Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan. Switzerland. 1985 year
The catastrophe of Gorbachev. The question is why Gorbachev and his team were allowed by their actions to first destabilize the USSR and then destroy it. Why the “perestroika” was not stopped. Khrushchev was stopped, they were not allowed to destroy the Union, but there was no “better German”. Although Mikhail Sergeyevich will be weaker than Nikita Sergeyevich.
Complete decomposition of the Soviet elite
The point is the complete decomposition of the late Soviet elite. By this moment, a significant part of the Soviet elite had degraded so much that they simply did not realize the consequences of “perestroika”. And when the collapse began, it was too late. On the other hand, it is obvious that part of the elite already deliberately set about the collapse and privatization of the wreckage of the Soviet Union. She wanted to become part of the global elite, the "masters of life", to seize the people's property, wealth, the main sources of income and "live beautifully." Do not hide, do not disguise yourself as communists. Beautiful cars, yachts, planes, women, gold and precious stones. Elite housing in leading countries and capitals of the world.
It was an outright betrayal of power and people. The Soviet elite, which was not regularly updated after Stalin’s departure, didn’t “clean”, gradually forgotten the basics of conscious cultivation of the national elite by the Gorbachev period. The part became passive and simply looked at the destruction of the superpower. Another part was actively involved in pulling the Union along national corners. It became the "enemies of the people", the "fifth column", which the West joyfully supported. I gave out many compliments, orders, awards, and more. As a result, the top of the USSR surrendered the country for “a barrel of jam and a whole basket of cookies”.
The part of the Soviet elite that could have resisted the destruction of the state was "cleaned up" under Andropov and Gorbachev. First of all, the cleaning concerned the power structures responsible for the security of the state. In particular, in 1987, the flight of the German amateur pilot Matthias Rust was used, who flew in a light-engine aircraft from Hamburg through Reykjavik and Helsinki to Moscow. Soviet air defense troops drove Rust's “Cessna” to Moscow and did not stop the flight, because after the incident with the South Korean airliner in 1983, civilian planes were ordered not to shoot down. In the Soviet media, this incident was described as a failure of the air defense system and the country's defense in general. Gorbachev's team used the situation to clean up almost the entire leadership of the USSR Armed Forces, including the commanders of military districts. In particular, Minister of Defense Sergey Sokolov and Air Defense Commander Alexander Koldunov were dismissed. They were political opponents of Gorbachev’s course. New “siloviki” were selected from supporters of “perestroika”.
Thus, the supporters of the “Andropov plan” ("Andropov's Plan" as part of a strategy for the destruction of Russian civilization; Part 2) during the Gorbachev period they decided that it was impossible to save the country. Therefore, the main efforts should be directed not at preserving and saving the Union, but at preserving oneself, at transferring the most important resources (such as “party gold”) to one’s own network. For this, the plunder of their own country was allowed. So the elite of marauders was born. From that moment, the salvation of the USSR-Russia in the form of pro-Western modernization (modeled after Peter the Great) ceased to be the goal of the Andropovites. The collapse and cut of Soviet civilization, controlled from above, began to dismantle the main institutions and privatize the main assets. The crisis of the USSR and the ensuing catastrophe (operation "ends in the water") hid this process and its scope from the people. They allowed to carry out the collapse of the red empire unnoticed, prevented the possible organized resistance of the people from whom the future was stolen. They allowed to take huge finances and capitals from the state and national economy.
Nationalism became a powerful "battering ram" with the help of which the Soviet Union began to bring down. Already under Khrushchev, Stalin's thoughtful national policies were destroyed. The cultivation of national elites and intelligentsia began, in the ranks of which Russophobia took root and anti-Sovietism matured. National republics were funded and developed to the detriment of the Russian provinces and the Russian people. At the same time, national myths were formed where the culprit of all troubles were Russians (Russia-USSR).
In particular, the Ukrainian myth of the separate Ukrainian people and the Ukrainian language continued to develop and strengthen (Ukrainian Chimera vs. Svetlaya Rus; The purpose of the project "Ukraine") Although there were no “Ukrainians” before the 1917 revolution, there was a southwestern part of the Russian superethnos (Rus). There was a dialect dialect of a single Russian language. Existed historical the region of Little Russia-Russia (Little Russia) as the "outskirts-Ukraine" of a unified Russian civilization. The USSR created an artificial Ukrainian people and language. Formed the Ukrainian "elite", which, in fact, was the heir to the ideas of Mazepa, Petliurites and Bandera.
Gorbachev's team began a wave of nationalism in the USSR with provocation. In December 1986, the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU dismissed the first secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, Dinmukhamed Kunaev (he held this post in 1960-1962 and 1964-1986), who became a real Kazakh khan and formed a powerful regional nationalist elite. Gennady Kolbin, a Russian by nationality, the first secretary of the Ulyanovsk regional party committee, who had never worked in Kazakhstan, was appointed in his place. It seemed that the step was right. But in the conditions of “perestroika” and destabilization of the whole system, this was a real provocation. The local elite responded with the December Uprising (Zheltoksan). Riots and pogroms began with the demand to appoint the “indigenous” first secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. To suppress the riot, it was necessary to form 50 thousand. troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Defense. As a result, the unrest was suppressed with little blood. However, these events were a signal to other national elites. In Kazakhstan itself, in 1989, Kolbina was succeeded by Nazarbayev. They immediately forgot about “Kazakh nationalism”.
This event was the first in a chain of similar. The December uprising did not receive a proper political, legal and national assessment. Its root causes were not identified - a violation of Stalin’s popular socialism policy. National republics, starting with Khrushchev, developed at the expense of Central Russia. Ethnic republics and autonomies received preferences, benefits due to the containment of the development of the Russian people. The result was unpleasant distortions in the development of national suburbs and Russian regions. National elites and intelligentsia were arrogant, decided that they could flourish without Russians. Although, as history has shown, nationalism has led the current Baltic States, Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia to extinction and a broken trough. A similar situation is in Central Asia: archaization; social injustice; the growth of radical sentiments, including nationalism and Islamism; degradation of industrial, social infrastructure, science, education and health.
Treason of power
Events in Kazakhstan were regarded in the ethnic suburbs as the weakness of Moscow. A nationalist wave is rising. Already in the summer of 1987, Yerevan raised the issue of transferring the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region to the Armenian SSR. In response, pogroms of Armenians on Azerbaijani territory began. There was already a lot of blood. Gorbachev was confused.
It is worth noting that Moscow at that time still had enough forces and resources to suppress any nationalist rebellion and riot in ethnic republics. Given the political will and the program to eradicate the mistakes of national politics from Lenin to Gorbachev, it was possible to restore order in the country with relatively little blood, clean up the national separatists, and preserve the unity of the Soviet empire. The example of China, which faced a similar problem in Tibet, and then with the unrest in the capital (the events on Tiananmen Square in 1989), is very revealing.
However, part of the Soviet elite consciously led to the destruction of the USSR. And the cowardly chatterbox Gorbachev was afraid to shed a little blood and restore order in the country to stop the destruction process. This subsequently caused blood flows (including the extinction of indigenous peoples in most of the former USSR).
Gorbachev was panicky afraid of the use of force and restrained the "siloviks" in putting things in order. At the same time, the secretary general recanted responsibility until the last, when law enforcement agencies themselves put things in order on the territory under their jurisdiction. In fact, he “surrendered” and finally demoralized the organs of order and security. Gorbachev loses control threads, the ability to soberly assess the situation. At critical moments, he jumps into the bushes - he escapes to overseas trips, where he is enthusiastically greeted and loved, or goes on vacation. He believes that the "process has begun", that is, the course towards democratization and publicity is correct. Gorbachev practically does not listen to sober assessments still coming from party and state structures and institutions. He is talking about the destroyers - A. N. Yakovlev and E. A. Shevardnadze, the "Gorbachev Political Bureau" aimed at destroying Soviet civilization.
This led to an increase in nationalist sentiments, massacres and conflicts. Azerbaijanis fled from Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenians from Azerbaijan. Bloody interethnic conflicts flared up in all national suburbs. Transnistria, the Ferghana Valley, Abkhazia, Georgia, the Baltic states, etc. The Soviet power cracked at the seams. In ethno-republics, national fronts and parties are created by universally interested forces, they demand an exit from the USSR. The West enthusiastically welcomes these events, strongly supports the "young democrats", forbids Moscow to use force, fears sanctions.
Thus, the Gorbachev team committed a terrible crime against the peoples of the USSR-Russia. Under Gorbachev, they opened the "Pandora's Box", released the terrible spirit of national separatism, which destroyed the great power and split the Soviet people. This nationalism shed rivers of blood, brought and still will bring a lot of suffering and loss to the peoples of the former USSR. Gorbachev ruined Soviet statehood and became an “enemy of the people."
To be continued ...