Military Review

Chinese clones of American recoilless guns

29
Chinese clones of American recoilless guns

The first recoilless guns appeared in the PLA at the end of 1950. These were 57- and 75-mm American-made artillery systems captured by Chinese people's volunteers during the fighting in Korea. Trophy “recoilless” was actively used against the former owners. Subsequently, in China, its own analogues were created and put into production.


Since the first mass-produced Chinese recoilless guns were copies of American models, it would be appropriate to mention history their creation in the USA. Since 1943, the US Army has used 60-mm 2,36-inch Anti-Tank Rocket launcher M1 hand-held anti-tank grenade launchers, which received the unofficial name Bazooka ("Bazooka") in the army. In the years of World War II, the American infantry quite successfully used against tanks Enemy modernized grenade launchers M1A1 and M9. However it is effective for its time weapon It was not without a number of significant shortcomings. Most of all the complaints were caused by the electric scheme for launching rocket-propelled grenades, whose reliability in conditions of high humidity was unsatisfactory. In the course of hostilities, cases of loss of combat readiness of American grenade launchers after falling into the rain were repeatedly recorded. In addition, the effective firing range on moving tanks was insufficient and slightly exceeded 100 meters. Given the rather lengthy and baggy process of loading the Bazooka in the event of a miss or when repelling the attack of several enemy armored vehicles, the enemy often did not provide an opportunity to fire a second shot. Based on the experience of using rocket-propelled grenade launchers in battle, the American command wanted to get a compact anti-tank weapon that would have a longer effective shot range, increased combat rate and not depend on meteorological factors.

At the end of 1944, the 57-mm M18 recoilless gun was adopted as a company anti-tank weapon (in American sources it is referred to as the “M18 recoillessrifle” - the M18 recoilless rifle).


M57 18mm recoilless gun with ammunition

The 57-mm recoilless M18 gun, unlike the 60-mm smooth-bore Bazooka, had a steel rifled barrel with a length of 845 mm. In the rear of the barrel mounted hinged shutter with a nozzle for the exit of powder gases, compensating for recoil when fired. On the barrel there is a pistol grip with a trigger mechanism, a folding bipod (serving as a shoulder rest in the folded position), as well as a 2,8x optical sight bracket.


M57 recoilless gun on a tripod

In the combat position, the 57-mm recoilless M18 gun weighed 20,2 kg. Being flexible enough in application, it allowed shooting from a shoulder. However, the main provision for firing was firing from the ground, focusing on the unfolded bipod or from the tripod machine gun Browning M1917A1. Shooting from the machine provided the greatest accuracy, but the mass increased to 43 kg. The total length of the weapon was 1560 mm.

The unitary shot, weighing about 2,5 kg, contained a charge of smokeless powder weighing 0,45 kg. The cumulative projectile weighed about 1,2 kg. The steel sleeve had 400 round holes in its side walls, through which most of the powder gases burst into the barrel chamber and from it back into the nozzle during firing, thereby compensating for the recoil of the weapon. The propellant charge inside the sleeve is in a bag of waterproof nitrocellulose tissue that burned when fired. The ignition of the propellant charge occurred at the bottom of the sleeve standard shock-igniter capsule. The danger zone of the flame exhaust behind the gun was 15 m. To avoid damage to the eyes by small objects raised by a jet stream from the ground, it was not allowed to stand behind the gun (facing it) at a distance of less than 100 m from its breech.

The M307 cumulative grenade left the barrel at a speed of 370 m / s, which ensured the destruction of point targets at a distance of up to 450 m.The maximum firing range was 4000 m. Regardless of the firing range, the cumulative grenade when hit at right angles ensured the penetration of 75 mm homogeneous armor. In addition to shots with cumulative grenades, the fragmentation, incendiary smoke and shrapnel shells were included in the ammunition. In terms of rate of fire, the 57-mm gun significantly exceeded the 60- and 88,9-mm Bazuki guns; an experimental calculation could make 8 aimed shots per minute.

For the first time, the "recoilless" M18 were used in battle in early 1945. Given the fact that in 1950 in each infantry company of the US Army it was supposed to have three 57-mm recoilless guns, they were very widely used in Korea. However, it soon became clear that the effectiveness against Soviet medium tanks T-34-85 leaves much to be desired. Even in the case of penetration of 45 mm of frontal armor, the damaging effect of the cumulative jet was often insufficient and the tank retained combat effectiveness. However, the M18 guns were actively used by all warring parties until the end of hostilities.

The relatively light “rollback” could be carried over and used by one soldier, for which she was valued by the troops. Whereas the Americans and their allies, given the presence of high-explosive fragmentation, incendiary-smoke and firing rounds in the ammunition, used 57-mm recoilless guns mainly against field fortifications, machine gun nests and manpower, then the North Korean and Chinese infantry used these weapons to combat tanks. Most often, firing positions were chosen on hillsides or along roadsides in such a way that there was the possibility of firing on the side armor of tanks.


In the late 1940s, the Americans handed over a set of technical documentation and field samples of weapons and ammunition to the government of Chiang Kai-shek, waging an armed struggle against the Chinese Communists. After the defeat of the Kuomintang and the formation of China on the mainland of China in 1949, an attempt was made to start mass production of recoilless M18 guns. A number of directories say that the Chinese clones were labeled Type 36, but Chinese sources claim that the mass production of the 57-mm “recoilless” was only possible in 1952, after receiving machine tools and special steel grades from the USSR.


57 mm Recoilless Type 52 Gun

Apparently, before the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, China managed to establish small-scale production of recoilless guns using equipment and materials received from the United States. The mass production of a sample adapted for local conditions, received the designation Type 52, began in 1952.


57-mm recoilless guns of American and Chinese production in the exposition of the Military Museum of the Chinese Revolution

Type-57 52mm recoilless guns made in China had a number of differences from the American prototype. Although the weight and dimensions have not changed much, Chinese experts have created an original light tripod machine weighing 6,8 kg.


Ammunition for the Chinese 57mm recoilless gun

American-made ammunition was suitable for firing from a Chinese weapon, but it was not possible to fire Chinese ammunition from the American "recoilless". Chinese cumulative grenade has the worst performance. Effective range decreased to 300 m, and normal armor penetration is 70 mm. For the 57-mm Type 52 guns, a fragmentation grenade was also created, there were no incendiary smoke and firing shots in the ammunition.


Chinese sources say that with the help of 57-mm recoilless guns during the fighting on the Korean Peninsula, Chinese volunteers managed to destroy more than 60 tanks, armored vehicles and armored personnel carriers. It is unclear whether this refers to captured M18 or to Type 52 guns of their own production, but it can be stated with confidence that the PLA fighters used light “no recoil” in battle quite often.


Since 1963, a significant number of Type 52 have been transferred to North Vietnam, and they have been successfully used against the Americans in the jungle. 57-mm recoilless guns were used for training purposes in the PLA until the early 1970s. In service with the North Korean people's militia, they remained until the 1990s.

In addition to the 57 mm M18, the Americans actively used the 75 mm recoilless M20 guns in Korea, which were considered a battalion anti-tank weapon. The design of the M20 was in many ways reminiscent of the 57 mm M18, but it was the largest and heavier. The mass of the gun in combat position was 72 kg, length - 2080 mm. Unlike the 57 mm gun, the 75 mm M20 gun fired only from the machine.


75 mm M20 recoilless gun

The ammunition contained a wide range of ammunition: a cumulative shell, a fragmentation shell, a smoke shell and a buckshot. An interesting feature of the M20 ammunition was that the shells had ready cuts on the leading belts, which, when loaded, were combined with the cuts of the gun barrel. The weight of the cumulative grenade is 5,7 kg, the initial velocity of the projectile is 310 m / s. The effective range of firing on tanks did not exceed 500 m, the maximum range of fire with a high-explosive fragmentation shell reached 6500 m. Combat rate of fire - up to 5 rounds / min.

At the initial stage of the Korean War, 75-mm recoilless attacks were actively used against North Korean tanks. Although a cumulative grenade containing 400 g of pentolite normally pierced 100 mm armor, these weapons in the American army were not very popular as anti-tank weapons. The reasons for this were: a large unmasking effect when fired; the need for a certain free space behind the gun, which made placement in shelters difficult; low rate of fire; Significant weight, preventing the rapid change of position.


American calculation fires from a 75 mm recoilless M20 gun

After the front line stabilized, the M20 guns were mainly used for firing at firing points and for harassing shelling of enemy positions

As in the case of the 57-mm recoilless gears, already at the end of 1950, the captured Chinese 75 mm M20 guns were at the disposal of Chinese experts. The exact number of American 75-mm recoilless guns captured by Chinese people's volunteers is not known, but, apparently, we can talk about several hundred copies.


75mm recoilless guns on display at the Military Museum of the Chinese Revolution

In 1952, in the PRC, on the basis of the American M20 gun, its own version was created, which was designated Type 52 (not to be confused with the Type 57 recoilless gun 52). Due to the use of lower quality steel, the barrel of the Chinese gun became thicker, which led to an increase in mass. Normal armor penetration was 90 mm. Unlike the American counterpart, in the ammunition, in addition to cumulative, there were only fragmentation grenades.


Comparative dimensions of 57- and 75-mm recoilless guns

75-mm recoilless guns were actively used by the KPA and PLA as anti-tank weapons. Given the relatively low armor penetration in tank hazardous areas, firing positions were chosen in such a way that it was possible to fire on board. According to Chinese sources, the Chinese calculations of recoilless guns managed to immobilize and destroy several dozen M4 Sherman and M26 Pershing tanks. The armored collection of the Military Museum of the Chinese Revolution in Beijing contains the American M26 Pershing tank, supposedly immobilized by a recoilless gun shot, which was subsequently repaired and evacuated to China.


American tank M26 Pershing in the exposition of the Military Museum of the Chinese Revolution

According to official US data, 309 M26 Pershing tanks were sent to Korea. From July 1950 to January 21, 1951, 252 Pershing tanks took part in the fighting, of which 156 tanks were out of order, including 50 tanks that were completely destroyed or captured. From January 21 to October 6, 1951, for technical reasons and from enemy fire, 170 M26 tanks went out, it is not known how many of them were lost forever.


75 mm Recoilless Type 56 Gun

In 1956, the PLA entered service with a 75-mm Type 56 recoilless gun. It differed from Type 52 with a bolt design, sights and a new machine with small wheels. Also in the ammunition was added a new cumulative grenade with armor penetration in the normal to 140 mm.


Ammunition for the Type 75 56mm recoilless gun

However, in view of the fact that the cumulative grenade of increased power was heavier, the effective range for firing at tanks did not exceed 400 m.

The mass of the gun in combat position exceeded 85 kg. Although the rollback was to be served by 4 people, a change of position in combat conditions was not an easy task. In this regard, a few years later, the Type 56-I modification with a lightweight collapsible barrel and a light alloy machine came into service. The weight of the gun in combat position has become almost 20 kg less. In 1967, for the Type 56-II model, a new tripod machine without wheels was developed, due to which the weight of the gun decreased by another 6 kg.

In addition to the use of Type 56 guns, in the ground forces of the PLA, twin 75-mm recoils in the 1960s in China tried to arm patrol ships of project 062 and artillery ships of project 0111.


However, taking into account the presence of a significant danger zone behind the gun and the very dense layout of small warships, preference was given to traditional artillery systems.

Given the fact that in the mid-1960s the cost of Type 56 guns did not exceed $ 200, it, despite the relatively low armor penetration and heavy weight for such a caliber, was popular in the Third World countries. Chinese 75-mm recoillessness was used by the Viet Cong during the fighting in Southeast Asia, and also participated in many local conflicts. In March 1969, recoilless guns were deployed by the PLA during the Sino-Soviet border conflict on Damansky Island.


Monument to Chinese hero Yang Lin

According to the official Chinese version, gunner Yang Lin, a 75-mm recoilless gun, shot down two Soviet BTR-60 armored personnel carriers during the fighting on Zhengbao Island (the Chinese name for Damansky Island). With a close burst of shell, several fingers were torn off and wounded in the arm. After that, he managed to produce an aimed shot and, sacrificing himself, knocked out the T-62 tank. However, the photographs of the damaged tank show that he has a damaged chassis, which is typical for the detonation of anti-tank mines.


Soviet tank T-62, shot down during the fighting for Damansky Island

Subsequently, the Chinese managed to evacuate and restore the Soviet T-62. Currently, this tank is installed next to the American M26 Pershing at the entrance to the armored hall of the Military Museum of the Chinese Revolution.


Trophy Soviet tank T-62 at the Military Museum of the Chinese Revolution

In the PLA, 75-mm Type 56 guns were used until the second half of the 1970s, after which recoilless rifles suitable for further use and ammunition were disposed of by transferring them to friendly African and Asian regimes and Maoist popular liberation movements. A significant amount of 75-mm recoilless guns made in China was delivered to the Afghan dushmans who fought against the Soviet military contingent in the DRA.

Given the fact that the 75-mm recoilless guns were unable to penetrate the frontal armor of the Soviet IS-2 tanks, which were used to a limited extent in Korea, the command of the American army initiated the development of a more powerful anti-tank means of the battalion level. After a series of experiments and failure with the 105-mm recoilless M27 gun in 1953, the 106-mm M40 gun, the actual caliber of which was also 105 mm, came into service. A formal caliber change was made to avoid confusing ammunition labeling with the previous model.


106 mm M40 recoilless gun

Sighting devices were regularly installed on this recoilless gun, allowing firing from closed positions. When firing at visually observable targets, a 12,7 mm sighting automatic rifle was used with tracer bullets that give a bright flash and a cloud of smoke when it hits the target. Ballistics of 12,7 mm bullets corresponded to the trajectory of a 106 mm cumulative projectile. Rotary and lifting mechanisms of the gun are equipped with manual drives. The carriage is equipped with three sliding beds, one of which is equipped with a wheel, and the other two with folding arms.


Models of 106-mm rounds for recoilless guns M40

Like other American recoilless guns, a perforated sleeve with small holes was used here. Part of the gas passed through them and was thrown back through special nozzles in the breech of the barrel, thus creating a reactive moment that extinguishes the recoil force.

For firing at armored vehicles, the M344A1 shaped-charge projectile was used, which weighed 7,96 kg, with armor-piercing normal 400 mm. The projectile left the barrel at a speed of 503 m / s, the maximum range for firing at tanks was 1350 m, effective - 900 m.The firing range for a high-explosive fragmentation shell reached 6800 m.

The length of the M40 gun was 3404 mm, weight - 209 kg. With such weight and dimensions, transportation by calculation forces was only possible over very short distances. In this regard, the recoilless gun M40 was usually installed on various vehicles. Most often these were light off-road vehicles.

The 106-mm American recoil was late for the war in Korea. But it was very widely used by the Americans and their allies during the fighting in Southeast Asia. From there, several samples, which became trophies of the Vietnamese partisans, were delivered to the PRC in 1964. Testing of the 105-mm Chinese recoilless guns began in 1967, in 1975 it was adopted by the PLA under the designation Type 75.

The 105 mm Type 75 gun had a number of differences from the American prototype. In particular, there was no sighting large-caliber rifle on the Chinese recoilless device and simplified sights were used. The mass of the gun was 213 kg, length - 3409 mm.


For firing, shots were used with a cumulative and high-explosive fragmentation grenade. The mass of a unitary shot with a fragmentation grenade is 21,6 kg, with a cumulative - 16,2 kg. The initial velocity of a cumulative grenade is 503 m / s, and a high-explosive fragmentation grenade - 320 m / s. The direct firing range of a cumulative projectile is 580 m. The maximum range of a high-explosive fragmentation projectile is 7400 m. Rate of fire is 5-6 rounds / min. According to Chinese data, a cumulative projectile, when hit at an angle of 65 °, could penetrate 180 mm thick armor.


Beijing BJ2020S light off-road vehicle with 105 mm Type 75 gun

Due to the significant mass, almost all of the 105-mm Type 75 recoilless guns launched in the PRC were installed on Beijing BJ2020S light army off-road vehicles.


If necessary, the gun could be removed from the vehicle and fire from the ground. The calculation of the gun was 4 people. Each vehicle armed with a recoilless gun had space for transporting 8 unitary shots in closures.

In the 1980s, the Chinese infantry battalion was given an anti-tank battery, in which there were 4 SUVs with recoilless vehicles. At the beginning of the 21st century, light jeeps armed with 105-mm Type 75 recoilless guns were driven out of the PLA infantry battalions by anti-tank guided missile systems.

To be continued ...
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Chinese infantry anti-tank weapons
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  1. Free wind
    Free wind April 10 2020 07: 45 New
    +4
    If 105 mm guns can be called recoilless, then previous models are more likely grenade launchers. For Americans, the Bazookas were fired using electric batteries; during storage, they could be discharged. The Germans on their Panzershreks launched using a piezoelectric element. The Nazis gave several Shreks to the Japanese, they stuck a regular capsule from the cartridge into the grenade and fired using the trigger mechanism. Something like this. Tukhachevsky fell in love with recoillessness, if there were still cumulative shells ..... but it would be a hindrance.
    1. Mister X
      Mister X April 10 2020 08: 42 New
      +3
      hi
      Monument credit wink
      The Chinese hero Yang Lin was a success, and the weapon ...
      In the original, he has wheels from Maxim,
      and the sculptor attached wheels to him from a peasant cart laughing
      Yes, and it is mounted on some kind of hinge wassat

      To the author of the article - thanks for the interesting and detailed material!

      1. Mister X
        Mister X April 10 2020 10: 12 New
        +4
        The recoilless M40A1 appeared in the movie Red Scorpion.
        Dolph Lundgren used the M40 during the assault on a Soviet military camp.
        From it, he knocked out a T-34 tank.

      2. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku April 10 2020 10: 43 New
        +7
        The Chinese hero Yang Lin was a success, and the weapon ...

        there is a very interesting book "The Myths of Damansky", the author is Ryabushkin. So that's it. The Chinese for those battles received the title of "heroes" twice as many soldiers than we do .... wassat well, and the exploits of the "sons of the Celestial Empire" in the then Chinese press were described in such a way that Spielberg and Lucas nervously smoke on the sidelines ... fantastic! How they have not yet killed the entire Soviet Army according to stories - it is difficult to say. wassat
        Dear Bongo - my respect! hi drinks
        1. Mister X
          Mister X April 10 2020 11: 01 New
          +4
          hi
          Quote: Pane Kohanku
          in the then Chinese press, it was painted so that Spielberg and Lucas nervously smoke on the sidelines ... fantastic!

          The Chinese and films are shot in the same fabulous style: they walk on water, fly ...

          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku April 10 2020 11: 05 New
            +4
            The Chinese and films are shot in the same fabulous style: they walk on water, fly ...

            culture, sir! unusual to us, but the way it is. request
            1. Mister X
              Mister X April 10 2020 11: 10 New
              +4
              Quote: Pane Kohanku
              culture, sir! unusual to us, but the way it is.

              I agree.
              In addition, the culture of production, industry, discipline.
              Even in the case of a pandemic ...
      3. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga April 10 2020 11: 38 New
        +3
        Quote: Mister X
        Monument credit
        The Chinese hero Yang Lin was a success, and the weapon ...
        In the original, he has wheels from Maxim,
        and the sculptor attached wheels to him from a peasant cart

        And the gun itself resembles a bronze gun of the 18th century. lol
        1. Mister X
          Mister X April 10 2020 11: 47 New
          +3
          Quote: zyablik.olga
          And the gun itself resembles a bronze gun of the 18th century.

          Chinese abstractionism wink
          1. zyablik.olga
            zyablik.olga April 10 2020 11: 49 New
            +5
            Quote: Mister X
            Chinese abstractionism

            A real weapon against the background of Yang Ling's "heroic deed" would not have looked so epic.
            1. Mister X
              Mister X April 10 2020 12: 02 New
              +3
              Quote: zyablik.olga
              A real weapon against the background of Yang Ling's "heroic deed" would not have looked so epic.

              Given the current trends in sculpture - the Chinese monument looks very down to earth
              https://www.1000ideas.ru/article/kreativ/idei-dizayna/samye-neobychnye-pamyatniki-so-vsego-mira-63-primera/
    2. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku April 10 2020 11: 22 New
      +5
      The Nazis gave several Shreks to the Japanese, they stuck a regular capsule from the cartridge into the grenade and fired using the trigger mechanism.

      Alexander, a bit of humor. laughing Taking into account the mentality of geisha and sake fans, I would venture to suggest that the "best Japanese recoilless" looked like this! wink

      Such a thing, mounted on a pole, had to be poked into a passing tank. Naturally, from the one who pokes, little remained. drinks
      True, there were other options for these pieces. I found an interesting article on Japanese "pole mines". hi
      http://army.armor.kiev.ua/engenear/japanmine.shtml
      1. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga April 10 2020 11: 36 New
        +4
        Quote: Pane Kohanku
        Alexander, a little humor. Taking into account the mentality of geisha and sake fans, I would venture to suggest that the "best Japanese recoilless" looked like this!

        Hello! Seryozha already wrote about Japanese recoillessness:
        Anti-tank weapons of the Japanese infantry in World War II
        https://topwar.ru/159322-protivotankovye-sredstva-japonskoj-pehoty-vo-vtoroj-mirovoj-vojne.html
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku April 10 2020 11: 55 New
          +4
          Hello! Seryozha already wrote about Japanese recoillessness:

          Wow! Olga, thanks, did not read that article. love Now I glanced briefly - there are also about mines - "poking points", including, and a photo. good Sergey captivates by the fact that he takes the topic and "digs-digs-digs". yes I bow to him and to you!
    3. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I April 10 2020 16: 06 New
      +4
      Quote: Free Wind
      The Germans on their Panzershreks launched using a piezoelectric element.

      What are the "piezo" ?! negative The Germans installed impulse induction generators (like "magneto" ...) on "jet guns"!
  2. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 April 10 2020 10: 12 New
    +2
    The Chinese, as always, in their repertoire: they copied everything their hands could reach - first, American non-recoil, then Soviet.
    True, for some reason, this Chinese copy of the American M18 machine does not look American at all:

    For some reason, it seems to me that the machine looks more like this product of a gloomy Teutonic genius (only reversed):
    1. Mister X
      Mister X April 10 2020 10: 54 New
      +4
      Quote: Aleksandr72
      For some reason, it seems to me that the machine is more like this product of a gloomy Teutonic genius.

      The Chinese machine is really similar to the MG-Lafette 34 or 42, but it is much simpler.
      In particular, the seat is not provided, height adjustment.



      In fact, they bungled a tub clamshell wink
      In Chinese Wick it is written like this:
      a light machine (6,8 kg) was developed at Plant No. 50, along with a Type 36 recoilless gun.


      If interested - a bunch of pictures of the German machine tool
      https://kopateli.cc/topic/13247-mg-lafette-42-ustroystvo-stanka/
  3. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 10 2020 10: 51 New
    +2
    1. If you believe the Author, then the Chinese 57-mm recoillessness was called "type 36" "a little", but mostly ..- type 52! And 75-mm recoillessness ... also "type 52"! It's strange that the Chinese " endured "such a" disgrace "! This is firstly! Secondly, on the Internet, the name of 57-mm recoilless, as" type 36 "is found very often (!) ... even so ... Chinese 57-mm recoil is often referred to only, as "type 36" ...
    2. It is not clear why it is possible to shoot American ammunition from the Chinese 57-mm recoilless wheels, but from the American M18 with the Chinese one ... I have seen such an explanation: the Chinese "Type 36 (52)" caliber was slightly increased in comparison with the American M18! Namely, because of this, it was possible to shoot American ammunition from the Chinese 57-mm recoilless wheels, and it was impossible to shoot from the American M18s with Chinese ...
    1. Mister X
      Mister X April 10 2020 11: 08 New
      +3
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      the Chinese "Type 36 (52)" caliber was slightly increased in comparison with the American M18!

      This was done on purpose. So that in case of capture, their ammunition does not fit
    2. Bongo
      April 11 2020 12: 03 New
      +2
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      1. If you believe the Author, then the Chinese 57-mm recoillessness was called "type 36" "a little", but mostly ..- type 52! And 75-mm recoillessness ... also "type 52"! It's strange that the Chinese " endured "such a" disgrace "! This is firstly! Secondly, on the Internet, the name of 57-mm recoilless, as" type 36 "is found very often (!) ... even so ... Chinese 57-mm recoil is often referred to only, as "type 36" ...

      Vladimir, I apologize for the late reply, but I was in places where not only the Internet, but also no mobile communications.


      As for the designation of the Chinese 57-mm Type 36 and Type 52 bezel-less, it seems to me that the publication covers in sufficient detail the history of their appearance. In Chinese sources, the 57 mm Type 36 and Type 52 are described in sufficient detail. For example, you can look here:
      https://www.zhihu.com/question/42116376
  4. Aviator_
    Aviator_ April 10 2020 15: 01 New
    +4
    With a close burst of a shell, several fingers were torn off and wounded in the arm. After that, he managed to produce an aimed shot and, sacrificing himself, knocked out the T-62 tank.

    It is very reminiscent of combat episodes from the history of the 91st regiment, which the scribe Vanek wrote in the immortal "Adventures of the Good Soldier Švejk".
    And about this tank, the following story. During the first conflict (March 2), the Chinese were knocked out of the island in Damansky after Sergeant Bubenin on the BTR-60 bypassed the island from the Chinese side and well crushed the Chinese from the rear. At the second clash of March 15, Colonel Leonov also led 4 tanks to the rear of the Chinese, but the duct was already mined, the tank was hit. A shot of his combat damage confirms a mine explosion.
    1. Mister X
      Mister X April 10 2020 16: 09 New
      +4
      Quote: Aviator_
      Sergeant Bubenin on the BTR-60 bypassed the island from the Chinese side and well crushed the Chinese from the rear.

      hi Let me complete
      In that battle, Senior Lieutenant Vitaly Bubenin was wounded three times.
      Two armored personnel carriers, in which he went into battle at different times, were fired upon and seriously damaged.
      He was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the awarding of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.
      Vitaly Bubenin is the first commander of the Alpha special forces.
      Member of the war in Afghanistan.
      He resigned as Major General (1997).

      The dying shot of Private Nikolai Petrov, taken a few seconds before his death.
      The beginning of the conflict: a group of armed Chinese are approaching.
      Border guards of lieutenant Ivan Strelnikov are sent towards them.
      Photo: RIA Novosti
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ April 10 2020 16: 57 New
        +2
        I remember this snapshot from a 1969 newspaper publication. Of course, Bubenin is a senior lieutenant, the head of the neighboring outpost of Sopka Kulebyakina. I confused his rank with the rank of Sergeant Babansky, whom Bubenin saved by his raid.
        1. Mister X
          Mister X April 10 2020 17: 35 New
          +3
          Quote: Aviator_
          I confused his rank with the rank of Sergeant Babansky

          Surnames are consonant, it is not surprising that they mixed up.
          He was also awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Golden Star medal
          He also fought in Afghanistan.
          In 1991 took the oath of Ukraine
          Deputy commander of the border troops of Ukraine (1991-1995).
          Lieutenant General (1993).

          Junior Sergeant Yuri Babansky. Photo: Grigory Bibik / RIA Novosti

          Photo Bubenin could not be found. He is now 80 years old.
        2. Mister X
          Mister X April 26 2020 14: 53 New
          +1
          Quote: Aviator_
          I confused his rank with the rank of Sergeant Babansky

          hi
          Found a photo of Yu. Babansky in adulthood

          And this is a documentary about the events on about. Damansky.
        3. Mister X
          Mister X April 26 2020 15: 25 New
          +1
          And a photo of Vitaly Bubenin was discovered)
  5. Vadim237
    Vadim237 April 10 2020 17: 20 New
    0
    As China copied and created hybrids of foreign weapons, it continues in the same vein now.
    1. Mister X
      Mister X April 10 2020 17: 45 New
      +2
      Quote: Vadim237
      As China copied and created hybrids of foreign weapons, it continues in the same vein now.

      "Chinese Xerox" has grown out of short pants for a long time.
      Don't you think so?
  6. WERSTA.
    WERSTA. April 14 2020 06: 36 New
    0
    At one time, during my service in the Airborne Forces, the guys serving these BWOs characterized them with the phrase: Death to the enemy — we’ve calculated. Fun guys were!