Defender of the Fatherland Day is celebrated on February 23 only in 4 republics of the former USSR

Defender of the Fatherland Day is celebrated on February 23 only in 4 republics of the former USSR



February 23 marks the anniversary of the Red Army.

A bit of history


In January 1918, the Council of People's Commissars of Soviet Russia issued a Decree on the creation of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army (published on January 20 (February 2). At the front, the Bolsheviks began enlisting volunteer soldiers in the new army. Things did not go quickly.
formed the Red Army companies, from which they hardly gained regiments.

Everything changed only on February 18, after the start of the German offensive. Points of entry into the army appeared in the capital Petrograd and other cities. On February 23, the Bolshevik proclamation “The Socialist Fatherland is in danger!” Was published. It brought people back to a bitter reality.

On that day, rallies were held in large cities, and mass enrollment of volunteers in the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army began. On February 25, the first Red Army detachments went to the front. They restrained the German army, stopped its advance. However, they could not do more. Therefore, the Peace of Brest signed on March 3, 1918 was concluded entirely on German terms.

Nevertheless, an army appeared in the Soviet state. In January 1919, the Chairman of the Higher Military Inspectorate of the Red Army Nikolai Podvoisky sent a proposal to the All-Russian Central Executive Committee to celebrate the anniversary of the Red Army on January 28 (the day the Council of People's Commissars decreed the creation of the Red Army).

Podvoisky’s proposal was late on the agenda of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee. It so happened that the holiday of the Red Army was first combined with the Red Gift Day - February 17th. It was Monday. Then the anniversary of the army was postponed until next Sunday, February 23. Then they justified this date with the anniversary of the proclamation of the danger of the Fatherland.

A legally new date was fixed by a resolution of the CEC in 1922. However, here there were some overlays. Either the team didn’t go everywhere, or the discipline of executive committees was lame, only the All-Union celebration of the Red Army Day began only next February.

The original name of the holiday lasted until 1946, when it became "Day of the Soviet Army." Three years later, the name was again corrected. In 1949, the holiday was called "Day of the Soviet Army and Naval fleet". In this capacity, he lasted until 1992.

When a glorious tradition remained in the Soviet past


After the collapse of the USSR, everything that had Soviet roots was revised in the former Soviet republics. Russia changed the name of Army and Navy Day to Defender of the Fatherland Day, but left the tradition to celebrate it on February 23.

Approximately the same path went in Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Ukraine. The Belarusian authorities called their holiday the Day of Defenders of the Fatherland and the Armed Forces of the Republic, the Tajik - Day of the Armed Forces, the Kyrgyz - completely copied the Russian version. In Minsk, Bishkek and Dushanbe, their defenders are also honored on February 23.

So it was in Ukraine before Euromaidan. In August 2014, in Kiev at the parade on the occasion of Independence Day of Ukraine, President Poroshenko announced a change in the date of the celebration of Defender of the Fatherland Day. He was postponed to October 14, combining with the anniversary of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.

So the unprincipled politician Poroshenko with one stroke of the pen crossed out all the heroic history Soviet army, replacing her vile Bandera. Before him the Balts did it. Latvians established Lachplesis Day on November 11 (the Latvian version of Defender of the Fatherland Day), "in memory of the expulsion of the German-White Guard troops under the command of Bermont-Avalov from the left bank of the Daugava in 1919." Lithuanians and Estonians generally excluded such a holiday from the calendar.

Georgians spat in Soviet history. Here, February 23 was the day of memory of the junkers who fell in 1921 in battles with the 11th army of the Red Army. Baku also remembered the time of the revolution and appointed the National Army Day of Azerbaijan on June 26. It coincides with the date of creation in 1918 of the Separate Azerbaijan Corps of the Government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Other Central Asian republics, which retreated from the memorable February date, took as a guideline the day of the formation of their independent armed forces. In Kazakhstan, this is May 7, in Uzbekistan - January 14, in Turkmenistan - January 27.

Standing apart in this row is Armenia. She February 23 is not a public holiday. However, according to tradition, in major cities of the country in honor of Defender of the Fatherland Day, solemn events and holiday concerts are held. People lay wreaths at the monument to the Unknown Soldier in Gyumri, where the 102nd Russian military base is located.

Former Union republics that abandoned the Soviet tradition will have to re-create their image of the defender of the Fatherland. For us, he remained unchanged - courageous, persistent, heroic, ready for self-sacrifice in the name of the Fatherland. Behind this image is the feat of fathers and grandfathers, not lost in time, and unforgettable.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of Russia
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  1. Uncle lee 23 February 2020 01: 33 New
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    The winds blow in February
    Howl in the pipes loudly.
    A snake rushes along the ground
    Easy blowing.

    Rising, rushing into the distance
    Aircraft links.
    It celebrates February
    Army birth.
    1. kapitan92 23 February 2020 01: 52 New
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      Colleagues! Happy Holiday! Health, Good Luck, Wellbeing! soldier drinks
      1. Tatyana 23 February 2020 03: 40 New
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        Historical states and the social system in the country change over time, however, the Native Land - the people have it at all times and for all one and its Native land must be protected from enemies!

        Happy holiday to all!
        Happy Soviet Army and Navy Day!
        Happy Defender of the Fatherland!
        1. siberalt 23 February 2020 03: 43 New
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          Happy Soviet Army and Navy!
          1. Spartanez300 23 February 2020 04: 11 New
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            All a Happy Holiday, health and good luck !!! soldier drinks
            1. bouncyhunter 23 February 2020 20: 23 New
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              I will join in the congratulations from all my colleagues! soldier
              The holiday is not just masculine ... wink Without a reliable rear, the defender ...
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. Sling cutter 23 February 2020 07: 56 New
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          Friends, all with the Holiday of the Soviet Army and Navy! I wish you all good health, success in all your endeavors and a peaceful sky above your head!
          I know for sure that even on this day the country is under reliable protection !!!
        4. Olgovich 23 February 2020 08: 00 New
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          Quote: Tatiana
          however, the Native Land - it is with the people at all times and for all one and its Native Land must be protected from enemies!

          Happy holiday to all!
          Happy Soviet Army and Navy Day!
          Happy Defender of the Fatherland!

          Thank you very much and you too, Happy Holiday! hi

          In Moldova there is some kind of holiday nat. army, but ..... NO ONE simply knows lol : almost ALL celebrate Defender of the Fatherland Day February 23: in women’s flower stalls and in souvenir shops women’s excitement is celebrated at work, just like at home. As before

          All citizens with a HOLIDAY! hi

          Best regards hi
          1. Borz 23 February 2020 08: 54 New
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            [b] Happy holiday, neighbors! We have the same picture, well, practically!


            Calm estuaries, green chestnuts
            Will hear the rustle of banners unfolded,
            When it comes back chased gait
            In the beautiful Odessa tired battalion.

            We are here, we live, we celebrate!
            1. Olgovich 23 February 2020 09: 54 New
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              Quote: Borz
              Happy holiday, neighbors! We have the same picture, well, practically! We are here, we live, we celebrate!

              Glad for my beloved, dear Odessa!

              Happy holiday to you and all Odessa citizens!good
              There is a city that I see in a dream
              Oh, if you knew how dear
              At the Black Sea appeared to me
              In blooming acacia city

              ..
              1. Borz 23 February 2020 12: 05 New
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                Thank you Happy holiday!
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. DMB 75 23 February 2020 06: 32 New
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      Happy Holidays, guys !!! drinks
    4. AUL
      AUL 23 February 2020 08: 37 New
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      Quote: Uncle Lee
      The winds blow in February
      Howl in the pipes loudly.
      A snake rushes along the ground
      Easy blowing.

      Rising, rushing into the distance
      Aircraft links.
      It celebrates February
      Army birth
      .
      This is a slightly distorted option. Since childhood, I remember this:
      Over the Kremlin wall
      Aircraft links.
      Glory to the native army
      On her birthday!

      Do not consider it boring.

      Happy holiday, men! Although why only men - both my mother and father (the kingdom to them be heaven!) Were captains. Everyone who served, serves and does not plan to "slope" - congratulations!
      Private SA, DMB 1972.
      1. Uncle lee 23 February 2020 09: 00 New
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        Quote: AUL
        Over the Kremlin wall
        Aircraft links.
        Glory to the native army
        On her birthday!

        This option was in the textbook. and I printed from Marshak "Year-round"
  2. bubalik 23 February 2020 01: 49 New
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    For us, he remained unchanged - courageous, persistent, heroic, ready for self-sacrifice in the name of the Fatherland

    Those who have served and will serve since February 23 soldier the rest with shaving foam day.
    1. Uncle lee 23 February 2020 02: 00 New
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      Happy Holidays! drinks
  3. Thrifty 23 February 2020 02: 07 New
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    The main thing for us is to remain ourselves, not to forget our history, not to lose our memory of the past! Since February 23, forum users! HAPPY Defender of the Fatherland Day! Glory to all of us !!! drinks soldier drinks soldier soldier
    1. Tatyana 23 February 2020 03: 49 New
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      Quote: Thrifty
      The main thing for us is to remain ourselves, not to forget our history, not to lose our memory of the past!
      Support!

      Happy holiday to all! Happy February 23! love

  4. Nikolaevich I 23 February 2020 02: 12 New
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    Well, my favorite congratulations! ....
    1. Nikolaevich I 23 February 2020 02: 28 New
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      Oh guys! The feast of February 23 is in full! But, having said A, B will soon have to speak! "Debt good turn deserves another..." ! The realization that in the near future, the "beloved stash" earned by hard work and saved in clever ways "cleaner" Shtirlitsa should significantly request lose weight, somewhat overshadowed by the joy of the celebration of February 23, yaki spoon of tar in a barrel of honey ...
      MEN! MARCH SOON!
      1. bessmertniy 23 February 2020 03: 32 New
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        Celebrate today! drinks And the 8th - twice as much! drinks drinks

        Happy Holiday! Health! Happiness! Good luck
        1. Tatyana 23 February 2020 04: 01 New
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          Quote: bessmertniy
          Celebrate today! drinks And the 8th - twice as much! drinks drinks

          Everything is right! That's exactly what March 8 will be! drinks drinks
          Since February 23! love

          1. Ros 56 23 February 2020 09: 06 New
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            And I will contribute to these holidays

            All a happy holiday.
          2. Grits 23 February 2020 16: 03 New
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            Tatyana, something auntie on your postcard is clearly not with a Russian machine gun
            1. Tatyana 23 February 2020 16: 46 New
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              Quote: Gritsa
              Tatyana, something auntie on your postcard is clearly not with a Russian machine gun

              Darling Alexander! love
              It may well be, because I don’t understand the machines at all, and the artists, apparently, too! yes
              We civilians, for that, you military men, and appreciate that you know how to hold arms and fight. And at best, we can bring you cartridges, treat you of wounds, etc.!

              Once again, happy holiday! good
              I’ll go get ready for the guests! This day should be celebrated.
              Have a great mood too! drinks
              1. Grits 23 February 2020 16: 55 New
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                Quote: Tatiana
                Darling Alexander!

                Darling Tatyana!
                Naturally, everything is forgiven you.
                Today I threw the same picture on Watsap. Only, the one that threw, certainly does not understand the machines (well, except for washing). I knew this for sure, so I did not emphasize it.
      2. Lamata 23 February 2020 04: 25 New
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        So what)))) Someone is against, no. !!! We begin an anonymous deployment of the preparatory operation for March 8, but tomorrow, and today, Salute.
        1. depressant 23 February 2020 06: 51 New
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          Dear colleagues, soldiers of our glorious Army, wonderful Authors of the VO site and its Administration! Happy holiday!
          You are all my relatives, I love everyone! love love love

          How longed for a century
          to find a gap in our chain.
          Hold hands friends
          hold hands friends
          So as not to disappear alone ...
  5. aszzz888 23 February 2020 02: 20 New
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    Happy Holidays! drinks Health, happiness, prosperity !!! soldier
  6. Igool 23 February 2020 02: 40 New
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    Everyone who celebrates this day, with a holiday
  7. maidan.izrailovich 23 February 2020 03: 57 New
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    Happy holiday to all.
  8. Lamata 23 February 2020 04: 23 New
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    Comrades !!! Those who served in the Soviet Army since February 23 !!!! Happy Soviet Army and Navy !!!! The rest, involved, both men and those women who bear a heavy duty in uniform of the Army, with Defender's Day !!! Do not shame the Glory of the Winners !!! Hooray!!! soldier I’ll definitely pump up a hundred in the evening, especially for those who are in boots. drinks
  9. Van 16 23 February 2020 04: 29 New
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    Happy holiday! Happiness, health, good luck, long years! Hooray!
  10. engineering 23 February 2020 04: 48 New
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    Happy holiday to all! A life filled with peace, good health, prosperity, success and love of loved ones.
  11. Masha 23 February 2020 05: 24 New
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    A man is an honorary title
    Believe me, it must be earned!
    And on February 23rd willingly
    I will thank the men again:
    For valor, honor, proven by deed,
    For the nobility in relation to the ladies!
    For wisdom and, of course, for courage,
    For the shutter speed! Thank you for everything!
    Congratulations on the holiday
    And this humble, but sincere verse!
    God grant you strength, courage, patience,
    And always be your own among your own!
    May life friends surround you
    And may hearts be filled with love ...
    Let them appreciate and respect you,
    Like a grandson, son, husband and father!
    Happy Holidays! love
    Happy Soviet Army and Navy! HOORAY!!!
  12. Dmitry Potapov 23 February 2020 05: 58 New
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    Everyone involved with the holiday! As for the "forgotten", there were
    you would not have any of your armies if it were not for the day of the Soviet Army and Navy!
  13. TechnoID 23 February 2020 06: 46 New
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    Happy Holiday! Defender of the Fatherland Day in our time is filled with new meaning and everyone should understand this! If before the defense of the Fatherland was primarily a confrontation with an external enemy with weapons in their hands, now the most important action is to protect themselves from internal enemies. The activities of foreign agents, both professional (having undergone special training and performing strictly defined tasks set by their foreign leadership), and “situational” (harming the country either by stupidity or from personal mercantile interests in any field in which they have any influence) poses a huge threat - weakens the country, creates social and interethnic tension, delays development in all directions, promotes the withdrawal of resources abroad and strengthens due to the same resources to entsialnyh and real opponents ...
    The greatest threat to the Fatherland now is precisely the internal enemy, and the fight against it is the sacred duty of every real person! To do this, it is not necessary to serve in the armed forces, you need to fight with word and deed wherever you are!
  14. Gardamir 23 February 2020 07: 07 New
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    Happy holiday! Now this holiday is almost like Victory Day and no longer served or did not serve. and in the Soviet Union, with rare exceptions, all the men served.
  15. Lamata 23 February 2020 07: 18 New
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    In Kazakhstan, not many people officially congratulate and celebrate 23. My mother works in USAID (Amer’s government organization), and so they have an informal corporate man’s day. February 23 !!! And there the Americans work. And there are marines, they note it with pleasure. I communicated with some former marins last year that day, he was about 45 years old, so he said that the Americans respected our army very much. There was no hatred.
  16. Host Tavern 23 February 2020 07: 55 New
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    All a happy holiday !!! bully
    1. Lamata 23 February 2020 07: 57 New
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      And in your tavern, Senya will be filled with respect for servicemen?)))))
  17. Xambo 23 February 2020 07: 59 New
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    Happy creation of the valiant Red Army and Navy, comrades!

    In short, the holiday men! Break through ..
    1. Ros 56 23 February 2020 08: 58 New
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      The first time I heard such a song, great. Where did it come from?
      1. Xambo 23 February 2020 09: 14 New
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        Quote: Ros 56
        The first time I heard such a song, great. Where did it come from?

        Yes, for a long time already flies on the network .. Million views!
        It clings to the soul, isn't it?
        1. Ros 56 23 February 2020 09: 16 New
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          Similarly, not a single extra word, all within the meaning and to the place. We must offer Shoigu to make the anthem of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
        2. Mordvin 3 23 February 2020 09: 20 New
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          Quote: Xambo
          It clings to the soul, isn't it?

          Not really like that ... Better like that ..
      2. rich 23 February 2020 09: 46 New
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        The same thing I hear this option for the first time. Pretty bad, just the case when the remake turned out better than the original.
  18. Lamata 23 February 2020 07: 59 New
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    Especially for those who took the very oath !!! They didn’t become like a sterlet.))))
    1. Xambo 23 February 2020 09: 18 New
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      Quote: Lamata
      Especially for those who took the very oath !!! They didn’t become like a sterlet.))))

      I am joining! They saved the Army and Navy, its skeleton and Russia, respectively .. For them for real patriots! drinks soldier
  19. Borz 23 February 2020 08: 09 New
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    Suddenly it began to crumble between the legs, and I woke up, stunned.
    At first I thought that sand,
    But this powder is not burnt ....
    Happy holiday, colleagues, cheers !!!
    1. Nikolaevich I 23 February 2020 11: 51 New
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      Quote: Borz
      But this powder is not burnt.

      But not damp? wink Happy holiday! drinks
      1. Borz 23 February 2020 12: 03 New
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        Keep the powder dry (in every sense). Happy holiday!
  20. Borz 23 February 2020 08: 21 New
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    Unfortunately, in Ukraine, this wonderful holiday is banned. Till. And only at the official level. But how gratifying it is to see and realize that at least in my city they still celebrate it, exchange greetings, wives and girlfriends still give their men lotions, shaving foams and socks.
    Celebrated, celebrated and will celebrate! Once again, I congratulate all the servants and employees of the members of the forum on the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy and the Day of Defender of Russia!
    1. depressant 23 February 2020 08: 31 New
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      Happy holiday to you, dear colleague Borz!
      love love
      1. Borz 23 February 2020 08: 37 New
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        Thank you, dear colleague, for your congratulations! Have a good holiday mood! I’ll pump today half-faceted for my former colleagues. Hooray!
        1. Xambo 23 February 2020 10: 09 New
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          Quote: Borz
          Thank you, dear colleague, for your congratulations! Have a good holiday mood! I’ll pump today half-faceted for my former colleagues. Hooray!

          For people like you Borz !!! drinks Break through this time .. Good luck!
          1. Borz 23 February 2020 12: 01 New
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            Thank you, mutually! All forum users are in a good mood!
    2. Grandfather Crimea 23 February 2020 17: 25 New
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      With a holiday, Ukrainians, friends write, spat on the rooftop-tradition, that's what traditions are.
      All members of the forum and in the holiday !!!!!
  21. Ros 56 23 February 2020 08: 51 New
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    All members of the forum with a holiday.
  22. K-50 23 February 2020 09: 32 New
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    All involved !!! Happy Soviet Army and Navy !!! Happy Defender of the Fatherland!!! soldier
  23. Egoza 23 February 2020 09: 48 New
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    Was, is and will be OUR HOLIDAY on February 23 !! ! Happy holiday guys!
  24. parusnik 23 February 2020 10: 43 New
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    Duc and November 7th are not celebrated in all the former republics ... including Russia ... And the German offensive in February 1918 began, in connection with the signing of the Brest Peace Treaty by Ukraine ... almost a month earlier than Soviet Russia signed. .. February 23 is the most persistent public holiday, which cannot be canceled ... smile Happy Holidays, men!
  25. cniza 23 February 2020 12: 41 New
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    For us, he remained unchanged - courageous, persistent, heroic, ready for self-sacrifice in the name of the Fatherland. Behind this image is the feat of fathers and grandfathers, not lost in time, and unforgettable.


    We stood and will stand on this!
  26. marshes 23 February 2020 15: 07 New
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    In general, May 7, 1992 is a holiday not only of Kazakhstan but also of Russia, because then the final break was made, although in 1992 the currency Russia introduced its rubles, all relations.
  27. Cop
    Cop 23 February 2020 19: 46 New
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    Our dear men! With all my heart I congratulate you on the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy! I wish you all health, success, especially creative and all the best! Separate congratulations to Evgeny Damantsev, thanks Zhenya, that you are on this site !!!