Military Review

Housing in Russia: plans and realities

60

Having your own roof over your head is the dream of every normal person. Of course, it is desirable that everything else be attached to the roof, from strong walls to all kinds of amenities. Naturally, Russians are no less than all the other inhabitants of the planet striving to become owners of if not comfortable cottages, then at least their own apartments, personal square meters, preferably in the largest possible amount and at an affordable price. What was the situation with the satisfaction of these desires over the past decade in the plans of our state and in reality?


To begin with, we recall with what factors the domestic construction industry approached 2010. Let's talk about the times, so to speak, the original, about the 90s. The reformers, swearing that they would put all their strength in order to improve the material well-being of Russian citizens and their living conditions, fulfilled this oath (as, indeed, all the others) exactly the opposite. In the early and mid-90s, the level of housing construction in the country more than doubled; at the beginning of the current century, it was built in Russia about the same as in the USSR in the 50s of the last century.

More or less real growth began around 2005. After the crisis of 2008, construction was in decline for a couple of years, but from 2011 to 2015 we have stable and continuous growth. If in 2010 it was commissioned 58 million square meters of housing, then in 2015 this figure amounted to 85,3 million. Further, the growth rate in construction began to alternate with recessions, but, of course, and not nearly the same as in the 90s. Rejoice and pack for the move? No, you should not rush here. First, the record for the USSR in 1987, when 72,8 million square meters of housing was commissioned, was exceeded in our country only in 2014. However, one must not forget that the USSR, both in territory and in number of inhabitants, is not modern Russia.

Secondly, since about 2011, there has been a trend towards an ever-decreasing decrease in the structure of turnkey housing units in the share of multi-storey, multi-apartment buildings with a fairly distinct increase in the number of low-rise housing construction. That is mansions and cottages. On the one hand, this seems to be not bad - your own house is better than the cell in the "anthill". On the other hand, let's honestly answer the question of how many of our compatriots can afford such happiness? There would be a mortgage for the “kopeck piece” ... Nevertheless, according to forecasts of industry experts, by this year, the low-rise sector should occupy more than 81% of the total array of housing under construction. Either our people began to enrich en masse (which is hardly possible under the current conditions), or they simply began to build less for less well-off citizens.

At one time, the country's president gave completely clear and unambiguous guidelines on the issue we are discussing. So, in April 2007, Vladimir Putin announced that housing construction should grow to 100-130 million square meters per year, and it would be even better if every Russian was built per square meter per year. A little later, in 2011, the head of state spoke of the need to go out by 2020 to build housing every year with a total area of ​​140 million square meters. True, in 2018 he again corrected this figure - already up to 120 million square meters per year.

One way or another, but in today's extremely difficult economic conditions, such milestones are likely to become another pipe dream. Yes, in 2019 we again saw an increase in housing construction by 5% - up to 79,4 million square meters. However, according to the deep conviction of analysts working with data from both the construction industry and real estate markets, now the situation is again changing for the worse. This, however, is not surprising: the drop in oil prices that hit Russia’s income, coupled with the spread of infection, is somehow not very encouraging to invest in the construction industry, even if we are talking about our own housing. Not to fat, to be alive ...

According to the results of the first months of this year, the number of apartments and houses for rent decreased by at least 7% in terms of total volume. In the future, the industry is predicting a new “rollback” - up to 72-75 million "squares" annually. And this is far from the worst scenario. However, all this is still only forecasts and versions, but I would still like to hope for the best.
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins April 8 2020 06: 59 New
    13
    I have been in construction since 2000. In general, the author is right. Trivia, these, of course, are depressing ... If you look at the regions, then building a housing stock in large cities is a common thing, but in whatever "Mukhosizhensk" the introduction of a banal 9th ​​floor is already a holiday.
    The irresponsible work of the chief architectures is also depressing, when the news from various architectural directions, often absolutely dissonant with the surrounding buildings, rises and coats the news.
    Well, and promises! The promise is our everything! I still remember the thesis "every family has an apartment by 2000!" Since then, little has changed ...
    1. Same lech
      Same lech April 8 2020 07: 06 New
      10
      Either our people began to enrich en masse (which is hardly possible in the current conditions), or they simply began to build less for less well-off citizens.

      They got into loans, mortgages and loans ... yeah, what wealth they piled on ... any crisis for these people is a real test and for some people it’s a tragedy ... a person loses his job, money and how he gets out of debt bondage in such conditions this is a big problem.
      The irresponsible work of the chief architects is also depressing.

      I agree ... in my city, I’m the last words of their mother ... it feels like they are two-year students and not competent architects ... they built multi-storey residential districts around the city but didn’t take care of transport interchanges and roads, and the city at peak times just stands in kilometers traffic jams ... the economic losses from such an architecture are multibillion.
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins April 8 2020 07: 09 New
        +7
        There is a separate discussion about the mortgage ... This has become a pain for many families.
        1. Same lech
          Same lech April 8 2020 07: 11 New
          +6
          This has become a pain for many families.
          Yes, it’s better not to read about it ... the mood immediately goes into minus. recourse
        2. Stas157
          Stas157 April 8 2020 07: 49 New
          15
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          There is a separate conversation about the mortgage ... It has become a pain for many families..

          The predatory percentage of the mortgage is such that you can buy another apartment for the amount of payments on it. People are simply robbed. This is a complaint to our government, which cannot (does not want) ensure a normal mortgage percentage of 1-2%. I'm not talking about a completely interest-free mortgage, which is in some countries.
          1. Svarog
            Svarog April 8 2020 08: 17 New
            14
            Quote: Stas157
            the claim to our government, which cannot (does not want) to ensure a normal percentage of mortgages of 1-2%

            Abroad, our banks withstand such rates .. I just realized for a long time that our government works for Europe and the USA .. everything is there ... the people themselves aren’t enough, but we aren’t there, we aren’t enough masks ourselves, but the first thing is to send to the EU. .. about the population of their own country, they think in the last turn .. and then only in the mode that would still rip off them ..
            1. Yura
              Yura April 8 2020 08: 33 New
              -4
              Quote: Svarog
              Abroad, our banks withstand such rates .. I just realized for a long time that our government works for Europe and the USA .. everything is there ... the people themselves aren’t enough, but we aren’t there, we aren’t enough masks ourselves, but the first thing is to send to the EU. .. about the population of their own country, they think in the last turn .. and then only in the mode that would still rip off them ..

              Yura (Yuri) 2 January 20, 2020 16:07
              -11
              North Korean economy grows faster than Russian
              Quote: x.andvlad
              What is growing is the price. And, apparently, after that someone's wallet is growing. But this is with the elect.
              Quote: Altona
              Vladimir, I wrote a comment about the USA in another thread. Donald Fredovich is pulling the economy as best he can, unemployment has become less than 4% (!!) (comparable to ours, where 30 million “self-employed” are plus), real incomes increased by 3% (compared to our 0,1), the number of people receiving food stamps decreased for 2 million people themselves earn. A strategic agreement has been signed with China; China's market for American goods has been opened.
              Quote: Svarog
              Trump is generally well done.
              Quote: Altona
              Well, ours immediately admitted that he was assigned from old Clinton.

              Where are you guys from and who ?! In Russia there is everything that you envy in the USA, even Clinton’s grandmother put someone up, in Russia the growth of the economy is unimportant, if you put your hands on this growth, then you worked poorly, if you didn’t make it worse, did nothing and scream, ears are laying. Read your dialogue here again in my post, do not you think that the darling from all this is rotten?
              1. Svarog
                Svarog April 8 2020 09: 05 New
                +7
                Where are you guys from and who ?!

                Jura, rotten darling, when the obvious failures of the government, pass off as achievements, and also rotten, when with the dying population of the country, some characters manage to scream cheers .. Here the darling is rotten, you support those who immerse their people in poverty and contributes to its extinction .. Who are you? Are you Russian people? A Russian person cannot be happy with the results that these managers organized.
      2. unaha
        unaha April 8 2020 07: 28 New
        +3
        As our chief architect said recently to increase the footage and seal the development of the micro-district under construction: "what you wanted, the investor incurred costs, he also needs to recapture them." I don’t remember about, in principle, wretched in terms of the appearance of standard designs of skeletons in the city center.
        1. Same lech
          Same lech April 8 2020 07: 32 New
          +1
          "what did you want, the investor incurred costs, he also needs to recapture them
          And the authorities are looking where ... in such cases it is necessary for both the investor and the chief architect to solder a lawsuit for the city’s losses from their activities ... hire competent lawyers and specialists who will calculate the losses ... they will immediately start scratching their turnips ... until it’s all started by gravity.
          1. Alexey Sommer
            Alexey Sommer April 8 2020 08: 06 New
            +7
            Quote: The same Lech
            and solicit the investor and the head architect

            So just this problem can not be solved. But planting must begin. Otherwise, you will not change anything. Just a question. Who are the judges?)
    2. Stas157
      Stas157 April 8 2020 07: 18 New
      18
      Yes, in 2019 we again saw an increase in housing construction by 5% - up to 79,4 million square meters.

      If we subtract from the statistics the area of ​​houses built by the people themselves, then the number of squares supplied by official statistics will be less.

      Modern housing - high-rise buildings ugly squeezed into an established infrastructure. Without parking lots and familiar yards. Apartments with small rooms and kitchens (and they also criticize Khrushchev for this!). And with a long common corridor between the apartments, as in a hostel.

      And this is what developers call luxury housing (since there are WiFi and usb sockets in the courtyard)! It has a horse price tag and plus a predatory mortgage percentage.

      This is what is offered now to a simple Russian.
      1. Alexey Sommer
        Alexey Sommer April 8 2020 08: 07 New
        +4
        Quote: Stas157
        And with a long common corridor between the apartments, as in a hostel.

        And this is what developers call luxury housing (since there are WiFi and usb sockets in the courtyard)!

        I agree with you. I see you know what you're talking about.
    3. Old partisan
      Old partisan April 8 2020 07: 27 New
      +9
      The question is logical and who in any kind of Mukhosizhensk will pull a mortgage of 3,5 million rubles with a salary of 10-12 tr
      And which Gref will give it? That is the whole explanation. Soviet Secondary and if the grandfathers die. B. Housing program, God forgive me.
    4. Vend
      Vend April 8 2020 10: 20 New
      +4
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      I have been in construction since 2000. In general, the author is right. Trivia, these, of course, are depressing ... If you look at the regions, then building a housing stock in large cities is a common thing, but in whatever "Mukhosizhensk" the introduction of a banal 9th ​​floor is already a holiday.
      The irresponsible work of the chief architectures is also depressing, when the news from various architectural directions, often absolutely dissonant with the surrounding buildings, rises and coats the news.
      Well, and promises! The promise is our everything! I still remember the thesis "every family has an apartment by 2000!" Since then, little has changed ...

      Yes, the point is not how much in quantity, they build a lot, how much in price. Not every family can afford to buy a home, even on a mortgage
  2. Far B
    Far B April 8 2020 07: 02 New
    14
    Plans, realities ... As far as I remember, with one exception the price tag grew with enviable constancy (I do not consider small drops at the level of statistical error). The exception I'm talking about is default-98. Toga real estate prices, in Vladik, in any case, really collapsed. The guesthouse could be bought for a piece of bucks, odnushka - for three pieces, kopeck piece - seven, three rubles - 11, etc. It was. Since then, the price tag has grown exceptionally. And he grew up already jumping out of himself. The reason is greed. But they explain to us that the reason is "expensive land for development." Dear, dear, beloved those in power, developers and others who are living on immovable things, let the devils roast you in the next world forever and ever, amen. The cost of building land affects only the primary real estate market. Further down. Moreover, this can in no way affect the real estate that was being built back in the days of the Union.
    But attention! The day before yesterday, some authoritative citizens from construction consulting throughout the country announced that as a result of the April outage of a non-commissioned move, it could sink by 5-10%. And in the case of an unfavorable scenario, if the non-quarantine is extended until September, by 20-30%. It would seem logical, right? And here greetings come from a parallel world: prices for the real estate of the secondary market in Russia are rising! And right there, charged experts, who needed to explain “the price of the ruble, and, attention!” “Increased the cost of construction work due to higher prices for imported materials”, weighed in with the necessary energy, the necessary energy!
    Let me remind you just in case: we are talking about rising prices for real estate in the secondary. That is, to explain the price increase for anything, we will get any experts from anywhere. And they will explain. And most of the "daragy radiant" with bulging eyes, unfortunately, such an explanation eats - and not choke.
    Something very similar to the situation with rising gas prices, which, as you know in Russia, rise in three cases: when oil prices rise, when they fall, and when they are in a state of absolute rest ...
    1. Archon
      Archon April 8 2020 07: 34 New
      +4
      real estate is considered as an investment of money for their storage. when prices fall, normal people rejoice, and the rest cry, because it is their money that has decreased. therefore, the market panic when housing becomes cheap. and the prices grew, it is likely that some people decided to invest their money in apartments and thereby provoked an increase.
      it would be better if the entire territory along the railway and roads would be built up with panels to Artem!
      In general, Vladivostok has very few chances for correction due to geographical and economic-political reasons, and even the SCA will not give anything. even Ussuriysk is more likely.
      1. Far B
        Far B April 8 2020 07: 52 New
        +2
        The M-Amursky Peninsula is built up much less than it seems. Ermine, territories north of the Vtoryak (Up to Uglovka), Churkin, Nazimova, now Russian, in the future Popov. Reinecke and Rikorda, of course, are unlikely, but this is enough to make a normal city, not humane, but normal - with green areas, parks, etc., a million by 3. I know thoroughly what I'm writing about. So the price tag has grown exclusively in a speculative manner. The city administration, of course, increased the cost of land, but this, in general, is no more than 5-10% of the total picture.
        1. Archon
          Archon April 8 2020 14: 36 New
          0
          the idea of ​​building up the islands looks disgusting - we have too much traffic. but from the second river and the dawn towards the corner it is quite normal to build up. but at the same time I would like an overground subway in the city.
      2. Overlock
        Overlock April 8 2020 10: 17 New
        15
        Quote: Archon
        real estate is considered as an investment of money for their storage. when prices fall, normal people rejoice, and the rest cry,

        so storing money in savings banks has become dangerous for the investor. Any power again and again launches its paw in my pocket, that with the collapse of the USSR, that now. How else to save money?
    2. Alf
      Alf April 8 2020 19: 50 New
      +2
      Quote: Far In
      Something very similar to the situation with rising gas prices, which, as you know in Russia, rise in three cases: when oil prices rise, when they fall, and when they are in a state of absolute rest ...

      Yesterday's news.
  3. Archon
    Archon April 8 2020 07: 08 New
    +7
    Perhaps it is worth recalling a relatively recent experience?

    “The Khrushchev’s were built in a short time from ready-made blocks manufactured and prepared for installation at the house-building plant. On average, it took about 12 days. There were also “Stakhanovites”: one Leningrad brigade set a record in 5 days. "

    Of course, you can slower and better, but still can not be compared with an expensive monolithic house, which is being built 1,5-3 years.
    Yes, the Khrushchevs are small and scary, but they have roofed millions of people over their heads and are still standing. today you can make them better and better by correcting the mistakes of the past.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech April 8 2020 07: 14 New
      +6
      "The Khrushchevs were built in a short time from ready-made blocks produced and prepared for installation at the house-building plant
      I live in just such a Khrushchev almost all my life.
      Here is the real inheritance from the USSR.
    2. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx April 8 2020 07: 53 New
      +7
      Quote: Archon
      Yes, the Khrushchevs are small and scary, but they have roofed millions of people over their heads and are still standing. today you can make them better and better by correcting the mistakes of the past.

      "Khrushchev" is not small and not scary. Their shortcomings are offset by the speed of construction. But they didn’t disappear from this: small kitchens, a completely compressed bathroom and / (there was a combination): low ceilings; lack of elevator (inconvenience for residents with disabilities); narrow balcony open to all winds. The rest, depending on the layout: there were small rooms (4 rooms) and walk-through rooms ("car", "tram" - where they called it); limited number of outlets, etc.
      However: the advantage of this assembly was the quality (the ability to control it before entering the construction site) of panels and reinforced concrete structures. Concrete has a ripening period and "pouring" a 25-storey building continuously - is fraught. In addition, the quality of concrete can be checked - it cannot be fixed.
      With modern technology, such houses (by the type of “Khrushchev”) could be “baked”, like pies and called it municipal housing (without the right to purchase). People have every right to live in decent conditions. And, if someone has “burn your money”, you are welcome: cottage construction on an individual order from the catalog of proposed projects (for this particular cottage village).
      For the “prima donnas” and other immensely “happy” open spaces of their native country and castles outside mass development.
      Something like this ... repeat
      1. Archon
        Archon April 8 2020 08: 14 New
        +2
        I agree, but it's good that they are six-story. a six-story house does not cause psychological discomfort and does not give a large concentration of car owners.
        the only thing is, there are people who claim that they don't like gray faceless boxes. In this case, I would suggest covering the walls with mirrored multi-colored mosaics. let it be vigorous gypsy, but fun and bright!
        1. AU Ivanov.
          AU Ivanov. April 8 2020 10: 08 New
          +2
          Just paint, in different colors, as they do in the same Salekhard and the house will sparkle.
        2. Vadim237
          Vadim237 April 8 2020 14: 06 New
          0
          Wait for renovation - by the year 2040 they will come to the hinterland, and during this time the hinterland will become more compact in view of the enlargement of small and medium-sized cities.
          1. Alf
            Alf April 8 2020 19: 57 New
            +1
            Quote: Vadim237
            Wait for renovation

            In FIG such renovation. The first houses were built well, without departing from the box office. But read the reviews of those who were "lucky" to move to the houses of the next stage of construction, especially in terms of their "quality".
        3. Alf
          Alf April 8 2020 19: 54 New
          0
          Quote: Archon
          and it’s good that they are six-story.

          Who are the six-story? Khrushchev’s ??? They were originally planned because they were FIVE floors, because according to those SNIPs, buildings from six floors and above should be equipped with elevators.
          1. Archon
            Archon April 9 2020 07: 20 New
            0
            Typical buildings have 5, less often - 4,6, 9 or 10 floors, we often saw 6 floors.
          2. Archon
            Archon April 9 2020 07: 36 New
            +1
            “Less known are the examples of six-story Khrushchevs that can be found in hilly areas of the former USSR. With uneven urban terrain, these houses were erected on the slopes, resulting in five floors on the higher side and six on the lower side. In this In this case, the lower floor can be called basement or semi-basement: often there were only two apartments, and the windows looked on one side, while the mandatory norm of five ground levels remained - tenants of the lower floor of the six-story Khrushchev did not rise, but went down the stairs to get to their rooms to the site. "
            And our terrain is just hilly.
            1. Alf
              Alf April 9 2020 18: 55 New
              +2
              Quote: Archon
              And our terrain is just hilly.

              Tady-Oh!
      2. Stas157
        Stas157 April 8 2020 09: 14 New
        +9
        Quote: ROSS 42
        there were small rooms (4 rooms) and walk-through rooms ("car", "tram" - where they called it)

        We called the passage rooms "pants".))

        Quote: ROSS 42
        "Khrushchev" is not small and not scary. Their shortcomings are offset by the speed of construction.

        It was conceived as temporary housing. To close the issue of housing in the postwar years. Used, by the way, french experience. Service life 25 years. But the Khrushchevs have already defended their two terms. Interestingly, did these Khrushchev remain in France?
        1. AU Ivanov.
          AU Ivanov. April 8 2020 10: 13 New
          +1
          Khrushchev’s is not a French experience, it’s a trophy. And to call them Khrushchevs is also not entirely correct, this is a development of the Stalin period, under Khrushchev it was simply implemented.
  4. DMB 75
    DMB 75 April 8 2020 07: 15 New
    11
    Housing in Russia and did not stand close to housing in the Union. Housing was free, without all these loans and mortgages of slaves. My wife and I got at our enterprises at the time, we’ll die, we will leave children with grandchildren.
    1. Fan-fan
      Fan-fan April 8 2020 12: 06 New
      +1
      And our children will already receive figs free of charge from the state. Our children will have to hunch their whole lives to get their apartment. All this is sad and insulting, I was young, so I hoped for the state and it (the state) helped out, provided free housing. And what about the current state?
      How at such housing prices and at such salaries to buy an apartment? Yes, it went so far away such a state, or rather such rulers, so that they "burst".
      1. ser56
        ser56 April 8 2020 16: 24 New
        -2
        Quote: Fan-Fan
        How at such housing prices and at such salaries to buy an apartment?

        yes corny, if your children work and are not lazy ... hi
    2. ser56
      ser56 April 8 2020 16: 23 New
      -2
      Quote: DMB 75
      Housing in Russia and did not stand next to housing in the Union

      re-read the article - already building more ... request
      Quote: DMB 75
      My wife and I got an apartment at our enterprises

      so are you scammers? request
  5. nikolaj1703
    nikolaj1703 April 8 2020 07: 25 New
    10
    Dear! I have been in construction since 1987, I was mainly engaged in washing and low-rise building. Today it is necessary to scatter from megacities, the future is for separate houses for a real Russian family of 3-4 generations, as it has been for centuries in Russia. They are crowded in Moscow and around, and the country is empty, there are only poor old people in the village. One blow to Moscow and St. Petersburg - and there is no country, one must think.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech April 8 2020 07: 36 New
      +5
      Today it is necessary to scatter from megacities, the future is for separate houses for a real Russian family of 3-4 generations, as it has been for centuries in Russia.

      I fully support this proposal ... but the question is how to achieve this from those in power who are concerned only with the quickest enrichment of their pockets ... the future of Russian families, as I understand it, is of little concern to them.
    2. nikvic46
      nikvic46 April 8 2020 07: 52 New
      +3
      Nikolai: Do you want the housing market to collapse? It doesn’t matter that a real conspiracy can be traced in terms of housing prices. Nobody is thinking of taking measures against this. Gangster capitalism. But in a hundred years it will turn into universal humanity. I am writing, and a tear comes from tenderness.
      1. nikolaj1703
        nikolaj1703 April 8 2020 08: 37 New
        +5
        Capitalism with a human face - I burn. A lot of housing is being built in Moscow, but there are more crooks there. Today there is a small epidemic, and if some bastard brings something terrible. With this crowding, depending on water supply, sanitation and other utilities, I’m even afraid to imagine the consequences.
    3. Overlock
      Overlock April 8 2020 10: 14 New
      14
      Quote: nikolaj1703
      One blow to Moscow and St. Petersburg - and there is no country, one must think.

      it’s enough to look at today's day: some tiny virus and Moscow drowned in patients who managed to escape.
      Better - away from Moscow
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 April 8 2020 14: 09 New
        0
        Go to Kazan, Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk.
    4. Fan-fan
      Fan-fan April 8 2020 12: 13 New
      +2
      Everything is right about Moscow and St. Petersburg. But how to live in a village, where to work, subsistence farming?
      But the landowners are not given to everyone and the landowners will not save the country anyway.
  6. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx April 8 2020 07: 32 New
    +5
    Housing in Russia: plans and realities

    Author! You simply have no right to talk about plans in the context of the proclamation of a liberal market economy (realistically state-speculative). Not in this economy plans. There are only average indicators when in Russia there is a comfortable apartment for each family, but at the same time, some official has 8 apartments, and seven families live in a wooden hut.
    My suggestion is to change the housing tax system, in which it becomes unprofitable to own more than two apartments. Let the only housing with a total area of ​​not more than 60 m² not be taxed on housing. yes For the existing second tax (annual) should be 1% of the cadastral (in conjunction with the market). And then - in geometric progression: 3 - 2%; 4 - 4%; 5 - 8%; 6 - 16%; 7 - 32%; 8 - 64% ... wassat
    With all this, a person who has not reached the age of 18 with a parent does not have the right to be the owner of a house ...
    Even so, we will remove the excitement from the massive acquisition of real estate for the future.
    Particular relation to persons with foreign citizenship. For them, all real estate in the country is second, etc. Perhaps some people will no longer want to buy out the entrances (to live in the entrance of an apartment building) - there are some ... repeat
    But in general, I agree with:
    Quote: Leader of the Redskins
    I have been in construction since 2000.

    Boxes without parking lots, interchanges and courtyards. It seems that in Russia there is no longer free land.
    1. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. April 8 2020 09: 59 New
      0
      As for foreigners - I agree, let foreigners pay at special rates. But our citizens buy the second and third housing, mainly for old age, in order to ensure a decent retirement life. Or children for growth. Why then crush them with taxes? Real estate is their airbag, and you give suggestions in the style of our MNF.
    2. KrolikZanuda
      KrolikZanuda April 8 2020 14: 30 New
      +1
      And better than 20 square meters. m. Che trifles that can live in a kennel. You need to live in your home, a family of 4 people needs at least 300 square meters. m
  7. prior
    prior April 8 2020 07: 58 New
    +6
    Great is Russia, but there is nowhere to live in it.
    So the people reached for the "sworn West" ...
    1. Svarog
      Svarog April 8 2020 08: 19 New
      +6
      Quote: prior
      Great is Russia, but there is nowhere to live in it.
      So the people reached for the "sworn West" ...

      Indeed, with our areas, the land should cost a penny ..
  8. Alexey Sommer
    Alexey Sommer April 8 2020 08: 32 New
    +4
    So far, our president on TV has stated that the middle class is everyone who receives more than 1,5 times the minimum wage of the building boom associated with people buying housing.
    While there are no wealthy people, construction records are possible only at the state expense.
    And by the way, it won't be that expensive. For example, building a city in Russia per 1 inhabitants will cost up to $ 000 billion, or maybe less, along with infrastructure, if you do not steal.
    But these investments are all coming back. It's just that our state is not aimed at this right now.
    After the middle class appears in Russia (if it does!), Low-rise construction will undoubtedly become a strategic direction. In cabinets even of a bizarre shape, where someone eternally screams, drills, erases a normal person, he doesn’t want to live.
    1. Alf
      Alf April 8 2020 20: 01 New
      +1
      Quote: Alexey Sommer
      if you don’t steal.

      Ek, you, my friend, have bent ..
  9. Ros 56
    Ros 56 April 8 2020 08: 41 New
    +5
    In the province, why build them, when people flee because of the killed factories and factories, we still have 226-odd thousand of the population of the once 280-odd thousand. Apartments are now cheap and there are ads for renting and selling a shaft. Everyone runs to where there is work and a good salary, so that the children would not be ashamed to look into the eyes from the inability to buy extra candy or new shoes, or even worse to drive into a theater or circus.
    So it turns out that housing is in short supply only in large cities with millionaires or so. And thereby, because of the influx of newcomers, they begin to cut salaries, as there are people who want to work for less money.
  10. Chaldon48
    Chaldon48 April 8 2020 08: 48 New
    +3
    It’s a problem to get a square meter for everyone, his pensioner and the cemetery, and his own house is generally a fairy tale. In addition, it was noticed that government officials somehow believe that roads should be aspholyted only where there are a lot of apartment “ant-killers”, and private traders, in their understanding, are apparently rich enough to do this at their own expense. As a result, the rich are either forced to acquire SUVs or squeeze in rubber boots on their knees in the mud.
  11. Overlock
    Overlock April 8 2020 10: 11 New
    15
    that building houses is good. It remains to find those who can buy it. There is no social protection of the USSR in the form of an apartment, and the “middle class”, according to Putin, is occupied with the problem of survival. So apartments for those. who has the money. And there are fewer and fewer such
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 8 2020 14: 11 New
      -3
      But at the same time they buy more apartments.
  12. grumbler
    grumbler April 8 2020 11: 31 New
    0
    “The drop in oil prices that hit Russians’s income, coupled with the spread of infection, is somehow not very encouraging to invest in the construction industry, even if we are talking about our own housing. Not to fat, I’d live ...”
    If desired, one could try to use the situation to restructure the “tenure model” of housing: from tenant ownership to rent (of various forms: short-term, long-term, life-time, etc.).
    We have the only reliable way to invest money, one investment tool - "square meters". This warms up the housing market - housing prices are rising. The people do not carry money to banks - they do not receive citizens' deposits, which they could use for "long investments" (which industrial enterprises need for R&D and development of production).
    Also, the “tenant-owner” model and the mortgage completely do not meet the requirements of “labor mobility” and the model of flexible “rental consumption” and “services”. And rent is very expensive, due to the predominance of the property of the tenant. Which makes it very difficult for flexible housing for young professionals. It comes to the point that in the articles on personnel problems of the military-industrial complex, some leaders of the old school offer enterprises to return to the creation of a "departmental social network."
    But it is clear that in market conditions this is nonsense! Why burden the enterprise with all this? Pay your salary, and the employee will decide where and how to live, which pool / gym to go to. In terms of housing, this will be possible only with a qualitative change in the "ownership model" for rent.
    Also, the “tenant-owner” model is very harmful to the flexibility of housing: a young man who has just flown out of a family nest lives in a communal apartment with friends.
    Slightly fledged - moved a more spacious "youth" apartment. Have created a couple - have come together. Children were born - you can rent a house more expensive, more spacious. And divorced ... - parted in smaller apartments. Older couples, for the time being, live together, but when one of them dies, the widowed person can move to children or to smaller housing.
    The advantage of renting is that it is natural for apartment buildings (which we have in most large cities). Recall the "apartment buildings" of Moscow and St. Petersburg - this is the very rental housing (from the cold rooms of students to the "lordly" apartments in which Prof. Preobrazhensky from Dog Heart lived. They all rented).
    It is much easier for a single owner to carry out maintenance work (for some of us, we don’t remember situations when it is necessary to change emergency risers or eliminate leaks, and the owners do not allow them to enter their apartments). And with a single owner of the house it is much easier to demand compliance with the rules, collect fees, taxes, etc.
    With this model, the owner can be not only a private person, company or bank, but the municipality, state. If necessary, they can sell / buy “pools” of rental housing, reacting more flexibly to the situation in the economy, demography, and labor migration.
    No one says the “tenant-owner” form should disappear completely, but it should cease to be prevailing in the market. Then he lived. the construction will naturally consolidate resources and responsibilities (no "deceived equity holders" and other costs of the "tenant-owner" model).
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 8 2020 14: 15 New
      0
      The topic with deceived equity holders has been closed since this year.
      1. Alf
        Alf April 8 2020 20: 09 New
        +2
        Quote: Vadim237
        The topic with deceived equity holders has been closed since this year.

        They returned money to all deceived real estate investors or gave apartments? Or stopped mentioning the topic?
  13. ser56
    ser56 April 8 2020 16: 40 New
    -3
    the article is already heavily polluted by the author’s shoveling .... request
    "Yes. In 2019, we again saw a 5% increase in housing construction - to 79,4 million square meters."
    Well, the author lied on almost 1 million m2 repeat
    "The volume of commissioning of housing in the Russian Federation at the end of 2019 amounted to 80,3 million m2"
    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/129899/

    “On the other hand, let's honestly answer the question of how many of our compatriots can afford such happiness?” a lot of! “In total, 1,103 million new apartments were built” and, as you can see from the area of ​​the average apartment, far from Khrushchev ... request
    "was to occupy more than 81% of the total mass of housing under construction."
    we will help the author to find out the correct digit -
    “In the structure of commissioning, apartment buildings accounted for 43,24 million m2, for individual housing construction - 32,42 million m2.”
    can the author repeat the math? recourse