What happened before SVD


February 20 marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of a remarkable Soviet designer weapons - Evgenia Dragunova. Evgeny Fedorovich entered the domestic and world history as the creator of a large number of small arms samples, among which, certainly, the SVD - the Dragunov sniper rifle stands apart.


When it comes to domestic sniper small arms, then, of course, they remember first of all about SVD. At the same time, not every person will say what the sniper weapon was in the arsenal of our army before a truly iconic SVD appeared.

In the lecture hall of the Kalashnikov channel, writer and historian of domestic weapons Andrei Ulanov talks about sniper weapons.

Andrey Ulanov:

It is worth talking about what generally led to the creation of SVD. This rifle did not appear on its own, not because it was just such a dream that Yevgeny Fedorovich. This was the result of many years of experience, a rather difficult path, which was not always successful. The result was one of the best sniper rifles of the XNUMXth century.

The expert talks about how and when in general in our country they began to systematically and seriously approach the creation of sniper weapons.

Clip from the Kalashnikov concern:
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  1. Horst78 21 February 2020 14: 05 New
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    3x ruler still winked
    1. mat-vey 21 February 2020 14: 14 New
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      So they have with SVD and cartridge "one". Continuity)))))
      1. WILL 21 February 2020 15: 48 New
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        Quote: Horst78
        3x ruler still winked

        Quote: mat-vey
        So they have with SVD and cartridge "one". Continuity)))))

        Worthy Weapons! Honor and praise to the Russian gunsmiths! But, time is moving inexorably forward!
        SVD - You can’t call it a Sniper rifle anymore, this is a self-loading rifle designed for combined arms combat, although it has a certain margin of versatility, it does not behave badly in the conditions of urban battle with a confident hit of targets up to 500 meters. According to modern NATO classifications, a Marxman rifle ... well, or in our case, an infantry sniper (for working at medium distances). However, for a High-End Sniper, to hit targets with One shot, it is still preferable to bolt the Weapon with a noticeably more powerful cartridge!
    2. Catfish 21 February 2020 16: 16 New
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      The question is where it steers. Among the rifles with a longitudinally-sliding bolt (bolts), the Mauser K98 initially drives this rifle, this rifle, and especially its bolt, was not copied only by the lazy one. soldier
      1. Sapsan136 21 February 2020 20: 51 New
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        In fact, from among the large countries, Mauser, officially, under license, under an American cartridge, was released only in the USA ... There this rifle was produced under the name Springfield ...
        1. Catfish 21 February 2020 21: 15 New
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          Large countries ... Yes, almost all of Europe, capable of producing its own weapons, was armed with these Mausers before the Second World War. I do not speak for China and other Latin America. At Springfield, there was only a shutter from Mauser, which I mentioned above.
          1. Sapsan136 21 February 2020 21: 21 New
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            Britain had its own LiMetfords and LeeEnfields with their bolts, the colonies of England armed themselves with them .. Russia had its own rifles ... Czechoslovakia generally produced quite decent self-loading rifles of Kholik ... Mexico had a Mondragon rifle ... Yes, and the Yankees soon switched to M- 1..
            1. Catfish 21 February 2020 21: 34 New
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              Czechoslovakia has been releasing its Mauser Vz.1924 since 24, Mexico has been releasing Mauser since 1936, and Lee-Anfield shutter is a shutter licked from Mauser. And the trunks of Mondragon and Holek are neither to the village, nor to the city. We are not talking about Tokarev, remembering Mosinka.
              And about the fact that "Yes, and the Yankees soon crossed ...", so you would have immediately remembered Armalight.
              1. Sapsan136 24 February 2020 00: 23 New
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                Here is an article about what happened before the SVD, and before the SVD there were a lot of things and SVT including ... At the expense of Enfield, the British will not agree with you ... I don’t want to argue with you .. Especially since the SVD is a self-loading rifle and the shops here are not quite in the subject ... You can just as well have the Winchesters, or Berdanki recall, some of them also put something like optics ...
                1. Catfish 24 February 2020 00: 49 New
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                  Good night and Happy Holiday! hi You are right, the article here is about SVD, but a colleague Horst78 (Glory) wrote that "the 3-ruler still rules," I replied. Only. As for the British, it is their personal business to agree or disagree with whom they "borrowed" the shutter pattern from. Lee-Metford and Lee-Anfield are completely different rifles. Yes, and Oliver Winchester and Hyrum Berdan, too, is not a sin to remember. Here, after all, not lectures are given to people, but a normal conversation is going on between sane people. Sometimes, however, all sorts of personalities happen, this is not about you. hi drinks
                  1. Sapsan136 24 February 2020 00: 52 New
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                    Thanks you too ! Metford, this is a rifle, Anfield, essentially a rifle ... And Kholik’s rifles were not very bad ... The French RICs were worse than our SVT ... I’m reading Marzhecki’s horror stories right now ... He’s scaring us with Turkey ... Funny small..
                    1. Catfish 24 February 2020 01: 04 New
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                      And who is Marzhetsky? I don’t climb onto political sites, we have a certain audience doing this. And so, here on the Weapon and on History there is something to talk to and with whom. And about the Enfield metfords, I had in mind their bolts, and a carbine or rifle - no difference. In the French, I somehow never saw a modern good weapon. True, I happened to shoot from the Walter-Manurin 22LR, and I liked the gun, but call it a weapon - God forbid. smile
                      1. Sapsan136 24 February 2020 01: 07 New
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                        This is a funny type who considers Israel a great power, and Turkey a death star, not otherwise ... We laughed at him with all our calculations yesterday .. This is not a political site, this is a Reporter site .. RSC is a French self-loading rifle .. crude, but accepted into service ... back in the First World War. By reliability, a Frenchwoman is better than German self-charges, but worse than Russian
                      2. Catfish 24 February 2020 01: 23 New
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                        I know the RIC, I had to hold it in my hands in the storeroom of the museum of the Armed Forces, heavy, uncomfortable and, in my opinion, quite clumsy. But you yourself know, until you shoot at least fifty from the barrel, it’s impossible to seriously talk about a specific weapon. And about German self-loading, besides, probably, G43, it makes no sense to speak.
                      3. Sapsan136 24 February 2020 01: 37 New
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                        Therefore, the Germans liked to use captured SVTs, their own weapons of this class were not of high quality, and Mauser’s self-loading models were worse than Walter’s ... I didn’t hold the RSC in my hands ... After it, the French had MAS 44,49 self-loading, 56 and XNUMX ... including optics.
                      4. Catfish 24 February 2020 01: 48 New
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                        Because the Germans loved to use captured SVT,

                        Still not to love ... To literally get a bunch of very good weapons, with carts of cartridges in addition and, practically for nothing, it’s impossible to fall in love here. I read the memoirs of a sniper from Leibstandart on Kursk, with great love he wrote about SVT-40. And we, the soldier’s mass, simply didn’t have the same cult for handling weapons as the Germans did. They cleaned the 3 lines “once a year” and at least henna, and the SVT was already a weapon of another generation, and our peasant in its mass, unfortunately, did not grow up to it, but the German appreciated it right away.
                      5. Sapsan136 24 February 2020 01: 52 New
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                        The Germans already had an army mobilized, having combat experience, and of course discipline .. If in the USSR, having fallen into the penal battalion, you could return to the regular unit after being wounded, then the Germans and after being wounded were returned to the penal battalion until the end of the war ... We SVT was loved by sailors, where the level of education was higher ...
                      6. Catfish 24 February 2020 02: 03 New
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                        You definitely noticed about sailors, people didn’t deal with a plow, but with equipment.
  • Amateur 21 February 2020 14: 59 New
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    A guy nude-nude almost 24 minutes, but he didn’t say anything about SVD. In addition, he questioned the opinion of L. Pavlichenko (309 confirmed exterminations of enemy soldiers and officers, including 36 enemy snipers), who fought with SVT-40 and did not know why he was trying to assign the PSO-1 sight to Dragunov.
    On the day of the 100th anniversary of Evgeny Fedorovich Dragunov, it was possible to more carefully prepare the material. request
  • pafegosoff 21 February 2020 15: 56 New
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    Long time ago I read in the magazine "Arms" about the German gunsmiths in Izhevsk.
    The most useless fascist was Schmeisser.
    But the creators of the MG-42 were noted there by their active work and assistance to Dragunov (it seems that there were problems with the springs), the son of Dragunov also notes their constructive activity and sociability.
  • Paul Siebert 21 February 2020 15: 58 New
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    They say that Dmitry Mendeleev also saw his periodic system of elements in a dream.
    Well, geniuses even sleep in vain! wink
    Oh, to see in a dream. something like that ... laughing Homeland needed! So much time is wasted ...
  • Dedok 21 February 2020 16: 09 New
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    SVT-40 can not be compared with a three-line, in any parameter.
    40 hits herself.
  • Sapsan136 21 February 2020 20: 48 New
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    Before SVD there were a lot of things, there were at least 7 sniper modifications of the Mosin rifle, there were sniper versions of the SVT-38 (in two versions) and SVT-40 (in two versions) ...