Military Review

Armament of the Ukrainian army: suitable equipment or scrap metal

23

Ukrainian weapon and military equipment used in the Donbass, quite often evaluated very unflattering. But is it really outdated trash, suitable only for remelting?


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, difficult times came for both the defense industry and the armed forces of Ukraine. Weapons and military equipment were sold to developing countries in Asia and Africa, or even simply sent for scrap. Almost no new types of weapons entered the Ukrainian army - there was no money, and Kiev did not see much sense in this.

When the war in the Donbass began, the Ukrainian army immediately faced three main problems: the obsolescence of weapons and military equipment, the constant loss of weapons and military equipment during battles, and the shortage of weapons for the growing number of personnel of combat units.

For example, the number of armed forces of Ukraine for the period from 2014 to 2019 has grown from 120 thousand to 204 thousand people - almost twice, and this is not counting the number of so-called paramilitary groups - actually armed Kiev armed groups. Accordingly, a much larger quantity of weapons is required, moreover, modern weapons, and not the one that promises to fail in the near future.

The basis of the APU fleet is Tanks T-64 and T-72 of various modifications, BMP-2, BMP-1, BMD-2, BTR-80 and BTR-70, BRDM-2 armored vehicles, the basis of artillery and missile forces are Grad and "multiple launch rocket systems" Grad-1 "," Hurricane "," Tornado ", self-propelled guns 2С1, 2С3, 2С5. howitzers 2A36 "Hyacinth-B", D-30 and D-20, mortar 2C12 "Sani". Most of the military equipment and weapons, as we see, are Soviet-made and inherited by the Armed Forces of Ukraine by inheritance from units and formations of the Soviet Army and the Naval fleetdeployed on the territory of the Ukrainian SSR.

Now the fleet of military equipment is being updated, primarily due to supplies from abroad, but there are certain nuances here. For example, at the beginning of 2018, the BMP-58AK (anti-cumulative) from the Czech Republic, delivered to Ukraine through Poland, first appeared in the 1th separate motorized infantry brigade.

But the BMP-1AK is nothing but the "good old" Soviet BMP-1, delivered to the GDR shortly before the reunification of Germany. In 1994, 350 BMP-1s were acquired by Sweden, and in 2010 Sweden sold 250 Czech military vehicles. The Czech Republic, through a Polish company, sold towers and hulls to Ukroboronprom, after which the vehicles were assembled at the Zhytomyr Armored Plant. BMP-1AK - modified BMP-1 with established digital communications. The machine, of course, is outdated, but in the Armed Forces of Ukraine they were happy with such equipment, the losses of the BMP and armored personnel carriers suffered by the army during the fighting in Donbass were so strong.

The United States is also in no hurry to supply Ukraine with modern weapons and military equipment, preferring to send outdated copies to the Kiev regime. For example, several Humvee SUVs manufactured back in the 1980s were shipped. But Ukraine was delivered the famous Javelin ATGM. Moreover, Ukrainian analysts explain the need for their supply by the fact that Russia, regarded as the most important enemy, has an impressive number of tanks. As for the countries of Eastern Europe - Poland, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, then Ukraine also buys Soviet military equipment and weapons from them.

Even worse, is Ukraine’s air defense system. After the outbreak of hostilities in the Donbass, the S-300 air defense system was repaired, capable of hitting targets at an altitude of up to 27 km. It was returned to service with the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the S-125-M1 SAM with an altitude of up to 14 km. There are "beeches" with missiles of the "old standard". The Ukrainian authorities, of course, dream of the American Patriot, but dreams are one thing, and the real financial possibilities of modern Ukraine are another.

Thus, the modern Ukrainian army is armed mainly with Soviet models of weapons and military equipment. Of course, you can call it scrap. But hatred here is useless. Despite the fact that many of these samples were released in the 1970s-1980s and even 1960s, it is possible to fight with their help, but not against an opponent like Russia. But in Kiev almost every day they “sing” that they are at war with Russia and are ready to go to Moscow and further, “protecting Europe from aggression”.
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  1. Livonetc
    Livonetc 26 February 2020 14: 44 New
    +6
    To perform punitive functions is quite suitable.
    1. paul3390
      paul3390 26 February 2020 15: 15 New
      +4
      That is, if the punished, in turn, have no friends who are ready to throw something modern ..
  2. Igor Borisov_2
    Igor Borisov_2 26 February 2020 14: 57 New
    +3
    If you serve properly, then the old, good Soviet and Russian equipment will live for a long time .....
  3. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 26 February 2020 15: 06 New
    +6
    Why was this article written? Enumeration of the Soviet legacy or just "for show". All of these weapons have already been discussed more than once here, at VO, and with some, the participants in the discussion have been on the hook for more than one year. So why pour from empty to empty?
    1. Minipig79
      Minipig79 1 March 2020 23: 55 New
      -1
      The article is written, obviously, what would receive a monetary reward for the number of characters. Other reasons are not visible.
      PS. And in the Kremlin every day they sing how they take care of the people, that life is becoming better and more fun. Does the author not want to write a revealing article or are they violating?
  4. knn54
    knn54 26 February 2020 15: 09 New
    +1
    Ukraine, or rather Yushchenko, delivered to Georgia 7 out of 15 battalions of the Buk-M1 air defense system. So the air defense of Ukraine was "exposed" back in 2008.
    1. Imperial Technocrat
      Imperial Technocrat 26 February 2020 17: 13 New
      0
      Yes, even if it was not exposed and broken up, what are the first, Soviet versions of Bukovs and S-300 versions of the development of 1978 that have the potential to repel a missile attack with hypersound Iskanders and Daggers? None. All the remnants of ancient Ukrainian air defense are carried out by a missile attack, then a massive aerial bombardment by the APU, then the destruction of scattered remains by helicopters and attack aircraft, and then land cleansing of empty positions
      1. PSih2097
        PSih2097 26 February 2020 21: 50 New
        +1
        Quote: Imperial Technocrat
        have the first, Soviet versions of Bukov and C-300 1978 development versions?

        Well, the S-300V can intercept Pershing and the complex of the late 80s, not 70s ... So Kh.Z.
        Quote: Imperial Technocrat
        what are the possibilities for repelling a missile attack by hypersonic Iskanders

        Where did you see hypersound - Iskander a quasibalistic rocket, not a hypersonic ...
        1. Imperial Technocrat
          Imperial Technocrat 27 February 2020 02: 24 New
          +3
          Almost right - Iskander is an aeroballistic rocket, therefore it is considered hypersound
      2. Minipig79
        Minipig79 1 March 2020 23: 56 New
        0
        Can you name at least one reason why the Russian Federation to commit nonsense that you wrote?
        1. Imperial Technocrat
          Imperial Technocrat 2 March 2020 16: 36 New
          +1
          To satisfy my Wishlist
  5. Strashila
    Strashila 26 February 2020 15: 16 New
    +6
    Ukraine got the enormous remnants of the Soviet military-industrial complex in various sectors of the economy. Some years ago, she herself exported weapons and modernized the former Soviet around the world.
    Now stands with outstretched hand.
    A good example is Syria, which has proved that there is no obsolete weapons, and there is no ability to use it.
  6. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 26 February 2020 16: 38 New
    +2
    Perhaps the author of the article is right and reasoning, quite logically. In any case, the strength of the Armed Forces is determined by the amount of taxes and the desire of the authorities to have a powerful army. But in a situation with an independent, the opposite is true. They don’t want to pay taxes categorically. The country is going under the hammer. Consequently, the VSN is no exception. Begging is possible. But not long and hungry. Hence the conclusion, the small number of NM DNR restrains the entire combat-ready part of the Armed Forces. And a completely legitimate question arises: Is the APU really so capable of fighting?
    1. Mikhail m
      Mikhail m 26 February 2020 17: 22 New
      +3
      Quote: Andrey Nikolaevich
      the small number of NM DNR restrains the entire combat-ready part of the Armed Forces.

      Do not underestimate the APU. LDNR has Russia behind. That’s why it’s holding back. Otherwise, it would have been rolled out for a long time.
  7. Ros 56
    Ros 56 26 February 2020 16: 47 New
    0
    And what concern do we have, even if they have equipment ..... suitable for scrap metal? wassat
  8. Imperial Technocrat
    Imperial Technocrat 26 February 2020 17: 10 New
    -1
    APU is rubbish, they have an animal fear of the Russian armed forces
  9. Yehudi Menuhin
    Yehudi Menuhin 26 February 2020 17: 52 New
    0
    According to the Javelins, was there any practice in their application in Ukraine?
    1. akims
      akims 26 February 2020 18: 42 New
      +2
      No, the Piguins banned
  10. NF68
    NF68 26 February 2020 17: 53 New
    +1
    Which country is such a technique. And not only military.
  11. Naval
    Naval 26 February 2020 17: 59 New
    0
    "Indeed, our army has become the strongest on the continent. I heard this from the president, from many of our commanders-in-chief," Rabinovich said. lol wassat
  12. svp67
    svp67 26 February 2020 19: 31 New
    +2
    But the BMP-1AK is nothing but the "good old" Soviet BMP-1, delivered to the GDR shortly before the reunification of Germany
    BMP-1AK machine manufactured in Czechoslovakia.
  13. Constanty
    Constanty 27 February 2020 20: 25 New
    +2
    Ukraine after the USSR is a clear example of corruption and an ordinary thief (also from officials. In the "inheritance" Ukraine received a really large arsenal, but it turns out that these previously noted successes in export are only a consequence of sales and stocks after the USSR.
    Yes, yes. Each country (including Poland) went through its sadness after 1989. However, Ukraine defeated everyone and continues to do so. Only a group of oligarchs received.
    In addition, the ethnic composition of the population in the eastern parts of the state actually shows that Novorus is larger than Ukraine. The effect is such that even Kopeks (BMP-1) must import !!!
  14. Nameless
    Nameless 29 February 2020 01: 16 New
    +1
    Equipped with APU must be recognized directly as some African country laughing !