From Detachment 731 to the center of Lugar: how viruses and bacteria were turned into biological weapons


The coronavirus epidemic has made the whole world think of biological weapons и stories his appearance. Indeed, viruses, as it turned out, are capable of inflicting almost more terrible blows on the modern economy than wars and conflicts using conventional lethal weapons.


The fact that the coronavirus epidemic may be the result of a targeted biological attack was simultaneously talked about both in the USA and in China. As expected, the Americans blame the Celestial Empire, and the PRC claims that the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan occurred after a visit to the city by the US military.

The history of the use of biological weapons in wars and conflicts is rooted in the ancient era. Even in ancient times, the Romans threw the corpses of people who died from the plague in the enemy’s fortress, hoping to cause an outbreak of a terrible disease there. But the first confirmed fact of using biological warfare methods took place in 1763 and was associated with the British: blankets infected with smallpox were sent to the camp of the Indians besieging Fort Pitt. However, the creation of biological weapons was still a long way off.

In the twentieth century, between the two world wars, a number of great powers turned to studying the possibilities of using viruses and bacteria as weapons of mass destruction. In Japan, the infamous Detachment 731, commanded by Lieutenant General Shiro Ishii, a military doctor who had been dealing with chemical and biological weapons since the early 1920s, took up research in this direction. The main emphasis was on the study of anthrax, plague, cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis, dysentery, viruses, and insects.


The experiments were conducted on living people captured in the Japanese occupied territories of China. Recognized as a war criminal, Shiro Ishii, however, managed to escape punishment - US General Douglas MacArthur succeeded in granting the commander of Detachment 731 immunity in exchange for revealing the latest secrets of Japanese biological weapons developments.

Hitler Germany also planned the use of bacteriological weapons against the Soviet Union, with the aim of which she led the corresponding developments. In the Ozarichi concentration camp complex in the Gomel region of the Byelorussian SSR, the Nazis kept people infected with typhus fever, intending to use typhus fever as a weapon against the advancing Red Army. However, in the end, the concentration camp complex was commissioned by the Nazis without a fight, and plans to use typhus failed.

British scientists in 1942 tested the possibility of using anthrax as a weapon in the war against Nazi Germany on the island of Grunard. Only half a century later, in 1990, the island infected with anthrax spores was declared cleared.

During the Cold War, the United States, the USSR, and several other states continued to study the possibilities of using biological weapons. China and North Korea have accused the US side of using biological weapons during the Korean Peninsula war.

The signing of international conventions on the prohibition of biological weapons was only formal. Even the collapse of the Soviet Union did not contribute to the cessation of American development in this area. The United States continued to experiment on the creation of such weapons, which could pointly hit people - carriers of a particular gene.

In turn, in Russia in the "dashing nineties" many studies, including in the field of biological weapons and counteraction to them, were stopped. The “brain drain” led to the departure of talented biologists and chemists to the United States, and organizational perturbations in the structure of the military department negatively affected the general readiness of the post-Soviet state for the possible use of biological weapons against the country. The fact that such a risk exists, it became clear in the middle of the zero years, and after the deterioration of relations between the United States and Russia in connection with the events in Ukraine and Syria, there was no doubt about that.


In 2018, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the implementation of the American military-biological program in neighboring Georgia, where a special laboratory was created - the so-called Lugar Research Center. As military experts noted, American experts focus on pathogens of atypical forms of plague, tularemia, anthrax, brucellosis, dengue fever.

Major General Igor Kirillov, the chief of the radiation, chemical, and biological defense forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, told the press that the laboratory in Georgia is only one of many that are stationed by the Americans along the borders of Russia and China. As a result of the tests, according to the general, 73 Georgian citizens could die. Naturally, official Tbilisi rejected such allegations.

Of course, to prove that the epidemics of recent years were the result of tests or the use of biological weapons is now not possible, and to build unproven theories is simply stupid. But it is obvious that Russia should pay special attention to counteracting biological weapons of mass destruction, restoring civil defense structures and strengthening the armies of the Russian Chemical Forces, which have not received due attention for a long time.
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  1. NF68 April 8 2020 19: 37 New
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    Hint that with some of the Americans it would not be bad after the court to do the same as with the leaders of the infamous Detachment 731?
    1. Tatyana April 8 2020 20: 08 New
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      And now even some of the participants on the VO website create the so-called “healing microbiorobots” by US scientists which can overcome the defense of the body’s immune system, attach exclusively only the GOOD value and only supposedly for PEACEFUL purposes.

      The historical experience of the creation of biological weapons by the same Japanese "Detachment 731" of some politically naive is still short-sightedly teaching nothing.
      1. tol100v April 8 2020 20: 32 New
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        Quote: Tatiana
        And now, even some participants on the VO website create so-called “healing microbiorobots” by scientists in the United States that can overcome the defense of the body’s immune system and attach only VALUE value and supposedly only for PEACEFUL purposes.
        And all the bio-laboratories created by the SGA in the post-Soviet space fulfill only “PEACEFUL OBJECTIVES”? And if you recall their "typhoid blankets", then there’s nothing to talk about! Under-state is a criminal who, like a robber, takes money from “homies” (Germany) to fight his own illness: “EXCLUSIVITY”! So the time has come: - EXCLUDE!
        1. Ilya-spb April 8 2020 21: 28 New
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          What to do with the American developers of weapons

          "We must pass them to the clinic for experiments!" (c) p. Pechkin
  2. Lipchanin April 8 2020 19: 38 New
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    In turn, in Russia in the "dashing nineties" many studies, including in the field of biological weapons and counteraction to them, were stopped. The “brain drain” led to the departure of talented biologists and chemists in the United States,

    So much for the "Novice"
    "Thank you" Misha and fighting am
  3. Tank hard April 8 2020 20: 36 New
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    I’m boring to repeat, watch the documentary “Hammarskjöld’s Hopeless Case” (2019) from beginning to end. Horizons will open. hi
  4. knn54 April 8 2020 20: 39 New
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    Encephalitis ticks are also on their conscience. Until the beginning of the 30s, there was no information about them in Siberia and the Far East. But the Japanese had problems, up to and including epidemics. Nevertheless, today they did not have any problems, or an effective medicine. But then appeared in our European part, right up to the western borders.
    1. AU Ivanov. April 8 2020 21: 04 New
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      Encephalitis tick in the middle lane has always been.
  5. fif21 April 8 2020 21: 48 New
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    In the SVR, the GRU, there is probably information about biological laboratories - where they are located, what they do, who finances, the files of employees ..... Perhaps the time has come to identify the problem in the UN Security Council. All biological laboratories should be inspected, and those involved in the study of viruses in the interests of the army and private maniacs should be closed or destroyed. HIV, SARS, bird flu, swine flu,
    mouse .... what awaits us next? How to deal with this, and who will be responsible for this? hi
    1. awdrgy April 8 2020 23: 11 New
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      I think an effective cure for viruses already exists. And just a sign of this is the widespread use of these bio-laboratories. After all, a person using such a weapon has a certain psychotype that is different from the norm. And one of the characteristics of such a psychotype is an excessive fear of "getting in a direct fight" Therefore, victory is ensured from under tishka with a prerequisite of their own favorite safety, and this is possible only with the availability of medicine because the vaccine does not guarantee safety during mutations and appeared NII new strains Therefore, the main task is to get out of his entertainer mink and on a purely technical question
      1. Ross xnumx April 9 2020 03: 30 New
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        Quote: awdrgy
        Therefore, victory is ensured from the silence with an indispensable condition of one’s own favorite safety, and this is possible only if there is a medicine because the vaccine does not guarantee safety in case of mutation and the emergence of new strains.

        Quote: Spade
        Useless.
        It’s easier to act in Israeli. They still blame us, let them blame us for the cause.

        It is time to covertly outline Russia's interests in the deployment of American laboratories around our borders. To oblige the countries that "gave them shelter" to allow the admission of Russian specialists to the facility for the purpose of inspection. Otherwise, do the same as the United States did in relation to Panama or Iraq, waving a test tube in the Security Council To incinerate location of objects with precision weapons. Burn so that no traces remain.
        That's what the powers do.
    2. Lopatov April 8 2020 23: 32 New
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      Quote: fif21
      Perhaps the time has come to outline the problem in the UN Security Council.

      Useless.
      It’s easier to act in Israeli.
      They still blame us, let them blame us for the cause.
  6. awdrgy April 8 2020 22: 36 New
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    Tsarist intelligence was 100% sure that the encephalitis tick on D In the work of the Japanese By the way, the Japanese have a very developed parasitology. It is believed that their most important military secret is the discovery (possibly random) of the method of transmitting infection from one species to another, perhaps using an intermediate the carrier (parasite) the Americans got something from the Japanese (this does not mean that the scientific data are also not stored by the Japanese) By the way, these diseases did not become a child prodigy in the full sense of the word only because for implementation if their time of propagation speed was orders of magnitude (if not tens of orders of magnitude) greater than say the strike of the combined arms army of the USSR (we can recall ceramic bombs stuffed with ticks - a complete primitive and one more argument in favor of the chance of discovery) In the future, obviously, this whole thing developed and here’s a whole galaxy of diseases that are not characteristic of humans. An interesting point is what the Japanese can offer for the Kuril Islands, which from their point of view can be compared with the cost of the territories (discovery in virology (parasitology) to Thoroe can be done only by chance with a probability close to zero) -perhaps Time will put everything in its place
  7. Inspector April 8 2020 22: 46 New
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    In Ukraine, the US biolaboratory is clearly not resting.
  8. Avior April 8 2020 22: 57 New
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    In 2018, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the implementation of the American military-biological program in neighboring Georgia, where a special laboratory was created - the so-called Lugar Research Center.

    I remember when such a statement was made by some Georgian in Moscow, but then it somehow calmed down.
    rummaged on the Internet for 5 minutes
    Moscow. November 28. INTERFAX.RU - Russian experts can visit the Lugar Biolaboratory (Richard Lugar Public Health Research Center) located near Tbilisi, the press service of the Georgian government administration said.

    They specified that this was stated at a meeting with Russian Senator Grigory Karasin in Prague by the special representative of the Georgian Prime Minister on relations with the Russian Federation Zurab Abashidze.

    "Given the interest of the Russian side, Zurab Abashidze confirmed that the so-called Lugar laboratory operates in a transparent manner and the doors of the laboratory are open for scientists and experts from all countries, including Russian ones," the press service said.

    Russian experts will visit the Richard Lugar Public Health Research Center in Tbilisi and familiarize themselves with its work. This was reported by TASS on Friday, June 14, with reference to the Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Grigory Karasin.

    According to him, the corresponding agreement arose after the end of the next round of negotiations with the Special Representative of the Georgian Prime Minister Zurab Abashidze.

    https://iz.ru/888874/2019-06-14/rossiiskie-eksperty-osmotriat-laboratoriiu-lugara-v-tbilisi
    TBILISI, Nov 14 - Sputnik. The Richard Lugar Public Health Research Center in Tbilisi opened its doors to specialists from 17 countries in order to dispel the scandalous rumors surrounding the center’s activities.
    .
    The event was attended by 23 delegates from 17 countries. In particular, the laboratory of Lugar was visited by experts and heads of the National Centers for Disease Control in the USA, Austria, Great Britain, Germany, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, Hungary, Italy, Cameroon, Colombia, Malaysia, Mali, Myanmar, Montenegro, Kazakhstan, Chile, Uganda. ...

    that is, the laboratory of infectious diseases, it turns out, where does it come to this article?
    Then carefully read the article again
    But indeed, the author so cleverly docked a message about this center that he never writes that biological weapons or their components are being developed there.
    But thanks to what is inserted in the article, it creates such an impression among the reader.
    ....
    hi
    1. Lopatov April 8 2020 23: 41 New
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      Quote: Avior
      But indeed, the author so cleverly docked a message about this center that he never writes that biological weapons or their components are being developed there.

      And you can be sure that they are not being developed?
      After all, Russian specialists were not allowed to go there. Although they promised back in 2018.
      1. Avior April 9 2020 00: 19 New
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        and you can give a link that did not allow? I searched but not found.
        And, I think, there would be a lot of noise, two dozen countries allowed, there are no Russians.
        and I didn’t see such a noise, although I was looking for it.
        They didn’t allow or didn’t go, because they knew very well that there wasn’t what the Georgian had told?
        however, maybe I didn’t find it easy. I will be grateful for the link.
        1. Ross xnumx April 9 2020 03: 41 New
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          Quote: Avior
          They didn’t allow or didn’t go, because they knew very well that there wasn’t what the Georgian had told?

          As for the international representatives visiting the laboratory in Alekseyevka, the NATO curators of Georgia really planned such an event on November 14-15 this year. It is being prepared with the aim of misleading the international community regarding the true status of this facility. That is why the visit program does not provide measures that can ensure the verification of the laboratory. Naturally, Russian specialists will not take part in such a propaganda farce. More August 13 this year in Geneva, at a meeting of experts from the states parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of Biological and Toxin Weapons, the Russian delegation has already expressed its attitude to this highly dubious undertaking.

          https://www.mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/3367981
          We didn’t go, because attending an event prepared in advance is the same as evaluating “chemical attacks” based on reports of “white helmets” ...
          1. Avior April 9 2020 07: 36 New
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            Invited with them and separately, but I gave the links
            Moreover, agreed to go
            Russian experts will visit the Richard Lugar Public Health Research Center in Tbilisi and familiarize themselves with its work. This was reported by TASS on Friday, June 14, with reference to the Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Grigory Karasin.

            And the center for the production of bacteriological weapons in two days can not be rebuilt
  9. Palmyra April 8 2020 23: 40 New
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    "As expected, the Americans blame the Middle Kingdom, and the PRC claims that the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan occurred after a visit to the city by the US military."
    Well, then the countries successfully exchanged kakakhs, so that it wouldn’t be disastrous ... tongue
  10. Hypatius April 8 2020 23: 47 New
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    Onishchenko, in a report to the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, called it a hybrid terrorist attack. And he is not a conspirator or a yellow scribbler! This statement raises the following question: should some (without) the actions of the Russian authorities be considered aiding terrorists? Is speculation by tests and personal protective equipment in the event of epidemics equivalent to selling tickets to bomb shelters in the event of a database?
  11. aszzz888 April 9 2020 01: 15 New
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    The experiments were conducted on living people captured in the Japanese occupied territories of China.
    and not only there were other races as living subjects.
  12. A. Privalov April 9 2020 09: 46 New
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    At one time, everyone sinned with the development of biological weapons. For example, there is an article on VO. "The tragedy in Sverdlovsk-19: biodiversity or negligence?".