Military Review

"Husky 10". New Russian hovercraft

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"Husky 10". New Russian hovercraft

Husky 10, render


In Rybinsk, the local enterprise Rybinsk Shipyard, which has been part of the Kalashnikov group of companies since 2015, is working on a project for a new hovercraft called Haska 10. The new multifunctional vessel, designed for civilian and military use, was developed jointly with the engineers of the Vympel shipyard, which is also located in Rybinsk. The process of building the first Haska 10 hovercraft (SVP) has already begun.

What is known about the Haska 10 project


March 16, 2020 Dmitry Tarasov, who is the general director of the Kalashnikov group of companies, paid a working visit to the city of Rybinsk in the Yaroslavl Region. Here is the top manager armory the corporation was visited by the Rybinsk Shipyard; it was at this enterprise that a new ship was created under the name Haska 10. The presentation of the new vessel to the general public is planned at the end of August 2020 as part of the work of the Army 2020 international military-technical forum.

In Rybinsk, Dmitry Tarasov met with the managing director of the Vympel shipyard Vadim Sobko and the general director of the Rybinsk shipyard enterprise Sergey Antonov, both companies are now part of the Kalashnikov group of companies. During the meeting, the parties agreed on cooperation in the construction of a new hovercraft. As noted on the official website of the Kalashnikov group of companies, the Vympel Shipyard has already delivered material intended for the production of the central part of the new ship; the ship’s construction work was scheduled to begin before the end of March this year.

According to Sobko, a part of the new SVP hull will be manufactured at the Vympel shipyard, for this the company has trained personnel and all the necessary production capacities. At the same time, work will be carried out jointly with the Rybinsk Shipyard in the framework of establishing cooperation of the local shipbuilding cluster. The joint work of the two enterprises will help accelerate the construction of a multifunctional skeg type hovercraft with flexible skegs (SVPSG) Haska 10 with a maximum payload capacity of 10 tons.


Rybinsk Shipyard

Work on the new vessel is being carried out as part of the state program "Development of shipbuilding and technology for the development of offshore fields for 2013-2030." It is known that the design and development department of the Rybinsk Shipyard enterprise began implementing the Haska 10 project in January 2018, at which time the first renderings of the future ship appeared on the network. The project is positioned as an economical universal transport vessel for military and civilian use. Obviously, the demand for the SVPSG may not only be on the civilian market, but also on the part of Russian law enforcement agencies.

According to the materials already published, it is clear that the ship will be able to take up to ten tons of various cargo on board and will easily accommodate the KamAZ three-axle truck. The design length of Husky 10 is 20,8 meters, width - 12,5 meters, height - 7,4 meters. Full displacement - 35,7 tons, empty - 20 tons. It is assumed that they will equip the hovercraft with two Russian engines developing a maximum power of 800 hp. every. Such a power plant will be enough to provide the ship with a maximum speed of 40 knots (approximately 73 km / h). The crew of the ship will be three people, declared autonomy - 3 days. Cruising range - 400 miles (740 km).

The main feature of the project being implemented in Rybinsk is flexible skegs. Most often, skeg vessels are hovercraft, in which the hull does not completely detach from the surface of the water, and the side fences (skegs) themselves go into the water. To give the whole structure more stability, such fences are most often made rigid. However, the Haska 10 project implemented another technical solution - flexible skegs. Designers believe that this will improve the technical characteristics of the vessel. Such a solution should increase the seaworthiness and maneuverability of the vessel by eliminating spasmodic overcoming of the incident wave or various obstacles.

The general director of the Kalashnikov group of companies Dmitry Tarasov has already called the Haska 10 vessel the most promising product of the corporation for future exports. It is reported that the hovercraft has already managed to interest the partners of the concern from Vietnam, India and Kazakhstan. Promising for the HPSK “Haska 10” is also considered the domestic Russian market. It is planned that the vessels of this project will be in demand in the transport system of remote Russian regions, primarily in the regions of the Arctic, Siberia, and the Far East. Also, ships can be effectively used in the Baltic and on the rivers of the Volga-Kama region.


Husky 10

Prospects for the hovercraft market in Russia


Considering the size of the territory of the Russian Federation and the presence of huge remote areas, including those with difficult terrain for conventional vehicles, the development and construction of hovercraft seems justified. However, experts are not sure that civilian versions of hovercraft will have private buyers. Most likely, these will be large state-owned companies or departments.

In 2016, the Hovernetik company, which intends to organize in St. Petersburg the production of SVPs intended primarily for the private consumer, estimated the entire market of Russian amphibious funds for the next decade at 45 billion rubles. At the same time, according to company estimates, in the country there were approximately three thousand hovercraft.

The use of such vessels in Russia is justified, especially to improve the transport accessibility of the regions of Siberia, the Far East and the Arctic zone. Such vessels can be actively used on rivers for the rapid transport of people and goods, as well as in the coastal strip. Vessels can deliver new construction and drilling equipment, construction materials, wheeled and tracked vehicles within the framework of the available load capacity. This fits well with the ongoing state program “Development of shipbuilding and equipment for the development of offshore fields for 2013-2030”. It just so happened that the main wealth of the country, which is represented by natural resources, is concentrated today in inaccessible regions, where there is practically no transport infrastructure, and rivers are replaced by highways. At the same time, hovercraft can be used to deliver goods to remote locations and for passenger traffic.


Husky 10

True, the future of the HKSK 10 Haska 10 lies precisely in the plane of government procurement. Most likely, only large state-owned companies, primarily those involved in oil and gas production, will be able to afford such vessels with a carrying capacity of up to 15 tons. It is also possible to purchase them for some departments, for example, the Ministry of Emergencies. At the same time, it is still difficult to believe that non-state companies will be interested in such a proposal. In Russia, private customers of hovercraft, primarily small boats capable of transporting up to a ton of cargo, account for only XNUMX percent of sales. It is no coincidence that many experts believe that in addition to state-owned companies, the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Emergencies will remain the main customers of such equipment in Russia for many years to come.

"Haska 10" may well be interested in the Russian Ministry of Defense


In any case, the demand for such equipment in the near future will be determined by the development of the Far North, the coast and shelf of the Russian Arctic. This is directly related to the industrial development program for the inaccessible northern and eastern regions of Russia, in which huge natural resources and the largest deposits of natural resources are concentrated, all this must be protected. Therefore, in these areas the military presence of Russia is growing and the number of military bases, airfields, border outposts, radar stations and air defense systems, which also need to be equipped with everything necessary from the mainland, is increasing.

Already, it can be assumed that the Haska 10 will become one of the customers of the skeg type hovercraft with flexible skegs (SVPSG) of the Russian Ministry of Defense. Outwardly, the new Russian development resembles a smaller version of the American LCAC hovercraft. Such boats are actively used by amphibious forces of the United States for the transport of marine corps, various equipment, military equipment and military cargo from aboard landing ships to shore. Also, the vessel can be effectively used for humanitarian operations. LCAC's American hovercraft landing boats are heavily used by UDCs.


American hovercraft LCAC

It is quite possible that the Haska 10 will also become a similar vessel for future projects of domestic universal landing ships, if there is money left in the Russian budget for their design and construction. True, the capabilities of the Husky 10 will be limited, the ship will only be suitable for transporting armored vehicles (such as the Tiger), unarmored wheeled vehicles, guns, mortars, marines, various military equipment and equipment, which in itself is not so small.
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  1. Graz
    Graz April 3 2020 05: 31 New
    +5
    for military purposes, 10 tons of cargo is not enough, although of course it will find its niche and army (navy)
    1. siberalt
      siberalt April 3 2020 06: 28 New
      +3
      A good thing for transporting schoolchildren to "optimized schools" across rivers where there are no bridges.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov April 3 2020 08: 23 New
        15
        Quote: siberalt
        A good thing for transporting schoolchildren to "optimized schools" across rivers where there are no bridges.

        Helicopter cheaper laughing laughing laughing
        Read about British VP Ferries at your leisure. Only the duty-free trade in alcohol saved them from bankruptcy. I don’t think that giving schoolchildren a good idea laughing
        They are already here on the site too often appear and write all sorts of game laughing
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA April 3 2020 13: 28 New
          11
          Quote: Spade
          Read about British VP Ferries at your leisure. Only the duty-free trade in alcohol saved them from bankruptcy. I don’t think that giving schoolchildren a good idea

          The more a Komsomol member drinks, the less a bully will drink! © smile
        2. KVIRTU
          KVIRTU 17 June 2020 21: 44 New
          0
          It is clear who may need it. In the KAMAZ pictures of the National Guard, two Gazelles-Avtozak are also visible. Here, a colleague recalled how a geologist in Taimyr offered the Chukchi a political joke to listen, he refused, they say they would send him somewhere else :)
    2. tatarin1972
      tatarin1972 April 3 2020 06: 29 New
      +2
      In the near future, we do not have a BDK with dock cameras, or rather, there is a BDK of project 1174, but it is not on track.
    3. YOUR
      YOUR April 3 2020 08: 47 New
      +2
      Like a landing ship nothing. What is 10 tons, the armored personnel carrier can not be transported. But maybe it will do for something.
      But again, another project.
    4. Bar1
      Bar1 April 3 2020 10: 00 New
      0
      some names are not ours. For example, the fact that the fifth-generation submarine was called the Husky is not as it was given by the designers or even in the Moscow Region, but some journalists wanted it so much, apparently here too.
    5. Saxahorse
      Saxahorse April 3 2020 21: 30 New
      +3
      Quote: Graz
      for military purposes, 10 tons of cargo is not enough, although of course it will find its niche and army (navy)

      Absolutely right! The ferry should at least carry a BMP, i.e. 20 tons minimum is needed, and even the oil workers in the north have no miniature technique. Do not UAZ they drag along the tundra? And some serious excavator / bulldozer is also unlikely to fit into 10 tons.

      In general, you can immediately see that the size was not guessed! Again, there is no suitable engine and they are trying to blind "from what was .." negative
  2. Brylevsky
    Brylevsky April 3 2020 06: 10 New
    +2
    Strikingly reminiscent of an American ship in comparison with the Soviet "Jeyran", "Squid" and others. Although they completely coped with their tasks ...
  3. old_pferd
    old_pferd April 3 2020 06: 35 New
    +1
    Do I understand correctly that the skeg type is not applicable during ice freezing and ice drift?
    1. Grigory_45
      Grigory_45 April 4 2020 11: 16 New
      0
      Quote: old_pferd
      Do I understand correctly that the skeg type is not applicable during ice freezing and ice drift?

      Skep-type SVPs are not amphibious
  4. svp67
    svp67 April 3 2020 07: 20 New
    +5
    In the current conditions it is hard to expect that private companies will be very interested in this KVP, the hour of operation of this "flying boat" is too expensive.
  5. Free wind
    Free wind April 3 2020 07: 58 New
    +1
    It is interesting how the representatives of one company agreed among themselves, this is one company. they told you to do it. And the author doesn’t confuse the pillow for sure, it was always always flexible, otherwise the meaning is in it. Well, again for the development of oil and gas, and at the expense of the state.
    1. Grigory_45
      Grigory_45 April 4 2020 11: 21 New
      0
      Quote: Free Wind
      And the author doesn’t confuse the pillow, it’s always been flexible, otherwise the point is

      in SVP skeg type skegs are usually stiff. Like a Samum-type missile system

      Does it make sense to soften them if they are immersed in water and stiffness is required to maintain their shape?
  6. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 3 2020 08: 12 New
    +8
    Well, what is the "difference" between SVPs with "soft" skegs compared to SVPs with hard skegs? By and large, hovercraft (hovercraft) are "divided" into 2 groups: amphibious hovercraft and skeg-type hovercraft ... Amphibious type vessels (with flexible skirts ...) can "crawl out" from sea ​​to shore ... and back! But, due to the design features, power plants require more power per "ton of carrying capacity"! Skeg type hovercraft (with rigid skegs ...) do not possess "amphibiousness" (!) ... they do not "crawl out" ashore! But they can use engines of lower power! But what kind of "shackle" SVPs with "soft" skegs have, I still do not understand! "Amphibious"? ... request
    1. Romario_Argo
      Romario_Argo April 3 2020 10: 37 New
      -1
      I agree, but with a reservation.
      Skeg-type SVPs crawl ashore with increasing compressor power
      "skegoviks" for movement use the "exhaust" of the most dynamic cushion
      - not pushing screws
      also have greater body survivability compared to "soft" SVP
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I April 3 2020 13: 19 New
        +5
        Quote: Romario_Argo
        "skegoviks" for movement use the "exhaust" of the most dynamic cushion
        - not pushing screws
        also have greater body survivability compared to "soft" SVP

        I cannot agree with all of your conclusions, as they do not always agree with my "memories" of the SVP! I confess that the SVP was interested in a very long time and I may not know the "latest achievements"! As for the "exhaust" ... I didn't know and I don't know! And I don't understand what the effectiveness of such a "mover" is ... there are also doubts about its practicality! Maybe someone "allowed" it in their project? I know that skeg hovercraft use submersible propellers, just like hydrofoils! Can they use propellers? Perhaps ... but the question of their sufficient effectiveness! Now about skegs ... you can make skegs so strong that it will allow a skeg vessel to "crawl" to the shore with a short increase in the power of the power plant! But such skegs also have a "minus" ... larger dimensions, and, therefore, greater resistance in water ... and greater fuel consumption! Plus ... submersible propellers (!) ... what to do with them (?) And how to move out of the water ?! To reduce the resistance of the skegs in water, it is necessary to reduce the size, make it less durable ... and lose the ability to "crawl" ashore!
        Also, the statement about the greater survivability of the hulls of skeg hovercraft is doubtful ... in case of damage to the skeg, the conditions of movement of such hovercraft in the water change ... At the same time, partial damage to the "skirt" of the amphibious hovercraft allows the ship to play its role ... In general, to create an air cushion, a skeg hovercraft requires less power ... skeg hovercraft tend to have a larger displacement! SVP amphibious type - vice versa ...
        1. Romario_Argo
          Romario_Argo April 4 2020 11: 03 New
          +2
          here are some projects from the USSR



          one of them is implemented, 2 ships serve on the Black Sea Fleet - and these are skeg SVPs
          by the way, only hovercraft have a speed of 5 knots
        2. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr April 5 2020 19: 22 New
          +1
          Quote: Nikolaevich I
          I know that skeg SVPs use submersible propellers, like hydrofoils!
          For propulsion and without an air cushion, different propulsors are used. Those that are hovercraft are liftable.


          Engines "Bora", "Samum"
          2 GTU M10-1 36 000 l. with. (on tandem screws, in lowered columns), two M-511A diesel engines of 20 liters. with. (for 000 screws)
          Power ........................ 2 × 36 000 liters. with. and 2 × 20 000 liters. with.
          Mover ........................ 2
          Speed ​​........................ 55 knots (101,9 km / h)
          Cruising range ........................ full: 800 miles (45 knots), economic: 2500 miles (12 knots)
          Crew ........................ 68
          1. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I April 6 2020 00: 28 New
            +1
            Ash-tree stump, that different engines are used on the hovercraft! Some are for "forward" movement ... others are for creating an "air cushion"!
            1. Bad_gr
              Bad_gr April 6 2020 02: 27 New
              +1
              Quote: Nikolaevich I
              Ash-tree stump, that different engines are used on SVP!

              I did not want to pay attention to this, but to two types of movers:
              4 screws on 2 lowered columns + 2 screws for normal operation, when the ship moves like an ordinary catamaran, then, as I understand it, the columns are raised.
      2. Grigory_45
        Grigory_45 April 4 2020 11: 26 New
        +1
        Quote: Romario_Argo
        Skep-type SVP crawl ashore

        never heard of this)
        Quote: Romario_Argo
        Skeg-type SVPs crawl ashore with increasing compressor power

        Suppose that this is theoretically possible, but in this case, the compressor power is needed much more than for SVP with a flexible skirt. Meaning???
        Quote: Romario_Argo
        "skegoviks" for movement use the "exhaust" of the most dynamic cushion
        - not pushing screws

        as far as it is known, it is the propellers — ordinary submersible or air.
      3. Petrol cutter
        Petrol cutter April 6 2020 19: 38 New
        +1
        Hello, we arrived ... Skegovye KVP - were never amphibious.
        The amphibian is provided only by flexible fencing. In the people, "skirt."
        Further, the amphibian does not give the exhaust, but the superchargers.
        The Zubr DKVP has four supercharging propellers. Two per board. To tear it off the surface. For this, a bunch of gas turbines are working, very cheerfully eating kerosene.
        The whole pontoon, consider a solid gas tank.
    2. candidate
      candidate April 3 2020 19: 22 New
      +1
      If by "flexible stitches" we mean hybrid amphibious and purely skeg technologyth, then the project can be positioned as an economical universal transport ship. An amphibious regime when approaching the coast, and purely skeg mode in high water.
      1. candidate
        candidate April 3 2020 19: 37 New
        +2
        Correction: .. "flexible skegs" ...
      2. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I April 4 2020 04: 50 New
        +1
        Quote: candidate
        If by “flexible stegs” we mean a hybrid of amphibious and purely skeg technology,

        Maybe....
  7. fa2998
    fa2998 April 3 2020 08: 30 New
    +1
    Quote: Graz
    for military purposes, 10 tons of cargo is not enough, although of course it will find its niche and army (navy)

    There is not only carrying capacity, there is a minimum range of travel. Only for spectacular landing a hundred miles from the base. For such ships we need carrier ships, which we are not building. hi
    1. SVD68
      SVD68 April 3 2020 08: 49 New
      +1
      Well, like, they’re going to build 2 in Feodosia.
      1. donavi49
        donavi49 April 3 2020 09: 17 New
        +3
        Well, let's calculate:
        Project length Husky 10 is 20,8 meters, width - 12,5 meters height - 7,4 meters

        typical docking chamber of the western type under LCAC - 26.4 /14.3True, he is 60 + t lucky.

        Chamois Size - 25,8/5,8. She carries different things.



        Moreover, in place of one Husky-10 - two Chamois intermeddle. Given the fact that the dock is small, it is necessary to group the most effective landing means.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov April 3 2020 11: 57 New
          +2
          Quote: donavi49
          The size of the Chamois is 25,8 / 5,8. She carries different things.


          By the way, not 10, but 18 tons of "payload"
  8. fa2998
    fa2998 April 3 2020 08: 55 New
    0
    Quote: SVD68
    Well, like, they’re going to build 2 in Feodosia.

    We have a champion country in assembling models for exhibitions. If "they seem to be going", we'll see for 10-15 years. hi
  9. AAK
    AAK April 3 2020 10: 16 New
    +2
    The Armed Forces, primarily the Navy, do not need a DCVP that is not able to transport at least 1 main battle tank, i.e. its carrying capacity must be at least 55-60t. It is also not profitable to use this "Huska" as a supply vessel in remote areas, because the radius of travel (taking into account the warming up of the engines, returning back to the RPM and the emergency supply of fuel) will not exceed 250-280 km, and the transported volume of cargo will only be enough for 1-2 objects
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA April 3 2020 13: 51 New
      +3
      Quote: AAK
      The armed forces, primarily the fleet, do not need the DKVP, which is not able to transport at least 1 main battle tank, i.e. its carrying capacity should not be lower than 55-60t.

      Come on, MBT - let at least the BMP and the equipment on its base be delivered to the shore. And then with such boats, the first echelon, it turns out, should land "naked and barefoot": the equipment does not fit into the DKAVP, and the BMP and armored personnel carriers from the DVKD reach the coast in a few hours on their own.
      Or armor and self-propelled infantry support will again have to be transported by ship to the very shore, to the delight of the calculations of the "small" fire weapons of the enemy's coastal defense. That completely kills the whole point of the presence of the DKAVP - the landing of troops by small high-speed landing gear from large ships maneuvering outside the zone of fire of the majority fire weapons of enemy coastal defense.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov April 3 2020 15: 10 New
        +1
        Quote: Alexey RA
        and under their own power BMP and armored personnel carriers from the DVKD add up to the shore a few hours later.

        But still faster. If you take, for example, a battalion on BMP / BTR
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA April 3 2020 17: 34 New
          +1
          Quote: Spade
          But still faster. If you take, for example, a battalion on BMP / BTR

          If you take the minimum distance from the DVKD to the landing zone of 25 kilometers, then the vehicle will sail for three hours under its own power. These three hours of infantry without armor on the shore will need not only to survive, but also to seize a bridgehead for the landing of equipment, or at least finish off the remaining VET.
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov April 3 2020 22: 16 New
            +1
            Quote: Alexey RA
            If you take the minimum distance from the DVKD to the landing zone of 25 kilometers, then the vehicle will sail for three hours under its own power.

            But it will sail at once.
            And when transported by boats and others, they will knock one out.
            Such a method simply contradicts the principle of massing forces and means.

            From which the conclusion follows, you still cannot do without normal seafaring BMPs And all these boats cannot be a substitute for the ability to sail normally.
        2. tatarin1972
          tatarin1972 April 3 2020 23: 57 New
          +1
          Marine battalions of infantry, in all formations are equipped with armored personnel carriers. Where are you going to land "over the horizon"? On two "Zubr" ah DKBF and on two "Kalmar" ah of the Caspian Flotilla?
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov April 4 2020 08: 59 New
            0
            Quote: tatarin1972
            Where are you going to land "over the horizon"?

            On nothing.
            We do not have such funds. At least for now.
            1. tatarin1972
              tatarin1972 April 4 2020 09: 22 New
              +1
              So I say constantly that we do not have naval landing forces and means. At the Pacific Fleet, Northern Fleet, BF BDK to the battalion with reinforcement, each. At the Black Sea Fleet for two battalions. Lifting means for two battalions, if reduced from all fleets.
  10. gridasov
    gridasov April 3 2020 11: 41 New
    0
    The lack of effective propulsion forces to produce inefficient equipment
  11. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA April 3 2020 13: 35 New
    +4
    According to the materials already published, it is clear that the ship will be able to take up to ten tons of various cargo on board and easily accommodate the KamAZ three-axle truck.

    The triaxial KAMAZ has a gross weight of 15 tons with a load capacity of 6 tons. What are they - really going, having a cargo area of ​​15x9 m, carry one on it empty KAMAZ? belay
  12. timokhin-aa
    timokhin-aa April 4 2020 09: 29 New
    0
    Strange news. Why 10 tons? And the rendering is strange - through passage for the DKVP is vital if we are going to load on ships, but we need at least an awning - it’s cold with us, the equipment will ice up on such a vessel, it’s not a displacement boat.
    1. Petrol cutter
      Petrol cutter April 5 2020 21: 54 New
      +1
      Because,. What a crazy next idea!
      But in the photo. It looks more than powerful!
  13. Grigory_45
    Grigory_45 April 4 2020 10: 01 New
    +2
    In Rybinsk, at the local enterprise Rybinsk Shipyard, which has been part of the Kalashnikov group of companies since 2015, work is underway on a project for a new hovercraft called Haska 10
    smaller analogue of American LCAC


  14. radiootdel4
    radiootdel4 April 4 2020 12: 01 New
    0
    it will not be enough
  15. illuminat
    illuminat April 4 2020 21: 42 New
    +1
    Husky 10
    There is no such word "husky". It's like saying "I have a collie dog and a buggy car."
    Sorry for the directness, but this is the bottom. Onolitegi throughout holaktega.
  16. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter April 5 2020 20: 24 New
    +1
    If what is in the picture is LCAC.
    I do not recommend.
    Why did our people become so tight ?!
    Project 12322 "Zubr"
    Much more useful and seaworthy, plus consumer goods on board takes significantly more.
    And carries goods inside, but not outside. Its load-bearing deck is unbearable. And with extraordinary speed! ..
  17. Gennady Fedorovich
    Gennady Fedorovich April 22 2020 09: 15 New
    0
    For MP developments, there are no both in military equipment and in landing ships, there is no normal equipment for emergency rescue operations during the landing from transports or UDC, landing ships must take at least a full platoon with weapons and equipment, a marine corps only with amplification, the Marine Corps only with amplification, but they make one armored personnel carrier, and this product will not deliver it ????
  18. gridasov
    gridasov 7 May 2020 19: 05 New
    0
    Whatever the new discussion, about helicopters, airplanes, hovercraft, heavy missiles, everything rests on propulsion systems. Therefore, this fundamental issue will not be resolved, nothing new will be created in the real sense of this process. Therefore, frankly, without our decision there will not be any movement forward.