The first shock Soviet Sharia column. For Soviet power and Sharia!

The first shock Soviet Sharia column. For Soviet power and Sharia!

Nazir Kathanov and the fighters of the Sharia column


The revolution and civil war of the last century echoed in the Caucasus with a deep schism, which practically turned into a war of all against all. A party of independent Cossacks with the Kuban Rada was formed in the Kuban, Georgian nationalists seized Tiflis in the guise of the Mensheviks, and the Soviet Terek Republic in the RSFSR was proclaimed in Vladikavkaz and Pyatigorsk, which did not prevent the Terek Cossacks from rising, the Gor Republic ruled in modern Dagestan foreman Lazar Bicherakhov, then the North Caucasus Emirate, etc.

They did not lag behind the neighbors of Kabard and Balkaria, where the star of the head captain Zaurbek Aslanbekovich Dautokov-Serebryakov rose. A veteran of World War I, Zaurbek raised an anti-Bolshevik uprising in Kabarda, and subsequently in Balkaria. All this was weighed down by ethnic and religious factors. For example, in 1917, the leader of the anti-Bolshevik forces of Kabarda, Zaurbek, converted to Islam and opposed the Bolsheviks under the green banner of the ghazavat. Dautokov deftly used the religious factor in his war against the Soviets. He even wrote a poem, the slogan of his war:

So remember the prophetic word
For dzhigits, it is not new:
A blessing for every brother
Let the holy words of the ghazavat be.

As long as the sacred la-il-laha-il Allah, -
green banner with the moon
Until then there will be no room for fear
In the hearts of all who enter the battle ...



Zaurbek Dautokov

The Bolsheviks were well aware of this game of Zaurbek and his associates, so they decided to seize the initiative in terms of gaining the sympathy of the local population and the establishment of Soviet power in Kabarda and Balkaria. In January 1918, the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR adopted a decree "On Freedom of Conscience, Church and Religious Societies." They decided to use this. Despite the fact that the Bolsheviks were opponents of the adat and Sharia that was widespread among the highlanders, which was still used during the tsarist regime, they looked outwardly towards these phenomena in order to gain the support of the Kabardians and Balkars.

On the way to the Sharia column


The support of the Bolsheviks in Kabarda was Nazir Kathanov. An orientalist, an Arabist who taught Arabic at the Nalchik real school, Nazir was not just a significant figure for Kabarda. Even in his youth, he graduated from the madrassah and the Baksan Theological School and knew the Koran no worse than his father's Bible. Kathanov was convinced that the Bolshevik principles and the principles of Sharia are almost identical, which means that they can not only be compatible, but can complement each other. In addition, religious freedom, in his opinion, removed many of the inter-religious problems of the Caucasus.

In August 1918, the Bolshevik party instructed Nazir to begin forming Soviet forces in Kabarda in order to confront Zaurbek Dautokov. It was then that the slogan “For Soviet Power and Sharia” appeared. But the main thing that Kathanov achieved during the formation of the future Sharia column is that he knocked out the ethnic-religious factor from under Dautokov’s feet. The Kabardian peasants recruited by Nazir and other sympathetic comrades seemed to say: this is our internal conflict, an ideological conflict.


Nazir Kathanov

In the early fall of 1918, Kathanov with a small Russian-Kabardian detachment arrived in the area of ​​the village of Lesken, located on the border of modern Kabardino-Balkaria and North Ossetia-Alania. Here he was able to recruit significant forces. A small detachment has grown to 1500 riders. To strengthen Kathanov’s detachment, a group of Ossetian-Kermenists (the Ossetian revolutionary-democratic national party “Kermen”, later joining the Bolshevik party) was sent, led by Soslanbek Tavasiev, a future prominent artist and sculptor of Ossetia. Finally, the combined detachment marched towards Nalchik. As he moved to the city, Kathanov managed to bring the squad to 4000. I had to reckon with this force.

At the same time, the Terek Cossack uprising flashed with might and main. Cossacks occupied Mozdok, a number of large villages and temporarily captured Vladikavkaz, but were driven out of there. These events were closely watched by formal authorities in Kabarda - the Kabardian National (sometimes indicated: popular) Council, headed by Tausultan Shakmanov. The Council took a precarious wait and see attitude, trying to maintain neutrality. Shakmanov also sent delegates to the Terek Cossacks, the Bolsheviks, and to Dautokov’s detachment. The local population was forbidden to join any units. Despite this, the Council unequivocally recognized Kathanov as a provocateur and ordered him to be arrested immediately.


Nalchik at the beginning of the last century

On the 20th of September 1918, a detachment of 25 horsemen came forward to meet Kathanov with the aim of arresting him. The arrest did not go according to plan. 4000 Russians, Kabardins and Ossetians instantly disarmed the detachment sent by Shakmanov. On September 24, Kathanov occupied Nalchik without a fight and came to the Council, saying that the District Council, the Kabardian National Council and the Spiritual Council did not enjoy the confidence of the working people. On this basis, the new Sharia unit requires Shakmanov to resign and transfer power to the Military Sharia Military Council, which was recently formed within the detachment.

Cossack Mironenko and his Sharia red


Simultaneously with the occupation of Nalchik, the structure of the control of the column began to take shape and the creation of a revolutionary military council began. Grigory Ivanovich Mironenko, a participant in the First World War, became the commander of the Sharia column himself (soon it will be called the First Sharia Sharia Column); he was a Kuban Cossack from the village of Razdolnoy. Later, Grigory Ivanovich for skillful leadership of troops and personal courage will be awarded a silver saber from the hands of Sergo Ordzhonikidze and awarded the military award - the Order of the Red Banner. Under Mironenko was Kathanov, who officially commanded all the indigenous troops that periodically entered the convoy. In addition, Kathanov was a representative of the Kabardian people. N.S. was appointed Commissioner of the column Nikiforov. The Revolutionary Military Council was also international: Kathanov (chairman), E. Polunin, M. Temirzhanov, S. Tavasiev and T. Sozaev.


Grigory Mironenko

By the time of the capture of Nalchik, more and more large Bolshevik detachments began to adjoin the column. The Sharia column represented a significant force, knocking out the national factor from under the feet of anti-Bolshevik groups. On September 25, a unique, one-of-a-kind governing body appeared in the entire Caucasus - the Military Sharia Revolutionary Council. Instead, the dreamer Kathanov created the Sharia court in each village, consisting of two effendi elected by the population. Village councils and mullahs were elected for six months. The views of Kathanov and the troops touched. From now on, each regiment had its own spiritual leader - the mullah. Despite the fact that in the eyes of the commissars it looked like medieval savagery, Kathanov with his column was necessary, therefore, apparently, it was regarded as temporary relief.

Soon, most of the Sharia Reds were forced to leave Nalchik, since the Terek uprising was expanding, which was partially provoked by the revolutionary groups themselves, which brought their excesses and robbery of the Cossacks to the extreme. Many “red” highlanders distinguished themselves, who began to rob Cossack neighbors, hiding behind the ideas of the Bolsheviks.

True, it is worth pointing out that Kathanov tried to stop this discord, at least in Kabarda, not forgetting the interests of the Bolsheviks. So, the Military Sharia Council issued an appeal in Russian and Arabic:

“Serebryakov (Dautokov) fraudulently assures the Muslim population that according to Sharia, the nonresident (Russian) population of the district should be destroyed, while this does not correspond to Sharia. Serebryakov’s speech is actually not religious, but counter-revolutionary. ”

However, already in early October 1918, leaving a small garrison in Nalchik, the convoy left for Pyatigorsk. There, the column was reorganized into the 1st shock Soviet Sharia column (Derbent Rifle Regiment, 1st Peasant Regiment, Black Sea People's Regiment, Taganrog Infantry Regiment, Nalchik Cavalry Regiment, First Revolutionary Cavalry Kuban Regiment, First Sharia Cavalry Regiment, Terky artillery division, howitzer division, escort squadron, control company). The commander of the new unit was the aforementioned Mironenko.


Risen Terek Cossacks

From the very first days, heavy fighting ensued for Grozny and the village of Prokhladnaya, in the region of Mineralnye Vody, Kislovodsk and Essentuki. The soldiers of the column fought desperately, brutally and swiftly maneuvering, which was highly appreciated by Sergo Ordzhonikidze, who noted the military operations of the column in a telegram to Lenin.

Fights for Nalchik, or Dautokov strikes back


While the main forces of the column fought east and northwest of Nalchik, Dautokov decided to take the city in which there was only a tiny garrison of Sharia red. His Svobodnaya Kabarda squad consisted of three equestrian hundreds, a plastun division, a machine gun team and two guns, and all the Red forces in Nalchik barely reached 700 fighters without artillery support.

At the beginning of October 1918 in Nalchik they already knew about Dautokov’s advance on the city. However, the garrison not only did not retreat and did not run away, but made a truly suicidal decision. Instead of turning the city into their own fortification, the Reds decided to counter-attack the advancing Zaurbek.

On October 6, in the area of ​​the Tambievo aul (now the village of Dygulybgey in the KBR), on the Baksan River (north of Nalchik), a tragic battle broke out between the Nalchik detachment of the Sharia column and the “Free Kabarda” detachment of Dautokov, which lasted almost all day. As expected, despite the desperate courage of the Sharia Reds, they were defeated. The defeat turned out to be very serious. The commissar of the detachment, Mazhid Kudashev, died in the battle, and the Nalchik garrison lost more than half of the soldiers killed. Only at 22:00, in pitch darkness, the Reds began to retreat towards Ossetia. Scattered small groups will later join the ranks of the Ossetian-Kermenists.


Dautokov solemnly entered Nalchik the next day, beginning to redo the edge and its legislative base. Zaurbek, oddly enough, now also opposed ethnic hatred, however, it couldn’t be different, given the plastunas in his detachment, talked about the brotherhood of Kabardins and Russian Cossacks and, of course, immediately asked to form new detachments against the Bolsheviks.

Nalchik is red again, again white and red again


On November 19, the Sharia column, reinforced with the advanced units of the 11th and 12th Red Army, easily occupied Nalchik. Shakmanov, whom Dautokov returned to power, fled. Dautokov himself retreated to join the Denikin Volunteer Army. In Nalchik, Kathanov again returned the "old" order. However, the Bolsheviks now reacted somewhat shorter to his Sharia fantasies, limiting the practice of applying Sharia exclusively between Muslims.

And again the column crushed forces, having left to fight with parts of Bicherakhov. Volunteer troops again took Nalchik. This time, agitation began, in which the Bolsheviks presented themselves as persecutors of Muslims. The formal ruler of Kabarda, Prince and General Fyodor Nikolayevich Bekovich-Cherkassky made a resounding statement:

“I ask the population and troops to continue with a pure heart and with prayer to Great Allah to bear the burden on the ground and military service at the front, bearing in mind that in this holy work we are creating a great and glorious future for the Kabardian people.”



Review of troops of the North Caucasus Emirate

The Soviet Sharia column has lost its significance. As a result, its units led by Kathanov almost joined the army of the North Caucasus Emirate, where they retreated with battles with the Volunteer Army. The emirate, although led by the emir of Uzun-Haji, a political and religious leader who led a religious war against the All-Union Socialist League, soon came under the strong influence of the Bolsheviks. The Minister of the Interior was the Bolshevik Khabala Besleneyev, and the chief of staff of the troops, Magomet Haniev, was also a Bolshevik.

By the beginning of 1920, the unification of Bolshevik forces began in the North Caucasus. In early March 1920, Kathanov was already able to free a significant part of Kabarda from Denikin's forces. On March 10, Nalchik was taken by fighters of the former Sharia column. Almost immediately, the dreamy Nazir introduced the following proposals into the draft constitution of the Mountain Soviet Socialist Republic: to introduce Sharia proceedings in the places of residence of the Muslim population along with the Soviet people's courts, to create Sharia departments at the Commissariat of Justice of the Mountain Republic and at district and rural executive committees. But soon the powers of the Sharia courts were significantly narrowed. In the end, the courts were completely liquidated.


Kathanov continued his political activities, founded the first local history museum in Nalchik, etc. But, prone to excessive reverie and lack of a real outlook on things, he fell into purely political millstones. In 1928, he was arrested and shot for trying to create a nationalist terrorist group. In 1960, he was posthumously rehabilitated.

Commander Mironenko, tired of the endless bloody war, returned to his native village of Razdolnaya. During the Great Patriotic War, almost 60-year-old Grigory Ivanovich carried out the instructions of the party’s regional committee to organize the supply of the Soviet Army, and also took part in the formation of the volunteer division. In 1944, Mironenko was elected chairman of the executive committee of the Zheleznovodsk Council of Workers' Deputies. Grigory Ivanovich Mironenko was awarded the Orders of Lenin and the Badge of Honor. The once formidable commander of the shocking Soviet Sharia convoy died in 1970.
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  1. rich 19 February 2020 05: 58 New
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    Alexander Dautokov — Serebryakov, born in 1885, in the suburbs of Mozdok, in the family of Prince Aslanbek Dautokov and his wife Olga Ioannovna Serebryakova. Had 2 brothers who died in the war.
    He graduated from the Orenburg Cossack College in 1912. In World War I he participated as a centurion of the 1st Cossack Sunzhensko-Vladikavkaz Regiment, and in February 1916 he was transferred to the Kabarda Horse Regiment.
    The order for the reserve personnel of the Caucasian Tuzemnaya equestrian division No. 136 dated May 8, 1917, Proskurov, § 2 read as follows: “VR. the commander of the Kabardian spare hundred, Lieutenant Alexander Nikiforovich Serebryakov, on May 5, converted to the religion of his Muslim ancestors, receiving the name Zaurbek, middle name Aslanbek with the addition of the surname of his grandfather Dautokov-Serebryakov, which should be added to the track record of the named officer ... ".
    He completed his operations in the First World War, in the rank of staff captain. After returning home, he became the organizer of the anti-Bolshevik uprising in Kabarda in 1918. In June 1918 he was the commander of the Consolidated Kabardian detachment in the Terek uprising. Rotmister (11.1918). Commander of the Kabardian Horse Regiment. Subsequently, he was an assistant to Prince Fyodor Nikolaevich (Tembot Zhanhotovich) Bekovich-Cherkassky, on military issues, with the rights of a brigade commander.
    In August 1918, he announced the creation of the Free Kabarda Party. Its main goal was to restore order, eradicate anarchy and banditry, as well as completely free Kabarda from occupation by the Bolsheviks. Kabardins united around Dautokov-Serebryakov, an officer of the Russian service who served during the German war in the Kabardian regiment of the Native Division. The Bolsheviks saw in him one of the leaders of the White Liberation Movement of the Caucasus.
    Zaurbek Dautokov-Serebryakov was one of the founders of the Caucasian Volunteer Army, and was an active participant and figure in it. Major General and Commander of the 2nd Kabardian Brigade.
    In 1919 he was killed in a battle near Tsaritsyn. He was buried in the Volnoaulsky cemetery of the city of Nalchik.
    Awards:
    St. 4th degree Vladimir with swords and bow;
    St. Anne 2nd Art. with swords;
    St. Stanislav 2nd art. with swords;
    St. Anne 3rd Art. with swords and bow;
    St. Anne 4th Art. with the inscription "For courage";
    St. Stanislav 3rd art.
    1. Same lech 19 February 2020 06: 37 New
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      Mdaa .. now both red and white will catch up and a desperate cutting will begin on the VO field. what
      The civil war in the minds of people is not over yet ... when will this end.
      1. rich 19 February 2020 06: 51 New
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        No less tragic and confusing was the fate of another hero of the article - the famous Russian scientist-orientalist, co-creator of the Soviet Sharia column Nazir Kathanov. How many fates of talented people warred fratricidal civil war
        1. volodimer 22 February 2020 16: 58 New
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          In the next post, Dumenko and Ulagay ... they would crush the enemies of the country together ... and they would each other ... the civil war does no good to anyone ...
      2. Arlen 19 February 2020 07: 04 New
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        Quote: The same Lech
        The civil war in the minds of people is not over yet ... when will this end.

        The civil war ended long ago and the results have long been known to everyone, but there are individuals who want to rewrite the history of Russia from the perspectives and views of the losing side.
        1. rich 19 February 2020 07: 34 New
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          You can’t rewrite history. And there's nothing to try
          1. Alexander Suvorov 19 February 2020 08: 53 New
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            rich (dmitry)
            You can’t rewrite history.
            How is it? A lot of examples.
            And there's nothing to try
            I agree, but they’re doing the same. In the above privacy, many people sin on this in VO.
      3. Alexander Suvorov 19 February 2020 08: 50 New
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        The same LEKHA (Alexey)
        Mdaa .. now both red and white will catch up and a desperate cutting will begin on the VO field. what
        The civil war in the minds of people is not over yet ... when will this end.
        The end of this war is likely to never come. For people do not change, some will want to exploit others, and others will accordingly resist this as they can. Just at some point this war is moving from the hot phase to the cold.
      4. vladcub 19 February 2020 12: 16 New
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        Lech, the fact of the matter is that in our country they can’t turn a war.
        In this regard, it is worth learning from the Chinese or French. Both in France and in China there was a civil war, and not a little blood was shed, but they realized that the war was already behind
        1. Alexander Suvorov 19 February 2020 13: 17 New
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          vladcub (Svyatoslav)
          Lech, the fact of the matter is that in our country they can’t turn a war.
          In this regard, it is worth learning from the Chinese or French. Both in France and in China there was a civil war, and not a little blood was shed, but they realized that the war was already behind
          Do not confuse the French, Chinese, English or American civil war with the civil war in Russia. Everywhere except Russia, these wars did not have a pronounced class character. Say the same war in France did not change anything for the common people, it was just that the aristocracy ceded some of their rights to the bourgeoisie, but not to the common people.
          And it was precisely the class revolution that took place in Russia, when the oppressed masses of the people threw off the oppressors from their backs and became masters of their own destiny, for the first time in world history.
          So these are completely different civil wars, with completely different consequences, and at least it is not correct to compare them.
          1. vladcub 19 February 2020 17: 26 New
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            Good in England or France: "the aristocracy ceded part of its rights," and in China, the "leading and directing" CCP. Who then shared with whom?
      5. iouris 19 February 2020 15: 06 New
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        Quote: The same Lech
        The civil war in the minds of people is not over yet ...

        This (so far) is not a civil war, but virtual "battles" of members of various fan clubs. But if you give them heavy weapons, it will be like in a neighboring under-state.
        1. Nikolai Grek 20 February 2020 04: 05 New
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          Quote: iouris
          But if you give them heavy weapons

          I think that you won’t envy any country if you bring it to life, and then do not stop it !!! request wassat
          Quote: iouris
          it will be like in a neighboring under-state.

          the difference between normal and neighboring states is precisely that in normal such a scenario is not feasible !!! laughing
    2. Lamata 19 February 2020 06: 46 New
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      Very impressive at military awards.
    3. rich 19 February 2020 07: 22 New
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      Fate plays a man. Whoever the Sunzhen Cossack Alexander Nikiforovich Serebryakov, the hero of the German war, the leader of the North Caucasus gas factory Zaurbek Dautokov, and the white volunteer general did not visit during his short 30-year life. His energy would be at another time for the good of Russia. By the way, there was a famous poet on the Terek. His song "Hello, noisy fun" in 1917 even became the official anthem of the "Wild Caucasian Division"

      Hello noisy fun
      Yes, for a circular bowl!
      Loves the cup in the hour of idleness
      Cossack Terek drill
      Drink friends, while drunk
      Forget the sorrow in life
      In the Caucasus, this is being done,
      Drink, do not drink your mind.

      Maybe tomorrow in a clean field
      The thunder of battle will thunder
      Whistling bullets and shells
      They will fly to us in trenches.

      Tomorrow maybe out of order
      They'll carry us on the burkas
      And friends, standing behind a cup,
      We will be remembered with glory.
      1916
    4. vladcub 19 February 2020 11: 54 New
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      RICH, thanks for the biography of Dautokov-Serebryakov
      1. rich 19 February 2020 12: 06 New
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        So for me then? it Eastern wind raised the topic
    5. SKIF555 19 February 2020 13: 37 New
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      The order for the reserve personnel of the Caucasian Tuzemnaya equestrian division No. 136 dated May 8, 1917, Proskurov, § 2 read as follows: “VR. the commander of the Kabardian spare hundred, Lieutenant Alexander Nikiforovich Serebryakov, on May 5, converted to the religion of his Muslim ancestors, receiving the name Zaurbek, middle name Aslanbek with the addition of the surname of his grandfather Dautokov-Serebryakov, which should be added to the track record of the named officer ... ".
      Rodionov Evgeny Aleksandrovich
      Like a border guard to a border guard (Tipo) - THERE IS QUESTIONS! BACHA ?!
      1. rich 19 February 2020 15: 41 New
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        I did not like that Serebryakov changed his faith, and decided to be rude. Stupid and wrong address. I did not give my opinion, but simply supplemented his biography. Now, when you’re in the paradise of goats, then express your indignation to him, Bacha yes
        1. SKIF555 19 February 2020 15: 43 New
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          to be rude - is written together, in paradise separately. And not you, but you. I didn’t pass the goats with you. Hop ?!
  2. Lamata 19 February 2020 06: 47 New
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    Thanks to the author for the material.
  3. rich 19 February 2020 06: 54 New
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    Thanks for the article, "East Wind." I always look forward to your interesting materials.
  4. rocket757 19 February 2020 07: 06 New
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    All this is OUR story. You just have to realize it and accept it!
    Let’s stop at the sim.
  5. Olgovich 19 February 2020 07: 27 New
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    Kathanov in 1928 his arrested and shot

    good and deserved reward from their owners! yes
    At the same time, the Terek Cossack uprising flashed with might and main.
    Sorry, the author does not write -why the Cossacks revolted.

    But they revolted because the Bolsheviks and their allies, the “Red Highlanders,” organized ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Terek Cossacks:
    In May, the 1918 Council of People's Commissars the so-called “Terek Soviet Republic” at the 3rd Congress of Peoples of Terek in Grozny made a decision to evict the Sunzhensky department from the stanitsa of the Cossacks and transfer their lands to the “mountaineers loyal to Soviet power”. Cossack villages sent troops that robbed and cracked down on the discontented. Village lands and property taken from the Terek Cossacks were distributed to the mountaineers "for support and faithful service to the soviets." About 12 thousand Cossacks were exterminated, women, children and the elderly, and 70 thousand were expelled from their homes. A number of villages were turned into auls.


    The Cossacks rebelled and fought for themselves and for Russia.

    But the forces were unequal ...

    And again genocide followed:
    "On the agrarian issue, it is necessary to recognize the return of lands to the highlanders of the North Caucasus, taken away from them by the Great Russians".
    V.I. Lenin, PSS, vol. 41, p. 342.

    And in 1920, Ordzhonikidze said:
    “The Politburo of the Central Committee approved the decision of the Regional Bureau on the endowment of highlanders with landwithout stopping before eviction of villages».

    Order of a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Caucasus Front G.K.Ordzhonikidze
    : "First: burn Kalinovskaya village; second: the villages of Yermolovskaya, Zakan-Yurt, Samashkinskaya and Mikhailovskaya ... the entire male population of the above villages from 18 to 50 years old should be loaded into echelons and sent to the North under guard heavy forced labor old people, women and children evicted from the villages... ".

    the villages of Ermolovskaya, Zakan-Yurtovskaya, Samashkinskaya, Mikhailovskaya - to give to the poorest landless population and first of all, always to the former devotees of the Soviet power to the upland Chechens:


    From a telegram from a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Caucasian Labor Army, G.K. Ordzhonikidze and I.V. Stalin from 1 on November 1920:
    "The eviction of the villages is successful... Today I had a meeting with Chechens - representatives of villages. Chechen mood is excellent, they happy to infinity and state that our act for them is a great historical event
    "

    In a letter dated September 30, 1921, G.K. Ordzhonikidze informed the Secretary of the Caucasian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.) A. Nosov: “
    ... The question of the villages is resolved, they remain with the Chechens... ".
    RCCHIDNEY. f. 85, op. 18, d. 192, l 8.

    The most massacre of Terek Cossacks was arranged 27 March 1920 g. when the inhabitants of the villages of Aki-Yurt, Tarskaya and Sunzhenskaya armed Bolshevik detachments were expelled from their homes and built in columns. Cossacks were not allowed to take any property and cattle, only families of Red Cossack Cossacks were allowed to take belongings, but not more than one cart. Columns of foot Cossack evicters under an armed convoy moved several tens of kilometers to the railway station Dalakovo (near Beslan).

    The guards killed all those who tried to escape and those who could no longer walk, especially children and the elderly. Chechens and Ingushs, who had gathered in advance, also stood along the roads, as the documents then wrote - "groups of indignant highlanders" who, without touching the guards, killed the Cossacks walking in the convoys. According to contemporaries, the entire road was covered with the bodies of the dead. At the final destination, several hundred, and possibly thousands of Cossacks, due to the lack of wagons, were shot with machine guns and chopped with sabers in a meadow a few kilometers from the station. The bodies of the dead were buried in pre-dug huge pits. The exact death toll during the March-April massacre of 1920 is unknown.

    This year marks the anniversary, exactly a hundred years this terrible tragedy: March 27 Memorial Day for the victims of the Terek Cossacks genocide.

    so Russia was destroyed in the Caucasus, as well as the faithful and reliable defense of the southern borders of the Terek Cossacks ...
    1. Olgovich 19 February 2020 10: 28 New
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      Quote: Olgovich
      so Russia was destroyed in the Caucasus, as well as the faithful and reliable defense of the southern borders of the Terek Cossacks ...

      this year another memorable date25 years operations in the aul Samashki. where dozens of Russian troops were killed and injured in battles with bandits. Known operation that caused a lot of noise.

      But few people know that only a hundred years ago it was not a village, but a prosperous and growing Russian Cossack village SAMASHKINSKAYA, from which a hundred years ago they were sent to concentration camps to the north, more than 4 THOUSAND Cossacks, women and children were destroyed.

      Since then, Cossack lands have undergone total derusification.




      Mound of memory- sprinkled on the site of the mass grave of hundreds of women. children. Cossacks (there weren’t enough cars), shot and hacked in this place under the Beslan by the Bolsheviks and the Red Highlanders.
      1. Vladimir_2U 20 February 2020 17: 03 New
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        Quote: Olgovich
        destroyed more than 4 THOUSAND Cossacks, women and children
        Brehlo Olgych. And the photo from the article about the sufferers of the Cossacks, as wretched as Olga’s nonsense.
        In the text of the speech of Patriarch Kirill, read out by Father Sergius, the most acute problems of the position of the Cossacks in contemporary Russian society were raised. So, in particular, it was said: “The very fact of the revival of the Cossacks tells us about the action of the grace of God in human history. A real miracle happens, because they tried to exterminate the Russian Cossacks almost without exception. In the view of the then government, the Cossacks were the strongest part of society in the faith.

        https://www.apn.ru/publications/article22547.htm
    2. vladcub 19 February 2020 12: 27 New
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      ALWAYS AND EVERYWHERE CIVIL WAR - THE PEOPLE'S SUFFER
    3. Vladimir_2U 20 February 2020 16: 53 New
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      As usual, Olgych tore out a quote
      Quote: Olgovich
      Kathanov in 1928 he was arrested and shot
      only further such words
      He was accused of creating a counter-revolutionary nationalist group that aimed at committing terrorist acts
      The lamentations of Olga
      Quote: Olgovich
      But they revolted because the Bolsheviks and their allies, the “Red Highlanders,” organized ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Terek Cossacks.
      Do not mention such a thing:
      The deportation of Terek Cossacks - the eviction of part of the Terek Cossacks to the northern regions of Soviet Russia, carried out from 1918 to January 1921. It was supposed to evict 18 Cossack villages with a total number of 60 thousand people. The eviction was interrupted by the stay of Denikin’s armies in the North Caucasus from February 1919 to March 1920. Moreover, those Cossacks who were already evicted were allowed to return to their villages. After the White Army retreated, eviction was resumed. But on January 27, 1921, the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the RSFSR decided to immediately suspend the eviction. On July 14, 1921, the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee recognized its fallacy and prohibited further implementation.
      Nearly no genocide! False Olgych.
      The Bolsheviks, on the one hand, tried to crush these rebellions. On the other hand, they understood that the Cossacks were heterogeneous. In his midst there are both the poor, who support the measures taken by the Soviet government, and the vacillating middle peasants. Therefore, they carried out measures to split the Cossacks and attract the poor and middle peasants to their side. As a result, the bulk of the Cossacks sided with the Soviet government from the end of 1918 to January 1919. At the end of 1919, there were more Cossacks in the ranks of the Red Army than in the ranks of the White
      As it does not look like the genocide of the Cossacks.
      Quote: Olgovich
      On the agrarian issue, it is necessary to recognize the return to the highlanders of the North Caucasus of the lands taken from them by the Great Russians
      As usual, Olga has a tattered quote:
      On the agrarian issue, it is necessary to recognize the return to the highlanders of the North Caucasus of the lands taken away from them by the Great Russians, foreven kulak part Cossack population and instruct SNK to immediately prepare the relevant decisions.

      http://a-pesni.org/grvojna/makhno/a-deportter.php
      In addition to the rather balanced measures taken by the Soviet government in relation to the Cossacks, expressed in the adoption of the fifth paragraph of the land decree (“the land of ordinary peasants and ordinary Cossacks is not confiscated”); “Appeals of the II All-Russian Congress of Soviets to the Cossacks” (“you are told that the Soviets want to rob the Cossacks of the land. This is a lie. Only the Cossacks-landlords will take away the lands and give them to the people”) ... In addition to these rather balanced measures, there were other.
      There were mistakes and too harsh decisions, but there was no genocide. Although Olgych, of course, can consider the population of several villages as a separate people, his level allows this quite well.

      Quote: Olgovich
      when the residents of the villages of Aki-Yurt, Tarskaya and Sunzhenskaya were expelled from their homes by armed Bolshevik detachments and built into columns
      quote from an article with the phrase:
      It was not possible to achieve the goals set by the Bolshevik Gauleiter - rather, directly opposite goals were achieved
      Needless to say, such an article is a valuable historical source, the level of "Arch. Gulag."

      Quote: Olgovich
      so Russia was destroyed in the Caucasus, as well as the faithful and reliable defense of the southern borders of the Terek Cossacks
      Yes laudo, all the time Olgych howls that the Bolsheviks squandered all Russian lands, and then it suddenly turns out that the southern frontiers of the Russian Empire in the Caucasus ended in the Priterechye? Dagestan, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan were outside the Republic of Ingushetia; Olgych has such an alternate logic.
      Quote: Olgovich
      The Cossacks rebelled and fought for themselves and for Russia.
      Such Cossacks fought for Russia!
      Mironenko Grigory Ivanovich (1883–1970) was born in Razdolnaya village in a working family. In 1905 he was called up for active military service from the beginning of the First World War and sent to the front. In February 1918 he joined the Red Army, then organized a hundred red partisans and led it. In October 1918 he was appointed commander of the 1st shock Soviet Sharia column. The Extraordinary Commissioner of the South of Russia G.K. Ordzhonikidze in a telegram to V.I. Lenin praised the fighting of the convoy and its commander ....
      Grigory Ivanovich was elected the first chairman of the village council in his native village of Razdolnaya. During the Great Patriotic War, Mironenko carried out the instructions of the regional committee of the party to organize the supply of the Soviet Army, took part in the formation of the volunteer division ...
      ... Grigory Ivanovich Mironenko was awarded the Orders of Lenin and the Badge of Honor. In 1967 he was awarded the title of honorary citizen of Zheleznovodsk
      Grigory Ivanovich was buried in the city square at the monument "Eternal Flame". His whole life and work is an example of selfless service to the Motherland and the people.
  6. vladcub 19 February 2020 12: 40 New
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    That the Kabardian National Council, that the North Emirate or some other emirates ALL of these quasi-states arise in conditions of paralysis of the central government.
    While the empire existed, there were no such "emirates" in the project. When the Soviet regime established itself in Russia, then all the so-called "republics" or "emirates" dissolved
  7. Lamata 19 February 2020 12: 53 New
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    Yes, thanks to the author, for those little known to a wide circle of history buffs, pages of Russian life.
  8. bandabas 19 February 2020 14: 03 New
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    Big + to the author. I did not know, although my father was from Cool.
  9. Catfish 19 February 2020 14: 14 New
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    "The Caucasus is an unusually colorful boiling pot of ethnic groups and cultures. During the Civil War, this boiler literally exploded ..." (c)
    So they were boiling somewhere far away and away from us. Nothing but problems from them has ever happened. "One hemorrhoids and expenses." (C)
    1. cat Rusich 22 February 2020 20: 58 New
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      The "good owner" BOILER warms housing and serves for "common house welfare" - the "thin owner" BOILER eats $ three-throat fuel or "explodes." "One hemorrhoids and expenses" - under such "slogans" the Russian Empire and the USSR were destroyed, and Russia is also trying ...
  10. iouris 19 February 2020 15: 07 New
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    “Under the green banner of Allah, forward to the victory of socialism!”, It seems that Gaddafi had such a slogan (it also ended unsuccessfully: democracy came).
  11. Alexander Greene 19 February 2020 23: 19 New
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    About some problems in the North Caucasus in 1920

    1. The Terek region was a tight knot of class, class and national contradictions, which after the revolution greatly intensified. Nonresident peasants demanded a redistribution of land and equal rights with the Cossacks.

    The Ingush and Chechens, who have long been robbed by the tsarist government in favor of the Cossacks, who were populated on the lands forcibly taken away from the highlanders, thereby creating an artificial stripes.

    The Highlanders sought the return of the lands taken from them, so provocations and armed clashes took place between the Cossacks and the Highlanders. In order to stop this feud at the 3rd Congress of the Peoples of the Caucasus, it was decided to separate the Cossacks and the Highlanders, for which the Cossack villages had to be resettled for Terek.

    IN AND. Lenin supported this decision, Olgovich even cited a quote from his works (PSS, t.41, p.342)
    “On the agrarian issue, it is necessary to recognize the return to the highlanders of the North Caucasus of lands taken away by the Great Russians ...»
    Only for some reason I shortened the quote, and it ends with the following words
    ".. at the expense of the kulak part of the Cossack population and instruct SNK to immediately prepare an appropriate resolution. "

    2. As for the order of Ordzhonikidze to burn the village of Kalinovskaya.
    From a telegram from the head of the Special Department Kavtrudova Pipetkova to the RVS of the Caucasian Front, Ordzhonikidze. 29.10.1920/XNUMX/XNUMX

    “The regional executive committee after a meeting with comrade Kosior came to the decision: the central commission, which was included under my chairmanship of the Nachpolitotdel, the Pre-Tribunal, the executive committees of Grozny and Chechen and one representative from the Chechens, will evict the Cossacks (in the document it is clearly wrong - Chechens - E.Zh.)
    They decided: to evict all residents from Kalinovskaya, leaving only the families of the Red Army, in the farm of Burunda.
    29.10.20/XNUMX/XNUMX. Head of the Department of Kavtrudova Pipikov.


    RGVA. F. 109. Op. 1. D. 39. L. 379.