Echo of World War II in Switzerland


In Switzerland, which for centuries served as a symbol of eternal peace thanks to its own absolute neutrality, which remained inviolable during the most widespread armed conflicts, an “echo of war” unexpectedly awoke. The urgent need to eliminate the huge stockpile of ammunition from the Second World War today threatens the state with enormous costs, and the inhabitants of the village located next to it - parting with their homes for ten years.


The need to resolve the issue with three and a half thousand tons of ammunition stored in an underground military warehouse in the region of the village of Mitholz, canton Bern, was announced on February 1940 by the Swiss Federal Department of Defense, Protection of Population and Sports. The country will have to implement an unprecedented project in terms of complexity and cost, the implementation of which could cost the treasury more than a billion Swiss francs. Nevertheless, both official Bern and local authorities are determined to get rid of this colossal "time bomb" once and for all.

It should be noted that the background to this issue is more than serious and even tragic. In the winter of 1947, a powerful explosion suddenly occurred in the aforementioned warehouse, the cause of which, according to a later conclusion by experts, was the “chemically induced self-ignition” of the ammunition stored there. The explosion can be fully understood by the fact that the tremors caused by it were recorded even in Zurich, 115 km away. 9 people became victims of the tragedy, four of whom were children, at least hundreds of buildings in the district were completely destroyed.

After what happened, experts concluded that the repetition of such an incident is extremely unlikely, and if something happens, the consequences will in no way be equally catastrophic. However, repeated studies conducted in 2018 completely dispelled this optimism. Ammunition remaining in Mitholz can be torn apart at almost any moment, and it’s better not to think about where this will lead. To this day, next to the warehouse is located one of the typically Swiss pastoral villages, which is home to about 170 people (60 families). Most likely, they will have to leave their native places, and already now future internally displaced persons are being warned that the complete decontamination of the warehouse will be delayed, most likely, for a whole decade.

Generally speaking, the Swiss authorities, who are not at all planning to leave the villagers face to face with a potential disaster, act in full accordance with local specifics, which suggests anything but a rush. It is expected that the full cleaning of underground storage from their deadly contents will begin no earlier than ... in 2031! Prior to this, it is necessary to conduct the necessary number of public hearings, interagency approvals, as well as carry out all the necessary preparatory measures. The situation, for example, is complicated by the fact that in the immediate vicinity of Mitholz pass the most important transport arteries, both automobile and railway, connecting the north and south of Switzerland. In particular, it remains to be decided what to do: to protect existing roads with the help of special engineering structures, or to build new, temporary ones.

There is, however, an alternative idea: not to touch the underground warehouse at all, but simply to heap it away from sin by a few tons of rock, which in which case will take on the shock wave of a new explosion. Nevertheless, many in the country believe that leaving this “gift” to posterity will be completely wrong. One way or another, in this matter the last word will be with the military responsible for security issues. Of course, they will heed the opinions and wishes of local residents, but they will not be the final ones to decide the fate of the Mitholz warehouse.
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  1. The Expendables 28 February 2020 18: 15 New
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    In Switzerland, which has served for centuries as a symbol of eternal peace thanks to its own absolute neutrality,

    They know how to store and tyry money .. Here is their main neutrality!
    It was necessary to free Switzerland to the Soviet troops! Many interesting things, etc., we would have learned, but alas, the world bigwigs moved and already threatened us with the Third World .. USSR would not have mastered it. We retreated.
    1. seregatara1969 28 February 2020 19: 23 New
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      Switzerland did not give up to Hitler - one for all of Europe. But the paddock threw them sickly. When it was necessary to get rid of this, pride did not allow us to call for help from one of the winners in the war. After the explosion, they were frightened and waited until it resolves itself or the rulers change. The power has changed and the problem has not gone away - it has only worsened. Right now, the bureaucrats will still pull. Ammunition loses chemical stability. Either disassemble on the spot or take out one at a time - a sad situation. It is necessary to solve quickly.
      1. Shurik70 28 February 2020 22: 51 New
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        residents of a nearby settlement - parting with their homes for ten whole years

        Ten years to clear the warehouse?
        Yes, damn it, invite the Ukrainians. They cleared everything in three months. And they will sell it. And they won’t be in time - one fire, and in a week the terrain is safe.
        soldier
      2. nikon7717 29 February 2020 00: 45 New
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        About not giving up to Hitler. The reasons that there are no wars in Switzerland for more than 2 centuries are extremely interesting. The history of financing all wars goes through Switzerland. All the profiters acquirers there take money for the war, they store profits there. The calculations of shareholders of German companies with the United States were carried out through banks in neutral Switzerland. I wonder how much gold exported by the conquistadors is there, after remelting?
      3. Nikolai Grek 29 February 2020 05: 27 New
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        Quote: seregatara1969
        Switzerland did not give up to Hitler - one for all of Europe.

        is it a joke or something ??? what laughing
    2. English tarantas 28 February 2020 21: 11 New
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      Swiss banks are not a cause, but a consequence of neutrality. Take an interest in how Switzerland once defended itself and how it is supporting it now.
  2. Theodore 28 February 2020 18: 18 New
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    Well, the Kiev junta, I would not ask anyone! And I waited for the anniversary of Maydaunna, and such a firework would have arranged! recourse
    1. Catfish 28 February 2020 21: 57 New
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      And what about these? fool
      1. Shurik70 28 February 2020 22: 55 New
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        Ukrainians have very rich experience in eliminating large ammunition depots. The richest in the world, perhaps.
        1. Catfish 28 February 2020 23: 23 New
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          Alexander hi , I agree with this, but I believe that the lumberjack Fedya had in mind something else. request
        2. DRM
          DRM 29 February 2020 17: 38 New
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          Quote: Shurik70
          Ukrainians have very rich experience in eliminating large ammunition depots. The richest in the world, perhaps.

          She will remember what happened in the Pacific Fleet’s warehouses 10 years ago and cross herself.
  3. grandfather_Kostya 28 February 2020 18: 43 New
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    Well, if the Swiss authorities are able to "order the explosives to suffer" until the age of 31, then there is no problem continuing to vote in a referendum to extend this "order."
  4. Doctor 28 February 2020 18: 45 New
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    One of the depots of the Swiss defense system in World War II "National Redoubt".
    https://specnazspn.livejournal.com/1753282.html
  5. Morglenn 28 February 2020 19: 14 New
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    Hmm ... At this rate of elimination of explosives, they can not live up to 31 years
  6. garri-lin 28 February 2020 19: 14 New
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    2031 year? Great Slow Kings !!!
  7. Region-25.rus 28 February 2020 19: 35 New
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    Quote: seregatara1969
    Switzerland did not give up to Hitler - one for all of Europe. But the paddock threw them sickly. When it was necessary to get rid of this, pride did not allow us to call for help from one of the winners in the war. After the explosion, they were frightened and waited until it resolves itself or the rulers change. The power has changed and the problem has not gone away - it has only worsened. Right now, the bureaucrats will still pull. Ammunition loses chemical stability. Either disassemble on the spot or take out one at a time - a sad situation. It is necessary to solve quickly.

    And what? Did Adik Schicklgruber attack Sweden?
  8. ficus2003 28 February 2020 19: 41 New
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    When I read up to "3.5 thousand tons of ammunition" I did not read further, there was no need.
  9. 75 Sergey 28 February 2020 20: 01 New
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    Nichrome did not understand where they came from there?
  10. shultz21070 28 February 2020 20: 09 New
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    As in the famous film: I wanted to build a circus for poor children. In Zurich.
  11. rehev931 28 February 2020 21: 31 New
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    we would not have steamed, but simply would have set fire !!!
  12. Undecim 28 February 2020 22: 27 New
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    In the winter of 1947, a powerful explosion suddenly occurred at the mentioned warehouse

    3000 tons of ammunition exploded. In the photo - the consequences of the explosion.
  13. pogis 28 February 2020 22: 37 New
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    The most militarized country in Europe, and maybe in the world.
    1. Doctor 28 February 2020 23: 17 New
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      The most militarized country in Europe, and maybe in the world.

      Definitely, if you count per capita.
  14. sharp-lad 28 February 2020 23: 37 New
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    Ammunition remaining in Mitholz can be torn at almost any moment
    It is expected that the full cleaning of underground storage from their deadly contents will begin no earlier than ... in 2031!
    belay fool However, promptly.
  15. Narak-zempo 29 February 2020 16: 47 New
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    The task is elementary, it is solved in 4 actions:
    1. We inflate the campaign in the state media about how dangerous it is to live there.
    2. We offer to buy land and real estate from owners in a danger zone at a market price that, as a result of paragraph 1, will fall below the baseboard.
    3. Who refuses, we refuse life / health / property insurance.
    4. We undermine the warehouse, declaring the explosion spontaneous.
    At six months, you can meet at the lowest cost.
  16. DRM
    DRM 29 February 2020 17: 35 New
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    Generally speaking, the Swiss authorities, not at all going to leave the villagers face to face with potential disaster,

    What I like about Switzerland is that it’s “developedОth socialism "there has long come ((Without the opinion of local residents, nothing can be done there.
  17. lvov_aleksey 29 February 2020 22: 10 New
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    once again I am convinced: there is no absolutely neutral country, and why is it always in the letter Sh
  18. lvov_aleksey 29 February 2020 22: 13 New
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    Quote: DRM
    Generally speaking, the Swiss authorities, not at all going to leave the villagers face to face with potential disaster,

    What I like about Switzerland is that it’s “developedОth socialism "there has long come ((Without the opinion of local residents, nothing can be done there.

    and you compare 100 and 1000000 for example, how much do you need a person to persuade everyone?
    ps you forgot about one thing - our mentality, if my ancestors were born here, lived and died (buried), I will stay here too !!! WWII, we also left on these rails !!!!!