Why "Sea Launch" relocated to Slavyanka: about the reasons and prospects

62


Even people far from space know that the zone of the most favorable conditions for launching rockets is at the equator. It is there that you can maximize the payload of the rockets, the mass of the payload sent into orbit. I will not delve into the physical components that give such an effect, simply because this is the level of knowledge of high school.



The birth of the Sea Launch project is primarily associated with plans to deploy a wide network of commercial satellites in space. At the end of the century was the very peak of this boom. Naturally, scientists have proposed a solution to this problem. It was necessary to create a floating space-rocket complex, allowing missiles to be launched directly from the equatorial waters of the Pacific Ocean.

The project was officially launched in 1995. The founders of the new enterprise were several leading rocket and space industry companies in the world: the American company Boeing, the Russian RSC Energia, the Ukrainian Design Bureau Yuzhnoye and PO Yuzhmash, and the Norwegian shipbuilding company Kvaerner. Upon registration, the project was called Sea Launch.

The project was implemented by March 1998. It was by this time that a special Base port in the USA (Long Beach, California), a mobile launch platform “ODYSSEY” and an assembly and command ship “SEA LAUNCH COMMANDER” were built. Many have already forgotten that the project was successful. The first launch took place in March 1999 with the help of the Zenit launch vehicle.

Until 2014, more than 30 successful launches were made from the floating platform. Over 150000 kilograms of payload were sent into orbit. Moreover, they launched not only light, but also heavy spacecraft.

Among other things, the project allowed to work out the whole complex of preparatory and launch work, the necessary operations with spacecraft, the delivery of vehicles, tests, launch. However, in 2014, in connection with the events in Ukraine, the project was stopped. I do not want to discuss the reasons for this stop today. I think it’s enough to say that politics killed the project.

Ultimately, after two years of downtime and negotiations with potential buyers, the complex was sold to the S7 group of companies for almost $ 150 million. It should be noted that during the negotiations, especially in the material part of the transaction, S7 made many concessions to the Americans and Ukrainians. However, the new division of the company, S7 Space, hoped that it could resume launches in 2018. By the way, the headquarters of S7 Space was built again at the Base Port in Long Beach.

Prospects for Sea Launch Today


The new owner of Sea Launch tried to restore the complex. But by 2018, it became clear that the Zenit rocket, which was counted on in the S7, will no longer be produced. Ukrainian enterprises are unable to restore production. And the Americans were not eager to continue the project. The sanctions imposed against the Russian Federation by the president of the USA practically made sense the continuation of work. It was then that the decision was made to relocate the platform and command ship to Russia.

However, the S7 Space press service officially announced this only in December 2019. This is due to bureaucratic delays in the United States. For relocation, the appropriate permission of the US authorities was necessary. This permission was received in December 2019.

In principle, people who are interested in the fate of Sea Launch, getting permission was not a surprise. Above, I wrote about some features of the contract for the purchase of a complex in the material sphere. So, in October 2019, work on the dismantling of American and Ukrainian equipment was carried out on the platform and command ship. Yuzhmash’s Boeing information and communications equipment and launch equipment for the Zenit rocket were removed and placed in warehouses in Long Beach, that is, in the home port of the complex.

After all the adventures, after a long struggle for their own property, S7 Space still delivered the complex to Russia. On March 30, 2020, the Hong Kong transport ship Xin Guang Hua with the Odyssey launch platform of the Sea Launch launch site project arrived at the raid of the Slavyanka port in Primorye (80 km south of Vladivostok). Today, March 31, the ship will be removed from the raid and taken to the Slavyansk Shipyard. The command ship SEA LAUNCH COMMANDER is already in Slavyanka.

Knowing the capabilities of the Slavic ship repair plant, it is very likely to predict a fairly quick return of the complex to operation. Shipbuilders will need one to two years to fully modernize their ships. Everything will depend on the components that these vessels need. Simply put, we need a new information and communication system (Russian, to replace the American) and equipment for launching missiles.

What rockets will the Sea Launch launch?


In specialized publications, you can now find a huge number of opinions about the future rocket, which will become the basis for the Sea Launch. Someone is talking about existing missiles that will be upgraded. Someone is talking about projects that are being tested. Someone even believes that it is impossible to restore the complex without Zenith.

Nobody forbids us to argue and express our opinion. But this lesson is useless: nothing depends on public opinion on such issues. Specialists decide. Here we turn to the experts.

So, the press service of the Progress Rocket and Space Center:

At present, the specialists of our company are discussing with S7 Space the tactical and technical requirements for the launch vehicle to ensure launches from the Sea Launch space-rocket complex and the timing of the main stages of work.

In my opinion, this is enough for conclusions. RCC "Progress" will develop a missile specifically for the Sea Launch complex. Accordingly, new equipment for launching missiles will be developed. On what basis new rockets will be designed is unknown. And it is unknown even to the designers themselves. Only after receiving the technical specifications will it be possible to seriously talk about it ...

In general, the Sea Launch complex will live. The relevance and profitability of this project is undeniable. The company Ilona Mask is using it perfectly today. But the importance of space for business in the process of developing new technologies will also grow. So, the business project is promising.
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62 comments
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  1. -19
    March 31 2020
    He doesn't need a fuck, this complex! Commercial launches are now a market WITHOUT COMPETITION AT ALL, and the "Musk company" lives only because it is not Musk, but NASA, therefore NASA lobbies it in the tail and in the mane! By the way, even the name Falcon is not taken from "Star Wars"! FALCON - FALCON (Force Application and Launch from Continental US - "Projection of force" from the United States). Previously the program was called CAV
    In the area of ​​hypersound, several programs started at once, one of them - CAV (Common Aero Vehicle - Interspecific / Single Aerial Vehicle) - provided for the creation of a planning GLA (“glider”) - HCT.

    And songs about "commerce" do not go anywhere - immediately, clearly - the state program! By the way, this is the reason for the excessive carrying capacity of Spice-he ... The calculation for the delivery of drones from Boeing or hypersonic gliders.
    Please note that in the world there are many well-known companies that conduct aggressive advertising campaigns. But it’s precisely the campaign - the single concept, time intervals, etc. are clearly visible. signs. The "campaign" in defense of the holy African-American is sharply knocked out of this series by its dimensionality and constancy. "There is no beginning for the Mask, no mask for the end." Yes, because it is non-profit. We “cover” the Mask theme both through the Department of State and along the lines of the Pentagon and the US Intelligence Community. And these are the billions that are allocated by the budget on an ongoing basis and ensure the work of the "sect" on a large scale and on the same patterns since the time of Hughes (no, he was an aviator cool - sorry for the fig film).
    1. +25
      March 31 2020
      What illiterate nonsense you are carrying. And in any topic.
      1. -25
        March 31 2020
        You - are generally unsubstantiated slogans. This is the problem of all sectarians.
      2. +10
        March 31 2020
        Wait, the individual has not remembered this about "piling up" (although it's not over yet) - a favorite mantra in every topic: at least about chamber pots, at least about space ...
    2. +4
      March 31 2020
      no one asked you for sure whether he needed a private company or not
  2. +8
    March 31 2020
    In general, the Sea Launch complex will live
    What can only be sincerely desired.
  3. +3
    March 31 2020
    "Sea Launch", or rather its simple, is an indicator of the effectiveness of international investments, corporatization, joint ventures, "the effectiveness of market trading" and so on. It's time to remember the wisdom: at seven nannies, a child without an eye.
    PS Yesterday I just remembered that there was an interesting project, like a sea launch. Perhaps it will not sink into oblivion.
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. +4
    March 31 2020
    It is interesting to see what happens.
    At least this will not affect our wallet - a commercial enterprise.
    But something tells me that it’s a bad thing.
    Private traders of this kind of work will not master. Otherwise, each mobile operator in the courtyard would have its own spaceport.
    We live in an interesting time, gentlemen, comrades ... fellow
    1. +2
      March 31 2020
      Private traders of this kind of work will not master.

      That's right, so most likely
      And songs about "commerce" do not go anywhere - immediately, clearly - the state program!
  6. +11
    March 31 2020
    Kraskino is not a bad place to base it, it is our southernmost port on the coast in the Pacific Ocean, which has a repair base and railway connections, and most importantly, is not loaded with ships. It is possible that this will give an impetus to the development of the area.
    1. +6
      March 31 2020
      Sergey, the place for the construction of the new Basing Port has not yet been selected. But just this option is being considered.
      1. +3
        March 31 2020
        Quote: domokl
        Sergey, the place for the construction of the new Basing Port has not yet been selected. But just this option is being considered.

        So hastened. But I would be happy for Kraskino ... Wonderful places, they would not hurt to get a new impetus to development
        1. +3
          March 31 2020
          But I would be happy for Kraskino ..
          You are confusing something. The article discusses the port in the village of Slavyanka, Khasansky district. P. Kraskino hasan port does not have, because the bay next to him knee-deep in the literal sense. The nearest port is in Posyet, which is 20-30 km south of Slavyanka.
          1. 0
            March 31 2020
            Quote: rotmistr60
            You are confusing something. The article discusses the port in the village of Slavyanka, Khasansky district. P. Kraskino hasan port does not have, because the bay next to him knee-deep in the literal sense. The nearest port is in Posyet, which is 20-3 km south of the Slav.

            Apparently getting old ... hi Interestingly, the Marines are still in Slavyanka?
            1. +1
              March 31 2020
              I served as a lieutenant at the fork in the road (Barabash-Hassan) to Posyet, so I know these places very well. And between Slavyanka and Posyet there is another port (in Soviet times for fishermen) in the village of Zarubino.
              It happens sometimes. hi
              1. +1
                March 31 2020
                Quote: rotmistr60
                I served as a lieutenant at the fork in the road (Barabash-Hassan) to Posyet, so I know these places very well.

                From the starlet to the captain in Smolyaninovo ... But it was the same in those places, our one of the regiments of the division in Kraskino stood, and in Slavyanka there were a lot of colleagues in the GSVG
                1. 0
                  March 31 2020
                  In the village of Kraskino stood 48 Guards. SME, 123 Guards MSD (division headquarters in Barabash). I served (platoon com, company com) in Zaysanovka in 45 Guards. SMEs (just at the fork in Posyet). In the 70s, at first there was a separate battalion of marines in Slavyanka, and later the regiment, there were still some units, today I don’t remember exactly.
                  1. 0
                    March 31 2020
                    Quote: rotmistr60
                    In the village of Kraskino stood 48 Guards. SME, 123 Guards MSD (division headquarters in Barabash).

                    When the 40th mechanized infantry division was transferred to the fleet, the "courtier" "Ussuriysk" "Aushevsky" "Romanian" (how many unofficial names) 231 SMRs were "removed" from its composition, and 48 were transferred instead
            2. -1
              April 4 2020
              I'll tell you the terrible news, as in "Love and Doves" alas, no, everything is in Vladivostok !!
    2. +2
      March 31 2020
      Kraskino until 1938 - Novokievsk, for this reason the Sumerians will demand the transfer of "Sea Launch" to themselves.
      1. +1
        March 31 2020
        Quote: Aviator_
        Kraskino until 1938 - Novokievsk, for this reason the Sumerians will demand the transfer of "Sea Launch" to themselves.

        Funny ... honestly I didn’t know. Actually, we used to joke that it’s not Primorye, but Italy somehow ... KraskinO, ChernyatinO ...
        1. +4
          March 31 2020
          I have a mom from there, born in 1926. Kraskin is a lieutenant who died in battles on Hassan.
          1. +3
            March 31 2020
            Quote: Aviator_
            Kraskin is a lieutenant who died in battles on Hassan.

            Yeah, it’s not far there. but at the expense of the old name, we can also recall that Zaporizhia was once Aleksandrovsky, and the Dnieper was Yekaterinoslav, Kirovograd was Yelisavetgrad
          2. 0
            March 31 2020
            The border guard who died in the battles for Hassan is lt Makhalin. His name is given to railway station. in the village of Kraskino. Therefore, to get to the village of Kraskino in Ussuriysk, buying a ticket for the Novochuguevka-Khasan train is necessary to station. Makhalino.
            1. -2
              April 4 2020
              there are no such routes given by Russian Railways already, I have never heard of Novochuguevka-Khasan, Uss-Khas, Uss-Novch were there, I went to Novochuguevka with fighters, art. Mineral to art. Warehouses worked in 2001. the only adequate warrant officer of the fire service and his fighters, the commander with a beer diplomat !! VOKHR local with carabiners walking around the town for a bottle, how they arrived, they slept with the battalion’s political commander and soldiers without mattresses, well, as you say, retired patriots, I can still remember 11 years of service as an ensign
        2. +2
          March 31 2020
          Golden Horn, Bosphorus-East, Diomede, Ajax, Patroclus, Ulysses and other interesting toponyms.
          1. +1
            March 31 2020
            Quote: Archon
            Golden Horn, Bosphorus-Oriental, Diomede, Ajax, Patroclus, Ulysses

            Askold, Livadia ... list BIG
    3. -1
      April 4 2020
      You probably wanted to say Posiet, there is a port for loading coal for ships with a large draft, a railway track, the border department of the FSB in the Primorsky Territory, FSE is right, but where to moor them ?? You say it is not loaded with ships, it was 2018 on the Nazimov spit "AMAZING place, because there were three dry cargo ships in the roadstead, in the morning the FSB anchored their patrol, but this is far from the Pacific Ocean !! And Kraskino is a village of military glory of the Khasan events, abandoned on tyranny, everything is deplorable there, only buses with Chinese people go on excursions !! and so, the Khasan region is a continuous reserve !!!
  7. +2
    March 31 2020
    Given the speed of developing new missiles ... The first start may be in 20 years.
    1. +1
      March 31 2020
      Yes, yes, in general, by the end of time it will take off ... whined? and to a private company, your vanging will sideways, the money will be rocket, and it will force progress to fulfill the RCC contract during s7, no one has canceled the courts and fines
      1. +1
        March 31 2020
        Not naive not liberoid .... Tell me how much money is buried on the Angara since 1995 and where is the rocket? Did the courts help much in speeding up the development? All one hundred flies now - Protons and Unions, originally from the 60s)
        And in general, to say that the RCC Progress will develop something there ... as much as a whole rocket))). I'll show you America, for its entire existence, this organization has designed missiles ... ZERO, this is a very experienced developer))). With the same result, the design can be entrusted to the enterprise, which will modernize the Sea Launch, and already the assembly of the Progress RCC, in this they are, yes, experienced.
        1. -3
          March 31 2020
          where does the hangar? Do not mix the private and public sectors. you can at least get tired here, private business for any money will put any design bureaus into cancer and make it work
          1. +1
            March 31 2020
            You apologize for your brains, they put cancer. First you find a free design bureau, and then figure out the order of the amount for the development and testing from scratch of a completely new rocket, test stands and a bunch of related equipment. Any business will choose a ready-made carrier to launch its cargo now, and not sometime in 10 years, and maybe not even launch it at all.
            1. -1
              April 1 2020
              but I don’t have to figure it out, since progress has subscribed to this case, then there is free time and power .. if s7 has already taken up this, then there is both interest and money
              1. 0
                April 1 2020
                Quote: Not a liberoid Russian
                but I don’t have to figure it out, since progress has subscribed to this case, then there is free time and power .. if s7 has already taken up this, then there is both interest and money

                Got it? I can do that too)) discuss with a neighbor. Nothing confuses you in the text?))
                In my opinion, this is enough for conclusions. RCC "Progress" will develop a missile specifically for the Sea Launch complex. Accordingly, new equipment for launching missiles will be developed. On what basis new rockets will be designed is unknown. And it is unknown even to the designers themselves.

                I was embarrassed by the fact that they are talking about design with assemblers)) and the designers are not in the know))
    2. 0
      April 2 2020
      You do not understand anything! Everything is ready. laughing
      That is:
      MilitaryRussia.Ru: "New hybrid missile ICBM system RS-30 Sarmatodon can lift-off 5-7 UW-drones Poseidon with heavy ICBM-carrier Sarmat. Extra ability with two types of launchs - from silo or from naval platform SeeLaunch"

      https://twitter.com/DnKornev/status/1245272585585209344
      1. 0
        April 2 2020
        Dude, today is already April 2, a little late))
    3. 0
      April 2 2020
      Quote: JD1979
      developing new missiles ...
      Here is another new returning launch vehicle with a hypersonic toroidal ramjet engine scramjet engine:
      Starting weight 750 tons with fuel, oxidizer and payload in the form of a Shuttle.
      The returning first stage with a scramjet can also be used to deliver an inhabited toroidal module into orbit with a system for creating artificial gravity by rotating the torus:
      The toroidal orbital module is equipped with a small shuttle to return the crew from orbit
      1. 0
        April 3 2020
        Shuttle with toroidal scramjet in the return first stage. Starting weight 750 tons with fuel, oxidizer and payload:
        1. 0
          April 3 2020
          Toroidal first stage of a rocket with a scramjet and a toroidal orbital module as a payload in the second stage:
          The toroidal orbital module is equipped with a small shuttle to return the crew from orbit. The diameter of the toroidal scramjet is 36m
  8. +2
    March 31 2020
    The project will definitely live on! Its "life" period is approximately 5 to 10 years. During this time, it will turn out to write off many tens of billions of rubles, and hundreds of millions of dollars. The "project" is ideal for this, so that no one doubts its "performance" for a second.
    For nothing else, this completely useless figovin is completely unsuitable.
  9. +1
    March 31 2020
    It is good that Sea Launch arrived and escaped the fate of Kuznetsov.

    But now in front of him is another bastion: Rogozin with friends in Roscosmos and Serdyukov with Chubais in Rostec.
    This obstacle cannot be overcome quickly ....
    1. -2
      March 31 2020
      what relation do chubais and serdyukov have to rostech?
      1. -1
        March 31 2020
        Drive yourself into the search ...
        Definitely
        1. -2
          April 1 2020
          drive what? your nonsense? Chemezov is not such a person as to create a corporation to let in Chubais ... gush with your fantasies on the sign or echo
          1. +3
            April 1 2020
            Definitely not driven.
            Rude - so I'm right.
  10. +1
    March 31 2020
    Who and what control equipment will be put on the Sea Launch, dismantled by the Americans?
  11. +4
    March 31 2020
    If you believe that the complex will be equipped with Russian equipment, and not foreign "not the first freshness", then this is progress for "our space" .... it's time, oh, it's time to get out of the quagmire of world AMERICAN globalization.
  12. 0
    March 31 2020
    For those who fumble in this matter, the need for this project is obvious, the question is only whether it will be ...
  13. 0
    March 31 2020
    Author:
    Alexander Staver
    RCC "Progress" will develop a missile specifically for the Sea Launch complex. Accordingly, new equipment for launching missiles will be developed. On what basis new rockets will be designed is unknown.

    Something tells me, since the ship has arrived for modernization in our port, and it will last about two years, then the choice of the carrier has already been made and it will be brought to mind in the near future. At least all reasonable leaders of this venture should have done this, and before going to knock out budget funds, they at least theoretically substantiated the profitability and payback of this project. I believe that on the whole this is a necessary business, and we must become monopolists in this project without the participation of anyone in order to receive all the profits. I hope this project will not repeat the fate of Buran ...
  14. +4
    March 31 2020
    Quote: "In general, the Sea Launch complex will live on." End of quote.
    Another conclusion suggests itself: "On the whole, the Sea Launch complex ordered a long life."
  15. +1
    March 31 2020
    Fresh news on the Sea Launch project: https://lenta.ru/news/2020/03/31/sealaunch/
    I hope that this is only her from the point of view and the final decision has not yet been made.
  16. +1
    March 31 2020
    Ukrainian enterprises are unable to restore production.

    In fact, they received the order and proceeded to fulfill it, but then the deal was canceled (https://regnum.ru/news/2597728.html) by S7. In general, there is no doubt that S7 was pressured for political reasons - how is it, a Russian space project, and will buy media from Ukraine? Although S7, buying it out, apparently bet on Zenits and tried to follow this path to the last, until they were told "no. Don't even think about it." As a result, politics killed the project twice, in 2014 and in 2019. It could be summed up that after a double shot to the head, they usually do not survive, but in reality, his prospects were already extremely vague: Musk took the whole market, competition with him on disposable media with technically super-outstanding, but therefore expensive engines of the RD170 family, which are lost every time, this is obviously a dead end.
    1. +3
      March 31 2020
      Yes, the whole article is riddled with ignorance and errors.
      The author gently did not mention the bankruptcy of the sea launch as an example
  17. +3
    March 31 2020
    Knowing the capabilities of the Slavic ship repair plant, it is very likely to predict a fairly quick return of the complex to operation. ...................... Sorry, but it seems to me that you don’t know what, not only about astronautics and about domestic rocket science but also about Far Eastern ship repair

    -Currently, "Slavyansky Shipyard" is struggling to survive. But alas, the plant has practically no chances for this business, as sad as it may sound. There is no one to work there. Only the management staff is growing. For one unfortunate laborer - ten chiefs.

    --- Huge problems with the payment of salaries, there were delays of 3-4 months. Carry out the equipment left over from the USSR and everything else. A mess at the enterprise and a catastrophic lack of tools, protective equipment (helmets, gloves, shoes, robe) and materials. They promise a lot of things, but in reality it turns out quite differently. ZP official minimum, everything else is in an envelope. When a person quits on his own due to the constant non-payment of his hard-earned salary, he is reassured in every possible way and told that everything will be fine, but when it comes to the letter of resignation, they try to hang all sorts of fines on him in order to minimize his calculation. It is unfortunate that such a promising enterprise was ruined in the old days and directors and other bosses are trying to cash in on his remains and the work of other people.

    --- You’ll glance at Slavyansky SRZ and your heart bleeds, some ruins from a powerful enterprise remain
  18. +1
    March 31 2020
    Continued ..
    You would be interested in the owner of the plant .... and much fell into place
    So ship repair is very different from "legal proceedings"
    And at least they were going to base the Sea Launch far in the north in Sovetskaya Gavan .. and this is currently .... POPA OF THE WORLD
  19. +1
    March 31 2020
    The author in the article voiced 2 mutually exclusive things!
    1. Ship repair workers for 2-2.5 years to upgrade the platform.
    2. There are no rockets yet and only a discussion of general parameters is ongoing.
    In a nutshell, without a live rocket there is no set of launch and control equipment. That is, there is nothing to mount. So a period of 2-2.5 years is unrealistic. The rocket creation time is at least 5 years. The whole circle closed. In general, the platform will decay in the Far East, that's the whole story
    1. -1
      April 1 2020
      it will rot with a state approach and bad owners! at reasonable .... everything will work! and nothing to whine! once taken .. so they knew what they were going on! just do not voice! that's all!
  20. kig
    0
    April 1 2020
    Knowing the capabilities of the Slavic ship repair plant, it is very likely to predict a fairly quick return of the complex to operation

    This is if you dump a lot of money also in the shipyard. Now it’s a dull sight: the workshops are dirty and dark, there are no glasses, the forest is growing on the roof, you can hardly see hard workers ...
  21. 0
    April 1 2020
    Good luck guys!
  22. -1
    April 1 2020
    Quote: svp67
    Quote: domokl
    Sergey, the place for the construction of the new Basing Port has not yet been selected. But just this option is being considered.

    So hastened. But I would be happy for Kraskino ... Wonderful places, they would not hurt to get a new impetus to development

    The strongest winds are there in November-December .... bully
  23. vka
    0
    April 5 2020
    wait and see

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