Handshake of Adolf Hitler and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain at the Munich Conference (“Munich Agreement”)
"Crusade" of the West against Russia. The behavior of England and France before the start of World War II and at its beginning is difficult to explain. It seems that the British and French are crazy. They did literally everything so that their countries committed suicide in the interests of Hitler and the United States.
The madness of England and France
The behavior of England and France before the start of World War II and at its beginning is difficult to explain. It seems that the British and French are crazy. They condoned Hitler in unleashing a great war in Europe, in every way "appeased" the aggressor, instead of stopping the war in its infancy. Although there were all the possibilities for this - political, economic and military. World war led to the collapse of the British world colonial empire, destroyed the French colonial empire. The war destroyed the economies of two great powers, devastated Western Europe. After the war, Western countries became "junior partners" of the American superpower.
In fact, the Anglo-French themselves are to blame for their defeat. They did not stop the aggressor at the very beginning, contributed to the growth of his power. Hitler indulged in every way. They did not crush the Reich at the very beginning of the war. They struggled to push Germany to Russia, but in the end their game was more primitive than the American, which collected all the cream of war. Obviously, such a fate was not expected in Paris, and especially in London. On the contrary, the British planned to strengthen their position after the World War.
Why did England and France not crush Hitler in 1936-1938?
Allies in the 30s could easily turn the Fuhrer neck. Germany was extremely weak. Hitler knew this, his entourage and generals. In the first years, the Nazis had instead of real strength only militant marches, beautiful banners and speeches. Even in 1939, entering the war with England and France, with a front with Poland, was a suicide for the Third Reich, not to mention earlier operations. The German military themselves knew this and were terribly afraid. They would have easily eliminated Hitler: killed or overthrown. For this, England and France had to show interest and will, give guarantees. However, they needed Hitler, so this did not happen.
As soon as Hitler came to power, he immediately eliminated the consequences of the Versailles agreement on disarmament of Germany. Whereas in 1933 German military expenditures accounted for 4% of the total budget, in 1934 it was already 18%, in 1936 39%, and in 1938 - 50%. In 1935, Hitler unilaterally refused to comply with the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles on demilitarization, introduced universal military service in the country and created the Wehrmacht. In the same year, the Reich, with the consent of Britain, lifted restrictions on naval armaments and began to build a submarine fleet. The widespread construction of combat aircraft began, tanks, ships, other weapons. The country has deployed a wide network of military airfields. At the same time, Britain, France and the United States not only did not prevent the Reich from arming itself, and clearly preparing for a big war, on the contrary, helped in every way. Thus, on the eve of the war, the United States was the main supplier of oil to Germany. Almost half of the strategic raw materials and materials were imported by the Germans from the USA, England and France, their colonies and dominions. With the help of Western democracies, more than 300 large military factories were built in the Third Reich. That is, the West not only did not stop the arms of the Reich, on the contrary, it helped with all its might. Finances, resources, materials. No notes of protest, military demonstrations, which would immediately have enlightened Berlin.
The first step of the Fuhrer to external expansion was the occupation of the Rhine demilitarized zone in 1936. After Versailles, Berlin could not have any fortifications, weapons and troops beyond the Rhine, near the borders with France. That is, the western frontiers were open to the French and their allies. If the Germans violated these conditions, the Anglo-French could occupy Germany. In March 1936, Hitler brazenly violated this condition. German troops occupied the Rhine region. At the same time, German generals were very afraid of this impudent trick of the Fuhrer. The head of the German General Staff, General Ludwig Beck, warned Hitler that the troops would not be able to repel a possible French attack. The same position was held by the Minister of Defense and Commander-in-Chief of the Reich Armed Forces, General Werner von Blomber. When German intelligence discovered the concentration of French troops on the border, von Blomberg begged the Fuhrer to immediately order the withdrawal of units. Hitler asked if the French crossed the border. Having received the answer that they did not, he told Blomberg that this would not happen.
German General Guderian, after the end of World War II, said:
“If you French had intervened in the Rhine region in 1936, we would have lost everything, and Hitler’s fall would have been inevitable.”
Hitler himself said:
“48 hours after the march to the Rhine region were the most exhausting in my life. If the French entered the Rhine region, we would have to retreat with their tails tightened. The military resources at our disposal were inadequate even for moderate resistance. ”
At Blomberg's disposal there were only four combat-ready brigades. The Wehrmacht itself in Germany appeared only after the operation on the Rhine, when the Führer ordered the urgent formation of 36 divisions, but they still had to be created and armed. For comparison: Czechoslovakia had 35 divisions, Poland - 40. Aviation the Reich had virtually none. For the operation, three weak understaffed fighter regiments were scraped together (there were hardly 10 combat-ready aircraft in each). France could mobilize 100 divisions within a few days and easily kick the Fritz out of the Rhine region. And then force to change the government and remove the Fuhrer. The German military themselves would have eliminated Hitler. However, in Paris, the position of financiers prevailed, who were afraid of a deep financial and economic crisis (the situation was difficult) in the event of a full-scale mobilization and war. The military also took a cautious stance. And England in parliament was dominated by pro-German insistence. Like, the Germans took their toll, you can’t fight. "Public opinion" advocated "peacekeeping." Therefore, London put pressure on Paris to keep the French from abrupt movements.
Thus, if at this moment, when Hitler’s meager forces crossed the Rhine, the French and British would respond with a powerful military demonstration, there would be no world war and tens of millions of dead. Not the collapse of the British and French empires. Hitler's aggressor state was destroyed in the bud. However, Paris and London turned a blind eye to aggression (as well as to subsequent ones). Hitler was not punished.
Further Reich aggression
It was also possible to put an end to the weak Third Reich during the second major crisis - in 1938, when Hitler set his sights on Austria and the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia. Moscow during this period did its utmost to create a system of collective security in Europe. But the British constantly and persistently broke it, which ultimately caused a terrible massacre. Stalin then wisely offered the French and British: let's give joint guarantees to Czechoslovakia and Poland. In the event of German aggression, Poland and Czechoslovakia were supposed to miss the Red Army for a war with Germany. And France and England had to give obligations to create the Western Front against Hitler. Paris and London did not go for it. Like Poland. They did not want to see Russians in the center of Europe. Realizing that Hitler was being pushed to the East and could not come to an agreement with the West, Stalin went on a pact with the Reich in August 1939. As a result, Stalin achieved the main thing: World War II began as a clash between the imperialist Western powers. But Russia for some time remained on the sidelines, to substitute the Russians, as in 1914, Britain did not immediately succeed.
In March 1938, England and France turned a blind eye to the Anschluss of Austria (How England gave Hitler Austria) In September 1938, the Munich Agreement was signed on the transfer of the German Empire to the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia. London and Paris deepened their grave again. The German generals were in a panic from the Fuhrer and very afraid of war. They were sober and smart people, they knew the whole depth of Germany's weakness and did not want a repetition of the 1918 disaster. Even the chief of army intelligence (Abwehr) Admiral Canaris played against Hitler. He kept in touch with Britain. On the eve of the Czechoslovak crisis, German generals wanted to stage a coup and overthrow the Führer. However, the British did not support this idea. German generals were ready to make a coup in 1939, but they were not supported again.
At the time of the Sudeten crisis, the western border of the Reich was bare. The French army could occupy the Ruhr - the industrial heart of Germany with one throw. So far, the Czechs, who received political and military support from France and the USSR, would have fought on their fortified lines. In the East, the Soviet Union opposed the Reich. Germany could not immediately fight with Czechoslovakia, France and the USSR. However, the French and British gave Hitler to devour Czechoslovakia, did not enter into an alliance with the USSR and did not support the military conspirators in Germany itself. That is, it was possible not to fight at all, only to provide organizational and moral support to the German conspirator generals, and Hitler was eliminated.
Thus, the West with its own hands unprecedentedly strengthened Hitler. An indisputable authority has been created for him. They inspired faith in the German people and the army in his genius. Many of the conspiratorial generals of yesterday became loyal servants of the regime.
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, Chancellor Adolf Hitler and French Prime Minister Eduard Daladier before signing the Munich Agreement on the transfer of the Sudetenland, which was part of Czechoslovakia, Germany. To the left of Chamberlain is the Reich Minister of Aviation, German Field Marshal German Goering. September 29, 1938
Missed opportunities to crush Hitler
Another opportunity to strangle Hitler was in France and England in March 1939, when the Reich dismembered and occupied Czechoslovakia (How the West surrendered Czechoslovakia to Hitler), Klaipeda-Memel. Hitler had no pact with Russia yet. The Soviet Union could create the Eastern Front. The Wehrmacht was still weak. Czechoslovakia, with the approval of the Western powers, could still resist. But Western Europe again went to the "pacification" of the aggressor. "
Even in September 1939, England and France could still end Hitler with relatively little blood and quickly. All combat forces of the Reich were connected by the Polish campaign. From the western direction, Germany was practically bare - there were no strong defensive lines, there were secondary reserve parts, without tanks and aircraft. Again, the Ruhr was almost defenseless. A great moment to end the German Empire is a blow to the military-industrial and energy heart. But the British and French begin a “strange” war ("The strange war." Why England and France betrayed Poland) In fact, they calmly wait until the Germans beat the Poles. They “bombed” Germany with leaflets, played football, tasted wines, and fraternized with German soldiers. Later, German military leaders admitted that if the Allies at that moment came forward while the Germans fought in Poland, then Berlin would have to ask for peace.
England and France committed suicide. They did not destroy the obviously warlike and aggressive Hitler regime; they missed a few favorable moments for the defeat of the Reich. Paris and London first helped Hitler arm himself to the teeth, fed part of Europe to him, provoked the Fuhrer to further captures, hoping that soon the Germans would again clash with the Russians.
In the spring of 1940, Hitler again found himself in a difficult situation. On the Western Front, he is opposed by the armies of France and England, which rely on a powerful defensive line. Hostile Belgium and Holland have not yet been occupied, Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, the Balkan countries are free. German underwater fleet there is no free exit to the Atlantic. The British fleet can easily block the weak German Navy. The Western powers have the opportunity to cut off the Reich from sources of strategic resources and materials. Anglo-French are preparing a landing operation in Scandinavia. The German generals are still not satisfied with the war launched by the Führer. There are no resources for a long war, again the threat of a crushing collapse.
Under these conditions, Hitler begins an operation to seize Norway. The Western powers receive timely data on preparations for the capture of Norway. However, the Anglo-French are delaying the issue of the landing of their troops in Scandinavia. England and France have a powerful combined fleet, that is, they can simply melt German transport with landing units and destroy the German Navy. As a result, Hitler suffers a terrible defeat, loses access to iron ore, which can lead to a military conspiracy and coup. But the allies miss this chance. At the last moment they postpone their landing, and the Germans are ahead of them quite a bit.
England and France had a chance to stop Hitler even in May 1940. They get Berlin's secret plans to defeat the allies of Holland, Belgium and France. The Germans were about to break through to the sea through the Ardennes and cut off a large group of enemy troops in Belgium. The Allies knew the exact start date for the German offensive. And again inaction and apathy. Hitler gets the opportunity to conduct a new “blitzkrieg”, the Wehrmacht takes Paris. The positions of the Fuhrer in Germany and Europe become steel.
As a result, it turns out that England and France acted in the interests of Hitler and the United States. They did literally everything to elevate Hitler, create the authority of a genius and the great invincible leader, and gave almost all of Europe. They surrendered almost without a fight even to France. The national interests of the French and British were donated in favor of the interests of supranational financial capital (with a major base in the United States), which relied on the outbreak of a new world war. International financial capital (“world backstage”, “golden elite”, etc.), which included royal families, the high aristocracy of the Old World, financial houses, united in a network of orders and Masonic lodges, subjugating the country's special services, was able to paralyze, to deprive the will of the ruling circles of England and France. At the same time, many representatives of the British and French elites themselves worked to establish a “new world order”. The national interests of Great Britain, England, Germany, and the United States themselves, were indifferent to them. And the hosts of the West saw the main enemy as the Stalinist USSR. Therefore, Hitler was allowed to create his own "European Union" in order to throw him at Russia. For the Russians, who dared to create an alternative to the Western slave-owning world, begin to build their own fair world order. Russian (Soviet) globalization.
French Prime Minister Eduard Daladier (second from right) and his cabinet are returning from the Champs Elysees on September 2, 1939 after the decision on general mobilization. The next day, September 3, 1939, England and France declare war on Germany
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain welcomes the crowd at the official residence on 10 Downing Street in London on the day of the declaration of war on Germany. Behind Chamberlain is his personal parliamentary secretary, Alexander Douglas-Hume, Lord Danglas