Military Review

The new HOWA 5.56 rifle: cheap, functional, technologically advanced

63

Rifle "Type 89" in an environment close to combat. But soon a replacement will come to her!


Even with a grain of courage, a person can become a warrior, with a drop of love, everyone can become a messiah ... No matter how tired you are, however lonely you are, do not forget, there are people who care about you ... ”
Usagi Tsukino / Sailor Moon


Weapon and firms. “Will there be any sequel to the Howa Type 89 rifle?” Here is a question that quite unexpectedly surfaced after the publication of the article “IN” "Howa Type 89. Its" alien "rifle".

Indeed, the rifle has been in service for quite some time, and if not physically, then morally certainly out of date. And if it’s out of date, then you need to replace it. And for what? But, fortunately, in one of the comments there was information that “About $ 9 has been allocated in the budget of this year for the purchase of 000 HOWA 000 rifles.” That's just a pity that there is practically no information about this rifle. It is only known that she won the contest against SCAR-L FN HERSTAL and HK3283. Well and the fact that this rifle is designed for the Japanese Self-Defense Forces by Howa and that it is the successor to the Howa Type 5.56 rifle.


The Japanese contingent in Iraq also shot from "89"!


And the same rifles among the fighters of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces in the parade. But why such bright red neckerchiefs?

Nevertheless, information about this new and rather curious sample was still found. In particular, as it turned out, back in August 2014, it was reported that the JGSDF (Japanese Self-Defense Forces) were looking for a new rifle to replace the old Type 89. The initial candidates for replacement were the Heckler & Koch G36, Heckler & Koch HK416, Steyr AUG, FN SCAR rifles and a new rifle developed by Howa itself.


Japanese soldier fires with Type 06 grenades put on Type 89 rifle barrel

In 2015, the Japanese Ministry of Defense purchased various foreign-made rifles for testing and contracted Howa to test her rifles as a comparison. All test samples received alphabetical indexing. "Type S", 516 and 716 "are SIG516 and SIG716," type G, V "is G36V," type HK "is, of course, HK416 or HK417, and" type SC, H and L "are rifles SCAR-H and SCAR-L.

The new HOWA 5.56 rifle: cheap, functional, technologically advanced

French Army HK416 Rifle

At the same time, Howa filed a patent application for the design of its rifle on May 15, 2015. In addition, its design was patented in accordance with the Japan Construction Law (Section 14), which allows the structure to be kept secret for up to three years. The characteristic design features of the rifle were also later patented in accordance with the same law on September 25, 2015. So, both the design of the units and even the appearance of the new model of the Howa rifle are today objects of strict patent law, and it will be valid for three years! So, all this time to get her photos will be very problematic, unless someone knows how to make them ... not quite, say, legally and put it at your own risk and peril on the Internet.


HK416a5 - "carbine"

The outcome of these tests was not reported. But it was reported that in 2018, the Ministry of Defense of Japan purchased another batch of small arms for further testing. Apparently, it was not possible to immediately find out something, additional tests were needed, including directly in the armed forces.


And this is how the fighters of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces test themselves and test their weapons!


A bayonet command followed!

As a result, the military selected the HOWA 5.56, HK416 and SCAR-L rifles. And after that, on December 6, 2019, it was reported that HOWA 5.56 was chosen among the other two rifles as the new rifle for the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. A subsequent report indicated that in 2018, it was evaluated using two important sets of parameters. According to the first, the main attention was focused on revealing its characteristics of weapons on land, including such important indicators as effective range and accuracy. The second assessment compared the characteristics, logistics and cost of weapons with two other rifles. Since all three rifles met the requirements of the Self-Defense Forces, the main question was, as it happens with weapons very, very often, the question of money, that is, the cost of weapons in the scale of its mass production. And HOWA 5.56 was chosen precisely because it received the highest rating for this indicator. It was found that the unit price for mass production is 280 yen, including maintenance and operation costs. Well, the estimated life cycle cost in the event that 000 rifles are ordered is 150000 billion yen! Well, her creators are also their own. These are the engineers at Howa Kazuhiro Kuroda and Koji Iwata.

The first batch of rifles (3283 units) was purchased for 900 million yen based on the 2020 defense budget.

Japanese experts say that Howa 5.56 has better durability, firepower and manufacturability compared to type 89. Also, HOWA 5.56 has Picatinny rail compared to type 89. Moreover, this is the first Japanese rifle, which received them as a standard structural element. Stores are also considered compatible with M16 stores. And this makes sense, because Japanese soldiers, for example, have already participated with the Americans in a military mission in Iraq. The rifle is equipped with a dual selector for fire modes and seems to have automation based on a short piston stroke.


Here is a graphic diagram of the new Howa 5.56 rifle

The modern design of the HOWA 5.56 is practically no different from the design of other modern automatic rifles and has only a few noticeable changes. So, the barrel length was slightly reduced, and its protective casing was changed so as to extend the Picatinny rail as far forward as possible. In addition, there is more than one such bar on it. There are four of them: one on top, one on the bottom and two on the sides. Folding iron sights were also put on the rifle, and a shoulder pad was installed on the butt, similar to the one on the HK416. As for tactical characteristics, the new rifle refused to fire with a cut-off of three shots, considering such a regime irrational. So now she has only two fire modes: single shots and automatic fire.


And this is a set of parts with which it is equipped, including a 40-mm grenade launcher and a bipod bipod

Since Japan has experience in acquiring and using a number of foreign rifles, it is believed that the design of the HOWA 5.56 was compared with the FN SCAR, CZ 805 BREN and Heckler & Koch HK433 rifles, with some experts suggesting that the rifle has the same dimensions and functionality as and a SCAR rifle. And, of course, we must not forget about manufacturability: here the experience gained by Howa in the development and production of the Type 89 is more than enough.


Helmet Vision Type 88 Night Vision

The new rifle will most likely be designated as “Type 19” or 20, although there is no confirmation of this, and besides, it can be considered an updated version of the old “Type 89” rifle.

Interestingly, a new pistol is being adopted simultaneously with the rifle. True, not your own, but SFP9 from H & K. And that, in turn, is a version of the SIG 220 developed in 1978. This sample was tested along with the Beretta APX and Glock 17 pistols, and the Japanese liked it better.


SFP9 Gun

The purchase of a new machine gun for the Self-Defense Forces is also looming on the horizon. The Sumitomo company announced that it is designing a new multi-caliber machine gun that will not be inferior to foreign models.


Graphic image of Sumitomo machine gun


But these are the details that he will understand!

However, some Japanese experts are concerned about Sumitomo’s ability to produce decent weapons. Although this company has been producing machine guns of various designs for decades for the Self-Defense Forces for decades, the quality of their products has a poor reputation.


Well, the Japanese are not going to replace this 9-mm submachine gun based on the Israeli “mini-Uzi”. He already suits them!


Here it is, side view

However, now they declare that their sample will be better than the German MG5 from H & K, here, they say, Sumitomo was able to achieve an unsurpassed result.

Wait and see! Only this can be said for now.
Author:
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AR-15 vs ... AR-15
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  1. Cowbra
    Cowbra April 8 2020 18: 07 New
    -9
    But why so bright red neckerchiefs?
    And why do bibs impose? winked
    1. Kostya Lavinyukov
      Kostya Lavinyukov April 8 2020 19: 13 New
      -4
      These are pioneer ties.
    2. Earthshaker
      Earthshaker April 8 2020 19: 18 New
      13
      A tribute to traditions, warriors of all times wore neckerchiefs so that the edge of the armor or rough matter did not rub the neck in the blood. Doors are also sewn for this reason. Although the material is softer now.
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U April 9 2020 07: 24 New
        0
        Or fighter silk scarves.
        Japanese soldier fires with Type 06 grenades put on Type 89 rifle barrel Judging by the model store of the machine, and the length of the grenade, it is with a bullet catcher. But it is not exactly.
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh April 9 2020 21: 02 New
          +3
          Shoot a blank cartridge. God forbid to charge combat!
          We had a similar grenade for the M-16.
          They were given a separate store painted yellow for them.
          with blank cartridges.
          I did not like these grenades. No accuracy.
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U April 10 2020 02: 52 New
            0
            Quote: voyaka uh
            Shoot a blank cartridge. God forbid to charge combat!

            There are rifle grenades with a bullet catcher and a bulletproof gun, the second, obviously, in principle, cannot be cumulative, but unlike the first they allow the use of bb bullets.
            Quote: voyaka uh
            They were given a separate store painted yellow for them.
            with blank cartridges.
            Look, and in the photo in the article the store is an ordinary, large-capacity one.
        2. Henrik the reader
          Henrik the reader 24 June 2020 12: 24 New
          0
          Here's the type 06 rifle grenade:
          Article: "Rifle grenade type 06 Japanese Self-Defense Forces."
          https://lautlesen.livejournal.com/52127.html
      2. PilotS37
        PilotS37 April 9 2020 09: 53 New
        +3
        Quote: Earthshaker
        A tribute to traditions, warriors of all times wore neckerchiefs so that the edge of the armor or rough matter did not rub the neck in the blood. Doors are also sewn for this reason. Although the material is softer now.

        Famous silk scarves of the WWII aces are in the same series: in battle, the pilot constantly twisted his head and rubbed his neck against the collar of a leather raglan in his blood. The way out was found in a silk scarf ...
  2. Undecim
    Undecim April 8 2020 18: 57 New
    12
    And the same rifles among the fighters of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces in the parade. But why such bright red neckerchiefs?
    Neckerchiefs are an element of a ceremonial form. Color indicates belonging to a particular type or type of army.
    Infantry - Reds, Airborne Brigade - White, etc.
    1. BARKHAN
      BARKHAN April 8 2020 20: 12 New
      -14
      Quote: Undecim
      And the same rifles among the fighters of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces in the parade. But why such bright red neckerchiefs?
      Neckerchiefs are an element of a ceremonial form. Color indicates belonging to a particular type or type of army.
      Infantry - Reds, Airborne Brigade - White, etc.

      Scarves ... very convenient .... For a sniper.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim April 8 2020 20: 15 New
        13
        Do snipers shoot at parade?
        It seems to be written in Russian - an element of the PARADE form.
        1. PilotS37
          PilotS37 April 9 2020 09: 54 New
          0
          Quote: Undecim
          Do snipers shoot at parade?

          And then! This is their favorite pastime! wassat
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA April 10 2020 12: 24 New
          +1
          Quote: Undecim
          Do snipers shoot at parade?

          Snipers watch that the parade crews themselves do not shoot anyone. smile
          And that was, you know, pre-dent in one hot country known for its resorts and canal.
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 April 8 2020 20: 24 New
      0
      -And these? Just the infantry is ...
      1. Undecim
        Undecim April 8 2020 20: 36 New
        +6
        The Japanese have light green - the ordnance (apparently - logistics) and the green - the medical service.
        In the photo, apparently - light green.
  3. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 April 8 2020 19: 33 New
    +3
    Indeed, the rifle has been in service for quite some time, and if not physically, then morally certainly out of date. And if it’s out of date, then you need to replace it

    Yeah, the "type 89", adopted by the Self-Defense Forces in 1989, is physically and morally outdated (even considering that it is basically AR-18, developed in the 60s of the twentieth century), and the AK-74 and even more so AKM, and their clones are still in service (albeit not in Russia, but in many countries of the world for sure) and attempts to replace them with something else - more modern are not very successful (I believe that the AK-74M and even the new AK -12 is just a modernization of the good old AK-74, and even then mostly in terms of ergonomics). Maybe because the same AK-74 is still quite suitable for its purpose. A "Type 89" is not quite?
    1. shinobi
      shinobi April 8 2020 22: 22 New
      +5
      Type 89 is an order of magnitude more difficult to manufacture and it has a lot of small parts, which does not contribute to reliability. If you carefully look at criticism of the Kalash, it all comes down to the fact that there are few different skirts for it. . In the latest AK models, these shortcomings are eliminated. Kalash forever!
  4. saygon66
    saygon66 April 8 2020 19: 40 New
    +2
    - The Japanese in red scarves are gunners ... The tradition of wearing colored scarves in combination with a field uniform is in most foreign armies.
    -

    - French people.

    -_Belgians.

    - Spaniards.

    - The Greeks. And many others...
    1. Undecim
      Undecim April 8 2020 20: 13 New
      +3
      The Japanese in red scarves are gunners
      The Japanese in red scarves are infantry. Japanese gunners have yellow.
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 April 8 2020 21: 49 New
        0
        - Accepted, thanks! Original ... In the European tradition, yellow is cavalry!
  5. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins April 8 2020 21: 55 New
    0
    Key words in the article - "wait and see". It's too early to criticize or praise an unknown weapon.
  6. shinobi
    shinobi April 8 2020 22: 27 New
    +1
    In general, most of the new assault rifles are made on the basis of the gas piston stroke and rotary locking. Like in the Kalash. The rest comes down to the design and improved ergonomics based on new polymers.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim April 8 2020 23: 01 New
      +2
      Like in Kalash
      And before "Kalash" "gas pistons" and "rotary locking" were not used?
      1. shinobi
        shinobi April 9 2020 02: 22 New
        +3
        No. In the first full-fledged assault rifle (Mg-43 Schmeiser), the shutter skew was used.
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey April 9 2020 06: 00 New
          0
          Quote: shinobi
          full assault rifle (Mg-43 Schmeiser)

          Sorry for the tediousness - the first mass agree, the full is very, very doubtful ... the problems with the transverse rupture of the liner and the sticking of the cartridge did not solve, and the complaints went in full flow ..
          1. shinobi
            shinobi April 9 2020 09: 54 New
            +2
            I agree. But these are "childhood diseases" of any conceptually new weapon. I called it a full-fledged one because the Mg-43 was the first where concepts that determined the appearance of assault rifles for the entire 20th century were collected in a single working unit. There is a gas engine, an intermediate cartridge ( the fact that he was needed was said back in the first world war), a box magazine, a general layout.
        2. Undecim
          Undecim April 9 2020 06: 46 New
          +2
          And besides assault rifles, other weapons did not exist?
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U April 9 2020 08: 23 New
            0
            Yes, even the guns were abused! True, not at once, but separately. laughing
      2. John22
        John22 April 12 2020 16: 54 New
        0
        They used a Lewis machine gun in both the Garand rifles and the US M1 carbine
    2. madrobot
      madrobot April 9 2020 08: 20 New
      +1
      If we are not talking about new developments, but about what is mass-produced, that is, there are three completely different schemes:
      1. Branch directly into the receiver (Stoner)
      2. Long piston stroke (Kalashmat)
      3. Short stroke (everything else)
      Well, there are schemes with a free shutter, but this is only for software.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim April 9 2020 09: 19 New
        0
        You wrote nonsense.
        I asked a direct question - before the AK there were serial weapons with gas automatic control, long piston stroke and locking by turning the shutter?
        1. shinobi
          shinobi April 9 2020 10: 08 New
          0
          Only one single thing: Lewis machine gun, which was very popular in Russia after the revolution. Formally speaking, (personal uncited opinion) Kalashnikov's genius is that he unfolded the mechanism and saved it from its shortcomings. For example, firing from an open bolt, replacing the return mechanism from the "gramophone" to the classic coil spring (which made the "gas engine" simpler, smaller and lighter).
          1. Undecim
            Undecim April 9 2020 10: 33 New
            0
            But what about the FG 42?
            1. shinobi
              shinobi April 9 2020 20: 57 New
              0
              Fg-42, it’s more like an automatic submachine gun. Although the idea was great. Why the Germans didn’t bring it to mind is unknown.
              1. Undecim
                Undecim April 9 2020 21: 10 New
                +1
                FG 42 is, first of all, an automatic weapon with gas automatic control, a long piston stroke and locking by turning the bolt. The rest is lyrics.
                1. shinobi
                  shinobi April 10 2020 09: 50 New
                  -2
                  Okay, okay, I forgot about this device, it happens. Well done. You can take a carrot from a shelf.
                  1. Undecim
                    Undecim April 10 2020 11: 09 New
                    0
                    You will be rude at home, if it is customary for you. I do not need to be rude.
            2. Usher
              Usher April 10 2020 14: 26 New
              -1
              No way to be.
            3. Usher
              Usher April 12 2020 09: 38 New
              -2
              Quote: Undecim
              FG 42

              It was not economical and difficult to manufacture. And the cartridge was not "intermediate", but rifle.
          2. John22
            John22 April 12 2020 16: 56 New
            +1
            The genius of Kalashnikov tore off the shutter and locking at Garand.
            1. shinobi
              shinobi April 13 2020 13: 24 New
              0
              Garand, this is a rifle.
        2. Usher
          Usher April 9 2020 10: 58 New
          -3
          Quote: Undecim
          You wrote nonsense.
          I asked a direct question - before the AK there were serial weapons with gas automatic control, long piston stroke and locking by turning the shutter?

          No
          1. Undecim
            Undecim April 9 2020 11: 05 New
            +1
            Wrong answer.
        3. Usher
          Usher April 9 2020 10: 59 New
          -4
          Garand is not considered, this rifle did not become a landmark.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim April 9 2020 12: 08 New
            +1
            In technology, there is no definition of "sign". This is the term of publicists and sofa experts.
            Have you heard about the FG 42? Or is it also "not iconic"?
            1. Usher
              Usher April 12 2020 09: 34 New
              0
              Why is there no definition of "sign"? Is that how you decided? Some technical solutions have been implemented long ago, but have not received recognition. And then others came to these technical solutions, and everyone began to repeat. So it is with AK and Stg-44. Before them, there were solutions for an intermediate cartridge, etc. But only after the AK spread throughout the world, the "assault rifle" era began. Not FG and Garanda. Clear?
              1. Undecim
                Undecim April 12 2020 09: 39 New
                0
                It is absolutely clear that you are the representative of those same armored gunsmiths. You have your own terminology. Happy to stay with the Holiday.
                1. Usher
                  Usher April 14 2020 04: 14 New
                  0
                  Funny))) And you are not divan))) You just left the answer.
    3. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr April 9 2020 11: 00 New
      +1
      Quote: shinobi
      made on the basis of the stroke of the gas piston and rotary locking. As in Kalash.

      The short and long stroke of the gas piston are slightly different designs. Specifically, for this rifle, then it supposedly has a short stroke. That is - not as in the Kalash, but as in the SVD.
  7. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 9 2020 02: 09 New
    +2
    . And the same rifles among the fighters of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces in the parade. But why so bright red neckerchiefs?
    informative article, readable. And the answer to the author lies in the word / parade /, it’s so obvious that Ipens will not fight with such rags on their neck.
    1. kalibr
      April 9 2020 07: 02 New
      +2
      Oh, thanks. Good word and nice to the cat. But only the questions in the articles are asked not at all because the author does not know something, but precisely because he knows, and for a completely different purpose. Believe me ...
  8. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U April 9 2020 07: 28 New
    0
    but the Japanese are not going to replace this 9-mm submachine gun based on the Israeli “mini-Uzi”. He already suits them!
    Why such a long slot on the trunk? For a silencer? But where, then, is the landing thread? Probably for a blinder and a loudspeaker!)))
    1. Undecim
      Undecim April 9 2020 10: 13 New
      +4
      Probably for a blinder and a loudspeaker!)))
      No, for the volunteer to those who misuse it.
      This slot is not on the barrel, but on the arrester screwed onto the thread you are looking for.
      Without it, the PP looks like this.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim April 9 2020 10: 14 New
        +1
        Instead of a flame arrester, a suppressor can be installed.
      2. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U April 9 2020 11: 48 New
        0
        Quote: Undecim
        This slot is not on the barrel, but on the arrester screwed onto the thread you are looking for
        Ahh, so there is still a thread. But to call that monster a flame arrester, you seem to have got excited about it, such slots will simply give out a monstrous flash. Although intimidating a terrorist of some sort will quite go awry. )))
        1. Undecim
          Undecim April 9 2020 11: 56 New
          +3
          You will be surprised, but this is a flame arrester, moreover, it is very effective.
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U April 9 2020 11: 57 New
            0
            Very surprised, maybe still a muzzle brake?
            1. Undecim
              Undecim April 9 2020 12: 04 New
              +1
              The Japanese source just focuses on this point that the main function is a flame arrester, the function of the compensator is secondary.
              1. Vladimir_2U
                Vladimir_2U April 9 2020 13: 08 New
                0
                Slotted flame arresters still do not look that way a little, but you never know, the cartridge is not rifle, or even automatic, so it can be.
  9. Usher
    Usher April 9 2020 10: 56 New
    0
    So, all this time, getting her photos will be very problematic, unless someone knows how to make them ... not quite, say, legally and put it at your own peril and risk on the Internet.

    I wonder what is in the design? And what can they do?
  10. aglet
    aglet April 10 2020 19: 40 New
    +1
    Quote: Undecim
    Like in Kalash
    And before "Kalash" "gas pistons" and "rotary locking" were not used?

    marand m1, although it's just a rifle
  11. aglet
    aglet April 10 2020 20: 03 New
    +1
    Quote: Undecim
    I asked a direct question - before the AK there were serial weapons with gas automatic control, long piston stroke and locking by turning the shutter?

    garand m1
  12. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. 27 May 2020 14: 45 New
    0
    and SFP9 from H & K. And that, in turn, is a version of the SIG 220 developed in 1978

    With what joy is the trigger SIG 220 (two USM variants - double acting or only self-cocking, alloy metal frame), compare the HK VP9 (SFP9) with a polymer frame and a modern bezkurkovy USM? There, from the similarities - only Grandfather Browning HP :))

    This is as "true" as saying "PM represents the TT version" ...




    The author is a light-alloy frame and a polymer frame - these are fundamentally different structures - then write - "these pathetic fakes for Browning HP"