Military Review

Chinese "Mountain Eagle" has become a sea: training aircraft JL-9 Mountain Eagle adapted for aircraft carriers

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Chinese "Mountain Eagle" has become a sea: training aircraft JL-9 Mountain Eagle adapted for aircraft carriers

At a time when the armies of NATO countries, in fear of the coronavirus, are shutting down at bases and in the barracks, hurriedly canceling all the exercises that had been planned earlier, the Chinese comrades are quite in time to fight the pandemic in parallel and continue to work to strengthen the country's defense capabilities. An example of this is the last news regarding the Chinese training aircraft JL-9 Mountain Eagle.


Recall that the TCB JL-9 / JJ-7B under the name "Mountain Eagle" was adopted by the PLA back in 2011. The development of the aircraft itself began in 2001 by Guizhou Aircraft Manufactory and Nanchang Aircraft Manufactory. The main tasks set for the developers were the creation of a training aircraft, modern, but at the same time inexpensive, suitable for training pilots for 3rd generation fighters.

The last point also suggested a reduction in the training time for pilots amid an improvement in the quality of such. Earlier, the training of Chinese pilots included several phases and degrees, and due to the banal lack of finances, aviation technique of one type. To achieve the level of a 3rd generation fighter pilot, a person needed to master six types of different aircraft. But even with all the stages of training on the right number of machines, the efficiency in modern conditions was quite low, because the pilots who were trained on old equipment lacked the qualifications to control modern aircraft modifications, for example, such as J-7G / H and J- 8H / F.

The first flight of the JL-9 prototype was carried out in 2003, the official presentation was held in Zhuhai at the air show in 2006. The developers assured that the goals set for them during the development of the aircraft were fully achieved. Training at JL-9 significantly reduces the gap between initial and vocational training. Well, the financial component is respected. Unlike similar foreign-made aircraft, the cost of which starts at $ 10 million, the Mountain Eagle costs China only 8,5 million. The cost of a JL-9 flight hour is also quite low.

Nevertheless, one more problem, which is extremely important for the Celestial Empire, striving at any cost to create a worthy counterbalance to the aircraft carrier strike groups of the Americans, remained. Despite the commissioning of the second aircraft carrier by the PLA, the training of pilots who were supposed to service the aircraft deployed on them was carried out using the same “ground” JL-9, capable of taking off exclusively on ground airports and landing on them. It is clear that the quality of training in this case caused some doubt. But now, it seems, this issue has been resolved.

A few days ago, the development company JL-9 Guizhou published images in which the Mountain Eagle is already landing on an aircraft carrier. She also expressed her desire to “win a new victory” by presenting the Chinese Navy with a marine version of the “Mountain Eagle”. Adapting to work in the new realities, now, probably, the Sea Eagle, has undergone modifications in the form of an increase in the area and contours, and, naturally, a hook appeared for landing on the deck. At the same time, prudent developers left the chassis unchanged, which will allow the aircraft to be operated from ground airfields.

Due to the specifics of flying from an aircraft carrier, most likely, the JL-9 will require some serious improvements, including the airframe and engine, but, as the events of recent months have shown, the Chinese comrades are able to solve tasks much more global and serious, to say nothing of such trifles ...
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Photos used:
CCTV
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  1. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 23 March 2020 06: 32 New
    -4
    China is powerfully moving forward, and is unlikely to catch up. recourse
    1. venik
      venik 23 March 2020 08: 59 New
      +4
      Quote: Aerodrome
      China is powerfully moving forward, and is unlikely to catch up. recourse

      =======
      You actually imagine WHAT is Guizhou JL-9 ?? Apparently - not really! So - this is a training aircraft created on the basis of .....MiG-21U!!! More precisely, its Chinese version .....
      Powerful "leap forward" - you will not say anything! wassat
  2. Victor_B
    Victor_B 23 March 2020 06: 43 New
    0
    What can I say?
    Clever!
    PS
    Or maybe not ... Stupidly, I don’t know, but do Americans have such TCBs?
    1. venik
      venik 23 March 2020 09: 17 New
      0
      Quote: Victor_B
      Stupidly, I don’t know, but do Americans have such TCBs?

      ======
      The closest analogue is the Northrop T-38 Talon TCB. It has been produced since 1961! It is based on the F-5. TTX - quite close.
      1. Victor_B
        Victor_B 23 March 2020 09: 19 New
        0
        Quote: venik
        The closest analogue is the Northrop T-38 Talon TCB.

        This meant a plane for landing on the deck.
        With an aerofinisher.
        1. venik
          venik 23 March 2020 09: 25 New
          0
          Quote: Victor_B
          This meant a plane for landing on the deck.
          With an aerofinisher.

          =======
          There is one! Deck trainer Boeing T-45 Goshawk, created on the basis of a licensed copy of the British UBS "Hawk" (first flight 1988, in operation since 1992). TTX - also close.
          1. Victor_B
            Victor_B 23 March 2020 09: 27 New
            0
            Quote: venik
            There is one! Deck TCB Boeing T-45 Goshawk

            Well, that means the Chinese are creatively using American experience.
            Well done!
    2. bayard
      bayard 23 March 2020 10: 32 New
      +2
      Americans have always had these. Their main UBS - T-38 "Talon" (Talon) - a supersonic combat training two-seater aircraft. It has been in operation since 1961. The famous "Tiger" F-5 was also made on its basis.
      American school desks have always been supersonic, which gave much better basic training to young pilots.
      In the USSR, the main UBS was the Czech L-39 "Albatross" and the L-29 "Dolphin" - both subsonic, like the current Yak-152.
      The Chinese decided that they also needed a supersonic flying desk. And they did this, on the basis of the good old MiG-21 (fuselage, tail, but with side air intakes and it seems like with an engine from the MiG-29 - you can take off such a thrust from an aircraft carrier springboard).
      1. NEOZ
        NEOZ 23 March 2020 12: 20 New
        0
        Quote: bayard
        like the current Yak-152

        what kind of yak?
        1. bayard
          bayard 23 March 2020 20: 25 New
          0
          Sorry, Lawrence - this is from distraction and lack of sleep. Of course I'm talking about the Yak-130 - "Mitten".
  3. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 23 March 2020 06: 50 New
    0
    If the Chinese made such a decision, it means it is justified for them. And if you think logically, it’s probably more rational to train pilots who will operate from an aircraft carrier on an airplane adapted for him. Takeoff is one thing - landing on the ground, and quite another on the deck.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 23 March 2020 10: 00 New
      +1
      Well, they actually now have 3 jets for training.
      The initial is the K-8, China's best-selling aircraft in the past 20 years. These are these little white ones on the sides.


      The main in the Air Force - L-15. Supersonic with all the newfangled chips, an advanced cabin, etc.


      A little in the Air Force and more in the Navy (for all non-deck) - JL-9.
  4. regdan
    regdan 23 March 2020 06: 52 New
    0
    China is growing and gaining strength ... who else must resist the United States ...
  5. Thrifty
    Thrifty 23 March 2020 07: 08 New
    0
    In this aircraft, only the color and name are purely Chinese, and visually a copy, a typical Chinese copy, and even outwardly copied more than one machine!
    1. venik
      venik 23 March 2020 09: 19 New
      -1
      Quote: Thrifty
      and visually a copy, a typical Chinese copy, and even externally copied far more than one machine!

      =======
      Yes, in general, ONE - MiG-21U !!!
  6. China
    China 23 March 2020 08: 20 New
    0
    But sooner or later we will fight with the Chinese ...
    Can it be economically feasible to destroy them now, so to speak with little blood, than then to remain only with Moscow? )))
    1. NEOZ
      NEOZ 23 March 2020 12: 23 New
      -1
      Quote: China
      But sooner or later we will fight with the Chinese ...

      Who are we"? Americans?
  7. Tochilka
    Tochilka 23 March 2020 08: 56 New
    0
    So this is a deep modification of the J-7, which itself is a copy of the MiG-21. I really did not imagine him decked.
    1. restless
      restless 23 March 2020 09: 13 New
      0
      Have you ever seen MIG-21? What does he have in common with this Chinese aircraft?
      1. venik
        venik 23 March 2020 20: 27 New
        0
        Quote: restless
        Have you ever seen MIG-21? What does he have in common with this Chinese aircraft?

        ========
        Oddly enough - VERY MUCH !!! But to understand this you need even a little understand the technique !!!
        PS Summary: (-)!
    2. donavi49
      donavi49 23 March 2020 09: 56 New
      +1
      Well, let's all call copies. This is an airplane insurance program from another manufacturer, with an export orientation. Less than $ 10 million for the SuperSonic with the ability to lug a decent gimbal with state-of-the-art electronic equipment and fitness in the form of a TCB.




      The fleet was seen for the best afterburning thrust-weight ratio.
      1. venik
        venik 23 March 2020 20: 53 New
        0
        Quote: donavi49
        SuperSonic with the ability to drag a decent suspension

        =======
        A decent load is 2 tons ??? Well, for the 3rd generation - it seems like "nothing" ..... Although "Phantoms", "Mirages" and Mig-i with Su-shkami - and carried more ...
        -------
        Quote: donavi49
        with export orientation.

        =======
        Do not tell who they exported it to (for 9 years of operation) ??? Answer: ANYONE !!! It is exclusively in service with the Chinese Air Force (now Naval Aviation) and more - ANYWHERE!
        --------
        Quote: donavi49
        The fleet was seen for the best afterburning thrust-weight ratio.

        ==========
        Yeah! Namely - for BEST! As much as 0.85 (at normal takeoff weight) and as much as 0.63 - at maximum !!! What? Quite a "mediocre" performance for a 3rd generation fighter ......

        Summary: Well, just a CHIC plane! Especially for those who do not know a damn thing ......
        1. donavi49
          donavi49 23 March 2020 22: 14 New
          +1
          1) Decent for the segment. The segment is UBS. Yaki, eLki, K8 again. They promote it as UBS / LFI. And then, the latter is only in the extreme version G that was raised in 2019 with radar and airborne missile defense S-D.
          2) This aircraft is in service with Sudan, for example. And there even for the money. Gayzhu was ahead of his rival Hongda (L-15), who sold a loan to Zambia wink . True, the PLA Air Force tender Gaizu lost, and now they get out as they can.



          And here is L15

          3) Well, you can still compare with the Yak-130, which is a classmate. Or all of a sudden with a Su-25UTG which is being used in the role in which the JL-9 will be used.
  8. grandfather_Kostya
    grandfather_Kostya 23 March 2020 09: 50 New
    0
    I did not understand about the chassis, usually this is the first thing that is reinforced in the "sea" version of the aircraft.
  9. sanik2020
    sanik2020 23 March 2020 10: 34 New
    +2
    What can I say? There is money and a goal, a scientific and industrial base, if things go on like that then in ten years they can plug amers into their belts.
    But about ten years ago they made their planes on the basis of Soviet ones and collected licensed su-27s.