March 19, Russia marks the Day of the Submariner


Every year on March 19, Russia celebrates the Day of the Submariner. This professional holiday is celebrated by all military personnel, veterans, as well as civilian personnel of the submarine forces of the Russian Navy. Despite the fact that the first submariners appeared in the Russian navy as early as the beginning of the 1996th century, they gained their professional holiday only in XNUMX.


Submarine fleet. Start


March 19 (March 6 in the old style) of 1906, by decree of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II, submarines were officially included in the list of classes of ships of the Russian fleet. The same decree, signed personally by the emperor, included the first 20 submarines built and purchased at that time in the Russian fleet. Thus, our country became one of the first states to acquire its own submarine fleet. Exactly 90 years later, in 1996, the date March 19 was chosen to establish the annual professional holiday in the country - Day of the Submariner.

In this way, история The Russian submarine fleet officially totals 114 years. The first base of the Russian submarine fleet in 1906 was determined the Libava naval base, located today in Latvia. By order of the Maritime Department of the Russian Empire, new ships were not only allocated to an independent class, but also received a name. In those years they were called "hiding vessels", this name also reflects the nature of the use of combat submarines.

At the same time, the idea of ​​building submarines was not new and first appeared in the 1700th century in Holland. In Russia, Peter I turned to the idea of ​​building such ships in the XNUMXs. Naturally, all developments of those years were very primitive due to the insufficient level of industrial development of countries. A breakthrough for the submarine fleet was the XNUMXth century. In Russia, interesting developments that led to the creation of full-fledged submarines date back to this time.

March 19, Russia marks the Day of the Submariner
The first Russian combat submarine "Dolphin"

In 1834, in St. Petersburg, at the facilities of the Alexander Foundry, according to the project of the military engineer K. A. Schilder, it was possible to build a submarine, which the designer armed with missile launchers (the boat had three launchers from each side). In fact, the development of Schilder was the prototype of the shock submarines of the future with the vertical launch of missiles of various classes. The submarine was driven by 4 special strokes, the design of which resembled the shape of the legs of an ordinary duck. Rowers were arranged in pairs on each side of the boat, outside the sturdy hull. The construction was driven by sailors-rowers. At the same time, the underwater speed of such a boat was seriously limited and did not exceed 0,5 km / h, and this is with great efforts from the crew. In the future, a military engineer expected to equip the boat with an electric motor, but progress in this area in those years was so slow that the idea was never realized.

Only half a century later, the Russian inventor S.K. Dzhevetsky achieved tangible success in this direction. In 1884, he managed to install an electric motor on board a submarine of his own design. It was a small motor with a capacity of only 1 liter. s., but the decision itself was a breakthrough. In addition to the electric motor, Dzhevetsky also used a completely new source of electricity for his time - a rechargeable battery. Dzhevetsky’s boat was tested in the Neva, where it could go against the river at a speed of 4 knots. This submarine became the first submarine in the world to receive an electric motor.

The first combat submarine was built at the famous Baltic Shipyard in 1903-1904. It was a Dolphin submarine equipped with a gasoline engine and electric motor. The author of the project of this submarine was I. G. Bubnov. Despite the inevitable problems with the operation of a new vessel for the fleet, the sailors who served on the Dolphin, with dedication and enthusiasm, worked out the methods and rules for the daily operation of such warships, as well as the methods for the combat use of submarines.


The most-most domestic submarines


The most combat submarines in the history of the Russian submarine fleet are rightfully considered to be the Shch type submarine, they are also the Pike. Boats have become the most massive and one of the most famous projects of submarines during the Great Patriotic War. 44 such submarines took part in the war, of which 31 boats were killed for various reasons. Many decades after the end of the war, search engines continue to find dead ships of this project in the Baltic and Black Seas. Submarines with an underwater displacement of more than 700 tons continued their service even after the end of World War II. In total, 86 ships of this project of several series, which had serious differences, were built in the USSR. "Pike" served in all fleets, and the last of them left the fleet only in the late 1950s.

The most massive submarines in the domestic fleet were Project 613 boats, according to the NATO codification “Whiskey”. "Whiskey" was mass-produced in the USSR from 1951 to 1957. During this time, 215 diesel-electric boats were transferred to the Soviet fleet, which were developed under the influence of the latest German submarine projects at the end of World War II. The boats were very successful and remained in the service for several decades. Project 613 submarines had an underwater displacement of about 1350 tons, good underwater speed - 13 knots, and good autonomy - 30 days. During the entire service, the Soviet fleet lost only two boats of this project. Subsequently, 43 boats of the USSR were transferred to friendly countries, and another 21 submarines for this project were built in China for the Chinese fleet.

The fastest submarine in history was built in our country. This is a submarine K-162 (then K-222). The nuclear submarine built under Project 661 Anchar was nicknamed the Golden Fish. This was largely due to the high cost of building a submarine, which was made of titanium. The boat was built in a single copy, later the experience gained by the designers was used to create the 2nd and 3rd generation SSGNs, and the main work was aimed at reducing the cost and reducing the noise of the boat. Until now, it was the "Golden Fish" that holds the world record for underwater speed. In tests in 1971, the submarine demonstrated an underwater speed of 44,7 knots (almost 83 km / h).


The largest submarines in history have also been created in our country. We are talking about the nuclear submarines of Project 941 Shark, according to the NATO codification Typhoon. The underwater displacement of the boats of this project amounted to no less than 48 thousand tons, which is practically comparable to the displacement of the only Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov. It is worth noting that the Sharks are twice as superior in submarine displacement to the modern Russian nuclear strategic boats of the Borey project and 18 times to the diesel-electric submarines of Project 677 Lada.

Submariner is a courageous profession


Service in a submarine is always fraught with risk, which exists even in peacetime, and during the hostilities increases many times over. The submarines of the Soviet fleet passed the test of the Great Patriotic War with honor. For military merits, approximately a thousand submariners were presented to government awards, twenty submariners became Heroes of the Soviet Union.

In battles with aggressors, the Soviet fleet suffered serious losses. In total, more than 260 submarines of various classes and projects took part in the Great Patriotic War. At the same time, during the years of World War II, the USSR submarine fleet lost 109 submarines for various reasons of a combat and non-combat nature. 3474 did not return to their native bases from the campaigns. Such data are published in the book "Martyrology of the dead submarines of the Navy of the Fatherland" by Vladimir Boyko.

The profession of a sailor remains dangerous in peacetime. We all have heard the disasters that have occurred in our fleet over the past few decades. This is the death of the Komsomolets nuclear submarine of the USSR Navy on April 7, 1989, which claimed the lives of 42 submariners, and the death of the Kursk nuclear submarine on August 12, 2000, killing 118 crew members. These disasters left scars not only in the hearts of sailors, but also ordinary citizens of our country.


It is no coincidence that submariners have always been considered representatives of one of the most courageous, heroic and at the same time romantic professions. These people are distinguished by courage, courage, courage and selfless devotion to military duty. It is these qualities that explain the people's love and recognition of submariners, who, plunging into the depths of the oceans, are similar to astronauts departing for another flight beyond the Earth. Both submariners and astronauts work in environments that are unusual and aggressive for humans.

March 19, "Military Review" congratulates all citizens directly involved in this heroic profession, especially the submarine veterans of our fleet, on their professional holiday. Always come back home!
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
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  1. Uncle lee 19 March 2020 05: 36 New
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    Sailors submarine Happy Holiday! drinks
    1. Machito 19 March 2020 14: 22 New
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      Quote: Uncle Lee
      Sailors submarine Happy Holiday! drinks

      So that the number of dives matches the number of ascent and seven feet under the keel. drinks
  2. DMB 75 19 March 2020 05: 36 New
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    Happy Holidays, men! For the strength of a solid copus !!! drinks

    I wish that the number of dives is always equal to the number of ascent!
    1. Host Tavern 19 March 2020 11: 16 New
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      Happy holiday, divers! hi
      Ps About the "Kursk" is not forgotten.
  3. Old partisan 19 March 2020 06: 03 New
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    That's to whom Respect and respect deserved!
    My classmate rose as a submariner to Rear Admiral. But I had to go teach with the Democrats. I respect from the bottom of my heart. Congratulations from the bottom of my heart!
  4. serg.shishkov2015 19 March 2020 06: 18 New
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    Happy Holiday! What would the number of dives always equal the number of ascent!
  5. Pete mitchell 19 March 2020 07: 09 New
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    Submarine and everyone involved with the holiday! Always come back soldier drinks
  6. rudolff 19 March 2020 08: 01 New
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    Happy holiday, men!
    drinks
    1. Svarog51 19 March 2020 12: 41 New
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      Rudolph hi In your face I congratulate all the divers on the holiday! drinks
      "The hungry bears roam at the navigator overhead!" good
      1. rudolff 19 March 2020 12: 47 New
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        Thanks, buddy!
        drinks
        1. Svarog51 19 March 2020 12: 58 New
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          But how could I miss such a thing? Where's the "Wise" friend? What is not visible.
          And this is a musical greeting. drinks
          1. rudolff 19 March 2020 13: 14 New
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            Hope to come back later!
            1. Svarog51 19 March 2020 13: 22 New
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              OK we will wait. Moreover, I’m still driving today. But in the evening I will certainly raise a toast "For Subplav!"
    2. Serg65 19 March 2020 13: 43 New
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      Happy holiday buddy !!! drinks
      1. rudolff 19 March 2020 14: 07 New
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        Thank you, Serge!
        drinks
  7. Tiksi-3 19 March 2020 08: 04 New
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    Happy Holidays, well, for those who are at sea! drinks drinks drinks
    1. Masha 19 March 2020 21: 25 New
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      for those who are at sea!

      On watch and guardhouse! drinks
  8. sanek45744 19 March 2020 08: 59 New
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    All involved with the holiday. Especially the 31 Red Banner Division of the Submarine SSBNs. K 114 TULA salute to all. Warhead 2 special)))
    1. Andrey NM 19 March 2020 10: 56 New
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      Happy holiday to all! And you, Sanya, especially. I started on the Handobin crew. Back in the 13th division. How is my cabin in the 4th? The bottom "shkonka" is mine. When moving from the 3rd to the 4th head, did the people apply an emergency lamp? laughing And then he built his shift in the 4th ... And the covers of the last 4 squares are only on our steamboat ... And the neck from that very bottle of champagne is kept by our first mechanic ...
      1. sanek45744 19 March 2020 11: 01 New
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        In the fourth lived kgf 1)). Hello I wish you a drag))) my fourth native is 2-60-21
        1. Andrey NM 19 March 2020 11: 06 New
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          Quote: sanek45744
          In the fourth lived kgf 1

          And on the top - KSU. And you - in the 5th on the left next to the start-up ... :) In the six-seater?
          1. The comment was deleted.
            1. Andrey NM 19 March 2020 11: 47 New
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              With Kolya studied together ...
    2. mik193 19 March 2020 16: 44 New
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      Happy holiday !!! I’m from those times when the BDRMs in 31 divisions were not. K-193 project 667BD. But still health, good luck and prosperity !!!
      1. sanek45744 19 March 2020 17: 34 New
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        From the bottom of my heart)) with me, only 2 BDRs remained, and then they sent Ryaz to the Pacific Fleet and BORISOGLEBSK stood at 16 pier.
  9. Nikolaevich I 19 March 2020 10: 15 New
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    Happy holiday!
  10. The Siberian barber 19 March 2020 10: 15 New
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    Happy Holidays!
    For those who are at sea! drinks
  11. Ryaruav 19 March 2020 10: 19 New
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    happy holiday guys the whole country hopes for you
  12. Tavrik 19 March 2020 11: 20 New
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    All involved - Happy Holiday!
  13. xomaNN 19 March 2020 12: 05 New
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    Happy holiday, sailors - submarine! You often have a harder time serving a service than fellow surface combatants. New submarines, comfort on the beach, worthy of a heroic service!

    ---
    So that the number of dives is 100% equal to the number of ascent!
    --


    On this nuclear submarine, 941 projects, and for two weeks I worked on sea trials of the head "hull"
  14. ccsr 19 March 2020 12: 28 New
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    It is no coincidence that submariners have always been considered representatives of one of the most courageous, heroic and at the same time romantic professions.

    I will add only one thing to these words - the future of our Navy in the 21st century belongs to the submarine fleet, because their role will only grow in the country's security system.
    1. Fizik M 19 March 2020 17: 43 New
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      Quote: ccsr
      the future of our Navy in the 21st century is for the submarine fleet, because their role will only grow in the country's security system.

      fool
      with what?!?! with this?!?! belay
      1. ccsr 19 March 2020 19: 16 New
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        Quote: Fizik M
        with what?!?! with this?!?

        And with this too - so "do not rush to bury us", new boats are lowered from the slipways and they will force Americans to change diapers constantly.
        1. Fizik M 19 March 2020 20: 44 New
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          Quote: ccsr
          new boats are being lowered

          pictured torpedo deck 955 project
          885? get https://topwar.ru/157559-apkr-severodvinsk-proekt-885-jasen-sdan-vmf-s-kriticheskimi-dlja-ego-boesposobnosti-nedodelkami-protivotorpednoj-zaschity-podlodok-vmfhtff
          1. ccsr 20 March 2020 10: 43 New
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            Quote: Fizik M
            pictured torpedo deck 955 project

            What difference does it make to me if they are capable of performing combat missions - I don’t think on your scale.
            1. Fizik M 20 March 2020 13: 34 New
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              Quote: ccsr
              they are capable of completing combat missions -

              be targets for the US Navy PLA and Poseidons?
              Quote: ccsr
              I do not think on your scale.

              of course YOUR it
              1. ccsr 20 March 2020 18: 40 New
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                Quote: Fizik M
                to be targets for US Navy submarines and Poseidons?

                Fear of fear that you could be destroyed in the first minutes of the war? Everything is clear with you ...
  15. leonek16 19 March 2020 13: 14 New
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    Glory to the submariner, uraaaa
  16. Mouse 19 March 2020 13: 32 New
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    HOORAY!!! Happy Holiday !!!! drinks
  17. mik193 19 March 2020 16: 38 New
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    What has passed is gone.
    Living on land is more beneficial.
    But more and more people dream
    With whom he served and lived in the "iron".
    In general, ordinary people
    They say - there are smarter and cooler.
    Who was not there - let him not judge
    Personally, I have not seen better !!!
    Happy holiday, divers!
  18. Fizik M 19 March 2020 17: 41 New
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    He said another 15 years ago, I repeat:

    about military holidays, Day of the Submariner, Navy ..., be it my will - in the morning - a march-throw in full combat gear, then KS-1 smoothly flowing into the throwing of combat grenades, then - KBR for competitive training (moreover with real "perfect" "By NATO zigzas such as 30S, etc.), hours like this for 4-5, the rest of the l / s - BZZH processing, polygons, etc.

    yes, and deputies - separately - dig trenches all day (let them even feel a little military)

    here after that you can BUILD to read the FRESH (and not "yesterday") written order, and then to the hill or to a more comfortable place, depending on the GMU - to CELEBRATE

    All the best!
    laughing
    1. ccsr 19 March 2020 19: 20 New
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      Quote: Fizik M
      about military holidays, Day of the submariner, Navy ..., be my will

      A vigorous cow-you know what ....
      What doesn’t suit you, for example, on a regimental day in the tsarist army, when everyone who served in the regiment was invited, a public prayer, a solemn march, and a festive dinner were invited for all the troops of the regiment? Traditions must be observed, and not offer all garbage from idleness.
      1. Fizik M 19 March 2020 20: 47 New
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        Quote: ccsr
        Well, you know what ....
        What doesn’t suit you, for example, regimental day in

        that to me, unlike sofa balabol (like YOU), I myself will figure it out;)
        him more than his underwater "iron" gave (and still give)

        And frankly, the CRUCKY level of combat training of a significant part of Nakhi’s submarine forces, and the frank poherism of a considerable part of our "corsairs of the depths" negative on their training and military duty
        1. ccsr 20 March 2020 10: 49 New
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          Quote: Fizik M
          him more than his underwater "iron" gave (and still give)

          I repaid my debt elsewhere, and I think no less important than your submarine.
          Quote: Fizik M
          And frankly, the CRUCKY level of combat training of a significant part of Nakha’s submarine forces does not suit me,

          Just don’t have to go around my ears - I’m not one year’s MO order on the state of combat training in the Armed Forces, I listened for my service and signed for it. And then I took measures, and I can say that the shortcomings have always been, are and will be. The whole question of how they are eliminated - you don’t write anything about it, and it immediately tells me a lot, namely that you are already far from all this. On what basis then do you draw conclusions?
          1. Fizik M 20 March 2020 13: 32 New
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            Quote: ccsr
            I repaid my debt elsewhere

            apparently where "mouth shut - the materiel in the source"
            Quote: ccsr
            The whole question is how they are eliminated - you don’t write anything about it,

            do YOU ​​have a vision like?
            clearly and in Russian it was written about this "elimination" in the form of a "tightly hammered bolt"
            Quote: ccsr
            and it immediately tells me a lot, namely that you are already far from all this

            did YOU "blaze"? where am I and what am I doing - NOT YOUR business
            Quote: ccsr
            On what basis then do you draw conclusions?

            knowledge of the real situation and facts
            unlike YOUR "pink pony races"
            1. ccsr 20 March 2020 18: 39 New
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              Quote: Fizik M
              clearly and in Russian it was written about this "elimination" in the form of a "tightly hammered bolt"

              They may have scored you, but this trick didn’t work for us - combat duty didn’t allow us to relate to service this way.
              Quote: Fizik M
              knowledge of the real situation and facts

              How do you know her, if I'm almost 100% sure that you have been on the couch for a long time.
              1. Fizik M 20 March 2020 18: 43 New
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                Quote: ccsr
                They may have scored you,

                I'm not talking about "you" but about the Russian Navy
                Quote: ccsr
                but we didn’t get this trick

                who would doubt it!

                lol
                Quote: ccsr
                if I'm almost 100% sure

                with YOUR cockroaches in your head, please Aibolit
                Sorry, but I do not have a medical education and anti-submarine laughing
  19. Alien From 20 March 2020 00: 11 New
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    I apologize, did not have time to congratulate today .... but better late than never) On the occasion of the sacrament of all involved, the calm sea, seven feet under the keel, let the number of dives be equal to the number of floats !!!!
  20. Fizik M 20 March 2020 18: 45 New
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    Quote: ccsr
    Fear of fear that you could be destroyed in the first minutes of the war? Everything is clear with you ...

    as they say - I wish you a good Aibolit!