Sultan the Drunkard and the war unleashed over wine

Sultan the Drunkard and the war unleashed over wine

Recent events around the situation in the Middle East, which was initiated by the "sultan" of modern Turkey Recep Erdogan, have forced all kinds of experts to analyze the actions of this politician. At the same time, the researchers approached the analysis process from many different angles: from simple self-interest in the energy market to old-fashioned, and therefore traditional Turkish imperial complexes, which the West also traditionally used in its games. However, it seems that they forgot about several options of the Turkish rulers. The option of Turkish rule has always included the possibility of an inadequate approach to decision-making, completely ignoring the possible consequences and desperate intrigue.


So, Selim II, the son of the famous Suleiman I the Magnificent, who became the protagonist of many cheap TV shows for divorced ladies, entered the history not just under his nickname - Drunkard, but tyranny and a tendency to self-confidence.

Selim and his “gray cardinal” - a wine merchant


Selim ascended the throne after the death of his famous father and with the support of Joseph Nasi, whose figure will have a tremendous impact on the Sultan. Nasi, in fact, was the gray cardinal of the Ottoman Empire of those years. Joseph, a Jew by birth, changed more than one name and traveled a lot because of his own ethnicity, so over time he became well versed in diplomacy, banking, which his family was partly involved in, and commerce. The son of a Portuguese court doctor liked Suleiman II, so he was invited to Constantinople and took a number of high posts, including the post of diplomat.


Sultan Selim II

But Joseph himself liked one of the children of Suleiman - Selim. Even before ascending the throne, accompanied by the execution of his brother Selim - Bayazid, Joseph in every way indulged the passions of a young man. Having an extensive network of commercial agents, Joseph obtained not only information, but also the best dishes for Selim II. Entire carts with the best wines and snacks were presented as gifts to the future sultan from Nasi. Some time later, Joseph was unusually fondled by the new ruler - he was appointed a member of the honorary guard, ruler of the city of Tiberias (now Tiberias in northeastern Israel), and later became the duke of Naxos (the Cyclades islands, currently belong to Greece). In addition, Joseph received a monopoly on the sale of wine throughout the Ottoman Empire.

Thus, Nasi possessed truly enormous power. In addition, she was emphasized by the fact that Selim was not at all like his father. He was little interested in military affairs, and he did not go on campaigns, granting this right to his viziers. With much greater enthusiasm, Selim visited his harem and pounced on the next cart of "goodies" from Joseph. However, it is difficult to call Selim an alcoholic, of course, but this passion for abundant libations will be one of the reasons for starting a war, which, on the one hand, will precede his death, and on the other hand, will become the sunset of a powerful favorite.

Harem Reign


In fact, two competing people ruled the Ottoman Empire during the Sultan of Selim - Mehmed Sokollu and the above Joseph Nasi. At the same time, the conquests of the Turks continued, while Selim basked among his concubines and enjoyed wine. So, with his approval in 1569, a campaign was launched against Astrakhan, during which the Turks planned to dig a canal between the Volga and the Don, which would be of crucial strategic importance in future expansion.

Kasim Pasha became the commander of the campaign, under whose command there was an army of about 20 thousand soldiers, including the Janissary and irregular units. Later they connected with the troops of the Crimean Khan Devlet-Girey and moved to Astrakhan, and the workers, who were in the ranks of the military expedition, began to dig a future canal.


Mehmed Sokollu

But the expedition turned into a complete failure. The commanders could not take into account the weather conditions, did not achieve coordination with the Crimean troops and local Nogais and Tatars, as well as their own fleet. Moreover, the necessary supply of troops was not achieved, so the soldiers soon rebelled, the workers also rebelled.

Cyprus war


After the failure of the Astrakhan campaign, which was partly initiated by the great vizier Mehmed Sokoll, the sultan became more lenient to his rival, Joseph. And at this very time, Joseph already hatched plans for a war against Venice at the head of an entire party within the Ottoman Empire, dreaming of the Cypriot land that Venice actually owned. There were, of course, many reasons for starting a war. This competition with Venice, and the natural inertia of the empire to the expansion of possessions, and the wealth of the island, and the presence of Cypriot pirates robbing Muslim ships.

But Joseph's reasons are more hidden. Some believed that Nasi had a purely ethnic dislike of Venice, which, among others, sometimes persecuted Jews. Other sources say that Selim in absentia appropriated his favorite title of King of Cyprus. However, the status of Nasi and the ramified nature of his interests suggest that his desire to start a war could be dictated by dozens of different reasons.

At the same time, according to legend, Joseph Nasi, being a monopolist in the wine trade of the Ottoman Empire, hoped to gain full ownership of the Cypriot wine trade, whose fame went throughout the Mediterranean. According to the same legend, one of the arguments that ultimately persuaded the Sultan to start a war was just Cypriot wine. Of course, the argument seems ridiculous and far-fetched already in mythology. However, there is still a degree of objectivity in this, since for Selim such an argument, expressed privately, would be completely logical. After all, it is Selim who is credited with the following words:

“The true happiness of the king or emperor does not lie in the labors or glory gained in battles, but in the inaction and tranquility of feelings, in enjoying all the pleasures and comfort in the palaces, which are full of women and jesters, and in fulfilling all their desires, whether it’s jewels, palaces, covered camps and stately buildings. ”



Joseph Nasi and his aunt Grace

One way or another, but the Cyprus war began. Sultan out of habit watched her from afar, periodically from the harem with a glass of wine in his hand. The direct hostilities were led by Lala Mustafa Pasha (a mentor of the sons of the Sultan, nicknamed the Cypriot Conqueror) and Piyale Pasha (Admiral and Second Vizier of the Sultan). The omnipresent Nasi also played a role. So, it was his agents who were suspected of organizing the undermining of the Venetian shipyards, however, the sabotage had few consequences than later reported to the Sultan.

In the year 1570, the Ottomans attacked Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus. The war lasted until the year 1573. The Ottomans captured all the important cities of Cyprus and even ravaged the island of Hvar in the Adriatic (now belongs to Croatia). Participated in the battle and the people of Nasi, in particular, Francisco Coronello, who actually commanded the personal fleet of the powerful Joseph. It would seem that the sultan and his clever favorite could celebrate the victory if the results of the war were not so mixed in view of the colossal defeat of the Ottoman fleet at the battle of Lepanto. This defeat inflicted great damage on the Ottoman Empire and its invincible reputation on the sea. Ottoman was now impossible to talk about any dominance in the Mediterranean Sea.

Sunset of Selim and his favorite


In part, the outbreak of the Cypriot war was one of those domino bones that, having crumbled, eventually led to the weakening of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 17th century. From the beginning of the mid-16th century, the Ottomans entered a period of rebellion and intrigue, which was facilitated by Selim, who rested on his laurels. His tyranny and immoderation in the passions led to a shameful end.


Battle of Lepanto

The favorite, who continued to bombard his benefactor with wine and food, not taking into account his young age, was a little too far. As a result, in 1574, 51-year-old Selim died in the Topkapi Palace, drowned drunk in the bath of his own harem. Death was hidden for several days so that the son of Selim Murad could arrive in the capital. Upon the arrival of the heir, who was proclaimed Murad III, all his younger rival brothers were killed. A significant role in this was played by the opponent of Nasi - Mehmed Sokollu.

Murad III continued to rule in the style of his father. However, Joseph Nasi lost all his influence at court. Of course, they left behind their former posts and his income almost did not decrease, but it was impossible to dream of the former brilliance. Nasi could no longer fully protect the rights of Jews in the empire and build rabbinical schools. He barely kept the past patronage of arts. The rest of his life, Joseph, who once influenced the politics of all of Europe, spent in solitude away from business, fearing for his life. Immediately after the death of Nasi in 1579, the Sultan Murad seized all his property. By an evil irony of fate, in the same year 1579, Nasi's once main competitor, the great vizier Mehmed Sokollu, died at the hands of the killers.
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka 15 March 2020 05: 55 New
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    Thanks for the work, but a little messy, which is basically not typical for you. Was this surprising?
    Resolve the question, after all, what was the constant tyranny of Selim !!!?
    Well, a man drank, well, walked around the women, well, did not shine with intelligence in the sofa and the sword of Allah in the heat of battle?
    So Duc Sultan or who? The fact that the Turks overestimated themselves in the campaign to Astrakhan, is for us for happiness. In other matters, on the contrary, the governor of Ivan the Terrible IV (led by Prince Romadanov) worked off with a bang to repulse the Turkish invasion!
    The fact that they did not bring their hard labor (heavy galleys) to the Volga was also to our advantage, since we could not have been able to counter 14 cannon galleys, except for the artillery of the fortresses.
    Regards, Kote!
    1. knn54 15 March 2020 09: 08 New
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      This was the beginning of the sunset of the Great Port.
      Roksolana "peculiarly" avenged the Ottomans with the help of her sons ...
      1. Insurgent 15 March 2020 09: 26 New
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        Quote: knn54
        Roksolana "peculiarly" avenged the Ottomans with the help of her sons ...

        Yes, she was not going to "take revenge", her fifth point (with everything else) as a result of successful palace intrigues, and the elimination of competitors, she felt herself very comfortable in the Ottoman Empire. It just degenerated ... Selim is a drunkard.
      2. antivirus 16 March 2020 08: 42 New
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        the number matters - the sum of many nations without the predominant "state-forming" gives a mess, and not fusion-fusion.
        culture matters.
        ... and unity of aspirations.
        national Turkey determined its size long before 1920
    2. Machito 15 March 2020 10: 54 New
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      There was not only Astrakhan. There was also the Battle of Molodi. The decline of the Ottoman Empire began with an attack on Russia.
      Russia buried the imperial ambitions of many peoples. The United States hasn’t tacked it yet, though the time hasn’t passed much.
    3. Marine engineer 15 March 2020 12: 06 New
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      "Governor of Ivan the Terrible IV (led by Prince Romadanov) in repelling the Turkish invasion worked with a bang!"

      Grigory Grigorievich Romodanovsky commanded the Russian troops in the Chigirins campaigns a hundred years later.
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka 15 March 2020 13: 36 New
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        I could be mistaken, wrote from memory!
  2. DMB 75 15 March 2020 06: 02 New
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    “The true happiness of the king or emperor is not in the labors or glory gained in the battles, but in the inaction and tranquility of the senses, in enjoying all the pleasures and comfort in the palaces, which are full of women

    Let me join the words of Selim! For weakness has always been to women and guilt ...
    1. Aerodrome 15 March 2020 06: 12 New
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      Quote: DMB 75
      Let me join the words of Selim! For weakness has always been to women and guilt ...

      it is better than war and blood. drinks
      1. Talgarets 15 March 2020 06: 56 New
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        Forbidden, but adultery in many religions is considered a sin, which does not prevent any king from having an official lover wink
  3. Kot_Kuzya 15 March 2020 06: 26 New
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    Isn't it forbidden for Muslims to drink alcohol?
    1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 07: 55 New
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      Kemal Atatürk drank vodka from a teapot during the Palestinian heat. His drinking companions were Russian Jews - Zionists, who were very happy to find such a person in the hole, which was Palestine at the beginning of the 20th century laughing
      1. rich 15 March 2020 12: 12 New
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        then it will be more correct - not drinking companions, but - from teapots wink
        1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 12: 18 New
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          More precisely, a drink for dummies laughing
    2. dzvero 15 March 2020 09: 10 New
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      Forbidden, especially when God is watching. So under the roof and in the shade - you can.
    3. Aviator_ 15 March 2020 12: 43 New
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      It is forbidden to drink grape wine. And vodka in the days of the Prophet Muhammad was not yet. Again, Allah does not have night shifts, but at night they relaxed.
      1. Fat
        Fat 15 March 2020 15: 57 New
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        Quote: Aviator_
        It is forbidden to drink grape wine.

        So, beer, cider, vodka, whiskey, calvados, tequila are not prohibited, but cognac with port is already ...
        For the first time, Arab chemists got alcohol from wine in the VI – VII centuries; the method for producing alcohol is contained in the records of the Persian alchemist Ar-Razi.
        Muhammad and moonshine peers
        1. Aviator_ 15 March 2020 16: 26 New
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          I got it, but how popular was his strong drink? Of course, the Qur'an can be interpreted in different ways, but it has been known about wine for several thousand years (by the way, about beer too), and the ban only touched on wine.
          1. Fat
            Fat 15 March 2020 16: 38 New
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            Quote: Aviator_
            I got it, but how popular was his strong drink? Of course, the Qur'an can be interpreted in different ways, but it has been known about wine for several thousand years (by the way, about beer too), and the ban only touched on wine.

            As far as I know, any alcohol does not belong to halal products.
            But much is forgiven to soldiers and patients ...
            Yes, yes, Jews can thump. Kosher wine))))
            1. Aviator_ 15 March 2020 16: 44 New
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              Yes, yes, Jews can thump.

              It is only a pity that they are forbidden to bite tsibule with bacon.
              1. Fat
                Fat 15 March 2020 17: 21 New
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                Quote: Aviator_
                Yes, yes, Jews can thump.

                It is only a pity that they are forbidden to bite tsibule with bacon.

                I can add interesting about the harem ..
                The word "harem" comes from the Arabic "haram" (Arabic. Неرم, not to be confused with Arabic. ,رام, which is the same root word, but means "forbidden" in Sharia), which means "forbidden, sacred place" Wiki
                How can you NOT TOGETHER when words both write and pronounce the same way?
                1. rich 15 March 2020 17: 55 New
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                  How can you NOT TOGETHER when words are written the same way?

                  Is it the same? "حرم" и "حرام" . Visually the difference is obvious
                  1. Fat
                    Fat 17 March 2020 07: 09 New
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                    Quote: Rich
                    Is it the same? "حرم" and "حرام". Visually the difference is obvious

                    Alif, I didn’t notice ... Guilty ...
  4. Phil77 15 March 2020 06: 35 New
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    And Kirkorov looks a lot like this Joseph Nasi depicted in the engraving. laughing
    1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 07: 55 New
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      Well I say - Romanian!
      1. Insurgent 15 March 2020 11: 08 New
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        Quote: Krasnodar
        Well I say - Romanian!

        So he is Bulgarian belay lol
        1. Phil77 15 March 2020 11: 39 New
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          Quote: Insurgent
          Quote: Krasnodar
          Well I say - Romanian!

          Quote: Insurgent
          So he is Bulgarian

          And now all together!
          * I say Romanian.
          So he is a Bulgarian.
          Who cares!* laughing
          1. Insurgent 15 March 2020 11: 50 New
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            Quote: Phil77
            And now all together!

            So it should have looked yes
            "Wholesale" laughing
            1. Phil77 15 March 2020 11: 52 New
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              The film is good, and quotes from it came to the place!
              1. rich 15 March 2020 21: 31 New
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                Phil77 (Sergey): And Kirkorov looks a lot like this Joseph Nasi, depicted in the engraving "Joseph Nasi and his aunt Grace"

                Yes, and Aunt Gracia - spilled Pugacheva wink
  5. Paul Siebert 15 March 2020 08: 24 New
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    Immediately the analogy arises of the ever-drunk Tsar Boris and his nimble favorites.
    Semibankirshchina.
    The war, almost lost by the efforts of a corrupt camarilla.
    "Wise" advisers willing to trade in people on both sides of the front.
    The Sultan was called "Magnificent." The tsar has no way.
    "Yeltsin Center" screaming about "splendor" idle.
    Maybe Boris the Destroyer will do? wink
    1. tihonmarine 15 March 2020 10: 21 New
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      Quote: Paul Siebert
      Maybe Boris the Destroyer will do?

      Maybe “Borka kvasnik” will do.
      1. Machito 15 March 2020 10: 56 New
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        EBN is cooler. Well it is necessary to have such stellar initials.
      2. rich 15 March 2020 13: 16 New
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        The first president of Russia after the era of the secretariat in the KGB-shny documents passed as "Bespaly". The most popular popular nickname of the first President of Russia is the nickname - Grandfather. Chef ordered his subordinates to call themselves simply. Yeltsin’s opposition dubbed him the three letters of EBN. In the press, such nicknames Yaytsyn and Oryol-Gorynych were noticed. In 1999, the set of Yeltsin’s nicknames was replenished thanks to MK reporters, who, comparing the percentage ratings of B. Yeltsin and S. Stepashin, nicknamed the president 1/6 Stepashin.
        link: https: //regrus.ru/content/publication/1923
        1. Astra wild 15 March 2020 20: 37 New
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          Rich, you are ubiquitous: they provided Albi to the "Sultan" and KGB papers checked
          1. rich 15 March 2020 20: 55 New
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            Yes, I helped him a lot with Albi, the head of the passport office there was stubborn - I didn’t want to register him in any. I had to solve the issue through the mayor laughing
      3. gsev 15 March 2020 22: 52 New
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        Quote: tihonmarine
        Maybe “Borka kvasnik” will do.

        If Selim is a drunkard, then Borka is an alcoholic.
  6. Fat
    Fat 15 March 2020 09: 27 New
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    I have a question. Why is the portrait of Selim II inscribed GHAZI SULTAN SELIM KHAN III? The years of rule coincide, but why III?
  7. Operator 15 March 2020 09: 52 New
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    Jews are not lucky forever - the Holy Land was spoiled by the Romans, working as assistants to the Arab invaders, reached the Inquisition and deportation, serving the Ottoman invaders lost all their commerce in the East, feeding from the hands of Polish colonialists ran into the Haidamaks, zealously participating in the WWI on the side of Germany and Austria Hungary received a response from the local genocide, carrying out subversive work against Russian statehood and played up to 0,1% of the population of Russia.

    Having received their statehood from the hands of the USSR, the Israelis continue to "eat a cactus": cooperate with terrorists in Syria, support Bandera’s power in Ukraine, supply Georgia with weapons, etc. etc. - Type Americans (Romans, Arabs, Ottomans, Poles, Germans, Communists) will help them.
    1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 10: 48 New
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      Don’t say that for 3,5 thousand years of mistakes, a nation that has preserved its language, religion and even restored statehood has not been taught anything request
      1. tihonmarine 15 March 2020 11: 32 New
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        Quote: Krasnodar
        Don’t say that for 3,5 thousand years of mistakes, a nation that has preserved its language, religion and even restored statehood has not been taught anything

        Well done, survived, preserved. And the state turned out not bad. In the question "taught nothing," you can not put such an answer. Everything is much more complicated, and you know that. I always have one question for you: "Why 3000 years, you did not have a state?".
        1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 12: 19 New
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          2000
          Because of causeless hatred for each other
          1. Dur_mod2 15 March 2020 13: 20 New
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            It can be added because of politics - both yours and ours, as a result no one loves Jews, because of opportunism, in Ukraine this is especially evident. I already wrote once, Bandera people were buried in the old Jewish cemetery and a monument was erected to them, so one Jew from Canada funded it, the second - the rabbi sanctified it, and only the third expressed his protest. On the one hand, this allows the Jews to survive, on the other hand, it causes them to say the least - disrespect.
            1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 13: 57 New
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              Yes, and the monument was with a cross, behind the cemetery, and the rabbi consecrated it laughing
              We have already discussed this nonsense - why raise it in a new way? laughing
              1. Dur_mod2 15 March 2020 16: 08 New
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                This is a fact, and then you quietly merged and did not answer. Or should I look for a link again ?? Smile your shame will not work.
                1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 20: 27 New
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                  lol I will answer again:
                  https://regnum.ru/news/polit/2698438.html
                  Reference
                  The Chief Rabbi of Ukraine, Yakov Dov Bleich, together with the Ambassador of Canada and the head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church Svyatoslav, as well as the head of the Ukrainian schismatics Epiphanius Dumenko, unveiled and consecrated the monument to the “heroes” of the OUN-UPA

                  Quote
                  Question - the Ambassador of Canada, too, consecrated? )))
                  Quote from the same article:
                  Dolinsky emphasizes that the monument is dedicated to people who organized a Jewish pogrom in Sambir in July 1941, during which about 100 people were killed.

                  The same Bandera, being in the ranks of the Ukrainian auxiliary police, participated in the massacre of 1200 Sambir Jews. The victims were buried in this very cemetery, where a monument was unveiled to the killers today.

                  Dolinsky - head of the Jewish Committee of Ukraine
                  Next:
                  According to Dolinsky, the new monument was built as part of the deal. Under the terms of this transaction, local authorities agreed to remove illegally installed crosses in exchange for the construction of the OUN-UPA monument (an organization whose activities are prohibited in the Russian Federation).

                  hi
                  And what did the rabbi "sanctify" there? laughing
                  1. Operator 16 March 2020 00: 11 New
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                    With his presence, the rabbi consecrated the same thing as the Canadian ambassador and the head of the Ukrainian Jewish Committee - a cemetery monument to Holocaust participants.

                    Damn, well, the deal with the Jews.
                    1. Krasnodar 16 March 2020 01: 24 New
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                      I get it. The rabbi is holy fellow
                      The head of the Ukrainian Jewish Committee was not present there - he condemns. Read the article.
        2. rich 15 March 2020 12: 22 New
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          Eastern wind: He traveled a lot because of his own ethnicity.

          I have a vague suspicion what And what, Konyukhov - ... too ??? belay
          Krasnodar, dear, do not prolong the intrigue, tell me how it is winked
          1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 12: 48 New
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            Nayn laughing Konyukhov - Sermyazhnyy esm..good fellow. Not interested in Dry.
  8. Butchcassidy 15 March 2020 10: 35 New
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    I would not compare Selim and Erdogan. Erdogan is a sly fox, not a drunkard.
    1. rich 15 March 2020 12: 56 New
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      Erdogan is not a drunkard!

      I confirm. I personally have never seen him drunk. The place of residence is characterized positively. She doesn’t smoke at the entrance, doesn’t gnaw seeds, she always greets her neighbors. In his free time, he plays with men in the courtyard in a domino or repairs an old moped yes
      1. Butchcassidy 15 March 2020 15: 08 New
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        So far, Erdogan has demonstrated the wonders of political survival.
      2. Xenofont 15 March 2020 17: 50 New
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        "He was not noticed in drunkenness, but in the mornings he eagerly drank well water ..."
    2. tihonmarine 15 March 2020 13: 27 New
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      Quote: ButchCassidy
      I would not compare Selim and Erdogan. Erdogan is a sly fox, not a drunkard.

      Nothing, from that mess that he made, Edik will soon sing as Selim.
      1. Butchcassidy 15 March 2020 15: 10 New
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        Quote: tihonmarine
        Nothing, from that mess that he made, Edik will soon sing as Selim.

        Do not drink. He is a religiously motivated politician. The Justice and Development Party of Erdogan is the political wing of the Turkish Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia).
      2. Insurgent 16 March 2020 01: 59 New
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        Quote: tihonmarine
        Nothing, from that mess that he made, Edik will soon sing as Selim.

        Moreover, half of Cyprus is his ...
  9. 7gor 15 March 2020 10: 40 New
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    Thanks for the history lesson. good
  10. Operator 15 March 2020 14: 58 New
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    Quote: Krasnodar
    a nation ... that restored statehood

    hands of the USSR and the USA.

    The problem of the Jews lies in bloated conceit.
    1. Krasnodar 15 March 2020 21: 50 New
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      And Santiago. Chile. Together with Nicaragua.
  11. sidoroff 15 March 2020 16: 28 New
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    The Ottomans 150 years methodically ousted infidels from the Eastern Mediterranean, cut off the supply routes of Cyprus, and finally decided
    to take Cyprus, which is statistically located, for the sake of wine in unlimited quantities.
  12. Astra wild 15 March 2020 17: 59 New
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    Apparently, the Sultan was already tired of drinking wine and he decided to bathe in wine? Case in point that excess is harmful to health
    Colleagues, look at Selim and do not get carried away with excesses
    1. Phil77 15 March 2020 18: 14 New
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      Aha! The question to the palace architect is first and foremost. They hobbled around pools anywhere, but it’s impossible to pass a drunk person! laughing No health effects.
      1. Svarog51 16 March 2020 06: 50 New
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        Namesake hi He drank in a harem, so he was not alone. Maybe his concubines? belay Not divided?
        1. Phil77 16 March 2020 08: 10 New
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          Good morning! * To the question, to such
          There is a simple answer,
          If I were a sultan.
          Would be single! * / Caucasian captive /.
          1. Svarog51 16 March 2020 09: 00 New
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            There is another look - from the eunuch from the harem, however, of another sultan.
            1. Phil77 16 March 2020 12: 49 New
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              Well, it’s a eunuch! * Let the women command! *. laughing
              1. Svarog51 16 March 2020 14: 41 New
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                There the sultan is also colorfully drawn. wink
  13. sivuch 15 March 2020 19: 32 New
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    Basically, Joseph was wildly lucky. Usually the vizier’s posts were lost along with his head.
    By the way, a-Nasi is probably not a name. In Hebrew, ה-nasi is a prince or ruler. In modern Israel, Nashi is the president of the state.
    1. Krasnodar 16 March 2020 01: 26 New
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      Vizier. Joseph aNasi - Joseph Vizier