PRC media criticized Syria’s air defense system. And what is air defense of China itself?


Chinese media have criticized Soviet and Russian-made Syrian air defense systems. In this regard, the question arises as to which air defense systems China uses.


The implementation of programs to modernize the armed forces of China has yielded results. Now China has one of the most advanced air defense and missile defense systems in the world. Of course, the Chinese air defense system is inferior to the Russian and American, but compares favorably with the air defense of most other countries of the world.

The basis of the combat power of China's anti-aircraft missile forces, which are part of the structure of the country's air force, are Soviet, Russian and Chinese anti-aircraft missile systems. Firstly, these are the S-300PMU-1 and S-300PMU-2, delivered to China in the 1990s - 2000s. Secondly, these are not so long ago delivered S-400s. But the scale of supplies of S-400 to China is much smaller in volume when compared with supplies of S-300PMU. Thirdly, these are actually Chinese anti-aircraft missile systems.

Now China is gradually replacing the S-300PMU SAM system of its own production. For example, in the vicinity of Shanghai, instead of the S-300PMU anti-aircraft missile battalion, the HQ-9A air defense missile division was deployed. According to U.S. intelligence, by 2018, the PLA had 16 divisions of anti-aircraft missile systems HQ-9 and HQ-9A.

The maximum range of the air defense system is 200 km, the height of interception is from 500 meters to 30 km, the range of interception of BRs is 30 km. An anti-aircraft missile system is deployed in 6 minutes.

It is interesting that the HQ-9 air defense system, having borrowed a lot from the S-300PMU anti-aircraft missile systems, is not a modification of them. In particular, American experts write that the HT-233 multifunctional radar has some similarities with the AN / MPQ-53 radar, which is used in the Patriot air defense system of the USA.


Apparently, the Chinese, according to their usual method, took the best from both Soviet and Russian, and American models of anti-aircraft missile weapons. Representatives of the PLA argue that the modification of the HQ-9C / B air defense system is not inferior to the Russian S-300PMU-2 anti-aircraft missile system in its key characteristics.

At the same time, the Chinese media very positively evaluate the new Russian S-500 air defense system. So, an enthusiastic article about the S-500 air defense system was published by the Chinese edition of Sina:

The combat effectiveness of the entire complex will be several times greater than the effectiveness of any modern air defense system in the world. For comparison, all previous air defense systems are also inferior to the S-500.

In addition to the HQ-9 air defense system, the PLA is also armed with the NQ-16A air defense system, which was also used to create the Buk Russian anti-aircraft missile systems. In total, in the PLAk there are at least 4 divisions of similar air defense systems. The Chinese equivalent of the "Shell-C1" can be called FK-1000.

Air defense cannot be imagined without radar stations. In China, the radio engineering forces are also part of the PLA Air Force and are armed with the YLC-2 and YLC-18 radars. YLC-2, which forms the basis of the RTV PLA, in the early 2000s. It underwent modernization, after which it received a new digital signal processor and became able to detect enemy air targets, including stealth, at a distance of 200 km. In addition to the radar, the PLA also has about 20 AWACS aircraft.

The main focus of the Chinese air defense is to protect the country's largest cities - Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin, industrial zones and infrastructure in Hebei province and in the Yangtze and Pearl River Delta. At one time, China, due to the weak development of air defense systems in the 1950s and 1970s, was very vulnerable to attack from the north. Therefore, the main task was to provide cover from possible attacks from the USSR.

After the collapse of the USSR and the change in the global political situation, the United States became the likely No. 1 opponent for China, respectively, and the main lines of defense have changed - today attacks are expected from American bases in Japan and South Korea and ships in the Pacific Ocean. Areas near the Taiwan Strait are also considered as strategically important zones.

The undoubted advantage of China's air defense is that it is constantly being modernized. China invests heavily in improving existing and developing new air defense systems, perfectly understanding their need in modern conditions.
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  1. 7,62h54 5 March 2020 12: 13 New
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    Or maybe her this help to create a SPRN?
    1. Alexander Suvorov 5 March 2020 12: 27 New
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      The Chinese, as always, steal from everyone to whom they reached out and copied. Moreover, the Chinese copy rarely reaches the original. But how much pathos, but here we have ... And what about you? So far, their own developments are minuscule, mostly copies of everything that they could play around the world. Yes, in the future it is possible even soon, we will see something Chinese and quite possibly even very worthwhile, but for now we have a Chinese copy of Kalash, and of very poor quality.
      In addition, China has so classified everything related to Chinese weapons that it has probably surpassed the USSR in terms of secrecy. So what about the effectiveness of Chinese copies of air defense systems, I would beware.
      China really wants to squeeze Russia and the US on the arms market, but so far it’s not very successful. And to some extent, it is the secrecy surrounding their armaments that prevents this. Who will buy a pig in a poke without knowing the true characteristics? It is true, and not presented in Chinese booklets, because hardly anyone believes in the world in these booklets.
      So we will see what they do. But, the Chinese are stubborn, so sooner or later they will portray something.
      1. knn54 5 March 2020 13: 19 New
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        The question is why the Yankees do not apply their sanctions to buyers (and they are) of Chinese air defense systems?
      2. ser56 5 March 2020 15: 25 New
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        Quote: Alexander Suvorov
        that they could play around the world.

        do not share with whom we stole the S-400 or S-500? Well, or shell?
        1. letinant 5 March 2020 16: 00 New
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          Quote: ser56
          Quote: Alexander Suvorov
          that they could play around the world.

          do not share with whom we stole the S-400 or S-500? Well, or shell?


          What are you talking about now?
          1. ser56 5 March 2020 16: 21 New
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            Quote: letinant
            What are you talking about now?

            you are not careful:
            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            What about you? So far, their own developments are minuscule, mostly copies of everything that they could play around the world
            1. Alexander Suvorov 5 March 2020 16: 39 New
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              ser56 (Sergey)
              you are not careful:
              Quote: Alexander Suvorov
              What about you? So far, their own developments are minuscule, mostly copies of everything that they could play around the world
              And you are super careful ... laughing Find the word Russia in this sentence, or at least an indirect mention? request
        2. Alexander Suvorov 5 March 2020 16: 22 New
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          ser56 (Sergey)
          do not share with whom we stole the S-400 or S-500? Well, or shell?
          I do not understand the question? Did you read my comment or just saw a line? The comment is about the CHINESE, and not about the fact that we stole something from someone! Not good, read carefully so as not to ask stupid questions.
          1. ser56 5 March 2020 16: 26 New
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            Quote: Alexander Suvorov
            ok, read carefully so as not to ask stupid questions.

            can learn to write so that it is clear? bully
            1. Alexander Suvorov 5 March 2020 16: 38 New
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              It’s not my fault that they didn’t teach you to read, everything is clear to everyone, one out of ten is not clear, but this is excuse your problems. hi
              1. ser56 5 March 2020 16: 56 New
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                Quote: Alexander Suvorov
                It’s not my fault that you weren’t taught to read

                infringed on author's vanity? bully ok, flood started
      3. IL-64 5 March 2020 18: 35 New
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        I strongly suspect that the quality of what goes to domestic Chinese consumption is different from what is sold on the Gardener market. Relatives living in the United States say the quality of Chinese products sold there is very high.
  2. gabonskijfront 5 March 2020 12: 28 New
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    For the Chinese, we, and all Europeans in general, are white monkeys from whom you can learn something but monkeys who can’t stop being. Chinese civilization is 4 thousand years old for them. The Roman Empire in the historical perspective was literally recently, they cannot sign the superiority of those who got off the tree yesterday.
    1. Alexander Suvorov 5 March 2020 12: 34 New
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      gabonskijfront
      Chinese civilization 4 thousand years
      And paradoxically, for all 4 thousand years, the Chinese have mostly raked from everyone, with rare exceptions. The Chinese are still a nation of merchants, but not the military.
    2. polar fox 5 March 2020 13: 58 New
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      Quote: gabonskijfront
      .Chinese civilization 4 thousand years for them the Roman Empire in the historical perspective was literally recently, they can not sign the superiority of those who yesterday climbed off the tree.

      as Nazdratenko said. "I understand. when the Chinese attribute to themselves all the achievements of antiquity, but I don’t understand when our scientists are doing this ..."
      stop talking nonsense already.
  3. rocket757 5 March 2020 12: 30 New
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    Of course, the Chinese air defense system is inferior to the Russian and American, but compares favorably with the air defense of most other countries of the world.

    Controversial thesis. The fact that the stripes have such a breezy, elegant air defense system! Again, what exactly is known what is and what is not in China.
    All the points on E can be placed only by real events, the real application of what is ... for now, we can say that some countries have systems that have proved themselves or managed, in a given situation!
    THAT'S ALL!
  4. Machete 5 March 2020 12: 31 New
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    It is foolish to criticize a country destroyed by a long war.
    Moreover, to compare with the economic and military giant, which is not fighting.

    But the PRC press ceased to be adequate.
    1. shinobi 5 March 2020 12: 39 New
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      He works his bread, no more. Try to search the web for translations of articles from the era of the “great helmsman.” State Department pearls then seem to you the height of political wisdom, and the current articles in the style of Chinese Sohu a model of analytics.
  5. shinobi 5 March 2020 12: 32 New
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    The Chinese media cripple our weapons for the same reason as the Amer’s. Business. Nothing personal. As things really are, only the military knows. But they will only say what they allow.
  6. It will be possible to judge Chinese air defense only after its successful / unsuccessful use. And do the recount approximate figures are not grateful ....
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. rocket757 5 March 2020 12: 34 New
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    The undoubted advantage of China's air defense is that it is constantly being modernized. China invests heavily in improving existing and developing new air defense systems, perfectly understanding their need in modern conditions.

    But this is the main thing! They do not stand still, develop new things and do, do ....... saturate the territory with everything necessary for reliable protection of their country.
  9. Honest Citizen 5 March 2020 12: 36 New
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    To criticize someone else and praise their own is a normal marketing move. The USA is doing the same. Recently, the Polish "iksperd" criticized our S-400 so much that they laughed at VO for two days.
    So the Chinese did not come up with anything new.
    But if the air defense systems of the USSR and Russia are poorly poor but confirm their reputation, then where the Chinese use them is a mystery covered in darkness.
    However, the air defense market is a tidbit and the Chinese are now "throwing a touchstone" ...
  10. Amateur 5 March 2020 12: 42 New
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    Now China has one of the most advanced air defense and missile defense systems in the world.

    And what, someone, besides a zhurnalyug from Soha, was checking Chinese air defense? Or have they seen enough of the cartoon?
    Whoever praises me best of all will receive a sweet candy!
  11. iouris 5 March 2020 12: 43 New
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    If the criticism is constructive, then we must listen. In any case, the effectiveness of air defense must be confirmed on a daily basis, since the enemy (opponents, "our partners") in Syria is using increasingly sophisticated methods of armed struggle, i.e. "fights against the rules." Those who are not able to confront such an enemy should be immediately removed from Syria to the near Moscow region.
    1. hohol95 5 March 2020 16: 33 New
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      Do you have information about the victories of the Chinese air defense systems sold to other countries?
  12. YOUR 5 March 2020 13: 01 New
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    Chinese Saha again
  13. Strashila 5 March 2020 13: 31 New
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    The fact that the Chinese comrades possess something and that with this, one must be able to use. They carried out drills for exercises and found out that such cool "mountain" tanks were full bullshit. No one has yet tested their air defense system, unlike the Syrian one, which they are tearing in all directions every day.
  14. peter rusin_2 5 March 2020 13: 33 New
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    And what will the Chinese do with a massive strike by the Tomahawks ?? The Syrians here-- are able to repel such attacks !!
  15. Campanella 5 March 2020 16: 08 New
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    Would I look at China’s air defense, if everyone on its territory were stamped on? What is the snowstorm driven?
  16. hohol95 5 March 2020 16: 31 New
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    QUESTION - WHERE did the air defense systems made in China distinguish themselves?
  17. Pacifist with AK 5 March 2020 18: 16 New
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    As I understand it, the author bashfully omitted the sacred word "Sohu" .... The article is a passage, the topic is indicated, so to speak, by a dotted line. I would like more detail. And so - a summary from neta. Author, dig deeper! Sincerely.
    1. zyablik.olga 6 March 2020 06: 00 New
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      Quote: Pacifist with AK
      I would like more detail. And so - a summary from neta. Author, dig deeper!

      Here is much deeper:
      https://topwar.ru/154331-sovershenstvovanie-sistemy-pvo-knr-na-fone-strategicheskogo-sopernichestva-s-ssha-ch-9.html
      At the end of each part there is an active link to the previous one.
  18. smaug78 5 March 2020 20: 29 New
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    As usual, Polonsky’s article about nothing ...
  19. V.I.P. 5 March 2020 20: 54 New
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    Yes, in China there is darkness obscuring air defense systems. And quite a lot of new ones .... FM-3000 (clone Vityaz 350). FY-80 (clone BukM3). HQ-17 (TOR clone), FK-3, FD-2000, FL-19, HQ-7 (based on molehill), HQ-61 (based on American Sparrow), HQ6A (based on Italian Aspid), FB-10 , FB-6C, HQ-22, HQ-12, similar to Tunguska-PGZ-95 and PGZ-07. GAS-2 (Sky Dragon -50) ... And that's not all))
  20. Voltsky 5 March 2020 21: 38 New
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    Mmm ... I didn’t understand something, help me please.
    If here they write about the technique of the Russian Federation “has no analogues” or “surpasses the analogues” - then this is kind of normal, but if the Chinese write the same thing, then this is not a crack
  21. Old26 6 March 2020 19: 58 New
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    Quote: Alexander Suvorov
    China really wants to squeeze Russia and the US on the arms market, but so far it’s not very successful.

    It turns out. It occupies those niches that the Soviet Union previously occupied in the republics of the former Union. Slowly trying to occupy niches in countries that used to be the patrimony of the United States