International Day of Resistance Movement: Partisan Concert for the Enemy


Sculptural group at the Partizanskaya metro station in the hero city of Moscow



Today, April 10, is the International Day of the resistance movement. On this day, we recall all those who fought for freedom, being under Nazi (fascist) occupation during the Second World War, in territories that were captured by the enemy.

Representatives of the resistance movement made their invaluable contribution to the defeat of Nazi Germany and its allies. The resistance movement, including primarily the partisan movement, acquired the largest scale in the Soviet Union.

Partisan detachments from the very beginning of the war became a real horror and a punishing sword for the Nazi troops.

Acting in the rear of the enemy, the partisans launched striking and unexpected attacks in the most vulnerable places: they deprived the ability of units and formations to receive supplies on time, carried out sabotage at the objects of Hitler’s troops, captured Hitler’s soldiers and officers, receiving extremely important data on the training of German troops and their allies to certain operations.

The scale of the partisan movement by the spring of 1942 was such that on May 30 the Central Headquarters was created, subordinate to which were transferred to the regional and republican partisan headquarters. The developed structure made it possible to transfer the partisan battle with the enemy to another level. The actions of various units became more coordinated, which allowed them to inflict significantly more damage.

From the very moment the Central Headquarters of the partisan movement was formed, until the Red Army reached the borders of the Soviet Union in 1944, Panteleimon Ponomarenko was the head of the Central School of Military Movements (with a short break in 1943). Under his leadership, partisan detachments in various occupied territories conducted a series of large-scale operations, one of which was Operation Concert. This operation began in September 1943 and was carried out in vast territories: from the Crimea to the Baltic states. In total, over 100 thousand partisans were involved against the Nazis, who, carrying out preparatory work for the Red Army's offensive, were able to lead to a real collapse of the Wehrmacht railway communication in the territories occupied by it. The Germans drove to the places of sabotage more and more reconstructive units, but in the end they either didn’t have time to complete the repair, or the partisans blew up another section of the railway (sometimes together with German trains), making the enemy’s work senseless. Echelons with railroad ties and rails came from Poland and Czechoslovakia - that’s how the Germans tried to solve the problem of disruption of railway communication. But in the end, ironically, this load served the Soviet Union well, which began to rebuild the infrastructure after the expulsion of the invaders.

The Military Review thanks all the living members of the resistance movement, fighters of partisan detachments for their military work, and also recalls those who have not survived to this day. All these people have accomplished a real feat that is truly unparalleled.
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  1. Dmitry Potapov April 10 2020 19: 31 New
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    Eternal glory! Everlasting memory! Kovpak, Medvedev, and many other legendary commanders! In truth, the scale of the movement was enormous!
    1. Tatyana April 10 2020 20: 53 New
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      Join us!
      Eternal glory! Eternal memory to the partisans - the defenders of the Fatherland from the invaders!

      Noisily severely Bryansk forest.
      Music by S. Katz, lyrics by A. Sofronov.
  2. gabonskijfront April 10 2020 19: 32 New
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    I remember in my childhood with the boys the question was raised where it is better to fight in partisans or at the front. We came to the conclusion that the partisan is not a war, but a pleasure.
    1. Evil543 April 10 2020 21: 11 New
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      War obviously does not pull for pleasure
      1. rich April 10 2020 21: 25 New
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        Old Man Minai

        Minai Filipovich Shmyrev at the beginning of the war was the director of the Pudot cardboard factory (Belarus). The past of the 51-year-old director was militant: he was awarded three crosses of St. George in the First World War, in Civil, he fought against banditry. In July 1941, a partisan detachment was formed from the workers of the Shmyrev factory in the village of Pudot. For two months, partisans fought 27 times with the enemy, destroyed 14 vehicles, 18 fuel tanks, blew up 8 bridges, and defeated the German district council in Surazh.

        In the spring of 1942, on the orders of the Central Committee of Belarus, Shmyrev teamed up with three partisan detachments and led the First Belarusian partisan brigade. The partisans knocked out the Nazis from 15 villages and created the Surazh partisan region. Here before the arrival of the Red Army, Soviet power was restored and existed. The case is unique for all the time of the Second World War. On the Usvyata-Tarasenki section, the so-called Surazh Gate existed — a 40-kilometer zone through which the partisans were supplied with weapons and food.

        All the relatives of Old Man Minaya: four small children, a sister and mother-in-law were shot by the Nazis. In the fall of 1942, Shmyrev was transferred to the Central headquarters of the partisan movement. In 1944, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. After the war, Shmyrev returned to his former peaceful work.
        1. Evil543 April 10 2020 21: 32 New
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          ? His wife had Belarusian roots, were partisans near Gomel
        2. igordok April 11 2020 07: 18 New
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          Quote: Rich
          Here before the arrival of the Red Army, Soviet power was restored and existed. The case is unique for all the time of the Second World War.

          Fortunately not unique. Let me remind you about the partisan caravan for the besieged Leningrad. Partisan Territory at the junction of the current Novgorod and Pskov Regions.
  3. Gardamir April 10 2020 19: 57 New
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    In total, 20 thousand Soviet citizens were taken to Belgium for forced labor. The first 6 thousand Soviet prisoners of war were brought to Belgium in 1942 for work in mines in the Limburg region. Soon, an underground organization arose at the Aizuen mine, the management of which was carried out by several people (Tyagunov, Tyurmorezov, etc.). With the help of Belgian patriots, a number of Soviet prisoners of war successfully escaped from labor camps. In the summer of 1943, partisan detachments from Soviet prisoners of war who fled from German captivity began to operate in Belgium. Later, at the end of 1943 in the province of Limburg, a partisan brigade “For the Motherland!” Was formed from Soviet prisoners of war (4 detachments, 250 people), which actively participated in the hostilities against German troops and police. Later, in May 1944, there were already six detachments in the brigade, and in addition, another separate partisan detachment operated in the Ardennes, commanded by officers G. Lerman and E. Dotsenko

    In total, about 500 Soviet citizens took part in the anti-fascist resistance movement in Belgium

    At a general meeting, they decided to consider their squad a brigade, because everyone will fight for ten
  4. knn54 April 10 2020 19: 57 New
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    Let us recall those citizens of the USSR and Russian emigrants who brought victory closer while fighting in the ranks of the European resistance movement.
  5. DMB 75 April 10 2020 19: 57 New
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    The USSR was the most ambitious resistance to the fascists! To imagine the scale of the partisan war, it’s enough to give a few figures. By 1944, about 1,1 million people fought in partisan units and formations. The losses of the German side from the actions of the partisans amounted to several hundred thousand people - this number includes soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht (at least 40 people, even according to scanty data from the German side), and all kinds of traitors such as Vlasov, police, colonists and so on. Among the destroyed by the people's avengers - 000 German generals, five more were taken alive and transported to the mainland. Finally, the effectiveness of the partisan movement can be judged by the following fact: the Germans had to divert every tenth soldier of the ground forces to fight the enemy in their own rear! Even the children then defended the Fatherland. Eternal glory to our Heroes. Eternal memory of the fallen.
    1. Zoldat_A April 10 2020 21: 28 New
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      Quote: DMB 75
      The most massive resistance to the Nazis was in the USSR!

      Watch the French film "Strange Gardens" with J. Villeray, A. Dussolier and T. Lermitt. The film is good, you won’t lose time, but it conveys THEIR idea of ​​the Resistance and THEIR horrors of occupation. They could not even imagine our scale and that, and another. Therefore, despite the obvious drama, the movie looks like a tragic, but comedy.

      Therefore, the International Day of the Resistance Movement - it is, in fact, not "international". He, first of all, is OUR.
  6. Thrifty April 10 2020 20: 01 New
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    “Concert” or “rail war!” Is the memory of this event nowhere beyond the monument in the metro and is it not perpetuated? “This is necessary not for the dead, it is necessary for the living!” To those who are still alive from the partisans from the people of Russia, a big human THANKS, and I bow to you on earth!
  7. Doccor18 April 10 2020 20: 49 New
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    But it was Panteleimon Kondratievich Ponomorenko who was considered by Stalin as one of his most real followers. Khrushchev knew this ...
  8. Petrol cutter April 10 2020 21: 50 New
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    Lord, they just do not celebrate in Moscow!
    Can this money be spent on something really needed? ..
    1. Gray brother April 10 2020 22: 06 New
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      Quote: Benzorez
      Can this money be spent on something really needed? ..

      And how much money?
      Tell me for the amount, we can come up with what.
      1. Petrol cutter April 10 2020 22: 07 New
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        Milliard two or three.
        1. Gray brother April 10 2020 22: 14 New
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          Quote: Benzorez
          Milliard two or three.

          Pah-trifle what, then soon Bandera’s day will be around the country - you will need to buy paint for shovels so that they are in the color of the flag.
          Throw me a half-lard card on my yellow and blue, I really give the money three times as much.
          1. Petrol cutter April 10 2020 22: 17 New
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            I - work only with the WORLD map.
            There FSB transactions, etc. Mishustin will check. Do I need it?! ..
            1. Gray brother April 10 2020 22: 20 New
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              Quote: Benzorez
              I - work only with the WORLD map.

              Don’t be blunt, buddy, the system is common, the card is not important - only the account number that you are driving works.
    2. Crimean partisan 1974 April 11 2020 09: 12 New
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      Lord, they just don’t celebrate in Moscow! ... all sorts of dates are important, all sorts of dates are needed .. along the way this date is timed to the beginning of the "rail war". Our partisans celebrate May 9 as well as Victory, there was an idea to postpone the partisan date to February 24, the day of the creation of the Crimean self-defense, but they decided that they would not change anything. let everything remain as it is, along the way it is historically correct
  9. Gray brother April 10 2020 22: 03 New
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    Nothing is finished yet.
    1. Petrol cutter April 10 2020 22: 12 New
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      What exactly? From nothing ...
      1. Gray brother April 10 2020 22: 15 New
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        Quote: Benzorez
        What exactly? From nothing ...

        The case above I write you need to decide the question.
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. The comment was deleted.
  10. Was mammoth April 10 2020 22: 16 New
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    Now on TV there was a story about the oldest Hero of the Soviet Union Matvey Kuzmich Kuzmin. He repeated after 329 years the feat of I.O. Susanina
  11. aglet April 11 2020 08: 09 New
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    the name is wrong for this day. it should be called the day of the Soviet partisan. all the others are a vanishingly small quantity, both in time and in quantity
    1. Crimean partisan 1974 April 11 2020 09: 22 New
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      Soviet partisan day. all the others are a vanishingly small quantity .... but here you are wrong. The events of February 2014 showed the whole world that the partisan spirit in the Crimea is strong and has not lost its advantages in the form of self-defense of the Crimea, a fighter-recruiter is a forced servant. If you want a rifle in the teeth and ogly on the trenches, you don’t want, but the partisan is a rush of the soul, considered. and Che lie, independent in the fight. therefore effective
  12. Crimean partisan 1974 April 11 2020 08: 20 New
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    in business, for the first time I learned that even such a date is. I'll go to the chip
    1. Ros 56 April 11 2020 08: 30 New
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      So in the Crimea, too, the partisan movement was quite tangible. One happened to read the semi-documentary semi-artistic book of one of the leaders. The Germans also got it, but the goryushka themselves grabbed. And for the first time he became acquainted with this movement as a kid in the film "The Street of the Youngest Son" about Volodya Dubinin, how they partisaned in the Kerch quarries.
      1. Crimean partisan 1974 April 11 2020 09: 00 New
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        So in the Crimea, too, the partisan movement was quite tangible .......... yeah. in the mountains, a monument on the monument, and deservedly, the German in Sevastopol rushed for almost a year with his three assaults, and the Red Army for a couple of days managed thanks to the Crimean partisans and Adzhimushkay is a separate issue. scary and bloody
  13. Ros 56 April 11 2020 08: 23 New
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    So it is necessary to comply with their ancestors and organize such a movement in banderlog. Do not disgrace the memory of their grandfathers.
  14. sanik2020 April 11 2020 11: 41 New
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    Partisans of Korzh took the first battle a day after the start of the war, in the Brest region. The captured German officer convinced the partisans that the civilians could not fight the army, this was not European. Well, where are we, "barbarians", to their European concentration camps and genocides.
  15. aglet April 11 2020 17: 32 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    .and here you are wrong. The events of February 2014 showed the whole world that the partisan spirit in the Crimea is strong and has not lost its advantages in the form of self-defense of the Crimea, a fighter-recruiter is a forced servant. If you want a rifle in the teeth and ogly on the trenches, you don’t want, but the partisan is a rush of the soul, considered. and Che lie, independent in the fight. therefore effective

    Do you understand what you wrote?
    1. Crimean partisan 1974 April 11 2020 22: 39 New
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      did you understand what you wrote? .... sorry that you didn’t understand
  16. aglet April 11 2020 17: 36 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    So in the Crimea, too, the partisan movement was quite tangible.

    Crimean partisans Crimean Tatars were slaughtered and surrendered to the Germans. and in the Crimea there were no strategic goals for the partisans, there were a little Germans there, all the power belonged to the Tatars there, the Germans only steered
    1. Crimean partisan 1974 April 11 2020 22: 45 New
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      Crimean partisans Crimean Tatars were slaughtered and surrendered to the Germans ..... it was the case that the Tartars were raiding. but the partisan movement in Crimea ended on May 9, 1944. who cut the duck who is the civilian population of Crimea, yes. the most famous 109 kilometer of the Feodosia highway and the Blue Hill near Yevpatoria. and so partisan until May 9, 1944, and the maximum influx in the replenishment of units occurred at the end of the 43rd year. and if you are a dumb creature then so be it
  17. aglet April 11 2020 17: 41 New
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    Quote: knn54
    fighting in the ranks of the European resistance movement.

    where is the European resistance movement? it mainly consisted of Soviet prisoners of war who escaped from the camps, and the locals "suffered" from the occupation, and they sent volunteers to the Russian front.
  18. aglet April 11 2020 17: 44 New
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    Quote: Thrifty
    “Concert” or “rail war!” Is the memory of this event nowhere beyond the monument in the metro and is it not perpetuated? “This is not necessary for the dead, it is necessary for the living!” Those who are still alive from the party

    didn’t you know about this? I knew, and I know, without monuments in the subway. Do you need to force knowledge into your head? many books were published about this in the Soviet Union
  19. aglet April 12 2020 09: 13 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    and so partisan until May 9, 1944, and the maximum influx in the replenishment of units occurred at the end of the 43rd year.

    partisans began when the supply was organized, by air, the saboteurs were deployed, and before that they depicted the presence. What could 400-600 people, unarmed, hungry, without the support of the population do? in 1941, after the surrender of Crimea to the Germans and Romanians, the rest of the Red Army units left for partisans, there were about 4000 of them, but the cleansing of German and Romanian troops, the care of the local population and the lack of supplies reduced their number to the above figure at the end of 1942, and then, an increase in the number to 5000 in April 1944, taking into account the airlift of personnel, weapons and food. this is by numbers. for goals, well then there was nothing in Crimea that could somehow affect the course of the war. the successful surrender by the command of the Crimea and Sevastopol, who abandoned their troops and forced them (soldiers who did not forget the oath) to go to the partisans, and then fight with the enemy. everyone who fought with the enemy, and even more so, who died in this war, is worthy of memory and the respect of the descendants, they did what they could, but I don’t understand, what claims do you have for me? not the Crimean Tatars slaughtered the Crimean partisans? yes, they were not just Germans, Romanians, Slovaks, Ukrainians, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, and the Russian police were present, by common efforts by the end of 1943, they almost completely destroyed all partisans, only the outlined operation to liberate the Crimea made the command of the red army to restore the partisan movement in the Crimea, to disrupt the communications of the enemy during the battles to refresh the Crimea. not this way?
  20. aglet April 12 2020 09: 40 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    did you understand what you wrote? .... sorry that you didn’t understand

    so you say that the Soviet partisan and the Crimean partisan (during the war, of course, not you), are different concepts? I always understand what I write, unlike you.
  21. aglet April 12 2020 09: 42 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    .. sorry you didn't understand

    if you want to be understood, express your thoughts in a language understandable to all, not just for you
  22. aglet April 12 2020 09: 49 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    . and Che lie, independent in the fight. therefore effective

    came from a chip?
  23. aglet April 12 2020 09: 54 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    and the Red Army in a couple of days managed thanks to the Crimean partisans

    battles for Sevastopol went from April 16 to May 12, as be
  24. aglet April 12 2020 09: 56 New
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    Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
    and if you are a dumb creature then so be it

    Cho, did the chip go again?