Dead on Tierra del Fuego. In memory of the Hero of the Soviet Union Galina Petrova


On International Women's Day, I would like to congratulate those women to whom we owe our lives, but on earth they cannot be given flowers. You can only bring the bouquets to the monument. One of these women is the Hero of the Soviet Union Galina Konstantinovna Petrova. In September of this year, she would have turned 100 years old, but fate measured her only 23 years old.


Her short but vibrant life is closely connected with the sea. Galya was born on September 9, 1920 in the family of a sailor. A significant part of her childhood was spent in Novorossiysk, where in 1937 she graduated with honors from school No. 1. Then the girl married Anatoly Zheleznov, who was soon called up for the Soviet-Finnish war, and after that he took part in the defense of Leningrad ...

Of course, then the young family did not yet know about the upcoming trials. There was a hopeful youth, birth of a son, dreams of the future ... In 1940, Galina went to study in Novocherkassk, where she entered the Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute at the Forestry Department. Little son Kostya remained with his grandmother, Antonina Nikitichnaya, in Novorossiysk.

War crossed out plans


The future heroine managed to graduate at the institute only one year - the Great Patriotic War broke out. In July 1941, Galina went to Novorossiysk to her mother and son. Like millions of Soviet girls, she wanted to get to the front, she draped on the thresholds of the military enlistment office. They did not want to send the young mother to the war, citing the fact that she did not have skills useful for the front. Then G. Petrova went to study at the feldsher school in Krasnodar.

After completing the courses, Galina was sent to the hospital of Novorossiysk (according to other sources, to the 43rd naval hospital in Gelendzhik). The hard, tense, almost round-the-clock work of the young woman was not enough - she wholeheartedly strove for the front line. Especially after in 1942 she received the tragic news of the death of her husband Anatoly. Yes, and the enemy was eager for Novorossiysk.

Then she was transferred to the Marine Corps battalion. Galina showed herself to be a selfless nurse and a reliable companion. When the fall of 1943 began to prepare for the landing on the Kerch Peninsula, she was honored to be elected to the number of participants in the upcoming operation, important and dangerous.

The training took place on the Taman Peninsula near the Fanagoria fortress. They made a mock-up on which the soldiers worked out the assault on enemy positions in the village of Eltigen.

The participant of the Kerch-Eltigen landing operation V.F. Gladkov wrote in his book of memoirs:

“The chief medical officer of the medical examiner Galina Petrova had golden hair, knocking out from under her battered earflaps, and wonderful blue eyes. She was of medium height, in the full bloom of her sweet youth - a little over twenty years old. Even a hungry rations could not extinguish the young blush. She stayed in a sailor environment, as between brothers, with the simplicity and dignity of her beloved sister. ”

Gladkov told how the commander of the front, Army General I.E. Petrov met with his namesake during the exercises and asked if they were relatives. The following dialogue took place between them:

- I like history and navy.
“What did the fleet seduce you with?”
- People at sea are brave, fearless. My dream is to get to the marines ... True, comrade commander, this is my biggest dream now.
- Fighting girl, as I look.
- No, I want to be fighting, if you knew how I want this!

"Tierra del fuego"


Eltigen at that time was a small fishing village near Kerch. Later it was renamed to Heroevskoye, the people called the village Heroyevka, but the previous name was still heard.

The places where Galina Petrova had a chance to fight were created by nature for human joys, healing, and enjoyment of beauty, but in those years shells burst there, blood poured and enormous human grief reigned.

As the poetess Julia Drunina, a participant in the Great Patriotic War, writes later:

Pulling their Texans to their knees
On the edge of the beach, girls laugh.
But I see a spa tonight
Here "Tierra del Fuego" is Eltigen.

This poem is dedicated to a frontline nurse. And although there is no exact information, it is possible that it is for her - Galina Petrova.

... Of the compasses of dead boats
The girl drains alcohol from the sanbat,
Though he’s now useless for the wounded,
Although at this hour they do not need anything.
In captivity of bandages, in earthly darkness
They look with a wary look ...

On the night of November 1, 1943, people were definitely not up to admiring the beauties of this wonderful land. The sea was desperately storming, enemy fire was fired from the Kerch coast. Marines marched on ships to the landing site. The positions of the Nazis were very well strengthened.

The first to land on Tierra del Fuego was a battalion of Major Belyakov, which included Galina. An obstacle arose in the way of the landing: barbed wire, and behind it - a minefield. Someone shouted: “Minesmen here!”, But the delay threatened to disrupt the operation. And then the medical officer Petrova decided. Overcoming the wire fence, she shouted: “Follow me! There are no mines! ”

Whether it was a false minefield or the soldiers were lucky, but the obstacle was overcome. Truly, what was left for the men to do when the woman called them forward?

In all subsequent battles, Galina showed unprecedented courage, saving the wounded, helping them under heavy fire of the enemy. She was called Comrade Life, considered the pride of the battalion. In the first battle in Eltigen, she saved more than twenty soldiers.

Petrova was introduced to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. November 17, 1943 she was awarded it. Did she find out about the well-deserved reward? It is unknown ... Data on the date of the death of the heroine vary - some sources say that she died on November 8, in others - December 8.

The most common version is this: Galina received shrapnel wounds on November 2, when she ran from one wounded soldier to another. Both legs were seriously damaged. The wounded was sent to the hospital, under which they adapted the school of the village.

To encourage a comrade, comrades said that she was presented for the award and she would soon go to Moscow. But Galina dreamed of seeing her son and mother. By the way, until the last day she had with her a small particle of her home - a toy of her child carried through all the fights.

On November 8, a fascist shell hit the school building. Patients in an impromptu hospital, including Galina Petrova, died. Wikipedia, however, has a different death date - December 8th.

One way or another, but the brave nurse who gave her life for the liberation of the Motherland was buried there, near Kerch, in a village called “Tierra del Fuego”.

Streets in Nikolaev, Sevastopol, Tuapse, Novocherkassk, Novorossiysk and, of course, in Kerch are named after her. She erected monuments in southern cities. Books about her were written - “The Girl from Tierra del Fuego” (Y. Evdokimov, 1958) and “Galina Petrova - Pride of the Black Sea fleet"(A.N. Zadyrko and GG Zadyrko, published in Nikolaev in 2010). Unfortunately, these books are not publicly available.

In addition, the heroic nurse was forever listed on the 386th Separate Marine Battalion of the Red Banner Black Sea Fleet. She became the first woman in the fleet to be awarded the Golden Star of the Hero.

... Galina Petrova Street in the center of Tuapse is one of the busiest. Now showcases of expensive shops shine on it, brisk trade is underway, grandmothers sell bouquets of mimosas and tulips for the holiday. And on one of the houses there is a barely noticeable plaque with a portrait of the one in whose honor the street is named. On a gray stone it is written that Galina Petrova was a participant in the defense of this southern city (no details could be found about this).

Author:
Photos used:
kbmk.kirov.ru, 2gis.com
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  1. DMB 75 8 March 2020 05: 26 New
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    Thank you very much to the Author for articles about our dear and beloved women, especially on such a day! Happy Spring and Dear Elena, and all the readers of VO !!! hi
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 March 2020 06: 37 New
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      I think it will not be superfluous on behalf of the members of the forum perhaps the most masculine site to congratulate our soul mates, wives, mothers, daughters on Women's Day. Wish love, understanding, happiness and health, and most importantly the fulfillment of large and small desires and aspirations!
      Hyp-Hype Hooray!
      Regards, Sincerely Your Cat!
      1. Edward Vashchenko 8 March 2020 09: 49 New
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        Sincerely support!
      2. Sklendarka 8 March 2020 11: 16 New
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        ,, ... our wives, guns are charged
        who are our wives !!! ... "
        All the best half of humanity with a holiday !!!
        1. 210ox 8 March 2020 12: 50 New
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          I bow to you. Generation of the 20s .. Who carried out this grief on their shoulders and gained Victory .. Especially for the girls ..
  2. Same lech 8 March 2020 06: 02 New
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    Many women will give odds to weak-minded men ... now you often see this.
    Thank you Elena for the article and Happy March 8 to you! love
  3. Soviet Union 8 March 2020 09: 30 New
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    Heroes Everlasting memory.
    The history and feat of the People in the Great Patriotic War must be studied in schools from a separate subject.
  4. Ros 56 8 March 2020 09: 52 New
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    Eternal memory to the Heroes.
    And all women with the holiday.
  5. Edward Vashchenko 8 March 2020 09: 53 New
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    Every year, before Victory Day, we children, first of October, then pioneers, laid flowers at the monument to this heroic girl!
    It was a living story for us!

    Happy holiday dear women!
  6. ccsr 8 March 2020 13: 00 New
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    This is how the place where the Eltigen landing took place today looks like. In the village there is a small museum and documents from the time of the Great Patriotic War were collected.



  7. Astra wild 8 March 2020 17: 27 New
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    Elena, thank you for the story of the beautiful girl. She loved her husband, son and mother, but most of all she loved her homeland.
    I, as a woman, care about the fate of her son
    1. elenagromova 8 March 2020 19: 18 New
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      He became a naval officer and served in the Navy for many years.
  8. Astra wild 8 March 2020 17: 44 New
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    Dear colleagues, they remember Galina Petrova, and how many heroines remained unknown!
    Cases of such heroines can be stored in archives, but they were forgotten or for some reason did not want to be remembered. How wonderful it is if someone talks about them.
  9. 1970mk 8 March 2020 21: 11 New
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    In there were people, country, ideology ... Eternal to them Memory and praise. Would you volunteer now?
    1. ccsr 9 March 2020 11: 36 New
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      Quote: 1970mk
      . Would you volunteer now?

      In the memoirs of V.F. Gladkova described that the landed paratroopers included both fines and even had their own military tribunal and military prosecutor. Penalties were removed from the convictions already during the fighting - they also died and were injured, which allowed their relatives to receive all the benefits provided by law for the dead soldiers.
      Here is the place where all this happened, and you can understand what small bridgehead the paratroopers held:

  10. Old26 8 March 2020 21: 52 New
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    In 1940, Galina went to study in Novocherkassk, where she entered the Institute of Land Reclamation at the Forestry Department.

    Elena! Thanks for the article and Happy Holiday! The only thing that does not correspond to reality is the place of study of Galina Petrova. She studied at the NPI (Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute), and not at them. On the building of the Faculty of Energy there is a memorial plaque, and next to the main building of the NPI is its monument (bust). And Galina Petrova Street adjoins the Polytech
    This is her monument near the Main building of the NPI (now SRSTU named after Platov) on Enlightenment Street
    1. elenagromova 8 March 2020 22: 12 New
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      When collecting information, I noticed that there are discrepancies as to which university of Novocherkassk she studied at. There are plaques on the buildings of both institutes. But ... The Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute is her own business, and there is Galina Petrova's application for admission to study and other documents, including the Institute's certificate, that she was enrolled in the L-1-2 group, that is, to the forest department.
  11. Old26 9 March 2020 00: 24 New
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    Quote: elenagromova
    When collecting information, I noticed that there are discrepancies as to which university of Novocherkassk she studied at. There are plaques on the buildings of both institutes. But ... The Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute is her own business, and there is Galina Petrova's application for admission to study and other documents, including the Institute's certificate, that she was enrolled in the L-1-2 group, that is, to the forest department.

    I will not argue, Elena, but in most sources it is written that she is a student of NPI, and in rather serious publications. Actually, there are some inconsistencies in her biography. In particular, in one of the printed sources it is written that in 1941 she went to nursing courses in Krasnodar, and on the memorial plaque at the NPI’s energy faculty it is written that from 1940 to 1942 she studied at the NPI ...
    The first thing that is still being said to applicants is about famous people and heroes. And Galina Petrova was always mentioned.
    And the monument was erected near the main building of the NPI, and not near them. There are a lot of questions, But anyway, thanks for the article ...
  12. Astra wild 9 March 2020 16: 28 New
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    Quote: elenagromova
    He became a naval officer and served in the Navy for many years.

    Thank you very much. The son did not shame his mother