Military Review

Stormy life of Mikhail Stadukhin: thirst for profit, squabbles with the Cossacks and death in battle

64

Yakut jail of late imperial times


We invest in Siberian


Stadukhin was born not in Siberia, but in a place quite typical of its conquerors - in Pomorie, on the territory of today's Arkhangelsk region. It is hard to say which ways he got to Siberia. But by the 1640s, he had long felt like a fish in water.

Stadukhin did not hesitate to actively invest very substantial funds - tens and hundreds of rubles. He invested, equipping expeditions for sable at his own expense - precious skins at that time were the main motivating means to conquer and master Siberia in principle. Upon their return, the industrialists paid Stadukhin part of the production, which he quickly and profitably sold.

Of course, there was always a risk in such investments - hunters could be attacked by wild animals or unfriendly natives. But Stadukhin was not a stranger in Siberia and understood what he was investing in.

Last but not least, of course, because he himself did not crawl out of battles and campaigns.

In search of sable


For example, in 1641, Stadukhin was sent from Yakutsk to search for new lands in the east. Having successfully reached Oymyakon, he set up a small prison and imposed a sable tribute on the neighboring tribes.

It was only the beginning - the local Yukagirs became the more angry and organized, the further Stadukhin moved. From time to time, they organized grandiose, by the standards of the surrounding lands, battles with hundreds of participants for their part. There were ten times fewer Russians, but fortifications, equipment, and discipline did their job - they succeeded in fighting back.

In 1643, Stadukhin set up a winter house in Kolyma - in fact, a house surrounded by a stockade, and acted on the system of surrounding rivers, conquering and taxing the Yukagirs. In 1645, our hero, apparently, decided that he had collected all the "cream" from the surrounding lands, and, leaving 13 people in the winter hut, returned to Yakutsk.

In the same year, a huge army of five hundred Yukagirs fell upon the unfortunate, but fortunately the small garrison did not have to repeat the fate of Fort Navidad. The Russians managed to fight back by killing the leader. After that, the natives living in the conditions of the tribal society had much more important occupations, for example, sharing the inheritance of the murdered. And they fled.

Wild character


True, Stadukhin himself, with all his merits, did a lot to ensure that this was repeated more often. For example, when in 1647 he was again sent to Kolyma with the order to get to the still undeveloped lands and bring under the tributary relations of the still untouched natives, our hero found a simpler way.


Yukaghirs in 1902

Instead, he stumbled upon locals already laden with yasak (tribute), simply took and unceremoniously robbed them. And so they brought him more sables, in addition, and took his relatives hostage.

And, characteristically, Stadukhin did not have anything for it, although rash actions bore direct harm to Russian statehood in the region. Apparently, our hero managed to make good acquaintances in the Yakutsk prison.

Stadukhin did not stand on ceremony with Russian competitors. Once he tried to find the sea route to Anadyr, but with a joke with the harsh northern ocean turned out to be bad - the idea failed. Then in 1650, the indefatigable Michael began to look for a walking path. The Semen Motors squad did the same.

Not wanting to share future wealth, Stadukhin simply ordered his people to attack competitors, captured Motor and asked him to sign a paper that he would not look for ways to Anadyr. Instead, Motor was invited to return to the Yakutsk prison without sinking.

A second before happiness


Of course, I signed the motor paper, but it turned out to be not so simple. Departing for decency a certain distance, he went around Stadukhin and rushed to Anadyr with all his might. There, he, fortunately, found the already standing Russian prison and the head of there, Semyon Dezhnev.

The latter managed to do what Stadukhin failed a little earlier, that is, to pass by sea. True, I had to pay a serious price - all seven ships that went on a hike crashed on stones in different places. But Dezhnev managed not only to gather people and survive, but also to continue the expedition, begun with such a large scale.

Stormy life of Mikhail Stadukhin: thirst for profit, squabbles with the Cossacks and death in battle

Semyon Dezhnev

A little later, Stadukhin also came across a prison. You could expect dramas and massacres, but now the detachment of our hero was in the minority. Mikhail began to send intelligence, then thought for a long time, and in the end decided - the land here is poor for furs, there is nothing to catch. One has to look elsewhere. So let Dezhnev and Motor take this damned Anadyr to themselves, there’s nothing to profit from here anyway.

The poor thing, of course, could not even imagine that he voluntarily gave his competitors a real gold mine. After a while, Dezhnev stumbled upon huge colonies of walruses, whose tusks were valued no less than furs, and the skin and fat were very useful in the household.

Involuntary research


Not finding happiness on Anadyr, Stadukhin began to explore the Penzhina and Gizhiga rivers, as well as the coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk.

But there is no happiness here either - there is no sable around, there is nothing to get rich with. All this, of course, was accompanied by constant battles with the natives. Moreover, Stadukhin was particularly unlucky in the fact that they were not only meaner than usual, but also more organized. Therefore, it was necessary to erect small fortifications all the time, after which they sat there for a long time, defending themselves from superior forces.


The coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk. Photo: drs-radchenko.livejournal.com/

As a result of all these adventures, our hero lost a lot of people: having gone on a campaign with fifty, in 1658 he came to the Okhotsk prison with only 14 people. Worse still, he found neither fur-ridden lands nor grand walrus camps. From the point of view of Stadukhin, all his ordeals were in vain.

But not from the point of view of Russia. Trying to find the Eldorado, Stadukhin explored a vast territory, plotted many rivers and met a huge number of tribes. His followers had a more or less concrete idea of ​​the lands east of Yakutsk and now they did not go anywhere at all.

The last battle


Admitting defeat, Stadukhin again returned to Yakutsk. And in 1666, the local clerk again decided to use his services - failure was failure, but determined and strong-willed people with command experience in any case were worth their weight in gold.

Stadukhin was given a small detachment and again sent to Kolyma. But our hero was not destined to get to the target - along the way his group was ambushed by the united Lamuts and Yukagirs.

At first, their plans were much larger - to attack one of the Russian prison. But, having received there on the first day, the natives retreated, after which they successfully stumbled upon the detachment of Stadukhin - and they killed everyone there, including the pioneer himself.

It is interesting that after this the natives did not go to their camps, but didn’t divide something and fell into a hitch already. The Lamuts won - the Yukaghirs followed Stadukhin and his people and were mercilessly cut. Such was the wild Siberian frontier - most often the problems in it were solved that way.

Author:
Photos used:
https://primamedia.gcdn.co/, https://humus.dreamwidth.org/, https://drs-radchenko.livejournal.com/
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  1. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 25 March 2020 07: 07 New
    +8
    An interesting and vividly written article about another hero of the Siberian "frontier". An enterprising businessman, the chieftain of a robbery group (not disdaining to eliminate competitors in any way and not recognizing the authority of the authorities) and explorer of new lands. There were many of them in the history of Russia, and the most famous of them was probably Yermak Timofeevich. But others there and at that time simply would not have gone nowhere, would not have survived corny. It is these people, largely due to their excessive greed and ambition, who moved forward, no matter what and ... as a result of white spots on the map of Siberia, the Far East and the Far North, it became less and less. Thanks to these, whether they acted out of their own mind or doing the tsar’s will, Russia grew into territories and new subjects, dispensing with colonies overseas.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 25 March 2020 07: 29 New
      +7
      Well, overseas, the colony we have, as it were: Alaska, Fort Ross.
      The activities of the Russian-American company is a separate topic that is still waiting for its Author and researcher at the VO!
      Many thanks to Timur for the continuation of the cycle, especially for the photos.
      Regards, Kote!
      1. Aleksandr72
        Aleksandr72 25 March 2020 07: 40 New
        +5
        That's just the point that as if were! In my opinion, the Russian lands in North America were formally colonies — yes, they were overseas, etc. But the level of colonization cannot be closely compared with the same Spaniards, Dutch, French, Portuguese, and especially the British, who, seizing new lands overseas - in Asia, Africa and both Americas, pumped out everything that was possible from them. And the Russian-American company in its activities is far from the East and West Indian companies, the Hudson's Bay Company and others. In Russia, at the state level, there was no interest in developing and developing overseas territories - if you could master your own Siberia and the Far East! There, at least, the fleet is not needed - a merchant to import and export valuables and a military to protect these shipments. Therefore, in the end, they got rid of possessions in America, having received almost nothing for them.
        Sincerely, Alexander.
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 25 March 2020 10: 21 New
          +5
          I am not a specialist, but we leased our territories for concession to the Hudson's Bay company you mentioned.
          So, everything is twofold.
          Regards, Vlad!
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 25 March 2020 11: 38 New
            +5
            The activities of the Russian-American company is a separate topic that is still waiting for its Author and researcher at the VO!

            Vladislav, if you remember, in January 2017, one author of the site issued a series of articles about "whether it was necessary to give Alaska." After that, everyone quarreled on the forum ... hi
            I read it with interest. As they say, find ten differences from the conquest of America. Ours just went the other way. hi
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 25 March 2020 20: 56 New
              +2
              Kohl, you still remember the captain-lieutenant Khvostov, and how he dealt with the Japanese in the Northern Islands through the on-board weapons of his frigate "Juno". Is it funny
            2. Caretaker
              Caretaker 25 March 2020 21: 01 New
              0
              Quote: Pan Kohanku
              I read it with interest. As they say, find ten differences from the conquest of America.

              It makes sense to compare a bunch of UK / USA / Canada with Russia.
              Almost completely "cleaned up" from the peoples living there, the territory of the United States, with Russian lands east of the Urals. Alaska suffered less from aliens than other states, as first, this region was mastered by Russian explorers.
          2. Phil77
            Phil77 25 March 2020 20: 42 New
            +4
            Greetings to Vlad! Perhaps it would be better to call these developed territories trading posts? Naturally, they are not very similar to the colonies.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 25 March 2020 20: 53 New
              +2
              Seryoga, hello! And what is interesting here. For "Russian America" ​​and speak reluctance, there is none, and never was. And who was laying where settlements there, and the Vikings at one time founded a trading post on the American continent, so what?
              1. Phil77
                Phil77 25 March 2020 20: 58 New
                +3
                So I say that these are just settlement factories. They are far from the colonies, not geographically, although also far away!, But in fact.
              2. Phil77
                Phil77 25 March 2020 21: 00 New
                +3
                Alexander at the top of och.tolkovo wrote everything about our * colonies *.
        2. Catfish
          Catfish 25 March 2020 21: 59 New
          +1
          Alexander, sorry, question about the fleet of the Russian-American company. Your last name Khvostov says something, but at the same time the name of his flagship, the Juno. What did he do there, commanding his squadron, you know? And about Golovnin, at the same time, Viktor Mikhailovich.
    2. Caretaker
      Caretaker 25 March 2020 20: 19 New
      +4
      Quote: Aleksandr72
      ... chieftain of the robber gang ...

      The party of the Cossacks differed from the bandit robbery in that the mined surrendered to the treasury and in compliance with certain rules.
      1. Phil77
        Phil77 25 March 2020 20: 43 New
        +4
        Quote: Caretaker
        compliance with certain rules

        Here, there! It’s precisely that of some. Yes, and those are often not respected.
        1. Caretaker
          Caretaker 25 March 2020 21: 04 New
          +2
          Quote: Phil77
          Here, there! It’s precisely that of some. Yes, and those are often not respected.

          "God is high, far from the king."
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 25 March 2020 21: 09 New
            +3
            But somehow it turns out! Holy Russia! wink I wonder if any people have a saying similar to this? From the same series * Law, that drawbar, where you turn there and it goes *.
            1. Caretaker
              Caretaker 25 March 2020 21: 24 New
              +2
              Quote: Phil77
              From the same series * Law that drawbar, where you turn there and left *.

              Local, in those parts, at that time, did without a drawbar, i.e. without the law.
              The Lamuts won - the Yukagirs followed Stadukhin and his people and were mercilessly cut.
      2. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 26 March 2020 09: 21 New
        +2
        that the mined surrendered to the treasury and compliance with certain rules.

        that is, not "robbery" but "expropriation", Leonid? laughing drinks
        1. Caretaker
          Caretaker 26 March 2020 20: 49 New
          +1
          Quote: Pan Kohanku
          that is, not "robbery" but "expropriation"

          Yasak - natural tax (tax).
          Illegal actions - excesses on the ground, abuse of authority, misconduct ... depending on the gravity of the deed.
          Looking with whom / what to compare.
  2. Edward Vashchenko
    Edward Vashchenko 25 March 2020 07: 24 New
    +5
    Thank! Very interesting article!
  3. Talgarets
    Talgarets 25 March 2020 07: 46 New
    +5
    I wonder what lies in the sleigh of the Yukagirs?


    Intrigue, however ...
    1. Freeman
      Freeman 25 March 2020 08: 52 New
      +8
      Quote: Talgarets
      I wonder what lies in the sleigh of the Yukagirs?
      .......
      Intrigue, however ...


      No intrigue.
      Pictured is the Funeral Procession of the Tundra Yukagir, 1902.
      This photo is from a collection collected by Jesup's North American Pacific Expedition.
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 25 March 2020 19: 23 New
        -2
        Why do they need a funeral procession? They will be taken from the camp and thrown out. By spring, Arctic foxes and drags will be circulated .. Previously, some northern peoples called Samoyeds and, it seems, not without reason, they could have concocted a colleague in the plague.
        1. Freeman
          Freeman 25 March 2020 19: 46 New
          +5
          Quote: Free Wind
          Why do they need a funeral procession? They will be taken from the camp and thrown out. By spring, Arctic foxes and drags will be circulated .. Previously, some northern peoples called Samoyeds and, it seems, not without reason, they could have concocted a colleague in the plague.


          Your ideas about the culture of the northern peoples are very "exotic". lol

          1.
          Yukagirsky overground burial in the Kolyma tundra.


          2.
          Samoyeds
          Ural-Altai tribe, close to the Finns, but different in type and language. Their name did not come from "self-eating," that is, cannibalism, and, probably, from Sameadnam - the name given to their country by the Lapps, who once lived more east than now

          More:
          Encyclopedic Dictionary F.A. Brockhaus and I.A. Efron
          https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/brokgauz_efron/90602/Самоеды


          hi
          1. Caretaker
            Caretaker 25 March 2020 21: 18 New
            +3
            Quote: Freeman
            Yukagirsky overground burial in the Kolyma tundra.

            Are burials grouped or arranged randomly?
            1. Freeman
              Freeman 26 March 2020 00: 19 New
              +4
              Quote: Caretaker
              Quote: Freeman
              Yukagirsky overground burial in the Kolyma tundra.

              Are burials grouped or arranged randomly?

              request I did not find a definite answer to this question.
              I understood only that the Yukaghirs did not adhere to a strictly defined, distinctive, culture, and easily yielded in this regard to the influence of neighboring peoples, including elements of their culture in their own.
              In addition, the Yukagirs, the first of the northern peoples to adopt Christianity, "bizarrely" mixing it with "traditional" beliefs.

              Threat. That we are all about the dead. Let’s better listen to a good song in Yukagir.

              The modern author and performer of songs in the Yukagir language is Irina Duskulova.

              Irina Duskulova - Ulagen Nume (Urasa Flower)
              1. Free wind
                Free wind 26 March 2020 17: 23 New
                -1
                Beautiful girl, only these are the Ostyaks. It’s an old Muschin and a cloud, a boat, it doesn’t know how to chop. Very poor people living in very difficult conditions. When falling into the water, the Chukchi did not save anyone, it is a sacrifice to the water spirit, the deity. They could also charge an oar in the forehead so as not to violate reporting. I read that the Chukchi and the Eskimos were very afraid of meeting with killer whales, it seems that they destroyed everything in a row, with the arrival of white people, the attacks stopped. Maybe they sailed like a safari? and realizing that whites could destroy them, for their tricks, they stopped the attacks. A killer whale is capable of destroying any creature that has fallen into its water.
                1. Caretaker
                  Caretaker 26 March 2020 21: 06 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Free Wind
                  It’s an old Muschin and a cloud, a boat, it doesn’t know how to chop.

                  Is a boat quite afloat afloat, Ostyak or Yukagir?
              2. Caretaker
                Caretaker 26 March 2020 20: 58 New
                +1
                Quote: Freeman
                Contemporary author Contemporary writer and performer of songs in the Yukagir language Irina Duskulova.
                Irina Duskulova - Ulagen Nume (Urasa Flower)

                Beautiful song and melodic language. To know what he is singing about?
                What kind of flower "urasa"?
                1. Freeman
                  Freeman 26 March 2020 23: 01 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Caretaker
                  Quote: Freeman
                  Contemporary author Contemporary writer and performer of songs in the Yukagir language Irina Duskulova.
                  Irina Duskulova - Ulagen Nume (Urasa Flower)

                  Beautiful song and melodic language. To know what he is singing about?
                  What kind of flower "urasa"?


                  Urasa (Yakut. Uraһa) - a type of old summer home of the Yakuts, a conical hut made of poles, covered with birch bark. It is believed that urasa is the oldest form of Yakut dwellings.

                  https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ураса


                  In this case, you need to understand how - the most beautiful girl of the settlement
            2. Free wind
              Free wind 26 March 2020 16: 56 New
              -1
              Of course, separately, carrying a body for hundreds of kilometers to bury on a pillar, any brown bear will crawl up and stir up this nest of hunger in spring. There’s nothing wrong with that, Somewhere in Tibet, the bodies are thrown into a ravine, their kites and dogs are there .... Well, as for self-eating ..... there were hunger, there were ritual and quite scary cases are described to appease , read about the yasak collector, when for the collector the Cossack and his team prepared ............
          2. fk7777777
            fk7777777 26 March 2020 22: 28 New
            0
            I didn’t want to write, but you have a quiet horror about the country, just cavalrymen from diving aviation armored motorized infantry. So, Lapari, well, first of all, it is Murmansk, with what side did you take it to Kolyma? To the Finns, yeah, Mari, Karelians, Ests, Lopars, well, no way, it's like you are close relatives to the Negroes. Further, just a retelling does not make sense, in essence there was a quiet expansion east along the rivers, an example is all the names of settlements near the rivers (especially the larger Russians, move a little away and the names are not Russian at all, and in some places they don’t know the Russian language (it may surprise you but you can really get hit on the head for Russian speech in such places, and yes it's all Russia).
    2. Looking for
      Looking for 25 March 2020 15: 35 New
      +1
      Zhmurik in their sleigh. Zhmurik.
  4. Talgarets
    Talgarets 25 March 2020 07: 51 New
    +8
    Who is talking about something, but lousy about the bath, you can say about me, but I can’t help but notice to the adherents of Great Tartaria - it is not in the period described! There are Yukagirs, Yakuts, Lamuts, but there is no powerful state of Tartary. Here is a fact ...
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 25 March 2020 10: 22 New
      +7
      Quote: Talgarets
      Who is talking about something, but lousy about the bath, you can say about me, but I can’t help but notice to the adherents of Great Tartaria - it is not in the period described! There are Yukagirs, Yakuts, Lamuts, but there is no powerful state of Tartary. Here is a fact ...

      So now the Bar will come and explain that they all faked !!!
    2. fk7777777
      fk7777777 26 March 2020 22: 32 New
      0
      There the population density is such that they offer a guest a wife for the night, as they are glad. There are no people at all. And what state can we talk about?, If only the ashot and the magician from our rush have not muddied the hut,))).
  5. Phil77
    Phil77 25 March 2020 08: 28 New
    +2
    Good morning everyone! Yes. However, the protagonist from the point of view of today's day looks just like a chaos! laughing But certainly, judging today. Thanks to Timur for the article! Interesting. hi
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 25 March 2020 12: 17 New
      +7
      However, the protagonist from the point of view of today looks just like a chaos!

      Everything, like others. hi Balboa executed Niguez because of power (and then he himself was executed for it), Cortes cut himself with Narvaes. Pizarro executed his former companion Almagro, the son of Almagro killed Pizarro, while Diego Almagro Jr. himself was executed for this. In search of Eldorado, three detachments unexpectedly collide (!) - Quesada, Belalkasar and the German Federman (the Germans were also actively looking for this city!), But all three sides “turned on their brains” and did not get into a fight with each other, agreeing peacefully. laughing The seven-year war is raging in Europe, Frederick bends all who are not lazy, then the Russians come and bend Frederick already. belay What are the British doing at this time? That's right - they squeeze Canada from the French under the general guise! fellow
      And the victims ... but who cares about these natives whom everyone robbed? request here the Araucans were able to unite - and no matter how much the Spaniards fought about them, they were never bent. stop And the one who could not organize ... He lost!
      1. Phil77
        Phil77 25 March 2020 12: 30 New
        +4
        * About tempora, o mores! * Perhaps you can’t say better than old Cicero!
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 25 March 2020 12: 36 New
          +4
          Perhaps better than old Cicero and you will not say!

          Michael proved that in fact there was no Mark Tullius Cicero, and this was the incorrectly translated ancient Roman slogan: "The goal is to tackle Ohio!" soldier joke. And in general, I did not invent it! laughing drinks
          If on business, I agree with you, Sergey. Yes, that is right. request We live in a peculiar time, but we don’t even want to live in the past. Each time has its own actions, its own problems, its own thoughts and thoughts ... what
  6. Olgovich
    Olgovich 25 March 2020 09: 24 New
    -1
    But not from the point of view of Russia. Trying to find the Eldorado, Stadukhin explored the vast territory, plotted many rivers and met a huge number of tribes.

    What is glorious!

    The rest was in accordance with that time ....
  7. Free wind
    Free wind 25 March 2020 14: 08 New
    +1
    It seems that the reindeer herders lived separately from each other, reindeer herders cannot roam in large societies, the deer quickly eats up everything in winter. And hunters shunned large societies, usually 2-3 families roamed. How did they manage to gather more than 3. In Yakutia they soon discovered a large number of mammoth tusks, at least it seems like there is such data. In the north, in the tundra, like a fox, there are many, or they did not pay attention to it when lemengi spread very much. Arctic fox generally became unmeasured. But the walrus skin of the Russians where it could go, the Chukchi and Eskimos made boats of them, yarangs somehow covered them, it is thick and practically cannot be processed. Fat was used for lighting and heating. Chukchi walrus meat was eaten. In Alaska, the Russians very much thinned out the population of sea cats and otters, there were so many skins that they were even thrown away. Then we went south. No one was engaged in the search for minerals. When the animals were killed, then Alaska was no longer needed by anyone, and it was abandoned.
    1. fk7777777
      fk7777777 26 March 2020 22: 36 New
      0
      M, yes, well, an Estonian, this is a resident of Africa, yeah ... We believe ...
  8. Phil77
    Phil77 25 March 2020 18: 25 New
    +2
    Quote: Pan Kohanku
    Each time has its own actions, its own problems, its own thoughts and thoughts ...

    Well, right Nicholas! If we had lived at that time, all their actions would have been taken for granted. What is now considered a crime was then certainly in the order of things and did not cause any special emotions. If you do not take a specific * criminal * -killing, banditry, theft , and then it was punished in earnest.
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 25 March 2020 19: 36 New
      +5
      If you do not take a specific * criminal * * murder, banditry, theft, then even then it would be punished with a joke.

      if against the natives .. then so far the news of the atrocities will reach the powers that be .. until the order comes back ... logistics, sir! request Khabarov was also recalled from the Amur only after he completely lifted up both local peisans and his own subordinates. no They took him out of Amur by force. soldier True, he later asked to go back there, but the government people reasoned - “on the fig, on the fig”, and never let him go back onto the Amur. stop drinks also he was - "conquistador, conqueror of the East" yes
      1. Astra wild
        Astra wild 25 March 2020 20: 07 New
        +3
        Nikolay, this is news for me. Perhaps I missed? It will be necessary to revise the cycle again
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 26 March 2020 09: 47 New
          +3
          Nikolay, this is news for me. Perhaps I missed? It will be necessary to revise the cycle again

          Vera, Khabarov was still that "alpha male" with criminal inclinations.
          Above the mouth of the Sungari, in June Khabarov met a Russian auxiliary party on the Amur River and nevertheless continued his retreat, having heard that the Manchus had gathered a large army against him - about six thousand. He stopped only in early August at the mouth of Zeya. From here on three ships down the Amur a group of rebels fled, taking with them weapons and gunpowder. Robbing and killing Daur, Ducher, and Nanai, they reached the Gilyak land and placed a prison there to collect yasak. Khabarov did not tolerate rivals. In September, he sailed down the Amur River to the Gilyak land and fired at the prison. The rebels surrendered on condition that they save their lives and looted booty. Khabarov “spared” them, ordering them to mercilessly beat them with batogs (why many died), and took all the booty for himself.

          Khabarov spent the second wintering on the Amur River in Gilyak land, and in the spring of 1653 he returned to Dauria, to the mouth of Zeya. In summer, his people swam up and down the Amur River, collecting yasak. The entire left bank of the Amur was empty: on the orders of the Manchu authorities, residents moved to the right bank. In August 1653, the tsar's envoy arrived in the detachment from Moscow. He brought awards from the tsar to the participants of the campaign, including Khabarov himself, but removed him from the leadership of the detachment, and when he began to object, he beat and drove to Moscow. On the way, the ombudsman took everything that was with him from Khabarov. In Moscow, however, his personal property was returned to the conqueror. The tsar granted him to the "boyar children", gave "villages" in several villages in Eastern Siberia, but did not allow him to return to the Amur.


          here - from the monumental work of the Magidovich:
          http://discover-history.com/chapter_226.htm#habarov
      2. Phil77
        Phil77 25 March 2020 20: 49 New
        +4
        You can safely nominate Igor Rurikovich to the title of the first lawless man of Russia. I took tribute from the Drevlyans, left, it seemed a little. Well, I decided to go out of lawlessness, I still want to! They were offended by two trees of a good young man. Well, there were two of one prince. . wink
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 26 March 2020 09: 38 New
          +3
          You can safely nominate Igor Rurikovich to the title of the first lawless man of Russia.

          Sergey, why not Rurik? wink In Novgorod there was an opposition against him, led by Vadim the Brave, but did Rurik “squeeze” the north-west of future Russia?
          why not Oleg? Did he generally “squeeze out” the rest of the then Rus, with murders and other undertakings? fellow
          I will quote the phrase:
          Napoleon wished to “sanctify” his coronation with the personal presence of Pope Pius VII. Historians rummaged through the archives in order to find similar examples in the past. Napoleon himself did not tolerate historians, believing that only Caesars were able to judge Caesars (for the French, he believed, it was enough to remember that the whole history of France began with the 18th Brumaire). But I had to plunge into the darkness of ancient Europe in order to extract King Pepin Korotky from there, who was as real for the French as Tsar Gorokh for us Russians. Pepin became a real find for Napoleon, for in 754 he took the crown from the hands of Pope Stephen III
          “Pius should be,” Napoleon punished. “If he doesn’t come, I will shake him out of Rome like a pig from a sack.”
          ..........
          The coronation took place on December 2. Pope Pius VII and the newly-minted “Pepin Short” left the Tuileries Cathedral at ten o’clock in the morning. There was a very severe frost, the marshals and dignitaries carried frozen regalia, the imperial power - the scepter, sword and crown of Charlemagne, and the poor father froze so that he probably cursed the story of Stephen III, who had the stupidity to hand the crown to the robber Pipin Korotkiy ...
          (V.S. Pikul, "To Each His Own").
          Colleagues .. sometimes I get the impression ... And who were the first kings? what Yes, those who managed to gather around themselves a gang of unshaven gloomy personalities with a dracoly in their hands, and at the expense of this gang subdue the majority of disunited peisans. That is .. actually - yes, the leaders of those same bandits! request
          The Russians liberated the Siberian peoples from furs, the Spaniards on Espanyol immediately built their own villas and began to collect harems from local odalisks, and the "white rajas" Brooks arranged their "little haul" all over Kalimantan. fellow Everything is the same! Who has the gun - "he and Big Dad!" hi (By the way, the Russians probably still got a little more cultured).
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 26 March 2020 09: 47 New
            +1
            Hi Nikolai! And let's wait for the opinions of respected VikNick and Mikhail! Although judging by their non-appearance, I am afraid they are not interested in this topic. Yes, apparently, there will be more time for communication that week, our factory closes for a week. Alas, ah!
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 26 March 2020 10: 12 New
              +2
              Alas, and ah!

              I hope it doesn’t affect the salary?
              Yes, apparently, that week there will be more time for communication, our factory closes for a week.

              The main thing is that VO is not closed! laughing Of course, I would like more articles to be published on “stories”. Like in the good old days when there were three articles every day yes On the other hand, yesterday’s articles can be discussed in more depth. drinks will live! drinks
              1. Phil77
                Phil77 26 March 2020 10: 41 New
                +1
                Well, what? The premium ones will be covered, * naked * hourly. And VO will not close! The site is on * udalenka *. laughing To live? Yes, of course, this is not even discussed !!!!!
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 26 March 2020 11: 17 New
                  +2
                  Well, what? The premium ones will be covered, * naked * hourly. And VO will not close! The site is on * udalenka *. laughing To live? Yes by itself, it is not even discussed !!!!!

                  while alarmists bought buckwheat, pasta and paper (as if their genetic code is to eat up to a pile of pasta, spew them from the other end of yourself, and die with the cleanest ass in the world from unknown Chinese garbage! fool ), you had to buy completely different products .... wink jokes jokes, but it seems to me - alcohol consumption per capita this week will increase .... what So it was necessary to sweep the shelves exactly in the liquor departments! hi and I, like a coffer - and without pasta, and without everything else! belay I didn’t think! request and dislike happens on Kohanka! laughing drinks
                  1. Phil77
                    Phil77 26 March 2020 13: 49 New
                    +1
                    And here you are, Nikolai, the last * news from the fields *! They will not close the factory, they thought there and decided not to allow * huge * losses. We will work in the previous mode. But ... oh, that’s it! At 2 o’clock deliberation at very high level. Why? Well, all the same, a violation of the decree of the sun, Whatever happens. wink You see, yes? What will end, I’ll inform, like * Eustace-Alex *. yes
                    1. Pane Kohanku
                      Pane Kohanku 26 March 2020 14: 12 New
                      +2
                      more wonderful and wonderful, as Anton says. wink
                      You see, yes? What will end, I’ll inform, like * Eustace-Alex *

                      at the reception! soldier
  9. Astra wild
    Astra wild 25 March 2020 19: 58 New
    +3
    Quote: Talgarets
    Who is talking about something, but lousy about the bath, you can say about me, but I can’t help but notice to the adherents of Great Tartaria - it is not in the period described! There are Yukagirs, Yakuts, Lamuts, but there is no powerful state of Tartary. Here is a fact ...

    This is bad luck, but the Fomenkovtsy, and specifically our Bar, will find an explanation: the bad king specifically renamed everything
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 25 March 2020 20: 56 New
      +4
      Good evening!
      The bar is apparently waiting in ambush !!! Fomenko did not foresee with Nasonov mushers with the Chukchi !!!
  10. Astra wild
    Astra wild 25 March 2020 21: 04 New
    +2
    Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Good evening!
    The bar is apparently waiting in ambush !!! Fomenko did not foresee with Nasonov mushers with the Chukchi !!!

    They didn’t provide for a lot of things, and first of all, what we can think of. They are good fairy tales for those who don’t want or can't think.
  11. Caretaker
    Caretaker 25 March 2020 21: 13 New
    +2
    in 1641, Stadukhin was sent from Yakutsk in search of new lands in the east.
    .
    when he was again sent to Kolyma in 1647
    .
    captured Motor and asked him to sign a paper that he would not look for ways to Anadyr
    .
    in 1666, the local clerk again decided to use his services

    I wonder who sent our Hero? I doubt that the clerk.
    What position and title did Stadukhin have?
    Who sent Motor and how did they "resolve" the incident in Yakutsk?
  12. Caretaker
    Caretaker 25 March 2020 22: 04 New
    +2
    ... It is interesting that after this the natives did not go to their camps, but didn’t divide something and fell into a hitch. The Lamuts won - the Yukagirs followed Stadukhin and his people and were mercilessly cut. Such was the wild Siberian frontier - most often the problems in it were solved that way.

    If everyone died, then from whom did they learn the details of what happened?
    Perhaps the Yukaghirs became allies of the Russians and were all cut, and "the victors wrote the story"? How do you like this version?
    Really, you can’t fight everyone, probably the pioneers were looking for friends, for example, helping local allies against their opponents?
    1. fk7777777
      fk7777777 26 March 2020 22: 40 New
      0
      The question is, where have the Mongols been all this time?
      1. Caretaker
        Caretaker 27 March 2020 19: 54 New
        0
        Quote: fk7777777
        The question is, where have the Mongols been all this time?

        The question is interesting, but for a topic in which another region will be discussed.
    2. Astra wild
      Astra wild 27 March 2020 17: 08 New
      +1
      You ask the right question: everyone died, and the author knows, because, he could not be a witness to the incident. Perhaps some of the Yugogirs survived
  13. fk7777777
    fk7777777 26 March 2020 22: 48 New
    0
    The first question is where, ala, the Mongols ?, while all the crime was running there, while the white ice pioneered there, until the king believed the snowflakes, they didn’t find a single Mongol, not even a Tatar, well, there weren’t anyone there, but these do not even mention in the documents. In the 20th century, the Mongols were told about Genghis Khan, they were very surprised at such tales, and then they took a quick look and the business went there on this subject ...