Military Review

Cities of Russia's military glory: memory through centuries

31
Cities of Russia's military glory: memory through centuries

Since 2006, in addition to the hero cities known to everyone since the Soviet era, settlements appeared in our country that received the honorary status of “City of Military Glory”. By what criteria is such a high rank assigned, how does it differ from the “heroic” one, and why did the choice fall on particular settlements? Let us try to briefly give answers to these questions.


Recall that this decision was approved by the corresponding decree of the President of Russia of December 2006 No. 1340. The first cities that were awarded high honor in 2007 were Kursk, Orel and Belgorod. Then in the same year: Rzhev, Yelnya, Yelets, Malgobek and Vladikavkaz. In 2008, Voronezh, Luga, Polyarny, Rostov-on-Don, Tuapse, Velikiye Luki, Veliky Novgorod, Dmitrov became cities of military glory. In 2009, the list was replenished with Vyazma, Kronshtadt, Naro-Fominsk, Pskov, Kozelsky and Arkhangelsk. The next year it included Volokolamsk, Bryansk, Nalchik, Kalach-on-Don, Vyborg, Vladivostok, Tikhvin, Tver.

The year 2011 brought recognition of military merits to Anapa, Kolpin, Stary Oskol, Kovrov, Lomonosov, Taganrog, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. A year later, Maloyaroslavets, Mozhaysk and Khabarovsk joined them. The last awarding of the title “City of Military Glory” was made in 2015 and was awarded with Old Rus, Grozny, Gatchina, Petrozavodsk and Feodosia. According to the relevant provision, the high status is awarded to the city for the heroism and resilience of its inhabitants in the struggle for freedom of the country. A special mark of distinction for such a settlement becomes a special commemorative column installed in it. Since 2010, a stele with the names of all cities of military glory of Russia has been included in the memorial complex "Tomb of the Unknown Soldier" in the Alexander Garden near the walls of the Moscow Kremlin.

What is the main difference between the hero city and the city of military glory of Russia? The first of the titles was awarded during the years of the Soviet Union and was primarily inextricably linked with the events of the Great Patriotic War, and only with them. Now that a number of these cities have appeared on the territory of other states more or less friendly with Russia, the restoration in full of our Russian memory of those countless wars in which entire generations of our ancestors have earned eternal glory has become especially urgent for our country. by labor, and often at the cost of our own lives, defended our future with you. That is why many of the cities of Russia's military glory, unlike hero cities, were not the arenas of the most large-scale and fateful battles of the Great Patriotic War. However, this does not at all make them less worthy of the status that they are assigned.

In the area of ​​Kozelsk in 1941, great battles did not take place. But he entered forever into history like an impregnable fortress, against the walls of which three hundred combatants and locals managed to keep the countless horde of Batu Khan in 1238, whose warriors captured for much 5-7 days much larger cities and strongholds. With contempt, they rejected the offer to surrender the townspeople in their own words about their readiness to "lay their heads for the Christian faith and die in order to leave good glory in the world", and really immortalized themselves. This was confirmed by the heroic defense of the city and the martyrdom of all who were in it: the invaders did not spare even the babies. Batu continued to forbid mentioning the name of Kozelsk, ordering him to be called "evil city" ...

But Maloyaroslavets and Vyazma are places of memorable events of both World War II of our people. Moreover, if in 1941 the Vyazemsky defensive operation ultimately resulted in what modern historians justifiably call nothing more than a “catastrophe” (the environment of our troops, in which hundreds of thousands of people were killed and captured, including number of militias from Moscow), then in 1812, under this city, Russian troops defeated the other invaders - the “Great Army” of Napoleon, putting the last point in the enemy invasion and turning the organized attack of the French and their allies into a panic and promiscuous flight.

However, to a large extent this victory was predetermined by the battle held 10 days earlier for Maloyaroslavets. In the course of the street battles that have reached an incredible bitterness, which, in a town of no more than 1500 people, clashed with two thousands of armies, it was destroyed and burned to the ground. According to the recollections of the participants, the streets could be distinguished only by the dead bodies that strewn them, and the houses turned into "smoking ruins, in which skeletons were visible." At the cost of considerable sacrifices and thanks to the unbending stamina of the Russian soldiers, the Napoleonic army was forced to turn to the Old Smolensk Road to retreat, where it was waiting for the Vyazma defeat and final death.

About each of the cities of military glory, you can write not even one book, but many. They have been written about many. Others are waiting for us to fully discover the exciting, tragic and heroic pages of their history, following the principle of "Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten!"
Author:
Photos used:
Moscow City Council website
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  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee April 17 2020 10: 14 New
    +6
    “Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten!”
    And always remember that!
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 17 2020 11: 13 New
      +9
      Quote: Uncle Lee
      And always remember that!

      And remember the entire history of Russia from the beginning of its existence. Many cities are called "City of Military Glory", but one small town of Izborsk, founded in the 7-8th century, which stood in the way of the German knights and the Polish-Lithuanian troops, has been forgotten. He was repeatedly taken by enemies, but all the time he was the first to meet enemies. In the 20th century, it was no longer so formidable, but this city is one of the oldest, as no one else needs to wear the title "City of Military Glory".
      1. vladcub
        vladcub April 17 2020 12: 41 New
        +5
        To be honest, I forgot about this city. As there are modest and subtle cities: cities about which the media do not trend. Izborsk is just one of those
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine April 17 2020 16: 59 New
          +3
          Quote: vladcub
          To be honest, I forgot about this city. How to eat

          I have forgotten everything today, today now, my friend, Kostya Morozov, the commander of the department of navigational electricians of the cruiser "Sverdlov", has died. How people leave ...
        2. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine April 17 2020 17: 50 New
          +1
          Quote: vladcub
          To be honest, I forgot about this city.

          I remember this town because I live nearby.
      2. mole
        mole April 18 2020 16: 17 New
        0
        I will quote myself, present tense:
        "Here the eighth graders asked what anniversary we will celebrate? Silence. I decided in a simpler way: When is Victory Day? They wondered on the coffee grounds. One suggested that it was May 8. I gave him that he was a little wrong, we will celebrate on May 9. In response, I heard: OK."
    2. Kleber
      Kleber April 17 2020 11: 37 New
      0
      Quote: Uncle Lee
      “Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten!”
      And always remember that!


      And the president has already forgotten. On the example of Rzhev, we read a letter:

      In 1941, during the retreat, Rzhev surrendered without a fight. From December 1941, Soviet troops stormed Rzhev until March 3, 1943, and the 9th Wehrmacht infantry army defended Rzhev.
      1. vladcub
        vladcub April 17 2020 13: 18 New
        +2
        Klebar, in this case to V. In the appendix that he signed without reading. The office is to blame for the wording. They remembered from the school "Rzhevsko-Vyazemskoe direction", but they do not know the details.
        Actually, the topic was already raised on the site: the silence of these fights
      2. mole
        mole April 18 2020 16: 25 New
        0
        The president is unlikely to delve into. Not enough time. On key points. The fact that the clerks slipped, then signed. Without going into what it really was.
        If you do not believe that there was a defense of Rzhev, justify with an article! Not comments.
        So far, Rzhev is a Hero of military glory!
  2. Same lech
    Same lech April 17 2020 10: 22 New
    +5
    .
    Ancient Kozelsk still does not have an official conservation status, and therefore, construction and excavation work is going on without regard to archeology. On one of the recent construction sites, three meters of the cultural layer were torn down.

    https://russian.rt.com/science/article/496180-kozelsk-oborona-han-batiy
    It would be necessary for the Russian government to fix this joint.
  3. knn54
    knn54 April 17 2020 10: 43 New
    15
    For me personally, Voronezh-City-Hero.
    Spared, in due time, the pride of the Hungarians.
    1. DMB 75
      DMB 75 April 17 2020 10: 50 New
      14
      For me, all our cities and villages are Heroes ...
      1. Same lech
        Same lech April 17 2020 11: 05 New
        +9
        - When Pskov was taken, trenches were dug near our village Yudino. I already went to the 7th grade. In the spring, soldiers were lying dead in these trenches. And we went with shovels, turned them over, buried them in the same moat, which the tractor then smelled.

        https://www.severreal.org/a/30208293.html

        There are plenty of such places in the Pskov and Novgorod regions ... in places of mass death of soldiers, the energy of the area is different from the normal sensation ... photo documents with the bones of the dead are shocking to the core.
        You just need to feel for yourself what it is like to die in the swamps under heavy fire of the enemy and the inability to change your fate at the time of death.
      2. DPN
        DPN April 17 2020 13: 18 New
        +6
        You are right without BREAD there would be no heroes, and these are all the villages that fed the Army and the cities.
      3. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine April 17 2020 17: 59 New
        +5
        Quote: DMB 75
        For me, all our cities and villages are Heroes ...

        I remember the roads of Smolensk, I remember my dear Smolensk. And for me this is my native land. And I will never forget her.
      4. Sklendarka
        Sklendarka April 17 2020 22: 39 New
        +1
        But in another and not say ...
  4. prior
    prior April 17 2020 10: 54 New
    +7
    following the principle "Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten!"

    it is necessary to introduce the honorary title "Village of Military Glory", "Village of Military Glory", "Road of Military Glory", "Crossroads of Military Glory" and so on. In short, all the places where they fought, retreated, attacked to rank among the places of military glory. Why not?
    And the rear cities where the weapons of victory were created, collective farms where they grew bread for the army, what? let stand aside?
    We love all sorts of regalia, honorary titles and degrees to appropriate.
    Something is wrong here with these honorable "smoking ruins" ......
    1. Undecim
      Undecim April 17 2020 11: 21 New
      +6
      And the rear cities where the weapons of victory were created,
      For them there is the honorary title of the Russian Federation "City of Labor Valor", established by federal law of March 1, 2020 "in order to perpetuate the feat of home front workers during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
      Although I can’t imagine the scales on which to weigh, whose feat is more significant, the workers of Chelyabinsk, to whom this title was awarded, or to the collective farmers of the Altai village of Akutikha, who plowed the fields to give their homeland bread and which never would receive such a title.
    2. Trilobite Master
      Trilobite Master April 17 2020 11: 39 New
      +5
      Quote: prior
      it is necessary to introduce the honorary title "Village of Military Glory

      Then the "Country of Military Glory" We worked everywhere where they did not fight. Why offend someone? wassat
      Seriously, all is not to be noted, and this is not necessary. But to put in every village from which people went to war and died, a monument with the names of the dead can and should be. Many already have such, but many where not. But this is a matter of local authorities, not federal or regional.
      Concerning the cities of military glory, it was noticed that there are a lot of them in comparison with other regions in the Leningrad Region - Vyborg, Gatchina, Kolpino, Kronstadt, Lomonosov, Luga and Tikhvin. Although, officially, Kronstadt and Kolpino are districts of St. Petersburg.
      But the most important, as it seems to me, monument to the Leningrad Region - the Mga district - Shlisselburg, with its center in Sinyavino, is again bypassed.
      1. Sklendarka
        Sklendarka April 17 2020 22: 41 New
        -1
        Quote: Trilobite Master
        Quote: prior
        it is necessary to introduce the honorary title "Village of Military Glory

        Then the "Country of Military Glory" We worked everywhere where they did not fight. Why offend someone? wassat
        Seriously, all is not to be noted, and this is not necessary. But to put in every village from which people went to war and died, a monument with the names of the dead can and should be. Many already have such, but many where not. But this is a matter of local authorities, not federal or regional.
        Concerning the cities of military glory, it was noticed that there are a lot of them in comparison with other regions in the Leningrad Region - Vyborg, Gatchina, Kolpino, Kronstadt, Lomonosov, Luga and Tikhvin. Although, officially, Kronstadt and Kolpino are districts of St. Petersburg.
        But the most important, as it seems to me, monument to the Leningrad Region - the Mga district - Shlisselburg, with its center in Sinyavino, is again bypassed.

        Brother, I'm sorry, there is no country, there are cities / towns / villages / farms ...
        Sad ...
  5. UserGun
    UserGun April 17 2020 11: 07 New
    +2
    I wonder why I got on the Carpet list? Fighting in and around it has never been near. Though in antiquity, at least in the last war. Once the railway bridge was bombed in WWII and dropped as much as 2! the bombs.
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ April 17 2020 12: 44 New
      -1
      Well, Khabarovsk and Vladivostok are on the same list as Kovrov.
      1. UserGun
        UserGun April 17 2020 12: 58 New
        0
        "Article 1. Assignment of the title" City of Military Glory "

        1. The title "City of Military Glory" is assigned to cities
        Russian Federation, in whose territory or in immediate
        the proximity of which during fierce battles the defenders
        Fatherland showed courage, stamina and mass heroism,
        in
        the number of cities of the Russian Federation that are awarded the title
        Hero City. "

        Do not you think that according to the law and regulation, the rank depreciation somehow occurs? And really, I agree with:

        Quote: prior
        it is necessary to introduce the honorary title "Village of Military Glory", "Village of Military Glory", "Road of Military Glory", "Crossroads of Military Glory" and so on. In short, all the places where they fought, retreated, attacked to rank among the places of military glory. Why not?
        And the rear cities where the weapons of victory were created, collective farms where they grew bread for the army, what? let stand aside?
        We love all sorts of regalia, honorary titles and degrees to appropriate.
        Something is wrong here with these honorable "smoking ruins" ......
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ April 17 2020 14: 56 New
          +5
          Looking for logic in decrees by name is a dead business. Kovrov, in theory, was supposed to become a "city of labor glory", given the presence of an arms factory there. In general, now to assign some honorary names, after so many years, is a profanation of the idea. This is especially evident in the assignment of the title to Kozelsk. They suddenly remembered, after 800 years. Roads and intersections with honorary names - this is bringing the idea to the point of absurdity. An itch of some kind in the "vertical of power" has appeared. Airports have recently also come under name distribution.
          1. UserGun
            UserGun April 17 2020 19: 53 New
            +3
            So I don’t see any logic and indeed, it looks more and more like profanity. Although the consequence of such profanity now shows through. It’s sad ... To interfere with the warm with the soft, and even worse, wishful thinking. However, it is precisely on this that the current government is based.
    2. Moskovit
      Moskovit April 17 2020 12: 53 New
      +2
      My friend has a summer house next to Tarussa. In an abandoned village. She was bombed in 41. He personally counted 5 or 6 funnels)).
  6. Million
    Million April 17 2020 18: 28 New
    +1
    In Russia, all settlements are Heroes in their own way.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik April 17 2020 19: 42 New
    0
    And there are also cities of "Military Valor", let's not forget about them. In the Krasnodar Territory, such cities include Krymsk, Temryuk ...
  8. Tests
    Tests April 18 2020 10: 57 New
    +2
    The master of Trilobite (Mikhail), dear, our local authorities think and do everything according to their bureaucratic, not human logic.
    My grandfather lived - Pyotr Stepanovich Danilov in Arkhangelsk on the island of Brevennik, in the north of the city, in 1941 - the land of Solombala RVK Arkhangelsk. And he worked in the south of Arkhangelsk and was called up at the place of work - Isakogorsky RVK of Arkhangelsk. In the 80s, a monument was erected on Brevennik, but the grandfather’s name is not on the list. My aunt, and then she lived in the ancestral home, lived in it from birth, left only in 1941 - mobilized her for defense work in Karelia, and worked at Brevennik all her life in the Forest port at the timber exchange, went to sort it out, saying why her father had no last name . The answer of officials: they called the father to the Isakogorsky RVK, to the Isakogorsky district and take refuge. The surname of the grandfather’s cousin, who lived through 4 houses, but was called up by the Solombalsky RVK — yes, the grandfather’s last name — no.
    The same LYOKHA (Alexey), dear, and you often visit the Pskov region? My grandfather lies in a mass grave in the village of Myakotino of the Pereslegin volost of the Velikie Luki district, what if you are there? Bow down for me, stele with surnames 14, the fifth line from the top: "Private Danilov P.S. 1897 21.02.1944/XNUMX/XNUMX" ...
    knn54 (Nikolai), dear, how will you remember those who lay down on the Chizhovsky bridgehead, please remember the men from Luza. No, not from the city of the Kirov region, but from the village that, along with the Nosovschina and Kalgachikha, stood lost in the forests on the border of the Arkhangelsk region and Karelia. There are no villages for a long time - they were unpromising. At least tourists come to Luz to enjoy the beauties of the Voldozersky National Park, the huntsman constantly lives there. ..How many maps of Russia exist on the map of Russia - former villages from which there are no traces left ...
    In my native Arkhangelsk region, people went to war and from special villages - former dispossessed, exiled, evicted, special settlers - Poles, Germans, Western Ukrainians and Belarusians. Traveler Fyodor Konyukhov several years ago with scouts of the Northern Fleet on the ice of the White Sea on dogs and snowmobiles bypassed the Onega Peninsula. He remembered in the south-west of the peninsula his native Konyukhovo, but about Kegu, which was in the north-west of the peninsula, it seems that he didn’t know when the Kega fell into the White Sea, but in a straight line less than 35 km ... How many of these villages disappeared from the map and from the memory of people ... Who and how will remember those who went to the front or were mobilized for defense work and died there?
    On the territory of the "Plesetsk cosmodrome" there were several villages - the postal road St. Petersburg - Arkhangelsk just passed there, people were evicted, from those villages that stood for 2 centuries, the memory only on the Internet remained ... And how many villages went under the water during construction of reservoirs?
    Rights respected DMB 75 to 202%.
  9. BAI
    BAI April 18 2020 11: 56 New
    0
    In the area of ​​Kozelsk in 1941, great battles did not take place. But he forever went down in history as an impregnable fortress, against the walls of which three hundred combatants and locals managed to keep the innumerable horde of Batu Khan in 1238, whose warriors captured for much 5-7 days much larger cities and strongholds.

    The Trinity-Sergius Lavra is perhaps the only fortress that withstood the siege of the Poles in the Time of Troubles. The much more powerful Smolensk and Moscow could not stand it. But Zagorsk is not a city of military glory.
    1. mole
      mole April 18 2020 16: 43 New
      0
      Any settlement, it does not matter the city, village, village, etc.
      Heroes! Another thing is where the bloody battles took place. But at this time in the rear no less heroism was shown.
      I remember my grandmother asked about that time, she said: "We collected quinoa seeds and ate them. And then they got rid of them. And they also dragged sacks of flour from the mill, weighing 70 kg., Many of the women also got rid of them."
      God forbid someone will let malice about this!