This is what the “hat” of the Stalinist Banner newspaper for 1939 looked like. It was written about cavalry because it was its anniversary. And, of course, the cavalry was called Stalinist, because it was he who created it in 1919.
“... then what benefit will I bring to you if my words do not contain revelation, knowledge, prophecy, or instruction?”
First Corinthians 14: 6
First Corinthians 14: 6
History and documents. Today we turn to one very interesting newspaper. Not central, local, which used to be called “Working Penza”, but then in the late 30s it was naturally renamed “Stalin's Banner”. However, there wasn’t too much local in it, because reprints from the newspaper Pravda took up a lot of space. It is now all the local newspapers write about the local, and the central - about the central, then it was different. And partly right. The one who read one newspaper read them all.
We will read the newspaper for 1939. And immediately note that what could not have been evident to contemporaries can be clearly seen during sequential viewing. Every year, newspapers of that time look different. Individual words change in them, themes change in them, photos change in them. They change the characters of photos. For example, in 1937 the noun "pest" and the adjective "pest" were popular. In 1939 they no longer meet. But what about the thesis of the intensification of the class struggle as it progresses? ..
You see how it was then: amateur performances were organized at all halts, everyone sang Soviet songs, and whoever didn’t know them, they learned it. Such information is very good for writers. Finished sketch in the novel. Our fighter met a local girl and teaches her song: "Do we stand still, in our daring we are always right ..."
A year after the events that took place, stories began to appear in the newspaper about battles with the Japanese at the Zaozernaya hill. Apparently, the information should have been tracked down
And here is a very interesting message about the beginning of "hostile actions of Germany on the Polish border." Well, why not just write that Germany attacked Poland, that it committed an act of aggression, and not brand it as an arsonist of war. But since the Germans were "for us" then, such euphemisms were used
About the fact that the war began, that an act of aggression was committed by the fascist state, showing "its bestial nature", there is not a word
And this is just the documents from the November 18 issue of the newspaper on the creation of the Red Cavalry
For some reason, it was at this time in our regional newspaper that a lot of Sami legends, folk tales, akyns songs from the Caucasus Mountains, dedicated to ... well, of course, to Comrade Stalin appeared
Steeper than this, probably, is only our modern edition of 2009. Well, you just can not resist, so as not to compare these two years. 70 years have passed, but human stupidity, alas, is ineradicable
To my surprise, the newspaper published a selection of materials on the outbreak of World War I. After that, nothing similar was found in our regional newspaper anymore.
And the “petty-bourgeois" laxity and licentiousness were to blame! That is, as according to Lenin a petty-bourgeois wave swept Russia after 1917, so it did not go anywhere. So they floundered in it ...
The Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks pointed out to the Penza people their mistakes (that’s what the matter!), And they saw them right away and realized that they were complacent and conceited, and immediately began to “get excited” and correct themselves ... They started, so to speak, the process of combating marriage . However, in the end, judging by other publications and materials of the OK VKP (b), they didn’t get rid of it completely. Fuh, what stubborn people!
But you can’t even look at such paintings by folk artists without laughter. Don't you think the apples on the tray on the left are a bit small?
“After all, Voroshilov, the first red officer, is able to shed blood for the USSR with us!” Some kind of insulting song turned out? The name itself is “Budennovsky March”. There is Voroshilov, Budenny too, but Comrade Stalin is not mentioned, although he was directly related to the creation of the Red Cavalry. Although here he is, in the photo
Surprisingly, the triumvirate of Stalin, Voroshilov, Budyonny, standard for newspapers of 1937 and 1938, somehow became a rarity in 1939, but new faces appeared next to the leader - Molotov and Andreev
At that time, they flew in Penza on gliders, but now they fly: all the time they circle around the village of Chemodanovka
Why did they stick photos of American bombers over New York in a local newspaper? But for some reason ...
For some reason, many photos from the exercises of the Kiev Military District began to appear in the newspaper.
In my opinion, an interesting selection turned out to show how the press and the country lived then.
Well, if someone wants something else, let him try to write about that time based on the materials of his regional newspaper. It will be very interesting to compare.
To be continued ...