There are a number of reasons why I wanted to write on this topic.
First: he served in the internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for twenty years (from a cadet of a military school to a platoon commander and to a deputy regiment commander).
Second: the almost complete absence on the site called "Military Review" of more or less truthful ideas about the service and tasks of the Russian Guard (almost half of the personnel of the Russian Guard are military personnel).
The third and most important reason is the desire to at least partially dispel some incomprehensible to me animal and irrational hatred of the military personnel of this structure by some citizens, including those who write comments on this site. Perhaps these are random people, or maybe not people at all. I dont know. I’m not sure that I will succeed in convincing everyone of the need for the existence of the Russian Guard, but it's worth a try.
Recently, I read several articles on the topic of the Russian Guard and comments on them at VO, the last article was on the day of the professional holiday of the Russian Guard. So, about 20-25% of all comments (I definitely didn’t think it was) can be associated with poisonous spitting at the military and Rosguard employees. I don’t know what the motivations of these people are, what personal insults the Rosguard has inflicted on them, but I think that those individuals who are trying to undermine the state in which they live by humiliating its individual institutions, and it doesn’t matter, “in the dark” they they are engaged in this or consciously, they are precisely the enemies of a people without quotes, since it is much more difficult for a people without a state in general or with a weak state to survive.
A modern example of completely weak states: Somalia, Sudan, Yemen and Libya, partly and to a lesser extent: Syria, Lebanon and several others. In all these countries, ordinary people live very hard times. Such a large nation as the Kurds does not completely have its own state. They are pushed and used for their own purposes by everyone who is not lazy. Until 1948, the Jews didn’t have their own state - they are just very careful about their country. And in Russia, until the mid-2000s, the state was also very weak - I think everyone remembers this.
For those who are very dissatisfied with the government and calling for its overthrow by force, that is, those who want to arrange another “revolution of dignity”, I can quote one of the Ukrainian politicians (I don’t remember my last name): “If you have problems in the country, arrange a revolution - and you will understand that there were no problems in your country. ” One of the inscriptions on the wall of the memory of Viktor Tsoi in St. Petersburg looked quite interesting and topical, namely: “Victor, we waited for changes, if you knew, well, what the hell, such changes.”
They may object to me: there is nothing for us to cite Ukraine as an example, it will not be so with us, while not clearly explaining why it will not be so. And I wonder why we should have a different way. So, I can say that in the event of a weakening of the state, it will not be the same as in Ukraine, it will be much worse for us, the tragedy can happen much more bloody, and there are many reasons for this and a separate article is needed to discuss them.
I don’t understand how people can be hated by a tool that will be used by any, I repeat, any power (if you accidentally hit yourself with a hammer on your fingers, will you scold the hammer or still your personal ineptitude?).
Maybe someone thinks that if “beautiful elves” come to power in our country tomorrow, they will dissolve the Russian Guard, the police, the bailiffs, the penitentiary service, etc., and even make the citizens of the country rich and happy at once. and healthy? So, I can confidently say that those who think so are, to put it mildly, very naive people. There will be nothing of the kind in the near future. Perhaps the configuration, composition, and the name of the power structures will be slightly changed (for example, Rosguard will be called some kind of “Corps of Guardians of the Revolution of Dignity” - a joke), anything else, but the main tasks will be the same. Even if some structures are disbanded, they will again create the same with a different name, or they will delegate powers and tasks to other departments. Yes, by the way - the new leaders will not make anyone rich, healthy and happy, but themselves and their loved ones. Those individuals who position themselves today as leaders of protests in Russia and claim that they are the power here do not cause any emotions other than disgust and contempt.
If someone thinks that a “super-investigator” by a surname that resembles a nickname is an independent person, then they are mistaken. If you don’t go into details, you can simply say that it is the “drain tank” of various special services, and, possibly, both foreign and Russian. This is precisely the reason why he has not yet been imprisoned for a real term, and the part of the information that he positions as the result of his investigations is plausible.
Next, about the Rosguard. The methods used by its employees during the dispersal of rallies, if they differ from the methods of similar bodies in “civilized countries,” only towards a more lenient use of force and special means, namely, water cannons, rubber bullets and tear gas are not used (although they are in stock). In the countries of "Western democracy" all this is used to the full extent - anyone who doubts can watch videos on various Internet resources.
I would like to ask a question to individual characters: what exactly may be the fault of the military and employees of the Russian Guard, especially where it comes to issues of economics and social justice. I want to say right away that, in their opinion, the FSO guards the corrupt, and not the Rosguard.
I didn’t find Rosguard myself in the service, but according to my current work I am constantly in contact with this structure and the people who serve in it, therefore I can express my opinion not only about the BB, but also about the VNG (national guard troops), especially that with riot police and SOBR officers from different regions of Russia, he previously crossed the line of service quite often, especially when performing tasks in the North Caucasus.
Just cleaned up?
I was very unpleasant when, during training at the Combined Arms Academy (former VA Frunze Military Academy) at the faculty of border and internal troops in the late nineties, one of the teachers during the lecture asked: “Are there any officers with the rank of Hero of Russia among those present, or awarded military orders? " And then he himself answered: "From where, you just cleared it." If such an opinion was among some military men of the Russian Defense Ministry in the late nineties, it’s scary to imagine that civilians can think for themselves, especially with the help of “non-worthy” journalists or self-appointed pseudo-experts bloggers.
From my own personal experience, I can argue that the main burden of hostilities in Chechnya, Dagestan, and Ingushetia, namely as infantry and special forces, was borne to a greater extent by operational military units, military units and special forces and reconnaissance units of internal troops, and riot police with SOBR . Mostly allocated from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation tank, aviation and artillery military units and units, as well as special forces units of the GRU GSH.
After the New Year’s assault on Grozny in the first campaign under the command of the “ingenious” General P. Grachev, Army Commander-in-Chief of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia A.S. Kulikov was appointed commander of a group of forces in Chechnya and all other cities were taken under his command and the entire territory of the Chechen Republic was occupied with almost no losses from the federal forces. Then Colonel-General A.A. Romanov was appointed commander of the group, and he established such an order that, by the end of the summer of 1995, single military vehicles could be moved across the plain part of the Chechen Republic. Many of those who did not like this “war is their mother,” and in September 1995, A. Romanova, did not like it. they blew up on Minutka Square in Grozny, he is still alive, but it is difficult to call such an existence.
In total for the entire post-Soviet history 201 serviceman and employee of the Russian Guard (VV MVD) was awarded the title of Hero of Russia. 148 military personnel and the rank assigned posthumously.
War with your own people?
It is also interesting that some people present on the site talk about the redundancy of the number of the Rosguard (about 350000 people) and reduce all its tasks only to a “war with their own people” and to actions consisting of “detachments” only they understand.
Speaking about the number of Rosguards, we can say that no additional states were allocated. These approximately 350000 people were previously in the service, just from the Ministry of Internal Affairs they cut off explosives - about 180000, special police units (OMON, SOBR) - about 35000, private security - about 130000, and a number of other smaller and less significant units (aviation, licensed- licensing units).
Of all the tasks of peacetime and wartime (they are listed for reference at the end of the article), it is especially possible to single out the task of territorial defense in the threatened period and in wartime.
It is clear that a military conflict with the participation of Russia, if it does happen, and everything goes to that (especially after the end of the epic with the coronavirus), the question is only in place, intensity and participants, it will not look like the wars of the middle and late 20th century but something may happen again. In particular, many Western countries - NATO members place quite a lot of emphasis on conducting subversive and terrorist activities in the rear of the enemy (that is, in our rear).
If anyone does not know, then I can report that in wartime, almost all military units of the RF Ministry of Defense are understaffed or re-formed and are being removed from places of permanent deployment in accordance with their mission closer to the line of possible contact with the enemy.
So far, all the tasks of territorial defense are assigned to military commissars in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and military units newly formed almost entirely from civilians (territorial defense units). Someone can confidently say that these untrained units will be able to counter the enemy’s professional sabotage and reconnaissance units in a threatened period and during wartime, such as Special Forces groups, separate Special Forces Special Forces Regiment, Special Forces Special Forces Delta, 75th Regiment Rangers »USA, САС, Great Britain SBS and other, less well-known units of the Armed Forces of the NATO countries, as well as less professional, but no less dangerous terrorist groups? But military units of operational designation, special forces of the National Guard, OMON and SOBR departments of Rosgvardia in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation will cope with this task much more confidently and efficiently. All of them have a high degree of training, appropriate weapons and equipment, and most importantly - vast experience in the fight against illegal armed groups and bandit underground in the North Caucasus.
Now, this has not yet been legislatively formalized, but the possibility of assigning tasks not only to participation, but also to direct the organization of territorial defense to the Russian Guard is being preliminarily studied.
Of course, there will be such "comrades" who will say that there is nothing special to do in the rear of the Russian Guard, compared to the existing units, they will only eat the rations, but this is far from the case.
On the activities of organizing the protection of the rear of the army during the Great Patriotic War Bogomolov V.O. a very good fiction book has been written: “The Moment of Truth” (“In August forty-fourth”), which very clearly using real documents shows the importance of protecting the front of the front, combating the DRF and the gang underground.
So, during the Second World War, the NKVD troops carried out tasks to protect the rear of the existing troops, fight against the DRG, the underground armed forces, and the enemy landing forces, with tasks similar in many respects to the current Rosguard.
Also, the formations and military units of the NKVD took part directly in the hostilities, namely:
- in the Brest Fortress fighters of the 132nd separate battalion of the NKVD troops fought. On the walls of the battalion’s barracks there was an inscription known to everyone: “I perish, but do not give up. Goodbye, Motherland. 20.VII.41 ";
- the garrisons of the 9th and 10th divisions of the NKVD troops for the protection of railway structures, guarding transport communications in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR, even surrounded by the enemy’s deep rear, continued to defend objects for a long time;
- In the battles for Leningrad, five divisions and two brigades of the NKVD troops distinguished themselves. Thus, the 21st Rifle Division of the NKVD troops defended the southern approaches to the city and later, thanks to the courage of the division’s soldiers, it became the 109th Red Banner Leningrad. The 1st Rifle Division for special distinctions became the 46th Luga Order of Suvorov, 2nd class. The 20th Rifle Division operated on the famous Nevsky Piglet, lost more than half of its personnel, but did not retreat;
- Four divisions, two brigades, a number of separate military units and three armored trains of the NKVD troops took part in the defense of Moscow. During this period, the 2nd Regiment distinguished themselves, a separate tank battalion, artillery battery, and other units of the OMSDON named after F.E. Dzerzhinsky, 156th regiment for the protection of an arms factory in Tula, which became the Red Banner;
- in the battalions of the 10th Infantry Division of the NKVD troops, which held defensive positions in Stalingrad, there were 10-15 people each, but the enemy could not pass the last 200 meters to the Volga. This is the only union awarded at that time the highest award of the Motherland - the Order of Lenin;
- Since 1941, the NKVD troops formed and transferred 15 rifle divisions to the People’s Commissariat of Defense of the USSR. All divisions fought well, earned honorary titles and awards, two of them became guards;
- In 1943, a separate army of the NKVD was formed and transferred to the Red Army from the border and internal troops. It received the name of the 70th Army and, as part of the Central Front, adopted a “baptism of fire” in a defensive battle on the Kursk Bulge;
- The NKVD troops played an important role in the deployment of the partisan movement, as well as preparing reconnaissance and sabotage units and groups for operations behind enemy lines;
the soldiers of the Separate Motorized Rifle Brigade of Special Purpose (OMSBON) made a special contribution to achieving victory. Here was collected the color of Soviet sports, students, the best intelligence officers of the country. 25 brigade servicemen became Heroes of the Soviet Union;
- in the final period of the Great Patriotic War, the service and operational activities of the troops were carried out on a large territory along the front and in depth, characterized by great tension and a large number of military clashes. So, only to clean the rear of the 1st Ukrainian Front from the gangs of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army and the remnants of the Ukrainian SS Galichina division in the Rava-Russkaya area in late August - early September 1944, a Chekist-military operation was conducted on a territory with a total area of more than 3 600 sq. km It was attended by more than 6 thousand troops of the NKVD troops with artillery and armored vehicles;
- In total, at the final stage of the Great Patriotic War, the NKVD troops conducted thousands of Chekist-military (special) operations to combat banditry and nationalist groups in the western regions of the Soviet Union.
For courage and bravery, more than 100 thousand servicemen of the NKVD troops were awarded orders and medals. According to the latest data, 306 Heroes of the Soviet Union were counted, including 4 twice Heroes, who at various times served in the NKVD troops. 29 soldiers for their accomplished feats are enrolled forever in the lists of military units.
For valor and combat skill, 18 formations and military units of the NKVD troops were awarded state awards or honorary titles.
Do not blame the NKVD - do not blame the Russian Guard
Here on the site, judging by many comments, there are a lot of admirers of Generalissimo Stalin I.V. In many matters I myself respect the results of his leadership of our country. So why then the NKVD troops, which performed tasks under Stalin, do not condemn, and the Russian Guard, which performs almost the same tasks as the NKVD troops, in our time are called "stranglers of freedom" and other bad epithets? I do not understand. Probably because now there is no Stalin and the corresponding repressive apparatus, and therefore you can say anything you like, and there will be nothing for you. And there are always people who are dissatisfied with any power, the so-called professional revolutionaries, who are always ready to fight for all the good against all the bad.
If the comparison with the NKVD troops is incorrect due to the fact that this is a different era, a different social system, then the comparison with the "Golden Eagle" and the internal troops of Ukraine of the Yanukovych period suggests itself.
Like there, i.e. in Ukraine, the OUN-UPA militants (banned in Russia) from the western regions, galloping, rallying, the bulk of journalists and Internet warriors belonged to the employees of the "Golden Eagle", everyone remembers. All adequate people in Russia sympathized with the employees of the "Golden Eagle" and the soldiers of the internal troops of Ukraine at that time. Remember how you met the employees of the "Golden Eagle" in the Crimea - as heroes. So, the Crimean "Golden Eagle" now - also a division of the Russian Guard.
I’ll ask a simple question: who of those present on this site personally was beaten with batons or something else by the employees of the Russian Guard? In general, 70-80 percent of expressions on the Internet in various forums are based either on emotions or technology (the so-called training manuals or using various bot programs, stuffing false articles), there are also many cliches, for example, “squads”, “ war with own people ”,“ punishers ”,“ guardsmen ”and other no less offensive epithets. There are very few logical arguments - there are practically none.
The classic of color revolutions
A classic of all “color revolutions” is that it is necessary to force the authorities to abandon the legal right to use violence against crowds that violate established laws.
If the law enforcement agencies cease to fulfill their duties of maintaining order, then chaos will ensue in the country, from which ordinary people will suffer to a greater degree, for which the super-democratic opposition just advocate. According to the methods of the Ukrainian Maidan, and not only Ukrainian, during the mass protests, their organizers need the so-called. sacred sacrifices to increase the degree of protests and other issues necessary to undermine the state, etc., and sacrifices are possible when the government is weakened and does not control the situation.
I agree with the critics: the current leader, Army General V.V. Zolotov, spoiled the opinion about the Russian Guard very much, but even if you replace him with another, more honest, competent, etc., the tasks of the Russian Guard will not change and will not change will disappear.
You can’t associate the entire department, where hundreds of thousands of people serve, with one person, blame everyone for the fact that their leader is “thief”, “scoundrel”, etc. If you follow this logic, you can go far. For example, if one of the respected readers works in an organization, the director who was imprisoned for pedophilia, is this employee also a pedophile? That is, I want to say that the commander is fully responsible for his subordinates, and subordinates are not directly responsible for the actions of their commander.
In general, this is a topic for a separate article. But in short, the situation today is somewhat reminiscent of the end of the 80s - beginning of the 90s, only then the army and all the officers who served in it at that time were subjected to intensified persecution. In some cities of the USSR (and in the RSFSR, too), officers were ordered to go to and from service in civilian clothes. Now they are trying to poison not the army, but other law enforcement agencies plus all the officials without exception. I do not want to develop different conspiracy theories, but it all seems somehow very organized and coordinated.
The main thing is that before the merger into Rosguard, all the units included in it performed the same tasks as they do now, but they did not cause such excitement in the liberal public and in part of the strangely oriented patriotic public.
I understand that this article will incur the “righteous anger” of individual citizens. But there is hope for support too - sometimes I see comments on the site from people who use the symbols of the explosives as an avatar.
And I’m also wondering how many people in the comments personally will also call me “one of the watchdogs of the oligarchic power”, “the servant of the bloody regime” and other bad words. I must say right away that I don’t take offense at such people, because I think that I served, no matter how pathetic it may sound, to my Homeland and my people, and I couldn’t decide who was in power during my service .
The main tasks and composition of the Russian Guard
Everything stated in the section is easy to find on the Internet, but since not everyone likes to search for themselves, I made this section as a reference.
The troops of the National Guard are entrusted with the following tasks:
1) participation in the protection of public order, ensuring public safety;
2) protection of important state facilities, special cargoes, facilities on communications;
3) participation in the fight against terrorism and extremism;
4) participation in ensuring regimes of emergency, martial law, the legal regime of counter-terrorism operations;
5) participation in the territorial defense of the Russian Federation;
6) assisting the border authorities of the federal security service in protecting the State border of the Russian Federation;
7) federal state control (supervision) over compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of turnover weapons and in the field of private security and private detective activities, as well as for ensuring the security of the fuel and energy complex, for the activities of security units of legal entities with special statutory tasks and departments of departmental security;
8) protection of particularly important and sensitive facilities, facilities subject to mandatory protection by the troops of the national guard, protection of property of individuals and legal entities under agreements;
9) ensuring by the decision of the President of the Russian Federation the security of senior officials of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and other persons.
The composition of the national guard of the Russian Federation:
1. Unions, military units and organizations of the VNG of Russia, directly subordinate to the director of the Russian Guard (for example, ODON named after F.E.Dzerzhinsky).
2. Educational organizations of higher education of the VNG of Russia.
3. Territorial bodies of the Russian Guard at the interregional level (special purpose centers).
4. As part of the districts of the troops of the national guard of the Russian Federation:
- formations, military units for operational purposes (in structure - the same motorized rifle, only without heavy weapons and air defense);
- Units, military units for the protection of important state facilities (protection of closed cities, nuclear power plants, some military plants, etc.);
- military units and special forces and reconnaissance (special forces, separate reconnaissance battalions);
- special motorized military units (are in the process of disbanding);
- military training units;
- aviation military units;
- naval military units.
5. As part of the territorial bodies of the Russian Guard at the regional level (main departments, departments, divisions of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation):
- FKGU of private security of the VNG of Russia (departments, departments of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation);
- other units.
The military formations and organizations of the VNG of Russia of regional subordination, as well as the territorial bodies of the Russian Guard at the regional level, are deployed in eight constituencies of the national guard of the Russian Federation:
1. Central Orsha-Khingan Red Banner District of the National Guard of the Russian Federation.
2. North Caucasian District of the National Guard of the Russian Federation.
3. The Eastern District of the National Guard of the Russian Federation.
4. Siberian District of the National Guard of the Russian Federation.
5. Ural district troops of the national guard of the Russian Federation.
6. Volga district troops of the national guard of the Russian Federation.
7. Southern District of the National Guard of the Russian Federation.
8. North-West Order of the Red Star District of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation.
(Data from open sources.)