75 years ago, Soviet troops stormed Budapest

75 years ago, Soviet troops stormed Budapest
Submachine gunners of the 3rd Ukrainian Front in street battles for Budapest. January 1945


The Agony of the Third Reich. 75 years ago, on February 13, 1945, Soviet troops completed the assault on the capital of Hungary, the city of Budapest. The successful completion of the Budapest operation dramatically changed the entire strategic situation on the southern wing of the Soviet-German front and facilitated the advance of the Red Army in the Berlin direction.

The Hungarian capital, troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front under the command of Marshal R. Ya. Malinovsky and the 3rd Ukrainian Front, Marshal F.I. Tolbukhin was blocked on December 26, 1944. Surrounded by 188 thousand German-Hungarian group proposed to fold weapon. However, the Nazis killed the Soviet parliamentarians. Of all the European capitals taken by Soviet troops, Budapest took first place in the duration of street battles.

Firstly, this was due to the difficult operational situation on the outer ring of the environment, where the Nazis repeatedly tried to free the surrounded garrison of General Pfeffer-Wildenbruch. The Germans launched strong counterattacks with powerful mobile units. This made it difficult to concentrate on defeating the garrison of the city. Secondly, the Soviet command, in order to save the Hungarian capital, where there were many historical monuments, and to avoid serious damage in a crowded city, tried to avoid the use of heavy artillery and aviation. All this dragged on the capture of Budapest.


Troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front in the battles for Budapest. January 1945


Soviet gunners are preparing to open fire from the 152-mm howitzer ML-20 in Budapest, on Calvary Square. January 1945


Soviet gunners are preparing to open fire from the 152-mm howitzer ML-20 on Kalwaria Square in Budapest. January - February 1945

The situation in Hungary


In the fall of 1944, the Red Army, having completed the liberation of Romania and Bulgaria, entered the border of Hungary and Yugoslavia. The offensive began on the territory of Hungary, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Hungary by this time remained the only ally of the Reich. The fighting in Hungary dragged on for almost six months. This was due to the fact that Hitler did his best to keep Hungary, and there were concentrated large forces of the Wehrmacht, including powerful armored forces.

In addition, the Hungarian elite to the last remained faithful to Hitler. True, after the heavy defeat of the Hungarian army on the Middle Don in the winter of 1943 and the great loss of mood in Budapest began to change. But overall, Horthy’s dictatorial regime did not experience big problems, the population was loyal, and resistance was minimal. Only in March 1944 did the Germans openly occupy the country when Horthy began to seek a truce with the anti-Hitler coalition. The first Hungarian partisans appeared only in the autumn of 1944, when the defeat of the Third Reich became apparent and the Red Army triumphantly advanced. On October 6, 1944, the 2nd Ukrainian Front (2nd UV) launched the Debrecen operation. From the very first days, our troops achieved significant results, defeated the 3rd Hungarian army. During the offensive, the eastern part of Hungary and the northern part of Transylvania were liberated.

After this, the dictator of Hungary Miklos Horthy showed flexibility. He fired the pro-German government, and on October 15 the new government announced a truce with the USSR. Hungary's withdrawal from the war exposed the southern flank of the Reich and could lead to the isolation of the Balkan Wehrmacht. Germany also needed Hungarian oil. Hitler's reaction was lightning fast. The Germans carried out Operation Panzerfaust. German troops took control of all of Hungary and its army. The Führer’s personal commandos Otto Skorzeny kidnapped the dictator’s son, Horthy Jr. He was put in a concentration camp and informed his father that they would execute him if he showed resistance. Horthy capitulated, he was placed under arrest in Germany. Power was transferred to the leader of the Hungarian Nazi pro-German party Salashi. Hungary continued the war on the side of Germany. To avoid rebellion in the Hungarian army, the Germans divided the Hungarian divisions, they acted as part of the German corps. The remaining compact Hungarian troops, like the 2nd and 3rd armies, were subordinated to the German command. All Hungarian units were at the front, away from Budapest. In the depths of the country there were almost no Hungarian troops to rely on the government. In the area of ​​the Hungarian capital were concentrated German tank connections.


Soviet T-34 tanks with assault rifles engage in battle on the outskirts of Budapest. 1944


Soviet soldiers with an M3A1 Scout Car (American-made Lend-Lease-manufactured) reconnaissance armored personnel carrier in battle for a settlement near Budapest. 1945


The Soviet Ford truck (Ford G8T, American-made) drives past the German Pz.Kpfw tank. IV, shot down under Budapest. 1945


A column of Soviet self-propelled guns SU-76M before the march. It is assumed that the picture was taken during the Budapest operation

Budapest operation


On October 29, 1944, the troops of the left wing of the 2nd UV began the Budapest operation. The main blow was inflicted by units of the 46th Army, the 2nd and 4th Guards Mechanized Corps. Here mainly the Hungarian units defended themselves and the defense was weaker. Soviet troops had to go to the city from the southeast and take it on the move. From the northeast, an auxiliary strike was delivered by the 7th Guards Army. The rest of Malinovsky’s troops advanced in the direction of Miskolc. The troops of the 3rd UV (3rd UV) under the leadership of Tolbukhin had just completed the Belgrade operation and began to transfer to Hungary the 57th army, which was concentrated in the Banat area and was supposed to capture the bridgeheads on the Danube.


The left wing of the 2nd UV broke through the enemy’s defenses and by November 2, 1944, our troops reached the approaches to Budapest. However, on the move to take the Hungarian capital failed. The German command transferred 14 divisions here (including three panzer and one motorized division from the Miskolc region), which, relying on a pre-prepared defense system, stopped the further advance of the Soviet troops. The Soviet Headquarters ordered to expand the offensive zone in order to defeat the Budapest group by strikes from the north, east and south. During November 1944, the Soviet armies broke through the enemy’s defenses between the Tissa and Danube rivers and, having advanced up to 100 km, reached the outer defensive contour of Budapest from the south and southeast. Meanwhile, troops of the 3rd UV captured a large bridgehead on the west bank of the Danube. After that, the troops of the center and the left wing of the 2nd UV received the task of creating an encirclement ring around Budapest.

On December 5–9, the troops of the 7th Guards, 6th Guards Tank Armies and the horse-mechanized group of Lieutenant General Pliev intercepted the northern communications of the Wehrmacht Budapest group. On the left wing of the 46th army crossed the Danube south of Budapest. But immediately from the west it was not possible to get around the city. Fierce fighting continued until December 26th. The Soviet command had to throw new powerful formations into battle: the 2nd Guards, 7th Mechanized and 18th Panzer Corps. Only in the 26th troops of the 2nd and 3rd UV united in the area of ​​Esztergom and surrounded almost 190 thousand. enemy grouping.


Submachine gunners of the 3rd Ukrainian Front are fighting on the street of Budapest. 1945


The assault group of the platoon commander of the 60th separate assault engineering and combat engineer battalion of the 12th assault engineering and combat brigade of the Third State Front RGC 3rd Lieutenant Yakov Stepanovich Gorynin in a street battle in Budapest. January 1945


Soviet soldier in a street battle on Ferenc Square in Budapest. February 1945

Storming Budapest


It is worth noting that the German and Hungarian military commanders believed that Budapest should not be defended in conditions of complete encirclement. The Commander-in-Chief of Army Group South, Johannes Friesner, wanted to level the front line and avoid street battles. He also noted the strong anti-German sentiment of the inhabitants of the capital. In the rear of the German troops a riot could break out. The commander of the 6th German Army, General Maximilian Fretter-Pico, wanted to retreat behind the Attila Line in order to avoid the threat of encirclement. The Hungarian command also considered the defense of Budapest possible only in the defense zone of the Attila Line. The capital, after breaking through the defensive line and the threat of the environment, was not going to defend. The "national leader" of the Hungarian state of Salashi also feared the uprising of the "rabble of the big city" and believed that troops should be withdrawn to the mountainous regions. The Hungarian leadership proposed declaring Budapest an “open city” and thereby avoid destruction historical capital Cities.

Hitler did not take into account the arguments of his command and the Hungarian military-political leadership. The troops did not withdraw. The Führer ordered to defend every house, not to take into account losses and by an order of December 1, 1944 declared Budapest a fortress. The commandant of the city appointed the top leader of the SS and the police in Hungary, the general of the SS troops, Obergruppenführer Otto Winkelmann. The 9th SS Mountain Corps under the command of the SS Obergruppenführer Karl Pfeffer-Wildenbruch was handed over to him. In fact, it was he who became the leader of the defense of Budapest. Each stone house became a small fortress, streets and quarters - bastions. For their defense they mobilized all they could. Frisner and Fretter-Picot removed from their posts. Army Group "South" was led by Otto Veller, and the 6th Army - Balck.

After the encirclement there was the possibility of withdrawing a combat-ready core from Budapest. At first, there was no tight circle of encirclement, and the German-Hungarian troops, especially with external support, could break through to their own. But they did not receive such an order. On the contrary, they were instructed from above to stand to the last. As a result, Budapest, with its more than one million people, became the scene of a fierce battle, the “Danube Stalingrad”, due to the fault of the Führer. To capture the city, a Budapest group was formed under the command of General I.M. Afonin (then I.M. Managarov). It consisted of 3 rifle corps and 9 artillery brigades.

The siege of Budapest was delayed due to the heavy fighting that continued in Hungary. The German High Command continued to build up the forces of Army Group U in Hungary. 37 divisions were sent here, sent from other sectors of the front (including the central Berlin direction) and from the Western Front. By the beginning of January 1945, the Germans had concentrated 16 armored and motorized divisions here — half of all the Reich’s armored forces on the Russian front. In January 1945, the Nazis struck three powerful blows with the goal of releasing the Budapest group and leveling the front along the Danube (Operation Konrad).

Interestingly, Hitler did not want to cut through the corridor to Budapest with the goal of withdrawing the garrison there, on the contrary, but he wanted to strengthen it with fresh forces. In his opinion, the “Danube Stalingrad” was to grind the Russian troops and tie them together. It was necessary to keep the western part of Hungary and cover the way to Vienna. Therefore, the Führer categorically rejected any idea of ​​surrendering Budapest and breaking through its garrison towards its own. The Budapest garrison was to keep the city until the arrival of its troops. Therefore, the Pfeffer-Wildenbruch group did not attempt to leave their city towards releasing forces and until the last waited for release. As a result, Hungary became a field of extremely stubborn and fierce battle. So on January 18 - 26, the Germans struck from the area north of Lake Balaton, dismembered the front of the 3rd UV and reached the Danube. The enemy’s breakthrough was eliminated only by the joint efforts of the troops of the 2nd and 3rd UV.

Meanwhile, the forces of the 2nd UV continued the fierce battle for the Hungarian capital. They tried to cut through the enemy’s defenses, and then destroyed separate, isolated enemy garrisons. The tactics of assault groups were actively used. Such a group usually included a platoon of riflemen, sappers, flamethrowers, it was supported by 1-2 tanks or self-propelled guns, guns that were hit by direct fire. On January 18, 1945, our troops took the eastern part of the city - Pest, and on February 13 - the western - Buda. The rest of the German-Hungarian group tried to break out of the city as early as February 11, since the integral defense collapsed and it was necessary to break through or surrender, and the Nazis did not want to surrender. The fighting lasted a few more days. Only a few hundred soldiers and officers were able to leave. The rest were killed or captured. The final cleaning of the city was completed by February 17. Over 138 thousand people were taken prisoner together with the command.


The calculation of the Soviet 76-mm gun ZiS-3 is firing on the street of Budapest. January-February 1945


Soviet submachine gunner at the barricade on Kalwaria Square in Budapest. Under the barricade, made of pavers, lies the corpse of a German soldier. February 1945


Senior sergeant Yevgeny Ivanovich Kosterev and junior sergeant Alexander Dmitrievich Pertyakov from the 1405th anti-aircraft artillery regiment of the 38th anti-aircraft artillery Cherkasy Red Banner Division of the High Command Reserve set the Soviet flag over Budapest. Photo taken on the roof of New York Palace

Results of the operation


Soviet troops liberated the central part of Hungary and Budapest from the Nazis and their local accomplices. The Budapest enemy group was defeated. Hungary withdrawn from the war. The interim government of Hungary on December 28, 1944 decided to withdraw from the war and declared war on the Reich. On January 20, 1945, the Provisional Government entered into a truce with the powers of the anti-Hitler coalition. The Salashi government continued to resist. Hungarian troops fought on the side of the Germans in the Balaton operation and in Austria.

The battle in Hungary, including the Budapest direction, attracted significant Wehrmacht forces, including from the central (Berlin) direction. The battle for Budapest facilitated the Red Army conducting the Wisla-Oder operation, a breakthrough to Berlin.

The defeat of the Budapest enemy grouping seriously changed the situation on the southern wing of the Soviet-German front. A threat was created to the communications of the Balkan group of the Wehrmacht, its withdrawal was accelerated. The Red Army got the opportunity to develop an offensive in Czechoslovakia and Austria.

The Budapest operation is described in more detail in the articles on “VO”: Battle for hungary; The beginning of the siege of Budapest; Breakthrough "Attila Line". The beginning of the Pest assault; Fall Pest. The beginning of the storming of Buda; Strong assault on Buda; Operation "Conrad"; The bloody finale of the Budapest group.


A soldier with a group of captured Hungarian soldiers and officers on the Kinizi street in Budapest. February 1945


Soviet traffic controller at the poster "Death to the German invaders!" On Calvin Square (Erzhebet Square) in Budapest. In the center is the Danubius Fountain (Danube Fountain). February 1945


Soviet machine gunners hoisted a red banner at the entrance to the Hungarian parliament in Budapest. February 1945
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  1. Same lech 13 February 2020 05: 46 New
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    Thank you Alexander for the article ... thanks for the pictures ... some I have never seen.
    The assault teams that took Budapest were very well armed ... a complete set of necessary to carry out a combat mission ... immediately visible is the good preparation of the commanders for the capture of the city.

    One thing is a pity that after the cleansing of Hungary from the Nazis, the lustration of the Nazis of Hungary was not carried out ... then all of this came back in 1956.
    1. Olgovich 13 February 2020 09: 25 New
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      Quote: The same Lech
      One thing is a pity that after the cleansing of Hungary from the Nazis, the lustration of the Nazis of Hungary was not carried out ... then all of this came back in 1956.

      Wow ..

      Hungarian WWII Nazis became the main force in 1956.

      The last, most loyal and furious allies of Hitler.

      And no arntinazstskih Hungarian uprisings-did not have
      1. Romka47 13 February 2020 12: 33 New
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        So they and monsters were such that the SS next to them were just small dirty tricks, in Voronezh we had an unofficial order "Do not take Hungarians captive," well, as the locals say, my favorite amusement was to chop the old woman with an ax, or a child before Quarter mother, about the fact that the icons as targets were silent, this is against the background of everything ..
      2. Olgovich 13 February 2020 14: 39 New
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        Quote: Olgovich
        Quote: The same Lech
        One thing is a pity that after the cleansing of Hungary from the Nazis, the lustration of the Nazis of Hungary was not carried out ... then all of this came back in 1956.

        Wow ..

        Hungarian WWII Nazis became the main force in 1956.

        The last, most loyal and furious allies of Hitler.

        And no arntinazstskih Hungarian uprisings-did not have

        judging by the number of minuses, the site has a lot ofHungarian Rivers the Nazis. yes
        Lichki- do not want to show? lol

        Nope, they don’t want to. lol Just go in profile and stupidly minus ALL comments "enemy" in a row: 15 minutes of work -and minus three thousand points to the enemy ...

        Don’t fill the corns, you’re ridiculous and ridiculous, you get into such vile absurd stories that it’s a shame to show your face .... lol
        1. rich 14 February 2020 04: 20 New
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          For some reason, the article does not say that in the Budapest operation, as part of the 2nd Ukrainian Front under the command of Marshal of the Soviet Union Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky, in addition to 7 Soviet armies, there were also 2 Romanian royal armies.
    2. Bagatur 14 February 2020 13: 04 New
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      One thing is a pity that after the cleansing of Hungary from the Nazis, the lustration of the Nazis of Hungary was not carried out ... then all of this came back in 1956.[i] [/ i]
      Will Hungary cleanse Hungary? The communists there, as well as all of Eastern Europe, the stalinists Stalin and Soviet schiki, held them in power.
  2. Vladimir_2U 13 February 2020 05: 52 New
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    Soviet capitals of Europe liberated the capitals of Europe, and only Berlin and Budapest took!
    1. Den717 13 February 2020 07: 24 New
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      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      Soviet capitals of Europe liberated the capitals of Europe, and only Berlin and Budapest took!

      And Vienna, and Berlin? They were also taken, but not released.
    2. Den717 13 February 2020 08: 03 New
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      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      only Berlin and Budapest

      I’m recovering, instead of Berlin, put Koenigsberg, who also took.
      1. Vladimir_2U 13 February 2020 08: 07 New
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        What place is Koenigsberg the capital of?
        Quote: Den717
        And Vienna
        Here, yes, I was not in the know.
        1. Den717 13 February 2020 09: 25 New
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          Quote: Vladimir_2U
          What place is Koenigsberg the capital of?

          Koenigsberg is the historical capital of Prussia, but until 1871, until the end of WWII, Koenig was the capital of the German province of East Prussia. Whatever it is, but still the capital. wink
      2. Van 16 13 February 2020 09: 16 New
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        My grandfather had one of the medals "For the capture of Koenigsberg."
        Just remembered.
        1. AK1972 13 February 2020 12: 46 New
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          Quote: Van 16
          My grandfather had one of the medals "For the capture of Koenigsberg."

          This medal is one of the most valuable awards of the Second World War (not in terms of value on the black market). The battles for the capture of Koenigsberg were the hardest - 580 thousand. total, 127 thousand killed. My wife’s grandfather also had this medal. He was proud of her more than all other awards. Battalion intelligence, and they survived a bit to Victory. By the way, he was credited with intelligence after escaping from captivity, naturally after verification. This is the question of the NKVD atrocities.
          1. Van 16 13 February 2020 13: 05 New
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            I have been a signalman for the whole war. Once, as a kid, I watched his awards, I asked: what is this for? He answers: yes, for nothing. But I'm insistent, he still told, and the story struck with his ordinary heroism
            "The connection had to be urgently extended to the front line, well, one ran, he was killed. The second ran, they killed. Well, I hooked the coil on my back, went where I ran, where I crawled, I scratched it, of course, but I did it. Anyway .. "
            And I introduced all this ..
    3. Romka47 13 February 2020 12: 34 New
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      even Kenik, they were always medals for the liberation (of Prague for example) and these are precisely for taking
      1. 210ox 13 February 2020 17: 53 New
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        But different operations. The capture of East Prussia is the den of the enemy or the liberation of Czechoslovakia. Almost an ally. Whatever it was. Although they worked for the enemy, they also fought against him. Here is such a historical incident.
        1. Romka47 14 February 2020 10: 41 New
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          I completely agree, but hatred also played a role, that is, the same Hungarians understood that no one would spare them, did too many atrocities, and the Italians, on the contrary, my grandmother said that they were people, and they treated our Germans well, she found the Germans and Hungarians Italians, Hungarians weren’t even discussed there, about the Germans they said so through gritted teeth, but about the Italians like this: when the Italians were taken prisoners in the village, there was a frost, everyone’s nose got frostbite, people were starving themselves and they were brought to a column who has a bread crust who is kartoh which one.
      2. Doliva63 15 February 2020 18: 25 New
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        Quote: Romka47
        even Kenik, they were always medals for the liberation (of Prague for example) and these are precisely for taking

        He was also surprised that his father had "for the liberation of Prague" and for "the capture of Budapest", he asked what is the difference? He said - in losses. But, again, there was a medal "for the capture of Vienna", but the losses with Budapest are not comparable. In general, it is not clear.
        1. Geronimo73_2 18 February 2020 16: 54 New
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          Yes, everything is clear - the cities that were part of the Reich and the cities of its allies were taken, the cities of the occupied countries were liberated. Hungary is the only ally of Germany who never sided with the USSR and its allies. And the amount of losses has nothing to do with it. Austria was an integral part of Germany, and it is not entirely correct to call the Anschluss an occupation
          1. Doliva63 18 February 2020 18: 16 New
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            Quote: Geronimo73_2
            Yes, everything is clear - the cities that were part of the Reich and the cities of its allies were taken, the cities of the occupied countries were liberated. Hungary is the only ally of Germany who never sided with the USSR and its allies. And the amount of losses has nothing to do with it. Austria was an integral part of Germany, and it is not entirely correct to call the Anschluss an occupation

            Well, it seems logical.
  3. Phil77 13 February 2020 06: 33 New
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    * And on his chest glowed
    Medal for the city of Budapest. *
    1. Qwertyarion 13 February 2020 07: 06 New
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      My grandfather freed this city!
      And many years later, a medal "for the capture of the city of Budapest" also shone on his chest!
      1. not main 13 February 2020 23: 13 New
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        And my grandfather was proud of this medal! "And on his chest shone a medal for the city of Budapest!"
    2. rich 14 February 2020 04: 22 New
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      Phil77 (Sergey) : And a medal for the city of Budapest shone on his chest

  4. Morozyaka 13 February 2020 06: 43 New
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    I am personally embarrassed that Prague, Warsaw, Budapest and other cities tried to take "carefully", trying to save the population and historical monuments, increasing their losses. And this is in countries that are completely hostile to us. Why? So that no one could later blame us for anything? So the whole story was always found to be an occasion, and if they weren’t found, they were invented, and people can’t be returned. Was it worth it?
    1. vindigo 13 February 2020 16: 51 New
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      I do not understand too. Beat the enemy’s crashes on a foreign land from all that is, is it all alien, why pity? And this enemy first came to us and did so many troubles. Incomprehensible snot. The Americans overcame the ancient cities calmly along with civilians and now their descendants of the surviving inhabitants idolize. I imagine how we would be adored now, if we walked there with fire and sword. Strong and ruthless love.
    2. 210ox 13 February 2020 17: 58 New
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      I'm not sure that they took it "neatly." Everything was clear with Warsaw, it was completely destroyed, and not we. Prague was taken at the very end; there, the combat-ready units of the Nazis themselves wanted to quickly make their legs towards the Americans. There was serious destruction in Budapest. This is all post-war politics, it was necessary to create a social camp.
  5. Lamata 13 February 2020 08: 04 New
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    author rakhmet. fights there were fierce, Hungarians were good fighters. They told me that in Budapest there are still houses with traces of war.
    1. Doliva63 18 February 2020 18: 21 New
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      Quote: Lamata
      author rakhmet. fights there were fierce, Hungarians were good fighters. They told me that in Budapest there are still houses with traces of war.

      Hungarians were nobody like an army. That's how punishers and looters - yes. They even did not like the Hitler Wehrmacht.
  6. fk7777777 13 February 2020 08: 38 New
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    Yes, of course, we learned to fight, out of almost 190 thousand groups, to capture 138 thousand, together with the headquarters, but after all we had Leningrad, Stalingrad, etc. , for all their crimes, and then suddenly worries about cultural monuments ?, it’s not clear ... The artillery, both its own and the captured one, at that time was full of all calibers. Dermocratizers, one hundred percent, would simply bomb everything in the trash, after that they would clean the area with flamethrowers, and they would also have the best friends.
    1. Lamata 13 February 2020 10: 42 New
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      Pralno, it was necessary to crush all these capitals, they did not spare us.
      1. Phil77 13 February 2020 18: 42 New
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        Excuse me, but ... Why did the German soldiers come to our land with you? On an invasive mission, didn’t you? And we liberated the countries mentioned above. RELEASED!
        1. Lamata 13 February 2020 20: 43 New
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          And the released are fought with us, drunkenly. What is more important is the 100 lives of our soldiers or an enemy city.
          1. Phil77 13 February 2020 21: 01 New
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            I will answer you this way: there are medals * For the liberation of * Prague *, * Belgrade *, * Warsaw *, and there are for the capture of * Königsberg *, * Berlin *, * Vienna *. Is the difference clear? And yes! The Red Army command ordered to save as much as possible cities, why? Because they knew, they believed in the future! You see? Stalin himself said that the Hitlers came and went, and the people of Germany were and will be. Will you argue? And about the scales, where on one side of life there are 100 fighters, and from another city. This is please to Dostoevsky! That's something like that. Regards, I.
            1. bubalik 13 February 2020 21: 16 New
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              Sergey, why did you get that when storming the city they thought about its safety, and not about people?
              1. Phil77 13 February 2020 21: 30 New
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                Eh, no Sergey! * For the capture of Budapest *! This is, after all, the capital of an enemy state, and here we can’t talk about a gentle assault! Hi, actually!
                1. bubalik 13 February 2020 21: 36 New
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                  Great hi! ,,, so where did it come from that during the storming of the city:
                  Secondly, the Soviet command, in order to preserve the Hungarian capital, where there were many historical monuments, and to avoid serious damage in a crowded city, tried to avoid the use of heavy artillery and aircraft.
                  ?? ,,, the directive of the bid of the time suggests otherwise winkdo not care about the monuments, the main thing is that there would be fewer victims on our part. repeat
                  1. Phil77 13 February 2020 21: 42 New
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                    And also och.mnogo say photos of the taken city! If you compare the photos taken of Berlin and Königsberg, then the difference still has a place to be!
                    1. bubalik 13 February 2020 21: 48 New
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                      ,,, bullshit all this, even on the MO website today posted a photo, look.
                      In the photographs from the report of the troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front for January 1945, Budapest appears as a destroyed city. Most of it turned into ruins. The forces of the Red Army have carried out colossal mine clearance work in Budapest.
                      1. Phil77 13 February 2020 21: 53 New
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                        Yes, I didn’t look at the site! I specifically googled this topic and looked at other resources. Among the historical buildings of palaces, a church and other things, there is little destruction. Well, almost a little.
                      2. Alexey RA 14 February 2020 11: 08 New
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                        Quote: Phil77
                        Yes, I didn’t look at the site! I specifically googled this topic and looked at other resources. Among the historical buildings of palaces, a church and other things, there is little destruction. Well, almost a little.

                        At least the fact that the restoration of the Royal Palace / Buda Castle lasted as far back as the 60s speaks of the scale of destruction in Budapest. Even student construction teams from the entire social camp were involved. My mother worked there one summer, along with the Germans and Poles.
            2. bubalik 13 February 2020 21: 32 New
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              ,, artillery used to the fullest.




  • Sadam 13 February 2020 09: 02 New
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    and the photos touched me. real without breaks. always warped how on the mosfilm front-dressers are dressing - in the new overcoat the gymnastics boots are not open
  • BAI
    BAI 13 February 2020 09: 12 New
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    Soviet gunners are preparing to open fire from the 152-mm howitzer ML-20 on Kalwaria Square in Budapest. January - February 1945

    The photo is clearly staged. If the howitzer fires, nothing will remain of the anti-aircraft gun, which is so freely positioned on the line of fire. It is unlikely that the anti-aircraft gun’s calculation was so stupid as to stand in front of a firing howitzer (large-caliber).
    1. Alexey RA 13 February 2020 11: 18 New
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      Quote: BAI
      The photo is clearly staged.

      It is funny that this photo is placed directly under the proposal to limit the use of heavy artillery in the city. smile
      Secondly, the Soviet command, in order to preserve the Hungarian capital, where there were many historical monuments, and to avoid serious damage in a crowded city, tried to avoid the use of heavy artillery and aircraft.
      1. strannik1985 13 February 2020 11: 32 New
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        Amusingly

        If this is direct fire, then it completely fits into the "avoid".
    2. Freeman 13 February 2020 12: 38 New
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      Quote: BAI

      Soviet gunners are preparing to open fire from the 152-mm howitzer ML-20 on Kalwaria Square in Budapest. January - February 1945

      The photo is clearly staged. If the howitzer fires, nothing will remain of the anti-aircraft gun, which is so freely positioned on the line of fire. It is unlikely that the anti-aircraft gun’s calculation was so stupid as to stand in front of a firing howitzer (large-caliber).


      If the calculation was not stupid, then surely surrendered.

      In the photo there is a German anti-aircraft gun 7,62 / 8,8 cm Flak M31 (r).
      Former Soviet 76 mm. anti-aircraft gun arr. 1931 3-K., converted by the Germans to their caliber 88 mm.

      Here is a closer photo from the same area (pay attention to the fallen post)


      The fact that this is a "rework" under the German barrel, says the thin stock, visible under the knurl, on the left.

      Better trunk view

      Soviet T-60 light tanks and a captured trooper anti-aircraft gun 7,62 / 8,8 cm Flak M31 (r) (Soviet 76-mm anti-aircraft gun K-3 of the 1931 model converted to 88 mm German caliber) on the corner of Christina Boulevard and Joseph Boulevard (Krisztina körút - Hajnóczy József utca sarok) in Budapest. In the center, between the T-60 is a light French tank Renault R35 (Renault R35). Leftmost T-40 tank.
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  • Sergelis 13 February 2020 12: 43 New
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    was there last summer.
    still in the center are burnt houses and houses with characteristic crests on the walls
  • Operator 13 February 2020 13: 11 New
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    The Austrian Hitler was very afraid for Vienna, Vienna, sacrificed the Budapest group and even transferred armored units there from the main Berlin direction (thereby making it easier for the Red Army to carry out the Vistula-Oder operation).

    Stalin made only one mistake - he began to turn Budapest into rubble by the forces of the Red Army Air Force on the model of Berlin, Konigberg, Hamburg and other large cities bombed by US-British aircraft. Destruction of buildings - they are also defense nodes - to the state of facades along the advance lines of the Red Army units would allow a multiple reduction in the time taken to take the city (see Berlin operation).

    At the same time, the complete destruction of Budapest would stop the Hungarian rebellion of 1956 at its root - the Hungarians would still be raking the ruins.
  • fighter angel 13 February 2020 14: 16 New
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    Something in the photo of the Magyars, of these very "prisoners", the muzzle is painfully arrogant ...
    So they ask the butt a couple of times between the eyes ...
    Especially the hussar on the left would tear his mustache to this creature, and with the meat, and see
    then, what a "proud" look it will have!
    1. fighter angel 13 February 2020 15: 50 New
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      As I understand it, a defender of the proud Magyars appeared in VO, which is minus?
      1. not main 13 February 2020 23: 25 New
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        Quote: fighter angel
        As I understand it, a defender of the proud Magyars appeared in VO, which is minus?

        No, they’re the same ... but out of the blue! Actually, as they are used to!
  • nnz226 13 February 2020 22: 59 New
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    ... And on his chest shone a medal for the city of Budapest!
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  • Xomaik 15 February 2020 20: 08 New
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    But suppose the Russians didn’t want the monuments to be destroyed, but the front was delayed even though the Russians captured Budapest, for me it was stupid not to use equipment and aircraft