The oldest active ship of the Russian Navy

29
How many years do ships live? The exact answer to this question is most likely not to be found in marine textbooks. Then you can try to find the oldest operating ship on navy.
The Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation, which is based in Sevastopol, is home to the oldest ship of the Russian Navy — the rescue catamaran ship Kommuna, which has been in service for 99 years.



1. Rescue ship-catamaran "Commune" - the oldest ship of the Black Sea Fleet of Russia. 12 November 2012 will mark the 100 anniversary of the year from the day the ship was laid down.



2. The project is the first in the domestic stories A specialized two-hull submarine rescue ship was developed in 1911 year by order of the Marine General Staff. As a prototype used the German catamaran-rescuer "Vulkan". The original name of the court was “Volkhov”, and the name “Commune” was obtained in 1922 year.



3. "Commune" has a displacement of 3100 tons, its length - 81 m, width - 13,2 m, draft - 3,7 m.
Full speed is 8,5 knots, and cruising range is 4000 miles.
No weapons. Specialist. equipment: shipboard lifting equipment - left hull for 80 tons, right hull - for 30 tons. Crew: 23 people.
It is worth noting that the ship hull is made of Putilov steel and is, of course, not in perfect condition, but in quite working condition. The vessel is constantly undergoing maintenance, because he, of course, even by human standards, is not even pre-retirement, but a deeply retired age.

The oldest active ship of the Russian Navy


4. We climb the ladder to the "Commune" to get acquainted with the veteran closer.



5. Plate with a brief history of the ship ..



6. In the mess room there is another sign. She minted in the year of the launch of the vessel - in 1915 year.
It is interesting that (and this is noticeable on the plate) the emblem of the Putilov factory was changed much later.



7. “Commune” is a catamaran-type vessel, between its sides a mobile platform moves with a descent vehicle.
It is powered by four cable drives located in pairs on the sides of the vessel in the front and rear parts.



8. View of the platform from the top farm



9. Huge drums with cables allow you to immerse the descent vehicle to a depth of 1 kilometer



10. Cables for drives of a descent module underwater vehicle



11. The main object of the “Commune” is a working remote-controlled uninhabited underwater vehicle RTNPA. Allows you to work at depths up to 1 km (limited by cable length). Designed for searching and detecting underwater objects using sonars, lifting loads up to 150 kg, cutting cables, etc.



12. The RTNPA is equipped with 4 video cameras, as well as a pair of manipulators. Manipulators are interchangeable, intended for various purposes - the seizure of an object, the installation of a radio beacon, the seizure of a cable, snacking or cutting.
The device is equipped with 10 engines, allowing for exceptional maneuverability.



13. Manipulator with a cutting disc, which allows cutting of metal and cables at depths up to 1 km



14. In the yellow capsules are all electronic systems. When immersed from there all air is forcibly exhausted. This ensures complete sealing of the capsules by compressing water.



15. Control bridge descending underwater vehicle. Equipment and equipment produced in Norway



16. The bridge of the ship.



17. The steering wheel and some elements have been saved from the date of the launch of the ship - from 1915



18.



19.



20. The ship Kommuna is based in Streletskaya Bay of Sevastopol on the rented berths of the Naval Forces of Ukraine. Here the warships of Russia and Ukraine stand aboard



21. Spotlight on the upper bridge



22. The topmost cabin is located at an altitude of more than 20 meters above sea level.



23. Spare screws



24. Anchor chain length gauges



25. The chain goes into the sea ...



26. Engine room. Two six-cylinder diesel engines of the Riga Felzer plant with an 600 horsepower hp were originally installed on the Kommun as the main engines. (310 rpm). Subsequently, they were replaced with diesel engines with similar characteristics of the Kolomna plant.



27. Emergency sound alarm system in case of emergency



28.



29. There is here and…



30. Galley nameplate



31. Soon the team has lunch



32. Piano in the officers' cabin. It was installed during the construction of the vessel. Currently, it is not possible to remove it due to the difference in dimensions and door openings.



33. Course pointer



34. In some places on the "Commune" there are still pre-revolutionary signs.



35. Voltmeters



36. Storm trap



37. On the Day of the Fleet of the Russian Federation, which will be celebrated on July 29 2012, the vessel will carry out the task of the ship-escort Neptune. In this regard, the team paints the lifeboats for the parade in honor of the holiday



38. For the first time, the rescue ship was used for its intended purpose in the summer of 1917, when the AH-15 submarine sank with the open hatch in the Aland skerries during the training dive. Despite the fact that the rescue was hampered by a strong storm, 16 (29) of June at 00 hours of 50 minutes with Volkhov’s wigs was lifted. The crew of the “rescuer” crew repaired the boat within a month, and it was again put into operation. September 24 (October 7) 1917, the rescue ship Volkhov, from the depth of the 13,5 meter was successfully lifted by the submarine Unicorn from the depth of the XNUMX meter



39. From 15 May to 13 September 1928, the “Commune” performs work on raising the sunk 4 June 1919 of the year in the Koporsky Gulf of the Gulf of Finland of the English submarine L-55. The boat was lifted to the surface from the depth of the 62 meter using the step method 21 July 1928. Once again, everyday work: raising the sunken boat of the maritime security and the tugboat KP-7, ensuring the testing of new submarines and the repair of the BF ships. The Kommuna raised submarines Bolshevik, M-90, a torpedo boat and an aircraft that crashed from the depths ...



40. With the outbreak of World War II, the rescue vessel Kommuna is based in Leningrad. Since March 1942, 32 divers of the Commune have been working on the Ladoga Life Road. Part of the crew participated in landing operations on the Neva (and this at 40% of the shortage). During this time, the sailors of the Commune raised four from the bottom tank HF, two tractors and 31 cars. Kommunars prepared 159 light divers for the fleet, repaired six M-type submarines. Despite the difficult situation at the front, rescuers lifted the sunken from the water: PL Shch-411, tugboat Austra, schooners Trud, Aquarius-2, The OVR TsO Pravda floating base was repelled by two “pikes” and several “small hunters” ...



41. In 1944, the Kommuna lifted 14 of sunken objects with a total displacement of 11 767 tons, assisted 34 in emergency ships and vessels. The entire crew of the vessel was awarded the medals "For the Defense of Leningrad."
Only in 1954 the veteran ship was able to undergo a major overhaul, during which the main diesel engines were replaced with Dutch-made engines. At the end of November 1956, the catamaran again took up combat duty: from the depth of 45 meters the submarine M-200 was rammed by the destroyer. In October, the submarine M-1957 was lifted from the depth of the 73 meter from the depth of the 256; in August of the 1959, the torpedo boat sank at the depth of the 22 meter. In total, for its service, Kommuna assisted more than a hundred ships and submarines.



42. In 1967, the veteran ship successfully completed an inter-base crossing from the Baltic to the Black Sea, safely arriving in Sevastopol, circling around Europe. In Sevastopol, at the Sevmorzavod, Kommuna was converted into a carrier vessel of deep-water apparatuses. The conversion project was completed by the end of 1969 of the year in the Sevastopol Central Design Bureau "Chernomorets". By the time of completion of work at the SMZ (27 on April 1973), the cost of refitting the vessel was about 11 million rubles

At the moment, the rescue ship "Commune" has passed dock repair, and, despite its age, is actively involved in various activities of the fleet's emergency and rescue service with outlets at sea.
    Our news channels

    Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

    29 comments
    Information
    Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
    1. cobra66
      +9
      July 29 2012
      A good ship, but to conduct a full examination of the ship for suitability for use, so that nothing would happen to him
      1. +13
        July 29 2012
        but do not miss the moment and make a museum, after the construction of the changer naturally))
        1. Russian-
          +11
          July 29 2012
          That ship can live 1000 years - and maybe in 10 years it will rust through.
          The thing is how to care for him, how to operate and repair it.
          I strongly doubt that in the 90s and early 2000s someone was concerned about this ship.
          Aircraft carriers, 3 Nuclear Icebreakers sold, how many nuclear submarines were cut - what can I say.
          Glory to GOD - that those times have passed irrevocably!
          And this ship - in general - miraculously survived, or worked for private traders in some way - paid for its existence
          1. 755962
            +7
            July 29 2012
            The unique ship will need to be preserved, no matter what. It is not only the only running and operating ship to this day, but also our history. New generations will come to replace it anyway, and the "Commune" must be preserved for posterity. how many ships are left only in pictures. I understand that this is a troublesome and costly business ... In different countries there are a lot of ships as museums and in good condition.
        2. Protey
          +3
          July 29 2012
          This is crucial! And then we have this simple, in scrap metal and that's it!
    2. +11
      July 29 2012
      Thanks for the article, very informative.
    3. +7
      July 29 2012
      Such a worker should be in every fleet. Moreover, a new one, capable of helping new, modern boats. To build a ship, of course, is not a bag of potatoes to buy, but if there were such ships, there would be no need to throw out the currency on the rise of the Kursk, and the amount spent on its rise, I think, is not much less than the cost of the rescuer himself.
      "Commune" - good "health"))) In an amicable way, it's time for her to retire, and it can be a well-deserved rest somewhere in a museum, for example, on the Moscow River)))
      Here's something else about this ship http://flot.sevastopol.info/ship/spasat/communa.htm
      1. Russian-
        +4
        July 29 2012
        Quote: urich
        In a good way, she must go to rest, and it could be a well-deserved rest

        I agree. It's high time already. And then, as it were (God forbid) - the rescue vessel and its crew - itself did not have to be rescued.
        Just don’t think about anything bad. This is just basic Safety. Remember what happened to Bulgaria. No one and nothing is safe from this. God forbid.
      2. crapiv
        +4
        July 29 2012
        Not a single surface ship in the world was capable of lifting such a colossus as Kursk from the bottom. And I think not soon the world will learn how to build a lifeguard of this size.
        Boats of this type are huge ...
    4. Miha_Skif
      +7
      July 29 2012
      Yes, Putilov steel inspires ...
      good
    5. +8
      July 29 2012
      This is not just a ship, it is a living story of our fleet. Such a ship must be taken, cared for and cherished ... and when the time comes for abandoning it, it must be preserved for our history.
    6. anchonsha
      +5
      July 29 2012
      Long-liver !!! I wonder if there are still centenarians of our fleet? Thanks for the informative article, thank you very much !!!
    7. pribolt
      +4
      July 29 2012
      A very interesting story + And now we have to think about new ships of this type, I think the modern nuclear submarine "Kommuna" will not raise the weight category is not the same request
    8. vostok-47
      +3
      July 29 2012
      It's time for us to build a new one ... This ship is certainly good, but certainly not the same as before.
      1. vostok-47
        +3
        July 29 2012
        What am I doing in Iceland ??? I thought before that the Primorsky Territory in Russia ....
    9. GHG
      GHG
      +5
      July 29 2012
      There was an armadillo Peter the Great, he was exploited for 90 years.
      Peter the Great - one of the first Russian battleships.

      Designed by Rear Admiral A. A. Popov. Close in type to the British battleship HMS Devastation (1871). Laid on Galerny Island in 1869. Originally had the name "Cruiser". May 30, 1872, the day of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Peter I was renamed "Peter the Great." In August 1872, the ship was launched and transferred to Kronstadt for completion. The completion was completed in 1877.

      Machines were unsatisfactory and in 1881 the ship was converted to Glasgow by Randolph and Elder. In 1903, converted into a training vessel for the training of artillerymen. Since 1917 it was used as a floating base for submarines of the Baltic Fleet. February 25-26, 1918 made the transition from Revel to Helsingfors, and April 11-14, 1918 from there to Kronstadt. May 21, 1921 disarmed and reorganized into a mine blockade of the Kronstadt military port. April 18, 1959 is excluded from the lists of ships of the Navy.
      There were also old men minelayers "Narova", "Onega", "Marty"; Former cruiser of the 1st rank "General-Admiral", converted from the Semi-armored frigate, the former steam yacht "Standart", built in Denmark in 1895. These mine loaders were used about 70 years
    10. vostok-47
      0
      July 29 2012
      Stop, what am I doing in Iceland ??? I thought my house is in Russia ...
    11. Victor.
      +3
      July 29 2012
      They knew how to build before ... I wonder if foreign fleets have their own existing old ships?
      1. DIMS
        +3
        July 29 2012
        All were "surpassed" by the Americans with their "Constitution". But there is a small nuance: being part of the US Navy, this ship is a museum.
        1. 0
          July 29 2012
          We have the Aurora as part of the Russian Navy. So have you "surpassed"?
    12. +3
      July 29 2012
      The ship is a veteran. for his glorious history, in the aggregate of completed work, he paid for himself more than once. They knew how to build earlier. If you don’t saw it for scrap - which will be a pity, turn it into a museum and a separate exhibition - all the ships and ships that he raised.
      1. DIMS
        +4
        July 29 2012
        Quote: kotdavin4i
        turn it into a museum

        With mandatory preservation in the fleet. So that not as with the "Aurora" happened.
        1. 0
          July 29 2012
          "Aurora" has always been in the fleet. Or am I missing something?
          1. DIMS
            +2
            July 29 2012
            At the end of 2010, removed from the fleet and transferred to the balance of the Central Naval Museum
    13. AlexMH
      +7
      July 29 2012
      Exactly, so that not as with "Aurora", which was mutilated in the 80s. We have almost no real museum ships with a rich history that would be really interesting for both tourists and technology lovers. Perhaps the Krasin ... And this ship must be made into a museum, and better in the Baltic, in St. Petersburg.
      1. DIMS
        +4
        July 29 2012
        For this, the museum ship must have a host. Not a weary of the Naval Museum, which has its own sea problems.
    14. The Armed Forces
      +3
      July 29 2012
      Ukrainian satellite navigation costs.

      1. +3
        July 29 2012
        Does Ukraine have its own satellite constellation ?! Did not know! :) Maybe there is its own navigation, such as UkrGPS? Do not be offended, but you had to write the receiving equipment of the Ukrainian assembly.
        1. The Armed Forces
          0
          July 29 2012
          Ukrainian navigation equipment - designed, manufactured. and importers exported from Ukraine to countries.
          - Ukrainian navigation is worth it. The sense from Navstar is when there is no equipment on ships.
    15. Phoenix193
      +8
      July 29 2012
      Thanks to the author for the article! He smiled about the antique piano: "At the present time it is not possible to take it out ....." - That saved him! ;-) It's amazing how it survived the dashing revolution and no less dashing 90s!
      Truly, this rescuer is a relic of the fleet, and indeed the country as a whole! Why not make theme parks with a normal infrastructure, promotion? After all, people would go with their families with pleasure! Not at the same mikimaus to bring up children!
      1. 0
        July 29 2012
        The funny thing (or not so) is that the piano is auctioned more than the ship. Theoretically, you can cut the ship with autogenous and rescue the piano. Thank God, we did not think of such a thing in the dashing 90s.
    16. +8
      July 29 2012
      Recently, a film about the Commune was shown on TV. So there the captain is a bit younger than the ship itself! smile Well done man! Everything says nothing, only it’s getting harder and harder to climb a 20-meter height over the years! Veterans aren’t aging only! My deep bow to the workers of the Russian Navy!
    17. +2
      July 29 2012
      A great ship, a real veteran and still in service keep it up !!!
    18. Vito
      +4
      July 29 2012
      Excellent article, YOU noticed that while enthusiastically arguing about warships, we somehow missed that there are other units in our fleet! And these ships are "hard workers", deserve no less respect than cruisers, destroyers and corvettes! Support ships are as necessary for the navy as air or sea. And they must be built!
      And the RESCUE is of great respect, this is really a valid story! I fully support the opinion of many here that such a ship (the name of the ship does not turn the ship); should be preserved, like a museum, simply from human gratitude to HIM for all its pre-long years of devoted service to our Navy!
      1. +2
        July 29 2012
        I agree with you completely.
    19. +2
      July 29 2012
      What an interesting design! Eh ... drawings would be, I would make a model ... feel
    20. +1
      July 29 2012
      This ship must be preserved for the museum - the history of the Russian fleet. Sincerely.
    21. +1
      July 29 2012
      This is all good, of course ... once again proves that they knew how to build before ... But ... why are we happy ?? !! the ship is almost 100 years old !!! here it is necessary to cry ... does it really occur to anyone that they need to replace it ... I'm not saying that it should be scrapped ... you can convert it for training ... into a museum, for example ... or something else- Someday ... It just needs to be replaced ... but we all hope at random ... and one fine moment it will fail (God forbid, of course, that someone is hurt, but still) and our government and command will say "why are you surprised at the ship 100" and we have, as they say, "until the thunder breaks out, the man crosses himself" so our sailors are sailing on an old ship that needs to be replaced ... if there is something on the "top"
    22. +1
      July 29 2012
      And I kept thinking what kind of boat this is when I looked at it from the window of a university ...
      This ship is in the bay Streletskaya.
    23. ZUI
      ZUI
      +1
      July 29 2012
      Eh, they would have painted at least
      1. The Armed Forces
        0
        July 30 2012
        They all need to be repaired, otherwise nothing is done - they finish off the handle. The combat readiness of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation, meanwhile, is already worse than the Navy ZSU, and the Black Sea Fleet has got 70% of the Black Sea Fleet of the USSR.
      2. +2
        July 30 2012
        painted a long time ago, at first the old photos are simple. a kilometer from my house is worth.
        1. 0
          July 30 2012
          Then complete order.
    24. KOMOd Shpakov
      +2
      July 30 2012
      Just beautiful. It’s a pity at least some machine guns or cannons are not, so just in case, for solidity. And further. Do I have glitches or is there a doghouse in the picture near the gangway? There were cats on our ships, and sometimes in exorbitant numbers, but I never heard of dogs ...
      1. +1
        July 30 2012
        So there is a booth near the storm ladder. There you can even see the leash stretched.
        1. 11Goor11
          0
          July 30 2012
          This is so that rare bronze tablets do not go to collectors.
    25. 0
      July 31 2012
      In the wheelhouse I did not notice the screen of the radar, echo sounder, radio station. Only a barograph in a wooden case. Well, I’m kidding, I don’t need a radar, and so you can see where you are going, the echo sounder, bespontovy bells and whistles, the depths are on the map, the walkie-talkie, an empty thing, you can say in a megaphone, ZHPS - for what, if the water area is known as a palm. And in the engine room, cleanliness is high!

    "Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

    “Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"