The first of its kind. BTR "Eitan" goes into a series


The first experienced Eitan at the exhibition in 2018


A few years ago in Israel, the development of a promising armored personnel carrier with the code "Eitan" began. To date, development work has been completed, as well as measures taken to prepare the series. On February 9, the Israeli Ministry of Defense officially announced the launch of mass production of such equipment.

Way to the series


The development of a promising armored personnel carrier began in 2014 as a result of the next operation of the Israel Defense Forces. The fighting confirmed the need to build and deploy more heavy armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles with a high level of protection. The new project was created by the Directorate of Armored Equipment of the Ministry of Defense with the participation of a number of Israeli and foreign companies. The latter were mainly considered as suppliers of certain components.

The design took about two years, and already in 2016, the first prototype was launched for testing. Until mid-2018, the first Eitan was tested alone, after which the second experimental machine went to the training ground. In 2019, the third armored personnel carrier was first shown. In the same period, tests were conducted of new combat units and modules of various kinds. In particular, the third prototype became a platform for testing a new turret with weapons.

Finally, on February 9, AOI announced the launch of mass production of equipment. The first few cars were laid, the construction of which will continue until next year. The transfer of the first batch to the customer is scheduled for the end of 2021. With the help of the new Eitan, the AOI plans to gradually replace the obsolete M113 armored personnel carriers.

Production cooperation


The main features of the production of new technology are known. The final assembly of armored vehicles will be carried out by Israel; local enterprises will also begin to produce some components and assemblies. Other components are planned to be purchased from foreign suppliers. In some cases, this will provide substantial benefits.

In total, more than 60 companies, mainly Israeli and American, were involved in the Eitan production processes. Also concluded contracts with companies from other countries. We are talking about both manufacturers of military equipment and suppliers from the civilian sphere.

The head company for the assembly of "Eitan" will be the repair and restoration center MASHA-7000 in Tel Hashomer. Now this organization is busy building tanks "Merkava" and BTR "Namer". There are reports of the deployment of new production facilities and the recruitment of employees - probably these measures are directly related to the production of promising equipment. The expansion of production and the creation of jobs will allow for the assembly of armored personnel carriers without prejudice to existing orders.


Three experienced armored personnel carriers. In the center - the third prototype, which is the benchmark for the series

The main task of the MASHA-7000 will be the assembly of finished armored personnel carriers. At the same time, individual components will be produced. At the early stages, the repair and restoration center will have to make a noticeable number of units, but then their share will decrease and will not exceed 10%.

AOI plans to reduce the cost of Eitan due to US military assistance. To do this, at least half of the units for armored personnel carriers must be purchased in the United States. We are talking about the elements of the transmission, on-board equipment, some types of weapons, etc.

An additional way to save money is the design approach: the project makes the most of commercial components available on the market. In addition, the best practices for other projects of armored vehicles, including main tanks and tracked armored personnel carriers / infantry fighting vehicles.

So far, it is only known that the first Eitans will manufacture and transfer AOI by the end of next year. The number of cars in the first batch and the cost of the contract are not specified. However, it is known that a new-type serial armored personnel carrier, depending on the configuration, should cost about $ 3 million. Part of this price will be covered by American assistance.

AOI's plans for the total number of serial "Eitan" also remain unknown. In the past, officials spoke of hundreds of armored personnel carriers during the twenties, but more accurate data were not disclosed.

Nevertheless, the data on the procurement of individual components allow us to say an early delivery of about 50 cars. In the future, new orders may appear. Eitan is intended to replace the obsolete M113, one of the largest vehicles in the Israeli army. There are more than 6 thousand old APCs in service and storage, and replacing this fleet requires a large amount of modern equipment.

Final look


The main technical features of the Eitan armored personnel carrier were announced back in 2016. Subsequently, the appearance of the machine was repeatedly specified, which was soon reported by open sources. The benchmark for the series was the third prototype, mostly similar to the first sample. At the same time, prototypes differ in the composition of equipment and weapons, which will affect serial production.

The project proposes the construction of a wheeled armored personnel carrier on a four-axle chassis. The layout is standard for modern machines of this class. The general architecture of the machine and the composition of the units are determined taking into account the cost reduction of production and operation. At the same time, measures were taken to increase the level of protection against all threats specific to the AOI work areas.


The eight-wheeled chassis is equipped with a 750 hp diesel engine. MTU brands. Torque is distributed using an Allison automatic transmission. An independent spring suspension was used with the placement of parts outside the armored housing. With a mass of 30-35 tons, Eitan should develop a maximum speed of 90 km / h on the highway; on rough terrain - at least 50 km / h.

More than 20 tons of armored steel are used to manufacture the machine body. It is alleged that such a housing provides a high level of ballistic and mine protection, however, the exact parameters are not disclosed. Earlier, Eitan was proposed to equip the Meil ​​Ruach active defense complex, but then the plans changed. Now, armored personnel carriers should receive KAZ Hets Dorban - a contract for dozens of such products was signed in January. KAZ launchers will be mounted in pairs to control different hemispheres.

Several weapons options are offered. The first prototypes were carried by the Katlanit DBM with a heavy machine gun. The third used a turret with a 30 mm cannon and another weapons. The development of a new combat module with missile-cannon weapons is also ongoing.

The project is characterized by the widespread use of modern electronics. So, along the perimeter of the case there are 10 cameras for driving and monitoring the situation; The video signal is output to 5 monitors in the inhabited compartments. There are modern means of communication and control, including armored personnel carriers in the common information space.

Earlier it was reported that in the inhabited departments of the armored personnel carrier there are places for 12 people. The serial version of the machine will be able to transport 13 people - 3 crew members and 10 paratroopers. At the same time, the principles of placement, landing and landing during the development did not change.

First of its kind


It should be noted that the Eitan project is the first of its kind for AOI. For several decades, the basis of the Israeli fleet of armored personnel carriers has been the tracked vehicles of the M113 family. Other types of vehicles with similar chassis are also available. Self-developed wheeled armored personnel carrier was created for the first time in stories. And the first project of this class was brought to the series.

Next year, IDF will receive the first samples of new equipment, and by the end of the current decade it is planned to create a full-fledged fleet of the desired size. The Israeli Ministry of Defense promises that new projects will change the face of the army. How it will affect the launch of serial production of the Eitan armored personnel carrier will become clear later.
Author:
Photos used:
Israeli Ministry of Defense / mod.gov.il, Wikimedia Commons
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

48 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Vladimir_2U 13 February 2020 05: 50 New
    • 9
    • 6
    +3
    First of its kind
    As usual with the sons of Israel, noisy praise until you take a closer look. And he is not the first of his kind, but simply in Israel.
    1. KCA
      KCA 13 February 2020 06: 25 New
      • 12
      • 12
      0
      I look at the photo - “Boomerang”, only ugly, but if Israel means the best, it means a breakthrough, the first in the world, and if “Boomerang” - for crap, we don’t need this, although the concept is the same
      1. Ugrumiy 13 February 2020 06: 31 New
        • 16
        • 7
        +9
        Only this one has already gone into the series, but the Boomerang still does not know when it will reach this point.
        1. KCA
          KCA 13 February 2020 06: 34 New
          • 5
          • 5
          0
          I’m not talking about the release, I’m talking about how many experts criticized the very concept of the wheeled BMP "Boomerang" with foam in the mouth and in the tail and mane.
          1. Jack O'Neill 13 February 2020 14: 20 New
            • 4
            • 4
            0
            "Boomerang" is generally good, many did not like the fact that it is tall, they say "target" for the RPG.
            But for the grenade launcher there is no difference, the Boomerang or BMP-2, or BTR-80.
            Many are just as afraid of something new.
            1. Sapsan136 13 February 2020 16: 43 New
              • 3
              • 1
              +2
              The question is not a grenade launcher and that someone is afraid of something ... The question is that in Israel, with its rocky soil, the conditions are different, because Merkava will not be bad for Israel, it will become a suitcase without a handle, being stuck in the first puddle, in the Russian Federation, with its weight of 60 tons ... That's why they did BMPs in the USSR on crawler tracks, despite the fact that there were experimental models on both wheeled and mixed, wheeled-tracked tracks ... There will be war to go not only on good roads, that’s why caterpillar equipment is needed that is superior to wheeled vehicles in cross-country ability, and the extra body height, D , It is difficult to disguise and a big target for enemy shots in general this is a tangible lack of ...
              1. Jack O'Neill 13 February 2020 17: 34 New
                • 3
                • 5
                -2
                And why did you take that Merkava should be here in Russia?
                And we traditionally make armored personnel carriers on a wheeled chassis. The same "Boomerang" - a continuation, but dopilenny in terms of safety and survivability of the crew / landing.
                If you take the BTR-80, then it is slightly less than fully damaged, against the backdrop of the Boomerang.
                "Boomergang" is designed to undermine the IEDs, and has a ramp, thanks to which the landing party can quickly leave the car.
                The dimensions of the Boomerang are not critical, especially considering what it gives, in comparison with the BTR-80.
                So what would you rather go to the war zone, in the BTR-80, or in the Boomerang?
                I think the answer is more than obvious ...
                1. Sapsan136 13 February 2020 21: 36 New
                  • 6
                  • 1
                  +5
                  An armored personnel carrier is designed to deliver infantry to a battlefield ... An infantry fighting vehicle is designed to deliver infantry to a battlefield, its fire support and escorting tanks in battle ... Do you understand the difference in the concept of creating vehicles ?! An BMP is by definition a heavier vehicle, which is why it uses a tracked chassis like on tanks ... The answer will be in the BMP-3 ...
                2. Kot_Kuzya 14 February 2020 05: 18 New
                  • 1
                  • 0
                  +1
                  You are not at all in the subject, since you confuse an armored personnel carrier and an infantry fighting vehicle, these are completely different types of vehicles.
                  So what would you rather go to the war zone, in the BTR-80, or in the Boomerang?
                  I prefer the BTR-80, as the 34-ton Boomerang gets stuck along the way, and you have to stomp the entire compartment on foot. And the 14-ton BTR-80 will drive off-road and take you where necessary.
        2. Private-K 13 February 2020 07: 43 New
          • 10
          • 8
          +2
          What kind of "series" has Eitan already gone? It is said: "several cars were laid and will be transferred in 2021." Some. In a year.
          This is nothing more than a trial installation batch.
          And this despite the fact that Israel has access to almost any units and "elemental base" (tm) in the world. International sanctions are not imposed on him and his government does not put sticks in wheels (as in the Russian Federation).
          Oh, the Israelites are not in a hurry, oh they are not in a hurry. Yes, and rightly so. We are already happy that we otmazyvatsya from the imposed US Stricker.
          1. Ugrumiy 13 February 2020 15: 09 New
            • 2
            • 4
            -2
            It is said in the article that they announced the start of mass production and started making the first batch, read carefully.
            1. Private-K 13 February 2020 15: 25 New
              • 4
              • 3
              +1
              Party in SOME cars it NOT mass production!!!
              This is nothing more than what in the USSR and the Russian Federation is called the party for "experimental military operation ", which itself will last 1-2 or even more years. Then, corrected and finished will go into mass production at least in A few dozens a year.
        3. Stalllker 14 February 2020 07: 39 New
          • 4
          • 2
          +2
          They have a war, they need equipment. And where should we hurry ????! T-34 is a good tank, quickly rolled out, and then how many years brought to mind ?! I don’t think that Israel has created an impeccable APC, there are a few pounds of its disadvantages, but this is not customary to talk about. But to fight against men with bottles of gasoline and pipes with gunpowder instead of rockets will go !!!
      2. stone 13 February 2020 07: 49 New
        • 12
        • 3
        +9
        Well, Boomerang is also not the first far of their kind! But for my taste, Eitan is prettier and goes into series, and has KAZ and Spike, and an electronic vision system.
      3. Alexfly 23 March 2020 11: 45 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        It is not Ferrari to be beautiful, it is a means of transporting the personnel of the unit from point A to point B, preferably without loss and the ability to snap back fire ...
    2. Aaron Zawi 13 February 2020 07: 55 New
      • 11
      • 1
      +10
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      As usual with the sons of Israel, noisy praise until you take a closer look. And he is not the first of his kind, but simply in Israel.

      First, the article was not written by the "son of Israel." lol
      Secondly, he was the first wheeled armored personnel carrier built in Israel, and wheeled equipment was in service with the IDF in the 60s and 70s.

      1. Vladimir_2U 13 February 2020 08: 04 New
        • 3
        • 2
        +1
        I'm talking about armored personnel carriers, but he’s definitely the son of Israel!)
      2. Zeev Zeev 13 February 2020 10: 14 New
        • 6
        • 1
        +5
        Long before the capture of the Soviet armored personnel carriers from the Arabs, the IDF completely used wheeled armored vehicles. Since 1948. And the assembled from the spare parts and car bodies found at the dumps of the British Army were, and home-made products on the basis of civilian vehicles with composite armor (sandwiches), and the M3 "Scout" ...
    3. Nikolaevich I 13 February 2020 07: 58 New
      • 2
      • 9
      -7
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      And he is not the first of his kind, but simply in Israel.

      And in fact ... "Eitan", well, "Eitan" .... you’re crazy! If in Russia Jews can surprise some people with “Eitan”, then “in Ukraine” FIG it will work! I say this because I remember how ukro-soldaten boasted of meetings with ,, Russian tank Armata ,, ... in the Donbass! The conversation was this: “You think,“ Armata ”! Yes, in only one battle we shot dozens of“ armatures ”from RPG-7! They burn no worse than others ...!“ That's who and what example of “reaction” should be taken when " with you "will praise other people's equipment and weapons! yes " You think, "Eitan!" And we have an RPG-7! "
    4. Bar2 13 February 2020 13: 17 New
      • 6
      • 5
      +1
      Israel so big has already launched a new armored personnel carrier, and little Russia still has no choice with a boomerang.
  2. lucul 13 February 2020 06: 09 New
    • 2
    • 6
    -4
    BTR "Eitan" goes into a series

    Well, this one will also get stuck out of the blue, like Amer Oshkosh recently?
    1. Waltasar 13 February 2020 07: 02 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      Maybe it won’t get stuck. The local theater of operations is characterized by hard rocky soil. After all, Merkava somehow drives.
      1. Zeev Zeev 13 February 2020 07: 22 New
        • 6
        • 5
        +1
        Merkava travels quite normally through mud. And Eitan was not created for "hard rocky soil" either.
        1. Cowbra 13 February 2020 08: 47 New
          • 7
          • 11
          -4
          Quote: Zeev Zeev
          Merkava travels quite normally through mud.

          Does it force the puddle on the pavement? For her, any bridge - an anti-tank obstacle, in black soil - will drown along the tower
          1. Krasnodar 13 February 2020 09: 14 New
            • 4
            • 3
            +1
            In Greenland, overturned on ice lol
            Quote: Cowbra

            Does it force the puddle on the pavement? For her, any bridge - an anti-tank obstacle, in black soil - will drown along the tower
          2. Zeev Zeev 13 February 2020 10: 09 New
            • 5
            • 5
            0
            There, in general, a mud is shown through which this APC passes. From my own experience I can say that this dirt is small in depth, somewhere from half a meter to two, but it is very sticky and poorly passable for a person or a machine. And wet asphalt is to show the braking distance.
    2. Private-K 13 February 2020 07: 45 New
      • 2
      • 2
      0
      Should not. The Israelis took European developments as a basis, where they paid attention to cross-country ability. And, at one time, they abandoned the imposed Stricker - that one, of course, would be stuck right away.
      1. Free wind 13 February 2020 09: 07 New
        • 6
        • 4
        +2
        Heavy, impassable ..... How many of the swamps after WWII pulled out heavy and impassable, stuck drowned fascist tigers and panthers with ferdinants? And not a single .......
        1. Sapsan136 13 February 2020 16: 47 New
          • 3
          • 1
          +2
          You better read about how the Germans had to put wider tracks on their Pz3 and Pz4 tanks ... because of their low cross-country ability on the fields of Russia ... and how they broke, due to imperfect design ...
  3. Warrior MorePhoto 13 February 2020 07: 13 New
    • 17
    • 6
    +11
    Well, right, the normal human terms of 2016 began designing, 2019 the beginning of mass production ...
    Snot does not chew, cheers patriotism does not yell, take and do!

    And ours, as an example with 23560 Leader, they will put a plastic model and shout Nato in shock, America in a panic, and then oops ... not not later

    Also with the Su 57 aircraft, still the 4th generation flies (God forbid after 3 years to the series, and most likely after 5) with the new engine, and development began simultaneously with F 35 !!!
    1. KCA
      KCA 13 February 2020 08: 19 New
      • 2
      • 6
      -4
      Does Eitan know how to fly and dive under water? Why such a long assembly?

      You write: normal human terms 2016 started designing, 2019 start of mass production

      and so on

      Article: Next year AOI will receive the first samples of new equipment (2021)
      And by the way, where is it about serial assembly? The first samples are not a series, these are samples
      1. Zeev Zeev 13 February 2020 10: 04 New
        • 2
        • 2
        0
        The first samples have been tested since 2018.
        1. Private-K 13 February 2020 15: 50 New
          • 1
          • 1
          0
          The first samples were tested already in 2015 !!!
    2. Private-K 13 February 2020 08: 52 New
      • 2
      • 4
      -2
      Quote: Fighter MoreThings
      Well, right, the normal human terms of 2016 began designing, 2019 the beginning of mass production ...

      The assembly of the first experienced Eitan by the Israeli media announced in October 2015.
      According to statements, as a result of the conclusions of the operation in the Gaza Strip in the summer of 2014.
      Who said development has not been done before?
      What kind of schiz will argue that it is possible to begin assembling an experimental armored personnel carrier without a long preparatory development, implementation of the whole range of measures to prepare for assembly (including the search and selection of suppliers, evaluation of their products, etc., etc.) ????

      Israel can, and does, assemble a machine from almost any component parts from around the world.
      Unlike the Russian Federation.
  4. Warrior MorePhoto 13 February 2020 08: 26 New
    • 3
    • 1
    +2
    Quote: KCA
    Does Eitan know how to fly and dive under water? Why such a long assembly?

    You write: normal human terms 2016 started designing, 2019 start of mass production

    and so on

    Article: Next year AOI will receive the first samples of new equipment (2021)
    And by the way, where is it about serial assembly? The first samples are not a series, these are samples


    If you believe what is written, from the beginning of 2016 to 2021 the first batch ... for land equipment 5 years, quite good terms
    "Finally, on February 9, AOI announced the launch of mass production of equipment. The first few machines were laid, the construction of which will continue until next year. The transfer of the first batch to the customer is scheduled for the end of 2021."
  5. demiurg 13 February 2020 08: 32 New
    • 1
    • 3
    -2
    Quote: Fighter MoreThings
    Well, right, the normal human terms of 2016 began designing, 2019 the beginning of mass production ...
    Snot does not chew, cheers patriotism does not yell, take and do!

    And ours, as an example with 23560 Leader, they will put a plastic model and shout Nato in shock, America in a panic, and then oops ... not not later

    Also with the Su 57 aircraft, still the 4th generation flies (God forbid after 3 years to the series, and most likely after 5) with the new engine, and development began simultaneously with F 35 !!!


    Correct a little. Not in 2019, but in 2021. And not a series, but an installation batch. And so everything is true.

    The project leader is closed (which by the way is good). The problem with gearboxes is close to resolution, and there is no sense in arranging hemorrhoids with reactors.

    SU-57 for the development of the same age as a penguin, but with incomparably less funding, which is not customary to talk about.
    By the way, are you ready for the fact that the first 150 dryers will NEVER become military vehicles? I.e one hundred fifty aircraft, for each of which they gave more than $ 150000000, will at best be used as a YTS-130 level TCB. If this happened in the Russian Federation, you would have yelled about cuts and kickbacks here.
  6. Free wind 13 February 2020 09: 00 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    No one spoke badly about boomerangs, many have some kind of masochistic fantasies, drench me with slops, drench me, and then we will scream that we are being washed with slops. For this typewriter, the reservation is not bad, the engine power is very impressive for the chariot, but the gearbox is automatic, only the engine is not VTU brand, this is the name of the company. The suspension does not inspire confidence in me, as everything is open, a successful hit from the "forty-five" can take out the entire suspension from the side of the hit. In principle, this is unlikely, but who knows.
  7. _Ugene_ 13 February 2020 11: 01 New
    • 3
    • 1
    +2
    As usual, Israeli armored vehicles are actually a designer from foreign parts, a German engine, an American transmission, etc., etc.
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. Pavel57 13 February 2020 11: 37 New
    • 2
    • 1
    +1
    Compare his projections with the Boomerang.
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Tank jacket 13 February 2020 12: 37 New
    • 1
    • 1
    0
    It pulls on a wheeled tank. Apparently put 100 + mm

    caliber
  12. Operator 13 February 2020 18: 01 New
    • 1
    • 3
    -2
    Doesn’t take off: a coffin the size of an elephant, and even on wheels (a rubber-cord caterpillar track - no, they’ve not heard)

    Thank God that a similar Boomerang was buried here.
    1. SovAr238A 13 February 2020 20: 50 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: Operator
      Doesn’t take off: a coffin the size of an elephant, and even on wheels (a rubber-cord caterpillar track - no, they’ve not heard)

      Thank God that a similar Boomerang was buried here.


      Oh well..
      Our were buried due to lack of development of the construct and lack of funding for fine-tuning.
      everyone else follows this path.
      and ours, too, will return precisely to this path.
      Just 20 years later than the rest.
  13. Operator 14 February 2020 00: 17 New
    • 1
    • 4
    -3
    Quote: SovAr238A
    everyone else goes this way

    Cargo cult, no?
  14. Sardanapalus 14 February 2020 02: 56 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    And why the sides are not beveled at all. They look very appetizing for a grenade launcher. The car was big and you could figure out a rhombus .. And so, an association with a box of matches. smile
  15. Paul Siebert 14 February 2020 10: 09 New
    • 2
    • 1
    +1
    First of its kind

    Looking carefully, you can see an obvious fact - in the appearance of the “supernova” BTR, the features of the Soviet BTR-60 are visible. Amazed at the genius of Soviet designers who came up with this line of military equipment.
    Even in the XNUMXst century, modern engineers continue to be inspired by this promising design.
    I envied the Israelis, who had their production in many countries of the world — apparently, it would be beneficial to be God's chosen people ... But now, if there was a war, what will happen to the supply of parts?
    Frankly annoying, the suspension protruding from the front - but how will it tear it off if it clings to it on a stone or driftwood?
    Well, apparently - a nice machine, but without breakthrough ideas. Can’t even swim ...
  16. Snigir 14 February 2020 21: 44 New
    • 0
    • 1
    -1
    Reminded BTR 4MV1
  17. Cats 14 February 2020 21: 47 New
    • 0
    • 1
    -1
    And yet, there is doubt about the similar construction of the chassis, where its openly located elements, especially the front axle, are vulnerable to external influences. And the fact that the Eitan armored personnel carrier is not water-floating is not essential for the theater there.