Military Review

In the name of mobility. Wheel armored personnel carrier-amphibious ACV

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The US Marine Corps, which is the rapid reaction force that Washington uses around the planet, will change significantly in the next decade. Part of these changes will be the ACV-P amphibious armored personnel carrier with an 8x8 wheel arrangement. It’s already known that within a decade, the US Marine Corps will part with its tanks and significantly reduce the amount of manned aviationwhile increasing the number of unmanned aerial vehicles and ground-based missile systems weapons. According to The National Interest, the goal of all the changes to the US Marine Corps is to create a more mobile strike force that can withstand the Chinese threat in the Pacific.


The new wheeled floating armored vehicles will have to replace the AAV-7 tracked amphibious amphibious vehicle, the first samples of which were adopted by the United States in 1972. Plans to replace the AAV (Amphibious Assault Vehicle) have existed for a long time. What exactly will change the floating tracked vehicles, it became finally clear on July 19, 2018, when the winner of the tender for the creation of a new combat vehicle for the US Marine Corps was announced. The winner was the 8-wheel ACV amphibious vehicle (Amphibious Combat Vehicle, an amphibious combat vehicle), created by BAE Systems in collaboration with Iveco Defense Vehicles.

Initially, US Marines will receive one hundred and sixteen ACVs


The first batch of new ACV amphibious combat vehicles, the appearance of which makes them similar to most modern armored personnel carriers, massively adopted by NATO countries, was made back in 2016. It was then that BAE Systems provided the military with a pre-production batch of 16 vehicles for testing in various parts of the United States in the south and north of the country.

In the name of mobility. Wheel armored personnel carrier-amphibious ACV

The fact that it was BAE Systems that won the tender for the supply of new amphibious armored vehicles for the Marine Corps is not surprising. The company has many years of experience in the design and manufacture of amphibious combat vehicles and is a leading supplier of military equipment, producing more than 100 thousand different combat vehicles that have been distributed around the world. It was BAE Systems and its predecessors that, for more than 70 years, starting in 1941, supplied all amphibious combat vehicles that were adopted by the ILC. At the same time, the development was carried out in conjunction with another major market player - the company Iveco Defense Vehicles, which specializes in the creation of armored military vehicles and has already produced more than 30 thousand different armored vehicles.

In February 2020, BAE Systems Land & Armaments signed another contract with the US Marine Corps for the production of an additional 26 ACV amphibious combat vehicles for a total of $ 113,5 million. This batch is being built under the Low-Rate Initial Production (LRIP) program - initial production in small quantities. This is only the first part of the production and deployment phase of ACV amphibious armored personnel carriers. Within the framework of this program, the process of setting up serial production, preparation of production, personnel and equipment debugging, as well as the stage of initial operational tests and evaluation of manufactured machines will be carried out. In total, as part of the LRIP program, the American Marines will receive at least 116 ACV amphibious armored personnel carriers.

Operational and evaluation tests of the new ACV amphibious armored personnel carriers should be completed in 2020, after which the combat vehicle can be launched into large-scale production. The initial operational testing and IOT & E evaluation stage is an important stage before the launch of a weapon in large-scale production. During this stage, the Marines will operate new combat vehicles in conditions as close as possible to combat ones, testing equipment on different terrain, in different situations, solving realistic tasks that amphibians will have to perform in real combat operations. Also, this stage implies the training of servicemen, who must get a detailed understanding of the capabilities and features of the new combat vehicle, learn how to use and maintain it correctly.


It is also known that in the summer of 2019, the US Marine Corps allocated a total of $ 67 million to develop new options in the ACV amphibious combat vehicle family. So far, all armored combat vehicles ordered for the KMP are being built in the ACV-P version of the armored personnel carrier. It is already known that BAE Systems and Iveco Defense Vehicles are actively working on three more ACV variants: the ACV-C command-and-control vehicle, the ACV-R armored recovery and recovery vehicle, and the ACV-30 version with enhanced weapons. The latter option will receive a combat module with a 30-mm automatic gun, most likely a Mk cannon. 44 Bushmaster II.

Technical capabilities of combat amphibious ACV


The ACV amphibious combat vehicle is a highly mobile, highly adaptable platform with enhanced security and survivability. The main purpose of this armored fighting vehicle is to conduct fast landing ship-to-shore operations. The armored car feels great in open water. It is assumed that the emergence of such equipment will increase the combat power of the US Marine units on the battlefield.

When creating the ACV, the designers abandoned their previous experience, since the AAV7 landing craft, which was in service with the US Marine Corps, was tracked. Now we are talking about a wheeled combat platform. For ACV, engineers chose a four-axle scheme with an 8x8 wheel arrangement. According to the assurances of the developers, in this embodiment, they managed to achieve a better combination of all the basic qualities that are presented today to such military equipment. New combat vehicles can boast the best amphibious capabilities, including when operating in the open ocean, better mobility and mobility on land, increased survivability, increased payload. It is separately noted that the new combat platform has growth potential, which will help in the future adapt armored vehicles to the changing operational needs of the US Marine Corps.


The full technical specifications of the new model of armored vehicles are still not known. At the same time, we can already say that the AAV-7 tracked amphibious amphibian was not a small product, since the combat weight of the machine, depending on the modification, was from 23 to 29 tons. The new wheeled amphibious armored combat vehicle ACV weighs even more - about 30,6 tons, and this is not a case of a variant with artillery weapons that are still under development.

At the same time, the landing capabilities of ACV are noticeably more modest. If the crew of tracked AAV-7 was three people, and the number of transported paratroopers reached 25, then a new amphibian with the same number of crew members (commander, driver, gunner-operator of weapons) can carry only up to 13 paratroopers. True, not only with all the weapons, but also, according to the manufacturer, with a two-day supply of all necessary supplies and ammunition.

It is easy to imagine that the entire "excess" mass of the new combat vehicle went to build up its armor and protect it from various weapons. In this sense, ACV repeats the general trend of increasing the survivability of armored military equipment and increasing the security of the crew and landing. With an increase in armor and combat mass, the car retains excellent buoyancy and amphibious qualities, which it has already managed to confirm during the exercises, including with a sea wave of three points. According to the developers, the ACV’s ability to land from ship to shore is better than any other landing vehicle in the world. For propulsion, there are two propellers on board. At the same time, during the development it was taken into account that amphibians should easily overcome up to 10 miles in water, which allows them to drop ACV at a great distance from the coast.


An important feature of the armored vehicle is the increased mine explosive protection. In this regard, this is a full-fledged MRAP only with serious armor that protects against large-caliber small arms and fragments of shells and mines. The bottom of the ACV amphibious armored personnel carrier is V-shaped and further reinforced. At the same time, all the landing seats are suspended; they are not attached to the bottom of the armored personnel carrier, which increases the protection of the marines when they are detonated by a mine or a homemade mine.

The length of the ACV combat vehicle is approximately 9 meters, the height is just over three meters. The landing is carried out through the ramp in the rear of the hull. With a declared combat weight of 30,6 tons, the maximum payload is estimated at 3,3 tons. The car received a diesel engine with a capacity of 690 hp. The power plant capacity is enough to disperse amphibian on land to a speed of 105 km / h, and on water - up to 11 km / h. Cruising on the highway is approximately 500 km. As weapons, the ACV-P can be equipped with a remotely controlled combat module with a large 12,7 mm M2 machine gun or a 40 mm Mk automatic grenade launcher. 47.
Author:
Photos used:
US Marine Corps (www.marines.mil)
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  1. svp67
    svp67 April 1 2020 06: 31 New
    +8
    The length of the ACV combat vehicle is approximately 9 meters, the height is just over three meters.
    Such a normal "hut on chicken legs", moving at a speed of up to 105 km per hour ... and even swims and is not afraid of mines, just a DREAM OF THE SEA
    1. bk0010
      bk0010 April 1 2020 10: 23 New
      +2
      IMHO, AAV7 was better: on wheels it will be hard to go ashore.
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 1 2020 11: 53 New
        +1
        Quote: bk0010
        IMHO, AAV7 was better: on wheels it will be hard to go ashore.

        The modern "wheel drive" is already very close to the "tracks" in cross-country ability. I dropped the pressure in the wheels and crawled
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh April 1 2020 12: 18 New
        +3
        It's right. On the caterpillar it was easier to land. But then it’s bad to fight.
        This will be more moody on the beach, but it looks like a modern infantry fighting vehicle.
        And it will be easier to fight at a distance from the coast.
  2. Free wind
    Free wind April 1 2020 07: 17 New
    -2
    Damn 30 tons, the protection level is like that of the t-34, how can you swim on it.
  3. Cowbra
    Cowbra April 1 2020 07: 33 New
    +2
    According to The National Interest, the goal of all the changes to the US Marine Corps is to create a more mobile strike force that can withstand the Chinese threat in the Pacific.

    ... By forming from a full-fledged army with heavy weapons - light infantry, which, in addition, was tasked with fighting enemy ships in a region controlled by China with the help of close-range anti-ship missiles))) I read about this development strategy, it's ridiculous. Grandfather Banzai and hares.
    PiSi: but why the heck is this bucket already 4 antennas?
    1. AlexVas44
      AlexVas44 April 1 2020 09: 06 New
      +3
      Quote: Cowbra
      But why the heck is this bucket already 4 antennas?

      Wifi sir! soldier good
    2. neri73-r
      neri73-r April 1 2020 09: 08 New
      +3
      Quote: Cowbra
      By forming a full-fledged army with heavy weapons - light infantry, which, in addition, was tasked with fighting enemy ships in a region controlled by China with close-range anti-ship missiles))) I read about this development strategy, it's ridiculous. Grandfather Banzai and hares.

      Here, I agree with you, to somehow remove heavy weapons in order to fight the Chinese, somehow it does not fit.
    3. Lopatov
      Lopatov April 1 2020 09: 33 New
      +2
      No, everything is quite adequate. This is enough to capture and control the islands.
      And there’s no fooling around on the mainland.
      Even the United States cannot afford to have an army that the Chinese could not "throw corpses"
    4. Private-K
      Private-K April 1 2020 11: 38 New
      +1
      1. The command of the ILC of the United States does not want to allow them to stand up to fight with heavily armed armored vehicles. Therefore, it is better to lighten up and declare yourself as a tool for working on warm marine theater. And the armored vehicles that they will meet there can be reliably knocked out by aviation, artillery, ATGM missiles, helicopters ...
      2. 4 antennas because there is not just a radio station, but a whole complex of communications and automated control. The presence of two or even three transceivers is already the norm.
      1. Cowbra
        Cowbra April 1 2020 11: 56 New
        +1
        Quote: Private-K
        The command of the ILC of the United States does not want to allow them to be framed to fight with heavily armed armored vehicles.

        Previously, everything was allowed, now sharply did not want to? What has changed? In addition to financing, which they seem to have chopped off)))
        Quote: Private-K
        The presence of two or even three transceivers is already the norm.

        But I can’t understand this. It's one thing, since directional transmission ... But there are other antennas. The rest is made easier. Analogue - there is one wire from the mini-ATS, and to it - dofiga and another bow bag, consider the same analogue of the antennas)
        1. Private-K
          Private-K April 2 2020 10: 40 New
          0
          Quote: Cowbra
          Previously, everything was allowed, now sharply did not want to? What has changed? In addition to financing, which they seem to have chopped off)))

          No, it was not allowed. In the most difficult years of the Cold War, expeditionary brigades of the USMK were supposed to be used exclusively on the so-called low-tank flanked theater of operations - like Sev. Norway.
          The only place where the USMK could meet with the armored hordes was the Gulf War 1991, when the MP divisions allocated a section for attacking Iraq. And, here they are, the Amer marines calmly, on foot, marched through the ideal terrain for tanks and armored vehicles without ever encountering these hordes. Why? The hordes turned out to be preliminary, before the infantry proper, were knocked out by helicopters, aircraft, artillery.
          Subsequently, tank armor decreased only. And in general, due to the saturation of the current armies with a bunch of all kinds of armored weapons, there is no tank danger for them.
          USMK financing don't cut. USMK Command redistributes finance.

          I am not a communications specialist, but on a combat vehicle, according to "modern standards of a civilized society" (tm), there should be:
          - radio station (general purpose),
          - a receiver or a second radio station (for the company network),
          - Tactical ASUV radio station.
          It is also possible to install a network radio station; Well, the presence of the crew of small-sized wearable radio stations for short-distance communications.
          And in general, if before the military did not have time to fill the troops with new radio stations, as the next generation appeared, now, the military does not even have time to really think about how to use the opportunities that have appeared, as new ones appear. Such a time.
          1. Cowbra
            Cowbra April 2 2020 17: 03 New
            -1
            Quote: Private-K
            I'm not special in communications, but in combat

            From it a colander - and on a poop winked
            You just don't know how much
            I ona - special communication) She sill ... but! And quietly
          2. Cowbra
            Cowbra April 4 2020 09: 33 New
            -2
            Quote: Private-K
            In the most difficult years of the Cold War

            ... They had armor ... You, of course, described the classics of the tasks of light infantry, but I still remember that they also have "airburn". It is not at all an analogue of our Airborne Forces, but also precisely the airborne assault, and this is precisely what the light infantry is. Do you know the 101st? Funny guys, crossed paths, but thank God only in army competitions. More precisely, one. Hmm. Strong. Well, at one time they had a problem with the fact that it was precisely because of the lungs. So quite a bit, they and Delta formed. Spetsnaz is not spetsnaz, but tasks have been performed more than once, or rather, they have tried - tasks of light infantry
  4. Private-K
    Private-K April 1 2020 11: 41 New
    +1
    No, the car is cool. hi Although there is nothing outstanding regarding seaworthiness. request
    But here are the dimensions ... wassat
  5. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U April 1 2020 15: 53 New
    -1
    As the Americans climbed onto Piranha, they warmed themselves on it and did not want to get off.