In 2013, a monument “Exodus” appeared on the embankment of Novorossiysk, dedicated to the flight of the All-Union Socialist League in 1920. The first persons of the city from former party workers pushed speeches about the importance of perpetuating such a tragic page in our country. stories, but even then, between the lines there was a profound inclination towards anti-communism, which in itself is the first step towards the denial of more than half a century of the history of the state. Later, a scandal erupted, as the creators of the monument were such connoisseurs of history that they put on one of the memorial plates the words of General Anton Turkul, the gentleman of St. George, who multiplied his life by zero through close cooperation with the Nazis and traitors from the Vlasov formations.
Finally, the discontent of the townspeople reached such a limit that Turkul's surname had to be knocked together quickly, indicating that the words belonged to a certain “officer of the Drozdovsky regiment”. True, it was already impossible to save the monument’s reputation among the indigenous New Russians. Some began to call the new monument simply “horse”, while others decided to perceive it as a monument to the great actor and singer Vladimir Vysotsky.
No conclusions were drawn from unlearned lessons.
Having accumulated reputation and social lumps on the “Horse” installation, the authorities did not bother to analyze how it happened. And so, by the centenary of the flight of the Armed Forces of the South of Russia, which will be celebrated at the highest level, and the development of an action plan is already taking place in the Russian military-historical society, the local authorities decided to contribute.
In Novorossiysk, an organizing committee has been created at the level of the city administration, which is currently creating a program of events dedicated to the tragic date. According to media reports, the initiator was some "public organizations", which ones are not indicated.
Future Memorial Project
The Novorossiisk Cossacks of the Black Sea District of the Kuban Cossack Army, who came forward with the proposal to establish a worship cross, also joined these events. At the same time, as this initiative was discussed, the number of crosses increased to two: one bow, and the other - St. George. And they plan to install them directly next to the already standing monument "Exodus". On one of the crosses it will be written:
“Passerby! Bow down to the memory of the innocent soldiers of the Russian Empire, the Armed Forces of the South of Russia, Cossacks and Russian citizens who could not accept the new political reality. The defeated, but not conquered, victims of repression and terror of 1919, 1920. Many names and graves were carried into the abyss of the history of the Black Sea. ”
And, of course, they are planning to make the new monument a place of a kind of pilgrimage. And already now political ears with a pronounced schismatic accent are climbing out of noble, it would seem, ideas. After all, once again, regular activists openly take a certain position and also forget the memory of the side that they put in their opponents.
Finally, on January 24, on the anniversary of the decree on the reprisal, the ataman of the Black Sea Cossack District Sergey Savotin put all the dots over i, stating:
“Today we commemorate the ancestors of our ancestors who were killed and died innocently during the years of repression. Millions of Cossacks, by decree of the Bolshevik government, were shot, buried alive, crucified on Red Army stars ... "
Worship cross project
The author will not even reproach Citizen Savotin for the fact that the Red Army star is one of the symbols of our Great Victory, and the Kuban Cossacks, who took part in the famous Victory Parade on Red Square, bore the Red Army stars on their Kuban. And as a torture, the red star was used by the Nazis, carving it on the chest of the Communists and Komsomol members. I just wonder if such a high-ranking Cossack is aware that according to the 1897 census, 2 million 880 thousand Cossacks lived in the Russian Empire. At the same time, children, women, and the elderly entered here. According to the most daring calculations, by the beginning of the revolution the number of Cossacks could not exceed 6 million, including again children and women.
During the Civil War itself, about a third of all Cossacks in Russia fought in the ranks of the Red Army. In addition, according to the data provided by Dmitry Penkovsky, Doctor of Historical Sciences (“Emigration of the Cossacks from Russia and its consequences”), about 500 thousand Cossacks and their families emigrated from their homeland. The numbers are simple, the fate is terrible. But the fashion for populist and blasphemous "millions", apparently, has notably taken root in modern political culture ... or in lack of culture.
Once again given the command to "forget"?
Indeed, Russia is a power with an unpredictable history. First, the kings and emperors carefully wiped away the moments of history that interfered with them, then careerists from the party appeared, who went through a hurricane both in history and in monuments and buildings. Then there was the period of citizen Khrushchev, who spat from his heart at his predecessor at the XX Congress of the CPSU. Finally, we got to Gorbachev and Yeltsin, who turned the history of the great empire so much that we still cannot get out of the coma.
What is this time we are compelled to forget? The original name of the event that attracted attention, namely, the Novorossiysk disaster. Instead, a tragically romanticized game begins with the word "outcome", which in itself throws part of the victims to the sidelines of history.
To begin with, the bomb of fierce bitterness and that hell into which the city of Novorossiysk plunged in the tragic 1920s was laid a couple of years earlier. The capture of Novorossiysk by parts of the White Guards was accompanied by mass executions. First, unreliable warlords were shot. In the area of the Tsemess grove, where floodplains are located, the last refuge was found by the proletariat sympathizing with the red and several hundred Red Army men. At the time of the arrival of Denikin, there were also many wounded in the city, who had once fought on the side of the Reds. The press of those times wrote that, in order not to disturb the local population with shots, they were chopped off with checkers.
And that was just the beginning. The short-sightedness of Denikin’s policy is a vivid illustration of Berdyaev’s phrase "you need to love Russia and the Russian people more than you hate the revolution and the Bolsheviks." Anton Ivanovich, who advocated "for the one and indivisible", in hatred of the Bolsheviks, entered into an alliance with the Kuban Rada, who managed to declare the Kuban an independent republic, attracting all sorts of provocateurs, crooks and seekers of profit.
The consequences directly for Novorossiysk from this “union” were tragic. Here is how the legendary Vladimir Kokkinaki, an indigenous New Russian citizen, described the Cossacks-independents:
“I will never forget the case. They come with rifles two of some "fighters for the idea." Towards a well-dressed man in boots. One of those with rifles pushes the other with his elbow in the side and points to the oncoming peasant: “Oh, Gritsko, look, the one we are joking ...” They put him against the wall, shot him in front of my eyes, took off his boots, they took them and left. "
Because of the disorganized troops driven into the Novorossiysk “hollow”, the level of unsanitary conditions jumped up. Not enough water. Typhus began to rage, mowing both citizens and refugees. It was from typhus in Novorossiysk that famous personality stories died: Professor Prince Evgeny Nikolaevich Trubetskoy and Vladimir Mitrofanovich Purishkevich.
Due to criminal management mistakes, there were not enough transport ships, so a real panic was happening in the port. Here is how those events were described by the aforementioned Turkul, who does not have any warm feelings for the Reds:
“We are loading onto the Ekaterinodar steamboat. An officer company rolled out machine guns for order (!). Loaded officers and volunteers. One in the morning. The black wall of people standing in the back of the head moves almost silently. The pier has thousands of abandoned horses. From the deck to the hold, everything is crammed with people, stand shoulder to shoulder, and so on to the Crimea. In Novorossiysk guns were not loaded, everything was abandoned. The remaining people huddled on the jetty at the cement plants and prayed to take them, holding out their hands in the dark ... "
At the same time, the colonel of the Don consolidated partisan division Yatsevich reported to the commander:
“The hasty shameful loading was not caused by the real situation at the front, which was obvious to me, as the last departing one. No significant forces came. ”
Along with the flight, Denikin received the last “hello” from his “ally” - the Cossacks of the Kuban Rada who refused to leave Novorossiysk. Thus, the demoralized independent Cossacks and “green” gangs received for their use a whole city from which the White Guards with their nominal order left, but the Red Army soldiers had not yet arrived. The largest elevator in Europe ceased to exist, the port's infrastructure was partially destroyed, and no one considered the number of dead and robbed citizens and refugees. A disaster for everyone.
Red Cossacks are also in the dustbin of history
In their speeches, policies from the Cossacks also a priori completely erased the Red Cossacks from history. By the way, they did it in the best traditions of party officials from the time of communism. For example, they “forgot” that Ataman Pyotr Krasnov, the future Nazi criminal, on the Don, deprived almost all of the Cossacks (their families, respectively) who fought or sympathized with the Reds. Not news and executions of the Red Cossacks.
However, we will return to the Kuban. Right before our eyes, the legendary gentleman of St. George, the senior officer of the Russian Imperial Army and the brigade commander of the Red Guard, the cossack of the village of Georgievskaya Ivan Antonovich Kochubey set off for the history furnace. His figure was so popular among the Cossacks that when the white managed to capture the brave brigade commander, they even decided to have mercy on him and give an officer rank in exchange for service in their ranks. Kochubey refused and was hanged. Monuments to him stand in Beisug, Nevinnomyssk, St. George, etc.
Alexey Avtonomov (right)
And I won’t know where to take the former coronet from Don Aleksey Avtonomov and the Cossack of the village of Petropavlovskaya Ivan Sorokin to the Yekaterinodar defense commanders? Both personalities are extremely controversial, but both were Cossacks, and thousands of red Cossacks fought under their command. In addition, Sorokin was eventually shot by the Bolsheviks themselves, but managed to earn praise of Denikin himself:
"If in general the ideological leadership in strategy and tactics during the North Caucasus war belonged to Sorokin himself, then in the person of a nurse-assistant nugget, Soviet Russia lost a major military leader."
Where to put Yan Vasilyevich Poluyan, a Cossack Elizavetinsky stanitsa, a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Kuban Army, who was shot in 1937 and rehabilitated in 1955? What about the Cossack of the Razdolnaya stanitsa, a participant in the First World War, and later the commander of the 1st shock Soviet Sharia column, Grigory Ivanovich Mironenko, who survived the Civil War and devoted his whole life to serving the Soviet state and its people?
How much can you dance on this historical rake, solving your local shallow grass puzzles? The rake has already started in bubbles ... And most importantly, there is a way out of this situation, and it is a disaster on the surface. This concept itself screams about what happened and how to relate to it.