Military Review

Trekhostrovsky sanctuary

12

A religious building in the bend of the Don near the village of Trekhostrovskaya Volgograd Region has no analogues in Russia. This is a circle with a diameter of about 200 m, surrounded by a moat and rampart. In the center was equipped with a fire shield with a radius of up to 25 m, with a recess lined with limestone and walls of earthen blocks molded in boxes made of rods. During excavations, it was found that in this huge hearth for decades, and maybe centuries, fire was burned. Logs and branches were constantly brought from floodplain forests and stacked in a huge pile. After drying, the wood was burned through special ignition holes. The furnace was closed with stone debris and clay, a column of smoke was visible for many kilometers, and without access to oxygen charcoal was formed in the pit.


Usually such grandiose temples were a place of worship for important deities and served as the cathedral center of the tribes. There is an opinion that it was built by fire worshipers, Zoroastrians. But here it is necessary to deal with concepts. The same followers of Spitama - Zarathushtra see in the flame the image of their god Ahuramazda. But a huge ashpit in the Tatar settlement near the city of Stavropol - these are traces of worship of domestic spirits. Fire and smoke are so mysterious and unusual that they serve as emanations of the most diverse higher entities. Thus, in the Rig Veda, the flaming Agni wears the epithets of the "house priest of the gods" and the "immortal guest of mortals." Traces of this great tradition appear even in monotheistic religions. Fire for people could represent any otherworldly forces.

There is no consensus on what culture this archaeological site should be attributed to. The data of radiocarbon analysis obtained in various laboratories give a wide scatter of dates: from 15-13 to 7-4 centuries BC. e. From the carriers of the carcass culture to the Scythians. Moreover, in the immediate vicinity found and the settlement of "felling". However, given how many times the soil layers were mixed by “black” diggers, as well as by the locals when mining coal for the furnace, both dates can be correct. We should expand the range of sources that can shed light on this problem.

First, let's look at the classics. Here is what Herodotus wrote about the worship of the Scythians to the god of war:

All of them have Ares shrines in the districts of their regions in this way: they pile up bundles of brushwood, about three stages in length and width, but less in height. A small quadrangular platform was made upstairs, its three sides are steep, on the one hand it has access. Because of the snow and rain, a bunch of brushwood settled, one hundred and fifty carts were brought in every year. An akinak sword was installed upstairs, sacrifices were made, including human ones, and under certain circumstances they set fire to it all.

The description almost exactly matches the results of archaeological excavations of the Triostrovsky temple. Moreover, there is simply no other archaeological site that falls under the description of the great Greek historian in the southern Russian steppes. But one must understand that the exaltation of the god of war in ancient societies occurred rather late, as power was concentrated in the hands of the military aristocracy. It was at this stage that Herodotus found the Scythian society. But the geographer Strabo reported that the Persians built giant altars of wood, which were burned during the sacrifices to the Sun. Bonfires were burned during the summer solstices and the Slavs. Along the way, we note that modern research localizes the emergence of Indo-Iranian languages ​​just in the northern Black Sea region.

In the Bronze Age, representatives of the carcass culture lived in these territories. Genetics attribute them to the haplogroup R1a, to the same one that prevails among the Indian and Iranian Aryans. The Scythians who appeared here later also added R1b, which implies a partial change of ethnos. But spiritual traditions are rarely interrupted with the disappearance of their carriers, in one form or another they are passed on to subsequent generations. Probably, the Three-Island Sanctuary was originally created by the ancestors of the Aryans who worshiped the solar deity. This is evidenced by the circular filling of the sanctuary - in the shape of the sun. Later, many of them migrated to the south, on the territory of modern India and Iran. Those remaining together with the owners of R1b took part in the formation of a new ethnos, future Scythians. But the place of worship has been preserved. Only the "owner" of the temple was replaced, now they brought gifts to the warlike deity.
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  1. Operator
    Operator 26 February 2020 18: 16 New
    0
    Until the middle of the 2nd millennium BC Black Sea Aryans (R1a) lived in the Don region, then Scythians (Asiatic northern Semites J2 assimilated by Aryans), at the end of the 1st millennium BC. Sarmatians (Asian carriers of R1b, also assimilated by the Aryans), since the 300s Huns and other Turks.

    Most likely, the temple of fire-worshipers belongs to the Scythians, their predecessors, the Aryans, used fire for ritual purposes only to burn ("ascend to heaven") the bodies of especially important tribesmen.
    1. Bar1
      Bar1 27 February 2020 10: 23 New
      -4
      the fact that they are trying to turn history using questionable dating methods into what is called science is simply a hoax of historically ill-educated people.
      The main method of historical artifacts - radio carbon analysis of the RUA is very inaccurate and gives random errors for THOUSAND years, dendrochronology calibration has a very narrow time interval and can also be used in not all cases.
      Other methods of dating are even more inaccurate. And the fact that the Scythians were placed 5 thousand years ago is not even history, but the ideology of the development of mankind. As evidence that the Scythians lived in later times, we can cite the existence of the city of Skifopolis in the Middle East, which existed according to the OI until the 8th century, quotes from the Alexiad Anna Komnina are 11-12th centuries. Sigismund Herberstein is the 16th century. They all mention the Scythians. Moreover, in the alexiad, the Scythians are allies of Constantinople against the Lombards.
      Regarding the fact that the sanctuaries are associated with the cult of the sun, it is right that our ancestors were sun worshipers, the solar crowns of the ancient rulers testify to this, the name Sultan is actually sunny, the salutation of Salah Maleykum - Prayer / Praise to the sun, the very form of greeting in the form pioneer salute / sun in a painting by Bergeret. Well, and as the victorious Christians said -Lived in the forest, prayed to the wheel.
  2. icant007
    icant007 26 February 2020 18: 21 New
    12
    Photo unsuccessful author chose.


  3. Askold Matveev
    Askold Matveev 26 February 2020 18: 26 New
    +8
    in the article, following the link provided at the bottom of my commentary, titled "Three-Island Sanctuary", there are a lot of photos of those places. excerpt from the article "Three-island Sanctuary":
    It is curious that from the moment of discovery, the "circle of fire" has already managed to grow into myths and has become popular not only among tourists, but also among researchers from other worlds. Locals say that sometimes there are entire tent camps of ufologists.
    Source: https://www.rodnovery.ru/stati/590-svyatilishche-trekhostrovskoe
  4. Doliva63
    Doliva63 26 February 2020 19: 52 New
    +1
    "In passing, we note that modern research localizes the emergence of Indo-Iranian languages ​​just in the northern Black Sea region."
    That is, the Iranians (proto-Iranians), moving from east to west, in particular, those who built Arkaim in the Chelyabinsk region, did not speak the Iranian language, or what? "Modern research" is surprising, however.
    1. Operator
      Operator 26 February 2020 20: 19 New
      0
      Iranians / proto-Iranians did not move anywhere, because they sat on the priest exactly on their Iranian highlands. Arias (from west to east) and Scythians, Sarmatians and Turks moved (from east to west).

      PS Languages ​​are called Indo-European - all based on Aryan Sanskrit.
      1. Doliva63
        Doliva63 27 February 2020 19: 27 New
        0
        Quote: Operator
        Iranians / proto-Iranians did not move anywhere, because they sat on the priest exactly on their Iranian highlands. Arias (from west to east) and Scythians, Sarmatians and Turks moved (from east to west).

        PS Languages ​​are called Indo-European - all based on Aryan Sanskrit.

        Well yes. For example, Arkaim - Iranian Highlands?
  5. Slavutich
    Slavutich 26 February 2020 20: 35 New
    -3
    In the Bronze Age, representatives of the carcass culture lived in these territories. Genetics attribute them to the haplogroup R1a, to the same one that prevails among the Indian and Iranian Aryans.

    Tales of gallogroups!
  6. knn54
    knn54 26 February 2020 22: 05 New
    +1
    There is a special energy there, next to the Romanian mountain, where you can’t stand it for more than 15 ... 20 minutes. And, most likely, this is the sanctuary of the fire god Agni, not Ares.
  7. Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master 27 February 2020 09: 51 New
    +5
    The most interesting thought in the article seemed to me the following:
    the exaltation of the god of war in ancient societies occurred rather late, as power was concentrated in the hands of the military aristocracy.

    The statement is not controversial.
    How accurately can models of ancient societies be built by analyzing the pantheons of their gods? And is this statement true to the same extent for ancient slaveholding societies as for early feudal ones? Is the mere fact that a military aristocracy was in power a sign of a developed ancient society?
    Here, starting from this phrase alone, you can write an entire article. smile
    1. Engineer
      Engineer 28 February 2020 20: 15 New
      +1
      How accurately can models of ancient societies be built by analyzing the pantheons of their gods?

      A little bit. On the contrary, we go from society to the pantheons and establish a role. The reverse process (extrapolation) can only be done with a lack of data, stipulating that the conclusions are speculative.
      And is this statement true to the same extent for ancient slaveholding societies as for early feudal ones?

      Almost all European and adjacent religions of the early feudal period are deformed by Christianity. It’s hard to track correlation with anything.
      Is the mere fact that a military aristocracy was in power a sign of a developed ancient society?

      Rather yes than no.
      1. Trilobite Master
        Trilobite Master 29 February 2020 11: 45 New
        +1
        Quote: Engineer
        A little bit. On the contrary, we go from society to the pantheons and establish a role. The reverse process (extrapolation) can only be done with a lack of data, stipulating that the conclusions are speculative.

        Are you not too categorical?
        Personally, it seems to me that in this case the process of cognition can and should go at least in both directions, depending on the initial premises. If we know little about society, but eyewitness accounts (some travelers, for example) have survived about religious rites or the structure of the pantheon of a particular society, then we can draw certain conclusions about the structure of this society as a whole. On the other hand, even having exhaustive information about the structure of ancient society, we can hardly recreate its pantheon with the hierarchy of gods and their functions with any acceptable accuracy without additional "hints".