Air defense of the countries of the eastern flank of NATO: formidable force or the illusion of security


Eastern Europe is a peculiar frontier of Russia and the West. Therefore, the NATO bloc pays great attention to protecting its eastern borders, including from the air. But can the air defense forces of Eastern European countries be considered effective?


In Eastern Europe, NATO has two key areas. The first - the Baltic - includes Poland and the Baltic countries. Given the small number of Baltic armies, the main defense link in this direction is Poland. It was here that the alliance held air defense exercises on June 3–19, 2019 with the participation of Poland, the USA, Great Britain, Romania, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Germany, and the Netherlands. Before the exercises, agreements were reached between Washington and Warsaw on the supply to Poland of 16 Patriot anti-aircraft missile launchers, 208 missiles and 4 radars for a total of $ 10 billion.

US Patriot air defense systems should strengthen Poland's air defense. But in reality their supply is virtually useless. Since Warsaw considers Russia to be the main potential enemy of Poland, it is worth noting immediately that from the Russian weapons installations with a range of up to 70 km cannot protect Polish territory.

Now the United States is completing the construction of a base for the deployment of missile defense in Redzikovo, but this decision makes Poland one of the main targets for Russian missiles in the event of a conflict. But the Americans do not want to give protection to the actually Polish cities and settlements, and they hardly can. It is no coincidence that many users are very skeptical in the Polish segment of the Internet.

It’s a pity if the base, which was built with such enthusiasm and such thoroughness, is destroyed by one rocket launched by Iskander,

- writes the Polish commentator.

In 2020, the United States is going to allocate $ 50 million to strengthen the air defense forces of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. It is ridiculous to talk about any real defense capability of these small states in the event of a conflict with Russia. However, in October 2019, the heads of the military departments of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania signed an agreement on the creation of Baltnet, the control center for the unified Baltic airspace control system. In rotation, each of the three states will carry out the tasks of organizing control over airspace, for which the republics have at their disposal radar stations.

As for the air defense system itself, it remains extremely weak in the Baltic countries. In Latvia - the air defense battalion in Zemessardz and the air defense division in the air force, in Lithuania - the air defense battalion, in Estonia - the air defense battalion in the ground forces and the air surveillance division in the air force. Therefore, the Baltic republics are constantly asking "senior comrades" to place NATO air defense systems in the Baltic states.

SAM S-300PM1 are in service and missile brigade of the Air Force of Slovakia. The Czech Republic has only one 25th anti-aircraft missile regiment with 4 batteries of upgraded Cube air defense systems, 2 RBS-70 short-range air defense batteries and 2 Strela-10M short-range air defense batteries. In 2020, instead of Strela-10M, the RBS-70NG manufactured by Saab Dynamics AB will appear in service with the Czech air defense forces.

In the southeast direction, the main link in the NATO air defense system is Romania. It is here, in Devesela, that the American THAADs are already deployed, and a missile defense base is equipped. In the armed forces of Romania, the main combat unit of air defense is the 1st anti-aircraft missile brigade them. General Nicolae Desquelescu, part of the country's Air Force. The brigade is armed with 6 Soviet S-75M3 Volkhov air defense systems and 8 American Raytheon MIM-23 Hawk XXI air defense systems. It is clear that in this case as well the air defense means are clearly not enough to repel the blow of such a serious adversary as Russia. The Bulgarian air defense forces, also combined into an anti-aircraft missile brigade as part of the Bulgarian Air Force, have 10 S-300 air defense systems, the S-200 air defense division, and the Osa air defense system.

As you can see, the state of the air defense forces and means of the countries of Eastern Europe leaves little chance of confrontation with such a serious adversary as Russia, which NATO is constantly talking about. However, these countries are hardly capable of providing cover for their airspace and from aviation and missiles of less powerful states.

Therefore, it remains only for the countries of Eastern Europe to rely on US assistance and insist on strengthening the American military presence and the deployment of new military facilities. Only such a policy creates even greater risks for the country's airspace: in the event of a conflict, Russian missiles will first fly to US bases in Poland and Romania.
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  1. Proton 19 February 2020 14: 52 New
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    Yes, there will be no conflict, no breakthrough in the air defense, everyone understands this perfectly well, and if it does, it’s only an answer, but there the air defense will not save anyone. It’s just that people want to eat and relax well and tastefully, hence this hysteria, and it all comes down to one topic “more money” laughing
    1. maidan.izrailovich 19 February 2020 15: 36 New
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      Yes there will be no conflict ...

      The Americans did not think about the consequences of using nuclear weapons against Japan. Although the military need for this was no longer. Anglo-Saxons turned into ruins of Dresden. Although it did not have a single military enterprise or any significant military facility. You can give a bunch of similar examples.
      Anglo-Saxons are great masters to expose (in their interests) other countries and peoples.
      Therefore, you should not be so sure that "there will be no conflict."
      1. pytar 19 February 2020 17: 16 New
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        The Americans did not think about the consequences of using nuclear weapons against Japan.

        Applied because there could be no answer. laughing
        Therefore, you should not be so sure that "there will be no conflict."

        Will not be! The thermonuclear conflict between the Russian Federation and NATO will lead to the "disinfection" of the entire planet! Only biomaterial will take on a primitive level .... We can argue! drinks
        1. maidan.izrailovich 20 February 2020 07: 06 New
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          The thermonuclear conflict between the Russian Federation and NATO ...

          The stupidity of your misconceptions is that you consider NATO a kind of monolith. And in the event of a conflict between Russia and any of its members, will this conflict automatically develop into a nuclear exchange in full? This is not true.
          Having pushed Poland to confrontation with Russia, the Anglo-Saxons will remain aloof. Example. World War II, when Poland had an agreement on mutual assistance with London. The British did not comply.
          What will the Anglo-Saxons extract from such a local conflict? As easy as pie. They will declare Russia an aggressor and a fiend of hell. What is no reason to expel not only from the Security Council, but also from the UN as a whole. And then the financial and economic blockade.
          Such a conflict is very real.
          1. Sanichsan 25 February 2020 16: 36 New
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            Quote: maidan.izrailovich
            The stupidity of your misconceptions is that you consider NATO a kind of monolith.

            very many here suffer from this error laughing
            Quote: maidan.izrailovich
            Having pushed Poland to confrontation with Russia, the Anglo-Saxons will remain aloof. Example. World War II, when Poland had an agreement on mutual assistance with London. The British did not comply.

            why so far? two years ago, Comrade Eun, in training and for deeply scientific purposes, he fired rockets in all directions. remember? So, then Stoltenberg told the United States (!!!) that in the event of a US conflict with the UK, the NATO alliance will not be able to help the United States because this contradicts the charter of the alliance. More recently, in Libya, it did not contradict, but here you are! and this is said by the United States, and not some Poland there ...
            Quote: maidan.izrailovich
            What will the Anglo-Saxons extract from such a local conflict? As easy as pie. They will declare Russia an aggressor and a fiend of hell. What is no reason to expel not only from the Security Council, but also from the UN as a whole.

            and even this is very vryatli. there recently, 08.08.2008 ... so what? and nothing bully and so yes ... the whole world is with them ..
            Quote: maidan.izrailovich
            And then the financial and economic blockade.

            Well, Duc, just recently, one chernynky and eared one was already talking about a torn economy ... something didn’t work out wink
            should I make out why, or do you even know without me?
      2. Imperial Technocrat 19 February 2020 19: 14 New
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        Used because the elite of the Anglo-Saxons are Satanists
    2. Old Orc 19 February 2020 16: 46 New
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      What did they say about the First World War? None of us wanted a war, but it was inevitable. same thing now. No one wants a war but losing status is even more expensive.
      1. Chaldon48 20 February 2020 06: 37 New
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        Provocations and all sorts of mistakes can be expensive, besides not all leaders are brilliant, there may well be someone who can decide: “Where didn’t we disappear, especially if it is surrounded by saldafons who can only click with their heels and answer bravely " There is! "
  2. rocket757 19 February 2020 14: 52 New
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    As you can see, the state of the air defense forces and means of the countries of Eastern Europe leaves little chance of confrontation with such a serious adversary as Russia,

    Well, who, apart from the well-known shib \ ba \ nykh, is chatting that something can .... the rest are not going to, do not intend and generally do not expect anything !!!
    Well, maybe someone very much hopes for minke whales ... but lately, it’s somehow in doubt, despite all their “determination” and other troubles. They want to eat sweetly and sleep sweetly ... moreover, they now have worries full of mouth for many years!
  3. iouris 19 February 2020 15: 09 New
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    Eastern Europe is the Russian Federation to Vladivostok.
  4. knn54 19 February 2020 15: 14 New
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    NATO is counting on a preemptive strike.
    After the collapse of the USSR, the number of air defense systems became less.
    BUT there are practically no "clean" fighters, which are replaced by MULTIFUNCTIONAL.
    The above indicates that NATO has abandoned the defensive doctrine. And their goal is to gain superiority in the air. As far as possible from IMPORTANT objects.
    "Newcomers" fulfill the role of a barrier, They do not mind if that.
  5. Pete mitchell 19 February 2020 17: 02 New
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    Hello to the author, the topic must be prepared. The creation of Baltnet was proposed by the amers to the Baltic states in the fall of ´96 as part of the Regional Airspace Initiative program. After formal agreement, implementation began, the Americans threw equipment for each country by 10 llamas and another 10 to create a regional center - the prize went to Lithuania. The Baltic states were spun on providing infrastructure and the acquisition of radars, guess who managed in time? Baltnet is an outpost of air defense of Western Europe, apparently this is not enough ...
    1. Pete mitchell 19 February 2020 17: 51 New
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      As for Baltnet, everything is simple: it is a stationary information collection system that is able to provide users with information anywhere, for example, air defense of Western Europe or local. The architecture of the system makes it easy to upgrade, expand .... I applaud amers - users are “sheep for the slaughter” - one and a half dozen stationary targets, which are actually not protected: with a large, non-global, the chipper will be destroyed immediately.
      Significantly more interesting with the Regional Airspace Initiative aka RAI, under which sauce and with which goodies It was offered and is being offered. Sauce is a modern equipment adapted for air traffic control, coordination with the military. Snacks this equipment itself is in huge amounts, switching to standards .... In the context of the 404 country, its inclusion in the RAI was already announced two years ago. And if you believe the respected and knowledgeable colleague Michman, then the air traffic control there is simply backward, that they will agree there is no doubt. Accordingly, in a few years, a system of collecting air information will be created and merging it to the west.
      The meeting in '96 was attended by Moldovan representatives ...
      In a word, a constant headache is created for the Russian Federation, which will have to be reckoned with, treated ....
  6. Imperial Technocrat 19 February 2020 19: 13 New
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    Not even an illusion of security, but a sieve
    1. Pete mitchell 20 February 2020 03: 11 New
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      Quote: Imperial Technocrat
      Not even an illusion of security ...

      And nobody promised anything but illusion. The vileness of the situation is that those in power in these countries are well aware and continue to deliberately deceive the inhabitants
  7. Bongo 21 February 2020 01: 17 New
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    Dear author, are you sure you should write on the topic of air defense? no
    The Bulgarian Air Force, are armed with 10 S-300 air defense systems, the S-200 air defense system, and the Osa air defense system.

    Do not share deployment locations ten Bulgarian S-300? what In addition, the S-200 air defense systems have not been anywhere in Europe for a long time, and the Bulgarian Osa air defense systems are largely inoperative.