Military Review

Trap for aviation of the Russian Aerospace Forces or suspiciousness of the media? Long arm Patriot PAC-2/3


As fluent monitoring showed news the agendas of some of the military analytical sites of the Runet, announced a week earlier by competent sources in the Iraqi security service and the Central Command of the US Armed Forces (CENTCOM) the deployment of the expeditionary corps of the US Armed Forces from several Patriot PAC-2/3 batteries in the vicinity of Heath was met with a surge of alarmist notes and comments from both observers and journalistic communities, who saw in this event no less

“The threat of formation of a no-fly zone for tactical aviation Russian Aerospace Forces in the airspace of Syria. "

Indeed, starting from the source news material appearing in the Middle East media space, where the Iraqi-Syrian border area is indicated as the main location for the Patriot deployed anti-aircraft missile divisions, a technically uninformed journalist can come to the unequivocal conclusion that unhindered operation of multi-functional bombers Su-34 and multi-role fighters Su-35S in the southeastern sectors of the airspace of Syria put under question with. Moreover, as the main argument in favor of this kind of statement, only one parameter of the Patriot PAC-2 air defense system will be used - the range of targets intercepted by the MIM-104C missile system, which is about 160 km.

The "long arm" of the American "Patriots" is effective only in work on medium-high and high-rise objects

At first glance, such a range of action provides the Patriot’s combat crews with the possibility of forming an air defense zone for restricting and denying access and maneuver A2 / AD in Syrian airspace up to the province of Hama, preventing the hypothetical tactical aviation of the Russian and Syrian air forces from reaching the lines of fire US military military infrastructure covering the Al Omar oil field, the Khusham gas field, and a number of oil fields and oil refineries in the eastern the bank of the Euphrates. In reality, the potential of the Patriot PAC-2/3 anti-aircraft missile divisions deployed in Iraq in erecting anti-aircraft “umbrellas” over the Syrian theater is not so great.

In particular, if the Patriot PAC-2 anti-aircraft missile batteries are deployed in the Iraqi city of Akashat (in order to cover the 55-kilometer "security zone" around the KMP and US MTR fortifications near Al-Tanf), the anti-air "umbrella" they erected will be cover exclusively the mid-altitude and high-altitude sectors of the ATS airspace above the central and northern regions of the Homs province, while the low-altitude sectors (70–200 m) will remain outside the range of the AN / APQ-53/65 battery multi-function radars, the range of the radio zones and for which it is about 65 km when operating on targets operating at an altitude of 150 m. Therefore, equipped with semi-active radar homing heads and requiring continuous illumination from the MPQ-53/65 radars, the MIM-104C anti-aircraft missiles will pose a certain threat to the operating in low-altitude regime of Russian tactical aviation only at a distance of 50-60 km (within the radio horizon of the MR / AN-MPQ-65).

And this is not to mention a significant decrease in the stability of route tracking and “capture” for the precise auto-tracking of our Su-30SM, Su-35S and Su-34 via MPQ-65 on-load tap-changers due to interference from the Khibiny electronic warfare container systems located on Suspension nodes After all, it is well known that the MPQ-53/65 line of radars represented by passive phased antenna arrays (with a single source of microwave amplification based on a klystron) have a significantly lower noise immunity compared to promising AFAR radars of the 3DELRR and AN / TPS-80 G / type ATOR, each transceiver module of which has its own gallium nitride microwave transistor and attenuator (these radars have not yet gained operational combat readiness and have not been attached to the Patriots batteries as an additional source of targeting knowledge).

As for the MIM-104F PAC-3MSE anti-aircraft guided missile interceptors, which are part of the Patriot PAC-3MSE air defense system and are capable of intercepting highly maneuverable over-the-horizon air attack means thanks to equipping Ka-band active radar seekers (by target designation from E-aircraft DRLOiU E- 3C / G and airborne radars of tactical fighters), then they will not allow the calculations of the American "Patriots" to close the airspace over the southern regions of the SAR for tactical aviation of the Russian air forces. And the whole catch here is that the range of the MIM-104F PAC-3MSE missiles for ultra-low-altitude targets does not exceed 65–70 km, which is due to the presence of a less powerful and long-lasting solid propellant solid propellant rocket charge (in comparison with the MIM-104C / D / E), and also higher aerodynamic drag in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, which imposes severe restrictions on this interceptor during work on aerodynamic objects.

The only objective conclusion suggests itself: even in the case of deploying a mixed anti-aircraft missile system based on the Patriot PAC-2 and Patriot PAC-3MSE air defense systems near the Iraqi-Syrian border, an impressive low-altitude “unobservable” loophole will remain at the disposal of the Russian airborne forces for air operations over the central and southern regions of Syria. If we take into account that the Patriots will be deployed exclusively in the area of ​​the Iraqi city of Heath (more than 200 km from the Iraqi-Syrian border), then the mid-altitude as well as high-altitude sectors of the Syrian airspace will remain completely safe for operating Russian tactical aircraft deployed on Avb Khmeimim.
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  1. Bastinda
    Bastinda 28 March 2020 06: 40 New
    I’m far from an expert, but if our planes in Syria start to make their way "an impressive low-altitude" unobservable "loophole" loopholes will remain at the disposal of the Russian Aerospace Forces, then this can end very badly ...
    1. lwxx
      lwxx 28 March 2020 07: 02 New
      I think no one will fly through any loopholes. They will act as our "partners from the promised land" - they will launch rockets from the adjacent territory. Allegedly, on the bases of terrorists, they missed, it happens.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 28 March 2020 08: 49 New
        Quote: lwxx
        I think no one will fly through any loopholes. They will act as our "partners from the promised land" - they will launch rockets from the adjacent territory. Allegedly, on the bases of terrorists, they missed, it happens.

        There, even without our “mistakes”, Iraqi Shaabists regularly reclaim their bases from homemade products against which Patriot is powerless.
    2. TermNachTer
      TermNachTer 28 March 2020 12: 33 New
      Departure from medium altitudes will put our aircraft under MANPADS attacks.
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 28 March 2020 07: 08 New
    Deployment of a US Patriotic PAC-2/3 anti-aircraft missile system of several batteries in the vicinity of the town of Heath was greeted by a surge of alarmist notes ...
    What, what, and alarmist and even provocative notes are enough, and not only in foreign media. Our "liberal lights" of permissiveness with great enthusiasm pick up speculation, and often fiction of foreign so-called "experts" and begin to replicate while experiencing an indescribable ecstasy. In this case, the author at least in conclusion reassured the reader
    mid-altitude as well as high-altitude sectors of Syrian airspace will remain completely safe for operating Russian tactical aircraft deployed at the Khmeimim Avb
  3. Sergey_G_M
    Sergey_G_M 28 March 2020 09: 06 New
    I do not understand what you are boiling?
    If the Americans will bring down ours, then ours will start to bring down the amers. In such a situation, the amers who remained in Syria without air support will suddenly go awry - i.e. the alignment is not in favor of the amers, which means they will not go for it.
    Why the Russian Air Force should in Syria for some damn loopholes crawl! In general, what kind of bullshit was it, the Americans so far only poisoned their mongrel at us in Syria (the Turks shot down a plane and Israel is different periodically) if the Americans themselves shoot at our hz. how it might end.
    1. Chaldon48
      Chaldon48 28 March 2020 13: 26 New
      It will be a local but large-scale conflict
    2. Varaga
      Varaga 30 March 2020 03: 37 New
      This will end in a no-fly zone. And the Americans understand this very well. Therefore, they will not make such a mistake. But to equip MANPADS of the barmalei or the Turks to "get on with it" is easy.
  4. NEXUS
    NEXUS 28 March 2020 09: 08 New
    That is, Eugene wants to say that the mattresses will try to shoot down our planes? Seriously? It remains to ask what the author smokes in the morning.
    1. Stas-90
      Stas-90 28 March 2020 19: 57 New
      Quote: NEXUS
      Eugene wants to say that the mattresses will try to shoot down our planes? Seriously? It remains to ask what the author smokes in the morning.

      Interesting. And what do we smoke in our gene. The headquarters when the S-400 was deployed at Hmeimim? Is it against the barmalei? Do not make me laugh.
      So against whom? That's right - in case the United States and its allies begin to peck Hmeimim. So what are you saying, Nexus? In the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, too, got stoned?
      Take and declare zone A2AD. And there, if you like, fly, if you don’t fly, you were warned.
      And fly low, like in the blind zone, so barmalei or American ichthamnets with stingers can land. Amer such a deal is even better - like they did not shoot down.
      1. nPuBaTuP
        nPuBaTuP 29 March 2020 07: 38 New
        and this is so that there would be no different surprises like the Iranians shelling mattresses bases in Iraq ... well, as they say, that it was ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
  5. Operator
    Operator 28 March 2020 10: 49 New
    Author - US troops are already withdrawing from Iraq due to coronavirus laughing
  6. YOUR
    YOUR 28 March 2020 12: 08 New
    The maximum firing range of Patriot SAM MIM-104A is 100 km. Well, what’s the matter if the Patriots intend to set 200 km from the border.
    Well, the author Yevgeny Damantsev, as always, issued it. Just ... no words
    And the whole catch here is that the range of the MIM-104F PAC-3MSE missiles for ultra-low-altitude targets does not exceed 65-70 km

    The whole catch is that the Earth is round, and they have not yet learned how to shoot guided missiles beyond the horizon. So we take the formula and believe that at the exit on the target at an altitude of 50 meters we can work out no further than 35 km and you can only find out at very low altitudes, we need some designation, but we will consider the height of 15 meters from the Tomahawk checkpoint, the detection range is reduced up to 20-15 km
    1. sgrabik
      sgrabik 29 March 2020 14: 21 New
      At the very first use of the Patriots, ours can also quickly destroy them with the help of the Caliber, they work perfectly for point targets, which has been repeatedly demonstrated in Syria, and we also have quite enough airborne anti-radar missiles.
  7. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav 28 March 2020 15: 13 New
    I lagged behind a long time ago, but what now does a microwave transistor replace a magnetron? like afar does not use a magnetron?
  8. rotkiv04
    rotkiv04 28 March 2020 16: 45 New
    Of course, they can place it, but they will not risk shooting down, unless of course they want to start a war, which means the whole world is in ruin
  9. Imperial Technocrat
    Imperial Technocrat 28 March 2020 18: 01 New
    Patriot - Junk
  10. Polymer
    Polymer 28 March 2020 19: 20 New
    Evgeny Damantsev, it seems to me, is a very cunning and serious saboteur. His articles are always full of abbreviations, numbers and not all clear terms. But behind all this tinsel there is always a goal to show the superiority of American arms over Russian ones. This is a clear intention to demoralize the enemy - in this case, the readers of VO. This is my personal opinion.
    1. maidan.izrailovich
      maidan.izrailovich 30 March 2020 12: 32 New
      This is a clear intention to demoralize the enemy - in this case, the readers of VO.

      Victory over divan troops, dubious achievement. laughing
      1. Polymer
        Polymer 30 March 2020 12: 50 New
        Quote: maidan.izrailovich
        dubious achievement

        Yes, the flight is not too high. But you can’t get the current military articles on VO - they have their own sources of information. And misinformation too, by the way.
        However, such an activity may also matter. The military should have a strong rear, and if the "sofa troops" begin to doubt them, then the reliability of the rear falls.
  11. steelmaker
    steelmaker 28 March 2020 21: 23 New
    Just the United States and Turkey encircle Russia in Syria. The time will come - HIT!
  12. Maximilian37
    Maximilian37 29 March 2020 10: 08 New
    I, as a person very far from military affairs, but interested in this, I want to ask knowledgeable people. If the plane is irradiated or taken "to capture", then some kind of instruments are squealed from the pilot in the cockpit, so you can irradiate from abroad, and let the man-portable air defense system close by. The pilot may not be aware of this. If not a state secret, are there such options for the development of events?
  13. huntsman650
    huntsman650 29 March 2020 11: 05 New
    Anti-radar missiles destroy radars with a bang. Patriots will not be able to work on them. When a duckling of Georgia destroyed the radar, air supremacy began)))
  14. Varaga
    Varaga 30 March 2020 03: 24 New
    Yes, pindas will not work on our videoconferencing. All this fuss against Syrian aircraft. Here, the Americans will work on them without hesitation, in the case of "what." And against our "mattresses" will arm the barmaley. Or maybe the Turks will “seduce”.