The current oil crisis repeats the situation of 1985-1986. when the USA and Saudi Arabia played against the USSR. A strong drop in prices for "black gold" dealt a severe blow to the then Russia-USSR.
True, the opinion that the oil war has destroyed the Soviet Union is erroneous. The USSR collapsed not because of falling oil prices, but because of a variety of reasons, internal and external (like the Russian Empire in 1917). The main reason was the conscious course of part of the Soviet elite towards the destruction of Soviet civilization and the integration of its fragments into the capitalist world. The face of this course was Gorbachev, the future "best German." The degraded Soviet elite wanted to become part of the global elite, gain real power, privatize (steal) people's wealth and “live beautifully”.
Union of the past against the Red Empire of the future
Soviet (Russian) civilization, even after the death of Stalin and the “perestroika” of Khrushchev, remained the world and society of the future. In the USSR, processes were happening secretly that frightened the Western elite. The USSR-Russia could still rush to the stars, overtake all mankind for generations. Become a society of philosopher thinkers, teachers, creators and warriors. This frightened the Western society of slaveholders and slaves (disguised as a consumer society). The masters of the West could lose a big game on the planet.
For all its shortcomings, the decay of the nomenclature and the old system, which ceased to be updated regularly, as under Stalin, the Soviet Union carried a powerful charge of creation. The core of society and civilization of the future. "Beautiful far away." Russia could break into a new era, the “golden age", leaving the West in the distant past. The symbol of the "golden age" of the Union was a man-creator, creator, a man who revealed his spiritual, intellectual and physical potential. A man penetrating the secrets of the human psyche, learning the secrets of the atomic nucleus, designing settlements on the moon and Mars, in the depths of the ocean and spacecraft.
However, this sunny tomorrow did not take place. He was ruined by the union of the dark forces of the past, including representatives of the Soviet elite who wanted to "live beautifully," for whom the bars and strip clubs were more important than the palaces of culture and spaceships. Literally everyone who was against the Russian "golden age" went on the attack against the USSR. The capitalist world opposed the USSR, essentially continuing the traditions of the ancient slave system. The world of the rule of money, the "golden calf." The leader of the Western world, the United States, entered into an alliance with other fragments of the past, with Saudi obscurantists, Pakistani fundamentalists, the Vatican, etc.
Alliance of the USA and Saudi Arabia
The medieval kingdom, where “oil communism” was built for the indigenous population and its sheikhs (during the slave-owning exploitation of visiting workers), was an important ally of Washington and a key figure in the final battle with the USSR. The largest "oil barrel" of the world in the hands of religious obscurantists and slaveholders. At the same time, the center of Islam: the guardian of Muslim shrines, Mecca and Medina. One of the richest countries in the world where sheikhs simply bathed in dollars when “black gold” became the basis of the energy of human civilization.
Saudi Arabia has become a powerful "ram" of the United States, directed against the USSR. With its help, it was possible to bring down oil prices from $ 35 per barrel in 1980 (taking into account inflation in the 2000s, it is over $ 90) to $ 10 per barrel and lower in 1986 (about $ 20 at the rate of the 2000s ) Also, thanks to the Saudis and Pakistan, the West was able to intensify the war in Afghanistan.
The Americans brought the Saudis under control in the 1970s and made Saudi Arabia their instrument. As a punishment for supporting Israel in the 1973 war, Arab countries imposed an oil embargo on the West. It did not last long, but caused a serious panic. Western capitals suffered from a lack of fuel, and crowds for durable goods began in stores. The authorities had to prohibit the use of personal cars for a while. Black Gold Prices "soared from $ 3 to $ 12 per barrel in one year. This hit the US and Western Europe economies hard. The crisis showed the true extent of the dependence of developed Western countries on oil prices. But oil exporters bathed in money. Especially Saudi Arabia. The USSR also won by increasing oil supplies to Europe. However, there was a downside, the dependence on the so-called. oil needle. It seemed: why further develop production if you can prosper from the sale of resources?
Washington skillfully used this situation. Countless riches went to medieval barbarians. Excellent! The Americans proposed their option for the further prosperity of the Saudis. At the same time, without the development and change of lifestyle (parasitization on resources). The Saudis transferred their oil billions to the United States, bought the securities of the American state and corporations. They themselves lived on interest from investments, bathed in luxury. Could build (not themselves, with the help of Western designers, engineers and poor workers from poor countries in Asia) new cities in the desert, skyscrapers, first-class roads, bridges, airfields, ports, buy luxury yachts, planes, etc.
Thus, the more Saudis received petrodollars, the more they returned to the United States. The kingdom became financially dependent on the United States, its military power, and stably supplied America with "black gold", no longer bullying prices. Instead, the Westerners built a modern civilization for the slave-owners-obscurantists, cities with the most advanced infrastructure, an oil refining industry, oil terminals, ports, water pipelines, desalination plants and water treatment plants, power plants, a network of excellent roads, airports, etc. All modern industry appeared in cities consumption and luxury. Arabs were inundated with the best goods from around the world: European, American and Japanese cars, Japanese electronics, luxury goods from Europe, etc. Sheikhs and other Arab rich people could collect beauties from around the world in their harems. At the same time, the Saudis themselves did not work! They didn’t produce anything themselves! Thousands of highly qualified specialists from the USA and Western Europe and tens of thousands of slave workers from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Egypt and other countries worked for them.
The United States also provided the armed "roof" of the oil monarchy, bursting with fat. Stronger and well-armed neighbors flocked to a wealthy kingdom: Iraq, Iran and Syria. Shiite Tehran considered Riyadh a traitor to the Islamic world, spreading under the power of the overseas “golden calf”. The Iranians wanted to carry out the Islamic revolution in Arabia in their own way, chop off part of the territories and plant a friendly regime in Riyadh. Yemeni tribes were also not averse to disturbing the calm sleep of wealthy neighbors. Tear off part of the oil-rich territories of the Saudis (previously they were part of Yemen). In addition, Washington made the Saudis reconcile with Israel.
Saudis v. USSR
In just a few years, Saudi Arabia has changed. It has become a modern state. Externally. But retained its slave-owning nature. All Saudi finances are under US control. Now the Arab monarchies were financially interested in strengthening the United States. In keeping the planet the same order.
In the spring of 1981, CIA chief Bill Casey visited the Saudi capital Riyadh. He met with the head of royal intelligence, Prince Turki ibn Faisal (head of intelligence in 1977–2001). The Saudi prince was on good terms with D. Bush Sr., vice president of Reagan. Bush, an American oil tycoon and former head of the CIA, began a relationship with the Turks back in the 70s. The connection between the Bush clan and the Saudis has become one of the powerful threads connecting Washington and Riyadh.
Casey promised the Saudis a "roof" for the United States. The guarantee of military protection by the United States and the rearmament of the Arab army according to NATO standards. In exchange, Riyadh joined the “holy war” against the USSR and increased oil production, knocking down the price of “black gold” and inflicting an economic blow on Russia. And since natural gas in the world market is getting cheaper after oil, the economic blow was double. Moscow's gas plans suffered damage. Also, the Saudis, together with the Americans, had to finance the Afghan Mujahideen, who fought with the Russian troops, through a network of "non-governmental funds". In addition, Western and Islamic secret services wanted to organize and support the anti-Russian underground in the "southern underbelly" of Russia - in Turkestan, and then in the Caucasus and the Volga region. The United States planned to transfer the war from Afghanistan to the north, to the Soviet republics of Central Asia.
In the autumn of 1981, the US Senate approved the rearmament of Saudi Arabia, in particular, the sale of new radar aircraft to it (Boeing E-3 Sentry). Earlier, Washington had given Riyadh guarantees that the American rapid reaction forces would protect the kingdom if necessary (Iran’s attack). In 1982, the head of the Pentagon, Caspar Weinberger, visited the Saudis. He agreed on a plan to defend the kingdom from possible attacks by Tehran. Then the Reagan administration closed information on the investments of Arab sheikhs in the US economy.
Casey again visited Riyadh, where he met with Prince Fahd (the fifth king of Saudi Arabia in 1982-2005). Like, we defended you, it's time to work out. It's time to bring down the price of "black gold". It is worth noting that the decline in oil prices was not a strong blow to the kingdom itself. From the fall in resource prices, the US economy began to grow, that is, their securities, in which the sheikhs invested. On the other hand, the lower the price of oil, the less motive for Europe to buy natural gas from Russians and pull gas pipelines from Russia. That is, Saudi Arabia maintained its market in Europe. Fahd agreed in principle. In the summer of 1982, he became king and began to pursue the policy necessary for Washington. Saudi Arabia, along with Pakistan, helped the United States wage war against the Russians in Afghanistan. Organize the project: "Holy Jihad against the Russians." So Saudi Arabia entered the united front of the war against communism and the Russian world.
It was in the 70-80s that the union of British, American special services with the Saudis and Pakistanis gave rise to a monster - a bloody "black caliphate." Oil dollars and terror and sabotage specialists created the so-called international terrorism. The program "Islam against communism" (de facto - Russian) was supposed to lead to the defeat of the USSR-Russia in Afghanistan, to blow up Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Volga region. It is worth noting that part of this program was the future civil massacre in Tajikistan and the war in Chechnya. In Central Asia, an alliance of radical Islamists, nationalists and drug dealers is forming.
Pakistan entered the Saudi-US alliance, which became the rear base for the war in Afghanistan, which was another blow to the USSR. Pakistan has become the rear base and springboard for Afghan gangs. There they rested, were treated, replenished ranks, trained and armed. In exchange, Pakistan began to receive large loans from the West (IMF and IBRD), helped the local regime to stay in power, wrote off debts. Saudi money was bought weapon and transferred to Pakistan to arm bandits. Pakistani intelligence and the CIA controlled this process. The Americans provided weapons, intelligence, helped with the organization, money and propaganda of the "holy struggle"; Saudis - financed the war; Islamabad provided Afghan militants with a place to rest, replenish, trained, armed and transferred them to Afghanistan. The Afghan "spirits" themselves performed the role of "cannon fodder."
As a result, the United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan did not fight the USSR. But they were able to drag the USSR into the Afghan war quagmire, at great expense. Got the opportunity to destabilize the southern regions of the Soviet empire. The Afghan war was a serious test for the already sick Soviet society, spoiled by Brezhnev's "golden stagnation."
In 1985, the United States devalued the dollar by a quarter. Depreciated your public debt. They “threw” their creditors - the Americans themselves, Europeans and Japanese. At the same time, American goods became cheaper, exports grew, and the economy revived. At the same time, a blow was inflicted on the USSR. Contracts for the supply of oil and gas abroad were calculated in dollars. That is, the actual income of the USSR from the sale of resources fell by a quarter. But that was not enough. The Americans wanted to crash oil prices.
The Saudi hour has come to work out debts. Washington pressed King Fahd and his clan. The Saudis were also informed in advance about the future devaluation of the dollar. They were able to timely transfer personal capital to another currency. In August 1985, Riyadh sharply increased production of "black gold" from 2 million barrels per day to 6 million, then to 9 million. Oil prices are falling. Natural gas prices have also gone down. The economy of the USSR, from the time of Brezhnev planted on the "oil needle", was greatly shocked. The surplus in foreign trade was lost: now the USSR spent more than it earned. Moscow had to sell gold. The blow was all the more painful because at that time there was a change of power. Gorbachev's team took over the country and began the "perestroika". Soon, the Gorbachev gang surrendered the USSR to the West.
The Saudi strike took Moscow by surprise. They did not expect the sheikhs to chop the branch on which they themselves were sitting. After all, the raw material war painfully hit the oil monarchies. The Great Oil Crash halved the annual incomes of the Saudis themselves, other Arab monarchies, inflicted a powerful blow on all the world's gas stations: Iraq, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Algeria, Mexico, etc. After all, everyone is used to dollar abundance, life doesn’t affordable. Saudi Arabia after the 85th year found itself in a protracted socio-economic crisis. The Saudis had to go into debt. Only the new oil boom of the 2000s straightened its position. But the golden times of the 70s never came back.
Thus, Washington forced the Saudis to act contrary to national interests. The selfish interests of the king and his clan were placed above the interests of the whole people. The Americans used personal connections and the corrupt, clan-mafia nature of power in the kingdom to their advantage. The Saudi family chose to collapse the oil market, but saved personal capital (invested in the US financial pyramid) and their asses.