Enduring myths about the war in Afghanistan


For more than thirty years in the Meeting, many Russians have celebrated not a Christian holiday, but a memorable Day for the Soviet troops to withdraw from Afghanistan, which ended on February 15, 1989. It began nine months earlier - after the Geneva Agreements on a political settlement of the situation in the Republic of Afghanistan were signed in Switzerland with the mediation of the United Nations by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan and Pakistan.


Results and grades


Immediately after the withdrawal of troops, the pro-Western liberals, who had gained strength, started a discussion in the country on the topic: the 40th combined-arms army returned home with victory or defeat. Influenced by these sentiments, in December 1989, the Second Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR adopted a resolution on political evaluation of the decision to send Soviet troops to Afghanistan - it announced that the invasion of Afghanistan "deserves political and moral condemnation."

Much later, in his book “Limited Contingent,” the last commander of the 40th Army, Colonel General Boris Gromov, writes: “There is no reason to claim that the 40th Army was defeated, nor that we won a military victory in Afghanistan. At the end of 1979, Soviet troops entered the country unhindered, carried out — unlike the Americans in Vietnam — their tasks and organizedly returned to their homeland. If we consider the armed groups of the opposition as the main enemy of the Limited Contingent, the difference between us is that the 40th Army did what it considered necessary, and the Dushmans only what they could. ”

In fact, there are objective facts confirming the words of General Gromov: before the start of the withdrawal of Soviet troops on May 15, 1988, the Mujahideen never managed to carry out a single major operation and did not manage to occupy a single large city.

Attempt not counted


Shortly before the 30th anniversary of the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, General Vladimir Shamanov, chairman of the State Duma’s defense committee, held parliamentary hearings with the consent of Russian President Vladimir Putin, which rethought the assessment of the war in Afghanistan. First of all, the beginning of the Afghan events and the condemnation of the entry of troops by a resolution of the congress of people's deputies.

Based on the results of the hearings, the deputies prepared a draft resolution of the State Duma in a modern interpretation of the Afghan war. Representatives of all factions approved him. However, the document did not reach the plenary session of the Duma. Instead, a statement appeared, prepared and approved by the defense committee.

The document, “based on considerations of political impartiality and historical of truth, the following thesis was written: “The State Duma considers it necessary to recognize the moral and political condemnation of the decision to send Soviet troops to Afghanistan in December 1979, expressed in a resolution of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR of December 24, 1989, which does not correspond to the principles of historical justice.”

The media that disseminated this excerpt from the document claimed that the full text of the statement (after being adopted at the plenary session of the chamber) will be published on the day of the 30th anniversary of the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan - February 15, 2019.

Enduring myths about the war in Afghanistan


However, on the indicated day instead of a document from the Duma in the RIA News There was a comment from the Kremlin. President’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov told the agency: “The State Duma’s initiative to revise the assessment of the entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan is not on the agenda, the main thing is to remember the heroes who performed their international duty.” So the attempt to revise the official assessment of the events of forty years ago failed.

Myths about the war in Afghanistan


Experts explained the failure of the Duma initiative by the fact that in the years after the Afghan war such a bucket of myths was thrown onto the head of society that it is no longer easy to play back, to give a different, true interpretation of those long-standing events. However, we will try.

To our time, for example, a tenacious myth has formed that the introduction of Soviet troops into Afghanistan provoked a civil war in the country, in which the West supported the forces of the Afghan resistance. Ultimately, these forces defeated the Soviet military contingent and forced him to leave.

This myth, planted by Western propagandists and supported by Russian liberals, has little to do with the truth of history. The reference to General Gromov clearly shows what actually happened in the Afghan war.

You can give the opinion and representative of the "other side". After the war (in 1997), Morton Abramowitz, head of the US State Department’s intelligence and research bureau, recalled: “In 1985, we were really worried that the Mujahideen were losing, their forces were thinning, and their troops were breaking up. They suffered heavy losses, and the damage inflicted on the Soviet troops was small. ”

By the way, the task of defeating Afghanistan was not set before the Soviet military. This is recognized even by our enemies in the West. They themselves were very “interested” in the Afghan events long before the Soviet forces entered the country.

The fact is that Afghanistan was in a fever for six years - after King Zahir Shah was overthrown here in 1973. Either one force or another came to power, until in April 1978 the socialists completed their April revolution.

She did not receive much support among the people, and then the revolutionaries quarreled among themselves, which gave rise to an acute internal conflict. For the Soviet Union, it could have grave consequences. The Tajik, Uzbek, and Turkmen populations of Afghanistan joined the outbreak of civil war. (Incidentally, this is about 15 million people - more than 40% of the country's population). The smoke from the new war pulled to our side of the border.

The West (primarily the United States) had its own game in this conflict. Long before him, the Americans fostered the Pashtun opposition in Pakistan's Peshawar, whose leaders were later called the "Peshawar seven."

As former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates recalls in his memoirs, after the April events in Kabul, the CIA (Gates then worked in this department) held a special meeting. On it they decided to help with money and weapons opposition Afghan forces.

The later deployment of Soviet forces to Afghanistan (ahead of the US deployment in Kabul, according to some sources), Western propaganda portrayed Russian aggression to seize territory. Actually, on this thesis the whole subsequent policy of the Americans was built, who wished to "drag the Soviets into the Vietnamese swamp."

Only people like the former president of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, can not recognize this truth of history. Last year, Gorbachev was very worried about the parliamentary initiative to reassess the Afghan war. I began to distribute interviews in which the actions of the deputies called “unacceptable and irresponsible,” in fact supporting those who produce myths about the war in Afghanistan.

The withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan turned into the myth of "flight".

In reality, Afghanistan left by Soviet troops came under the control of pro-American Mujahideen. The infection, which was held back by our 40th army, grew into the Islamic Taliban movement (* prohibited in the Russian Federation), radical terrorist groups and has now become a global problem.

It is worth recalling that Saudi Osama bin Laden, who created the terrorist Al Qaeda *, was nourished by the Americans in the mountains of Afghanistan. Here he built shelter tunnels for the Mujahideen, in which he then hid from his former patrons.

It is possible to continue to cite the prevailing myths about the Afghan war as an example. Basically, they reflect her, so to speak, upper political layer. You can’t imagine much about the events of the war itself. Her veterans are alive. They are carriers of that already long-standing history and do not allow it to be distorted and distorted.
Author:
Photos used:
voentelecom.ru, VK / Alena Morozova
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

26 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Lamata 14 February 2020 08: 43 New
    • 23
    • 4
    +19
    Some kind of strange invasion, the occupier builds factories, schools, hospitals, gives value, Compare this with the German invasion of the USSR. No, the negative was excesses, but the invasion !!! . The officers had a request. was. Right now in Afghanistan there are quite a lot of people, older and older, with warmth remember shuravi.
    1. vvvjak 14 February 2020 08: 52 New
      • 4
      • 1
      +3
      Quote: Lamata
      Some kind of strange invasion, the occupier builds factories, schools, hospitals, gives value,

      If you listen to the Polish "partners", then nothing strange. The SA in the same way "occupied" Poland, and recently agreed to the point that Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltic states were "occupied". And Afghanistan is a matter of course.
      1. Lamata 14 February 2020 08: 57 New
        • 4
        • 4
        0
        They captured the Poles, having grown them with lands of Prussia and Silesia, there is a reason to cry, they didn’t give much, they swore oaths. I am silent about the tribalt.
    2. Lipchanin 14 February 2020 09: 12 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      Quote: Lamata
      The officers had a request.

      So now in Syria at the official request. But the howl from them is almost the same.
      Last year, Gorbachev was very worried about the parliamentary initiative to reassess the Afghan war.

      Another bottom closer to Judah struck
    3. arlekin 14 February 2020 09: 13 New
      • 2
      • 21
      -19
      Quote: Lamata
      What a strange intrusion

      Well, you do not like the "invasion", but what is the name of the entry of troops into another country then. “Official request” yeah, why then did you need an assault on Amin’s palace with the murder of the latter? Capture of objects, disarmament of the troops of a legitimate government?
      Quote: Lamata
      Right now in Afghanistan there are quite a lot of people, older and older, with warmth remember shuravi.

      Who remembers? Relatives of a million dead or five million refugees? Did you ask people yourself?
      And about hospitals and schools, you can read on ArtOfWar how they built, especially about the “preventive fire”.
      1. Lamata 14 February 2020 09: 37 New
        • 4
        • 5
        -1
        in 2004 asked in Mazar-e-Sharif. But there were mistakes, I do not argue. In general, the input itself is an error. But input at the official request and not an invasion. And maybe, in your opinion, the Russian Federation and Crimea occupied?
        1. arlekin 14 February 2020 10: 24 New
          • 2
          • 8
          -6
          Quote: Lamata
          In general, the input itself is an error.

          I completely agree with you on this.
          Quote: Lamata
          But input at the request of an officer and not an invasion

          It’s clear what is incomprehensible here. You invited someone to guard your apartment, and they came in and killed you. This is of course easier for you, this is not an invasion.
          1. icant007 14 February 2020 11: 05 New
            • 7
            • 3
            +4
            Quote: arlekin
            It’s clear what is incomprehensible here. You invited someone to guard your apartment, and they came in and killed you. This is of course easier for you, this is not an invasion.


            Not certainly in that way. Taraki began to ask for help. Amin removed him from power by killing.

            We went into the apartment at the request of its owner in order to eliminate the new owner. So closer to the truth.
          2. Lamata 14 February 2020 11: 09 New
            • 1
            • 4
            -3
            You are somewhat grotesque and straightforward. in the beginning, the movement was not special, but then, both the internal forces and external assistance from a bunch of states and our mistakes and the mistakes of the Afghan government.
        2. Sigismund lasarevich 17 February 2020 22: 45 New
          • 0
          • 0
          0
          In general, the input itself is an error.

          More?
      2. icant007 14 February 2020 10: 47 New
        • 6
        • 4
        +2
        Quote: arlekin
        Capture of objects, disarmament of the troops of a legitimate government?


        The last legitimate was Zakir Shah.

        All subsequent came to power through an armed coup.

        We set a leader loyal to us, which is basically correct. True to the person (Karmal) were mistaken.
        1. Lamata 14 February 2020 12: 07 New
          • 2
          • 3
          -1
          Then the United States does not exist legally, by the time of the military coup, British rule was collected, and the USSR is not legal, the October coup and the Russian Federation too.
          1. icant007 14 February 2020 13: 10 New
            • 2
            • 2
            0
            Yes, all were once gangsters)
            1. Lamata 14 February 2020 13: 34 New
              • 1
              • 3
              -2
              Whisper !! You, too, have not escaped in your life, acts falling under the Criminal Code?
              1. icant007 14 February 2020 13: 56 New
                • 2
                • 3
                -1
                By a youngster) But I did not want to, accidentally happened)
                1. Lamata 14 February 2020 19: 51 New
                  • 0
                  • 3
                  -3
                  Well, for a youngster, this is so, if nothing special, I have 2 records for a youngster in the children's room of the police)))
      3. ermak124.0 19 February 2020 22: 36 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        Harlequin, Harlequin and Gorbi laughing What one, what another - clowns
  2. Dmitry Potapov 14 February 2020 08: 48 New
    • 6
    • 1
    +5
    If anyone had fled from the war, it was in Vietnam! The Soviet Army did everything that politicians gave it to do. And yet the “vanquished” do not go march, the winners march out. Tomorrow I’ll necessarily “hit” both for those who have returned and for those who have not returned.
  3. Vladimir_2U 14 February 2020 08: 56 New
    • 6
    • 2
    +4
    Somehow it turns out that almost any negative about the USSR turns out to be a myth, to a greater or lesser extent.
  4. Glory1974 14 February 2020 09: 05 New
    • 11
    • 2
    +9
    We are now in Syria, as in Afghanistan, at the request and agreement with the legitimate government of the country. Of course there are differences, but not fundamental ones.
    Therefore, I believe that the liberals, led by Gorbaty, once again lie.
  5. nikvic46 14 February 2020 09: 19 New
    • 9
    • 0
    +9
    Apart from the Afghans themselves, I don’t listen to or read anyone, and their opinion reflects the author of this post.
    1. ccsr 14 February 2020 18: 30 New
      • 3
      • 1
      +2
      Quote: nikvic46
      In addition to the Afghans themselves, I don’t listen to or read anyone.

      I knew Colonel Rotai Pavel Denisovich, now deceased, who went through Afghanistan in the eighties and who told me about the tragedy that happened in his family because of this war. He had a military-technical college of engineering troops, and in fact was engaged in construction while on a business trip, building military and civilian facilities. Moreover, he himself admitted that he fell under shelling and in other difficult situations, but did not really participate in military operations, although he had government awards from the two countries, and never believed that he did something heroic there. A problem arose in his family when a fifteen-year-old daughter, after listening to the speeches of her near-by teacher about the alleged guilt of our army in the victims of the civilian population of Afghanistan, called him a murderer of innocent children with blood on their hands. Not only that, she began to ignore him altogether and all his attempts to explain that he could not do otherwise and not go to Afghanistan, she did not perceive at all, like the fact that he didn’t kill anyone there. I don’t know how their relationship developed in the future, but only I came to this conclusion - too many vile people speculated on this war at that time, which in itself was a tragedy for our people, and in the end this scum tried to accuse us of we unleashed it. I believe that the introduction of troops was a big mistake, but the fact that our army there did not discredit itself, although anything happens in a war, should be the basis for evaluating the Afghan war from the soron of any decent person. Of course, the consequences of this war affected in 1991, but this has nothing to do with those who performed an international duty there.
  6. knn54 14 February 2020 10: 16 New
    • 8
    • 1
    +7
    Gorbachev began the betrayal of the USSR with the betrayal of Afghanistan.
    1. Sarkazm 14 February 2020 23: 20 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      People’s memory has not betrayed, this is the most important thing, very few people will pass this scumbag the grave, and the graves of the children brought from there in zinc coffins, who were lucky with a small window in front of their faces - in city cemeteries and in rural graveyards even after everyone died their loved ones are not forgotten and well-groomed.
  7. Kostadinov 17 February 2020 10: 14 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Quote: icant007
    The last legitimate was Zakir Shah.

    All subsequent came to power through an armed coup.

    What is the legal way to change the monarch? How many voted for Zakir Shah?
  8. ermak124.0 19 February 2020 22: 39 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Gorby was worried ... Why didn’t he die? what