Competence and relevance of American elites


I came across an interesting article on one American information resource. It is called "Politics at the level of" speed of relevance "requires relevance." The author is US Army Colonel Todd A. Schmidt. “Relevance” means in this case the ability of the US authorities to meet the moment, the challenges of our time, to act adequately and appropriately.


What American politics lack


Schmidt himself began serving in the 82nd US Airborne Platoon, then served in the artillery, then in the air defense of various US divisions, then in anti-aircraft missile brigades, then in the rear services. He was also an adjutant of the divisional commander and served in the headquarters, participated in the war in Iraq and Afghanistan (company). And then he moved to political scientists, last year received a PhD degree at the University of Kansas. Considering that he began his career before the army as an assistant to the then Governor of Indiana, Evan Bay (he was then a senator for a long time), where he obviously would not have taken a person from the outside, it should be noted. that he is a person with the necessary acquaintances and connections, in general, "out of the cage", as they say. He poses interesting questions in his article.

In his opinion, the very “relevance” of US policy is waning. Seriously growing domestic political instability is taking place. Remember the battles of Democrats and Republicans, Trumpists and anti-Trumpists who permeate the American establishment from top to bottom. Does this look like the familiar “Nanai boys fight,” which replaces the political struggle in the “most democratic country” for decades? Yes, they are already in the throat of each other almost ready to cling to! Internal instability, combined with destabilizing behavior in the international arena of the American leadership (which also grows from administration to administration), negatively affects US policy and the importance of America for allies and opponents. Todd believes that solving these problems requires experienced leadership, investment in human capital, organizational adaptability, and the revision of the inherited legal framework for relations between civilian and military personnel and circles.

The crisis of competence and the crisis of adequacy


According to Todd, at the senior management level, decisions on national security issues require recommendations and decisions from informed, experienced and experienced elected officials, interdepartmental leaders, and especially military elites with foresight. Like, they anticipate and consider the approaches of the entire US government to solving strategic issues. Otherwise, there is a risk of an unhealthy imbalance in the use of national power and the civil-military balance of power.

Maintaining US international importance requires stable and reliable investments, presence and interaction with allies and partners, and adequate behavior in relations with rivals (like Russia and China, obviously). If the international environment is an arena of rivalry between superpowers and great powers, then the allies should not question the stability of alliances in the face of stressful situations and threats. The “stability” of the NATO alliance is especially well demonstrated during the coronavirus crisis, when member countries tear off ventilation equipment, masks, gowns, medicines from each other’s throats, essentially engaged in confiscations and piracy and generally behave at the level of “brothers” from 90s in Russia and the former USSR. Moreover, the United States in this "medical piracy" occupy a leading role. But the colonel clearly wrote the article before all this stories.

According to Todd, in addition to the complex international situation in the world, a revolution is taking place in the military sphere. The rapid development of robotics, augmented reality, unmanned weapons systems, hypersonic technologies, space and cyberspace capabilities, artificial intelligence and cloud computing informatics accelerates the political process and command and requires an increasingly high rate of decision-making. Here we can partially agree: there is no revolution, but a certain qualitative transition is taking place, and it again raises the question of quick and correct decision-making and command of troops and forces.

The US’s internal problems, according to the author, include political polarization within the country, weakening of diplomatic influence outside it, the emergence of new political forces and figures (Trump?) And a powerful military community that often wipes away from decision-making, but its influence is still growing . It is not very clear how this combines. Unless it is a question of the fact that the politicized part of the military elite is involved in decision-making, but almost no one consults with real military professionals - this is the case in the United States and has been massively true in recent decades. These problems often interfere with decisions of the country's top military-political leadership (PPR), cause chaos, and lead to confusion in politics and economics. Again, a fairly robust assessment.

The global challenges facing the United States include the destabilizing foreign policy of the United States and a number of the leading forces of the planet - Russia and China, as well as, obviously, Iran, North Korea, the list is obviously incomplete. This gives rise to an uncoordinated response to international problems and increased political instability. This spoils relations with allies and partners and paralyzes a coordinated response to threats to national security. The result of this is the perception of leadership by the United States as inadequate and shameful, which is challenged by powerful rivals, not limited in their ability to weaken American power abroad. Well, of course, again the fables about "American leadership" and the "great mission", it can be seen that even Americans adequately assessing reality just need to meet strongly on the face of their illusions about the table of reality in order to cure these dangerous misconceptions.

"Civil Elites" sink to the bottom


Within the United States, the political environment is characterized by constant lies at all levels, a loss of public confidence and the "cogs" of the governing system in leadership. The opportunist views and polarization of opinions, on the other hand, are also strong. Under political conditions characterized by partisanship and polarization, presidents historically use the “administrative management strategy,” as the author called it. This approach centralizes control in the White House, as presidents appoint politically loyal leaders throughout the bureaucratic vertical to ensure that their political agenda is implemented. Moreover, this applies not only to domestic policy, but also to issues of national security and foreign policy.

According to Todd, the drop in the level of work of the US State Department over the past 75 years after the Second World War is very clearly visible and well documented. Without exception (!) The presidents are consistently dissatisfied with the State Department and are forced to assert greater control over their foreign policy agenda. Today, the State Department is in crisis and is struggling for its need and relevance, Todd believes, since the level of competence of his top leaders (those who are political figures and appointed by the president and his administration) is lower and lower, and the morale of staff at the lower levels of this vertical is low.

With the decline of the State Department, there has been a corresponding increase in the number of appointments of new politicians who do not have diplomatic, intelligence, national or military experience. Moreover, US ambassadors were previously appointed to various unimportant countries, in fact, for money (the more he poured into the election funds of the future winner of the White House race, the warmer he received the post of ambassador). Little has changed here since the time of O. Henry - remember his cycle “The Noble Rogue” and the episode when Messrs. Peters and Tucker tried to buy a sheriff’s place for their friend, but they were deceived, and he got the post of postmaster. Which their employer then exchanged for the sheriff. But for more than 10 years, the practice of appointing ambassadors of such frankly incompetent people in diplomacy for money and to key countries like Germany has flourished. Unless they appoint China or Russia according to different principles, but the ambassadors in Russia do not become more competent — we see this very well as their quality and their work are falling from administration to administration. Of course, in the days of the USSR, there was also no more reasonable, of course, practice of appointing ambassadors of various fined party leaders, who were almost no good, moving from the post of first secretary of the regional committee in the province. But for them the embassy secretaries and other career diplomats "dragged the strap" (who dragged and drag her for the "close and distant neighbors" from the intelligence agencies). But, as a rule, they did not send such responsible comrades to serious countries in the USSR.

The number of members of the Congress who served in the army has also fallen, the author laments, moreover, sharply, when compared with the 1970s. The Senate, apparently, is not taken into consideration by Todd - there are practically life-long posts that are second only to their children, there are plenty of non-replaceable senators, and among them there are families with and without military tradition.

Political ties, fundraising, fraud and an open appeal to the most partisan elements of any political agenda of the party in the aggregate created consistent cohorts of politically connected elected officials with little understanding of theories, history, realities and nuances of national security, foreign policy and strategic military affairs. Simply put, the farther, the more illiterate dropouts come to power in America. But not because the cooks, who were allowed to rule the state, but for other reasons. These novice politicians have little or no executive experience at the federal level. The experience they possess is of little importance for governing the country. They nominally occupy important posts, not knowing about their duties, and are unable to wisely make important decisions and resolve issues facing them. These trends create a vacuum of leadership and a vacuum of knowledge and a vacuum of power that reduces the value and importance of civilians in the process of developing key policy elements. According to the author, there is a "default" of civil authorities, which has not yet been announced.

But what about the military elites?


At the same time, Todd believes that, unlike the incompetence of the civil authorities and elites, the professionalism of military elites has increased dramatically. And, they say, accordingly, the military elites willingly accept the growing "Praetorian role" in the government. It is about the role that the Praetorians played in the late Roman Empire, where they did not miss participation in any conspiracy to change power, and became both a means and an instrument for the construction of new emperors. With increased professionalism, their military elites came to the conclusion that they are more experienced, hardened and mature than civilian counterparts. Novice politicians no longer have the right to make mistakes in decisions on national security issues that threaten the lives of military personnel, according to these elites.

Honestly, the thesis of a certain sharp increase in the competence of the US military elites seems to be far-fetched so that their ears are stretched in the manner of a hare. Practically all decisions of the USA military-industrial complex that have been adopted in recent years on military and national security issues were made not without the direct participation of the “military elites,” that is, the generals. And take steps like withdrawing from the ABM Treaty, which did not lead to the creation of any combat-capable system capable of solving the tasks that were proclaimed adequate? .. Is it possible that in Moscow they can think so, because it was Russia’s hands that were untied as in the creation of a number of air defense-missile defense systems that were previously banned, as well as in the creation of striking means, which was justified by the exit from the missile defense system and the need to “break through” the missile defense system that never appeared (regardless of their real purpose). And the way out of the INF Treaty? And what about the hypersonic “race” begun by the Americans and successfully played by them? But the intervention in Syria, or, say, the war in Afghanistan, which led to peace with a former sworn enemy, who, in fact, was given carte blanche to take power in the country? What about Iraq? Maybe a leapfrog of artillery programs or BMP creation programs, or the circus that was organized in the field of small arms weapons for the army - signs of the highest adequacy? In general, what is the highest competence of military elites Todd talks about? One can only assume that against the backdrop of the decline of civilian elites, some of the military do not look so degraded. And we can say that so far the middle link, all these “sensible majors” and “active lieutenant colonels,” are quite professional, but as for the whole generals, it’s hard to agree with the American.

Self-esteem over civilians is not always justified


Todd believes military elites believe they are more experienced and better trained leaders, managers, and planners in the context of national security and military-political issues. They control huge resources to influence change. They have a global presence and powerful networks. Their military culture and mentality, in his opinion, are exclusively focused on decision-making with immediate, visible consequences for policy purposes. Finally, military elites believe that they are morally superior to civilian counterparts. They do not care about the change of political winds, electoral politics and political heritage. This, of course, is not an exact depiction of reality - it is they themselves who think so of themselves.

Military elites are inherently political. They behave in accordance with their significant ambitions and political beliefs. They are increasingly identifying themselves with political parties, ideologies and are openly participating in political activities. However, military elites may suffer from political “tunnel thinking”, bias, a misunderstanding of the nuances, and a misunderstanding of the elements of national power in the political process. The result of this state of affairs is the decision-making process in the field of national security and US foreign policy, aimed at formulating, coordinating and integrating elements of national power in the interests of achieving national goals and objectives. Politicians and political appointees are suppressed. Unprecedented delegation of authority to military elites and excessive reliance on military power are consistent with the expansion of administrative management strategies, an increase in the number of political actors and competing institutions that are underfunded, undersourced, underserved and, according to some estimates, poorly managed. What is detrimental to government policy as a whole.

Understanding the requirements of aggressive competition between superpowers and great powers requires experienced leadership, investment in human capital, organizational adaptability and effective civilian-military structures that emphasize the control of society over the military. Unfortunately, many politicians are perceived by the military elites as risk averse, irresponsible, incapable of making decisions quickly and not responding to the revolution in military affairs and competition in the "gray zones" of the constant conflict of superpowers and world significant forces, which is below the threshold of a real war. Apparently, the American is talking about those very hybrid conflicts.

To be continued ...
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Photos used:
Ronile (Pixabay.com)
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  1. My address April 15 2020 05: 53 New
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    +8
    Indiscreet question: is it better here?
    1. alimov76 April 15 2020 06: 07 New
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      +8
      We are worse, but they are doing well too, that is, the results are that respected people are getting richer, the people in the stall are silent
      1. Mitroha April 15 2020 06: 15 New
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        +4
        Any elite, any country, from the point of view of a simple resident, probably thieves and something withheld from the population. Lacking benefits and opportunities.
    2. Maks1995 April 15 2020 08: 56 New
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      +4
      About ours then the elites are generally silent.
      We have never heard of such articles.
    3. Overlock April 15 2020 11: 08 New
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      Quote: My address
      Indiscreet question: is it better here?

      Is America Shaking From Presidential Change? The country continues to live. And with us, every change of president turns into a tragedy. Which of the American elite can repeat the words of Volodin

      appealing to the current president of the United States?
      Sane- NOBODY!
      1. Lopatov April 15 2020 16: 05 New
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        Quote: Overlock

        Is America Shaking From Presidential Change?

        But what does not shake?
        1. Overlock April 15 2020 18: 31 New
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          Quote: Spade
          But what does not shake?

          if according to Volodin, all of us die
          1. Lopatov April 15 2020 18: 38 New
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            0
            Is it shaking, or is it not shaking?
  2. alimov76 April 15 2020 06: 05 New
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    Nothing is clear, but very interesting. Strange article and conclusions. Well there, the elites cope with their goal, loot from around the world and still exploit their mercilessly. At the same time, their people consider themselves the most, and waving flags for any reason and for no reason. Management efficiency at the highest level, the leader of the capitalist world.
    1. DMB 75 April 15 2020 06: 21 New
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      Yes, we have the same thing. The elites are getting richer, the people are being exploited. Also at the level of the effectiveness of governing the country. By a miracle, our common boat of statehood has not yet been smashed into pieces - we can only be surprised. Apparently, the safety margin of Russia is far from exhausted. our economy will continue to be trapped in corruption, from which it cannot escape, while the current elite remains in power.
      1. knn54 April 15 2020 08: 52 New
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        “Russia may have any number of nuclear suitcases and nuclear buttons, but since the 500 billion dollars of the Russian elite are in our banks, you still figure it out: is it your elite or already ours? “I don’t see a single situation in which Russia will use its nuclear potential.”
        Z.Bzezhinsky.
        1. Lopatov April 15 2020 16: 08 New
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          Quote: knn54
          “Russia may have any number of nuclear suitcases and nuclear buttons, but since the 500 billion dollars of the Russian elite are in our banks, you still figure it out: is it your elite or already ours? “I don’t see a single situation in which Russia will use its nuclear potential.”
          Z.Bzezhinsky.

          Chic words.
          Clever man.
          Was.

          But the question is ... What to do now, when the role of this factor decreased by orders of magnitude due to "personal sanctions" and threats of their application?
          1. Alexey RA April 15 2020 19: 10 New
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            Quote: Spade
            But the question is ... What to do now, when the role of this factor has decreased by orders of magnitude due to "personal sanctions" and threats of their application?

            And also due to the fact that now even the surrender of their country still does not guarantee further life: for the sake of the show "democracy punishes the dictatorship" no one will spare. And still very lucky. if they just let me die in a cell in The Hague during the trial.
            1. Lopatov April 15 2020 20: 20 New
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              Quote: Alexey RA
              for the sake of the show "democracy punishes the dictatorship" no one will be sorry.

              Another fact confirming the inadequacy of American political elites.
              For the sake of momentary profit, they themselves created a problem.
              It is not a fact that Assad would also hold on to power if it were not for the fate of Milosevic and Gaddafi.
    2. depressant April 15 2020 08: 30 New
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      The American author says: 75 years ago, the civilian vertical in the USA was adequate to the political moment, the vertical was qualitative. Her links from top to bottom were competent. But in those days, any things did well. And then - less and less quality. As a result, today the civilian power vertical is no good, at all levels it’s built from filthy links (ignoramuses, blatnyuki, corruption, nepotism, the transfer of power by inheritance, in a word - rust!). Therefore, the policy of such a vertical is rusty, both external and internal.
      For 75 years, the US military vertical has also degraded, but not at the same pace as the civilian one. The military elite is also rotten now, but the lower ranks are very competent, even where. It follows that it would be necessary to strengthen the influence of competent military experts on the adoption of foreign policy, and even non-political government decisions. And then we surrender the position, even inside, even outside the United States.
      It is read between the lines: when the USSR was, then they caught mice.
  3. Stas157 April 15 2020 06: 25 New
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    . member countries tear each other from the throat ventilation equipment, masks, bathrobes, medicines, dealing in essence with confiscations

    I would very much like for our president to do the same for the people during the pandemic - to get everything necessary to protect Russians from the virus, and not to give it to strangers.
    1. Dimy4 April 15 2020 06: 57 New
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      I would very much like for our president to do the same for the people during the pandemic - to get everything necessary to protect Russians from the virus, and not to give it to strangers.

      You will not earn points for this. And for the people, for you and me, to encourage and add pride, he recalled that we defeated the Polovtsy and others like them. There are no words!
      1. depressant April 15 2020 10: 33 New
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        Right. Doing something for the people, our power all the time makes blunders. Because he has no idea how people live, in what frameworks they are placed. I highly recommend colleagues to type in the search engine "stampede in the Moscow metro due to verification of digital passes." And I ask you to pay attention that masks on people are a rarity, they are still difficult to buy. Now imagine that in such a crowd there was one carrier of coronavirus - one! Found himself, and sneezed, coughed, or just spoke to someone. Consider not one - a crowd of carriers, then distributors, more.
  4. rotmistr60 April 15 2020 06: 29 New
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    The crisis of competence and the crisis of adequacy
    This is clearly expressed in the speeches of the representatives of the State Department, many senators and Trump himself. American diplomats and politicians of the period of the Cold War turn upside down.
  5. Doccor18 April 15 2020 07: 15 New
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    The commander, chief, politician has recently been associated primarily with his benefits, affluence and, sometimes, with unlimited possibilities. However, the manager is, first of all, a colossal burden of responsibility for those you control.
    G.K. Zhukov in the hot season of the onset of winter 1944
    4 days did not sleep. And in the early 50s, he suffered two heart attacks.
    Is it possible to imagine this now? So that you
    Marshal or politician suffered a heart attack due to a crisis in the country ...
    1. bk316 April 15 2020 13: 06 New
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      Zhukov in the hot season of the onset of winter 1944
      4 days did not sleep.

      Zhukov, of course, is a great commander, but a normal person cannot make adequate decisions after 4 days of wakefulness. And the same heads of departments of the Moscow government are now sleeping for 2 hours, I just know.
    2. bk316 April 15 2020 13: 18 New
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      to any
      marshal

      We do not have marshals in the Russian Federation. And in general for all the time he was one and died at 69 years old.
      And so by the way there are no marshals ....
      1. Lopatov April 15 2020 16: 21 New
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        Quote: bk316
        And in general for all the time he was one and died at 69 years old.

        What allowed Shoigu to fasten shoulder straps with a big star 8)))))
  6. tarabar April 15 2020 07: 37 New
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    It is very similar to preparing a theoretical justification for the need for a military dictatorship, this circus with horses has already been sickened of, in American society, dissatisfaction with an incompetent party elite, double and perverse meanings, is apparently ripening. There is an in-depth demand for conservatism, sober calculation, the order and adequacy of actions, which is proposed in the face of the military elite and army management methods.
    1. aybolyt678 April 15 2020 08: 27 New
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      Quote: tarabar
      Very much like preparing a theoretical justification for the need for a military dictatorship,

      it seems like walking, only the Americans need to substantiate materially. For example, the argument that killing 100 million Russians will raise the Dow Jones Index by 200 points is convincing.
      1. tarabar April 15 2020 09: 06 New
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        You didn’t understand my message correctly, the military dictatorship in this case is not directed outside, but inside the society and the state, not in terms of defeating or destroying everyone, but in order to bring about an understandable order inside, shake these Augean stables and blow off the foam of verbiage. Honor and conscience are far from peculiar to modern politicians, but for the Shtatovs it is all replaced by eloquence and sophisticated advocacy schemes of protection, truth and law are separated from each other. The option with the military, especially middle management, in this case is perceived as a healthy alternative, because people are accustomed to responsibility for their actions and decisions and are ready to put their lives at stake. As for the Dow Jones, this is an element of the same foam only in the economy, the average Bill or Mike just needs a job for which they pay a salary, a beer mug, a porn before going to bed, and how much the index went up there and how are things with the Zanzibar ants - violet.
        1. aybolyt678 April 15 2020 09: 33 New
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          Quote: tarabar
          truth and law are separate from each other

          +++ cool.
      2. Fat
        Fat April 15 2020 12: 40 New
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        Quote: aybolyt678
        For example, the argument that killing 100 million Russians will raise the Dow Jones Index by 200 points is convincing.

        What is the item on the exchange?
        A point (or pip) reflects the smallest change in the price of an asset. As you know, an asset on Forex means any currency pair. For example, if they say that the GBP / USD pair has changed the value from 1.3955 to 1.3954, then the trader understands - that means this instrument has fallen in price by 1 point.
        You have extremely cheap ideas about credibility. Now the Dow Jones Index is 23 +949,76 (558,99%) .... Even during the day, the Dow Jones changes the score by 2,39 points easily ...
        1. aybolyt678 April 15 2020 12: 58 New
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          Quote: Thick
          You have extremely cheap ideas about credibility. Now index value

          Thank you, I’ll work at my leisure ... I meant that if it is financially beneficial to America, then it is possible and necessary to destroy the Indians, Japanese and Russians, such is their psychology
          1. Fat
            Fat April 15 2020 13: 16 New
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            Quote: aybolyt678
            if it is materially beneficial to America, then it is possible and necessary to destroy the Indians, Japanese and Russians, such is their psychology

            I understood you correctly in your promise. Only here is "competence and relevance" At the level of Jen Psaki ... Well, somehow not good. Sorry if you hurt your pride. Have a good day.)
  7. A. Privalov April 15 2020 07: 46 New
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    The author made the coolest kneading out of his own value judgments and possible (there are practically no quotated quotes, and those that exist may well be taken out of context) of the retired company. Since there is no link to the source article either, it is not possible to separate one from the other. Drawing political and historical parallels of the modern USA, USSR and today's RF is completely unacceptable, because you can not compare long with green, and square with sour.
    In a word, we will wait for the continuation, although I had the impression that the author leads to the classic message that has already become familiar to VO: “They are all stupid there!” (C)
  8. samarin1969 April 15 2020 07: 49 New
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    Trump will read, weep, call Melania and order to throw it reading "into the stove."

    As for the competence of the upper elites of the United States - it depends on what to compare. If - with the faceless bureaucratic structures of the EU or the Russian Federation, then the Americans look good.
    The states have a good long tradition: to solve many issues through the "special representatives", personal accountability of officials. All of these Youngs, Harrimans, Dulles, and other businessmen-politicians defended America's interests well. Demand from them is great. All sorts of "Oliver North" or the 45th president himself are constantly responsible for their actions. And why is such a system bad? ... Better "cowboys-playboys" in power than the swamp of collective irresponsibility of some van Rompuy or the modern "political bureau".
  9. aybolyt678 April 15 2020 08: 11 New
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    Within the United States, the political environment is characterized by constant lies at all levels, a loss of public confidence and the "cogs" of the governing system in leadership. The opportunist views and polarization of opinions, on the other hand, are also strong.

    Well, right about us smile
  10. 1536 April 15 2020 08: 17 New
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    In Soviet times, political observer Vladimir Pavlovich Dunaev worked on TV. In one of his documentaries on the politics of the establishment and the US government, shots of general hunting were shown, where the high command of the US army, together with major officials, shot ducks somewhere on a lake, in my opinion, in Louisiana. And the phrase Dunaev sounded in this film:
    "Firms prey on generals, generals prey on ducks."
    This was said in the late 1970s. Since then, nothing has changed in America in this regard. If you get away from artistic images, then this policy fits into the old saying, known since ancient times: Manus manum lavat (lat. "Hand washes a hand", or "One good turn deserves another") Only if, then, 40 years ago, such a policy was condemned, today such a policy has been declared the only true one, and capable of making America Great. Over the years, both Hollywood and the propaganda media of the USA and the West as a whole have tried to do everything so that ordinary corruption is elevated to the rank of a national idea and welcomed in society, encouraged and nurtured by the authorities. However, the United States does bear certain fruits, because the people don’t give a damn about what is being displayed in space, for example, if this does not concern the price of a hamburger, car, gasoline and iPhone. Nobody cultivates "dissent" in Shataty, but the real is long over. And the ideas of a “new thinking”, yes, yes, the very one that could bring progress to the whole world, if it were put into practice, alas, cannot be born in the USA. They do not have M. Gorky, did not have and never will be.
  11. Ros 56 April 15 2020 08: 30 New
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    Todd, of course, would like the warrior to be bigger in government circles, but in principle this will not change anything, because those people who are now in the State Department not from the Moon arrived.
    The same immigrants from certain circles of the people of the United States, and are consistent with the general level of development. Therefore, it is necessary to change the level of development of the entire system, and not stick in the ruling circles of the former military.
  12. smaug78 April 15 2020 08: 50 New
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    Our elites are better? The Americans have at least some kind of independence, something is puffing up, they are trying to arrange impeachments, they are conducting investigations. Ours - in what position they will pose in this and steal, while singing a toast laughing
  13. Mikhail3 April 15 2020 09: 04 New
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    Not bad. There are a lot of words obscuring the meaning ... On the issue of elites and their effectiveness (to insert words like relevance and other constant excision of polycrystal gumenstasis is a sign of the times. The less a person understands, the more he obscures his speech with nonsense), there is a simple criterion that explains almost everything. Namely, to whose benefit are decisions made by "elitists"? In a clash of state interests and their own, for whose benefit is the choice made?
    One has only to answer this question, and all the questions about your state become crystal clear. Therefore, all kinds of experts and observers do not risk publicly asking him. They drive water in all wonderful articles ...
    1. abrakadabre April 15 2020 11: 31 New
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      Many words obscuring the meaning ...
      I agree. Very cumbersomely written. The author of the article should write easier. In general, work on the style.
  14. abrakadabre April 15 2020 11: 30 New
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    0
    With increased professionalism, their military elites came to the conclusion that they are more experienced, hardened and mature than civilian counterparts. Novice politicians no longer have the right to make mistakes in decisions on national security issues that threaten the lives of military personnel, according to these elites.

    Todd believes that, unlike the incompetence of civilian authorities and elites, the professionalism of military elites has increased dramatically. And, they say, accordingly, the military elites willingly accept the growing "Praetorian role" in the government. It is about the role that the Praetorians played in the late Roman Empire, where they did not miss participation in any conspiracy to change power, and became both a means and an instrument for the construction of new emperors.

    One can only assume that against the backdrop of the decline of civilian elites, some of the military do not look so degraded.

    Todd believes that military elites believe that they are more experienced and better trained leaders, managers, and planners in the context of national security and military-political issues.
    I will not comment on each excerpt separately. I will say in general. Does Herr Todd remember how the past ended with such a military assumption of the burden of power from the world hegemon (at that time)? The Roman Empire collapsed and Europe plunged into the abyss of the Middle Ages for a thousand years. But if Rome could cope with the crisis, then steam locomotives could go on rails already by the age of 7-8mu. But effective managers with swords and spears took full power in their competent hands and it happened as it happened. A similar garbage happened with the second then hegemon - China. Plus or minus at the same time.
    Herr Todd would have a little respect for dialectics, and polyeonomy. He would make a discovery for himself that the army does not exist outside society and is a part of it (and not a productive part). He would have been aware then that in civil power and in the army all the processes are proceeding in the same way. And it cannot be otherwise.
    1. Mikhail3 April 15 2020 11: 36 New
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      The decision-making methods in the military hierarchy, the methods of their execution and other systemically important actions are completely different from the same civilian ones. Therefore, what works great in the army is generally not applicable to a civilian. I do not believe that the author of the article does not know this. He clearly knows)
      And he is trying to warn civil authorities, as I understand it. He writes that American army chiefs have become more politicians. Actually, this situation is the forerunner of a coup d'etat ...
  15. iouris April 15 2020 11: 49 New
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    Alternative version. The US problem is not so much in internal degradation processes (this is the result of the completion of the formation of a closed aristocratic class in the USA), but in the fact that this entire "elite" consists not only of "national" elements, but also includes representatives and lobbyists of several competing world projects . This is the result of the fact that the world lived in Pax Americana for a long time. The intra-elite struggle in the super empire still did not end with the complete destruction of the loser (the world was too big). Each time there is less room for maneuver. Our problem is that once we find ourselves “on the wrong side of history”. And then, uh ...
  16. TANKISTONE April 15 2020 12: 19 New
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    it looks like the usual “Nanai Boy Fight”

    Fighting "NAI" boys:
  17. NordUral April 15 2020 21: 31 New
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    So agree to a fascist military dictatorship in the United States with the subsequent world.
  18. Revival April 15 2020 22: 55 New
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    Hmm, terrible problems in the United States, that’s about to collapse.
    Does anyone have an electron microscope in order to consider the relevance of what’s above at our place, or else there’s nothing to write about, for lack of an object for observation
  19. gridasov April 20 2020 11: 56 New
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    History clearly shows what the change in the country's top leaders led to. A change in the generation of elites led to the destruction of the USSR and the loss of conquered values ​​at the cost of the lives of millions of citizens. And now a deep crisis is coming, caused again by a change in the generation of elites. Putin’s departure is the destruction of the integrity of the power infrastructure. At the same time, Russia's main opponent maintains stability in preserving both the ideology and mechanism of power structures. Who will replace the management team? And people will come brought up not on the principles of continuity, but a generation brought up by the Internet and the consumer direction of ideology. The processes are obvious and not encouraging.