov.ru/indexe.html
      1. 11Goor11
        11Goor11 30 July 2012 03: 52 New
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        Byad, and the photo is not from there, I'm sorry!
        Here it is Sura, not such a “sleek” truth, but what it is ...

        Fiona: "What kind of Knight are you ?!
        Shrek: "Yes, what it is!"
  16. Concept1 29 July 2012 18: 05 New
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    It is interesting whoever carried out theoretical research on how much our planet can withstand nuclear explosions in a short period of time! I mean combat use! The bombing of cities, the destruction of troops, etc.
    In fact, this is all suicide!
    It turns out oh so, well then keep the core! we have nothing to adequately answer! So burn it all with a blue flame !?
    Example: Yapi of the Kuril Islands per day are occupied. Why are we going to knock them out with vigorous weapons?
    Or do we immediately send poplars to Tokyo?
    It seems to me that all these doctrines are outdated, new ones are needed! Well, and accordingly, a new military-technical level! More environmentally friendly! !!!! smile
    1. tan0472 29 July 2012 18: 41 New
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      Quote: concept1
      More environmentally friendly!

      Already come up with. Cudgels.
    2. AleksUkr 29 July 2012 19: 52 New
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      Well done! What smart proposals! There is a proposal, I think that many will support me so that he personally takes up the implementation of his proposal. It’s easiest to offer. Yes, and weapons, except for a baton, have never been environmentally friendly. It turns out that destroying the attacking enemy, we must first of all think - whether we will violate this ecology. MARASM !!!!
      1. Concept1 29 July 2012 20: 37 New
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        This is sarcasm, and insanity is the use of nuclear weapons! In any form and quantity!
        Anyway, I look, something tight with humor!
        Einstein also pinned up "I don’t know what weapons they will fight in the third world war, but in the fourth they will fight with sticks and stones!"
  17. Concept1 29 July 2012 20: 39 New
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    ANALYSIS OF POSSIBLE SCENARIOS OF THE ARMED BATTLE AT SEA IN 2010-2020
    Analysis of US preparations for the destruction of Russian statehood by launching a “disarming strike” at strategic targets of the Russian Federation with high-precision cruise missiles with conventional (non-nuclear) equipment in 2010–2020.

    I.M.Kapitanets. Excerpt from the book “The Navy in the Sixth Generation Wars”. Moscow, ed. Veche 2003

    There should also be a ground component, and the most important is the Air and Space Defense.
    That is, there should be a set of measures and technologies for strategic non-nuclear deterrence.
  18. sxn278619
    sxn278619 29 July 2012 21: 52 New
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    In the same journal, the article from which we are discussing, the scenario of the destruction of Russian nuclear weapons by high-precision weapons was examined.
    What is the difficulty. 90% of these weapons are subsonic Tomahawks. They all must hit the target at the same time. At least those goals whose coordinates are known. Therefore, the likelihood of detecting their launch and flight within 1-3 hours is so high that no sane person (get a full salvo of strategic missiles in response) will go.
    1. Concept1 29 July 2012 22: 40 New
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      I’m not a drop, I won’t be surprised when in the next 5-7 years both us and the Americans will have hypersonic, cruise, aeroballistic and ballistic missiles of strategic range. Which will be unified with existing media. Following the example of Onyx with granites!
      (to receive a full salvo of strategic missiles in response) - then it’s better to shoot yourself right away, because even if the Americans do not have time (hypothetically) to respond with their nuclear weapons, then we will still die from the consequences of our own missiles on another continent. Our ball is too small for such experiments!
      Non-nuclear highly accurate weapons, brought quantitatively and qualitatively to strategic ones - lower the threshold for their use!
      1. 11Goor11
        11Goor11 30 July 2012 03: 37 New
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        So you answered your question. The way out is hypersonic missiles, there are already achievements, and by means of destruction: hypersonic X-90 and air defense promising missiles 9M96E and 9M96E2 and a super long-range missile 40N6E for S-400
  19. sxn278619
    sxn278619 29 July 2012 23: 45 New
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    Russia is a poor country. An attempt to have parity on non-nuclear weapons from the United States with expenditures 10 times less is useless. As Rogozin says, the output is in the concentration of resources in ..., but no one knows.
    A breakthrough is not possible without basic research, and who will do it for allocated pennies. Vicious circle. No money, no superweapon.
  20. Lech e-mine
    Lech e-mine 30 July 2012 05: 59 New
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    The article is certainly good and the author clearly understands the situation. But still, I would put one big minus to our government. OUR GOVERNMENT ALWAYS FOLLOWS EVENTS without advancing them. The Americans withdrew from the ABM Treaty - that means it was necessary to carry out activities in advance that reduced the likely damage from this the course of events.
  21. m095
    m095 31 July 2012 11: 29 New
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    Inside the multifunctional radar "Don-2N" in Sofrina near Moscow, the scope and magnitude are amazing!
  22. sazyckin 29 August 2012 18: 45 New
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    A good article is correct.
    Slowly, rearmament is underway. New radars are being built, new s400s, etc., are put on combat duty, etc. soldier
    The West knows about this and allocates more and more money to comrades with "Swamp" and clowns ala PusiMusistop