Military Review

In Russia, tests of individual elements of the S-500 air defense system are nearing completion

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In Russia, tests of individual elements of the S-500 air defense system are nearing completion

In Russia, tests of individual elements of the new generation S-500 anti-aircraft missile system are nearing completion. This was announced by the Director General of the Design Bureau of Special Engineering (part of the Almaz-Antey East-Kazakhstan Concern) Vladimir Dolbenkov in an interview with the Russian Defense magazine.


According to Dolbenkov, in the framework of the Triumfator-M development and testing department, individual elements of the latest S-500 Prometheus air defense system are being tested. The next step is to test the whole system.

(...) the company's specialists created the units of the latest generation of Triumfator-M mobile anti-aircraft missile system. (...) tests of units of an anti-aircraft missile system are being completed: a launcher, components of a multifunctional locator and a missile defense system, an equipped chassis for a combat control point, transport units for a radar early warning system

- he said.

The preliminary tests of the most important elements of the S-500 - the radar system (RLC) and the multifunctional radar station (radar) - were reported in April last year. The final stage of radar testing took place on the basis of the 185th Center for combat training and combat use of the airborne forces, located in the Astrakhan region.

As Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko said earlier, according to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, preliminary tests of the system will begin in 2020. The state armament program provides for the S-500 air defense system to be put on combat duty since 2025, however, the pace of tests can confidently say that the system will go into service earlier.

C-500 - a new generation of air-to-air systems "ground-to-air" - a universal complex of long-range and high-altitude interception with increased missile defense potential. The system, which is being developed by JSC Concern East Kazakhstan Almaz-Antey, will become the basis of a unified national air defense and missile defense system (air defense-missile defense), created in Russia. The complex is easily integrated into a single system with previous-generation air defense systems and other models of Russian production.

According to available information, the minimum set of equipment for the C-500 Prometheus will consist of a command and control center with an automatic control system (AMS), a radar complex, a multipurpose radar of the backlight and up to 12 launchers of BAZ or MW system.
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  1. Aleks2048
    Aleks2048 26 March 2020 11: 21 New
    +4
    I wonder how much C500 is needed for an adequate defense of Russia? Well, what is the price of a complete set, also interesting.
    1. Roman12345678
      Roman12345678 26 March 2020 11: 24 New
      +7
      And what is meant by adequate defense ??
      We have it now without the S-500 is quite adequate ..
      1. Aleks2048
        Aleks2048 26 March 2020 11: 30 New
        +3
        And what is meant by adequate defense ??
        We have it now without the S-500 is quite adequate ..

        I'm not saying that today is not adequate. I mean how much C500 is needed to ensure the security of the Russian Federation. Of course you can’t spoil the porridge with butter. But this is not about some kind of pistol or machine gun, the C500 will obviously not be cheap in production and in operation. So it’s curious about what kind of amounts we are talking about.
        1. Roman12345678
          Roman12345678 26 March 2020 11: 35 New
          -2
          I mean how much C500 is needed to ensure the security of the Russian Federation


          What is meant by security ??
          We still have it without the S-500.

          Maybe you want an option when no rocket can reach and fall to our territory ?? So this is not possible in principle ..
          1. Sky strike fighter
            Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 11: 41 New
            +2
            What is meant by security ??
            We still have it without the S-500.
            .
            Well, if only conditionally, under the threat of mutual destruction.
        2. Vadim237
          Vadim237 26 March 2020 11: 57 New
          +3
          You can count the minimum per division for each major city or industrial district.
        3. Ros 56
          Ros 56 26 March 2020 13: 26 New
          0
          So the S-500 is just a plus to the entire air defense system available at the moment. I think the goal is to close the air and not very much, the space over the country in all directions by at least 100%, and even better by all 150-200%, moreover, layered and even with overlapping. Maybe I'm wrong.
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 26 March 2020 22: 46 New
            0
            Divisions 60 to 2035 will be purchased
      2. Sky strike fighter
        Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 11: 36 New
        +7
        Quote: Roman12345678
        And what is meant by adequate defense ??
        We have it now without the S-500 is quite adequate ..

        Adequate defense against the massive strikes of ICBMs and SLBMs at the moment is not in any country in the world, including the United States.
      3. yuliatreb
        yuliatreb 26 March 2020 11: 41 New
        10
        Adequate defense is when the operator has passed medical examination, a narcologist and psychologist. wassat
        1. Voyager
          Voyager 26 March 2020 15: 50 New
          +1
          This is not enough. Practice shows that for a long time it is time to check with idiologists.
    2. kjhg
      kjhg 26 March 2020 11: 30 New
      +1
      Quote: Alex2048
      I wonder how much C500 is needed for an adequate defense of Russia?

      A lot of.
      Quote: Alex2048
      Well, what is the price of a complete set, also interesting.

      In order to find out, it must first be developed and adopted.
      For those with poor memory:
      08.04.20011g The S-500 anti-aircraft missile system will be adopted by the Russian Air Force in 2015. This, as reported by RIA Novosti, said Deputy General Director of the Almaz-Antey Design Bureau Yuri Soloviev. According to him, "the system will appear in 2015-2016." “Work is ongoing as long as there are problems with the element base,” Soloviev added. Earlier, First Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Vladimir Popovkin said that in 2015 tests of the new complex will begin /

      The fact that in Russia the creation of the S-500 was announced in 2009. Then it became known that the development is planned to be completed in 2012. According to the commander of the Operational and Strategic Command of the Aerospace Defense, Lieutenant General Valery Ivanov, serial production of the S-500 will begin in 2014 .. https: //www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/v-2015-godu- Rossiya-primet-na-vooruzhenie-zrk-s-500-08-04-2011-13-48-00

      And now:
      November 26.03.2020, XNUMX In Russia, tests of individual elements of the new generation S-500 anti-aircraft missile system are nearing completion. This was announced by the Director General of the Design Bureau of Special Engineering (part of the Almaz-Antey East-Kazakhstan Concern) Vladimir Dolbenkov in an interview with the journal Russian Defense.
      As Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko previously stated, according to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, preliminary tests of the system will begin in 2020. The state armament program provides for the staging of the S-500 air defense system on combat duty since 2025

      We’ve been discussing it for ten years! I understand that optimism is needed, but in such quantity it already looks like a diagnosis - "brain optimism"
    3. Sky strike fighter
      Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 11: 33 New
      +3
      Quote: Alex2048
      I wonder how much C500 is needed for an adequate defense of Russia? Well, what is the price of a complete set, also interesting.

      It’s a lot. The S-500 system is created to intercept ICBMs, SLBMs and their separable warheads for individual guidance. According to START-3, I think each of them has up to 1550, but I could be wrong. Plus, the interception of hypersonic missiles in the long term and, if necessary, the infantry fighting systems deployed by different countries around our borders.
      1. WHAT IS
        WHAT IS 26 March 2020 11: 44 New
        +9
        For 18 years, I barely found this:
        Experts estimated the cost of the C-500 complex Prometey.
        Promising S-500 air defense missile system "Prometey", which claims to be the most long-range air defense system in the world (the proposed range of the S-500 "Prometheus" air defense system is 600 kilometers - note ed.), Can be incredibly expensive. Considering the fact that for today the cost of one division of the ZRKS-400 "Triumph" is about 500 million dollars, and according to data presented in a number of sources ("Sina", "Express"), the price of the C-500 "Prometey" will be higher in 4-5 times, it is logical to assume that the cost of one division will be about 2 - 2,5 billion dollars.
        On the other hand, experts compared the capabilities of the latest Russian air defense system and the American missile defense system THAAD. With relatively limited capabilities, the American THAAD system and the cost of almost $ 3 billion (including radar - approx. Ed.), The Russian S-500 complex will still be 1,5 times cheaper, especially since this system Air defense can intercept missiles moving at hypersonic speed,

        Read more at: http://avia.pro/news/specialisty-rasskazali-skolko-budet-stoit-zrk-s-500
        1. Sky strike fighter
          Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 11: 50 New
          +3
          Only here the ceiling of the THAAD air defense system’s capabilities is to intercept the ballistic missile, but not the ICBMs and SLBMs and their homing missiles. So, THAAD must be compared with the S-400 and S-300B4, which can also intercept the ballistic missile defense.
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 26 March 2020 11: 58 New
            +2
            Warheads of individual guidance of ICBMs entering the atmosphere and both can hit.
            1. Sky strike fighter
              Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 12: 06 New
              -3
              Quote: Vadim237
              Warheads of individual guidance of ICBMs entering the atmosphere and both can hit.

              THAAD will not intercept the RGH IN. They have a speed of 7 km / s, especially if they are planning hypersonic units.
              if the Indian air defense forces, in the case of the purchase of the THAAD complex, try to shoot down fighters, then they will not succeed. The fact is that this complex is designed to intercept ballistic missiles that fly along a predictable trajectory without maneuvering. The missile defense copes well with medium-range and operational tactical missiles, here the probability of interception is 0,9. But the defense against intercontinental ballistic missiles is clearly weak - the probability of their interception by a single missile defense is 10-15%.

              By the way, one American missile defense costs about $ 25 million. And for one THAAD battery from 6 launchers, the Indians would have to pay $ 2,5 billion. For comparison, a contract for the supply of China regiment set S-400, which lead 16 launchers, costs $ 3 billion.

              “American” is designed for transatmospheric interception - the maximum height for hitting targets using a kinetic warhead is 150-200 km. The interception range is 200 km. Radar with AFAR detects targets for 1000 km. Everything is very good here.

              https://newsland.com/user/4297655705/content/zrk-thaad-idet-na-perekhvat-zrs-s-400/6394606
            2. Sky strike fighter
              Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 12: 19 New
              +1
              The new missile (intercept altitude 185 km, intercept range up to 400 km) for the S-400 has an estimated speed of 4,8 km / s, which makes the S-400 one and a half times better than THAAD. Even if this figure is exaggerated, the new missile has a speed of not less than 3 - 3,5 km / s, which makes the S-400 at least equal to THAAD in terms of the capabilities of intercepting infantry fighting vehicles.
              1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
                Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 12: 33 New
                -8
                THAAD intercepted the ballistic missile warhead in tests, but the S-400 didn’t!
                And where is he equal?
                1. Piramidon
                  Piramidon 26 March 2020 13: 18 New
                  +4
                  Quote: Peter Tverdokhlebov
                  THAAD intercepted ballistic missile warhead on tests

                  When it was known at what time at what point the target would be. Goleted advertising.
          2. Lord of the Sith
            Lord of the Sith 26 March 2020 12: 48 New
            +5
            Have you seen the THAAD teachings, in the sense of reading how they conducted them? They injured a satellite with a beacon and shot down. I understand the teachings of hit efficiency. Firstly, warheads fly at a different speed, secondly they maneuver in height and horizon, and thirdly without lighthouses.
            1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
              Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 14: 59 New
              -4
              A link to a reputable American source where will it be said about the beacon?
              About maneuvering warheads, can you give more details on how many manned maneuvers a guided warhead can perform?
      2. Boratsagdiev
        Boratsagdiev 26 March 2020 12: 39 New
        0
        It will work in the near space, the range of tasks will also depend on missiles in the complex.
        In the future, it seemed to her that they wanted to replace the old missile defense system with A missiles.
    4. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 26 March 2020 12: 59 New
      +3
      The main air defense and missile defense falls on the S-300PM2, and now the S-400 30 regiments / 60 divisions / 480 Launchers. Each division covers 2 Armor-C1; in total 60 divisions covers 120 Armor-C1.
      And of course, various air defense systems like Tor-M2, Buk-M3, covering objects, such as industrial centers, nuclear power plants, large cities, military bases, airfields, warehouses, ports.
      Therefore, the S-500, there will be 6-8 divisions that will defend against the main possible routes of the enemy’s ICBMs. And then they will put on the secondary.
      1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
        Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 15: 04 New
        -6
        Airfield Ukrainka - Tu-95MS
        Airfield Belaya - Tu-22M3
        Shaykovka airfield - Tu-22M3
        Khurba Airfield - Su-34
        Airfield Morozovsk - Su-34
        Shatalovo airfield - Su-24
        Migalovo Airfield - IL-76
        On the territory of all the above airdromes are located the objects of the 12th Main Directorate, i.e. repair and maintenance facilities (storage facilities with nuclear charges).
        List the anti-aircraft missile battalions that cover these airfields?
        1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
          Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 16: 35 New
          -2
          It is interesting to all those who are minuscule me ignorant or impotent?
    5. Romario_Argo
      Romario_Argo 26 March 2020 14: 12 New
      0
      I wonder how much S-500 is needed for an adequate defense of Russia?

      The question is different and more important - what is the composition of the 500?
      for example:
      1st ultra-long-range missile defense division x 12 launchers x 2 missiles = 24 missiles 77N6-N / 1
      2nd long-range air defense division x 12 launchers x 4 missiles = 48 missiles 40N6M
      But will there be a 3rd medium-range division in the form of S-350 SAM missiles x 8 launchers x 12 missiles = 96 9M96E2 missiles
      or will this 3rd medium-range division go to the S-400?
      or will it be as a separate unit?
      1. Sky strike fighter
        Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 15: 53 New
        +1
        Most likely, there will be a separate S-500 air defense with missiles from S-400 (9M96D) and the latest missile to combat aerodynamic targets 40N6M and S-500 missiles with the latest 77N6-N and 77N6-H1, which seems to be the further development of the 53T6M missile. That is, the S-500 is two systems in the air defense and missile defense options. Most likely the radars are also different.

        Part of the missiles used in the system was borrowed from the S-400 air defense system. Three rockets designed specifically for Prometheus. The most powerful, which is designed to combat aeroballistic targets, is 40N6M, having a range of 600 km. The THAAD missile range is 3 times less - 200 km.

        Two more new missiles were developed at KB Fakel for ballistic purposes. These are 77Н6-Н and 77Н6-Н1. Their characteristics were not disclosed. It is only known that they cope not only with medium-range ballistic missiles, but also with ICBMs in the final section of their trajectory. And not only with the missiles themselves, but also with detached warheads of low visibility, the effective dispersion area of ​​which does not exceed 0,1 sq.m. In this case, the speed of the hit targets can reach 7 km / s.

        It is also known that 77Н6-Н and 77Н6-Н1 are unified with the Moscow missile defense system A-135 "Amur" 53T6M, which has no analogues in the world. She has unsurpassed energy saturation. Unique dynamic characteristics. Its maximum longitudinal overload is 210g, transverse - 90g. Launch range - up to 100 km, interception height - up to 30 km. However, the general designer of the development A.G. Basistov claims that the capabilities of the rocket are significantly higher. After completing state tests, he said: “The system showed significant reserves in all respects. 53T6 Lyulyev’s high-speed missile defense can defeat ballistic targets at ranges of 2,5 times greater and at heights of 3 times greater than we have now certified. The system is ready to fulfill the tasks of hitting low-orbit satellites, and other tasks. ”

        It should be borne in mind that the 77N6-N and 77N6-N1 missiles are not copying, but the development of a basic missile.

        https://svpressa.ru/war21/article/170125/
        1. Romario_Argo
          Romario_Argo 26 March 2020 20: 10 New
          0
          it is clear that 500 will be 2 divisions: missile defense (24PR) + air defense (48 missiles)
          extra large + long range
          The question was about the average range for the S-350,
          1. stick it to the 500-ke?
          2. or to the 400 ke?
          3. Or leave as an independent medium-range air defense system?
          4. 500-ke will add the medium-range division S-300PMU-2 with SAM 48N6DM with a range of 250 km?
  2. gridasov
    gridasov 26 March 2020 11: 34 New
    0
    It can be assumed that there are competent analysts who understand that the emergence of new types of weapons brings scientists and engineers closer to the growth of problems when meeting the requirements of weapons customers and what order executors can offer. Arms technologies are based on some fundamental principles of the initial knowledge of a person about physical. processes. Therefore, the evolution of technology is associated with discoveries and inventions in the field of exact sciences. And the competitive process in the pursuit of this fundamental knowledge is the primary stage for excellence and security in the near and distant future.
  3. yuliatreb
    yuliatreb 26 March 2020 11: 35 New
    +1
    I would like this complex to pass all the tests with dignity and, as planned, began to enter the troops, and maybe even earlier. I would not want this complex to be used only at Victory Parades.
  4. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 26 March 2020 12: 00 New
    +1
    There are smart people ... I’ll come up with such a bastard ...
  5. Victor March 47
    Victor March 47 26 March 2020 12: 20 New
    +1
    Quote: Alex2048
    I wonder how much C500 is needed for an adequate defense of Russia? Well, what is the price of a complete set, also interesting.

    If only to defend, on its borders, then a lot. If you destroy part of the bases, then less. If you launch the Voivode with the Sarmatians, on the territory of the aggressor, then there is not much at all.
    1. Sky strike fighter
      Sky strike fighter 26 March 2020 12: 25 New
      0
      And what about 14 Ohio, on duty in the oceans and carrying Trident D 5 on board? Do not forget about US bases around the world, some of which have nuclear weapons.
  6. Peter Tverdokhlebov
    Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 12: 38 New
    -3
    The Americans are now developing a Strategic Fires Missile ballistic missile with a guided warhead.
    I believe that it is necessary first of all to provide missile defense for the position areas of 13 and 62 missile divisions where the Sarmat and Vanguard missile systems will be located.
  7. Victor March 47
    Victor March 47 26 March 2020 12: 41 New
    +4
    Quote: Sky Strike fighter
    And what about 14 Ohio, on duty in the oceans and carrying Trident D 5 on board? Do not forget about US bases around the world, some of which have nuclear weapons.

    20 Sarmatians will be enough to destroy 80% of the US population, and, practically, 100% of industry. They counted it. 20% of those remaining will be engaged in the preparation of firewood, the production of fire and hunting for dinosaurs that have revived after the nuclear apocalypse. We will do roughly the same thing, and everyone else. If they like it, let them start.
    1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
      Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 15: 08 New
      0
      Can you provide a source about these 20 Sarmatians, 80% of the population, 100% of industry, etc.?
  8. Victor March 47
    Victor March 47 26 March 2020 16: 27 New
    +1
    Quote: Peter Tverdokhlebov
    Can you provide a source about these 20 Sarmatians, 80% of the population, 100% of industry, etc.?

    Ask the US Department of Defense. 200 warheads covering an area of ​​several dozen cities in the south. The north and the center is our Krasnoyarsk Territory. They are right, I think.
    1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
      Peter Tverdokhlebov 26 March 2020 16: 31 New
      0
      That is, there is no source about 20 Sarmatians?
      Have you sucked these 20 Sarmatians from your finger?
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 26 March 2020 22: 44 New
        0
        If we take into account that Sarmat has 10 individually guided warheads with a capacity of 750 kilotons each, then 20 of these missiles will suit the apocalypse of any country, including the United States. The main objectives are large cities industrial areas naval bases power and large military airfields.
        1. Peter Tverdokhlebov
          Peter Tverdokhlebov 27 March 2020 05: 15 New
          0
          Book Fundamentals of Designing Solid-State Guided Ballistic Missiles. Part 2. Year of release 2000. Publishing House of MSTU named after Bauman. The authors are four peasants, including Solomonov Yuri Semenovich (designer of Topol-M, Yars, Bulava missiles).

          Page 93
          Power - mass of the warhead:
          0,1 MT - 100 kg
          0,3 MT - 135 kg
          0,5 MT - 185 kg
          0,8 MT - 270 kg
          1,0 MT - 320 kg
          1,5 MT - 450 kg

          According to my calculations, three types of warheads will be created for the RS-28 - the RGCH IN 11 warheads with a capacity of 1,5 Mt (the mass of such a warhead now in 2020 I assume is 360 kg), the orbital warhead with a capacity of 10 Mt, the RGCH IN 2-3 UBB with a capacity of 1,5-3 Mt.

          In principle, if you take 20 RS-28 of 11 1,5 MT each - 220 combat units with a capacity of 1,5 MT. I think maybe you are right that this will be enough to strike the United States, but we must not forget about the Strategic Fires Missile medium-range American missiles, the missile defense space system in 2025 may contain at least one spacecraft with a laser and a spacecraft with a charged particle accelerator.
  9. Victor March 47
    Victor March 47 26 March 2020 19: 23 New
    0
    Quote: Peter Tverdokhlebov
    That is, there is no source about 20 Sarmatians?
    Have you sucked these 20 Sarmatians from your finger?

    If you can, look at the population density in the USA. And you won’t ask idiotic questions.